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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888082

ABSTRACT

In this study, emotional stress-induced herpes simplex virus type 1(HSV-1) susceptibility model was employed to simu-late the pathological state of " depression-induced liver fire", and the protection effect of Qingre Xiaoyanning(QX) in clearing liver fire was investigated. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a HSV-1 group, a restraint stress + HSV-1 group,low-(0. 658 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(1. 316 g·kg~(-1)) QX groups, and an acyclovir group. Except for the normal group and the HSV-1 group, the mice in other groups received daily restraint stress for 6 h from day 3 of medication. On day 9 of medication, mice were anesthetized by isoflurane and infected intranasally with HSV-1. Survival rate, weight change, encephalitis symptoms, and eye injury of mice were recorded for 14 d after virus infection. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect pathological changes and HSV-1 antigen distribution. Plaque assay was performed to detect the titer of HSV-1. The protein ex-pression of ICP27 in the mouse brain was detected by Western blot. The experimental results showed that QX could increase the survival rate of HSV-1-infected mice loaded with emotional stress(P<0. 001), reduce the titer of HSV-1 in the mouse brain(P<0. 01), relieve brain inflammation(P<0. 05) and eye injury(P<0. 05), down-regulate the expression of ICP27 related to HSV-1(P<0. 05), and decrease the distribution of HSV-1 antigen in the mouse brain. The results demonstrated that QX significantly reduced the susceptibility to HSV-1 induced by emotional stress, which is expected to provide a theoretical basis for the treatment and preven-tion of HSV-1 infection and promote the clinical development and application of Chinese medicine effective in clearing liver fire.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Herpes Simplex , Herpesvirus 1, Human , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psychological Distress
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2154-2163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887040

ABSTRACT

The biochemical integrity of the brain is necessary to maintain normal function. Oxidative damage is one of the mortal important reasons leading to the destruction of this integrity. The nervous system is enriched in phospholipid and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Due to the nature of high oxygen-consumption and rich lipids, brain is particularly vulnerable to oxidative damages. Phospholipid peroxidation is one of the results of imbalance in oxidation-antioxidant system. Once the antioxidant system is insufficient to resist oxidative damage, membrane phospholipids will be prone to free radical attack. Phospholipid peroxidation leads to a variety of toxic oxidation products, including membrane damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, rapid accumulation of amyloid, etc. Multiple proteins and nucleic acids can be covalently modified by peroxidation products, resulting in the loss of the protein functions, which eventually triggers programmed cell death and general neuroinflammation in brain, and ends up with an increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative diseases. Based on the knowledge of mechanisms of phospholipid peroxidation, this review focuses on the characteristics of phospholipid peroxidation as a key factor in the development of neurodegenerative diseases, in order to provide theoretical basis for targeted intervention of phospholipid peroxidation as a potential strategy to prevent neurodegenerative diseases.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884606

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy and safety of Hassab operation combined with either radiofrequency ablation(RFA) or liver resection in treatment of liver cancer associated with portal hypertension.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of patients with primary liver cancer associated with portal hypertension operated at the Department of General Surgery of Beijing Ditan Hospital from June 2013 to June 2015. These patients were divided into the RFA combined with Hassab operation group and the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group according to the surgical procedures. The general patient information, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications and the 1-, 3-, and 5-years cumulative survival rates and recurrence-free survival rates were compared.Results:Of 53 patients who were included in the study, 30 patients were in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group (including 28 males and 2 females, average age 46.3 (27.0~64.0) years, and 23 patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group (including 20 males and 3 females), average age 44.7(33.0~59.0) years. There were no significant differences in the general patient information including age, gender, maximum tumor diameter, preoperative laboratory tests (including blood routine, liver function, tumor markers), and Child-Pugh classification between the two groups (all P>0.05). Intraoperative blood loss in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group was significantly less than those in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group [(401.67±183.12) ml vs (552.17±333.88) ml, P<0.05]. There were also no significant differences between the two groups in operation time, blood transfusion during operation, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complications ( P>0.05). The incidence of severe postoperative complications (Clavein-Dindo grade ≥ IIIb) in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group was 47.8% (11/23), which was significantly higher than the 20.0% (6/30) in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group ( P<0.05). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates of patients in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group were 82.8%, 49.9%, and 33.2%, respectively, while the corresponding survival rates of patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group were 81.0%, 58.2%, 43.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The recurrence-free survival rates of patients in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group at 1-, 3-, and 5-years after surgery were 79.2%, 38.8%, and 21.6%, respectively. The corresponding recurrence-free survival rates of patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group were 76.4%, 41.7%, and 27.8%, respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:RFA combined with Hassab operation was safe and efficacious to treat primary liver cancer associated with portal hypertension.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882395

