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1.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E001-E005, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904356

ABSTRACT

The adjacent anatomy of the pelvis is complicated, with digestive, urinary, reproductive and other organs as well as important blood vessels and nerves. Therefore, accurate resection of pelvic tumors and precise reconstruction of defects after resection are extremely difficult. The development of medical 3D printing technology provides new ideas for precise resection and personalized reconstruction of pelvic tumors. The “triune” application of 3D printing personalized lesion model, osteotomy guide plate and reconstruction prosthesis in pelvic tumor limb salvage reconstruction treatment has achieved good clinical results. However, the current lack of normative guidance standards such as preparation and application of 3D printing personalized lesion model, osteotomy guide plate and reconstruction prosthesis restricts its promotion and application. The formulation of this consensus provides normative guidance for 3D printing personalized pelvic tumor limb salvage reconstruction treatment.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879966

ABSTRACT

To investigate the postoperative serum triglyceride (TG) levels in predicting the risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in patients following allogeneic liver transplantation. One hundred and forty three patients undergoing allogeneic liver transplantation in Shanghai General Hospital from July 2007 to July 2014 were enrolled in this study. The NODM developed in 33 patients after liver transplantation. The curve of dynamic TG levels in the early period after liver transplantation was generated. Independent risk factors of NODM were determined by univariate and multivariant logistic regression analyses. The clinical value of TG in predicting NODM was analyzed by area under the ROC curve (AUC). Serum TG levels were gradually rising in the first week and then reached the plateau phase (stable TG, sTG) in patients after surgery. The sTG in NODM group were significantly higher than that in non-NODM group (=-2.31, <0.05). Glucocorticoid therapy (=4.054, <0.01), FK506 drug concentration in the first week after operation (=3.482, <0.05) and sTG (=3.156, <0.05) were independent risk factors of NODM. ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of sTG in predicting NODM was 0.72. TG shows a gradual recovery process in the early period after liver transplantation, and the higher TG level in stable phase may significantly increase the risk of NODM in patients.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Humans , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Tacrolimus/adverse effects , Triglycerides
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1281-1285, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877528

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect between the warm acupuncture at Yifeng (TE 17) combined with conventional acupuncture and TDP plus conventional acupuncture on facial paralysis with periauricular pain during pregnancy.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 patients were randomized into an observation group (36 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off). First week, TDP light was used on the affected side in the control group, and warm acupuncture at Yinfeng (TE 17) on the affected side was used in the observation group, both once a day. From the second week, both groups were given acupuncture at Chengjiang (CV 24) and the affected side of Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Yingxiang (LI 20), Dicang (ST 4), etc. and electroacupuncture (continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency) was connected at Cuanzhu (BL 2) and Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Jiache (ST 6) and Dicang (ST 4). Both treatments were given every other day for 4 weeks totally. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score of the periauricular pain degree before treatment and after 1 week of treatment, the House-Brackmann (H-B) facial nerve function grading scale and facial disability index (FDI) score before treatment and after 2, 4 weeks of treatment were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After 1 week of treatment, the VAS scores of both groups decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Warm acupuncture at Yinfeng (TE 17) combined with conventional acupuncture can effectively improve the periauricular pain and facial nerve function in patients of facial paralysis with periauricular pain during pregnancy, and the curative effect is better than TDP plus conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Humans , Pain , Pregnancy , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751912

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and its main pathogenic bacteria infection status of food-borne diarrhea and analyze their influencing factors in Yunnan province from 2012 to 2016. Me thods 1743 cases of food-borne diarrhea were collected, which were supervised from 11 hospitals covering from 2012 to 2016 years in Yunnan province.We gathered and tested the biological samples. Meanwhile, we analyzed the main pathogenic bacteria and their influencing factors. Re s ults 65 positive strains samples were checked out in 1743 cases of food-borne diarrhea positive samples, the positive rate was 3.73% (65/1743). Salmonella and Shigella strains were the main pathogenic bacteria, the main suspect food was meat and its products, as well as fruits and their products. In this study, Professions, methods of processing and clinical diagnosis were considered as the main factors of main pathogenic microbe detectable rates of food-borne diarrhea cases in Yunnan province. Conclus ion We should carry out public health education widespreadly in nursery, scattered children, farmers and migrant workers, students and other special crowds, provide intervention measures, attach great importance to food processing, reduce the possible contamination of food during processing, improve the level of clinical diagnosis and treatment and the recognization ability of food-borne diseases, and propose targeted prevention and control measures.Thus, food-borne disease can be prevented and controlled effectively.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694603

