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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1118-1125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921853

ABSTRACT

Oncogene StarD4 had the function of promoting proliferation and metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), but its clinical value and molecular mechanism are unknown. This paper found that StarD4 was highly expressed in cancer tissues of TNBC patients, and higher expression level of StarD4 in TNBC patient resulted in poorer prognosis. Based on transcriptomics of MDA-MB-231 cell model, the results of bioinformatics analysis showed that down-regulated expression level of StarD4 led to overall downregulation of cholesterol-relative genes and significant enrichment of cancer mechanism and pathway. Further analysis and investigation verified that StarD4 might cross-promote the protein stability of receptor ITGA5 through the cholesterol pathway to enhance TNBC progression, which provides guidance for clinical application of TNBC diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Lipids , Membrane Transport Proteins , Phosphoproteins
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the hippocampal subfield volumes before and after taking hydrochloric donepezil in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods:From January, 2017 to June, 2018, 25 mild AD patients accepted hydrochloric donepezil (treatment group), 25 patients accepted placebo (placebo group) and 25 age- and gender-matched healthy old people (control group) were scanned with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) under 3D-T1 TFE sequence before and after a six-month treatment, and the automated segmentation of the hippocampus subfields was fulfilled with FreeSurfer and the hippocampus subfield volumes were compared, while the patients were assessed with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Results:Compared with the control group, the volumes of left CA1, CA2-3 and CA4-DG, and right CA1 and CA2-3 were reduced in patients before treatment (t > 2.294, P < 0.05). The volume of left CA4-DG increased in the treatment group compared with that of the placebo group after treatment (t = 2.196, P < 0.05), and the volume of bilateral CA1 and CA2-3 tended to increase but not significantly (t < 1.888, P > 0.065). The MMSE score was more in the treatment group than in the placebo group after treatment (t = 2.764, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The association with asymmetric atrophy in the hippocampal subfields has been found in mild AD patients, especially in left CA4-DG, which may be used as a valuable marker for diagnosis and evaluation for treatment at early stage.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813252

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the potential clinical benefit on radiotherapy to supraclavicular region on patients pT1-2N1M0 breast cancer with after mastectomy.
 Methods: A total of 923 patients with pT1-2N1M0 treated by radiotherapy (RT) to chest wall plus supraclavicular region (supraclavicular RT group, SCRT) or RT to chest wall only (non-supraclavicular RT, NSCRT) were retrospectively analyzed. Supraclavicular fossae recurrence (SCFR) rate and overall survival (OS) rate were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. The risk factors for SCFR were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analysis.
 Results: In the following-up period (medium time: 108 months; range from 6 to 179 months), the 5-year and 10-year SCFR in the NSCRT group and the SCRT group were 3.5% and 1.5% (P=0.052), 7% and 2.6% (P=0.001), and the 5-year and 10-year OS were 81.5% and 87.3% (P=0.023), 67.9% and 78.4% (P=0.001), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that risk factors associated with SCFR were age <35 years (P=0.016), T2 stage (P=0.018), 3 axillary lymph nodes (P=0.006), progesterone receptor negative (P=0.038), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 positive (P=0.01). Multivariate analysis further demonstrated that T2 stage and age<35, with 3 positive axillary lymph nodes were SCFR-independent prognostic factors. Analysis was conducted by grouping patients with any two of the three items as a high-risk group and patients without or with only one of the three conditions as a low-risk group. RT in the supraclavicular region significantly reduced the 10-year SCFR in the high-risk group (NSCRT, 30.2%; SCRT, 4.5%, P<0.001). However, this benefit was not obvious in the low-risk group (NSCRT, 4%; SCRT, 1.8%, P=0.063).
 Conclusion: RT in supraclavicular region should be recommended to pT1-2N1M0 breast cancer patients with two of the three items (<35 years, T2 stage diseases, and 3 axillary lymph node metastasis). High-risk patients need SCRT; whereas the low-risk patients do not need.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , General Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Mastectomy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 423-429, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808806

