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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927667

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate whether cytokine profiles and virological markers might add value in monitoring the effects of peginterferon (PEG-IFN) therapy for hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB).@*Methods@#HBeAg positive patients with CHB were treated with PEG-IFN for 48 weeks. Clinical biochemical, and HBV serological indexes, as well as cytokines, were detected at baseline and every 12 weeks.@*Results@#A total of 116 patients with CHB were enrolled in this study; 100 patients completed the 48-week treatment and follow-up, of whom 38 achieved serum HBeAg disappearance, 25 achieved HBeAg seroconversion, 37 showed HBsAg decreases ≥ 1 log 10 IU/mL, 9 showed HBsAg disappearance, and 8 became HBsAb positive. The cytokine levels at baseline and during treatment were similar between the HBeAg disappearance group and non-disappearance group. The disappearance of HBeAg was independently associated with HBeAg levels at weeks 12 and 24, and with the HBeAg decline at week 24 ( P < 0.05). The HBsAg response was independently associated with HBsAg, the HBsAg decline, HBeAg, the HBeAg decline at week 12, and HBsAg at week 24 ( P< 0.05).@*Conclusion@#There was no significant correlation between the response to interferon (IFN) and cytokines during PEG-IFN treatment. The changes in virological markers predicted the response to IFN after 48 weeks.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Cytokines , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 33-40, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#BK polyomavirus (BKPyV)-associated nephropathy (BKPyVAN) is an important cause of dysfunction and failure of renal transplants. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of morning urine specific gravity (MUSG) in diagnosing BKPyVAN in kidney transplant recipients.@*METHODS@#A total of 87 patients, including 27 with BKPyVAN, 22 with isolated BKPyV viruria, 18 with T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR), and 20 with stable graft function, were enrolled in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from March 2015 to February 2017. MUSG at biopsy and during a follow-up period of 24 months after biopsy was collected and analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the ability of MUSG to discriminate BKPyVAN.@*RESULTS@#At biopsy, the MUSG of BKPyVAN group (1.008 ± 0.003) was significantly lower than that of isolated BK viruria group (1.013 ± 0.004, P < 0.001), TCMR group (1.011 ± 0.003, P = 0.027), and control group (1.014 ± 0.006, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in MUSG among the isolated BK viruria group, TCMR group, and control group (P = 0.253). In BKPyVAN group, the timing and trend of MUSG elevate were consistent with the timing and trend of the decline of viral load in urine and plasma, reaching a statistical difference at 3 months after treatment (1.012 ± 0.003, P < 0.001) compared with values at diagnosis. ROC analysis indicated that the optimal cut-off value of MUSG for diagnosis of BKPyVAN was 1.009, with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.803 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.721-0.937). For differentiating BKPyVAN and TCMR, the optimal MUSG cut-off value was 1.010, with an AUC of 0.811 (95% CI: 0.687-0.934).@*CONCLUSION@#Combined detection of MUSG and BKPyV viruria is valuable for predicting BKPyVAN and distinguishing BKPyVAN from TCMR in renal transplant recipients.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 388-394, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#BK virus-associated nephropathy (BKVN) is an important cause of chronic allograft dysfunction. The objective of our study was to evaluate the prognosis of BKVN.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the data of 133 renal transplant recipients with BKVN treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University between July 2007 and July 2017. BK viral loads, graft function, and pathologic indexes were compared between initial diagnosis and last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#After a mean follow-up period of 14.4 (range, 0.3-109.6) months after diagnosis of BKVN, BK viruria, and BK viremia become negative in 19.5% and 90.2% of patients, respectively. The mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at last follow-up was lower than at diagnosis of BKVN (18.3 ± 9.2 vs. 32.8 ± 20.6 mL·min·1.73 m, t = 7.426, P < 0.001). Eight (6.0%) patients developed acute rejection after reducing immunosuppression. At last follow-up, the eGFR was significantly lower in patients with subsequent rejection than those without (21.6 ± 9.8 vs. 33.5 ± 20.9 mL·min·1.73 m, t = 3.034, P = 0.011). In 65 repeat biopsies, SV40-T antigen staining remained positive in 40 patients and became negative in the other 20 patients. The eGFR (42.6 ± 14.3 vs. 26.5 ± 12.3 mL·min·1.73 m), urine viral loads (median, 1.3 × 10vs. 1.4 × 10 copies/mL), and plasma viral load (median, 0 vs. 0 copies/mL) were all significantly lower in patients with negative SV40-T antigen staining than those with persistent BK involvement (all, P < 0.05). Five (3.8%) recipients lost their graft at diagnosis of BKVN, and 13 (9.8%) lost their graft during the follow-up period. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year graft survival rates after diagnosis of BKVN were 99.2%, 90.7%, and 85.7%, respectively. Higher pathologic stage correlated with lower allograft survival rate (χ = 6.341, P = 0.042).@*CONCLUSION@#Secondary rejection and persistent histologic infection in BKVN lead to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , BK Virus , Child , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Graft Rejection , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Polyomavirus Infections , Retrospective Studies , Viral Load , Viremia , Young Adult
4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 530-535, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753541