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide a besis of the control measures for foodborne disease outbreaks by analysing the laws and the popular features of foodlorne disease outbreaks in yunnan from 2013 to 2017.Methods The data of epidemic situation and field investigation of foodborne disease outbreaks from 2013 to 2017 in Yunnan province was analyzed. Results From 2013 to 2017,a total of 2 519 cases of foodborne disease outbreaks were repeatedin Yunnan Province,Among 18681 cases, 257 patients died with mortality 1.38% . Foodborne disease outbreaks occur in the third quarters.Outbreaking and outbreaking from a few number of households, followed by the work unit Employer Unit; outbreaking deaths in the family is also the most. Primary causal factor is plant. Pathogen the pathogenic bacteria main pathogen are Salmonella (38.89%), Bacillus cereus intoxication bacillus (38.89%),staphylococcus aureus (11.11%), Diarrheagenic escherichia coli (5.56%), Proteus Proteus species Proteus vulgaris (5.56%),et al. Conclusion From 2013 to 2017,foodborne disease outbreaking in yunnan is mainly due to plants and micro-organisms and mosty oceurs at home and canteens. It is necessary to strengthen the food hygiene management at home and canteens,to avoid foodborne disease outbreaking incidents.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 657-663, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711613

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic anterior fundoplication by the MUSETM endoscopic stapling device in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).Methods From March to November 2017,in the Department of Gastroenterology of Chinese PLA General Hospital in Beijing,The First People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine,thirteen GERD patients who underwent the endoscopic anterior fundoplication by the MUSETM system were enrolled.The GERD health related quality of life questionnaire (GERD-HRQL) score,satisfaction of symptomatic control,questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD-Q) score,the degree of esophagitis,condition of gastroesophageal flap valve,medicine administration and side effects were compared before and after the operation.Paired t test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were performed for statistical analysis.Results The total GERD-HRQL score decreased from 23 points (14 to 36 points) before operation when proton pump inhibitor (PPI) was stopped for seven days to 3 points (0 to 21 points) at three months after operation and 1 point (0 to 18 points) at six months after operation;and the differences were statistically significant (Z=-3.111 and -3.183,both P<0.01).Among 13 patients,the GERD-HRQL score of 11 patients decreased over 50 % after operation.The heartburn score decreased from 21 points (13 to 29 points) before operation when PPI was stopped for seven days to 0 point (0 to 17 points) at three months after operation and 0 point (0 to 16 points) at six months after operation;and the differences were statistically significant (Z=-3.113 and -3.182,both P<0.01).Among 13 patients,assessment of symptom control at three months after operation of seven patients were satisfactory,four patients were mostly satisfactory and two patients were unsatisfactory;assessment of symptom control at six months after operation of nine patients were satisfactory,four patients were mostly satisfactory;and the satisfaction rate were both higher than that before operation,and the differences were statistically significant (x2=16.235 and 25.159,both P<0.01).The total GERD-Q score reduced from 13 points (8 to 17 points) before operation to 6 points (3 to 11 points) at three months after operation and 6 points (6 to 13 points) at six months after operation (Z=-3.192 and-3.066,both P<0.01).DeMeester score decreased from 38.40 points (20.20 to 255.30 points) to 11.10 points (1.10 to 46.20 points) at six months after operation;and the percent of total time of esophageal pH<4 reduced from 10% (5% to 75%) to 3% (0 to 13%) at six months after operation;the difference was statistically significant (Z=-3.181 and-3.180,both P=0.001).There was no significant difference in esophageal motility changes before and after treatment (all P > 0.05).The number of patients without esophagitis increased from three before treatment to eight after treatment.Additionally,the number of patients whose gastroesophageal flap valve was less than grade Ⅱ increased from three before operation to 11 at six months after operation.The patients were followed up for six months,among 13 patients,10 patients were completely deprived of PPI,one patient was reduced over 50%,and two patients were treated with less than 50% reduction.All 13 patients had mild tolerable abdominal pain and sore throat within 48 hours after operation.No other adverse reactions were observed.Conclusion The endoscopic anterior fundoplication by the MUSETM is a safe and effective treatment for GERD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510640

