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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 277-282, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effect and mechanism of the alcoholic extract from Scabiosa comosa against hepatic fibrosis (HF). METHODS Intragastrical administration of carbon tetrachloride was given to induce HF model. By observing the pathological changes in liver tissue, mRNA and protein expressions of HF indexes [α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen type Ⅰ] and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway-related factors were detected, and the improvement effects and possible mechanism of low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose (50, 100, 200 mg/kg) of alcoholic extract from S. comosa on HF model rats were investigated. Drug-containing serum was prepared by intragastrical administration of alcoholic extract from S. comosa at a concentration of 1 800 mg/(kg·d) (calculated by the amount of raw material). The effects of drug- containing serum of alcoholic extract from S. comosa on the expression of miRNA-21 were observed through the intervention of HSC-T6 cells with low, medium and high concentrations of drug-containing serum of alcoholic extract from S. comosa (diluted to 10%, 15%, 20%). miRNA-21 mimics or inhibitors were used to transfect HSC-T6 cells, and the mRNA and protein expressions of factors related to the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway were detected. RESULTS The results of in vivo experiments showed that low, medium and high doses of alcoholic extract from S. comosa significantly ameliorated the histopathological changes in liver tissue of HF rats, and the percentage of collagen was significantly reduced (P<0.01); mRNA and protein expressions of the indicators related to HF as well as PI3K and Akt were significantly reduced (P<0.01), and mRNA and protein expressions of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) were increased in liver tissue of rats (P<0.01). The results of in vitro experiments showed that drug-containing serum of alcoholic extract from S. comosa significantly inhibited the expression of miRNA-21 at low, medium and high concentrations (P<0.01); whereas after transfection with miRNA-21 mimics, it was found that miRNA-21 mimics significantly increased mRNA and protein expressions of PI3K and Akt (P<0.01), while significantly decreased mRNA and protein expressions of PTEN (P<0.01); after transfection with miRNA-21 inhibitor, the changes of above indexes were opposite to the above results (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Alcoholic extracts of S. comosa may inhibit the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway by affecting the expression of miRNA-21, so as to achieve the effect of anti-hepatic fibrosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 205-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of a novel modified Blumgart pancreaticojejunostomy in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD).Methods:Between May 2021 and January 2022, 13 successive cases from Lihuili Hospital Affiliated to Ningbo University who underwent LPD were enrolled in this retrospective study. The study retrospectively analyzed the demographic characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and pathological results of these cases.Results:Twenty patients underwent LPD success-fully and one required conversion to open surgery. The operative time was (308.6 ± 61.7) min. The duration for PJ was (26.7 ± 4.3) min. The estimated blood loss was (188.1 ± 94.2) ml. The postoperative hospital stay was (14.2 ± 3.5) d. There was one case of biochemical leakage and no case of grade B or grade C pancreatic fistula.Conclusions:The new method is safe, simple and feasible. The novel method could reduce the incidence of pancreatic fistula and other complications after LPD.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1351-1357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978790

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of action of Scabiosa atropurea in inhibiting the proliferation of hepatic stellate cells using cell experiment. Methods A total of 20 Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and administration group, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in the control group were given normal saline by gavage, and those in the administration group were given Scabiosa atropurea by gavage to prepare drug-containing serum. HSC-T6 cells were incubated with the serum from the control group (10%) or the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea (10%, 15%, and 20%, respectively). MTT assay was used to observe the effect of different drug concentrations on cells in different periods of time; flow cytometry was used to measure cell apoptosis; qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression levels of fibrosis markers (α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ) and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway-related factors in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t - test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results Compared with the control group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea groups had a significant reduction in the OD value of cells (all P < 0.05) and a significant increase in the overall apoptosis rate of cells (all P < 0.05). The results of qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea groups had significant reductions in the mRNA expression levels of α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ, PI3K, and Akt and a significant increase in the mRNA expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.05); Western blot showed that compared with the control group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose serum containing Scabiosa atropurea groups had significant reductions in the protein expression levels of α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ, PI3K, Akt, and p-Akt and a significant increase in the protein expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.05). Conclusion The Mongolian medicine Scabiosa atropurea can inhibit the proliferation of HSC-T6 cells and promote their apoptosis, possibly by regulating fibrosis markers and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to exert an anti-liver fibrosis effect.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1786-1792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954834

