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1.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 46-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996033

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the rapid increase in cancer treatment costs in China had brought a huge economic burden to society, and it was urgent to standardize the rational application of anti-tumor drugs. In the context of the reform of group payment related to disease diagnosis, a tertiary first-class hospital focused on the needs of patients and guided by value-based healthcare, established a professional and normalized refined anti-tumor drug management system, setted up a multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment team, and promoted " Internet plus pharmaceutical services" in December 2018.From 2019 to 2021, the proportion of hospital drugs were 30.8%, 30.1%, and 27.3%, respectively. The amount of money spent on anti-tumor drugs were 83.25 million yuan, 76.41 million yuan, and 62.48 million yuan, respectively, showing a decreasing trend year by year. The practice of refined management of anti-tumor drugs fully reflected the core concept of value based healthcare, achieving closed-loop management of the entire process of drugs, improving the level of rational drug use, reducing the economic burden on patients, and providing reference for improving the level of rational use of anti-tumor drugs in public hospitals.

2.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 402-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of combining intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) of the cerebellum with physiotherapy on the balance function and gait of stroke survivors.Methods:Thirty-two hemiplegic stroke survivors were divided at random into a treatment group and a control group, each of 16. Both groups received conventional physical therapy. Before their physiotherapy sessions the treatment group received iTBS treatment of the cerebellar hemisphere contralateral to the affected cerebral hemisphere, while the control group was given pseudo-stimulation on the same site. The iTBS was given once a day for 200s each time, 6 times a week for 3 weeks consecutively. Before and after the treatment, as well as 3 weeks later, both groups′ balance was evaluated using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Their ability to shift their center of gravity, total length of their shaking trajectory, and maximum shaking diameter were also quantified. Walking ability was assessed using 10m walk test (10MWT) times and the Tinetti Gait Assessment Scale (POMA-G). Lower limb motor function was quantified using the relevant Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA-LE) and the subjects′ ability in the activities of daily living was measured with the Barthel index (BI).Results:After the 3 weeks of treatment and at the follow-up the average BBS score of the treatment group had improved significantly more than the control group′s average, as had its total track length and maximum shake diameter. The average POMA-G, FMA-LE and BI scores of the treatment group were also significantly better.Conclusions:Combining iTBS with physiotherapy can improve the balance and gait of stroke survivors more effectively than physiotherapy alone.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 732-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between mitochondrial calcium uniporter protein (MCU)-mediated mitochondrial dynamics and intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.Methods:Twenty-four wild-type adult male C57BL/6J mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 18-20 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), intestinal I/R group (IIR group), sham operation+ MCU inhibitor Ru360 group (S+ Ru360 group) and intestinal I/R + Ru360 group (IIR+ Ru360 group). The mouse model of intestinal I/R injury was prepared by clamping the root of the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by 2 h of reperfusion in anesthetized animals. Small intestinal tissues were obtained at the end of reperfusion for examination of the intestinal mucosal injury which was scored according to Chiu and for determination of the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) (TBA method), activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) (WST-8 method), content of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) (colorimetric method), and expression of MCU, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), recombinant human mitochondrial fission 1 protein (Fis1), mitofusin-1 (Mfn1) and Mfn2 (by Western blot). Results:Compared with S and S+ Ru360 groups, the Chiu′s score and contents of MDA and LDH were significantly increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the expression of MCU, Drp1 and Fis1 was up-regulated, and the expression of Mfn1 and Mfn2 was down-regulated in IIR and IIR+ Ru360 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with IIR group, the Chiu′s score and contents of MDA and LDH were significantly decreased, the activity of SOD was increased, the expression of MCU, Drp1 and Fis1 was down-regulated, and the expression of Mfn1 and Mfn2 was up-regulated in IIR+ Ru360 group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism underlying intestinal I/R injury may be related to MCU-induced promotion of mitochondrial fission, reduction of mitochondrial fusion and mediation of imbalance in mitochondrial dynamics in mice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 459-462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of stone composition prediction method based on dual-source stone energy spectrum CT for uric acid stones.Methods:The clinical data of 204 patients with urinary stones, 159 males and 45 females, admitted to Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital from July 2020 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The average age was (50.7±14.3) years. There were 187 cases of upper urinary tract (kidney, ureter) stones and 17 cases of lower urinary tract (bladder, urethra) stones. All patients underwent preoperative dual-source stone energy spectroscopy CT, measuring CT values at 150 kV and 100 kV, respectively, and the calculated dual energy ratio (Ratio) was used to predict stone composition. Of the 204 cases in this group, 33 cases underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy and 171 cases underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy. Postoperative stone specimens were analyzed for stone composition by infrared spectroscopy. Subject work characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the efficacy of preoperative dual-source stone energy spectrum CT to predict uric acid stones.Results:In 204 patients, preoperative CT predicted 28 cases of uric acid stones and 176 cases of non-uric acid stones, including 136 cases of calcium oxalate stones, 38 cases of hydroxyapatite, and 2 cases of cystine stones. Postoperative IR spectral analysis detected 26 cases of uric acid stones and 178 cases of non-uric acid stones, including 129 cases of calcium oxalate stones, 47 cases of hydroxyapatite, and 2 cases of cystine stones. Compared with the preoperative CT results, there were 2 false positives and no false negatives in the classification of uric acid stones. The ROC curve showed that the sensitivity of the CT value for predicting uric acid stones at 100 kV was 96.2%, the specificity was 99.5%, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.995, with the best prediction value of 620 HU.The sensitivity of the CT value for predicting uric acid stones at 150 kV was 96.2%, specificity was 85.5%, AUC was 0.916, and the best predictive value was 597.5 HU. The sensitivity of using Ratio values for predicting uric acid stones was 100.0%, specificity was 97.9%, AUC was 0.996, and the best predictive value was 1.14. The CT values for uric acid stones at 100 kV and 150 kV were (558.58±77.07) HU and (521.12±83.54) HU, CT values for calcium oxalate stones were (1 335.26±301.82) HU and (878.21±200.21) HU, CT values for hydroxyapatite were (1 104.09±203.61) HU and (710.38±178.44) HU, respectively.The CT values of cystine stones were (684.5±67.18) HU and (573.5±67.10) HU, respectively, and the differences between uric acid stones and other components were statistically significant ( P<0.01). The Ratio values of uric acid stones, calcium oxalate stones, hydroxyapatite, and cystine stones were 1.08±0.06, 1.52±0.08, 1.62±0.40, and 1.19±0.02, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01) when comparing uric acid stones with other components. Conclusion:The CT and Ratio values of dual-source stone energy spectrum CT can effectively distinguish uric acid stones from other types of stones, and the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of this method for predicting uric acid stones are high.