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the application of iASSIST assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and three-dimentional(3D) printing personal specific instrument (PSI) assist TKA in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 47 patients with OA admitted at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in Nanjing Medical University Nanjing Hospital between April and September 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, including 20 males and 27 females, aging from 57 to 77 years with mean age of (63.8±8.2) years. They were randomly divided into iASSIST-TKA group (23 patients) and PSI-TKA group (24 patients). The data such as hip knee ankle (HKA) angle, frontal femoral component (FFC) angle, frontal tibial component (FTC) angle, lateral femoral component (LFC) angle, lateral tibial component (LTC) angle, time of operation, post-operative wound drainage, period of hospitalization, visual analog scale (VAS) and Knee Society Score (KSS) at 1 day, 7 days, 14 days, 1 month and 3 months were recorded and compared between the two groups. T test was used to compare measurement data, Fisher exact test and χ2 test were applied to enumeration data in comparison among groups, and Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to ranked data.@*Results@#The deviation values of HKA, FFC, LFC, FTC and LTC angles were all below 3°(-2° to 2°), and there were no significant difference between iASSIST-TKA group and PSI-TKA group (Z=-0.610 to 0.000, P=0.542 to 1.000). Compared to PSI-TKA group, the time of operation was long((80.7±8.8) minutes vs.(60.2±7.8) minutes), the amount of post-operative wound drainage was increased((210.7±32.1) ml vs.(185.5±30.2)ml) and the period of hospitalization decreased((5.4±2.4) d vs.(6.7±1.6) d) in iASSIST-TKA group, there were significant difference(t=-2.190 to 8.460, P=0.000 to 0.033). There were no significant difference in intra-operative blood drainage((18.4±5.4) ml vs.(17.3±6.2) ml) between the two groups(t=0.650, P=0.521). PSI-TKA group had a superior VAS score(4.8±0.6 vs. 5.5±0.9, 3.6±0.8 vs. 4.3±0.9), KSS clinical score(49.3±5.5 vs. 44.2±6.4, 54.9±4.0 vs. 50.8±4.2) and KSS function score(44.1±2.9 vs. 41.2±3.5, 49.6±3.8 vs. 46.6±3.2) in 1 day and 7 days post-operation(t=-3.420 to 3.150, P=0.001 to 0.007). There were no significant difference in VAS and KSS score in 14 days, 1 month and 3 months post-operation(t=-1.390 to 0.530, P=0.170 to 1.000) between the two groups.@*Conclusions@#The iASSIST-TKA and PSI-TKA can help to make TKA procedure more accurately. iASSIST-TKA may take longer time of operation and have slower recovery, PSI-TKA may need more X-ray input and longer period of hospitalization. The long-term research of both techniques may be valuable for the further clinical usage.

6.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1053-1059, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703042

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution and sequence conservation of P6 outer membrane protein (OMP6)-encoding gene of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae isolates as well as screen and identify the predominant T-and B-cell (T-B)-combined antigenic epitopes in OMP6 sequences and their immunogenicity.The entire omp6 genes of NTHi isolates were amplified by PCR and the amplification products were sequenced after T-A cloning.By using bioinformatic softwares,the sequence conservation and membrane location of OMP6 were analyzed as well as the T-B-combined antigenic epitopes in OMP6 were predicted.The immunogenicity and immunoreactivity of T-B-combined antigenic epitope peptides displayed by recombinant phage PⅢ proteins (rPⅢ) were determined by Western Blot assay and ELISA.The PCR showed that all the 35 NTHi isolates tested were detectable for omp6 gene.The identities of nucleotide and amino acid sequences of omp6 genes from 28 strains in the NTHi isolates were 98.3%-100% and 99.3 %-100%,respectively.OMP6 of NTHi was predicted as an outer membrane superficial protein that contains OMP6-2-25,OMP6-61-86 and OMP6-98-126 predicted T-B-combined antigenic epitopes.The immunoblotting assay and ELISA confirmed that OMP6-2-25 presented stronger hybridization band with NTHi antisera while 96.9% (59/62),69.4% (43/62) and 74.2% (46/62) of serum samples from NTHi-infected children were positive for OMP6-2-25,OMP6-61-86 and OMP6-98-126 T-B-combined antigenic epitope peptides,respectively.All the results lead to a conclusion thatomp6 is an extensive distribution and sequence conserved gene of NTHi,and OMP6-2-25 is the predominant T-B-combined antigenic epitopes which can be used as the candidates for developing multiple antigenic peptide vaccine against NTHi.

