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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of prophylactic octreotide administration on pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD)associated postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), total complications, peri-operative death and postoperative in-hospital days.Methods:From January 2020 to August 2021, 148 patients who underwent PD in the Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery in Ren Ji Hospital affiliated with School of Medicine of Shanghai Jiao Tong University were recruited into this single-center randomized control double-blinded clinical trial. Patients were randomly assigned into octreotide group ( n=74) and control group ( n=74). Octreotide group was subcutaneously injected with 0.1 mg (1 ml) octreotide after preoperative anesthesia, and was subcutaneously injected with the same dose every 8 hours for 5 days, with a total of 16 doses. Control group was injected with 1 ml normal saline in the same way, and relevant clinical data and indicators of the two groups were recorded. The primary endpoint was clinically relevant pancreatic fistula, and the secondary endpoints were total complications, perioperative death and postoperative in-hospital days. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen the risk factors of clinically related POPF after PD. Results:120 patients were finally enrolled, including 61 in octreotide group and 59 in control group. There were no significant differences on age, gender ratio, body mass index, preoperative surgery rate of jaundice reduction, preoperative major biochemical indicators, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, pancreatic duct diameter, pancreatic texture and pathological type composition ratio. The total incidence of clinical relevant POPF was 8.3%, and there were no significant differences on biochemical leakage (4.9% vs 8.5%, P=0.435), grade B fistula (4.9% vs 8.5%, P=0.435) and grade C fistula (1.6% vs 1.7%, P=0.981). The total complication incidence (24.5% vs 28.8%, P=0.601), perioperative mortality (0 vs 3.3%, P=0.147) and postoperative in-hospital days (20.6±11.1 d vs 19.5±12.2 d, P=0.633) were not significantly different between two groups. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative serum albumin level <30 g/L( P<0.001) and pathological type of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma ( P=0.036) were independent risk factors for POPF after PD, while multivariate analysis found no statistically significant risk factors. Conclusions:Octreotide can neither reduce the incidences of POPF, total complications and postoperative mortality, nor shorten postoperative in-hospital days. However, for patients with preoperative hypoproteinemia and (or) the pathological type of pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma, the prophylactic use of octreotide during PD and after PD may reduce the occurrence of POPF.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931251

ABSTRACT

Viscum coloratum(Komn.)Nakai is a well-known medicinal hemiparasite widely distributed in Asia.The synthesis and accumulation of its metabolites are affected by both environmental factors and the host plants,while the latter of which is usually overlooked.The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the effects of host and habitat on the metabolites in V.coloratum through multiple chemical and biological approaches.The metabolite profile of V.coloratum harvested from three different host plants in two habitats were determined by multiple chemical methods including high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet(HPLC-UV),gas chromatography-flame ionization detector(GC-FID)and ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-QTOF/MS).The differences in antioxidant efficacy of V.coloratum were determined based on multiple in vitro models.The multivariate statistical analysis and data fusion strategy were applied to analyze the dif-ferences in metabolite profile and antioxidant activity of V.coloratum.Results indicated that the metabolite profile obtained by various chemical approaches was simultaneously affected by host and environment factors,and the environment plays a key role.Meanwhile,three main differential metab-olites between two environment groups were identified.The results of antioxidant assay indicated that the environment has greater effects on the biological activity of V.coloratum than the host.Therefore,we conclude that the integration of various chemical and biological approaches combined with multivariate statistical and data fusion analysis,which can determine the influences of host plant and habitat on the metabolites,is a powerful strategy to control the quality of semi-parasitic herbal medicine.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1808-1815, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929432