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 449-454, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a novel cuproptosis-related gene signature (CRGS) for prediction of prognosis, immunotherapy response and drug sensitivity in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:Data materials for this study were obtained from the international cancer genome consortium (ICGC), the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database and Migort210 database, and protein expression profiles were obtained from the human protein atlas image classification database. Based on the TCGA cohort, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm was applied to construct the CRGS and calculate the risk score for each HCC patient. HCC patients were grouped according to the median risk score: HCC patients in the TCGA cohort were divided into a high-risk group TCGA and a low-risk group TCGA with 184 cases in each group; HCC patients in the ICGC cohort were divided into a high-risk group ICGC and a low-risk group ICGC with 116 cases in each group. Patients in the Migort210 cohort were divided into a responder group ( n=68) and a non-responder group ( n=230) based on their response to immunotherapy. We assessed the value of CRGS in predicting the prognosis of HCC patients in the TCGA cohort and validated whether CRGS could be used to predict the prognosis of HCC patients in the ICGC dataset. To explore the role of CRGS in predicting immunotherapy response and drug sensitivity in HCC patients based on data from the TCGA cohort, and to apply the Migort210 immunotherapy cohort to validate the clinical value of CRGS in predicting immunotherapy in malignant tumors. Results:CRGS consists of four copper death-related genes: GLS, CDKN2A, LIPT1, and DLAT. Patients in the high-risk group TCGA had lower overall survival (OS), disease-specifical survival, and progression-free interval than those in the low-risk group TCGA (all P<0.01). OS of patients in the high-risk group ICGC was lower than that in the low-risk group ICGC ( P=0.022). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that CRGS was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in HCC patients (TCGA: HR=2.991, 95% CI: 1.781-5.049, P<0.001; ICGC: HR=4.621, 95% CI: 1.685-12.674, P=0.033). Risk scores were positively correlated with the expression levels of CTLA4, PDCD1, CD80 and HLLA2 (all P<0.001). Patients in the high-risk group TCGA had lower tumor immune dysfunction and rejection scores than those in the low-risk group TCGA [-0.04(-0.07, -0.02) vs. -0.02(-0.04, 0) points], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). Patients in the responder group had a higher risk score than the non-responder group [1.70 (1.56, 1.90) vs. 1.63 (1.52, 1.80)], with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The half-inhibitory concentrations (IC 50) for sunitinib, rapamycin and etanercept were higher in the high-risk group TCGA than that in the low-risk group TCGA, while the IC 50 for erlotinib was lower than that in the low-risk group TCGA, and the differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.001). Conclusion:The CRGS might be served as a potential biomarker to predict the prognoses, immunotherapy response, and drug sensitivity of patients with HCC.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 212-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects of intramuscular injection of oryzanol for 5 and 10 days in the treatment of menopausal syndrome.Methods:This study adopts a case-control study method.Twenty patients with menopausal syndrome admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from July 2021 to March 2022 were selected and randomly divided into a control group and an observation group using a random number table method, with 10 patients in each group. The control group was given intramuscular injection of oryzanol once a day for 5 consecutive days on the basis of routine health education; On the basis of routine health education, the observation group was given intramuscular injection of oryzanol once a day for 10 consecutive days. Two groups of patients completed a total of 6 visits before treatment and on days 5, 10, 30, 60, and 90 of treatment. Baseline survey was conducted to record the basic information of patients, including demography data, menstruation, past history, surgical history, drug allergy and the main symptoms of climacteric syndrome, and the baseline hormone level of patients was detected. Compare the menopausal symptoms by modified K-score, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score, menopausal specific quality of life (MENQOL) score, post treatment injection site pain by visual analog score (VAS), and observe adverse reactions during treatment between the two groups of patients at each visit time point.The measurement data conforming to the normal distribution is expressed in xˉ± s. The comparison between the two groups is performed by t test, and the change trend of the two groups at each time point is compared by repeated measurement analysis of variance; The measurement data that do not conform to the normal distribution are represented by M( Q1, Q3), and the Kruskal Wallis test is used for comparison between groups; Counting data is represented by examples(%), Fisher's exact probability method is used for inter group comparison, and Wilcoxon rank sum test is used for rank data comparison. Results:The body mass of the control group was higher than that of the observation group [(62.50±11.88) kg vs (52.90±4.28) kg, t=2.40, P=0.027]. There was no statistical difference between the two groups in other demography data and previous history, sex hormone levels, menopausal symptoms, and menstrual conditions (all P>0.05). Compared with the baseline, the modified K-score, PSQI score, and MENQOL vascular dilation and contraction, psychological state, physiological state, and sexual life scores of the two groups of patients on the 5th, 10th, 30th, 60th, and 90th day of treatment were significantly reduced, and showed a gradually decreasing trend with the extension of observation time (the values in Group F were 36.37, 12.40, 18.69, 24.73, 40.77, and 18.39, respectively, P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between the groups (all P>0.05). After treatment, the VAS score of the control group was 1 point in 2 cases, 2 points in 4 cases, and 3 points in 4 cases; The VAS score of the observation group was 1 in 4 cases, 2 in 3 cases, and 3, 5, and 6 in 1 case each. There was no statistically significant difference in VAS scores between the two groups ( Z=0.43, P=0.664), and no adverse events or serious adverse events were observed during the treatment period. Conclusions:Intramuscular injection of oryzanol injection for 5 and 10 days can improve menopausal symptoms, improve sleep quality and overall quality of life in patients with menopausal syndrome, and the overall effect is similar.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 563-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991166