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 131-133,159, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792373

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of maternal history of allergy on the cytokine level in umbilical cord blood. Methods A prospective study was conducted among pregnant women in Yiwu City,China.136 participants were selected from the Yiwu maternal and child healthcare hospital in 2012.A questionnaire interview was conducted.The umbilical cord blood sample were collected to detect the level of IgE,eosinophile granulocyte,eotaxin,IL -9,IL -6,IL -4,IL -5, IFN -γ,IL -10.The association between allergy history and cytokine levels was analyzed.Results All subjects were recruited and divided into two groups(pregnant women with allergy history and without allergy history).Compared with the pregnant women with allergy history,these subjects without allergy history had higher IL -13 (5.52 pg/ml vs 2.84 pg/ml) and IL4 (43.33 pg/ml vs 8.23 pg/ml)(P <0.05).Besides,there is a correlation between IL -13 and IL -4 (rs =0.87,P <0.01).Partial correlation analysis showed the correlaiots among IL -4,IL -5,IL -9,IL -10,IFN -γand eotaxin.Conclusion The levels of IL -13 and IL -4 are significantly associated with the history of allergy in pregnant women.It could be considered the indexes are sensitive for early screening and surveillance of allergy for babies.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 245-248, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792286

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of parental history of allergy on the cytokine level of umbilical cord blood of neonates.Methods A prospective study was conducted which selected the pregnant women attending Yiwu maternal and child healthcare hospital from July to December in 2012 as objects.The umbilical cord blood sample were collected to detect the level of IgE,eosinophile granulocyte,eotaxin,IL -9,IL -6,IL -4,IL -5,IFN -γand IL -10. Results A total of 136 subjects were recruited and divided into three groups according to the status of parental allergy histories.There was no significant difference in social and demographic characteristics among the three groups (P>0.05). Three groups have significantly different median concentration of IL-13 (1.82pg/mL vs.3.24pg/mL vs.6.12pg/mL), eotaxin (29.33pg/mL vs.50.71pg/mL vs.60.15pg/mL),IL-9 (43.75pg/mL vs.111.17pg/mL vs.183.19pg/mL), IL-6 (11.49pg/mL vs.19.35pg/mL vs.26.09pg/mL),IL-4 (3.67pg/mL vs.21.27pg/mL vs.49.51pg/mL),IL-5 (4.26pg/mL vs.7.69pg/mL vs.10.66pg/mL),IFN-γ(338.65pg/mL vs.649.17pg/mL vs.834.14pg/mL),IL-10 (7.13pg/mL vs.10.56pg/mL vs.14.64pg/mL),P <0.05.Conclusion Parental history of allergy could have influence on cytokine level of umbilical cord blood.Early screening and surveillance in neonates whose parents have history of allergy should be taken to guide early interventions.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2276-2280, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272995

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Data on the epidemiology of hypertension in Chinese non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the non-dialysis CKD patients through a nationwide, multicenter study in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The survey was performed in 61 tertiary hospitals in 31 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions in China (except Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan). Trained physicians collected demographic and clinical data and measured blood pressure (BP) using a standardized protocol. Hypertension was defined as systolic BP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg, and/or use of antihypertensive medications. BP < 140/90 mmHg and < 130/80 mmHg were used as the 2 thresholds of hypertension control. In multivariate logistic regression with adjustment for sex and age, we analyzed the association between CKD stages and uncontrolled hypertension in non-dialysis CKD patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The analysis included 8927 non-dialysis CKD patients. The prevalence, awareness, and treatment of hypertension in non-dialysis CKD patients were 67.3%, 85.8%, and 81.0%, respectively. Of hypertensive CKD patients, 33.1% and 14.1% had controlled BP to < 140/90 mmHg and < 130/80 mmHg, respectively. With successive CKD stages, the prevalence of hypertension in non-dialysis CKD patients increased, but the control of hypertension decreased (P < 0.001). When the threshold of BP < 130/80 mmHg was considered, the risk of uncontrolled hypertension in CKD 2, 3a, 3b, 4, and 5 stages increased 1.3, 1.4, 1.4, 2.5, and 4.0 times compared with CKD 1 stage, respectively (P < 0.05). Using the threshold of < 140/90 mmHg, the risk of uncontrolled hypertension increased in advanced stages (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of hypertension Chinese non-dialysis CKD patients was high, and the hypertension control was suboptimal. With successive CKD stages, the risk of uncontrolled hypertension increased.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Awareness , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2821-2825, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263576