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the coding sequences (CDS) of Yersinia pestis D106004 strain from Yulong County in Yunnan Province and Z176003 strain from Qing-Tibet Plateau in order to find the differences between their genomes and the genetic characteristics. Methods The CDS of Yersinia pestis D106004 strain and Z176003 strain were searched and compared by BLAST. Twenty-two differential CDS were selected to design 22 pairs of primers. PCR amplification was carried out in 119 representative plague strains from different isolation sources (natural foci of Himalayan marmot plague in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, natural foci of Apodemus chevrieri and Eothenomys miletus plague in Yunnan), time span of about 50 years, and distribution in six ecological types including Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu and Yunnan, and PCR products were sequenced and verified. The strains were all from the State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Results In 119 representative plague strains of 6 ecological types, the cumulative sequence length of 22 differential CDS PCR amplification products was 2.13 × 106 bp. Among the 119 representative plague strains in the foci of Yulong D106004 strain and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Z176003 strain, 22 differential CDS had high homology, there was no difference in 78.2% (2047/2618) sequences of differential CDS, and 21.8% (571/2618) sequences had three types of gene mutations ( deletion , missense and frameshift mutations). The characteristics of the differences were stable in the 6 ecological plague strains of the foci, and they were divided into 6 geographical distributions. Conclusion Yulong D106004 strain and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Z176003 strain have high homology, close genetic relationship, and little difference in genome, but the genetic characteristics of different ecotype strains are stable.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Investigate the influence of benazepril and amlodipine on the expression of secretin (PZ) and somatostatin (SS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).@*METHODS@#Forty-five SHRs (14 weeks old, male) were randomly assigned into 3 groups (=15):SHR group, Benazepril group (which was given benazepril 0.90 mg·kg·d) and Amlodipine group (SHRs were given amlodipine 0.45 mg· kg·d), taking WistarKyoto(WKY) as normal control (=15), meanwhile, rats in SHR group and WKY group were given the same volume of distilled water. After 8 weeks of intervention, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay and RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#After 8 weeks of intervention, compared with the WKY group, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was increased significantly in SHR group (<0. 05). Compared with SHR group, the expression of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was decreased significantly in Benazepril group and Amlodipine group (<0.05). Compared with Benazepril group, in Amlodipine group the expression of PZ mRNA in duodenum and SS mRNA in sinuses ventriculi was decreased more significantly (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The regulation disorder of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi exists in SHR. The antihypertensive effect of benazepril and amlodipine may be realized by regulating the expression of PZ and SS, while the regulation of amlodipine is more obvious than benazepril.


Subject(s)
Amlodipine , Pharmacology , Animals , Antihypertensive Agents , Pharmacology , Benzazepines , Pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Male , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Secretin , Metabolism , Somatostatin , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666386

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide herbalist basis for development of resource-related varieties through the study of herbal textual research of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai, alias and source of production. Methods Description of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai and its alias from the ancient herbal books was analyzed. Literature was searched to clarify modern research and conduct analysis. Results Ancient herbal textual records of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai was not clear enough. The first records about Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai started from late Qing Dynasty, from which the source of production, medicinal parts, alias, harvest processing, efficacy and application of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were summed up. Conclusion Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai is the dry roots of Aconitum from Ranunculaceae, which has good medicinal prospects and development value, and can provide basis and guidance for the late clinical application and research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661198

