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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928746

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) in combination of ATG and post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) -induced immune tolerance after transplantation in treatment of childhood myelodysplastic syndromes(MDS).@*METHODS@#From July 2016 to November 2020, a total of 8 children with MDS receiving the haploidentical allo-HSCT combined with ATG and PTCy-induced immune tolerance after transplantation in our hospital were enrolled, whose clinical data were retrospected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Median age at diagnosis of the 8 children (1 male and 7 females) was 6.4 (range, 10 months to 15 years) years old. The median medical history of MDS was 2.7 years (range, 3 months to 8 years). Among the 8 patients, 7 cases were diagnosed with refractory cytopenia of childhood and one with refractory anemia with excess of blasts. The HSC donors were father, mother or brother of patients and HLA matching in 6-9/12 loci were identical. All the donors were healthy and didn't carry the same pathogenic genes as the recipients. The median age of donors was 36.4 (range, 25 to 49) years old. The median mononuclear cell (MNC) number of the graft was 19.8, ranging in (13.2-47.3)×108/kg, and the median CD34+ cell number was 11.8×106/kg, ranging in (5.0-18.3)×106/kg. Graft-versus-host disease prophylactic regimen was started on day 3 and 4 after transplantation, in which cyclophosphamide (50 mg/kg·d) was administered by intravenous infusion. From day 5 after transplantation, low-dose tacrolimus was administered by intravenous infusion and mycophenolate mofetil was administered orally. The median time of neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 12.6 (rang, 11 to 15) days and 13.3 (rang, 11 to 18) days, respectively. All the patients achieved full donor chimerism on neutrophil engraftment after transplantation. The median follow-up time was 1 032 (rang, 747 to 1 536) days. Both overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate were 100%.@*CONCLUSION@#Haplo-HSCT combined with ATG and PTCy-induced immune tolerance after transplantation is a safe and effective treatment for children with MDS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Cyclophosphamide , Female , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Transplantation Conditioning , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on skin lesions and immune inflammatory response in psoriasis mice, and to explore the possible mechanism of moxibustion for psoriasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a moxibustion group and a medication group, 8 mice in each group. Psoriasis model was induced by applying 5% imiquimod cream on the back for 7 days in the model group, the moxibustion group and the medication group. At the same time of model establishment, the moxibustion group was treated with suspension moxibustion on skin lesions on the back, 20 min each time, once a day; the medication group was treated with 1 mg/kg methotrexate tablet solution by gavage, once a day. Both groups were intervened for 7 days. The daily changes of skin lesions were observed, and the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score was evaluated; the histopathological changes of skin lesions were observed by HE staining; the positive expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and T lymphocyte surface marker CD3 were detected by immunohistochemistry; the expression level of serum interleukin (IL) -17A was detected by ELISA, and the relative expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in skin lesions were detected by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#The increased and hypertrophy scale, dry skin, red and swollen epidermis and obvious infiltration were observed in the model group, and each score and total score of PASI were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.01). The scale score, infiltration score, and total score of PASI in the moxibustion group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.01); the infiltration score and total score of PASI in the medication group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The inflammatory cell infiltration in the model group was obvious, and the thickness of epidermal layer was increased compared with that in the normal group (P<0.01); the inflammatory cell infiltration and Munro micro abscess were decreased in the moxibustion group and the medication group, and the thickness of epidermal layer was decreased compared with that in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the positive cell number of PCNA and T was increased (P<0.01), and the body mass was decreased, and the spleen index was increased (P<0.01), and the expression of serum IL-17A and the relative expression of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in the skin lesions was increased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the positive cell number of PCNA and T was reduced (P<0.01), and the spleen index and the relative expression of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA were reduced (P<0.01) in the moxibustion group and the medication group; the body mass of mice in the moxibustion group was higher than that in the model group (P<0.01); the content of serum IL-17A in the medication group was lower than that in the model group (P<0.01); the relative expression of TNF-α, IL-1β mRNA in the moxibustion group was higher than that in the medication group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could effectively improve the scale and infiltration of skin lesions in psoriasis mice. Its mechanism may be related to inhibiting inflammatory response and regulating immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Imiquimod , Male , Mice , Moxibustion , Psoriasis/therapy , Skin , Spleen , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906512