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics and etiological distribution characteristics of plastic bronchitis in children, analyze its early warning indicators, and evaluate the clinical diagnosis and treatment effect of flexible bronchoscopy.Methods:The clinical data of 232 children with severe pneumonia admitted to Guiyang Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2019 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The children were divided into the plastic bronchitis group and non-plastic bronchitis group according to bronchoscopic results.The gender, age, clinical manifestations, auxiliary examinations, imaging features, bronchoscopy findings and treatment of the children were collected, compared and analyzed, comparison between two groups by t test and χ2 test. Results:A total of 232 children were included in this study, including 98 cases in the plastic bronchitis group and 134 cases in the non-plastic bronchitis group.The main symptoms of both groups were fever, cough and shortness of breath.The age of onset in the plastic bronchitis group was (54.640±37.085) months, and the age of onset in the non-plastic bronchitis group was (14.870±19.813) months.The difference in the age of onset between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=9.656, P<0.001). The average hospitalization days of the plastic and non-plastic bronchitis groups were (16.133±6.227) d and (12.690±4.287) d, respectively.Significant difference was found in the average hospitalization days between the two groups ( t=4.721, P<0.001). The average fever days of the plastic bronchitis group were (10.090±3.473) d, and the average fever days of the non-plastic bronchitis group were (6.030±4.850) d. There was significant difference in the average fever days between the two groups ( t=5.654, P<0.001). The age of onset, hospitalization days, and fever days of the plastic bronchitis group were larger than those of the non-plastic bronchitis group (all P<0.001). The physical examination suggested that 40% (39/98) of patients in the plastic bronchitis group had reduced the breath sounds, and this percentage was significantly higher than that in the non-plastic bronchitis group[6%(8/134)]. The plastic bronchitis group had lower partial pressure of blood oxygen (PO 2) and oxygen saturation (SO 2) levels than the non-plastic bronchitis group (all P<0.01). The plastic bronchitis group had a higher percentage of neutrophils (N), C-reactive protein (CRP) level, procalcitonin (PCT) level, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level and D-dimer level than the non-plastic bronchitis group (all P<0.01). According to the imaging results, in the plastic bronchitis group, lung consolidation was found in 72 cases (73%, 72/98), atelectasis in 32 cases (33%, 32/98), and pleural effusion in 33 cases (34%, 33/98). In the non-plastic bronchitis group, 65%(87/134) cases had lung consolidation, 5%(7/134) cases had atelectasis, 3.7% (5/134) cases had pleural effusion.The first pathogen detected in 46.9% of the patients in the plastic bronchitis group was Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), and the percentage was significantly higher that in the non-plastic bronchitis group (11.1%). Flexible bronchoscopy was performed on both groups at their admission.The plastic bronchitis group received the flexible bronchoscopy check for (2.960±1.157) times on average, and the non-plastic bronchitis group was tested for (1.140±0.371) times on average.Of 98 children in the plastic bronchitis group, 95 cases were improved and discharged, 2 cases were transferred, and 1 case died.All 134 children in the non-plastic bronchitis group were improved and discharged. Conclusions:Preschool and school-age children, fever ≥10 d, PCT, CRP, LDH, D-dimer levels are early warning signs of plastic bronchitis clinically.MP is still the primary pathogen causing plastic bronchitis.Flexible bronchoscopy technique is a key measure for timely diagnosis and effective treatment of plastic bronchitis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 216-220, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932765