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the routine examination of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai and determine the contents of lappacontine and ranaconitine; To provide basis for establishing the quality standard of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.Methods Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were collected from different areas.A method of TLC was used for qualitative discrimination. The methods in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia were adopted for the determination of moisture content, ash content and extractives. Determination of lappacontine and ranaconitine were performed by HPLC. Results The TLC showed that the spots were clear and the separation was good. Individual provisional standards:the moisture,total ash and acid-insoluble ash content of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not more than 11.0%, 12.0%, and 7.0%, respectively; water soluble and alcohol soluble extractives were not less than 18.2% and 10.6%,respectively.The content of ranaconitine and lappacontine in Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not less than 0.125% and 0.815%, respectively. Conclusion The method established by the study is accurate and reliable,and can be used for quality evaluation of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe influence of benazepril combined trimetazidine on blood levels of follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1)and platelet activating factor (PAF)and vascular endothelial function in patients with coronary heart dis-ease (CHD)complicated heart failure (HF).Methods:A total of 120 CHD patients with chronic heart failure were selected from our hospital.They were randomly and equally divided into benazepril group and combined treatment group (received benazepril combined trimetazidine therapy),both groups were treated for six months.Serum Blood levels of N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP),FSTL1 and PAF,endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs)count and fore brachial artery endothelium dependent diastolic-systolic function (FMD)before and after treatment were measured and compared between two groups.Results:Compared with before treatment,there were significant rise in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),6min walking distance (6MWD),EPCs and FMD,and significant reductions in serum levels of NT-proBNP,FSTL1 and PAF after treatment in two groups,P <0.05 or <0.01;compared with benazepril group,there were significant rise in LVEF [(41.94±9.19)% vs.(46.15±10.04)%], 6MWD [(333.94±58.29)m vs.(383.14±77.84)m],EPCs [(0.059±0.029)pg/ml vs.(0.083±0.014)pg/ml]and FMD [(7.53±2.02)% vs.(8.24±1.42)%],and significant reductions in serum levels of NT-proBNP [(2.74±0.69) ng/ml vs.(2.05±0.34)ng/ml],FSTL1 [(5.38±1.29)ng/ml vs.(4.64±0.84)ng/ml]and PAF [(5.16±0.92)μg/ml vs.(4.20±1.05)μg/ml]in combined treatment group,P <0.05 or <0.01.Conclusion:Benazepril combined trimeta-zidine can effectively reduce blood levels of NT-proBNP,FSTL1 and PAF,and promote vascular endothelial function re-covery in patients with coronary heart disease complicated chronic heart failure.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658292

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the routine examination of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai and determine the contents of lappacontine and ranaconitine; To provide basis for establishing the quality standard of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.Methods Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were collected from different areas.A method of TLC was used for qualitative discrimination. The methods in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia were adopted for the determination of moisture content, ash content and extractives. Determination of lappacontine and ranaconitine were performed by HPLC. Results The TLC showed that the spots were clear and the separation was good. Individual provisional standards:the moisture,total ash and acid-insoluble ash content of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not more than 11.0%, 12.0%, and 7.0%, respectively; water soluble and alcohol soluble extractives were not less than 18.2% and 10.6%,respectively.The content of ranaconitine and lappacontine in Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai were not less than 0.125% and 0.815%, respectively. Conclusion The method established by the study is accurate and reliable,and can be used for quality evaluation of Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe influence of benazepril combined trimetazidine on blood levels of follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1)and platelet activating factor (PAF)and vascular endothelial function in patients with coronary heart dis-ease (CHD)complicated heart failure (HF).Methods:A total of 120 CHD patients with chronic heart failure were selected from our hospital.They were randomly and equally divided into benazepril group and combined treatment group (received benazepril combined trimetazidine therapy),both groups were treated for six months.Serum Blood levels of N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP),FSTL1 and PAF,endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs)count and fore brachial artery endothelium dependent diastolic-systolic function (FMD)before and after treatment were measured and compared between two groups.Results:Compared with before treatment,there were significant rise in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),6min walking distance (6MWD),EPCs and FMD,and significant reductions in serum levels of NT-proBNP,FSTL1 and PAF after treatment in two groups,P <0.05 or <0.01;compared with benazepril group,there were significant rise in LVEF [(41.94±9.19)% vs.(46.15±10.04)%], 6MWD [(333.94±58.29)m vs.(383.14±77.84)m],EPCs [(0.059±0.029)pg/ml vs.(0.083±0.014)pg/ml]and FMD [(7.53±2.02)% vs.(8.24±1.42)%],and significant reductions in serum levels of NT-proBNP [(2.74±0.69) ng/ml vs.(2.05±0.34)ng/ml],FSTL1 [(5.38±1.29)ng/ml vs.(4.64±0.84)ng/ml]and PAF [(5.16±0.92)μg/ml vs.(4.20±1.05)μg/ml]in combined treatment group,P <0.05 or <0.01.Conclusion:Benazepril combined trimeta-zidine can effectively reduce blood levels of NT-proBNP,FSTL1 and PAF,and promote vascular endothelial function re-covery in patients with coronary heart disease complicated chronic heart failure.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309157

