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1.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 449-455, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811743

ABSTRACT

@#The study aims to investigate different pharmacokinetic profilesof anthraquinones after oral administration of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Niuhuang Jiedu Tablets(NHJDT)in rats, respectively. Rats were administrated with 96 mg/kg of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma(1. 83 mg/kg of total anthraquinone, equivalent to 0. 28 mg/kg of rhein, 0. 30 mg/kg of emodin, 0. 81 mg/kg of chrysophanol, 0. 23 mg/kg of aloe-emodin and 0. 20 mg/kg of physcion)or 250 mg/kg of NHJDT(equal dose of total anthraquinone as Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, equivalent to 0. 33 mg/kg of rhein, 0. 38 mg/kg of emodin, 0. 71 mg/kg of chrysophanol, 0. 24 mg/kg of aloe-emodin and 0. 17 mg/kg of physcion), respectively. Followed by protein precipitation with methanol, the anthraquinones in plasma samples were determined by LC-MS/MS. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by WinNonlin 7. 0. The cmaxof rhein were(121±103)and(474±251)μg/L, and the AUC0-twere(275±176)and(406±194)μg ·h/L for Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and NHJDT, respectively. The cmaxof chrysophanol isomer were(2 325±1 390)and(3 580±2 169)μg/L, and the AUC0-twere(8 170±2 661)and(8 856±4 023)μg ·h/L, respectively. Emodin in very low levels was only detected in rat plasma samples after oral gavage of NHJDT. The cmax, AUC and t1/2 of rhein, as well as Vd and CL of chrysophanol isomer were observed with a much increased degree in comparison with Rhei Radix et Rhizoma counterparts. However, much shorter tmaxwas found in NHJDT group. Therefore, NHJDT with co-existing components enhanced the absorption and influenced the pharmacokinetic behaviors of active ingredients in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 30-34, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706986

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of acupoint injection of mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) on treatment of children with autistic spectrum disorders in different age groups. Methods Totally 80 cases of children with autistic spectrum disorders were divided into control group and experiment group according to random number table method, with 40 cases in each group. The control group was given structured education, ABA behavioral training, sensory integration training, and language training, 30 min for each class, 4 h each day, 5 d a week, for 5 months. At the same time, the control group was also given head needling treatment, once every other day, 3 times a week, 30 times as one treatment course, 2 courses. On the basis of the treatment of the control group, experiment group was given mNGF through acupoint injection, once every other day, 3 times a week, 10 times as one treatment course, 10 d between each treatment course, 5 courses in total. The scores of autism behavior checklist (ABC), children autism and related developmental disorders psychological education rating scale-Chinese version (C-PEP), neuropsychological development scale among children aged 0–6 years in the two groups were compared. Results Compared with before treatment, ABC scores in both group after treatment decreased significantly (P<0.05); ABC scores after treatment in children aged 18–36 months and 37–54 months in the experiment group were lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). Neuropsychological development scale scores in children aged 18–36 months and 37–54 months were better than the control group (P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, C-PEP scores of both groups increased significantly (P<0.05). There was statistical difference in the C-PEP scores in children aged 18–36 months between the two groups after treatment (P<0.05). The C-PEP scores in children aged 18–36 months increased to the highest (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupoint injection of mNGF can improve the clinical symptoms and intelligence of ASD children of all ages, but children can receive better treatment effects at younger ages.

3.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 913-916, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664531

ABSTRACT

Crohn's disease is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology .In our country , the number of Crohn's disease has increased dramatically in the past 20 years due to changes in living conditions ,diet,schedule and so on.This has attrac-ted the attention of medical workers and medical researchers .In recent years ,more and more studies have been made on the etiology ,clinical characterization,diagnosis and treatment techniques,and drug therapy of Crohn's disease.These findings enrich the understanding of Crohn's disease and promote the updating of the diagnosis and treatment of Crohn 's disease.In this paper, the research progress in the diagnosis of Crohn' s disease at home and abroad in recent years has been sorted out for reference by medical and related researchers .