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The intracel ular accumulation of reactive oxygen species leads to oxidative stress. Hypoxia is widespread in physiological and pathological condition. Variation of bone proliferation and differentiation when bone tissues cultured or bone cel s induced toxicity by reactive oxygen species under hypoxia have not yet been reported. OBJECTIVE:To observe the biological characteristics of MC3T3-E1 pretreated with different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in hypoxia, thus understanding the cel mechanism underlying prolonged bone healing in the elderly with osteoporosis and diabetes. METHODS:The MC3T3-E1 cel s pretreated with different concentrations of H2O2 were cultured in different oxygen concentrations. The proliferation of MC3T3-E1 was detected by cel counting kit-8. The cel differentiation was detected through alkaline phosphatase staining and alizarin red staining. Total RNAs were extracted and used for analyzing the mRNA levels of col age type 1, alkaline phosphatase and Cbfa1. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:When MC3T3-E1 pretreated with 200μmol/L H2O2 for 6 hours, the cel proliferation was increased with time, but lower than that in the control group. The alkaline phosphatase activity was weakened, and the number of mineralized nodes was decreased at the early stage of differentiation. When MC3T3-E1 pretreated with 400μmol/L H2O2 for 6 hours, the cel proliferation was decreased obviously. The alkaline phosphatase activity was stil weakened, and the number of mineralized nodes was decreased further, but not affected by hypoxia. When MC3T3-E1 pretreated with 400μmol/L H2O2 for 6 hours and then cultured in hypoxia, the mRNA expression of Cbfa1 was decreased, but the mRNA expressions of col age type 1 and alkaline phosphatase were significantly increased. These results suggest that MC3T3-E1 pretreated with low concentration of H2O2 show a significant decrease in proliferation, while MC3T3-E1 pretreated with a high concentration of H2O2 and cultured in hypoxia show a decrease in osteogenic differentiation, especial y at the early stage of alkaline phosphatase formation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664528

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce an improved method for collecting the blood of rat by cardiac puncture .Methods The study se-lected 90 Wistar rats,half male and half female ,and then the rats were anesthetized by intraperitoneally injecting 10%chloral hydrate solution according to 0.3 mL/kg body weight.Then using three-line positioning method to determine the puncture site ,the blood collection needle and blood collection tube were used to collecting the blood ,Finally,the blood volume of each rat was recorded .Results The success rate was cal-culated according to the single blood collection of 5 mL or more,and our 90 rats were collected 90 times,the success rate was about 82.2%. After centrifugation,the total serum was about 260 mL,the average serum separation of each rat was about 2.8 mL.Conclusion The im-proved positioning method of heart blood collection is intuitive and easy to learn ,and the total volume and quality of blood is high ,besides ,the new method has a small surgical trauma and a high efficiency ,which is worth to extend .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663791

ABSTRACT

Objective· To summarize the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of pelvic chondrosarcoma. Methods · A total of 73 cases of chondrosarcoma were collected, including 24 of pelvic. The clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of pelvic chondrosarcoma were analyzed by statistic methods. Results · The ratio of men to women was 1.4:1,and the median age is 43.5 years old. According to the classification of pelvic proposed by Enneking, there were 5 in region Ⅰ?, 14 in region Ⅱ?, and 5 in region Ⅲ?. On histological review, 1 was grade 1, 15 were grade 2 ,and 8 were grade 3. The histologic types included 17 conventional, 3 dedifferentiated, 2 secondary, and 1 mesenchymal. The overall survival rates of pelvic chondrosarcoma were (82.2±8.1) %,(77.3±8.9) % and(52.4±12.1) % for 3, 5 and 10 years respectively. Local recurrence rate of pelvic chondrosarcoma (83.3%) was significantly higher than those of other sites(34.7%)(P=0.000),and the proportion of amputation was significantly higher than the other sites(50.0% vs 20.4%, P=0.000), but there was no significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups (P=0.216). Conclusion · Pelvic chondrosarcoma have a higher local recurrence rate than the other sites and is tend to result in amputation. Early local recurrence after surgery indicates poor prognosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 39-43, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807994