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of RhoA down-regulation by RNA interference on the invasion of tongue carcinoma Tca8113 and SCC-4.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Determination of the human RhoA sequence as well as the design and constructionof a short specific small interfering RNAs (siRNA) were performed. The siRNA of RhoA gene was transfected into humantongue squamous cell carcinoma Tca8113 and SCC-4 cells line by Lipofectamine 2000. Quantitative real-time polymerasechain reaction was used to examine the mRNA expressionlevels of RhoA. Protein expressions of mRNA, galectin-3,and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 were evaluated byWestern blot. Transwell invasion assay was performed toassess the invasion ability of tongue carcinoma.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RhoA expressions in Tca8113 and SCC-4 cells were reducedsignificantly after transfection of RhoA-siRNA. Protein levels f galectin-3 and MVP-9 were also down-regulated significantly. Invasion ability was inhibited as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RhoA-siRNA can effectively inhibit RhoA expression in Tca8113 and SCC-4 cells. The invasion ability of tongue carcinoma cells decreased with down-regulation of the protein expressions of galectin-3 and MMP-9, indicating that RhoA-siRNA can inhibit invasion of tongue carcinoma. Results show that RhoA may play an important role in the processes of invasion and metastasis of tongue carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Galectin 3 , Metabolism , Gene Silencing , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Tongue Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Transfection
13.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1396-1400, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify potentially pleiotropic genes for lean body mass ( LBM ) and age at menarche ( AAM).Methods:The discovery sample consisted of 1 692 unrelated female subjects of European ancestry.The replication sample consisted of 801 unrelated female subjects of Han Chinese ancestry.A total of 909,622 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in both samples with the Affymetrix genome-wide genotyping array SNP 6.0.Bivariate genome-wide association analyses were then performed to the appendicular LBM and AAM.Results: Two SNP rs1860547 and rs11030746 identified by the bivariate GWAS were significant at the genome-wide significance (GWS) level;their P-values were <0.05 after replications.In the upstream of rs1860547, two genes KCNA1 and KCNA5 were found to be important for both LBM and AAM.In the downstream of rs11030746, one gene KCNA4 was found.Univariate GWAS also identified both SNPs to be significant at the GWS level; their P-values were <0.05 after replications.In the upstream of rs1860547 , two genes KCNA1 and KCNA5 are found to be important for LBM.In the downstream of rs11030746 , one gene KCNA4 was found.Conclusion:KCNA1, KCNA4 and KCNA5 are likely to be pleiotropic genes closely related to both LBM and AAM in European females.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 476-481, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642843

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) characteristics of Yersinia pestis strains from different natural foci in China.Methods Genome-wide comparison was done to find SNP sites by the Mummer program among 9 Yersinia pestis genome which was downloaded from NCBI.Then 13 genic fragments including 19 SNP sites were amplified by PCR and sequenced in 133 Yersinia pestis strains,and the results were cluster analyzed with the BioNumerics software.Results Three thousand seven hundred and eighty sequence variation sites were found by genome-wide comparison.Using the different combinations of SNP sites,UPGMA cluster analysis revealed obvious geographic regional and eco-aggregation characteristics of Yersinia pestis strains isolated from China.Conclusions As relatively stable genetic markers,SNP can better reflect the genome characteristics of Yersinia pestis in different plague natural foci of China.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 14-16, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239308