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of Fufang yinhua jiedu (FFYH) granules against coronavirus and its potential mechanism, we used Huh7, Huh7.5, H460, and C3A cell lines as in vitro models to evaluate the cytotoxicity and antiviral activity of FFYH by observation of cell pathogenic effect (CPE); and then the inhibitory effect of FFYH on the transcription expression of coronavirus RNA and inflammatory factor mRNA were evaluated by quantitive reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR); finally, the inhibitory effect of FFYH on the expression of coronavirus protein and its underlying mechanism against coronavirus were investigated by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Our results indicated that 50% toxic concentration (TC50) FFYH on Huh7, Huh7.5, H460, and C3A cells were 2 035.21, 5 245.69, 2 935.28 and 520 µg·mL-1, respectively; 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of FFYH on HCoV-229E in Huh7 and Huh7.5 cells were 438.16 and 238.54 µg·mL-1 with safety index (SI) of 4.64 and 21.99, respectively; IC50 of FFYH on HCoV-OC43 in H460 cells was 165.13 µg·mL-1 with SI of 17.78. Moreover, FFYH not only could inhibit the replication of coronaviruses (HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-229E) through inhibiting the transcription of viral RNA and the expression of viral protein, but also effectively suppress the expression of inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) at mRNA level caused by coronaviruses, which might be associated with the inhibitory effect of FFYH on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and the nuclear translocation of nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB). In summary, our results demonstrated that FFYH exhibited a good in vitro anti-coronavirus effect, which provides a theoretical basis for its clinical use in the treatment of anti-coronavirus pneumonia.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928014

ABSTRACT

The present study detected the component content in Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum by HPLC fingerprint and the multi-component determination method. HPLC analysis was performed on the Agilent ZORBAX SB-C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm). Acetonitrile-0.5% phosphoric acid aqueous solution with gradient elution was employed as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The detection wavelength was 210 nm and the sample volume was 10 μL. The similarity of 18 batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum was 0.343-0.779, indicating that there were great differences between different batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum. Eighteen common peaks were identified, including eight flavonoids such as liquiritigenin and latifolin. The mass fractions of liquiritigenin, luteolin, naringenin, isoliquiritigenin, formononetin, dalbergin, latifolin, and pinocembrin were in the ranges of 0.134 1%-0.495 2%, 0.028 2%-0.167 0%, 0.016 3%-0.591 3%, 0.053 5%-0.188 0%, 0.142 4%-0.640 1%, 0.068 0%-0.590 7%, 0.003 2%-1.980 7%, and 0.009 6%-0.740 2%, respectively. Eighteen batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum were divided into three categories by cluster analysis and eight differential components in Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum were marked by partial least-squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA). The cumulative variance contribution rate was 90.5%. The HPLC fingerprint combined with the multi-component determination method for Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum is easy in operation and accurate in results, with good repeatability and reliability. The quality of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum can be evaluated and analyzed by the PLS-DA model. This study is expected to provide a reference for the quality control and clinical application of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927997

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and serum pharmacochemistry were employed to study the migrating components in rat sera after intragastric administration of the water extracts of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR). After the respective intragastric administration of PLR and PTR extracts, blood samples were collected from the orbital vein. The serum samples were treated by protein precipitation method with methanol and acetonitrile at a ratio of 1∶1 and then passed through Agilent ZORBAX RRHD SB-C_(18) column(3 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) and Agilent SB-C_(18) pre-column(3 mm×5 mm, 1.8 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as the mobile phase. The elution was performed at the flow rate of 0.25 mL·min~(-1), the column temperature of 40 ℃, and the injection volume of 2 μL. By comparison of the total ion chromatogram and secondary fragment ion information of PLR and PTR water extracts, PLR-and PTR-containing sera, and blank serum, we found 42 migrating components(including 17 prototype components and 25 metabolites) in the sera of rats treated with PLR and 35 migrating components(including 15 prototype components and 20 metabolites) in the sera of rats treated with PTR. Thirty-three common components were shared by the two treatments, including 13 prototype components and 20 metabolites. The differences of migrating components in the PLR-and PTR-treated rat sera provide a scientific basis for further study of the active components and quality markers of PLR and PTR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Rats , Serum
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936360