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical and molecular genetic features of a Chinese patient with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT).@*Methods@#Clinical data including resting electrocardiography, echocardiography and treadmill exercise testing of a patient with CPVT admitted to our department in March 2013 were analyzed, and the peripheral venous blood samples of the patient and his family members and 400 ethnicity-matched healthy controls were obtained. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of the six CPVT-related genes including RYR2, CASQ2, TRDN, CALM1, KCNJ2 and ANKB were sequenced to detect the variants related to CPVT. The relationship between the genotypes and phenotypes was analyzed to direct the target therapy.@*Results@#Recurrent syncope induced either by exercise or extreme frightened fear was observed in this patient. There was no positive family history of syncope or sudden death. The resting electrocardiography and echocardiography of the patient were normal, while the exercise testing revealed bidirectional and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. A cardiac ryanodine receptor gene mutation (R2401H) was identified in this patient, while this mutation was absent in his parents and sister and 400 controls. No variant was detected in the remaining five candidate genes. Treatment with high dose of metoprolol succinate (118.75 mg/d) was effective and patient was free of syncopal attack during the 2 years follow-up.@*Conclusion@#This is the first report on RyR2-R2401H mutation in Chinese patient with CPVT, and high dose of metoptolol is the effective therapy option for CPVT related to RyR2 mutation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269970

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the status of exclusive breastfeeding(EBF) and possible influencing factors during 0-7 days postpartum in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>During 2011 to 2013, healthy mothers and neonates who were in the period of 0- 7 days postpartum from 8 provinces across different regions of China were recruited to take the questionnaire investigations and physical examinations. Information about socio-economic, pregnant, and delivery status, infant healthy situation and feeding indicators was collected to calculate the rate of exclusive breastfeeding during 0- 7 days postpartum and analyze the influencing factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 1 882 pairs of mothers and neonates were covered by this study. The rate of EBF was 13.3% (250 cases) during 0- 7 days postpartum. Bottle feeding (OR=0.08, 95% CI: 0.05- 0.12), the mothers themselves mixed fed at their 0-4 months old (OR=0.22, 95%CI: 0.08-0.58), the mothers who had used methods to stimulate milk secretion (OR=0.58, 95% CI: 0.35- 0.94) might decrease the EBF rate. Compared with the mothers who believed that their breast milk was not enough for their infants, the mothers who believed breastmilk was enough may increase the EBF rate (OR=6.04, 95%CI: 3.34-10.94). Comparing to the EBF rate of Beijing, Yunnan (OR=0.10, 95%CI: 0.04-0.24), and Gansu(OR=0.03,95%CI: 0.01-0.08) had lower EBF rate during 0-7 days postpartum. What's more, the EBF rate increased with the increasing neonates' age (OR=1.33, 95% CI: 1.16- 1.53).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The EBF rate during 0- 7 days postpartum is still low in China and had significant differences in different regions. Suboptimal feeding knowledge and practices affected the EBF rate significantly.</p>


Subject(s)
Bottle Feeding , Breast Feeding , China , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Milk, Human , Mothers , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 57-60, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621318

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of Sengstaken-Blakemore tube in assisting cyanoacrylate injection combined with sclerotherapy and variceal ligation under emergency endoscopy in treating escophageal and gastric variceal bleeding. Methods 60 patients were randomly selected, and were evenly divided into 2 groups single blindly. Endoscopic cyanoacrylate injection, sclerotherapy and variceal ligation were performed in control group, and additional Sengstaken-Blakemore tube were used in experimental group. Results All the 30 patients in study group got effective hemostasis (30 of 30, 100.00 %), whereas only 23 patients in control groups stopped bleeding (23 of 30, 76.67 %) (P < 0.05). escophageal and gastric variceal were cured 19 patients in the experimental group (19 of 30, 63.33 %) , and only 4 were cured in the control group (4 of 28, 14.28 %) (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, occurence of fever, chest pain, hospital days and hospitalization costs of experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (P < 0.05). Conclusions Treating the escophageal and gastric variceal bleeding, using endoscopic cyanoacrylate injection, sclerotherapy; and variceal ligation under emergency endoscopy combined with Sengstaken-Blakemore tube could significantly increase the therapeutic efficiency as well as reduce complications and therapy cost.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1046-1050, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351641