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of CXC chemokine ligand 11 (CXCL11) in gallbladder cancer (GBC) and its effect on cell proliferation and invasion.Methods:The surgically resected specimens of 47 GBC patients were collected in Lihuili Hospital Affiliated to Ningbo University from January 2017 to December 2020. There were 26 females and 21 males, with the age (62.0±8.2) years. The expression of CXCL11 protein in GBC tissues and corresponding paracancer tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. Associations between CXCL11 expression and clinicopathological features were analyzed. After co-culturing of GBC-SD cells with exogenous CXCL11, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell assays were performed to detect cell proliferation and invasion ability. The expression and phosphorylation level of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt) were also detected by Western blot.Results:The positive expression rate of CXCL11 in GBC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent paracancerous tissues [63.8% (30/47) vs 31.9% (15/47), χ 2=9.59, P=0.002]. Furthermore, CXCL11 expression was significantly associated with tumor stage (χ 2=6.64, P=0.010) and lymph nodal metastasis (χ 2=7.86, P=0.005). CCK-8 assay revealed that the proliferation ability of GBC-SD cells in CXCL11-treated group significantly increased than that in the control group (absorbance value: 0.59±0.06 vs 0.32±0.04, t=9.64, P<0.001). Transwell assay showed that the cell invasion ability in CXCL11-treated group significantly increased than that in the control group [number of transmembrane cells: (133.4±12.3) cells vs (38.6±4.4) cells, t=16.21, P<0.001]. Western blot analysis showed that the relative expression levels of phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K) and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) in CXCL11-treated group (0.88±0.06 and 0.83±0.04) were significantly higher than those in the control group (0.17±0.04 and 0.23±0.06), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=18.54, P<0.001 and t=15.21, P<0.001). Conclusion:CXCL11 is highly expressed in GBC and closely related to tumor progression. CXCL11 can promote the proliferation and invasion of GBC cells via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 308-311, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of human tumor suppressor folliculin (FLCN) on the expression of melanocyte chemokines (MC) mediated by immune factors in vitiligo.Methods:The MC of vitiligo patients that received autologous melanocyte transplantation in the Department of Dermatology, Hangzhou Third People′s Hospital from January to April 2019 were collected. The blister fluid of the white spot and the normal part was taken. Western blot was used to analyze the expression difference of MC and FLCN protein in normal, vitiligo patients and that induced by immune factors; FLCN shRNA lentivirus was constructed by shRNA and transfected into normal MC (FLCN shRNA MC) to interfere with the expression of silenced FLCN gene. The effect of immune factors on chemokines in FLCN shRNA MC was detected by ELISA.Results:The results of Western blot showed that FLCN protein was highly expressed in melanocytes of vitiligo patients, immune factors stimulated FLCN protein expression in normal melanocytes significantly increased ( t=1.27; P<0.001), chemokine CXCL10 and CCL20 also significantly increased ( t=104.53 and 60.21, respectively; P<0.001). The expression of FLCN in FLCN shRNA MC was significantly decreased ( F=1.95, P<0.001); and the high expression of CXCL10 and CCL20 induced by immune factors was significantly inhibited ( F=93.676 and 74.096, all P<0.001). Conclusions:Immune factors can stimulate the expression of CXCL10 and CCL20, which are closely related to vitiligo, while FLCN is a key protein involved in immune factors inducing melanocyte chemokine expression.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 878-883, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911545