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of interference of P2X4 receptor expression in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) on invasion and migration of glioma cells.@*METHODS@#C57BL/6 mouse models bearing gliomas in the caudate nucleus were examined for glioma pathology with HE staining and expressions of Iba-1 and P2X4 receptor with immunofluorescence assay. RAW264.7 cells were induced into TAMs using conditioned medium from GL261 cells, and the changes in mRNA expressions of macrophage polarization-related markers and the mRNA and protein expressions of P2X4 receptor were detected with RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The effect of siRNA-mediated P2X4 interference on IL-1β and IL-18 mRNA and protein expressions in the TAMs was detected with RT-qPCR and Western blotting. GL261 cells were cultured in the conditioned medium from the transfected TAMs, and the invasion and migration abilities of the cells were assessed with Transwell invasion and migration experiment.@*RESULTS@#The glioma tissues from the tumor-bearing mice showed a significantly greater number of Iba-1-positive cells, where an obviously increased P2X4 receptor expression was detected (P=0.001), than the brain tissues of the control mice (P < 0.001). The M2 macrophage markers (Arg-1 and IL-10) and M1 macrophage markers (iNOS and TNF-α) were both significantly up-regulated in the TAMs derived from RAW264.7 cells (all P < 0.01), but the up-regulation of the M2 macrophage markers was more prominent; the expression levels of P2X4 receptor protein and mRNA were both increased in the TAMs (P < 0.05). Interference of P2X4 receptor expression significantly lowered the mRNA(P < 0.01)and protein (P < 0.01, P < 0.05)expression levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in the TAMs and obviously inhibited the ability of the TAMs to promote invasion and migration of the glioma cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Interference of P2X4 receptor in the TAMs suppresses the migration and invasion of glioma cells possibly by lowering the expressions of IL-1β and IL-18.


Subject(s)
Animals , Culture Media, Conditioned , Glioma , Interleukin-18 , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Purinergic P2X4/metabolism , Tumor-Associated Macrophages
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942591

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the classification and reconstruction strategy of defects in lateral face region after operation of malignant tumors. Methods: Eighteen cases with the reconstruction of complicated defects after resection of tumors in the region of lateral face from January 2015 to January 2018 in Hunan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. There were 14 males and 4 females, aged from 32 to 68 years. According to the presence or absence of bony scaffold, complicated defects were divided into two main categories: soft tissue perforating defects and soft tissue defects combined with bony scaffold defects. All soft tissue perforating defects in 5 cases were repaired with free anterolateral femoral flaps. Among 13 cases with soft tissue plus bony scaffold defects, 3 were repaired with free fibular flaps, 6 with free fibular flaps combined with free anterolateral femoral flaps, and 4 with chimeric deep circumflex iliac artery perforator flaps combined with anterolateral femoral flaps. Results: All flaps survived well. Two patients complicated with fistula in floor of mouth, but the wound healed after dressing change. Transoral feeding was resumed within 2 weeks after surgery in all patients. One year follow-up evaluation showed that 14 cases had symmetrical face and 10 cases had mouth opening more than 3 transverse fingers. After 36-50 months of follow-up, 6 patients died, with an overall 3-year survival rate of 66.7%. Conclusion: The classification of defects with or without bony stent loss is conducive to the overall repair design, the recovery of facial contour stent, the effective fill of dead space and the maintain of residual occlusal relationship. Good reconstruction results require a multi flap combination of osteocutaneous and soft tissue flaps.


Subject(s)
Facial Neoplasms , Female , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Male , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Thigh/surgery
8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 462-467, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877120

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influencing factors for the primary and secondary school students with abnormal angle of trunk rotation for the prevention.@*Methods@#The students of Grade Four to Nine in Jiashan County of Zhejiang Province were selected by cluster sampling method. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect social demographic data, diet behaviors, physical activities, reading and writing habits. The angle of trunk rotation was measured by scoliometer. Logistic regression model was used to investigate the influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation. @*Results@#This study included 2 942 schoolchildren, with 1 582 ( 53.78% ) boys and 1 360 ( 46.23% ) girls. The incidence rate of abnormal angle of trunk rotation was 7.82%. The incidence rate of abnormal angle of trunk rotation in girls was 10.74%, which was higher than 5.31% in boys ( P<0.05 ). Grade ( OR=1.485, 95%CI: 1.058-2.085 ), gender ( OR=2.084, 95%CI: 1.536-2.828 ), frequency of eating fresh vegetables in the past week ( OR=0.749, 95%CI: 0.633-0.887 ) and watching electronic screen in the dark ( OR=1.188, 95%CI: 1.002-1.408 ) were the influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation in primary and secondary school students. Grade ( OR=2.664, 95%CI: 1.481-4.791 ) and watching electronic screen in the dark ( OR=1.325, 95%CI: 1.030-1.704 ) were influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation in boys. Frequency of eating fresh vegetables in the past week ( OR=0.714, 95%CI: 0.574-0.887 ) and uncorrected eyesight less than 5.0 ( OR=1.795, 95%CI: 1.164-2.767 ) were influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation in girls. @*Conclusion@#The abnormal angle of trunk rotation in primary and secondary school students is related to gender, grade, reading and writing behaviors as well as diets; and the influencing factors are different in male and female students.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 793-798, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876516