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>We identified the long QT syndrome (LQTS) patients, and detected the potential risk of LQTS in family members by using genetic testing and electrophysiological analysis, which helped provide clinical evaluation and appropriate treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Detailed clinical characteristics and familiar history were obtained from the whole family members of an idiopathic pediatric LQTS patient. Two hundred healthy subjects with the same ethnic background were recruited as controls. The entire coding sequences of three candidate genes including KCNQ1, KCNH2 and SCN5A were screened for mutations in the proband. The function of the mutation was then explored by whole-cell patch clamp techniques, and the genetic testing and risk assessment of the family members were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proband was clinically preliminary diagnosed as LQTS by 12-lead electrocardiogram. On the third day of metoprolol intake (25 mg, bid), she died suddenly at lunch. One heterozygous missense mutation (SCN5A-V411M) was identified in this proband, but the mutation was absent in 200 healthy subjects. The electrophysiological analysis indicated that SCN5A-V411M significantly increased the peak current density ((230.8 ± 27.6)pA/pF vs. (101.2 ± 10.9)pA/pF, n=10, P<0.01) and the late sodium current ((156.6 ± 13.6)pA/pF vs. (95.9 ± 7.9)pA/pF, n=12, P<0.01) of sodium channel compared to wide type. The enhanced sodium channel activation with a negative shift in the peak I-V relationship was significantly higher by -50 mV than wide type (85.0%± 7.4% vs. 41.5% ± 2.6%, P<0.01), while the steady-state inactivation curves remained unchanged. Additionally, mother and grandmother of the proband were the silent mutation carriers with no symptoms, who needed the appropriate clinical assessment and follow-up. The proband's twin sister and aunt died of sudden infant death syndrome.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We firstly reported a heterozygote missense mutation (SCN5A-V411M) in this Chinese family. V411M induced "gain of function" of sodium channel and formed the basis of type-3 LQTS. Genetic testing could help to increase the diagnostic accuracy, and facilitate clinical assessment and appropriate therapy to prevent sudden cardiac death of individuals with SCN5A-V411M mutation.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiac Conduction System Disease , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Genetic Testing , Humans , Incidence , Long QT Syndrome , Mutation , Patch-Clamp Techniques
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637663

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of shear wave elastography (SWE) in the evaluation of liver damage in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS).MethodsSixteen patients with BCS which were all conifrmed by interventional therapy or inferior vena cava angiography were enrolled in the study. And iffty healthy volunteers who were conifrmed with no liver disease history, no surgical history and no metabolic disease such as diabetes were included in this study. All the subjects underwent conventional ultrasound and no obvious abnormality was detected. All the BCS patients and the volunteers underwent SWE. The elastic graph and the quantitative elastic value, including the average value, the maximum value and the minimum value, were acquired and compared between BCS patients and the volunteers.ResultsThe elastic graphs for the healthy volunteers were uniform light blue while the elastic graphs for BCS patients were hybrid images of blue, green and yellow. The average value, the maximum value and the minimum value of BCS patients were (18.1±9.4) kPa, (20.6±10.5) kPa and (15.5±8.5) kPa, which were statistically higher than those of healthy volunteers [(6.2±1.0) kPa, (7.5±1.2) kPa and (4.8±1.1) kPa,t=7.69, 8.94 and 7.83, allP<0.01].ConclusionsSWE can reflect the liver damage of patients with BCS before the change of the two-dimensional ultrasound. It can play an important role in the accurate selection of treatment and the accurate evaluation of treatment effect and the prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302537

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the application valuable of flexible spatial scan statistics and kulldorff scanning window in the cluster detection and early warning of hepatitis A.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The case numbers and incidence data of hepatitis A in 2012 for all the counties (cities, districts)in Yunnan province were collected from China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention and the total number was 1 335. By extracting the time length by month, the flexible spatial scan statistics was tested by retrospective analyses of hepatitis A data in Yunnan in 2012 and compared the results with the Kulldorff circular scan statistic analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of flexible scanning window showed that there were fifteen hepatitis A spatial clusters in Yunnan province in 2012 and in July, these areas including Gejiu county, Mengzi county and Wenshan county had the strongest clusters (the log likelihood ratio (LLR) = 52.66, P = 0.001). The results of Kulldorff scanning window showed that there were twenty hepatitis A spatial clusters and these areas including Gejiu county, Hekou county, Maguan county, Mengzi county, Pingbian county, Wenshan county had the strongest clusters (LLR = 47.82, P = 0.001). The results of the flexible scanning window were the same as the actual monitoring results. But the results of Kulldorff scanning window showed that in May and June some areas without incidence had the clusters.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Flexible scanning window can detect the monthly clusters of the Hepatitis A. Flexible scanning window had a higher accuracy than Kulldorff irregular circular scanning window. Flexible spatial scan statistics had the value in the use of spatial aggregation detecting on hepatitis A.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Cluster Analysis , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Hepatitis A , Humans , Incidence , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247028