ABSTRACT

Hematoma enlargement is a common harmful event after cerebral hemorrhage, which can lead to deterioration of neurological function and poor outcome. Early detection of high-risk patients can help prevent hematoma enlargement and improve the outcome of patients. Although the exact mechanism of hematoma enlargement is unclear, more and more evidence shows that many imaging signs may be related to hematoma enlargement, such as dot sign, mixed sign, black hole sign, island sign, etc. This article mainly reviews the relevant imaging prediction factors of hematoma enlargement from the perspective of imaging.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 383-398, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793001

ABSTRACT

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), a neurotropic herpes virus, is able to establish a lifelong latent infection in the human host. Following primary replication in mucosal epithelial cells, the virus can enter sensory neurons innervating peripheral tissues nerve termini. The viral genome is then transported to the nucleus where it can be maintained without producing infectious progeny, and thus latency is established in the cell. Yin-Yang balance is an essential concept in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory. Yin represents stable and inhibitory factors, and Yang represents the active and aggressive factors. When the organism is exposed to stress, especially psychological stress caused by emotional stimulation, the Yin-Yang balance is disturbed and the virus can re-engage in productive replication, resulting in recurrent diseases. Therefore, a better understanding of the stress-induced susceptibility to HSV-1 primary infection and reactivation is needed and will provide helpful insights into the effective control and treatment of HSV-1. Here we reviewed the recent advances in the studies of HSV-1 susceptibility, latency and reactivation. We included mechanisms involved in primary infection and the regulation of latency and described how stress-induced changes increase the susceptibility to primary and recurrent infections.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 697-702, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863411

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immunotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma has gradually become a hot spot in clinical research. The characteristic of its immunotherapy is to stimulate specific immune response, enhance the immune rejection of tumors, inhibit and kill tumor cells, thereby reducing the possibility of tumor recurrence and metastasis. A large number of previous experimental studies have shown that immunotherapy has the potential advantages of monotherapy or combination therapy in the treatment of primary liver cancer. As we all know, whether it is to kill tumor cells in the short term or to control tumor recurrence in the long term, the necessary condition for immune drugs to work is a healthy immune environment. This article reviews the immune microenvironment in patients with liver cancer and the changes in the tumor immune microenvironment after various operations or treatments. It provides references for exploring mutually synergistic treatment plans for liver cancer, and hopes to help improve the prognosis of these patients.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2323-2338, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881114

ABSTRACT

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a ubiquitous and widespread human pathogen, which gives rise to a range of diseases, including cold sores, corneal blindness, and encephalitis. Currently, the use of nucleoside analogs, such as acyclovir and penciclovir, in treating HSV-1 infection often presents limitation due to their side effects and low efficacy for drug-resistance strains. Therefore, new anti-herpetic drugs and strategies should be urgently developed. Here, we reported that baicalein, a naturally derived compound widely used in Asian countries, strongly inhibited HSV-1 replication in several models. Baicalein was effective against the replication of both HSV-1/F and HSV-1/Blue (an acyclovir-resistant strain)

