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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 937-943, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of acupuncture at "Kongzui" (LU 6) and "Yuji" (LU 10) on the latent period of inducing asthma, pulmonary function and the expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and metallothionein-2 (MT-2) in asthma rats, and to explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture in alleviating airway smooth muscle spasm and improving the acute attack of asthma.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 male SD rats of SPF-grade were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a medication group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, ovalbumin sensitization method was used to establish the asthma model in the other 3 groups. Salbutamol nebulization was adopted in the medication group, while acupuncture was applied at bilateral "Kongzui" (LU 6) and "Yuji" (LU 10) in the acupuncture group. The intervention was given once a day for 14 days in the two groups. The latent period of inducing asthma and pulmonary function were observed, the levels of ET-1 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by ELISA method, the morphology of the airway was observed by Masson staining, the ultrastructure of the airway smooth muscle was observed by transmission electron microscopy, the mRNA and protein expression of ET-1 and MT-2 in lung tissue was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot methods.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, in the model group, the latent period of inducing asthma was shortened (P<0.01); the airway resistance (RL) was increased while the dynamic compliance (Cdyn) was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05); the levels of ET-1 and TNF-α in serum and BALF were increased (P<0.01); collagen fibers and collagen depositions were found around the bronchi, airway smooth muscle was thickened, the cell damage was severe and mitochondria were swollen; the mRNA and protein expression of ET-1 was increased while the mRNA and protein expression of MT-2 was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the acupuncture group, the latent period of inducing asthma was prolonged (P<0.05), the RL was decreased while the Cdyn was increased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the model group, in the medication group and the acupuncture group, the levels of ET-1 and TNF-α in serum and BALF were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05); collagen fibers and collagen depositions around the bronchi were reduced, the thickened airway smooth muscle was lightened, the cell damage was improved; the mRNA and protein expression of ET-1 was decreased while the mRNA and protein expression of MT-2 was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, the mRNA expression of MT-2 was increased in the acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Kongzui" (LU 6) and "Yuji" (LU 10) can improve the pulmonary function and alleviate the airway smooth muscle spasm in rats with asthma. Its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of ET-1 expression and up-regulation of MT-2 expression.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Lung , Asthma/metabolism , Acupuncture Therapy , Spasm , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 684-690, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Feishu" (BL 13) + "Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) and "Kongzui" (LU 6) + "Yuji" (LU 10) for the airway remodeling in asthma rats based on the transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)/ Smad family member 3 (Smad3) signaling pathway; and explore the efficacy difference between the two acupoint combinations.@*METHODS@#Forty SPF male SD rats, aged 4 weeks, were randomly divided into a blank group (n = 10) and a modeling group (n = 30). The ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization method was used to establish asthma model in the modeling group. After successful model preparation, the rats of the modeling group were randomized into a model group, an acupuncture at "Feishu" (BL 13) + "Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) (AAF) group, and acupuncture at "Kongzui" (LU 6)+"Yuji" (LU 10) (AAK) group, with 10 rats in each one. Starting from day 15 of the experiment, 5 min after motivating, acupuncture was applied to "Feishu" (BL 13) + "Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) and "Kongzui" (LU 6)+"Yuji" (LU 10) in the AAF group and the AAK group respectively. The intervention was delivered for 30 min each time, once daily, lasting 3 weeks consecutively. Using lung function detector, the airway resistance (RL) and dynamic compliance (Cdyn) of the lungs were detected. The histomorphology of lung tissues was detected with HE staining and Masson staining, and the mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 in lung tissues was detected with the real-time PCR and Western blot methods.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, RL was increased and Cdyn was decreased in the rats of the model group (P<0.01); and RL was reduced and Cdyn was increased in the AAF group and the AAK group when compared with those in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The rats of the model group had bronchial lumen stenosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, collagen fibre hyperplasia and thickened smooth muscle in the lung tissues when compared with those in the blank group; and in comparison with the model group, all of the above morphological changes were attenuated in the AAF group and the AAK group. Besides, these morphological changes of the lung tissues were more alleviated in the AAF group when compared with those in the AAK group. In comparison with the blank group, the mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 of the lung tissues was increased in the model group (P<0.01), and it was reduced in the AAF group and the AAK group when compared with that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 was lower in the AAF group when compared with that in the AAK group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at either "Feishu" (BL 13)+"Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) or "Kongzui" (LU 6)+"Yuji" (LU 10) reduces the airway remodeling in the rats with asthma, which may be related to the down-regulation of mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3. The better efficacy is obtained with acupuncture at "Feishu" (BL 13)+"Dingchuan" (EX-B 1).