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus medicine on the proliferation and autophagy levels of aortic plaque vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice with atherosclerosis (AS). Method:A total of 40 ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice were fed with high-fat diet to replicate AS animal models. They were randomly divided into model group, Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group, rapamycin group and atorvastatin group, and 10 mice with normal diet C57BL/6J mice were the blank group. The blank group and the model groups were given normal saline by gavage, while Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group, rapamycin group and atorvastatin group were given corresponding drugs by gavage for 8 weeks. After the experiment, the mice were sacrificed. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were detected by the Microplate reader, the ratio of the aortic plaque area to the total area was observed and measured by staining with aortic gross oil red O. Western blot method was used to detect the proliferation-related protein proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin (<italic>α</italic>-SMA) levels of VSMCs in the aortic media. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the autophagosomes of VSMCs and detect the expressions of VSMCs autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1, light chain proteinⅡ (LC3Ⅱ) and p62. Result:Compared with the model group, the Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group showed significant reduction in the aortic lipid accumulation and plaque area of AS mice and the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increase of HDL-C (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus significantly reduced the levels of proliferation-related antigens PCNA and <italic>α</italic>-SMA in aortic VSMCs (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and inhibited the excessive proliferation of VSMCs. Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus significantly up-regulated Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ in aortic VSMCs protein expression, decreased p62 accumulation (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased the expressions of VSMCs autophagosomes, and increased the autophagy level of VSMCs. Conclusion:Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus regulates blood lipid levels in AS mice, and inhibits the excessive proliferation of aortic VSMCs and plaque formation in the aorta of AS mice. The mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of the autophagy activity of VSMCs.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the intervention effect of <italic>n</italic>-butyl alcohol extracts from Xiaoyaosan against depression-like behavior induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) in model mice and the role of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor <italic>β</italic> (IGF-1R<italic>β</italic>)/phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway in such intervention. Method:The effective dose of n-butyl alcohol extracts from Xiaoyaosan was preliminarily determined in model mice with behavioral despair. Then the male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the blank group, model group, fluoxetine group, Xiaoyaosan group, and the low- (20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose (40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) <italic>n</italic>-butyl alcohol extract groups. The mice in all groups except for the blank group were exposed to CUMS for inducing the depression-like behavior, which was judged by the sucrose preference test (SPT). The successfully modeled mice in the medication groups were intragastrically administered with the corresponding drugs, whereas those in the blank and model groups were treated with an equal volume of solvent for five successive weeks. Following the SPT, tail suspension test (TST), and novelty suppressed feeding test (NSFT) at the end of the fifth week, the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels in mouse serum and hippocampus were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The average optical density (<italic>IA</italic>) of Nissl bodies in mouse hippocampal CA3 region was detected by toluidine blue staining. The 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (Brdu) and doublecortin (DCX) expression in the dentate gyrus (DG) was assayed using immunofluorescence method. The protein expression levels of IGF-1R<italic>β</italic>, PI3K, phosphorylated-PI3K (p-PI3K), Akt, p-Akt, cysteine aspartic acid-specific protease 3 (Caspase-3), and cleaved Caspase-3 in the hippocampus were determined by Western blot. Result:The results of forced swimming test and TST showed that n-butyl alcohol extracts from Xiaoyaosan at 9.1 and 40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> both significantly shortened the immobility time of mice (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), indicating that the effective dose ranged from 9.1-40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>. Compared with the model control, the n-butyl alcohol extracts from Xiaoyaosan at 20 and 40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> significantly increased the sucrose preference percentage (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), shortened the immobility time in TST (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and the feeding latency in NSFT (<italic>P</italic><0.01), reversed the down-regulated IGF-1 content in mouse serum and hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased the AOD of Nissl bodies in the hippocampal CA3 region (<italic>P</italic><0.01), promoted the expression of Brdu and DCX in DG (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and down-regulated the protein expression levels of IGF-1R<italic>β</italic> (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), p-PI3K/PI3K (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), p-Akt/Akt (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and cleaved Caspase-3/Caspase-3 in the hippocampus of CUMS mice. Conclusion:The n-butyl alcohol extracts from Xiaoyaosan are equivalent to Xiaoyaosan in