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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of proteasome inhibitor MG132 in improving osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#Total of 32 female SD rats, weighing 220 to 250 g and 8 weeks old, were selected. They were randomly divided into 4 groups(n=8). Rats of group A and group B were cut off ovaris on both sides to make model of osteoporosis, and then they were given proteasome inhibitors MG132 and dimethyl sufoxide (DMSO) respectively. Group C was a sham group and rats were given MG132. Group D was a normal group and rats were given MG132 too. The rats were killed in batches at 6 and 12 weeks after administration, and the femoral neck tissues were obtained. Relevant data were analyzed, such as pathomorphological observation, micro-CT analysis, detection of 20S proteasome activity in tissues, and expression of Wnt and β-catenin.@*RESULTS@#Morphological observation showed that the trabecular were slightly thinner, reticulated, and occasionally interrupted in group A, while the trabecular were obviously thinner and discontinuous in group B. And the trabecular were intact and arranged reticulated in group C and D. The analysis results of bone mineral density(BMD), bone surface(BS), bone volume/total volume(BV/TV) and trabecular thickness(Tb.Th) showed that group B was worse than other groups in all parameters at different time points(P<0.05), and group A was worse than group C and group D in BS(P<0.05), there was no significant difference in all parameters between group C and group D. RFU value of 20S proteasome in group B was significantly higher than that in other groups(P<0.05). According to the results of Western blot, the gray values of Wnt protein and β-catenin protein in group A were significantly higher than those in other groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MG-132, a ubiquitin proteasome inhibitor, can regulate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by inhibiting the degradation of β-catenin protein, and delaying the occurrence and development of osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Female , Leupeptins , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Proteasome Inhibitors/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of gamma oscillation in chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression, and to investigate its underlying neural mechanism.Methods:According to the anxiety and depression scores, the subjects with chronic insomnia who met the diagnostic criteria were divided into chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group ( n=19) and chronic insomnia group ( n=13). Healthy subjects matched with age, gender, and educational background were selected as the normal control group ( n=16). The EEGs from the three groups under resting state and cognitive load state were collected.The relative gamma power was then calculated by fast Fourier transform.The spatial distribution pattern of the gamma oscillation in the three groups was analyzed.Spearman correlation analysis was employed to quantify the correlation between relative gamma powers and sleep scale, anxiety and depression scale scores. Results:In the resting state, the relative gamma power in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression, chronic insomnia and normal control group was 0.192 1±0.008 0, 0.210 3±0.009 6, 0.237 3±0.006 4, respectively.In the cognitive load state, the relative gamma power in the three groups increased compared with those in the resting state (0.220 7±0.008 1, 0.249 5±0.009 8, 0.267 7±0.007 2, respectively) (all P<0.05). In the resting state, the relative gamma power (F3, F4, C3, C4, P3, P4, O2, F8, T4) in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group (0.179 9±0.009 7) and the chronic insomnia group (0.194 4±0.010 4) was lower than that in control (0.236 0±0.012 0, P<0.05). In the cognitive load state, the relative gamma power (F3, C3, C4, P3, P4, T4) in the chronic insomnia with anxiety and depression group (0.207 3±0.009 7) was lower than that in control (0.259 1±0.009 4)( P<0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between the relative gamma power in the nodes(F3, C3, P3)and the insomnia, anxiety and depression in the three groups(correlation coefficient r=-0.467--0.274, P<0.05). Conclusion:Chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression are often accompanied by cognitive dysfunction.The loss of gamma oscillation in left posterior, left central and left apex may be one of the potential neural mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction in chronic insomnia patients with anxiety and depression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of IGF-1 on cognitive function in REM sleep deprivation model mice and its possible mechanism.Methods:C57BL/6J mice aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into 4 groups with 6 mice in each group.They were Normal control group (CC group), REM sleep deprivation 5d group (SD group), REM sleep deprivation 5d+ Intraperitoneal injection of IGF-1 group (SD+ IGF-1 group), and REM sleep deprivation 5d+ Intraperitoneal injection of PBS group (SD+ PBS group). The Morris water maze was used to test the cognitive function of all mice.The content of IGF-1 in mice hippocampus was detected by Elisa, and the expression level of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in mice in hippocampus was determined by RT-qPCR.Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of p-GSK3β, GSK3 beta, p-Akt, Akt, Bcl-2 and Caspase-9 in mice hippocampus of each group.Results:The time in the target quadrant and the number of times across the platform of the SD group ((11.87±1.67)s, (12.50±5.54) times, respectively)was lower than that of the CC group((19.40±1.75)s, (22.17±8.21) times, respectively), the difference was statistically significant( t=8.71, 2.26, both P<0.05). The time in the target quadrant and the number of times across the platform of the SD+ IGF-1 group ((18.11±1.12)s, (21.83±10.26) times), which were higher than those in the SD+ PBS group ((10.60±1.36)s, (11.50±3.94) times). The difference was statistically significant( t=8.69, 2.42, both P<0.05). The expression of IGF-1 protein in the hippocampus of SD group ((579.38±55.95) pg/mg) was lower than that of CC group ((729.13±79.46)pg/mg), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.83, P<0.05). The expression of IGF1 protein in the hippocampus of SD+ IGF-1 group((665.50±55.21)pg/mg) was significantly higher than that of SD+ PBS group ((563.40±76.33)pg/mg), the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.61, P<0.05). The expression of p-GSK3 beta protein (1.51±0.02) in mice hippocampus of SD group was higher than that of CC group (1.47±0.03), and the expression of p-Akt (0.92±0.04) was lower than that of CC group (1.18±0.05), The difference was statistically significant ( t=3.07, t=10.85, both P<0.05). The expression of Caspase-9 in mice hippocampus of SD group(0.65±0.03)was higher than that of CC group (0.60±0.02). The expression of Bcl-2 in mice hippocampus of SD group (0.93±0.03) was lower than that of CC group (1.00±0.04), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.65, 3.98, both P<0.05). The expression of p-Akt and p-GSK3β protein in mice hippocamps of SD+ IGF-1 group( (1.20±0.04), (1.57±0.03)) was increased compared with those of SD+ PBS group ((0.92±0.05), (1.51±0.03)), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.98, 11.49, both P<0.05). The expression of Caspase-9 in mice hippocamps of SD+ IGF-1 group (0.60±0.03) was decreased compared with that of SD+ PBS group (0.67±0.02). The expression of Bcl-2 in mice hippocampus of SD+ IGF-1 group (1.00±0.03) was increased compared with SD+ PBS group (0.93±0.02), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.19, 3.83, both P<0.05). The expression level of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 mRNA in mice hippocampus of SD group ((3.36±0.67), (2.00±0.40), (4.63±0.72)) were increased compared with CC group with statistically significant differences ( t=8.58, 6.15, 2.37, all P<0.05). The expression level of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 mRNA in mice hippocampu of SD+ IGF-1 group ((1.21±0.25), (1.08±0.33), (0.98±0.47)) were lower than those of SD+ PBS group ((3.86±0.79), (2.11±0.30), (4.43±0.67)), with statistically significant differences ( t=7.81, 5.76, 10.39, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The cognitive function of mice decreased after REM sleep deprivation and improved after IGF-1 supplementation, which may be related to the activation of PI3K / Akt signal pathway by IGF-1, thus reducing apoptosis related signal transduction and inflammatory factor expression.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804684