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Airway Remodeling , Acupuncture Therapy , Signal Transduction , Asthma/therapy , Constriction, Pathologic , Anti-Asthmatic Agents
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 35-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971147

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) responsive self-assembled nanomicelle loaded with pyroptosis inhibitor on full-thickness skin defects in diabetic rats. Methods: Experimental research methods were employed. A nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) 1/2 inhibitor (NOD-IN-1) was encapsulated with nanomicelle polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene sulfide (PEG-b-PPS), and the resulting product was called PEPS@NOD-IN-1. The morphology and hydration particle size of PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were observed by transmission electron microscope and particle size analyzer, respectively, and the encapsulation rate and drug loading rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 and the cumulative release rate of NOD-IN-1 by PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) alone and hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 40 h were measured and calculated by microplate reader, and the sample number was 3. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 6-7 weeks were injected with streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes mellitus. Six full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of each rat. The injured rats were divided into PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, PEG-b-PPS group, and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group with corresponding treatment according to the random number table, with 6 rats in each group. The wound healing was observed on post injury day (PID) 3, 7, and 12, and the wound healing rate was calculated. The ROS levels in wound tissue were detected by immunofluorescence method on PID 3. On PID 7, the granulation tissue thickness in wound was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals were detected by Western blotting. Six wounds from different rats in each group were taken for detection of the above indicators. Wound tissue (3 samples per group) was taken from rats in PBS group and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group on PID 7, and transcriptome sequencing was performed using high-throughput sequencing technology platform. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were screened, and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was performed. The DEG heatmap of the NOD-like receptor pathway, a pyroptosis-related pathway, was made. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis of DEGs in heatmap was performed through the STRING database to screen key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey test. Results: PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were in spherical structures of uniform size, with hydration particle sizes of (134.2±3.3) and (143.1±2.3) nm, respectively. The encapsulation rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 was (60±5)%, and the drug loading rate was (15±3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in PBS alone was slow, and the cumulative release rate at 40 h was only (12.4±2.3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 10 h was very rapid, and the cumulative release rate at 10 h reached (90.1±3.6)%. On PID 3 and 7, the wounds of rats in the four groups were gradually healed, and the healing in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was better than that in the other three groups. On PID 12, the wound scab area in PBS group was large, the wound epithelialization in NOD-IN-1 group and PEG-b-PPS group was obvious, and the wound in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was close to complete epithelialization. Compared with those in PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, and PEG-b-PPS group, the wound healing rates on PID 7 and 12 in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group were significantly increased (P<0.05), the level of ROS in wound tissue on PID 3 was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the thickness of granulation tissue in wound on PID 7 was significantly thickened (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals in wound tissue on PID 7 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were significantly enriched in NOD-like receptors, hypoxia-inducible factors, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathways. In the DEG heatmap of NOD-like receptor pathway, the genes regulating pyroptosis mainly involved NOD1, NOD2, NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain-related protein 3, Jun, signal transduction and transcriptional activator 1 (STAT1), TNF-α-induced protein 3. The PPI results showed that NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1 were the key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Conclusions: PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can down-regulate the level of local ROS in wounds and the expression of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals, the key regulators of pyroptosis, thereby promoting the repair of full-thickness skin defect wounds in diabetic rats. PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can also significantly down-regulate the pyroptosis, inflammation, and hypoxia-related pathways of wounds, and regulate NOD-like receptor pathways by down-regulating key genes NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species , Wound Healing , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pyroptosis , Skin Abnormalities , Soft Tissue Injuries , NLR Proteins , Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger
4.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 127-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960381