ABSTRACT

Dengue virus (DENV) is the most rapidly transmitted mosquito-borne pathogen, which is the main cause of seasonal outbreaks of dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever in tropical and subtropical regions, and may cause serious life-threatening diseases. There is an urgent need to develop effective vaccines or antiviral therapies. In this paper, we found that a podocarpane-type diterpenoid, (3α,5β,10α)-13-methoxypodocarpa-8,11,13-triene-3,12-diol (MPTD), isolated from the stems and leaves of Aleurites moluccana, showed good effect against DENV. The anti-DENV activity of MPTD against four different DENV serotypes was studied by plaque assay. The cytotoxicity of MPTD in Vero and Huh7 cells was tested by MTT assay. qRT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to investigate the anti-DENV activity of MPTD at RNA and protein levels, respectively. The results showed that MPTD greatly reduced the virus titer in DENV infected Vero cells, and its 50% effective concentration (EC50) for DENV (1–4) were 2.72 ± 0.39, 10.99 ± 5.18, 18.72 ± 0.21, and 0.48 ± 0.28 μmol·L-1, respectively. The results showed that MPTD inhibits DENV RNA level and the expression of E protein. In addition, MPTD may inhibit the early stage of DENV replication and exert antiviral activity. Further studies showed that the inhibitory effect of MPTD against DENV infection is not targeting the viral entry stage. Therefore, MPTD has a significant anti-dengue virus effect, and is an anti-DENV compound with potential application value.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 139-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876103

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of adolescent depression symptoms in Zhejiang, so as to provide reference for improving their mental health. @*Methods@#The middle school and university students in 11 cities of Zhejiang Province were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method. The depression symptoms of the adolescents were assessed by Center for Epidemiological Survey-Depression Scale ( CES-D ) and the influencing factors were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model.@*Results@# A total of 25 855 students were investigated, and 25 614 ( 99.07% ) valid questionnaires were collected. The detection rate of depressive symptoms was 26.86%(6 879 cases). The detection rate of depressive symptoms in girls was 29.75%, which was higher than 24.12% in boys ( P<0.05). The detection rate of depressive symptoms in high school students was 31.74%, the highest compared with other grades. The multivariate regression analysis showed that female students ( OR=1.690, 95%CI: 1.592-1.794 ), resident students ( OR=1.071, 95%CI: 1.010-1.137 ) , internet addiction ( OR=2.948, 95%CI: 2.527-3.439 ) , attempt smoking ( OR=1.516, 95%CI: 1.359-1.690 ), drinking ( OR=1.624, 95%CI: 1.525-1.729 ), bullied in the past 30 days ( OR=3.143, 95%CI: 2.938-3.363 and having serious injuries within a year ( OR=1.369, 95%CI: 1.263-1.543 ) were associated with adolescents who had depressive symptoms.@*Conclusions@#The detection rate of depressive symptoms is relative 26.86% among adolescents of Zhejiang Province. The students who are female, live on campus, have internet addiction, have been bullied or seriously injured, smoke and drink are more likely to have depressive symptoms.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875675