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It is necessary to develop some innovative methods to reveal and discover the novel (SLE)-related protein molecules. In the present study, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was employed to detect the differential expression of serum polypeptides in the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presenting with a family history or complicating with kidney injury so as to identify the proteins associated with the genetic factors and kidney injury in SLE.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The subjects recruited were divided into four groups, that is, a group of SLE patients with both family history and kidney injury, a group of SLE patients with only kidney injury but no family history, a group of SLE patients with neither family history nor kidney injury, and a control group consisting of healthy volunteers. By adopting MALDI-TOF MS analysis, the serum samples obtained from the three groups of SLE patients were examined and compared with those from the control group; the categorized peptide fingerprint profile was established via the biological data collected from the samples.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of protein with a m/z of 4207 Da increased significantly in SLE patients; the protein with a m/z of 2658 Da was expressed in all SLE patients; three proteins (with m/z of 1465, 5332, and 5900 Da respectively) were expressed in the SLE patients complicated with kidney injury and the protein with a m/z of 1943 Da was expressed in SLE patients with family history.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A number of differential proteins were successfully detected and identified through MALDI-TOF MS detection and these proteins may be associated with the genetic basis of SLE and the complicating kidney injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Genetics , Middle Aged , Peptide Mapping , Methods , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4204-4209, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327602

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>A multi-center large scale study is needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of domestic peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions. Some researchers believe that 6 L/d is enough for adequate dialysis, but there is no multi-center prospective study on Chinese population to confirm this. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of domestic PD solution (Changfu) and its difference between 6 L and 8 L dosage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult PD patients who had taken PD therapy for at least one month were selected and divided into four groups according to two dialysis solution brands and two dialysis dosages, i.e., 6 L dose with Changfu dialysis solution, 6 L dose with Baxter dialysis solution, 8 L dose with Changfu dialysis solution, and 8 L dose with Baxter dialysis solution. After 48 weeks, the changes of primary and secondary efficacy indices were compared between different types and different dosages. We also analyzed the changes of safety indices.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Changes of Kt/V from baseline to 48 weeks between Changfu and Baxter showed no statistical differences; so did those of creatinine clearance rate (Ccr). Normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR) from baseline to 48 weeks between Changfu and Baxter showed no statistical differences; so did those of net ultrafiltration volume (nUF) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Changes of nPCR from baseline to 48 weeks between 6 L and 8 L showed no statistical differences; so did those of nUF and eGFR. The decline of Kt/V from baseline to 48 weeks in 6 L group was more than that in 8 L group. Change of Ccr was similar. During the 48-week period, the mean Kt/V was above 1.7/w, and mean Ccr was above 50 L×1.73 m(-2)×w(-1). More adverse events were found in Changfu group before Changfu Corporation commenced technology optimization, and the statistical differences disappeared after that.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The domestic PD solution (Changfu) was proven to be as effective as Baxter dialysis solution. During 48-week period, a dosage of 6 L/d was enough for these patients to reach adequate PD. Clinical study promotes technological optimization, further helps to improve the safety indices of the medical products.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Dialysis Solutions , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Dialysis , Methods , Young Adult
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3093-3097, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Low potassium dextran (LPD) solution can attenuate acute lung injury (ALI). However, LPD solution for treating acute kidney injury secondary to ALI has not been reported. The present study was performed to examine the renoprotective effect of LPD solution in ALI induced by oleic acid (OA) in piglets.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve animals that suffered an ALI induced by administration of OA into the right atrium were divided into two groups: the placebo group (n = 6) pretreated with normal saline and the LPD group (n = 6), pretreated with LPD solution. LPD solution was injected intravenously at a dose of 12.5 ml/kg via the auricular vein 1 hour before OA injection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All animals survived the experiments with mild histopathological injury to the kidney. There were no significant differences in mean arterial pressure (MAP), creatinin and renal damage scores between the two groups. Compared with the placebo group, the LPD group had better gas exchange parameters at most of the observation points ((347.0 ± 12.6) mmHg vs. (284.3 ± 11.3) mmHg at 6 hours after ALI, P < 0.01). After 6 hours of treatment with OA, the plasma concentrations of NGAL and interleukin (IL)-6 in both groups increased dramatically compared to baseline ((6.0 ± 0.6) and (2.50 ± 0.08) folds in placebo group; and (2.5 ± 0.5) and (1.40 ± 0.05) folds in LPD group), but the change of both parameters in the LPD group was significantly lower (P < 0.01) than in the placebo group. And 6 hours after ALI the kidney tissue concentration of IL-6 in the LPD group ((165.7 ± 22.5) pg×ml(-1)×g(-1) protein) was significantly lower (P < 0.01) than that in placebo group ((67.2 ± 25.3) pg×ml(-1)×g(-1) protein).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings suggest that pretreatment with LPD solution via systemic administration might attenuate acute kidney injury and the cytokine response of IL-6 in the ALI piglet model induced by OA injection.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Acute Lung Injury , Drug Therapy , Animals , Dextrans , Therapeutic Uses , Disease Models, Animal , Hemodynamics , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Kidney , Pathology , Oleic Acid , Toxicity , Swine
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390305