ABSTRACT

Background Heavy metals are widely present in the environment, difficult to degrade, and bioaccumulative. Children's physical development are not mature, and exposure to heavy metals which may cause irreversible harm to them. However, the current research conclusions are still inconsistent. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the impact of heavy metal pollutants on physical development. Objective To detect the level of heavy metal exposure of school-age children in Laizhou Wan, Shandong Province, and to explore the relationship between heavy metal exposure level and physical development indexes of school-age children. Methods The subjects of this study were 318 children born to pregnant women recruited from Laizhou Wan Birth Cohort in Shandong Province from September 2010 to December 2013. The school-age children at age 7 were followed up from July to September 2019. Their urine samples were collected and the levels of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) in urine were detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). At the same time, the height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body fat percentage of the children were evaluate to analyze the relationship between the four heavy metals in children's urine and the indicators related to children's physical development. Results Among the 318 school-age children with an age (\begin{document}$\bar x \pm s $\end{document}) of (7.77±0.67) years, the median (P25, P75) levels of As, Cd, Pb, and Hg in urine were 73.98 (44.81, 124.61), 0.40 (0.27, 0.58), 1.20 (0.71, 1.72), and 2.38 (1.32, 4.80) µg·g−1 (of creatinine), respectively. The children’s urinary Cd level was positively correlated with their weight, BMI, and waist circumference (P<0.05), and corresponding regression coefficients (b) and its 95% confidence intervals (CI) were 0.99 (0.14-1.83), 0.43 (0.06-0.81), and 1.35 (0.27-2.42), respectively; while the other heavy metals were not related to the above physical development indicators (P>0.05). After sex stratification, it was found that boys’ urinary Cd level was positively correlated with their height, weight, BMI, and waist circumference (P <0.05) with associated b (95%CI) of 1.73 (0.53-2.93), 2.03 (0.60-3.47), 0.75 (0.11-1.38), and 2.66 (0.85-4.47), respectively; such associations were not found in girls. After further stratification of boys’ BMI according to normal, overweight, and obesity, it was found that a higher urinary Cd level was correlated with an increased risk of obesity in boys (P<0.05), and the associated b (95%CI) was 2.34 (1.02-5.36). Conclusion The level of urinary Cd exposure of boys in Laizhou Wan, Shandong Province is positively correlated with their height, weight, BMI, and waist circumference, and may be related to obesity in boys.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1209-1212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911760

ABSTRACT

This article introduces the family medicine residency training program in the University of Toronto, focusing on the residents′ position setting and program distribution, teaching model, the objective framework and tools of evaluation. The strength and advances of their training programs are summarized;in order to promote the development of general practice education and training in China,how to use Canadian successful experiences in combination with China′s conditions is discussed.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1110-1112, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911747

ABSTRACT

The general practice course has been conducted for Traditional Chinese Medicine medical students in Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine since 2017. The sequential teaching mode is applied in the course. The curriculum design, teaching plan, course organization and management, faculty development, students′ satisfaction and effectiveness of teaching are introduced, and the related issues and suggestions for further improvement are also discussed in the paper.