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease(ASCVD)frequently results in sudden death and poses a serious threat to public health worldwide.The drugs approved for the prevention and treatment of ASCVD are usually used in combination but are inefficient owing to their side effects and single therapeutic targets.Therefore,the use of natural products in developing drugs for the prevention and treatment of ASCVD has received great scholarly attention.Andrographolide(AG)is a diterpenoid lactone compound extracted from Andrographis paniculata.In addition to its use in conditions such as sore throat,AG can be used to prevent and treat ASCVD.It is different from drugs that are commonly used in the prevention and treatment of ASCVD and can not only treat obesity,diabetes,hyperlipidaemia and ASCVD but also inhibit the pathological process of atherosclerosis(AS)including lipid accumulation,inflammation,oxidative stress and cellular abnormalities by regulating various targets and pathways.However,the pharmaco-logical mechanisms of AG underlying the prevention and treatment of ASCVD have not been corrobo-rated,which may hinder its clinical development and application.Therefore,this review summarizes the physiological and pathological mechanisms underlying the development of ASCVD and the in vivo and in vitro pharmacological effects of AG on the relative risk factors of AS and ASCVD.The findings support the use of the old pharmacological compound('old bottle')as a novel drug('novel wine')for the pre-vention and treatment of ASCVD.Additionally,this review summarizes studies on the availability as well as pharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic properties of AG,aiming to provide more information regarding the clinical application and further research and development of AG.