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence of silicosis in the militias with contribution to the former Xiangyu Railway construction in Nanchong, China, from 2008 to 2017, and to provide a scientific basis for the future development of pneumoconiosis prevention and control strategies based on the current status.@*Methods@#A database was established for the data of 11863 militias with contribution to the former Xiangyu Railway construction in Nanchong, China, who attended our hospital from 2008 to 2017, including 11485 males (96.81%) and 378 females (3.19%). The SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the differences in the detection rate of silicosis between militias with different sexes or those with different job types, as well as the age, length of service, and regional distribution of patients.@*Results@#Of the 11863 railway militias in Nanchong, 3169 (26.71%) were diagnosed with silicosis, including 2761 (87.12%) in stage I, 359 (11.33%) in stage II, and 49 (1.55%) in stage III; the males had a significantly higher detection rate of silicosis than the females (χ2=64.496, P<0.05); there was a significant difference in the detection rate of silicosis between the militias with different job types (χ2=856.839, P<0.05). There were significant differences in the mean age of diagnosis and the mean length of service between the patients with different stages of silicosis (F=4.944, P<0.05; F=3.174, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the number of militia patients with silicosis between different areas of Nanchong (χ2=843.330, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of silicosis is relatively high among the militias with contribution to the former Xiangyu Railway. It is necessary to strengthen the occupational health monitoring of patients, actively treat and prevent complications, and improve the quality of life of patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746195

ABSTRACT

Atrophic age-related macular degeneration (AMD) does not show obvious loss of visual function in the early stage,so it is not easy to be taken seriously.In the advanced stage,most of the patients suffered from macular area retinal map atrophy,which affected night vision and central vision.Drugs currently used in clinical or clinical trials to treat atrophic AMD include drugs for improving choroidal perfusion,reducing the accumulation of harmful substances,preventing oxidative stress injury,inhibiting inflammatory reactions,as well as neuroprotectants and lipid metabolism drugs.Stem cell transplantation for atrophic AMD is currently the most promising treatment.In theory,it is feasible to replace atrophic AMD with retinal photoreceptor cells and RPE cells derived from human stem cell differentiation.However,there are still many problems to be solved,such as how to improve the efficiency of directional differentiation of seed cells and how to ensure the safe and effective RPE cell transplantation and survival after transplantation.At present,several studies have found that multiple locus mutations are associated with atrophic AMD,so gene therapy also plays an important role in the development of the disease.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 769-781, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774944