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the effect of leonurine on LPS-induced macrophages activation and its potential mechanism. Methods Mouse primary peritoneal macrophages were isolated and pretreated for 24 h with LPS and leonurine. MTT assay was used to detect the cell viability of macrophages. The production of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-18 in culture medium were tested by ELISA, and the production of NO was detected by Griess reagent. The mRNA expression of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, TNF-α, iNOS, Arg-1 and CD206 were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 were detected by Western blotting. Results LPS can significantly increase the releases of NO、IL-1β、IL-6、TNF-α and IL-18 from macrophages. Leonurine can suppress the expression of pro-inflammatory factor levels, such as IL-1β (P<0.05), IL-18 (P<0.05), NO(P<0.05), IL-6(P<0.05) and TNF-α (P<0.05). Leonurine can decrease the activation of macrophage as well as the expression of NLRP3 Inflammasome.Protein expressions of NLRP3、ASC、caspase-1 were mitigated. Conclution Leonurine exerts beneficial effects through M1/M2 phenotypic differentiation of peritoneal macrophage via inhibiting overactivation of NLRP3 inflammasome. These findings suggest that leonurine might have a therapeutic potential for pelvic inflammatory disease.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 487-495, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873772

ABSTRACT

Nanoparticles have better applicability in the detection, treatment of cancer and various difficult diseases, but mononuclear phagocytosis system can seriously shorten the time of nanoparticles in vivo circulation, reduce the drug efficacy. The protein crown formed on the surface of the nanoparticle after entering the body can change its surface properties, interfere with the recognition of phagocytes, and thus affect its circulation time in vivo. This article outlines the general composition and formation process of protein crowns. It also summarizes the influence of the physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles, such as particle size, surface charge, hydrophilicity and surface materials on the formation of protein crowns. The protein crown affects the circulation of nanoparticles in vivo, mainly because the adsorbed opsonic protein promotes cell phagocytosis. Therefore, we also introduce the method of using protein crowns to promote the long circulation of nanoparticles in vivo. By designing appropriate physical and chemical properties, surface modification, and directed design of protein crowns, the adsorption of proteins on the surface of nanoparticles can be reduced. Therefore, it can reduce the clearance of nanoparticles in the mononuclear phagocytic system (mainly the phagocytes of the liver and spleen), and achieve the goal of long circulation of nanoparticles in the body.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predicting value of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and albumin (Alb) ratio on prognosis of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA).Methods:A total of 107 patients with IHCA and spontaneous circulation recovery (ROSC) after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University during January 1, 2017 and September 30, 2020 were selected as the subjects and divided into the survival group and death group according to the survival condition on day 14 after IHCA. The correlation between ratio of high sensitivity C-reactive protein/albumin (hs-CRP/Alb) and the prognosis of patients was analyzed.Results:No statistical significant differences were found between the survival and death groups in sex, age, medical history, ECG monitoring, recovery ventilation mode, percentage of first monitoring of heart rate and pre-resuscitation Alb (all P > 0.05). However, there were significant differences in the percentage of non-cardiogenic CA and adrenaline dose > 5 mg, time of CPR, concentrations of blood lactic acid, Alb, hs-CRP, and ratio of hs-CRP/Alb (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that percentage of adrenaline dose > 5 mg, concentration of blood lactic acid, time of CPR, and ratio of hs-CRP/Alb were independent risk factors for predicting death. ROC curve analysis showed that hs-CRP/Alb ratio, and concentration of hs-CRP and Alb had predictive value on the death of patients with IHCA; the areas under the curves of hs-CRP/Alb ratio, hs-CRP and Alb concentration were 0.876, 0.864 and 0.745, respectively. The predictive efficiency of hs-CRP/Alb ratio was better than that of hs-CRP concentration or Alb concentration. Conclusions:hs-CRP/Alb ratio has predictive value for the prognosis of patients with IHCA and the predictive value is superior to that of hs-CRP and Alb concentration.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the therapeutic effect of <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar on a mouse model adding disease with syndrome of coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome. Method:BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups according to their weight grade: normal group, HCoV-229E infection group, cold and damp group, a mouse model combining disease with syndrome of coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome, and high and low dose group of <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar. The combination model of human coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome mice was established by the method of cold dampness condition stimulation+coronavirus HCoV-229E infection. <italic>In vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar (0.128,0.064 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) was administrated by gavage for 3 days from the day of infection. The observation indexes included: general state observation of mice, inhibition rate of lung index and lung index of mice. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the viral load in the lung tissues of mice. Serum levels of motilin(MTL), gastrin (GAS), and cytokines interleukin(IL)-10,IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>)and interferon-<italic>γ</italic>(IFN-<italic>γ</italic>) in lung tissue of mice were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The percentages of CD4<sup>+</sup> T lymphocytes,CD8<sup>+</sup> T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes in the blood of mice were determined by flow cytometry. Result:The high and low dose group of <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar can significantly improve the general condition of model mice. Compared with blank group, model group mice lung index increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), nucleic acids significantly increased expression of lung tissue in mice (<italic>P</italic><0.01), significantly higher serum MTL content in mice, GAS content significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), lung tissue cells in the immune factor TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-10 and IL-6 were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), peripheral blood lymphocyte CD4<sup>+</sup> T cells in mice, The percentages of CD8<sup>+</sup> T cells and B cells were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation bezoar mice lung index of high and low dose group were significantly lower (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the lung tissue of mice express nucleic acid decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), MTL content decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the lung tissue of mice in the IL-6, IL-10, the TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IFN-<italic>γ</italic> levels were significantly lower (<italic>P</italic><0.01), <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation bezoar high dose group can significantly increase the CD4<sup>+</sup> T cell percentage (<italic>P</italic><0.05), <italic>in vitro</italic> cultivation bezoar can to a certain extent reduce model mice lung inflammatory exudation, pulmonary interstitial edema, as well as blood stasis symptoms. Conclusion:<italic>In vitro</italic> cultivation of bezoar has a significant therapeutic effect on a mice model adding disease with syndrome of coronavirus pneumonia with Yidu Xifei syndrome. It can be treated by reducing the lung index of the model mice, improving the pathological damage of the lung tissue, adjusting the immune effective and inhibiting the clearing of inflammatory factors, and to provide a laboratory basis for clinical medication.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906192