8.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 312-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990521

ABSTRACT

Voiding dysfunction is common in children.The clinical manifestations include frequent micturition, urgent urination, micturition pain, delayed micturition, urinary incontinence, and enuresis.There may be only one symptom or multiple clinical manifestations at the same time, which is closely related to defecation dysfunction.Without timely diagnosis and treatment, in addition to affecting the quality of life, it often causes renal function damage and can even be life-threatening.Therefore, we should pay attention to the diagnosis and treatment of voiding dysfunction in children.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 129-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989911

ABSTRACT

More and more young patients survive from breast cancer with improvement of curative effect. The next challenge is to realize fertility demands of young breast cancer survivors. The safety issue, preservation of fertility and timing of pregnancy are the common focus of clinicians and patients. This review of relative researches points out that, with current evidence, pregnancy does not increase recurrence risk of young breast cancer survivors. To fulfill their wishes of being mothers, fertility protection should be included in their diagnosis and treatment, and multidisciplinary assessment of pregnancy timing is needed.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2283-2286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To build an “integration of drug storage and dispensing” intelligent drug validity management system in outpatient pharmacy, and to evaluate the effect of this system. METHODS The information technology was used to connect the drug information in the primary storage, the intelligent secondary storage and the rapid dispensing machine; an “integration of drug storage and dispensing” intelligent drug validity management system was constructed. At the same time, the implementation effects of drug validity management system in outpatient pharmacy of our hospital were evaluated one year before and after the construction of the system. RESULTS By using information technology, intelligent closed-loop management of batch number and expiration date information throughout the entire process of drug circulation in outpatient pharmacy of our hospital had been achieved, making it easy to track and trace drug information. After the establishment of the intelligent system, the time spent on managing drug validity every month was reduced from 103 people·h to 8 people·h; the number of near-expired drugs per month had decreased from (30.67±1.10)types to (17.67±1.17)types(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The intelligent drug validity management system in outpatient pharmacy based on the mode of “integration of drug storage and dispensing” makes the drug validity management in the outpatient pharmacy more scientific, reasonable and efficient.

11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1030-1046, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010827

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was reported at the end of 2019 as a worldwide health concern causing a pandemic of unusual viral pneumonia and many other organ damages, which was defined by the World Health Organization as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The pandemic is considered a significant threat to global public health till now. In this review, we have summarized the lessons learnt during the emergence and spread of SARS-CoV-2, including its prototype and variants. The overall clinical features of variants of concern (VOC), heterogeneity in the clinical manifestations, radiology and pathology of COVID-19 patients are also discussed, along with advances in therapeutic agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Global Health , China/epidemiology
12.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 238-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006122

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the causes and management of nephrostomy catheter following percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) entering the inferior vena cava. 【Methods】 A retrospective analysis was performed on the management of two cases of nephrostomy catheter entering the inferior vena cava. The causes, changes of minimally invasive treatment and prevention plans were discussed. 【Results】 Two patients underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to restore the nephrostomy tube to the renal pelvis collecting system. No renal vein rupture or bleeding occurred during the operation, and the patients’ vital signs were stable. Nephrostomy tube was removed successfully after operation. The wound healing was good, and there was no secondary hemorrhage such as perirenal hematoma. The prognosis was good. 【Conclusion】 Although intravenous nephrostomy tube misplacement is an uncommon PCNL complication, the consequences are serous. One-step retraction displacement of nephrostomy tube to the renal collecting system can effectively manage nephrostomy catheter entering the inferior vena cava.