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of Arisaema Rhizoma and Pinelliae Pedatisectae Rhizoma on water metabolism and hemorheolog in rats. Method:A total of 50 healthy SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, namely normal group, high-dose Arisaema Rhizoma group (1.2 g·kg·d-1), low-dose Arisaema Rhizoma group (1.2 g·kg·d-1), high-dose Pinelliae Pedatisectae Rhizoma group (1.2 g·kg·d-1) and low dose Pinelliae Pedatisectae Rhizoma group (0.3 g·kg·d-1), with 10 rats in each group. The effects of Arisaema Rhizoma and Pinelliae Pedatisectae Rhizoma on water metabolism and hemorheology were compared, with the micturition index, fecal volume, fecal water content, pathological morphology of submandibular gland, aquaporin (AQP2) content in kidney, adenosine cyclic 3′,5′-(hydrogen phosphate)/current good manufacture practices (cAMP/cGMP) and Na+-K+-ATP enzyme content in serum as the evaluation indexes of water metabolism, and the whole blood viscosity (WBV) and erythrocyte aggregation index (RE) as the evaluation indexes of hemorheolog. Result:Compared with normal group, the fecal volume, fecal water content and AQP2 expression decreased significantly, acinus of submandibular gland were atrophied, micturition index, cAMP/cGMP and Na+-K+-ATP enzyme content in serum were increased significantly, WBV and RE were increased significantly in high-dose Arisaema Rhizoma and Pinelliae Pedatisectae Rhizoma groups(P<0.05), but with no significant difference between them. Conclusion:High-dose Arisaema Rhizoma and Pinelliae Pedatisectae Rhizoma groups had significant effects on water metabolism and hemorheology in rats, suggesting that attention shall be given to the safety of Arisaema Rhizoma and Pinelliae Pedatisectae Rhizoma. And this study provides a theoretical basis for the rational use of the two traditional Chinese medicines in clinic.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1627-1633, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823324

ABSTRACT

In this study, the model of Propionibacterium acnes/lipopolysaccharide (P. acnes/LPS)-induced acute liver injury in mice was employed to investigate the protective effects of Fuzheng Yanggan Fomula (FYF) on acute liver injury. The effects of FYF on the contents of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the serum, and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and glutathione (GSH) were examined in the livers of mice treated with P. acnes/LPS; The protein expression levels of Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (caspase-1), and IL-1β in liver tissues were detected by Western blot; Furthermore, hematoxylinendash-eosin (HE) staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining, and immunohistochemical assay were used to observe pathological changes, apoptosis index, and inflammation infiltration of the liver tissue sections. All animal welfare and experimental procedures were followed by the Animal Ethics Committee of Jinan University. We conclude that FYF could alleviate P. acnes/LPS induced pathological damage and inflammatory infiltration in the liver of mice. Meanwhile, FYF decreases the contents of ALT, AST, IL-1β, and MDA, increases the contents of ORAC and GSH, and downregulates the expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β proteins. Collectively, these findings suggested that FYF could alleviate P. acnes/LPS induced acute liver injury in mice by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, which provides a theoretical basis and a new drug target for the prevention and treatment of liver injury.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828665

ABSTRACT

This article reported the clinical characteristics and SRD5A2 gene mutation pattern of a child with steroid 5-α reductase type 2 deficiency. The 2-month-old boy showed hypospadias and short penis shortly after birth. DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of the child and his parents. The endocrine disease-related genes were captured and sequenced by high-throughput sequencing technology, and the family DNA samples were verified by Sanger sequencing. The results showed that c.680G>A(p.R227Q) and c.608G>A(p.G203D) compound heterozygous mutations existed in the SRD5A2 gene of the child. The c.680G>A mutation inherited from his father, which was a known pathogenic mutation. The c.608G>A mutation originated from his mother, which was a novel mutation discovered in this study. These results provide molecular evidence for the etiological diagnosis of the child and genetic counseling for the family, as well as extend the mutation spectrum of SRD5A2 gene.