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the clinical efficacy on post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) treated with acupuncture and rehabilitation and the impacts on patients' nailfold microcirculation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty patients were randomized into an acupuncture rehabilitation group and a simple rehabilitation group, 60 cases in each one. In the simple rehabilitation group, OT (comprehensive rehabilitation therapy) training was adopted. In the acupuncture rehabilitation group, on the basis of the treatment as the simple rehabilitation, acu puncture was added at Taiyuan (LU 9), Zusanli (ST 36), Xuanzhong (GB 39), Waiguan (TE 5), Shousanli (LI 10), Quchi (LI 11) and Jianyu (LI 15). Acupuncture was given once a day, 7 days made one session. Totally, 4 sessions of treatment were required. Fugl-Meyer score, upper limb pain score, the score of nerve function defect and the items of nailfold microcirculation of patients were assessed in the the two groups before and after treatment. The efficacy was compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The upper limb pain, the systematic motor function of the upper limbs, the nerve function defect, nailfold microcirculation and clinical symptoms were all improved after treatment in either the acupuncture rehabilitation group or the simple rehabilitation group as compared with those before treatment, indicating the significant difference (P<0. 05, P<0. 01). (2) The im provements in the upper limb pain (0. 90+/-0.71 vs 1. 80+/-0. 66), the systematic motor function of the upper limbs (42. 43 13. 57 vs 29. 98+/-15. 11), the nerve function defect (8. 60+/-11. 61 vs 13. 0+/-1. 74), nailfold microcirculation (total score 3. 18+/-1.32 vs 4.34+/-1.23) and clinical symptoms in the acupuncture rehabilitation group after treatment were different significantly as compared with those in the simple rehabilitation group (PO0. 05,P-O. 01), and the results in the acupuncture rehabilitation group were superior to the simple rehabilitation group. (3) In the acupuncture rehabilitation group, the markedly effective rate was 50. 0% (30/60) and the total effective rate was 93.3% (56/60), which was better than 16.7% (10/60) and 63. 3% (38/60) respectively in the simple rehabilitation group (all P<0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both the combined therapy of acupuncture and rehabilitation and the simple rehabilitation training are effective in the treatment of post-stroke SHS, and promote the status of nailfold microcirculation, the efficacy of the combined therapy is better than that of the latter.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347185

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the mechanism of Huogu I formula (I) in treating osteonecrosis of femoral head.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight healthy female Leghorn chickens were randomly divided into control group, model group and Huogu I group, and each group consisted of 16 chickens. At the meantime of model establishment, chickens of the Huogu I group were administrated with decoction, while the model and control group with distilled water by gavage. At the 8th and 16th week after medication, blood samples were obtained for blood lipid detection while both sides of femoral head were harvested for the rest of examinations. Specifically, expressions of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2), transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFβ(1)), Smad4 and Smad7 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, while expression of osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (OPG/RANKL) mRNA was detected by in situ hybridization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in the model group rose significantly. Positive cell counting of BMP2, TGFβ(1), Smad4 and OPG in femoral head of the model group dropped prominently. Positive cell counting of Smad7 and RANKL increased dramatically. In contrast with the model group, levels of TC, TG and LDL-C in Huogu I group reduced significantly. Positive cell counting of BMP2, TGFβ(1), Smad4 and OPG in femoral head of the Huogu I group increased prominently. Indices of Smad7 and RANKL both decreased significantly. Especially at the 8th week, these variations were more significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Huogu I formula is effective in promoting repair of necrotic femoral head by regulating the expressions of BMP2, TGFβ(1), Smads and OPG/RANKL of osteoclast in femoral head.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Metabolism , Bone Regeneration , Physiology , Chickens , Chondrocytes , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Femur Head Necrosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Physiology , Osteocytes , Metabolism , Osteoprotegerin , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B , Genetics , Metabolism , Smad4 Protein , Metabolism , Smad7 Protein , Metabolism , Steroids , Pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 90-92, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428303

