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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912604

ABSTRACT

Objective:The development level of health science technology innovation plays crucial role in the sustainable development of economy and society in China. This article summarizes the experience of U. S., compares with the status quo of health science technology innovation in China, to provide possible reference for the future development in this field.Methods:This study mainly uses literature review, comparative reference and other methods to analyze the health science technology innovation and its development experience in U. S.Results:The U. S. has formed a health science and technology system with state-level research institutions as the main component, and has a strategic layout in the frontiers of basic medicine, key diseases, key population health, and medical device technology.Conclusions:Based on the experience of the u. s., China should establish a continuous medical research investment mechanism, strengthen the sharing of basic resources, attach importance to deployment in key areas, and continue to support cutting-edge research.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823513

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of a dental caries phototherapy device using neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser on the temperature of tooth pulp chamber of different sites and morphologies under different irradiation duration and power. Methods Fifty intact isolated teeth were collected and randomly divided into middle incisor group, upper right first premolar group, upper right second molar group, upper left first premolar group, and upper left second molar group. Each experimental group was irradiated according to the laser power 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9 and 2.0 W, and the irradiation duration 30, 60, 90 s. The temperature rise of the pulp chamber was recorded with a thermocouple thermometer. Results After the laser irradiation, the temperature of the tooth pulp chamber increased, and the temperature rise was less than 5.5℃, i.e. the threshold leading to the dental pulp necrosis. Conclusions The use of laser to prevent dental caries will increase the temperature of the tooth pulp chamber, but the temperature rise in the range of 5.5 ° C is relatively safe and will not cause irreversible damage to the pulp tissue.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756511

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the management experience of Swedish medical research funding,and provide reference for further rationalization of medical research investment management in China.Methods Literature research method,descriptive statistics and other methods were used to systematically sort out the source of Swedish medical research funding,and specifically analyze the capital investment and distribution in medical fields in the past ten years.Results The Swedish government 's budget in the UO9 (health,medical and social care) field is steadily increasing.The annual average budget accounts for 7.14% of the total government budget.There are scientific management methods for fund allocation.The appropriation projects are mainly divided into three main directions including public health categories,health care and social care.Conclusions Taking into account of the problems existing in the investment and distribution of medical research funds in China,this paper proposes to explore the capital investment mode suitable for China's national conditions,enhance the targeted investment of funds in medicine,and establish a scientific and efficient fund investment management mechanism.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746299

ABSTRACT

Objective The paper aims to analyze the effectiveness and problems of health personnel construction in China since 2012,provide reference for promoting the construction of health professionals.Methods Using national data from China health statistics yearbook,adopted the methods of descriptive statistics and literature research and so forth.Results The construction of health personnel has been continuously strengthened in China,the structure and distribution of health personnel have been further optimized,the medical service capabilities have been improved.However,there are still inappropriate or imbalanced situations.Conclusions The construction of key personnel such as primary health personnel and urgently needed personnel need to be further strengthened;promote the construction of health service personnel to meet new health needs;continue to improve the construction of high-level and management personnel to play a leading role.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507458

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the hot spots and frontiers in domestic and foreign precision medicine with CiteSpace. Methods The CNKI and WOS-covered papers on precision medicine were analyzed by bibliometrics combined with CiteSpace. Results Domestic precision medicine got off in 1992 and scholars became interested in it from 2010 . Foreign precision medicine started in 1985 and studies on it increased rapidly from 2006 . The node of precision medicine was the largest in China with a rather high value of gene mutation, US president Barack Obama ( precision medicine program) , personalized medicine, gene chip, genomics and pharmacogenomics whereas the node of personalized medicine, cancer and breast cancer was the largest with a rather high value of precision medi-cine, pharmacogenomics and pharmacogenetics. Conclusion The number of domestic and foreign papers on US president Barack Obama ( precision medicine program) is rapidly increased and pharmacogenomics is their common frontier. However, cancer is highly concerned in foreign countries.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310252

ABSTRACT

Through the analysis of the current status and problems of innovative medical devices evaluation, tnis paper discussed the strategies of evaluation, and ultimately raises the frame of evaluation, so as to provide reference for scientific evaluation of medical devices in China.