Subject(s)
3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Base Sequence , Child , Female , Humans , Hypospadias , Infant , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Mutation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798204

ABSTRACT

Deafness is a disabling disease that seriously affects the quality of human life.In China, the incidence of congenital deafness in newborns is 1‰~3‰.Studies have shown that at least 50% of congenital deafness is caused by environmental factors.Congenital infection of cytomegalovirus is one important infectious factor causing neonatal diseases and congenital malformations, and it is also the main cause of deafness and mental retardation.Among the sequelae caused by congenital cytomegalovirus infection, sensorineural hearing loss(SNHL) is the most common.This article reviews the progresses of the relationship between human cytomegalovirus and deafness.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 765-772, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796925

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitor and insulin on renal interstitial macrophage infiltration in mice with type 2 diabetic kidney disease (DKD) mice.@*Methods@#Twenty-four male C57BL/6 mice were selected. After 1 week of adaptive feeding, 6 rats were randomly selected as the control group. The other mice were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (30 mg/kg) after 8 weeks of high-fat and high-sugar feeding. After 72 h, the type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) models were successfully established if random blood glucose was greater than 16.7 mmol/L. After 8 weeks, if the proteinuria of DM mice increased, the DKD models were successful. DKD mice were divided into 3 groups by random number remainder method: DKD group (n=6), DKD+insulin group (insulin group, n=6, subcutaneous injection of 1-2 U/d insulin) and DKD+IGF-1R inhibitor (IGF-1R inhibitor group, n=6, administered with 30 mg·kg-1·d-1 IGF-1R inhibitor). They were continuously treated for 8 weeks. Random blood glucose was tested by glucometer. Blood and urine were collected, and biochemical indicators, such as serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and urine protein were measured by biochemical analyzer. Renal pathological changes were detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) and periodic acid-schiff staining (PAS). Suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) mRNA and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) mRNA were detected by in situ hybridization. The protein expressions of SOCS2, F4/80, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and CD68 were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#Compared with the control group, blood glucose, serum creatinine, serum urea nitrogen and urinary protein excretion rate were significantly higher in DKD mice (all P<0.05), and CD68+ cells number, F4/80+ cells number and the expression of TLR4 in the tubulointerstitial of DKD mice were significantly higher (all P<0.05). After intervention with insulin or IGF-1R inhibitor, serum creatinine, serum urea nitrogen and urinary protein excretion rate of DKD mice were significantly reduced (all P<0.05). Insulin intervention could significantly reduce blood glucose in mice (P<0.05), but had no significant effect on macrophages. Although IGF-1R inhibitor did not significantly reduce blood glucose, it could significantly reduce the number of CD68, F4/80 positive cells and the expression of TLR4 protein in renal interstitium of DKD mice (all P<0.05). Compared with the DKD group, insulin intervention significantly reduced the expression of IGF-1 protein and mRNA (both P<0.01), and increased the expression of SOCS2 mRNA and protein (both P<0.01). And the expression of SOCS2 protein was correlated with the number of F4/80+ cells in insulin group (R2=0.8461, P=0.005). However, IGF-1R inhibitors had no significant effect on SOCS2 expression, but had better inhibition of macrophage infiltration.@*Conclusion@#IGF-1R inhibitor has a better inhibitory effect on DKD renal interstitial macrophage infiltration than insulin. The mechanism may be related to the fact that IGF-1R inhibitor does not up-regulate SOCS2 expression, whereas insulin up-regulates SOCS2 expression to activate some potential pathways.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 765-772, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791957