7.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 637-642, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882221

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a common chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. Oxidative stress and oxidative damage have been proposed to contribute to the occurrence and development of diabetes and its complications. With the selective antioxidant effects, hydrogen molecule has attracted wide attention, from researchers at home and abroad, regarding its role in diabetes and its complications. Great progress has been made in promoting hydrogen molecular medicine in the field of diabetes. This review mainly focused on two aspects of the research: basic experiments and clinical trials. In the basic experimental research part, the effects of hydrogen molecule on blood glucose regulation and diabetic complications were discussed. The aim of this review was to provide ideas and references for further research of hydrogen molecules on diabetes and its complications.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5372-5381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921684

ABSTRACT

Due to the limited resource of bear bile powder, the major raw material of Tanreqing Capsules(TRQ), cultured bear bile powder is used as a replacement to develop the Tanreqing Capsules Substitute(TRQS). An LC-MS/MS method was established in this study for simultaneous quantitation of 8 compounds from TRQS in rat plasma: tauroursodeoxycholic acid(TUDCA), taurocheno-deoxycholic acid(TCDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA), ferulic acid, wogonoside, baicalin, and forsythoside A. Thereby, the pharmacokinetic behaviors of TRQ and TRQS were evaluated. Concentration of endogenous compounds TUDCA, TCDCA, UDCA, and CDCA was determined with the stable isotope surrogate analytes: D4-TUDCA, D4-TCDCA, D4-UDCA, and D4-CDCA. Plasma samples were extracted by acetonitrile-induced protein precipitation. The LC conditions are as follows: Waters BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase of 10 mmol·L~(-1) ammonium formate aqueous solution(containing 0.01% formic acid) and acetonitrile-methanol mixture(1∶5). MS conditions are as below: multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), ESI~(+/-). Concentration of UDCA, CDCA, TUDCA, and TCDCA was corrected with a response factor, which is the ratio between the responses recorded for the surrogate and the authentic analyte at the equal concentration. Each of the plasma components showed good linearity(r > 0.995 1). Accuracy and precision met the criteria(inter-day RSD<7.0%, RE 89.98%-112.0%; intra-day RSD<12%, RE 90.41%-111.2%). The recovery was 64.83%-119.9% and matrix effect was 87.15%-113.8%. The validated method was applied for pharmacokinetic study of TRQS and TRQ(po, 0.94 g·kg~(-1)). There was no significant difference in C_(max) and AUC_(0-24 h) of baicalin, UDCA, TUDCA, and TCDCA between the two groups, indicating similar pharmacokinetic behaviors between TRQS and TRQ in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Capsules , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 91-104, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781539

ABSTRACT

Cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A), one of the major CYP subfamily in humans, not only metabolizes xenobiotics including clinical drugs and pollutants in the environment, but also mediates the biotransformation of important endogenous substances. In particular, some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for genes may affect the metabolic ability of endogenous substances, leading to some physiological or pathological changes in humans. This review first summarizes the metabolism of endogenous substances by CYP1A, and then introduces the research progress of SNPs, especially the research related to human diseases. Finally, the relationship between SNPs and diseases is discussed. In addition, potential animal models for gene editing are summarized. In conclusion, CYP1A plays an important role in maintaining the health in the body.

10.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 451-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876223

ABSTRACT

Since the founding of The People′s Republic of China, with the attention and support of the Party and the Government, the grassroots medical and health service system and service capabilities of our country have been constantly improved, and the people′s physical quality has been enhanced gradually.Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was held, the Party Central Committee has regarded the healthy development of the people as an important part of the governance of the country.The report of the 19th CPC National Congress put "Implementation of a Healthy China Strategy" forward, providing a full range of full-cycle of health services for the population, strengthening the grassroots medical and health service system and the construction of general practitioners, adhering to prevention-oriented, paying equal attention to both Chinese and Western medicine, and promoting the combination of medicine and maintenance, which have put forward new requirements for the development of community health services in our country.On the basis of the actual situation in the development of community health services, Shanghai dares to explore and innovate constantly, and has formed a community health service system with Shanghai characteristics.This paper reviews the development of community health services in Shanghai in the past 50 years, summing up the practical experience and characteristics.