inhibiting expression. They alleviate the depression-like behavior in CUMS mice, induce the production of Nissl bodies in hippocampal CA3 region, enhance neuronal proliferation and differentiation in DG, and facilitate neurogenesis. All these may be related to the inhibition of over-activated IGF-1R<italic>β</italic>/PI3K/Akt pathway and the reduction of neuronal apoptosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of Sishenwan on phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin(PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway related genes and proteins in colon tissue and interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and interleukin-10(IL-10) expression levels in serum of ulcerative colitis (UC) model rats with spleen kidney Yang deficiency. Method:The 120 SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group and model group after 7 days of adaptive feeding in SPF laboratory. The model group were given dinitrobenzene sulfonate (DNBS)/ethanol solution enema+hydrocortisone subcutaneously injection+senna leaf gavage to establish UC model of spleen kidney yang deficiency. The rats who successfully established the model were randomly divided into five groups:model group, mesalazine (0.36 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and Sishenwan high, medium and low dose (3.2,1.6,0.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups, the volume of which was 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>. The model group and the blank group were given distilled water of the same volume. Once a day for 21 days. Observe the general conditions of the rats daily, and record the weight, fecal traits and occult blood of the mice for disease activity index (DAI) scoring.Take the rat colon tissue to observe the gross morphology and colon injury, and score the colon mucosal injury index (CMDI). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe pathological changes. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR)was used to detect the expression level of PI3K, Akt, mTOR mRNA in colon tissue. The levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-10 in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression level of PI3K, phosphorylation (p)-PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, p-mTOR protein in colon tissue. Result:Compared with blank group, the general survival status of the rats in model group was relatively poor, the DAI score and the CMDI index were significantly increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The intestinal mucosa partially disappears, the glands disappear, and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrate and gather in the mucosal layer and the base layer in the pathological sections of the model group. The expression levels of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR mRNA were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The IL-1<italic>β</italic> content was significantly increased and the IL-10 content was significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of p-PI3K,p-Akt and p-mTOR protein were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the DAI scores of Sishenwan high and medium dose groups and mesalazine group decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The CMDI index of mesalazine group and the high, middle and low dose groups of Sishenwan was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Pathological sections of rats showed that the inflammatory cells in the drug group decreased, and the mucosal layer structure returned to normal to varying degrees. The mesalazine group and the Sishenwan medium-dose group had the best effects, and the mucosal structure was close to the blank control group. The expression levels of PI3K, Akt, mTOR mRNA in the high and medium dose groups of Sishenwan, mesalazine group and Akt mRNA in low dose group of Sishenwan were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of PI3K and mTOR mRNA in low-dose group of Sishenwan decreased, but the difference was not statistically significant. The IL-1<italic>β</italic> content was significantly reduced and the IL-10 content was significantly increased in high, medium dose groups of Sishenwan and mesalazine groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The level of IL-1<italic>β</italic> decreased and the level of IL-10 increased in the low-dose group of Sishenwan, but the difference was not statistically significant. The expression levels of p-PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR protein in the high, medium, and low dose groups of Sishenwan and mesalazine group decreased to varying degrees, and the differences were statistically significant(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Sishenwan has the effect of improving the general condition and intestinal mucosal damage of ulcerative colitis model rats with spleen and kidney Yang deficiency. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the contractile properties of the lumbar erector spinae in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP), and to explore their correlation with pain and dysfunction. Methods:From January to June, 2020, 24 patients with CNLBP in the outpatient and the ward of geriatric rehabilitation medicine department and 26 asymptomatic volunteers were included. Their contractile properties of the lumbar erector spinae were measured with tensiomyography, including maximum radial muscle displacement (Dm), contraction time (Tc), delay time (Td), sustain time (Ts), half-time relaxation (Tr) and lateral symmetry (LS). The contraction velocity (VC) was calculated. Potential associations of tensiomyography parameters to Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were assessed using correlation analysis. Results:No significant differences were found in Td, Ts, Tc, Tr and LS between two groups (P > 0.05). Dm and Vc were significantly lower in both sides of CNLBP group than in the control group (t > 2.058, P < 0.01). Dm or Vc were not correlated with VAS and ODI (P > 0.05). Conclusion:Erector spinae are stiff and fatiguable in patients with CNLBP, however, they are not associated with pain and dysfunction. Tensiomyography could be used for accurate diagnosis and treatment of CNLBP.