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitor and insulin on renal interstitial macrophage infiltration in mice with type 2 diabetic kidney disease (DKD) mice. Methods Twenty-four male C57BL/6 mice were selected. After 1 week of adaptive feeding, 6 rats were randomly selected as the control group. The other mice were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (30 mg/kg) after 8 weeks of high-fat and high-sugar feeding. After 72 h, the type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) models were successfully established if random blood glucose was greater than 16.7 mmol/L. After 8 weeks, if the proteinuria of DM mice increased, the DKD models were successful. DKD mice were divided into 3 groups by random number remainder method: DKD group (n=6), DKD+insulin group (insulin group, n=6, subcutaneous injection of 1-2 U/d insulin) and DKD+IGF-1R inhibitor (IGF-1R inhibitor group, n=6, administered with 30 mg·kg-1·d-1 IGF-1R inhibitor). They were continuously treated for 8 weeks. Random blood glucose was tested by glucometer. Blood and urine were collected, and biochemical indicators, such as serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and urine protein were measured by biochemical analyzer. Renal pathological changes were detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) and periodic acid-schiff staining (PAS). Suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) mRNA and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) mRNA were detected by in situ hybridization. The protein expressions of SOCS2, F4/80, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and CD68 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results Compared with the control group, blood glucose, serum creatinine, serum urea nitrogen and urinary protein excretion rate were significantly higher in DKD mice (all P<0.05), and CD68+ cells number, F4/80+ cells number and the expression of TLR4 in the tubulointerstitial of DKD mice were significantly higher (all P<0.05). After intervention with insulin or IGF-1R inhibitor, serum creatinine, serum urea nitrogen and urinary protein excretion rate of DKD mice were significantly reduced (all P<0.05). Insulin intervention could significantly reduce blood glucose in mice (P<0.05), but had no significant effect on macrophages. Although IGF-1R inhibitor did not significantly reduce blood glucose, it could significantly reduce the number of CD68, F4/80 positive cells and the expression of TLR4 protein in renal interstitium of DKD mice (all P<0.05). Compared with the DKD group, insulin intervention significantly reduced the expression of IGF-1 protein and mRNA (both P<0.01), and increased the expression of SOCS2 mRNA and protein (both P<0.01). And the expression of SOCS2 protein was correlated with the number of F4/80 + cells in insulin group (R2=0.8461, P=0.005). However, IGF-1R inhibitors had no significant effect on SOCS2 expression, but had better inhibition of macrophage infiltration. Conclusion IGF-1R inhibitor has a better inhibitory effect on DKD renal interstitial macrophage infiltration than insulin. The mechanism may be related to the fact that IGF-1R inhibitor does not up-regulate SOCS2 expression, whereas insulin up-regulates SOCS2 expression to activate some potential pathways.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755697

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to investigate the renal expression change of high mobility of nucleosome binding protein 1 ( HMGN1) in epithelia-mesenchymal transition ( EMT) process, and to study the effect of HMGN1 on renal fibrosis in the diabetic nephropathy mice model. Methods 20 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, benazepril group, and insulin group. After 8 weeks of drug intervention, blood, urine and kidney tissue samples were taken from mice. The routine physiological and biochemical indexes were detected. Renal structure and fibrosis were detected by HE and Sirius red staining, respectively. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization were used to investigate the protein and mRNA expression levels of HMGN1, CD68, F4/80,α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) , and E-cadherin in renal tissue. Results Blood glucose, renal index, and urinary albumin to creatinine ratio ( UACR) were significantly higher in the model group than those in the normal group. In the model group, HE staining showed glomerular hypertrophy and interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration, and Sirius red showed collagen deposition in the renal tissue. Compared with normal group, HMGN1, CD68, F4/80 positive cell counts andα-SMA protein expression were all increased, while E-cadherin protein expression was downregulated in the model group ( all P<0.05) . The above indexes were not improved significantly in the benazepril group. And after intervention of insulin, the expression levels of CD68 positive cell count andα-SMA protein were decreased and the expression levels of E-cadherin protein were increased compared with the model group ( all P<0.05) . The correlation analysis showed that the level of HMGN1 was correlated with CD68, F4/80, α-SMA, E-cadherin and collagen protein, while CD68 and f4/80 were correlated withα-SMA, collagen protein and blood glucose, respectively ( all P<0. 05 ) . Conclusion HMGN1 is involved in the progression of diabetic nephropathy fibrosis, and its underlying mechanism might be related to the macrophage-mediated EMT process.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 50-54, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734512