13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1276-1281, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009881

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 6 years, attended the hospital due to global developmental delay for 6 years and recurrent fever and convulsions for 5 years. The boy was found to have delayed mental and motor development at the age of 3 months and experienced recurrent fever and convulsions since the age of 1 year, with intermittent canker sores and purulent tonsillitis. During the fever period, blood tests showed elevated white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate, which returned to normal after the fever subsides. Electroencephalography showed epilepsy, and genetic testing showed compound heterozygous mutations in the GPAA1 gene. The boy was finally diagnosed with glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis deficiency 15 (GPIBD15) and periodic fever. The patient did not respond well to antiepileptic treatment, but showed successful fever control with glucocorticoid therapy. This article reports the first case of GPIBD15 caused by GPAA1 gene mutation in China and summarizes the genetic features, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of this disease, which provides a reference for the early diagnosis and treatment of GPIBD15.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Fever , Glycosylphosphatidylinositols/genetics , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Mutation , Rare Diseases , Seizures
14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 167-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964399

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Allergic diseases can occur in all systems of the body, covering the whole life cycle, from children to adults and to old age, can be lifelong onset and even fatal in severe cases. Children account for the largest proportion of the victims of allergic disease, Children s allergies start from scratch, ranging from mild to severe, from less to more, from single to multiple systems and systemic performance, so the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in children is of great importance, which can not only prevent high risk allergic conditions from developing into allergic diseases, but also further block the process of allergy. At present, there is no consensus on the management system of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools. The "Consensus on Allergy Management and Prevention in Kindergartens and Primary Schools", which includes the organizational structure, system construction and management of allergic children, provides evidence informed recommendations for the long term comprehensive management of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools, and provides a basis for the establishment of the prevention system for allergic children.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1685-1692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978727

ABSTRACT

Long-acting analgesia is a common clinical treatment method after surgery. The slow-release injection with long-acting analgesia has the advantages of less medication frequency and stable effect. In this study, the analgesic drug lappaconitine hydrobromide lyotropic liquid crystal injection was prepared, and its sustained release mechanism, drug release and pharmacodynamic characteristics were evaluated. The results of polarizing microscope and freeze-transmission electron microscope showed that the lyotropic liquid crystal injection of the liquid crystal precursor preparation of lappaconitine hydrobromide could be obtained by the combination of glycerol monooleate (GMO) and soybean lecithin (SPC) in different proportions. The results of dissolution study in vitro showed that the drug release rate of different forms of liquid crystal preparations was layered liquid crystal > cubic liquid crystal > hexagonal liquid crystal. The mathematical model fitting results of the release data showed that the external release of layered liquid crystal, cubic liquid crystal and hexagonal liquid crystal conforms to the Ritger-Peppas model, and the release mechanism was Fick diffusion. The results of pharmacodynamics study in vivo showed that the analgesic effect of lappaconitine hydrobromide lyotropic liquid crystal injection lasted for 3 days, and there was no abnormality in the incision and local tissue, showing good safety and tolerance. The study on drug release and elimination process of the in vivo gel repository showed that lappaconitine hydrobromide could be completely released from the lyotropic liquid crystal 3 days after administration, and the sustained-release materials could be gradually eliminated locally. All animal experiments were approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 2021-08-GY-61) and the experiments were conducted in accordance with the relevant guiding principles and regulations. The lyotropic liquid crystal injection of lappaconitine hydrobromide prepared in this study presented a solution state at room temperature, and underwent phase transition in contact with the body fluid at the administration site, formed a drug depot and exerted a slow drug release effect. This preparation can reduce systemic toxicity, prolong the duration of analgesia, reduce the number of administrations, improve the compliance of postoperative patients, and provide a reference for the design of long-term sustained release analgesic preparations.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 128-141, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971688