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1441-1445, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641308

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of 1.8mm coaxial micro incision phacoemulsification on corneal endothelial injury and postoperative visual acuity.METHODS: Totally 145 eyes in 120 patients underwent phacoemulsification from July 2013 to July 2015 were randomly divided into observation group 60 cases (73 eyes) and control group 60 cases (72 eyes).The observation group 60 cases were given 1.8mm coaxial micro incision cataract phacoemulsification operation,while the control group were given traditional 3.2mm coaxial micro incision cataract surgery.The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA),best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),corneal thickness of incision area,incision width,incision length,macular retinal thickness,surgically induced astigmatism,corneal endothelial cell counts and complications of the two groups were compared.RESULTS: The UCVA and BCVA on 1wk after surgery of the observation group were significantly higher than the control group (t=3.604,7.109;P0.05).CONCLUSION: The 1.8mm micro incision phacoemulsification is helpful to improve the visual acuity of patients with cataract phacoemulsification,which may be related to the reduction of corneal cell injury,enhancement of corneal closure and decrease post-operation corneal original astigmatism.

5.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1315-1319, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359234

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of PMC therapy (Prednisone, Methotrexate, Chloroquine) combined Langchuang Fuzheng Jiedu Capsule (LFJC), thus choosing a better therapy of integrative medicine for SLE in the period of glucocorticoid use.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty active SLE patients were randomly assigned to two groups, the control group and the treatment group. Those in the control group received PMC therapy (As for Prednisone, it was given at the daily dose of 1 mg/kg till 2 weeks after the condition being stable or after 8 weeks of treatment. Then the dose was reduced by 10% every two weeks. When the dose was reduced to 0.5 mg/kg daily, it was reduced by 2.5 mg per two weeks. When the dose was reduced to 15 mg daily, the dose was reduced to 2.5 mg per four weeks. As for Methotrexate, 10 mg each time, once a week. As for Chloroquine, 100 mg each time, twice daily), while those in the treatment group received PMC therapy (the same way as that for the control group) combined with LFJC (consisting of Astragalus membranaceus 50 g, Angelica sinensis 20 g, Ligusticum Chuanxiong 20 g, prepared Rehmannia Rhizome 30 g, Herba Serissae 30 g, Centella 30 g, centipede 4 g, scorpions 10 g, nidus versace 12 g, et al., 0.5 g per pill, containing 5.7 g crude drug. When the hormone was given at a large dose, LFJC was administered at 12 pills each time, three times daily). When the hormone was given at a middle dose, LFJC was administered at 8 pills each time, three times daily. When the hormone was given at a small dose, LFJC was administered at 6 pills each time, three times daily. The treatment course was six months. The improvement of symptoms and signs between before and after treatment, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), efficacy of Chinese medical syndrome, UPro quantitation, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), complement 3 (C3), C-reactive protein (CRP), the reduction and withdrawal of hormones, and infection of the respiratory tract were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The difference in post-SLEDAI was obviously larger in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.05). The fatigue severity scale (FSS) was less after treatment than before treatment in the treatment group, showing statistical difference when compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 93.33% in the treatment group, showing statistical difference when compared with that of the control group (86.66%; chi2 = 6.736, P < 0.05). The ESR decreased after treatment in the treatment group, showing statistical difference when compared with that of the control group (P < 0.01). C3 increased after treatment in the treatment group, showing statistical difference when compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05). The hormone was reduced to (13.70 +/- 5.42) mg/d by the end of the therapeutic course in the treatment group, obviously less than that of the control group [(17.63 +/- 7.80) mg/d, P < 0.05). Seven patients suffered from secondary infection of the respiratory tract infection in the treatment group (5 from upper respiratory tract infection and 2 from lower respiratory tract infection), obviously less than those of the control group (25 from upper respiratory tract infection and 10 from lower respiratory tract infection) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PMC combined LFJC was a better treatment program for severe active SLE (SLEDAI > or = 15). It was more safe and effective when compared with using Western medicine alone. It could enhance the efficacy of hormones and help reduction/withdrawal of hormones.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Chloroquine , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Integrative Medicine , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Drug Therapy , Methotrexate , Therapeutic Uses , Phytotherapy , Methods , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 123-127, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280719