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants have a long history and play an important role in the prevention and treatment of human diseases. However, the interaction between bioactive components and specific biological targets in many medicinal plants is still unclear. Conventional separation and activity evaluation model of chemical constituents from natural products was time-consuming and laborious, and cannot truly reflect the interaction between the natural conformation of compounds and receptors, so these methods could not meet the urgent needs of modern drug development. Affinity ultrafiltration coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (AUF-LC/MS) is a rapid, efficient and precise method focused on identification of bio-components from natural products, it can make up for many shortcomings found in conventional discovery of bio-constituents. However, AUF-LC/MS technology also has some drawbacks in experiments. In this paper, the principle, characteristics and application of AUF-LC/MS in the screening of active ingredients from medicinal plants are systematically reviewed, and its development prospect is prospected, so as to provide scientific basis for rapid and targeted screening of active components from medicinal plants.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether the efficacy of Getong Tongluo Capsule (, GTC, consisted of total flavone of Radix Puerariae) on improving patients' quality of life and lowering blood pressure are superior to the extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGB) for patients with convalescent-phase ischemic stroke and primary hypertension.@*METHODS@#This randomized, positive-drug- and placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from September 2015 to October 2017. Totally 477 eligible patients from 18 hospitals in China were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to the following interventions, twice a day for 12 weeks: (1) GTC 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (237 cases, GTC group), (2) EGB 40 mg plus GTC-matching placebo 250 mg (120 cases, EGB group) or (3) GTC-matching placebo 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (120 cases, placebo group). Moreover, all patients were orally administered aspirin enteric-coated tablets 100 mg, once a day for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the Barthel Index (BI). The secondary outcomes included the control rate of blood pressure and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores. The incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs) were calculated and assessed.@*RESULTS@#The BI relative independence rates, the clinical recovery rates of NIHSS, and the total effective rates of NIHSS in the GTC and EGB groups were significantly higher than the placebo group at 12 weeks after treatment (P0.05). The control rate of blood pressure in the GTC group was significantly higher than the EGB and placebo groups at 12, 18 and 24 weeks after treatment (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GTC exhibited significant efficacy in improving patients' quality of life as well as neurological function and controlling hypertension. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800016667).