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of folliculin in apoptosis of and chemokine secretion by melanocytes mediated by interferon-γ (IFN-γ) .Methods:Normal primary melanocytes were isolated from circumcised foreskin tissues from a healthy male child, and primary vitiliginous melanocytes were isolated from normally pigmented suction-blistered epidermis from patients with vitiligo after suction blister epidermal grafting. Western blot analysis was performed to determine the folliculin protein expression in normal primary melanocytes, primary vitiliginous melanocytes and a human primary melanocyte line PIG1. PIG1 cells stimulated with 10 ng/ml IFN-γ for 48 hours served as induction group, and untreated PIG1 cells served as control group. Real-time quantitative RCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine the mRNA expression of folliculin, autophagy-related microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) -Ⅱ and Beclin genes, and Western blot analysis to determine the protein expression of folliculin, Beclin1 and LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ, as well as phosphorylation levels of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the above cells. Furthermore, the melanocytes stimulated with 10 ng/ml IFN-γ for 48 hours were divided into several groups: negative control group infected with an empty lentiviral vector, folliculin inhibition group infected with a folliculin-inhibiting lentivirus, autophagy enhancement group infected with a folliculin-inhibiting lentivirus followed by 2-hour treatment with a mTOR inhibitor, autophagy inhibition group infected with a folliculin-inhibiting lentivirus followed by 2-hour treatment with an AMPK inhibitor. Then, flow cytometry was conducted to detect apoptosis of PIG1 cells, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure the concentration of chemokines CXCL10 and CCL20 in the culture supernatant of PIG1 cells in the above groups. Measurement data were compared among multiple groups by using one-way analysis of variance, and multiple comparisons were carried out by using least significant difference- t test. Results:The relative protein expression level of folliculin significantly differed among the normal primary melanocytes (0.850 ± 0.120) , primary vitiliginous melanocytes (1.507 ± 0.170) and PIG1 cells (0.697 ± 0.130; F = 50.09, P < 0.001) , and was significantly higher in the primary vitiliginous melanocytes than in the normal primary melanocytes and PIG1 cells ( t = 4.06, 5.89, respectively, both P < 0.01) . Compared with the control group, the induction group showed significantly increased relative mRNA and protein expression levels of folliculin (both P < 0.01) , but significantly decreased relative mRNA and protein expression levels of LC3Ⅱ and Beclin (all P < 0.01) ; moreover, the induction group showed significantly decreased LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ levels (0.72 ± 0.02) and AMPK phosphorylation levels (0.714 ± 0.023) in the PIG1 cells compared with the control group (1.13 ± 0.02, 1.176 ± 0.002, t = 7.34, 6.67, respectively, both P < 0.01) , but significantly increased mTOR phosphorylation levels (1.051 ± 0.023) compared with the control Group (0.451 ± 0.016, t = 3.81, P = 0.009) . There were significant differences in the PIG1 cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of CXCL10 and CCL20 among the control group, induction group and other treatment groups (all P < 0.001) ; specifically, the PIG1 cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of CXCL10 and CCL20 were significantly higher in the induction group than in the control group, lower in the folliculin inhibition group than in the negative control group, lower in the autophagy enhancement group than in the folliculin inhibition group, and higher in the autophagy inhibition group than in the folliculin inhibition group (all P < 0.05) . Conclusions:Folliculin is highly expressed in vitiliginous melanocytes. Folliculin expression and downstream signaling pathways are regulated by IFN-γ, and folliculin may participate in IFN-γ-mediated melanocyte apoptosis and chemokine secretion via regulating autophagy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 67-69, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882758