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the outcomes of liver transplant recipients who received liver allografts from hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive donors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical records of 23 male patients (median age, 42.5 years; range: 29-61) who received HBsAg-(+) liver allografts in our organ transplant center were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had confirmed diagnosis of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) secondary to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, including 13 HBsAg(+)/HBeAg(-)/HBcAb(+) cases and 10 HBsAg(+)/HBeAb(+)/HBcAb(+) cases. After transplantation, all patients were administered oral entecavir and intravenous anti-hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) (2000 IU/d during the first week), along with a steroid-free immune suppression regimen. HBV-related antigen and antibody and HBV DNA were detected on post-transplantation days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 30. The liver allografts were monitored by ultrasound imaging. After discharge, monthly follow-up recorded liver function, renal function, acute rejection, infections, vascular complications, biliary complications, HBV recurrence, cancer recurrence, and patient survival.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two of the recipients died from severe perioperative pneumonia. The remaining 21 recipients were followed-up for 10 to 38 months, and all 21 patients remained HBsAg(+). One recipient developed biliary ischemia and required a second liver transplantation at five months after the primary transplantation. Three recipients (all primary) died from tumor recurrence at 9, 14, and 18 months post-transplantation, respectively. All other recipients survived and had acceptably low HBV DNA copy levels. Color Doppler imaging showed good graft function and normal texture. The patient and graft survival rates were 78.3% (18/23) and 73.9% (17/23), respectively. The recurrence rate of HBV infection was 100% (23/23). In surviving patients, no liver function abnormality, graft loss, or death was found to be related to the recurrence of HBV infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Liver transplantation using HBsAg(+) liver grafts was safe for patients with ESLD secondary to HBV infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , End Stage Liver Disease , General Surgery , Virology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Allergy and Immunology , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235519

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate genomic variations of two Chinese Yersinia pestis isolates that were isolated from different plague foci obtained from vaccine strain EV76 from the Yunnan province of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A microarray containing 12 000 probes covering the entire genome of seven Yersinia pestis and two Yersinia pseudotuberculosis strains, was used. PCR assays were performed to confirm microarray results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The gene variations detected included the absence of five genes related to the synthesis of betaine in both EV76 and another sequenced attenuated strain, KIM D27. Several genes related to phage-related membrane proteins were found to be absent in the Antiqua biovar Yunnan strain, 485, which was isolated from a rodent plague foci.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings provide initial insight into the distinct strains isolated from natural foci, within their genomic context, including Yunnan Y. pestis strains. This information will be used therefore to establish subsequent comparisons of these sequences with published complete genomes of other strains.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Methods , Genome, Bacterial , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Yersinia pestis , Genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 408-410, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426095

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the association of HLA-Cw and -DRB1 alleles with psoriasis vulgaris,and to provide a clue to the study into the etiology of psoriasis.MethodsVenous blood samples were obtained from 81 patients with psoriasis vulgaris collected during 2006-2011 at the Department of Dermatology,First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College,as well as 100 age- and gender-matched healthy controls.Both the patients and controls are unrelated Mongolia in Inner Mongolia.PCR with sequence-specific primers(PCR-SSP) technique was used to genotype the HLA-Cw and DRB1 loci.ResultsThe patients with psoriasis vulgaris showed a significantly higher frequency of HLA-Cw*06(0.438 vs.0.175,Pc < 0.01) and DRB1*07(0.241 vs.0.110,Pc < 0.012),but a lower frequency of HLA-Cw*04(0.031 vs.0.150,Pc < 0.01 ) and DRB1*04 (0.093 vs.0.235,Pc < 0.01 ) than the healthy controls did.Increased frequencies of HLA-Cw*06 and DRB1*07 alleles were observed in patients with an onset before 40 years of age and those without a family history,together with a decreased frequency of HLA-Cw*04 and DRB1*04 alleles,compared with the healthy controls(Pc < 0.05).The frequency of HLA-Cw*06 allele was significantly higher in patients with a positive family history and patients with an onset of no younger than 40 years of age than in the healthy controls (both Pc < 0.05).ConclusionsHLA-Cw*06 and -DRB1*07 alleles may be susceptibility determinants to psoriasis vulgaris,while HLA-Cw*04 and -DRB1*04 alleles may be protective factors against psoriasis vulgaris,in Mongolia from Inner Mongolia.HLA-DRB1*07 allele may be a susceptibility gene for psoriasis,while HLA-Cw*04 and -DRB1*04 alleles may be protective factors against psoriasis,in patients with an onset before 40 years of age.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 476-480, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642946