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879034

ABSTRACT

Kudzu plants in the subfamily sphenoideae of Leguminosae are commonly used herbs in China, Japan, Korea, India and Thailand, with a long history of medicinal use. They are recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Japanese Pharmacopeia, Korea Pharmacopeia, Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia of India and Flora of Thailand. There are 15-20 species of Pueraria in the world, including 7 species and 2 varieties in China. At present, there are 6 species with medicinal value, such as Pueraria lobata and P. thomsonii. The main chemical components of the genus are isoflavones, flavonoids, terpenes, steroids, coumarins, puerarin glycosides and benzopyrans. A total of 240 compounds have been isolated and identified from this genus, and their pharmacological effects mainly include improvement of the cardiovascular system, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-alcoholic and estrogen-like effects. In this study, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Pueraria at home and abroad were systematically summarized, in order to provide references for the material basis, quality control and further development of Pueraria genus.


Subject(s)
China , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Japan , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Republic of Korea , Thailand
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878716

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Cripto-1 in pancreatic cancer and to analyze its clinical significance. Methods Cripto-1 expression in normal pancreas,pancreatic cancer and adjacent non-tumor tissues,chronic pancreatitis tissues and other related tissues was evaluated using immunohistochemistry.The association of Cripto-1 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognostic value of Cripto-1 in patients with pancreatic cancer were analyzed. Results The expression of Cripto-1 was higher in chronic pancreatitis tissues,pancreatic cancer and its metastases than in normal pancreas(P=0.019,P=0.025,and P=0.018,respectively).Cripto-1 overexpression was correlated with poorly differentiated pancreatic cancer.The patients with Cripto-1 upregulation had shorter median survival time(8 months vs.16 months,χ


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal , GPI-Linked Proteins , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the changes in inflammatory markers levels and the onset of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the early stage of acute trauma..Methods:From January 2018 to June 2020, patients with acute trauma who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were selected as subjects. Peripheral venous blood was collected on admission, on the 3rd and 7th day after trauma for routine blood test, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT). The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was calculated. The PCL-5 scale was used to evaluate PTSD symptoms one month later. The patients were divided into the PTSD group and non-PTSD group with the score of 38 as the boundary. The change rule of NLR in the PTSD group and the non-PTSD group were analyzed.Results:Ninety-one trauma patients were enrolled, including 23 patients in the PTSD group and 68 patients in the non-PTSD group. Compared with the healthy control group, the NLR of 91 trauma patients on admission, on the 3rd and 7th day were significantly higher (all P< 0.01). The NLR of the PTSD group was increased on the 7th day after trauma, which was significantly higher than that of the non-PTSD group ( P= 0.025). The non-PTSD group showed a decreasing trend, of which NLR on the 7th day was significantly lower than that on admission ( P= 0.001). In addition, high level of NLR on the 7th day after trauma (β= 0.206, P= 0.01) was a risk factor for PTSD onset. Conclusions:Dynamic monitoring of the changes in NLR after acute trauma would be of great clinical value to early warning of PTSD.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of intensive analgesia on the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in acute trauma patients, and to develop new ideas for the prevention and treatment of PTSD.Methods:From January 2018 to November 2019, a prospective study was conducted on trauma patients who visited the Emergency Center of Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University and met the enrollment criteria. The patients were divided into the intensive analgesia group (< 4) and non-intensive analgesia group (≥ 4) according to the mean pain score in 30 days. The epidemiological data, trauma-related parameters, analgesic schemes, VAS score, PCL-5 score, HADS score and incidence of PTSD of enrolled patients were collected. Appropriate statistical methods were used to analyze differences among the indicators between the two groups.Results:Eighty-four acute trauma cases were included in the study, 39 cases in the intensive analgesia group and 45 in the non-intensive analgesia group. There was no significant difference in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). The incidence rate of PTSD and PCL-5 score of patients in the intensive analgesia group were all significantly lower than those in the non-intensive analgesia group in 1 month after the trauma (all P< 0.05). The HADS anxiety and depression scores of patients in the intensive analgesic group were significantly lower than those in the non-intensive analgesic group (all P< 0.05). All the analgesics were converted into the dosage of dezocine for comparison. The total dosage of analgesics (dezocine) used in patients of the intensive analgesia group was significantly higher than that in the non-intensive analgesia group within 30 days after injury ( P< 0.05). Conclusion:In the acute trauma patients, intensive analgesia after trauma can significantly reduce the incidence of PTSD as well as improve anxiety and depression symptoms.

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