11.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 238-246, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical application patterns in acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD by reviewing the clinical literatures on acupuncture-moxibustion for Alzheimer disease (AD) published between January 2009 and December 2019. Methods: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang), Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP), Chinese Medicine Acupuncture-moxibustion Information Database, PubMed Medical Data Retrieval Service System, Springer Database and Ovid Technologies (OVID) were retrieved to screen clinical studies of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria to conduct quantitative, clustering and association analyses. Results: In acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD, the frequently used points were Baihui (GV 20), Zusanli (ST 36), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Taixi (KI 3), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), and Neiguan (PC 6) in the descending order. Regarding meridians, the most frequently used one was the Governor Vessel, followed by the Stomach Meridian of Foot Yangming and Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang. From the perspective of body regions, the points in the head-face region and the lower-limb region had the highest frequencies, followed by the upper-limb, back and chest-abdomen regions. The point group, Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1)-Neiguan (PC 6)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), showed the most significant association, and the group winning the second place was Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1)-Neiguan (PC 6)- Zusanli (ST 36). The clustering analysis showed that the commonly used point pairs included Zusanli (ST 36)-Sishencong (EX-HN 1) and Taixi (KI 3)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), which were closely associated with Baihui (GV 20). By analyzing the three commonly used acupuncture-moxibustion methods, acupuncture plus medication was found achieving the best result in the total effective rate and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score, followed by monotherapy of electroacupuncture therapy, and these two methods were superior to acupuncture alone (P<0.05); the scores of MMSE, Alzheimer disease assessment scale-cognitive section (ADAS-cog) and activity of daily living scale (ADL) showed significant improvements after treatment (all P<0.01). Conclusion: In the acupuncture-moxibustion prescriptions for AD, the main points are Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taixi (KI 3). Monotherapy of acupuncture has the highest frequency amongst the treatment methods, but its effective rate is lower than that of acupuncture plus medication and monotherapy of electroacupuncture.

12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 755-759, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822597

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAs a new mode and format of health care service, Internet hospital has created a convenient and efficient medical treatment channel for patients and promoted more access to high-quality medical resources. In order to better identify patients′ service demands of Internet hospitals and thus meet people′s diversified health needs, refined classification management of service demands of Internet hospitals is implemented by KANO model, so as to promote the improvement of service quality of Internet hospitals and enhance patient satisfaction as well.MethodsBased on the analysis ideas of KANO model, 300 patients were randomly selected from the social pharmacy of an Internet hospital for questionnaire survey and service demand survey.ResultsIn the KANO requirement attribute classification of Internet hospital service items, there were 6 items belonging to charm attribute, 10 items belonging to expectation attribute and 5 items belonging to necessity attribute. Service items corresponding to expected attributes and necessary attributes account for more than 70% of Internet hospital services.ConclusionThe application of KANO model to the service demand survey of Internet hospitals can effectively improve the service management level of Internet hospitals, and the continuous improvement of service quality of Internet hospitals requires regular monitoring of service demand changes.

13.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 421-427, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743440

ABSTRACT

Objective · To evaluate the levels of environmental pollutants including lead, mercury, organophosphorus pesticides (OPs), perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and triclosan (TCS) and further analyze the correlation between these pollutants in pregnant women.Methods · Pregnant women were recruited from the Laizhou Wan Birth Cohort (LWBC) in Shandong from September 2010 to December 2013. A total of 149 pregnant women were finally enrolled who completed questionnaires and provided sufficient biological samples for pollutants measurement including blood lead, blood mercury, urinary metabolites of OPs[dimethylphosphate (DMP), dimethylthiophosphate (DMTP), diethylphosphate (DEP), diethylthiophosphate (DETP), etc.], serum perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), as well as urinary TCS. Spearman correlation analysis and cosine cluster analysis were used to explore the correlation between pollutants. Results · The detection rates of lead, DMP, PFOA and PFOS were all 100.0%. And the detection rates of mercury, DMTP, DEP, DETP and TCS were 89.3%, 81.2%, 97.3%, 96.6% and 59.1%, respectively. The median and range of concentrations for lead, mercury, PFOA, PFOS and TCS were 28.40 (11.30–65.70) μg/L, 0.85 (<LOD–10.98) μg/L, 39.54 (1.16–273.68) μg/L, 4.56 (0.55–15.38) μg/L, 0.58 (<LOD–58.01) μg/g, respectively. The median and range of concentrations for DMP, DMTP, DEP and DETP were 36.33 (0.55–1 331.04) μg/g, 2.65 (<LOD–128.84) μg/g, 14.70 (<LOD–585.05) μg/g, 1.84 (<LOD–86.21) μg/g, respectively. The concentrations of DMP and DEP were generally higher than those in developed countries. The concentration of PFOA was much higher than those in foreign studies, while the concentrations of PFOS and TCS were relatively lower. Correlation analysis and cosine cluster analysis revealed that mercury was positively correlated with PFOA (r=0.36, P=0.000) and PFOS (r=0.42, P=0.000). Conclusion · The population in LWBC is widely exposed to multiple pollutants and there are certain correlations between mercury and PFASs, suggesting that attention should be paid to emerging pollutants besides traditional ones.