ABSTRACT

Cardiac-resident macrophages (CRMs) play important roles in homeostasis, cardiac function, and remodeling. Although CRMs play critical roles in cardiac regeneration of neonatal mice, their roles are yet to be fully elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes of CRMs during cardiac ontogeny and analyze the phenotypic and functional properties of CRMs in the promotion of cardiac regeneration. During mouse cardiac ontogeny, four CRM subsets exist successively: CX3CR1+CCR2-Ly6C-MHCII- (MP1), CX3CR1lowCCR2lowLy6C-MHCII- (MP2), CX3CR1-CCR2+Ly6C+MHCII- (MP3), and CX3CR1+CCR2-Ly6C-MHCII+ (MP4). MP1 cluster has different derivations (yolk sac, fetal liver, and bone marrow) and multiple functions population. Embryonic and neonatal-derived-MP1 directly promoted cardiomyocyte proliferation through Jagged-1-Notch1 axis and significantly ameliorated cardiac injury following myocardial infarction. MP2/3 subsets could survive throughout adulthood. MP4, the main population in adult mouse hearts, contributed to inflammation. During ontogeny, MP1 can convert into MP4 triggered by changes in the cellular redox state. These findings delineate the evolutionary dynamics of CRMs under physiological conditions and found direct evidence that embryonic and neonatal-derived CRMs regulate cardiomyocyte proliferation. Our findings also shed light on cardiac repair following injury.

17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970986

ABSTRACT

Patients with congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) manifest diverse symptoms from normospermia to azoospermia. Treatment for CUAVD patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) is complicated, and there is a lack of relevant reports. In this study, we describe the clinical features and evaluate the treatments and outcomes of CUAVD patients with OA. From December 2015 to December 2020, 33 patients were diagnosed as CUAVD with OA in Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai, China). Patient information, ultrasound findings, semen analysis, hormone profiles, and treatment information were collected, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated. Of 33 patients, 29 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Vasoepididymostomy (VE) or cross VE was performed in 12 patients, the patency rate was 41.7% (5/12), and natural pregnancy was achieved in one of the patients. The other 17 patients underwent testicular sperm extraction as the distal vas deferens (contralateral side) was obstructed. These findings showed that VE or cross VE remains an alternative treatment for CUAVD patients with OA, even with a relatively low rate of patency and natural pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Male , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Azoospermia/surgery , Epididymis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , China , Semen
18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 189-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970736