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the effect of specialized language training on the speech rehabilitation of total laryngectomy (TL)patients.Methods Twenty-seven TL patients were trained for esophageal speech by specialized speech-language pathologists from October 2005 to December 2006.Then the participants were followed and evaluated their esophageal speech level after one cycle of training program,1 month,3 months,6 months and 12 months after training program.Results The score of participants' esophageal speech was steadily improved during the 12 months after participating the training program.The score of esophageal speech greatly increased in the third month,and this significant improvement was kept until 12 months after the training program.The esophageal speech quality was negatively correlated with age and surgery area of patients.Conclusions Specialized speech-language training showed positive effect on esophageal speech rehabilitation,and esophageal speech training by specialists is worthy of wide application.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313459

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of potassium iodide on the expression of nuclear factor-kappaB and fibronectin.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The experiment was performed with 72 SD rats weighing about 180-220 g. The animals were randomly assigned into nine groups. Group A, B, C (n=8) served as control and were fed with distilled water for 1 month, 2 month, 3 month respectively. Group D, E, F (n=8) served as lead exposed and were fed with water with 0.5% lead acetate for 1 month, 2 month, 3 month respectively. Group G, H, I (n=8) served as potassium iodide and lead exposed and were treated with 0.5% lead acetate simultaneously taking potassium iodide 3 mg/100 g weight by intragastric administration for 1 month, 2 month, 3 month respectively. Animals of different groups were sacrificed at the end of the treatment. Ultrastructure of kidney was observed by electron microscopy; Expression of NF-kappaB and FN protein and mRNA in kidney were measured respectively by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Electron microscopic examination revealed potassium iodide could restrain the denaturalization in epithelial cells and mitochondrial cristae. The expressions of NF-kappaB protein (0.2315 +/- 0.0624, 0.3213 +/- 0.0740, 0.4729 +/- 0.0839) and mRNA (0.4370 +/- 0.0841, 0.5465 +/- 0.0503, 0.6443 +/- 0.0538) in all the lead exposed groups continuously increased compared with correspondent control groups; Group I was decreased obviously compared with group F. The expressions of FN protein (0.4243 +/- 0.0595, 0.4917 +/- 0.0891) and mRNA (0.8650 +/- 0.0880, 0.8714 +/- 0.0980) in group E and F increased compared with group B and C, but the expressions of FN protein in group I significantly decreased compared with group F; The expressions of FN mRNA in Group H and I significantly decreased compared with group E and F.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The potassium iodide can ameliorate renal ultrastructure and degrade expression of nuclear factor-kappaB and fibronectin induced by lead.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Fibronectins , Genetics , Metabolism , Kidney , Metabolism , Kidney Diseases , Metabolism , Pathology , Lead Poisoning , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Metabolism , Potassium Iodide , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 945-949, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253535