ABSTRACT

Objective Measurement and analysis of the complete genome sequences of Yersinia Pestis from a new plague natural foci and adjacent foci in China, to know the genetic relationship among the epidemic strain isolated in Yulong (D 106004) and Jianchuan strains (D 182038) and the Tibetan strain ( Z 176003 ). Methods Three complete genome sequences were sequenced using the whole-genome shotgun and Solexa method and comparative genomics analysis was done among the three sequences. Genome comparative analysis among the coding sequences was done by BLAST software, SNPs finding was done by the program, genome rearrangements were analyzed using MAUVE software. Results All of the genomes of Yersinia pestis strains D182038, D106004 and Z176003 consist of a single circular chromosome and three virulence plasmids, pMT1, pCD1 and pPCP1. They had similar characteristics in chromosome and plasmid features, and there were no significant difference in coming sequence (CDS) of the cluster of orthologous groups of proteins (COG) functional classification and the number of insertion sequence in the three strains (x2 =3.03, 0.257, all P > 0.05). The comparative genomics results showed that the three bacteria had 2882 genes with 100% homology, of 3636 genes predicted in D106004, 2994 were identical with D182038's and 3113 with Z176003's, and of which 240 had 90% homology with D182038's and 200 with Z176003 's. Synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms(sSNPs) were 59 and 68, and non-synonymous SNPs(nsSNPs) were 104 and 203 between strains D106004 and Z176003/D182038. There were 11 segments rearrangements between D106004 and Z176003, which was less than 16 segments rearrangements between D106004 and D182038. ConclusionsThe three strains are highly homologous, the Yulong strain has more similarity with Tibet strain than with Jianchuan strain, the strain from Yulong foci may be evolved from Tibet foci.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306858

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the types of subspecies of Francisella tularensis from China and to investigate the genetic relationships between F. tularensis strains from China and from other countries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten strains of F. tularensis isolated from China were amplified by using typing primers C1/C4 and RD1. On the basis of the lengths of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products, it was concluded that these strains of F. tularensis belonged to the same subspecies. At the same time, the fopA, tul4, and 16S rRNA genes of the 10 strains were amplified, and a three-gene based phylogenetic analysis was performed using the Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis software version 4.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 10 strains of F. tularensis from China were all identified as belonging to subspecies holarctica (type B). We found no direct relationship between the genotypes of F. tularensis subsp. holarctica and the geographical area from where they were isolated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The F. tularensis strains isolated from North China mainly belong to subspecies holarctica (type B). The strains of F. tularensis subsp. holarctica from China may have evolved earlier than those from Europe and North America.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Francisella tularensis , Classification , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 366-369, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273184

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the identification characteristics of rRNA genes on Yersinia (Y.)pestis.Methods By means of comparative genomics,we compared the rRNA genome sequences of nine completely sequenced strains of Y. pestis isolated from China and other countries by Clustal W software.we also compared the 2000 bp sequence adjacent to the rRNA genes,rRNA genes and 16S-23S rRNA spacer region respectively to determine the identification features of rRNA genes for Y. pestis.Results There were 6 rRNA gene clusters in the strains of D182038,D106004,Z176003 and CO92 respectively(6 copies strain).There were 7 rRNA gene clusters in the strains of 91001,KIM,Nepa1516,Antiqua and Pestoides F(7 copies strain).According to the 2000 bp sequence,13 types of rRNA gene clusters could classify the strains between the 6 copies and 7 copies.There were 4 types of tRNA gene among the 16S-23S rRNA spacer region that could classify the strains among the 6 copies and 7 copies strains respectively.The number of point mutation among the 23S rRNA gene was statistically different in some copies under ANOVA analysis(F=0.548,P=0.815>0.05 among the strains and F=5.228,P<0.01 among the copies).Conclusion The 2000 bp sequence adjacent to the rRNA genes,tRNA gene and 23S rRNA gene sequence could serve as the identification sign of rRNA genes for classifing the strains of Y. pestis.

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