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the thermal environment of different types of public places and the thermal comfort of employees, so as to provide scientific basis for the establishment of microclimate standards and health supervision requirements. Methods: From June 2019 to December 2021, 50 public places (178 times) of 8 categories in Wuxi were selected, including hotels, swimming pools (gymnasiums), bathing places, shopping malls (supermarkets), barber shops, beauty shops, waiting rooms (bus station) and gyms. In summer and winter, microclimate indicators such as temperature and wind speed were measured in all kinds of places, combined with the work attire and physical activity of employees in the places. Fanger thermal comfort equation and center for the built environment (CBE) thermal comfort calculation tool were used to evaluate the predicted mean vote (PMV), predicted percent dissatisfied (PPD) and standard effective temperature (SET) according to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 55-2020. The modification effects of seasonal and temperature control conditions on thermal comfort were analyzed. The consistency of GB 37488-2019 "Hygienic Indicators and Limits in Public Places" and ASHRAE 55-2020 evaluation results on thermal environment was compared. Results: The thermal sensation of hotel, barber shop staff and the gym front-desk staff were moderate, while the thermal sensation of swimming place lifeguard, bathing place cleaning staff and gym trainer were slightly warm in summer and winter. Waiting room (bus station) cleaning and working staff, shopping mall staff felt slightly warm in summer and moderate in winter. Service staff in bathing places felt slightly warm in winter, while staff in beauty salons felt slightly cool in winter. The thermal comfort compliance of hotel cleaning staff and shopping mall staff in summer was lower than that in winter (χ(2)=7.01, 7.22, P=0.008, 0.007). The thermal comfort compliance of shopping mall staff in the condition of air conditioning off was higher than that in the condition of air conditioning on (χ(2)=7.01, P=0.008). The SET values of front-desk staff in hotels with different health supervision levels were significantly different (F=3.30, P=0.024). The PPD value and SET value of the front-desk staff, and the PPD value of cleaning staff of hotels above three stars were lower than those of hotels below three stars (P<0.05). The thermal comfort compliance of front-desk staff and cleaning staff in hotels above three stars was higher than that in hotels below three stars (χ(2)=8.33, 8.09, P=0.016, 0.018). The consistency of the two criteria was highest among waiting room (bus station) staff (100.0%, 1/1) and lowest among gym front-desk staff (0%, 0/2) and waiting room (bus station) cleaning staff (0%, 0/1) . Conclusion: There are different degrees of thermal discomfort in different seasons, under the condition of air conditioning and health supervision, and the microclimate indicators can not fully reflect the thermal comfort of human body. The health supervision of microclimate should be strengthened, the applicability of health standard limit value should be evaluated in many aspects, and the thermal comfort of occupational group should be improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temperature , Cold Temperature , Air Conditioning , Wind , Seasons
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 577-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the gene expression characteristics of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with high altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) in Naxi residents living in Lijiang, Yunnan, and to explore the underlying pathogenesis and value for potential drug selection. Methods: This is a case-control study. Six patients with HPAH (HPAH group) and 4 normal subjects (control group) were selected from the Naxi residents who originally lived in Lijiang, Yunnan Province. The general clinical data of the two groups were collected, and the related indexes of pulmonary artery pressure were collected. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the subjects were collected for RNA sequencing. The differences on gene expression, regulatory network of transcription factors and drug similarity between the two groups were compared. The results were compared with the public data of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Biological processes and signal pathways were analyzed and compared between HPAH and IPAH patients. Results: The age of 6 patients with HAPH was (68.1±8.3) years old, and there were 2 males (2/6). The age of 4 subjects in the control group was (62.3±10.9) years old, and there were 2 males (2/4). Tricuspid regurgitation velocity, tricuspid pressure gradient and pulmonary systolic pressure in HAPH group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). The results of RNA sequencing showed that compared with the control group, 174 genes were significantly upregulated and 169 genes were downregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HAPH group. These differentially expressed genes were associated with 220 biological processes, 52 molecular functions and 23 cell components. A total of 21 biological processes and 2 signal pathways differed between HPAH and IPAH groups, most of which were related to inflammation and immune response. ZNF384, SP1 and STAT3 were selected as highly correlated transcription factors by transcription factor prediction analysis. Trichostatin A and vorinostat were screened out as potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH by drug similarity analysis. Conclusions: There are significant differences in gene expression in peripheral blood monocytes between HAPH patients and normal population, and inflammation and immune dysfunction are the main pathogenic factors. Trichostatin A and Vorinostat are potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Altitude , Altitude Sickness/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension/genetics , Hydroxamic Acids/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/genetics , Inflammation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/pathology , Transcription Factors , Transcriptome/genetics , Vorinostat/therapeutic use
20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 416-426, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a rapidly spreading disease that has caused an extensive burden to the world. Consequently, a large number of clinical trials have examined the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating and preventing COVID-19, with coinciding proliferation of reviews summarizing these studies.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the methodological quality and evidence quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the efficacy of TCM.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#Seven electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP, Wanfang Data and SinoMed, were searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses in October 2021. Search terms such as "Chinese medicine," "Lianhua Qingwen" and "COVID-19" were used.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the efficacy of TCM treatment of COVID-19 were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews Version 2.0 (AMSTAR 2) was used to evaluate the methodological quality. The quality of evidence was graded using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Data extraction and analysis were performed by two reviewers independently.@*RESULTS@#There were 17 meta-analyses included in our overview. The intervention group was defined as TCM combined with Western medicine, while the control group was Western medicine alone. The methodological quality of all the included studies was moderate to poor. A total of 89 outcome indicators were evaluated, of which, 8 were rated as moderate quality, 39 as low quality, and 41 as very low quality. Only one outcome measure was graded as being of high quality. The moderate quality of evidence indicated that, for the treatment of COVID-19, the clinical efficacy of TCM in combination with Western medicine was better, in terms of lung recovery, rate of conversion to severe/critical cases, symptom scores, duration of symptoms, mortality, and length of hospital stay.@*CONCLUSION@#Evidence from the included studies shows that, compared with conventional Western medical therapy alone, the addition of TCM to COVID-19 treatment may improve clinical outcomes. Overall, the quality of evidence of TCM for COVID-19 was moderate to poor. Meta-analyses of the use of TCM in the treatment of COVID-19 can be used for clinical decision making by accounting for the experiences of clinical experts, medical policies, and other factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
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