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of intraductal ulstrasonography(IDUS)in non-opaque bile duct stones.Methods Between January 2009 and August 2010 in the Department of Gastroenterology at Shanghai 10th People's Hospital,a total of 183 patients(male:102 cases,mean age 69 years; female:81 cases,mean age 71 years)were enrolled,who were suspected of bile duct stones or stenosis which could not be diagnosed by abdominal CT,MRI,and abdominal B-mode ultrasound.All the patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)first,and then patients with non-opaque bile duct stones followed by IDUS.Results A total of 134 cases (73.2%)of bile duct stones were diagnosed by ERCP,49 cases(26.8%)were negative.And then the 49 patients underwent IDUS,of whom 24 patients with sand-like stones,11 patients with lowdensity stones,6 patients with ampullary cancer,2 patients with pancreatic cancer,6 patients with sclerosing cholangitis.The diagnostic accuracy of IDUS in the position and quality of bile duct stones was 100%,higher than that of ERCP,which was 80%.After ERCP,pancreatitis occurred in 3 patients and improved after conservative treatment,there was no complications like perforation and bleeding.Conclusion The diagnostic accuracy of IDUS in the position and quality of bile duct stones is high,which can make up for the misdiagnosis by ERCP without increasing the complications.IDUS can provide reliable basis for the diagnosis of clinical bile duct stones.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 329-332, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348956

ABSTRACT

The paper is to report the observation of pharmacokinetic changes of the characteristic ingredients in the combinations of different-dose herbs of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction. After the establishment of HPLC analytical method of plasma effective constituents, rats were orally administered with different-dose herbs of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction. Blood samples at different times after administering these decoctions were collected, and then were analyzed by HPLC fingerprints technology. Pharmacokinetic parameters of characteristic peaks were analyzed by SPSS 15.0 software and DAS 2.0. At last, we looked for the correlation of those pharmacokinetic parameters and the dosage of Gancao. The best dose of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction was at the ratio of 4 to 4, which was consistent with the dose commonly used in ancient times. The absorption of characteristic peaks from Shaoyao-Gancao decoction was related with the dosage of Gancao, and there existed interaction between each characteristic ingredients. There existed the right dose-ratio of Shaoyao and Gancao to get the best effect. The absorptions of effective constitutents were mutual waxing and waning in order to increase biological effects together. It's demonstrated the compatibility connotation at a right dose-ratio of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction through the angle of pharmacokinetics.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Chemistry , Male , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plasma , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 600-604, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416672

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgical technique,postoperative function and dislocation incidence of proximal humerus reconstruction with metallic endoprostheses and polypropylene knitted nonabsorbable mesh after proximal humeral tumor resection.Methods Twenty patients with proximal humeral tumor were retrospectively reviewed.They were performed proximal humerus reconstruction with proximal humeral prosthesis and polypropylene knitted non-absorbable mesh from February 2006 to January 2009.There were 5 women and 7 men with a mean age of 38 years(range,21-55 years)at the time of surgery,and giant cell tumor in 9 patients(including Campanacci Ⅱ for 3,Campanacci Ⅲ for 6),osteosarcoma in 1(Enneking ⅡB).and chondrosarcoma in 2 (Enneking ⅡA).The operative time,blood loss,and shoulder movement postoperation were analysed.According to the assessment system by MSTS,the function of limb after surgery was assessed.Results Patients were followed clinically and radiographically for a minimum of 24 months (mean,35 months;range,24-52 months).The mean operative time was 172 min(range,150-200min).The mean blood loss was 254 ml (range,150-500 ml).There were no shoulder dislocations at final follow-up.The mean shoulder flexion was 41°(range,20°-60°)and mean shoulder abduction was 42°(range,20°-70°).The mean postoperative functional assessment score of the limb was 66%(range,53%-77%).None of the Datients had a wound infection,traction neuropraxia or died after the surgical procedure.Conclnsion The data suggests that the use of a polypropylene knitted non-absorbable mesh for proximal humerus reconstruction may reduce dislocations and facilitate soft tissue attachment after tumor resection.

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