ABSTRACT

To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of a child with congenital broncho-bile duct fistula(CBBF) in Guiyang Children′s Hospital in June 2019.A female, aged 7 years and 6 months old, patient presented cough with a large amount of yellow green mucus.The main clinical manifestation was recurrent pulmonary infection after birth.After the fistula was found by electronic bronchoscope, doctors cooperated with imaging department, anesthe-siology department and pediatric surgery department.After treatment, the child recovered and discharged.There are few reports on CBBF.This study suggested that, in view of the refractory pneumonia with recurrent pulmonary infection and yellow green sputum after birth, and that the effect of anti-infection treatment was poor, clinicians should pay attention to the CBBF, take bronchoscopy as soon as possible, and make early diagnosis by combining with imaging technology, thus formulating a reasonable diagnosis and treatment plan under multidisciplinary cooperation, so as to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this rare disease clinical diagnosis and treatment level, and reduce missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis as well.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1866-1870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the dominant genotypes and epidemic characteristics of human rhinovirus (HRV) in pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in China.Methods:Between June 2017 to December 2019, throat swabs or nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from pediatric CAP patients hospitalized in 6 medical institutions in Southern and Northern China (bounded by Qinling and Huaihe River), respectively.A total of 16 species of common respiratory viruses were screened using respiratory pathogen detection kits.Samples with positive HRV were genotyped for further epidemiological analysis.Results:The total detection rate of HRV in pediatric CAP (2 913 cases) was 12.2%(356 cases) in this study, which was 10.3%(145/1 410 cases) and 14.0%(211/1 503 cases) in Northern and Southern China, respectively.The detection rate of HRV in the Southern region was significantly higher than that in the Northern region, the difference was statistically significant( χ2=9.562, P=0.002). Epidemiological analysis showed that the distribution of HRV-positive cases in the Northern region was similar in all age groups, while 90.5% of positive cases in the Southern region were infants under 3 years.Classified by seasonal distribution, HRV-positive cases in the Northern region were mainly distributed in summer and autumn, while those in the Southern region were mainly distributed in spring and autumn.The coinfection rate of HRV and other pathogens was 40.7%, which was significantly higher in the Southern region than that of Northern region (49.0% vs.28.0%), the difference was statistically significant( χ2=15.801, P<0.001). The most common pathogens mixed with HRV were respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human boca virus (HBOV) and parainfluenza virus type Ⅲ (PIV3) in the Northern region, with the mixed infection rate of 5.0%, 5.0% and 4.0%, respectively, which were RSV, PIV3 and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) in the Southern region, with the mixed infection rate of 9.0%, 7.0% and 6.0%, respectively.The genotyping results showed that all three HRV genotypes were detected.HRV-A (118/220 cases) was the dominant genotype, followed by HRV-C(82/220 cases). Conclusions:The detection rate of HRV in pediatric CAP cases is 12.2% in this study.There are significant differences in age and seasonal distribution of HRV-positive cases in the Southern and Northern regions.Coinfection of HRV and other pathogens is detected.The coinfection rate is significantly higher in the Southern region than that in the Northern region.HRV-A is the dominant genotype, followed by HRV-C.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 94-96, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical effect of modified autogenous fat grafting for sunken upper eyelid in order to simplify surgical methods and to reduce complications.Methods:From January 2014 to May 2018, fifty-five patients with sunken upper eyelid were enrolled in this study. The traditional autologous fat filling injection was modified in present study, and the previous injecting method of large columnar fat mass in the deep subcutaneous layer of upper eyelid was modified; instead, small fat particles were injected into the superficial layer of subcutaneous tissue. After treatment the clinical efficacy and complications were evaluated.Results:Fifty-five patients were followed up for more than eight months, among which forty-seven patients were satisfied with the results and the depression of upper eyelid was significantly improved. However, postoperative complications were found in seven patients, including three patients encountered asymmetry, three patients presented upper-eyelid swelling, one patient had a nodule in the eyelid, and one patient suffered both swelling and asymmetry. The complications rate was 14.5%.Conclusions:Modified autologous fat transplantation is an ideal method for cosmetic repair of sunken upper eyelid, which is easy to operate and can effectively reduce the incidence of complications. However, some complications such as swelling, asymmetry and nodule in the upper eyelid still occur occasionally.

11.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 259-265, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify and differentiate cell subsets in the epidermis and dermis of vitiligo skin lesions using single-cell RNA sequencing technology, and to study the relationship between them.Methods:Skin samples were collected from 2 healthy people without immune or systemic diseases and 2 patients with stable non-segmental vitiligo in Department of Dermatology in the Third People′s Hospital of Hangzhou in September 2019. Single-cell transcriptome sequencing was performed on 11 000 cells in all the skin samples by using 10 × Genomics single-cell RNA-Seq technology. Cell subsets were analyzed, screened and counted by using Seurat software.Results:Cluster analysis of gene expression in the 2 normal skin tissues revealed several cell subsets, including keratinocytes, fibroblasts, nerve cells and melanocytes, endothelial cells, tissue stem cells, and immune cells mainly consisting of dendritic cells and T cells. In the 2 vitiligo lesions, abnormal differentiation and quantity were observed in fibroblasts and 4 keratinocyte subpopulations. The proportion of fibroblasts was significantly lower in vitiligo lesions than in normal skin tissues (0 vs. 0.4%) , while the proportions of keratinocyte subpopulations 5, 6, 10 and 12 (8.03%, 7.36%, 3.52%, 0.91%, respectively) in vitiligo lesions were significantly higher than those in the normal skin tissues (4.47%, 3.53%, 2.69%, 0.28%, respectively, all P < 0.01) . Moreover, the above keratinocyte subpopulations were at the end of cell differentiation, and expressed very significant and specific marker genes, which were mainly closely related to cell-cell interactions and cell homeostasis. GO and KEGG analysis showed that keratinocyte subpopulations 5 and 6 were mainly related to intercellular connection, cell adhesion and cytoskeleton function, while the keratinocyte subpopulation 10 was closely related to cell homeostasis. Conclusion:The single-cell sequencing technology was firstly used to study the transcriptional expression profile of vitiligo lesions in China, and preliminary analysis revealed 4 groups of keratinocytes with different quantity and functions, suggesting that abnormal differentiation and dysfunction of keratinocyte subpopulations may affect the occurrence and development of vitiligo.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 205-210, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941092