Subject(s)
China , Equipment and Supplies , Reference Standards , Evaluation Studies as Topic
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470781

ABSTRACT

Objective Establish an objective and fair evaluation index system for the implementation effectiveness of the National Major New Drug Development Program of China.Methods Based on literature review and Delphi method,the framework of the evaluation index system was built and analytic hierarchy process was applied to determine the priority of each indicator of the system.The objectiveness and validness of the results were assured by determining expert activeness coefficient,authority coefficient,indicator rationality,and by applying consistency check.Results A targeted and systematic evaluation index system was constructed for the National Major New Drug Development Program,and through expert consultation and analytic hierarchy process,the factor of product result was considered of the highest weight of 39.03%,followed by technical result,theoretical result and organization and management result.The evaluation index system suggested that product result and technical result are two relatively more significant factors to be considered during evaluation.Conclu sion After consultation on expert opinions,the evaluation index system for the National Major New Drug Development Program was constructed with each factor been assigned with a scientific and rational weight,and this will provide a guideline for the decision making of program administrators and evaluation practice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636410

ABSTRACT

Background The excessive growth of human Tenon fibroblasts (HTFs) is a primary cause of failure of anti-glaucomatous filtering surgery.To seek a drug of anti-fibrosis is of an important significance for improving the successful rate of anti-glaucomatous filtration surgery.Objective The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of paclitaxel on proliferation of HTFs in vitro.Methods Human Tenon tissue was obtained during the anti-glaucomatous filtering surgery.HTFs were cultivated using explant method and 3-6 generations of cells were used in the experiment.The cells were identified by immunochemistry using keratin,vimentin,fibronectin and S-100.Different concentrations (0,1 ×10-s,1 × 10-7,1 × 10-6 mol/L) of paclitaxel were added into the medium,and then the cell indexes (CI) in the various groups were detected by real-time cell electronic sensing (RT-CES) 24 hours after affection of paclitaxel.Apoptosis of the cells was examined using DAPI staining,and the proportion of the cells in different cycles were assayed by flow cytorneter 12 hours after addition of paclitaxel.The expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) protein and mRNA were detected by ELISA and real-time PCR,respectively.Results The cells migrated from the cultivated tissue within 7 days with the fibrocyte-like shape.The cells showed the positive response for vimentin and absent response for keratin,fibronectin and S-100.The CI values were 1.093 ±0.191,0.665 ± 0.093 and 0.473 ± 0.117 in the 1 × 10-8,1 × 10-7 and 1 × 10-6 mol/L paclitaxel groups,showing significant rise in comparison with the 1.514 ±0.283 of the 0 mol/L paclitaxel group (all at P =0.000).The cell nuclei were normal in the 0 mol/L paclitaxel group,however,blue-fluorescent particles and apoptotic bodied were found in the cell nuclei after affection of paclitaxel.The proportion of G2/M phase of cells were (9.20±0.80) %,(12.37±0.45)% and (13.80±0.35)% in the 1×10-8 mol/L,1×10-7 mol/L and 1×10-6 mol/L paclitaxel groups,which were higher than the (7.17±0.50) % in the 0 mol/L paclitaxel group (P=0.005,0.000,0.000).In addition,the relative expressing level of M MP-1 mRNA (MMP-1 mRNA/GAPDH mRNA) and the expression level of MMP-1 protein in the HTFs were significantly lower in the 1 ×10-8 mol/L,1 × 10-7 mol/L and 1 × 10-6 mol/L paclitaxel groups than those in the 0 mol/L group (all at P<0.05).Conclusions Paclitaxel at the concentrations of 1 × 10-8 mol/L-1 × 10-6 mol/L inhibits the proliferation of HTFs in vitro by arresting the cellular mitosis and inducing cell apoptosis.These effects probably associated with down-regulation of MMP-1 expression in the HTFs.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264213

ABSTRACT

The paper reviewed the development history, current application and technical features of 3D ultrasound and 3D breast ultrasound. 3D ultrasound is used in breast screening methods. Special 3D breast ultrasound equipment can enhance breast characteristics, corresponding the breast characteristics to carry out technological innovation and improvement, provide more accurate and convenient way to inspect breast.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Methods
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342971

ABSTRACT

The key factor responsible for the slowness of registration of medical devices in China is clinical trial. The clinical trial in European and U.S. is taken as an example to analyze the problems in clinical trials in China. Some suggestions are proposed to solve the problem.


Subject(s)
China , Clinical Trials as Topic , Device Approval , Research Design
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