7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 931-939, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921298

ABSTRACT

Endothelial tight junctions (TJs) serve as an important barrier in vascular endothelial structure and maintain vascular function homeostasis. Occludin, the most representative tight junction protein, is involved in sealing cell connections and maintaining the integrity and permeability of vascular endothelium. Recent studies have shown that alterations in the expression, distribution, and structure of endothelial TJs may lead to many related vascular diseases and pathologies (such as stroke, atherosclerosis, and pulmonary hypertension etc.). Here, we reviewed the research advances on the relationship between occludin and vascular endothelial injury, including the biological information of occludin, the signal pathways that occludin exerts the protective effect of vascular endothelium, and the relationship between occludin and vascular endothelial injury-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Endothelium, Vascular , Occludin/genetics , Signal Transduction , Tight Junctions
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2438-2446, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), human mobility restriction measures have raised controversies, partly because of the inconsistent findings. An empirical study is promptly needed to reliably assess the causal effects of the mobility restriction. The purpose of this study was to quantify the causal effects of human mobility restriction on the spread of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#Our study applied the difference-in-difference (DID) model to assess the declines of population mobility at the city level, and used the log-log regression model to examine the effects of population mobility declines on the disease spread measured by cumulative or new cases of COVID-19 over time after adjusting for confounders.@*RESULTS@#The DID model showed that a continual expansion of the relative declines over time in 2020. After 4 weeks, population mobility declined by -54.81% (interquartile range, -65.50% to -43.56%). The accrued population mobility declines were associated with the significant reduction of cumulative COVID-19 cases throughout 6 weeks (ie, 1% decline of population mobility was associated with 0.72% [95% CI: 0.50%-0.93%] reduction of cumulative cases for 1 week, 1.42% 2 weeks, 1.69% 3 weeks, 1.72% 4 weeks, 1.64% 5 weeks, and 1.52% 6 weeks). The impact on the weekly new cases seemed greater in the first 4 weeks but faded thereafter. The effects on cumulative cases differed by cities of different population sizes, with greater effects seen in larger cities.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Persistent population mobility restrictions are well deserved. Implementation of mobility restrictions in major cities with large population sizes may be even more important.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912863

