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Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 50(11): e20190496, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133211


ABSTRACT: Intravenous regional limb perfusion (IRLP) is an efficient method to treat horses with synovial infections. However, information on the dose, volume, and intervals of administration is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra-articular concentration of gentamicin administered by IRLP in horses over 24 h post-administration and evaluate the influence of the total perfused volume. Twenty horses were assigned to two treatment groups. Gentamicin 60 group (G60, n=10) and Gentamicin 250 group (G250, n=10) received IRLP of 6.6 mg/kg of gentamicin diluted in Ringer's lactate for a total volume of 60 ml (G60) and 250 ml (G250), respectively. Synovial fluid harvests were performed in the metacarpophalangeal joint before (0) and 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 hours after IRLP. Agar diffusion was the assay for measuring gentamicin concentrations. Four hours after IRLP, the intra-articular concentration of gentamicin was 47.58±49.21 μg/ml in G60 and 10.92±6.11 μg/ml in G250. During the 24 h of harvest, the intra-articular concentration of gentamicin remained above the minimum inhibitory concentration for horses (MIC; 2 μg/ml) in both experimental groups. In G60, the concentration of gentamicin in synovial fluid reached the maximal concentration and remained 8 to 10-fold higher than the MIC (Cmax: 16 to 20 μg/ml) during 12 h after IRLP. These findings support that IRLP with 6.6 mg/kg of gentamicin diluted to a volume of 60 ml promotes intra-articular concentrations higher than 250 ml, remaining above the MIC for 24 h and at the maximum concentration for 12 h.

RESUMO: A perfusão regional intravenosa (PRI) em membros de equinos é um método comprovadamente eficiente para o tratamento de infecções sinoviais, porém ainda existem lacunas quanto à dose, volume e intervalos de administração a serem utilizados. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar a concentração intra-articular da gentamicina administrada por PRI em equinos, ao longo de 24 horas pós-administração, bem como avaliar a influência do volume total perfundido. Vinte equinos foram distribuídos em dois grupos experimentais, Grupo Gentamicina 60 (G60) e Grupo Gentamicina 250 (G250), representados por 10 equinos em cada grupo que receberam, por PRI, 6,6 mg/kg de gentamicina diluída em Ringer lactato para um total de 60 ml (G60) ou 250 ml (G250). As colheitas de líquido sinovial foram realizadas, na articulação metacarpo-falangeana, antes do início do experimento e após 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, e 24 horas. Difusão em ágar foi o método para doseamento das concentrações de gentamicina. Quatro horas após a PRI, a concentração intra-articular da gentamicina era de 47,58±49,21 µg/ml no G60 e 10,92±6,11 µg/ml no G250. Durante as 24 horas de colheita, a concentração intra-articular de gentamicina permaneceu acima da concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) (2 μg/ml) em ambos os grupos experimentais. No G60, as concentrações de gentamicina no líquido sinovial atingiram a concentração máxima e mantiveram-se 8 a 10 vezes mais elevadas que a CIM (Cmáx: 16 a 20 μg/ml) durante 12 horas após a PRI. Conclui-se que a PRI em membros, com 6,6 mg/kg de gentamicina diluída para o volume de 60 ml, promove concentrações intra-articulares mais elevadas que o volume de 250 ml, permanecendo acima da CIM durante 24 horas e em concentração máxima durante 12 horas.

Acta cir. bras ; 33(5): 454-461, May 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949348


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate abdominal ventral wound healing by using a specific biomaterial, a handmade polyamide surgical mesh. Methods: A surgical incisional defect was made in ten rabbits to simulate a hernia in the ventral abdominal musculature. A polyamide surgical mesh was used in hernioplasty. They were monitored for surgical wound healing, and macroscopically and histologically evaluated at the end of the experiment. The polyamide surgical mesh did not cause foreign body reaction, pain, edema, or infection in the surgical site. The manure production was not affected by intestinal tissue adherences to the mesh, consistent with the ultrasonography result where adherences were not observed and organized scarring tissue formed in the incisional defect. The polyamide mesh was fixed over the abdominal wall, and its external and internal sides were surrounded by a vascularized connective tissue. Results: None of the experimental animals developed adherences from internal organs to the polyamide mesh, except two rabbits where the omentum formed adherence to the internal scarring tissue without present herniation or compromise of the rabbit's health. Conclusion: Polyamide surgical mesh for hernioplasty presents, in rabbits, excellent biocompatibility, with minimal body adverse reactions and low cost.

Animals , Male , Rats , Prostheses and Implants , Surgical Mesh , Wound Healing/physiology , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Biocompatible Materials , Tissue Adhesions/physiopathology , Abdominal Muscles/transplantation