14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 43-52, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774000

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of diallyl disulfide(DADS)-induced G2/M phase arrest on proliferation and apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells and its possible molecular mechanism.Methods DADS was used to incubate SK-OV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells,respectively,in different concentrations. Cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay and cell apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry assay. Xenograft model assay were performed to analyze the antitumor effect in vivo. Cell cycle phase distribution was detected by flow cytometry. Expressions of cell cycle G2/M phase as well as proliferation- and apoptosis-related proteins were measured by Western blotting.Results MTT assay showed that,after treatment of SK-OV-3(F=247.86,P=0.000)and OVCAR-3 cells(F=302.54,P=0.000)with different concentrations of DADS,the cell proliferation inhibition rate was significantly elevated with the increase of DADS concentrations in a concentration-dependent manner. The inhibition rate of SK-OV-3(F=335.12,P=0.000)and OVCAR-3 cells(F=347.43,P=0.000)at 24 h was significantly higher than that at 12 h and 48 h,showing a significant time-dependence manner. Flow cytometry showed that,after SK-OV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells were treated with different concentrations of DADS,the apoptosis rates increased significantly with the increase of DADS concentration in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.05). The apoptotic rates of SK-OV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells treated with DADS at 24 h was significantly higher than that at 12 h and 48 h in a significant time-dependence manner(P<0.05). Compared with the blank treatment group,intraperitoneal injection of DADS solution significantly inhibited the xenograft volume of ovarian cancer cells in nude mice(F=548.23,P=0.000;F=311.84,P=0.000). After 30 mg/L of DADS was applied to SK-OV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells for 24 h,the percentage of cells in G2 phase of SK-OV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells increased significantly(F=375.11,P=0.000;F=256.48,P=0.000),compared with the blank cells. After 30 mg/L DADS was applied to SK-OV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells for 24 h,the expressions of p-Chk1(ser345)(F=108.89,P=0.013;F=97.58,P=0.018),p-CDC25C(ser216)(F=87.25,P=0.025;F=114.25,P=0.009),p-P53(ser15)(F=112.41,P=0.011;F=255.87,P=0.000),P21WAF1(F=246.38,P=0.001;F=141.36,P=0.005)and p-CDK1(Thr14/Tyr15)protein(F=298.12,P=0.000;F=233.15,P=0.000)were significantly increased,whereas the expressions of CDK1(F=308.24,P=0.000;F=257.55,P=0.000)and CyclinB1 protein(F=223.15,P=0.001;F=241.28,P=0.000)were significantly reduced.The expressions of proliferation and apoptosis-related proteins PCNA(F=77.36,P=0.031;F=157.28,P=0.001),Ki-67(F=205.64,P=0.007;F=315.22,P=0.000)and Survivin(F=122.13,P=0.013;F=188.24,P=0.000)were significantly decreased and Cleaved-caspase3 protein was significantly increased(F=86.46,P=0.023;F=99.11,P=0.009).Conclusion DADS can inhibit the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells and induce their apoptosis,which may be related to the activation of Chk1-CDC25C and P53-P21WAF1 signaling pathways in G2/M checkpoint,decreased kinase activity of CDK1,down-regulated expressions of CDK1 and CyclinB1 proteins,and ultimately cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Allyl Compounds , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Disulfides , Mice, Nude
15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1080-1083, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818144