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of mild moxibustion on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) visceral hyperalgesiamodel rats and its regulatory effect on P2X3 receptors in the spinal cord, anterior cingutate cortex (ACC) and thalamic ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL). Methods: Thirty 8-day-old newborn rats were randomly divided into a normal group (n=6) and a modeling group (n=24) according to the completely random number table method. Rats in the normal group were bred routinely, and those in the modeling group were subjected to preparing IBS chronic visceral hyperalgesia model using colorectal distention (CRD) in stimulation method. Rats successfully modelled were re-divided into a model group, a mild moxibustion group, a P2X3 receptor antagonist group, and a normal saline group according to the completely random number table method with 6 rats in each group. Rats in each group received corresponding interventions from the 37-day old, once a day for 7 consecutive days. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays were used to detect P2X3 protein expressions in the spinal cord, ACC and VPL of rats. Results: Under different intensities of CRD stimulation, the abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scores of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.05); the AWR scores of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). The P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.01); the P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Mild moxibustion can inhibit the P2X3 receptor expressions in the spinal cord, ACC, and VPL tissues of IBS visceral hyperalgesia model rats, which may be the mechanism of mild moxibustion in relieving the central sensitization of rats with IBS visceral hyperalgesia.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 502-506, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safty of robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy in treatment of Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus without cardiopulmonary bypass and thoracotomy.Methods:The clinical data of 4 patients with renal cell carcinoma and Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus by robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy from January 2013 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 53.5 (53-70) years. The average body mass index was 23.25 (20.7-26.3) kg/m 2. The tumors were located on the right side in 2 cases. The average maximum diameter of the tumor was 8.1 (3.6-11.2) cm.Preoperative tumor thrombus of all patients was classified as Ⅳa. The average preoperative length of tumor thrombus in vena cava was 12.3 (11.8-18.0) cm. All the operations were performed under multidisciplinary cooperation of urology, hepatobiliary, cardiovascular, ultrasound and anesthesiologist team. Surgical procedure: Robot assisted liver mobilization was used to expose the inferior vena cava. Under the guidance of intraoperative ultrasound, the central tendon and pericardium of diaphragm were dissected until the inferior vena cava and right atrium in the superior pericardium were exposed. The first porta hepatis and inferior vena cava were blocked in turn.The vena cava thrombectomy and inferior vena cava reconstruction were performed. Results:All the operations were completed without conversion. The median operation time was 553.5 (338-642) minutes, and the median time of the first porta hepatis occlusion was 18.1 (14-32)minutes. The median blood loss was 1 900(1 000-2 600)ml. All patients were transferred to ICU after operation. The median length of stay in ICU was 7(4-8) days, and the median time of indwelling drainage tube was 8(4-12) days. The average postoperative hospital stay was 13(11-20) days. There were 1 case of grade Ⅱ and 3 cases of grade Ⅲ complications (Clavien classification). One case had paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, one case had lymphatic fistula, one case had pleural effusion with atelectasis, and one case had hepatic and renal insufficiency and lymphatic fistula. The complications were improved after treatment. There was no perioperative death.Conclusions:Robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy is an alternative method for the treatment of Ⅳa grade inferior vena cava tumor thrombus. Using this method, Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus can be treated without cardiopulmonary bypass and thoracotomy, with controllable complications and zero perioperative mortality.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 872-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Sacubitril/Valsartan on the recurrence of atrial fibrillation(AF), cardiac structure and function after catheter ablation(CA)of persistent AF.Methods:A total of 180 patients with persistent AF were randomly divided into the treatment group(n=90)and the control group(n=90)before undergoing CA.The control group was given routine perioperative medication according to the guidelines for AF management, and the treatment group was additionally given Sacubitril/Valsartan.Blood pressure, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP), P-wave dispersion, left atrial dimension, left atrial volume index, mitral regurgitation area, left ventricular end-systolic volume index, end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)were measured at 3, 6 and 12 months after the procedure.Results:Blood pressure was lower in the treatment group than in the control group( P<0.05), but no hypotension or related symptoms occurred.The sinus rhythm maintenance rate was higher in the treatment group than in the control group at 3, 6 and 12 months during the follow-up(80.0%, 72.2%, 78.9% vs.70.0%, 75.6%, 68.9%, χ2=4.866, 6.667 and 4.091, P=0.027, 0.010 and 0.043, respectively). At 6 and 12 months during the follow-up, NT-proBNP, P-wave dispersion, left atrial diameter, left atrial volume index, mitral regurgitation area, left ventricular end-systolic volume index and end-diastolic volume index were lower(all P<0.05)and LVEF was higher( P<0.05)in the treatment group than in the control group. Conclusions:In patients with persistent AF after CA, Sacubitril/Valsartan has favorable effects in maintaining sinus rhythm, reversing cardiac remodeling and improving cardiac function.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1019-1027, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression of different transcripts of lactamase β(LACTB) gene in leukemic cell lines.@*METHODS@#NCBI website and DNAstar software were used to detect the Bioinformatics analysis of LACTB. The expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines (THP-1, HL60, K562, U937, Jurkat and Raji) was detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), DNA and clone sequencing; the expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines was detected by Quantitative Real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#There were a variety of splicing isomers in LACTB, and it could produce a variety of protein isomers with conserved N-terminal and different C-terminal, moreover, there were many splice isoforms of LACTB in leukemia cell lines, and there were different expression patterns in different cell lines, including XR1, V1, V2 and V3. The expression of total LACTB showed high in HL60 cells, while low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The V1 was high expression in U937 cells but low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). V2 was high expression in HL60 cells but lowly in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of V3 was low in THP-1 cells, which was significantly different as compared with that in normal bone marrow (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The reaserch found that there are many splice isomers of LACTB in leukemic cell lines, and there are different expression patterns in different cell lines.


Subject(s)
Alternative Splicing , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , RNA Splicing , U937 Cells , beta-Lactamases/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887870

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of air pollution on the number of emergency room visits for respiratory diseases in residents at different ages and its seasonal changes in Lanzhou,so as to provide a scientific basis for the early prevention of respiratory diseases in Lanzhou. Methods The daily number of emergency room visits for respiratory diseases in three class A hospitals in Lanzhou from January 1,2013 to December 31,2017,as well as the air pollutants and meteorological data of Lanzhou in the same period,was collected.After controlling the confounding factors including long-term trend of time,meteorological factors and day-of-week effect using a generalized additive model,we analyzed the relationships between air pollutants and the daily number of emergency room visits for respiratory diseases,and explored whether there was a lag effect of air pollutants.Results From 2013 to 2017,the emergency room visits for respiratory diseases in Lanzhou had a total number of 124 871,with an average of 69(1-367)visits per day.The single pollutant model showed that among the six conventional air pollutants monitored in Lanzhou,PM