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the incidence of coronary microvascular disease (CMVD) between patients with non-obstructive and obstructive coronary arteries. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 97 patients with angina pectoris, who underwent the absolute quantitative PET examination of myocardial perfusion and coronary anatomy examination within 90 days. All patients were divided into two groups: non-obstructive group (72 cases, no stenosis ≥50% in all three coronary arteries) and obstructive group (25 cases, at least one coronary stenosis ≥50%; and at least one coronary stenosis<50%). Quantitative parameters derived from PET including rest myocardial blood flow (RMBF), stress myocardial blood flow (SMBF), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and cardiovascular risk factors were compared between the two groups. CMVD was defined as CFR<2.90 and SMBF<2.17 ml·min(-1)·g(-1). Results: Incidence of CMVD was significant higher in the non-obstructive coronary arteries of the obstructive group than in the non-obstructive coronary arteries of non-obstructive group (47.1% (16/34) vs. 25.5% (55/216), χ(2)=6.738, P=0.009) while incidence of CMVD was similar between non-obstructive and obstructive patients ((44% (11/25) vs. 33.3% (24/72), χ(2)=0.915, P=0.339). RMBF ((0.83±0.14) ml·min(-1)·g(-1) vs. (0.82±0.17) ml·min(-1)·g(-1)), SMBF ((2.13±0.60) ml·min(-1)·g(-1) vs. (1.91±0.50) ml·min(-1)·g(-1)) and CFR (2.59±0.66 vs. 2.36±0.47) were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: CMVD can occur in non-obstructive coronary arteries in both patients with non-occlusive coronary arteries and patients with obstructive coronary arteries. Prevalence of CMVD is significantly higher in patients with obstructive coronary arteries than in patients with non-obstructive coronary arteries. The CMVD severity is similar between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Circulation , Coronary Stenosis , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies
14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1294-1302, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the anti- hepatic fibrosis (HF)effects of Qiwei qinggan powder and explore its possible mechanism. METHODS :Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank group ,HF model group ,Qiwei qinggan powder low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose groups [ 135,270,405 mg/(kg·d),by total amount of crude drugs] ,with 12 rats in each group. Except for blank group ,other groups were given 50% CCl4-peanut oil solution intragastrically (2 mL/kg,twice a week ,for consecutive 8 weeks) to induce HF model. At same time , blank group and model group were given constant volume of 0.5% CMC-Na solution intragastrically ;administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 8 weeks. General situation of rats were observedand liver morphology was observed after last administration and hepatic indexes were detected. The contents of liverfunction indexes (ALT,AST,ALP,HYP)in serum and the expression of α-SMA in hepatic tissue were determined , and HE and Masson staining were performed to observe the histopathology. Using the difference multiple of expression quantity as the index ,TMT technology was used to screen the differentially expressed protein in medicine group (combining the liver tissue samples of Qiwei qinggan powder groups )and HF model group. Uniprot-GOA database and KAAS ,KEGG mapper online tools were used to analyze GO and KEGG pathway enrichment. RESULTS :The rats in the blank group were in good health ;the liver was bright red and smooth ,the liver lobules were intact ,no degeneration and necrosis ,inflammatory cell infiltration or fibrous tissue proliferation was found. Compared with blank group ,the rats in HF model group had poor diet ,depressed spirit ,disordered and lusterless fur ;the liver was dark red or yellow with rough surface ,hard texture ,inflammatory cell infiltration ,fiber tissue destruction ,bridge connection and so on ;the hepatic index ,the contents of liver function indexes and the expression of α-SMA were increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with HF model group ,above symptoms of rats were improved to different extent in different dose groups of Qiwei qinggan powder ;hepatic index in Qiwei qinggan powder low-dose group ,the content of ALP in high-dose group ,the contents of ALT,AST and HYP and the expression of α-SMA in different dose groups were decreased significantly (P<0.05). A total of 42 differentially expressed proteins related to HF were screened ,of which 15 were up-regulated and 27 were down-regulated in expression,including fatty acid binding protein 4(FABP4),cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase(CYP7A1). The results of enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed proteins were mainly enriched in extracellular space ,blood particles and other cell parts,involving the molecular functions of oxidoreductase activity and fatty acid binding ,the biological processes of the regulation of heterotypic cell adhesion ,protein activation cascade ,as well as retinol metabolism ,arachidonic acid metabolism ,PPAR and other signal pathway. CONCLUSIONS :Qiwei qinggan powder can reduce the hepatic index ,ALT,AST,ALP and HYP contents in serum ,down-regulate the expression of α-SMA,improve the degree of inflammation and fibrosis of liver tissue ,and have a certain protective effect on rats. The anti-HF mechanism of it involves multiple targets and signal pathways ,such as FABP 4, CYP7A1 and PPAR.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2705-2715, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803229