ABSTRACT

The introduction of artificial intelligence into the medical field is also facing social ethical challenges while promoting changes in the field of health services. To realize the healthy development of medical artificial intelligence, we must consider the ethical issues inherent in the application of artificial intelligence technology in medical services. The article analyzes the ethical issues brought about by medical artificial intelligence from the aspects of security, doctor’s principal status, doctor-patient relationship, and fair benefit. By implementing special supervision, clarifying the principal status of doctors, and strengthening ethical protocols, the application of artificial intelligence in medical services will be guided to promote artificial intelligence to better improve the service capabilities and quality of healthcare system.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 529-534, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755963

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the outcomes of patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Shanghai communities and the influencing factors.Methods From October 2015 to April 2016,533 type 2 diabetic patients with DR were selected by target sampling and cluster random sampling method from six community health service centers in Shanghai.Patients were followed up for 1 year.The demographic information,physical examination,laboratory tests and eye fundus exam results were documented and the DR was graded.The factors associated with the regression of DR were analyzed.Results Total 478 patients,including 280 females (58.6%) and 198 males (41.4%),were followed up for 1 year.The mean age of patients was (64±7) years and the mean disease duration was (8.85±4.20) years.The original DR lesion was remitted in 35 patients with an improvement rate of 7.3%;while the original DR lesion was aggravated in 29 patients with a progression rate of 6.1%.Ordinal logistic regression analysis revealed that age (OR=0.197,95%CI:0.056-0.699),body mass index (BMI) (OR=0.383,95%CI:0.171-0.856),glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) (OR=0.287,95%CI:0.102-0.803),triglycerides (TG) (OR=0.541,95%CI:0.295-0.991),urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR)(OR=0.218,95%CI:0.066-0.720) were associated with DR in type 2 diabetic patients.Conclusion The regression of DR is closely related to age,BMI,glucose,serum lipids and renal function,so it is suggested that lowering BMI,controlling glucose and serum lipids and maintaining normal kidney function are necessary for preventing the progression and promoting the improvement of DR in diabetic patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 450-456 463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on the differential expression of rat atrial muscle Proteomics and genes, which provide research basis for the rehabilitation of chronic cardiovascular diseases and exercise -induced cardiac remodeling research.@*METHODS@#Twenty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group and experimental group (=10) according to body weight. Rats in the experimental group were trained (6 days per week),which lasted for 4 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at a rate of 24 m·min for 40 min (load intensity equivalent to 60%~70% VO). The proteins were separated by two dimensional gel electrophoresis, and the tandem time-of- flight mass spectrometer technique was used to identify 13 candidate target protein spots. The expression levels of these 13 protein spots were up-regulated more than 5 times or down -regulated to below 1/5. The mRNA of six target proteins were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#By software analysis, the experimental group compared with the control group, there were 8 protein points which their expression reduced more than 4/5 and 5 protein points up-regulated more than 5 times, 13 proteins were identified by mass spectrometry protein spots, the final identification results acquired 8 proteins and a unknown protein of molecular mass 54 KDa, such as:pyruvate dehydrogenase E1α1, mitochondrial aconitate hydratase, protein disulfide isomerase A3, methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial dihydrolipoic acid dehydrogenase, isovaleryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, glutathione synthetase, mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 and so on. Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase in the atrial muscle of rats was decreased after 4 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise (0.05); The mRNA expression level of isopentenyl-CoA dehydrogenase was increased (>0.05). The results indicated that the mRNA expression level was not completely consistent with the changes in mass spectrometry identification results.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 4 weeks moderate-intensity aerobic exercise induced ignificant changes of rats atrial muscle protemics. The majority of the 13 identified target proteins in this experiment are energy metabolism enzymes. The majority of the expression of the target protein and the mRNA expression in the atrial muscle is inconsistent and different. Exercise may affect the regulation of gene transcription or downstream translation and modification of these target proteins, resulting in the change of differential expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Muscles , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Proteomics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 848-852, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818076