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of single nucleotide polymorphism of Wilms tumor 1(WT1)gene rs16754 on the chemosensitivity and clinical outcomes of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML).Methods A total of 178 AML patients aged 60 years and over who received cytarabine-based chemotherapy were enrolled in this retrospective study.The peripheral blood was extracted from 178 AML patients receiving chemotherapy for DNA preparation and study.And bone marrow specimens were collected in 65 AML patients before chemotherapy.The Wilms' Tumor-1 (WT1) rs16754 polymorphism was detected by PCR-RFLP method.The association between genotypes and other variables were analyzed by using Logistic regression model.Variables were adjusted by Cox regression analysis.Results The locus of WT1 gene rs16754 is located in coding region of WT1 gene.The genotype frequency and distribution of the studied population were 55.62% (99/178)in GG,37.64%(67/178)in GA,and 6.74%(12/178)in AA,with minimum allele frequencies of 0.26.The distributions of the three genotypes were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (P=0.884).There was no statistical difference in the data distribution of the genotypes on clinical indexes at baseline.Overall survival time(OS)was longer in patients with allele A and genotype GA plus AA[2.73 years(95 %CI:1.03-5.11 years)]than in patients with GG genotype[1.64 years(95 % CI:0.71-4.34),(P=0.003)].The replase free survival(RFS) was longer in patients with allele A and genotype GA plus AA[2.06 years(95%CI:0.95-4.87)]than in patients with GG genotype[1.12 years(95%CI:0.56-4.11),P =0.032)].Adjusted by using multivariate Cox regression analysis,GA plus AA genotypes still showed a better effect on OS (HR =0.51,P =0.013)than did GG genotypes.In the 65 pretreatment bone marrow specimens,the expression level of WT1 mRNA in bone marrow cells was higher in patients with GG genotype than in patients with GA plus AA genotype(P < 0.001).Conclusions Among elderly AML patients treated by cytarabine-based chemotherapy,the WT1 rs16754 may impact the clinical prognosis of AML patients by influencing the mRNA expression of WT1.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 777-782, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-oxidant mechanism of andrographolide on HaCaT cells via Nrf2/ARE signal pathway. METHODS: The effect of andrographolide on the viability of HaCaT cells and the effect of H2O2-induced cell viability were measured by CCK-8. HaCaT cells were pretreated with andrographolide of different concentration for 24 h. The protein and mRNA expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, AKR1C1 and NQO1 in HaCaT cells were detected by Western blot and RT-qPCR, respectively. The expression of Nrf2 protein in the nucleus was analyzed by nuclear cytoplasmic separation and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Andrographolide had no significant effect on cell viability and dose-dependently decreased H2O2-induced cell death, the difference was statistically significant. Andrographolide significantly enhanced the expression of protein and mRNA of antioxidant enzymes Nrf2, HO-1, AKR1C1, NQO1, increased the distribution of Nrf2 in the nucleus, and up-regulated the expression of ARE. Besides, andrographolide upregulated the phosphorylation level of the upstream protein kinase AMPKα (p-AMPKα). CONCLUSION: Andrographolide could decrease H2O2-induced cell death, and its mechanism may be through the activation of Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway, thereby regulating the expression levels of HO-1, AKR1C1, and NQO1.