ABSTRACT

Background@#Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a complicated condition of patients with advanced tumors. Further dissecting the microenvironment of infiltrated immune cells and malignant cells are warranted to understand the immune-evasion mechanisms of tumor development and progression.@*Methods@#The possible involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in malignant pleural fluid was investigated using small RNA sequencing. Regulatory T cell (Treg) markers (CD4, CD25, forkhead box P3), and Helios (also known as IKAROS Family Zinc Finger 2 [IKZF2]) were detected using flow cytometry. The expression levels of IKZF2 and miR-4772-3p were measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The interaction between miR-4772-3p and Helios was determined using dual-luciferase reporter assays. The effects of miR-4772-3p on Helios expression were evaluated using an in vitro system. Correlation assays between miR-4772-3p and functional molecules of Tregs were performed.@*Results@#Compared with non-malignant controls, patients with non-small cell lung cancer had an increased Tregs frequency with Helios expression in the MPE and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The verified downregulation of miR-4772-3p was inversely related to the Helios+ Tregs frequency and Helios expression in the MPE. Overexpression of miR-4772-3p could inhibit Helios expression in in vitro experiments. However, ectopic expression of Helios in induced Tregs reversed the effects induced by miR-4772-3p overexpression. Additionally, miR-4772-3p could regulate Helios expression by directly targeting IKZF2 mRNA.@*Conclusion@#Downregulation of miR-4772-3p, by targeting Helios, contributes to enhanced Tregs activities in the MPE microenvironment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 322-325, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756579

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the abnormalities of local chemokines in patients with vitiligo and to explore the effect of tacrolimus on the secretion of chemokines in keratinocytes.Methods Blister fluids of 50 patients with vitiligo were collected,including lesion areas and normal areas.Luminex was used to analyze the concentration of local chemokines in patients with vitiligo to determine whether the chemokines were closely related to vitiligo.The effect of tacrolimus on chemokine secretion of was analyzed by Western blot in HaCaT cells.Results By Luminex analysis of blister fluid,it was found that CXCL9 and CXCL10 were significantly higher in the leukoplakia of vitiligo,and there was a significant difference,compared with the blister fluid in the normal site (P<0.01).IFN-γ significantly stimulated the keratinocyte cell line HaCat to express CXCL9 and CXCL10.After pretreatment of HaCaT cells with 20 mg tacrolimus,the expression of CXCL9 and CXCL10 was significantly decreased,compared with the blank control (P<0.01).Conclusions The leukoplakia chemokines CXCL9 and CXCL10 are highly expressed in vitiligo patients.The tacrolimus can significantly reduce the expression of CXCL9 and CXCL10 in keratinocytes under stress,and it therefore plays a therapeutic role in vitiligo.