ABSTRACT

This paper analyses the Methods of selecting the cultivation direction of hospital′s dominant disciplines and points out that hospitals should analyse the development environment Objective ly, design the discipline distribution scientifically, and harbor the construction thoughts multi-dimensionally. Based on the practical experience of Nanjing General Hospital, this paper expounds vital Methods to develop preponderant disciplines, proposes that "fusion" and "differentiation" are the developing trend and regards the three major factors-leading talents, strong team, and major projects, as the critical points to prompt the cultivation of preponderant discipline. Lastly, the paper further discusses the implementation of cultivation through strengthening the platform construction, enhancing exchange and cooperation, focusing on achievement transformation and highlighting technical features.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 309-312, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700824

ABSTRACT

Objective Ambulatory surgery(AS),with its simple procedures and efficient utilization of resources,is an ef-fective means of improving medical efficiency.The aim of this study was to improve the daily procedures of AS by analyzing the perform-ance and results of knee arthroscopy-assisted AS. Methods This study included 188 cases of knee arthroscopic surgery performed from March to August 2017,97 of them treated in the Ambulatory Surgery Center(group A)and the other 91 in the conventional ward (group B). We compared the average hospital stay,hospitalization expenses,and postoperative complications between the two groups of patients. Results Compared with group B,group A showed a significantly shorter hospital stay([95.0±41.3]vs[25.5±0.8]h, P<0.05)and lower hospitalization expenses([28 699.6±11331.1]vs[22231.7±7152.2]RMB,P<0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence rate of postoperative complications at 1 and 3 days after surgery,1 case of bleeding in group A and 1 case of leg swelling in group B. Conclusion Ambulatory surgery in our hospital needs to be further improved on the basis of accelerated rehabilitation surgery as the core concept,precision medicine as the approach,and individualized treatment as the goal.

20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 39-43, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700770

ABSTRACT

Objective The proportion of multiple drugs and the irrational use of drugs increased significantly in the elderly patients (over 80 years). This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) and analyzed the possible reasons related to PIM in elderly patients. Methods In this study,918 cases from Cadre Ward I of Research Center for Geriatrics of Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region were selected from January to December in 2016. According to the Beers Criteria (Version 2015),we evaluated PIM in four subtypes,type 1 that is not related to the state of disease in elderly patients, type 2 that is related to the state of disease in elderly patients,type 3 which should be used carefully,and type 4 which is the inappropriate combination of non-anti-infective Drugs. The PIM influence factors were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results There are 521 cases (56.75%) of type 1 PIM. The first 3 drugs are Short and medium acting benzodiazepams,PPI and long acting benzodiazepams. There are 206 cases (22.4%) of type 2 PIM. The first 2 drugs are drugs associated with insomnia (oral hyperemia, stimulants, theo-phylline and caffeine) and drugs associated with dementia or cognitive impairment (anti-cholinergic drugs and H2 receptor antago-nists). There are 834 cases (90.85%) of type 3 PIM,which should be used carefully and 45 cases(4.90%) of type 4 PIM.45 cases (4.90%) of non-anti-infective drugs should be avoid or reduced as much as possible in consideration of renal function. The number of combined drug use(OR=5.331,95% CI:3.549-8.009),the age(OR=1.171,95% CI:1.093-1.249),the Chalson's comorbidity index (OR=1.964,95% CI:1.477-2.450) are risk factors of PIM. Conclusion The incidence of potentially inappropriate use of drugs is high among the elderly patients. Reducing the number of combined drugs is an important measure to avoid the occurrence of PIM in elderly patients.

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