17.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1599-1603, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857895

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, and pravastatin on antiplatelet activity of clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome(ACS) and different CYP2C19 genotypes. METHODS: Between November 2017 and November 2018, a total of 300 patients admitted for ACS were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned to three groups. All patients received standard dual antiplatelet therapy. A, B, and C groups received atorvastatin calcium 20 mg•d-1, rosuvastatin calcium 20 mg•d-1, and pravastatin sodium 20 mg•d-1, respectively. The CYP2C19 genotype was detected by pyrosequencing. Thromboelastogram(TEG) was applied to detect the ADP-induced platelet inhibition rate 7 days after treatment. RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in baseline clinical characteristics between three groups. It was also no statistically significant difference in ADP inhibition rate and proportion of clopidogrel resistance between three groups(P>0.05). However, compared with rosuvastatin group and pravastatin group, the ADP inhibition rate was significantly reduced in atorvastatin group in poor metabolizers of CYP2C19. CONCLUSION: In intermediate metabolizers and extensive metabolizers of CYP2C19, there is no significant difference in the effects of atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, and pravastatin on antiplatelet activity of clopidogrel. Compared with rosuvastatin and pravastatin, atorvastatin significantly attenuates the antiplatelet function of clopidogrel in poor metabolizers of CYP2C19.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687267

ABSTRACT

Shanghuo(excessive internal heat) is a special organic state based on the concept of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), commonly known as the abnormal heating syndrome of body in folks. With the acceleration of modern life rhythm and the increase of the social competition pressure, emotional stress has become an important cause for the spread of Shanghuo symptoms. What's more, Shanghuo can impact the body physiological functions to cause the onset, recurrence and progression of common diseases, harming the health of the body. According to the long-term research findings, the author found that Shanghuo referred to the imbalance of multiple physiological functions, such as nerve, immunity and metabolism, caused by emotional stress. "Shanghuo" is not a disease itself, but it can increase the susceptibility to a variety of diseases. This study reviewed the traditional medicine theory and the modern medical studies, and explored the relevance and correlation mechanisms between the Shanghuo symptoms and disease susceptibility, so as to provide a reference to improve the state of sub-health and prevent or treat modern diseases.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 182-184, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695155

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the long-term clinical effect of modified frontalis tendon flap suspension in the treatment of severe blepharoptosis in children.METHODS:A total of 83 cases (114 eyes) of modified frontalis tendon flap suspension for children severe blepharoptosis correction were analyzed between January 2009 to December 2011 for the efficacy and complications of this surgery.Follow-up observation for 5a.RESULTS:In the fifth year after operation,there were 84 eyes (73.7%) with correction and satisfactory correction,30 eyes (26.3%) were corrected,and the operation was satisfactory.Postoperative complications included 4 eyes (3.5%) of inverted eyelashes,of which 3 eyes were given suture traction at 1/3 interior of the gray line,1wk later inverted eyelashes disappeared,1 eye of secondary surgery.Conjunctival prolapse was in 2 eyes (1.8%),the application of corticosteroids eye drops,pressure bandage were used for 1 wk and conjunctival prolapse disappeared.There was no recurrence of keratitis,eyelid ectropion,septum separation,eyelid angular deformity,hematoma formation,infection and other complications.Postoperative retrograde retrogression and lateral eyelid folds disappear were the most common problems of long-term follow-up.CONCLUSION:The study shows that this surgical technique is a satisfied method to treat severe blepharoptosis and predictable with few complications.

20.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 821-826, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693991

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of RNA binding protein KSRP in multiple acute myeloid leuke-mia(AML) patients. Methods KSRP expression among AML patients and normal controls was analyzed in gene expression omnibus (GEO) datasets and the cancer genome atlas(TCGA) database. KSRP expression was inhibi-ted by lentivirus-mediated gene transduction in THP-1 cells,cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. Results KSRP has lower expression in t(15;17) acute promyelocytic leukemia while has higher expression in mixed lineage leukemia(MLL) translocated acute monocytic leukemia or acute myelomonocytic leukemia. KSRP knock-down sig-nificantly promoted apoptosis (P<0.01),as well as suppressed cell proliferation (P<0.01). In addition, overex-pression of miR-129 increased cell proliferation(P<0.05). Conclusions KSRP may regulate AML-M5 cell growth through promoting miR-129 processing.

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