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Seasons , Young Adult
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1804-1810, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887025

ABSTRACT

To study the changes in the pharmacokinetic behavior of four coumarins (bergapten, oxypeucedanin, imperatorin and isoimperatorin) in rats before and after combinating Angelicae Dahuricae Radix with Chuanxiong Rhizoma. The plasma concentrations of the drugs were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection (UPLC-FLD) for dose response and time dependent curves. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 3.2.8, and SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze the differences of main pharmacokinetic parameters between the two groups. The result showed: comparing with Angelicae Dahuricae Radix group, the area under drug time curve (AUC0-24 h) of bergapten, oxypeucedanin and imperatorin increased by 177.2%, 97.14% and 54.43% respectively, AUC0-∞ increased by 282.3%, 104.2%, and 75.40% respectively, and clearance rate (CLZ/F) decreased by 68.26%, 51.08% and 43.98% respectively; the peak drug concentration (Cmax) of four coumarins was significantly increased; the distribution volume (VZ/F) of bergapten was significantly decreased. These data indicated that Chuanxiong Rhizoma can promote the absorption of coumarins in Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, slow down the elimination of coumarins, and increase their bioavailability in vivo. The animal experiment scheme in this study has been approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (approval number: BUCM-4-2020083105-3072).

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1025-1034, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886993

ABSTRACT

In the past few decades, our understanding of platelets has made great progress. Platelets play an unexpected central role in cancer and greatly affect the behavior of cancer cells. At the same time, the physiology and phenotype of platelets are also affected by cancer cells. Therefore, platelet-based tumor targeted therapy strategies have attracted the attention of researchers, but the limitations of their application require more attention. In this paper, the strategies of platelet-based tumor targeted therapy are summarized, and the strategies of platelet mimicking nanocarrier delivery, platelet hitch riding, platelet membrane coating biomimetic and engineered platelet targeting are mainly introduced. The easy activation, hard storage and unknown functional and phenotypic changes of platelets were discussed. At the same time, the strategy of platelet-based targeted tumor therapy is reviewed from theoretical basis and practical application. The development potential of platelets in the field of tumor diagnosis and treatment is discussed, which will provide some theoretical reference for the study of platelet-related tumor diagnosis and targeted therapy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884993

ABSTRACT

It is important to investigate the mechanical effects of morphology of prostatic urethra (PU) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). PU and bladder neck transverse diameter ratio (RPU-1), which related to vortex, and their influence on urine flow were observed by CFD. The results showed that vortexes appeared and expanded with increasing RPU on both sides of PU when RPU-1>0.79, and velocity of external urethral orifice decreased gradually. CFD is an available method for urodynamics research. The quantitative simulation of the relationship between RPU-1 and vortex was proposed for the first time, providing a new idea for advancing theory of PU lumen repair in BPH.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of shear wave dispersion imaging in identifying inflammatory reaction zone after liver ablation in rabbits.Methods:The animal model was made by laser ablation of rabbit liver, and then shear wave dispersion imaging and strain elastography imaging were performed on the ablation area at 3 d, 7 d, and 14 d after ablation. The shear wave dispersion values, elastic value and strain ratio measured by shear wave elastography, shear wave dispersion and strain elastography in different regions such as central necrotic tissue, surrounding inflammatory reaction zone and normal liver tissue after ablation were analyzed.Results:The shear wave dispersion values of inflammatory reaction zone around ablation site, necrotic tissue in the center of ablation site and normal liver tissue in rabbits were (26.07±4.55)m·s -1·kHz -1, (21.97±10.53)m·s -1·kHz -1and (15.45±3.94)m·s -1·kHz -1, respectively, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Compared with the three time points of 3 d, 7 d and 14 d after ablation, the shear wave dispersion value of the inflammatory zone was the highest on the 7th day after ablation ( P<0.05), while the elastic value and strain ratio in this region did not change significantly among these three time points ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Shear wave dispersion imaging can simultaneously measure tissue elasticity and viscosity, which has certain application value in identifying the inflammatory reaction zone around the ablation site in rabbit liver.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883095