17.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 601-605, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756200

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of surface electromyographic biofeedback (sEMG BFB) combined with routine swallow training in treating dysphagia among those with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiation therapy.Methods Fifty dysphagic patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiation therapy were randomly divided into a biofeedback training group and a routine treatment group,each of 25.Both groups were given routine training including orofacial function training,sensory irritation,behavioral swallowing training,and electrical stimulation.The biofeedback group was additionally given behavioral swallowing training based on sEMG BFB.Before and 4 weeks after the treatment,a videofluoroscopic swallowing study was performed to observe the opening of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES).The penetration aspiration scale (PAS) and the functional oral intake scale (FOIS) were used to evaluate the subjects' swallowing function.Results Before the treatment there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of UES opening,average PAS score or average FOIS score.Everyone improved significantly after the treatment,but compared with the routine treatment group,UES opening was significantly better after the treatment,the average PAS score was lower and the average FOIS score was higher in the biofeedback training group.Conclusion sEMG BFB combined with routine swallowing training can improve the UES opening and swallowing ability of dysphagic patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiation therapy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 429-430, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755770

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of autologous cultured melanocyte transplantation in the treatment of genital vitiligo.Methods A retrospective analysis was carried out.From 2013 to 2016,6 patients with genital vitiligo were enrolled from Department of Dermatology,Hangzhou Third People's Hospital,who received the treatment with autologous cultured melanocyte transplantation.These patients aged 13-29 years,and the age of onset and disease duration ranged from 10 to 19 years and 2 to 10 years respectively.The area of white patches at the genital site ranged from 10 to 25 cm2.Before the transplantation,all the white patches of the 6 patients bad been stable for > 12 months.Two weeks after the treatment,pimecrolimus was applied to the wounds twice a day after crust shedding.When the patient achieved > 90% repigmentation of the white patches,pimecrolimus was applied once per three days for maintenance treatment.After the treatment,these patients were followed up for at least 24 months,and the longest follow-up period was 60 months.Results Obvious pigmentation was observed in all the 6 patients 2 months after the transplantation.Meanwhile,3 patients achieved 80% repigmentation,2 achieved 70% repigmentation,and 1 achieved 50% repigmentation.Six months after the treatment,3 patients achieved 95% repigmentation,2 achieved 80% repigmentation,and 1 still maintained 50% repigmentation.Twelve months after the treatment,95% repigmentation was still maintained in the 3 patients,90% repigmentation was achieved in 2 patients,and 1 patient maintained 50% repigmentation,and these outcomes lasted until the end of follow-up.During the follow-up,no adverse reactions were observed.Conclusion Autologous cultured melanocyte transplantation is effective for the treatment of stable genital vitiligo.

19.
Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics ; (12): 500-503, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817885

ABSTRACT

Rigid bronchoscopy is an effective technique in the diagnosis and treatment of airway diseases,but it has a high operational risk and many complications. In recent years,with the improvement of equipment and technological advancement,the safety of rigid bronchoscopy operation has been improved, and clinical applications have begun to increase. However,in the clinical practice of rigid bronchoscopy, clinicians should judge according to clinical experience,master the insertion technology,and understand the application indications,in order to ensure the safe and effective application.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2705-2715, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774868

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a complicated condition of patients with advanced tumors. Further dissecting the microenvironment of infiltrated immune cells and malignant cells are warranted to understand the immune-evasion mechanisms of tumor development and progression.@*METHODS@#The possible involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in malignant pleural fluid was investigated using small RNA sequencing. Regulatory T cell (Treg) markers (CD4, CD25, forkhead box P3), and Helios (also known as IKAROS Family Zinc Finger 2 [IKZF2]) were detected using flow cytometry. The expression levels of IKZF2 and miR-4772-3p were measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The interaction between miR-4772-3p and Helios was determined using dual-luciferase reporter assays. The effects of miR-4772-3p on Helios expression were evaluated using an in vitro system. Correlation assays between miR-4772-3p and functional molecules of Tregs were performed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-malignant controls, patients with non-small cell lung cancer had an increased Tregs frequency with Helios expression in the MPE and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The verified downregulation of miR-4772-3p was inversely related to the Helios Tregs frequency and Helios expression in the MPE. Overexpression of miR-4772-3p could inhibit Helios expression in in vitro experiments. However, ectopic expression of Helios in induced Tregs reversed the effects induced by miR-4772-3p overexpression. Additionally, miR-4772-3p could regulate Helios expression by directly targeting IKZF2 mRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Downregulation of miR-4772-3p, by targeting Helios, contributes to enhanced Tregs activities in the MPE microenvironment.

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