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the pharmacokinetics of fudosteine in healthy volunteers after the single and multiple dose administration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six volunteers were divided into three groups randomly, each group included six men and six women. In the single dose design, the volunteers received either a single dose of 600 mg, 400 mg or 200 mg fudosteine. After a one-week wash out period, the volunteers of 400 mg group participated in the multiple dose design in which each volunteer received 400 mg fudosteine three times a day for five consecutive days. The plasma concentrations were determined by pre-column derivatization HPLC-FL method and the pharmacokinetic parameters of fudosteine were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The obtained pharmacokinetic parameters of fudosteine in single dose of 600 mg, 400 mg and 200 mg groups were as follows: T1/2 were (2.8 +/- 0.5), (2.7 +/- 0.5) and (3.2 +/- 0.6) h, respectively. T(max) were (0.51 +/- 0.22), (0.59 +/- 0.21) and (0.48 +/- 0.18) h, respectively. C(max) were (16 +/- 4), (11 +/- 3) and (6.1 +/- 1.5) microg x mL(-1), respectively. The AUC(0-10 h) and C(max) correlated linearly with doses, respectively (r > 0.99). The T(max), C(max) and AUC values of fudosteine in healthy male volunteers were smaller than those in female volunteers, and the T1/2 value was longer than that in female volunteers. The obtained multi-dose pharmacokinetic parameters of fudosteine were as follows: C(ss) was (4.1 +/- 0.8) microg x mL(-1); DF was 3.0 +/- 0.7; T1/2 was (2.5 +/- 0.4) h; T(max) was (0.6 +/- 0.3) h; C(max) was (13.2 +/- 1.3) microg x mL(-1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The values of pharmacokinetic parameters in healthy volunteers were linear in the range from 200 mg to 600 mg. Statistic analysis results showed that the differences of AUC and C(max) between men and women were not resulted from sexual differences, but from the weight differences. There was no significant difference in pharmacokinetic parameters between single dose and multi-dose.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Adult , Area Under Curve , Body Weight , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Cystine , Pharmacokinetics , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Humans , Male , Sex Factors
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 754-758, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253071

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the levels of blood pressure and serum lipids, and examine the relationship between hypertension and hyperlipidemia in Hei Yi Zhuang Chinese living in Guangxi.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1056 people of Hei Yi Zhuang ethnicity were studied. Blood pressure, body height, body weight, and serum levels of lipids and apolipoprotein were measured. The data were compared with those in 925 people of Han ethnicity, who live in the same region.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure were significantly higher in Hei Yi Zhuang than Han Chinese (P < 0.001). The prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension and hypertension was also significantly higher in Hei Yi Zhuang than Han Chinese (P < 0.001). Serum concentrations of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and apolipoprotein (Apo) B, and the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and hyperlipidemia were significantly lower in Hei Yi Zhuang than Han Chinese (P < 0.05). Serum concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the Apo A1 to Apo B ratio were significantly higher in Hei Yi Zhuang than Han Chinese (P < 0.001). The prevalence of hypertension in Hei Yi Zhuang Chinese was positively associated with triglycerides (r = 0.425, P < 0.05), whereas the prevalence of hypertension in Han Chinese was positively correlated with total cholesterol (r = 0.623, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present study revealed a significant difference in blood pressure and serum lipids between Hei Yi Zhuang and Han ethnic groups, and an association between hypertension and hyperlipidemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Ethnology , Blood Pressure , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Epidemiology , Ethnology , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Ethnology , Lipids , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Sampling Studies , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679218

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the renal protection of Chinese cobra venoms (CCV) and its mechanism in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Methods Thirty-two rats were divided into four groups. 0.1% CCV was separately infused into abdominal cavity at 0.5 h, 24 h before reperfusion in group Ⅰ and Ⅱ . Group Ⅲ suffered from kidney I/R was served as pathological control. Group Ⅳ was sham operation group. BUN and Scr were measured before ischemia and 24 h after reperfusion. Complement C3 was observed at 0, 0.5, 2, 24 h after reperfusion. The kidney samples were examined by HE stain under light microscopy. Apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP-biotin in situ nick-end labeling(TUNEL). Results Significant histological damage, apoptosis of tubular cell and impaired renal function were found in group Ⅰ and Ⅲ.The above indexes decreased to a less extend in group Ⅱ (P

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