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore risk factors of skin pruritus in peritoneal dialysis patients and the effect of individualized care intervention, to provide guidance for clinical practice.Methods:The total of 87 patients with peritoneal dialysis who were followed-up with pruritus in the Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2017 to June 2020 were selected. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the degree of pruritus, and the patients were divided into two groups: mild-to-moderate skin pruritus group (VAS≤6 points) and severe skin pruritus group (VAS>6 points). The risk factors of severe skin pruritus were analyzed by single factor and multivariate Logistic regression. The improvement of skin pruritus after 3 months of individualized nursing intervention was observed.Results:Among the 87 patients, the mild-to-moderate skin pruritus group and the severe skin pruritus group accounted for 64.4%(56/87) and 35.6%(31/87), respectively. Single factor analysis showed that the age, prevalence of diabetes, serum albumin, serum phosphorus, intact parathyroid hormone and C-reactive protein levels were (61.8 ± 11.5) years old, 33.3%(19/56), (36.3 ± 5.3) g/L, (1.6 ± 0.5) mmol/L, 328.4(144.9, 494.5) ng/L, 2.8(0.6, 8.3) ng/L in the mild-to-moderate skin pruritus group, and (67.0 ± 9.2) years old, 61.1%(19/31), (33.9 ± 4.8) g/L, (1.9 ± 0.3) mmol/L, 397.0(300.0,758.6) ng/L, 7.2(2.6, 17.2) mg/L in the severe skin pruritus group, the differences were significant between the two groups ( t values were -2.17, 2.14, -2.32, Z values were -2.28, -2.90, χ 2 value was 6.07, P<0.05). Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed that low albumin, high blood phosphorus and high C-reactive protein were independent risk factors for severe skin pruritus in peritoneal dialysis patients ( P<0.05). After 3 months of individualized care,18.4% (16/87) patients had complete remission,19.5% (17/87) patients significantly relieved, 55.2% (48/87) relieved, 6.9% (6/87) were ineffective, and the total response rate was 93.1%(81/87). Conclusions:More than one-third of peritoneal dialysis patients with pruritus are severe. Lower serum albumin, higher serum phosphorus and higher C-reactive protein are independent risk factors for severe pruritus in peritoneal dialysis patients. Individualized care can effectively improve pruritus in peritoneal dialysis patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability of several formulae for estimating the quantity of glucose absorption of peritoneal dialysate (GA).Methods:Forty-four patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) were enrolled in this study. The quantities of GA obtained from actual measurement and estimation were compared to judge whether there was statistical difference between them.Results:The GA quantities estimated by Grodstein formula, Bodnar formula, K/DOQI formula, empirical method A (based on 60% absorption rate) and empirical method B (based on 50% absorption rate in daytime and 80% absorption rate in night) were as follows: 81.3 (64.2, 118.0) g, (97.8±19.7) g, (94.1±25.8) g, 87.1 (76.2, 109.0) g and (89.5±16.0) g, respectively; the actually measured GA quantity was [94.2 (77.5, 111.6)] g. Wilcoxon signed rank test of paired samples showed that only the results of Bodnar formula and K/DOQI formula did not present statistical differences from actually measured result.Conclusion:It can be considered to use Bodnar formula and K/DOQI formula to roughly estimate the GA quantity of CAPD patients, but to accurately understand the individual GA value, actual measurement is still required.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of precursor B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia with C- MYC rearrangement (preBLL) in children. Methods:The clinical data in 2 cases of childhood preBLL in Department of Hematology, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics in June and August 2019 were summarized and analyzed.Results:Both cases were acute lymphoblastic leukemia with precursor B-cell immunophenotype.Hepatosplenomegaly and peripheral white blood cells were significantly increased, and the morphology of bone marrow was L3. C- MYC rearrangement was discovered by cytogenetic tests.Both children have received the treatment of the mature B-cell tumor protocol (FAB/LMB96), and early remission was developed in 1 case with TP53 gene mutation but relapsed thereafter and died finally.Another case had reached sustained complete remission after treatment. Conclusions:Children with preBLL is rare, and routine C- MYC rearrangement should be performed in children with Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia whose morphology of bone marrow was L3.Its treatment needs to be further studied, and multi-center clinical trials need to be actively conducted to analyze and summarize large numbers of cases to identify effective protocol and improve the prognosis.

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