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish downstream purification procedure by which the protein of interest can be purified to higher purity rapidly and efficiently. The different combinations of various purification strategies, methods and conditions were compared, including reversed phase chromatography, metal chelating chromatography, anion exchange chromatography, blue dye affinity chromatography, filtration chromatography and so on. The results showed that in reversed phase chromatography, isolated protein of interest was denatured and precipitated immediately after chromatography because methanol or acetonitrile were adopted as the organic phase. In blue dye affinity chromatography expecting to purify the protein of interest in one step, protein of interest was difficultly differentiated from mixed protein as much proteins bound to the chromatography media by non-specific affinity. While there is a translation-enhancing sequence T7-g10 in the PRSETA-B7-2-PE40KDEL expression vector, so it adds 6 histidines to the N terminus of the protein of interest, this allows to purify the protein of interest by metal chelating chromatography. Based on this characteristic, a three-step chromatography line including metal chelating chromatography, anion exchange chromatography and filtration chromatography was finally established after repeated experiments. By this way the purity of protein of interest reached 95% and the total recovery rate was 8%. The result of Western blot indicated that the expressed and purified recombinant B7-2-PE40KDEL could specifically bind with mAb against human B7-2 and multiple antibody against PEA. The cytotoxicity of the recombinant toxin tested by MTT method showed that the B7-2-PE40KDEL could selectively kill Jurkat cell line expressing CD28 receptor well and had no killing effect on the Raji cell line unexpressing CD28 receptor. It is concluded that a high efficient and speedy three-step purification procedure for the purifying recombinant protein B7-2-PE40KDEL was established, and this procedure possess selective killing activity on CD28 positive T lymphocytes.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-2 Antigen , Genetics , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , CD28 Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Gene Expression , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 327-332, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258051

ABSTRACT

In order to confirm the reasonability of designed recombinant exotoxin B7-1-Linker-PE40 and B7-2-Linker-PE40, their molecular biology characteristics, such as flexibility, antigenicity, hydrophilicity, epitope and secondary structure, were predicted by using a computer software GOLDKEY. It had been found that the recombinant fusion exotoxin had kept the epitope characterstics of B7-1, B7-2 and PE40, and had not got new epitope, and the antigenicity in flexible linker was extxemely low. The linker inserted in the recombinant fusion exotoxin had low epitope, low antigenicity and high flexibility. Compared to B7-1, B7-2 and PE40, there are several amino acid residues changes in B7-1-Linker-PE40 and B7-2-Linker-PE40, respectively, which might have some effect on secondary structure of the recombinant fusion exotoxins. Western blot analysis revealed that both B7-1-Linker-PE40 and B7-2-Linker-PE40 could bind specifically with antibodies against B7-1, B7-2 and PE40, respectively. The result of Western blot was consistant with the computer prediction that the recombinant proteins retain the antigenicity and spacial structure of B7 and PE40. It is suggested that both fusion proteins designed and constructed were resonable and computer analysis would be helpful for us to study the biological activity of the recombinant fusion exotoxin B7-1-Linker-PE40 and B7-2-Linker-PE40 and construct other recombinant proteins further.

8.
Journal of Environment and Health ; (12)1993.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544485

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility for determination of chloroform and tetrachloromethane in drinking water with DB-5, Rtx-1 and DB-1 capillary columns. Methods For the mild solubility of chloroform and tetrachloromethane in drinking water, chloroform and tetrachloromethane were analysed by static headspace gas chromatography with DB-5, Rtx-1 and DB-1 capillary columns and electron capture detectorECD, external standard method was used for quantification. Results Three kinds of columns were used for determination of chloroform and tetrachloromethane,the retention time was lower than 3 min, for chloroform and tetrachloromethane the average recovery rates were 92.06%-104.95% and 78.33%-103.22% respectively, RSD were 2.06%-2.71% and 1.76%-5.59% respectively. Conclusion DB-5, Rtx-1 and DB-1 capillary columns are suitable for determination of chloroform and tetrachloromethane in drinking water.

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