ABSTRACT

Bicyclol is a synthetic drug for hepatoprotection in clinic since 2004. Preliminary clinical observations suggest that bicyclol might be active against hepatitis C virus (HCV) with unknown mechanism. Here, we showed that bicyclol significantly inhibited HCV replication and in hepatitis C patients. Using bicyclol as a probe, we identified glycolipid transfer protein (GLTP) to be a novel restrictive factor for HCV replication. The GLTP preferentially bound host vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein-A (VAP-A) in competition with the HCV NS5A, causing an interruption of the complex formation between VAP-A and HCV NS5A. As the formation of VAP-A/NS5A complex is essential for viral RNA replication, up-regulation of GLTP by bicyclol reduced the level of VAP-A/NS5A complex and thus inhibited HCV replication. Bicyclol also exhibited an inhibition on HCV variants resistant to direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) with an efficacy identical to that on wild type HCV. In combination with bicyclol, DAAs inhibited HCV replication in a synergistic fashion. GLTP appears to be a newly discovered host restrictive factor for HCV replication, Up-regulation of GLTP causes spontaneous restriction of HCV replication.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 256-262, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710946

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on sleep status,neuropsychological characteristics in patients with stroke combined with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAHS).Methods Fifty-four patients hospitalized with stroke in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from May 2014 to January 2016,who were with snoring and met the OSAHS diagnostic criteria,were randomly divided into CPAP combined with drug treatment group (25 cases) and drug treatment alone group (29 cases).The sleep structure and respiratory parameters were evaluated by polysomnography,and the changes of the patients' sleep status was assessed by Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).The changes of neurocognitive function were assessed by Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA),Digital Span Test (DST) and Hopkins Verbal Learning Testrevised (HVLT),and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9) was used to evaluate the depression mood changes.The changes of sleep status,cognitive function and mood in the CPAP combined with drug treatment group were compared before and three months after CPAP combined with drug treatment,and with the drug treatment alone group.Results Because five cases were dropped off,there were 20 patients in the CPAP combined with drug treatment group and 29 patients in the drug treatment alone group who completed the study.After three months of CPAP combined with drug treatment,the respiratory parameters apnea hypopnea index (AHI) in the CPAP combined with drug treatment group (29.32 ± 16.57) was significantly lower than that before treatment (41.66 ± 21.84;t =3.926,P =0.001),and the minimum blood oxygen saturation (LSaO2;82.11% ± 5.66%) was significantly higher than that before treatment (76.11% ± 8.90%;t=-5.054,P=0.000).However,the sleep structure parameters did not show statistically significant changes compared with those before treatment.The ESS,PSQI and PHQ9 scores in the CPAP combined with drug treatment group (4.53 ± 3.86,3.00 ± 2.45,0.00 (0.00,2.00)) were significantly decreased compared with those before treatment (10.58 ± 7.82,7.53 ± 2.87,3.00 (1.00,9.00);t =-3.883,P =0.001;t =-6.522,P =0.000;Z =-3.549,P =0.000),whereas MoCA,HVLT (total scores,recall and recognition) and DST 1,2 scores in the CPAP combined with drug treatment group (23.37 ± 4.75,22.32 ± 6.90,7.47 ± 3.82,7.84 ± 2.59,5.32 ± 2.81) were increased compared with those before treatment (22.16±4.94,19.16 ±7.66,6.68 ±3.74,7.32 ±2.67,5.00 ±3.00;t=-2.773,P=0.013;t=-6.857,P=0.000;t=-2.704,P=0.015;t=-2.249,P=0.037;t=-2.882,P =0.010).The ESS,PSQI and PHQ9 scores were significantly reduced in the CPAP combined with drug treatment group compared with the drug treatment alone group (8.76 ± 6.92,7.59 ± 5.49,5.00 (2.50,9.50);t=-2.711,P=0.009;t=-3.941,P=0.000;Z=-4.555,P=0.000),whereas the DST1 score was significantly increased compared with the drug treatment alone group (6.45 ± 1.43;t =2.144,P =0.042).Conclusions Three-month CPAP combined with drugs mainly improved the daytime sleepiness and depression of patients with stroke combined with OSAHS.Cognition especially in attention was significantly improved,and the degree of low ventilation and hypoxia was alleviated,whereas there was no significant change in sleep structure disorder.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664591

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of cobra venom nerve growth factor ( NGF) on inducing the apoptosis of LX2 cells, the key cells of hepatic fibrosis , through Akt signaling pathway and its underlying mechanism .Methods CCK-8 method was used to detect the pro-liferation of LX2 cells at different concentrations of NGF and LY294002 .Flow cytometry was applied to detect the effect of NGF on the apoptosis of LX 2 cells. Western blot was used to study the effects of NGF and LY294002 respectively , and their combination on the p-Akt protein level .Results NGF could decrease the survival rate of LX2 cells, and the minimum effective concentration was 1mg· L-1; it increased the apopto-sis rate of LX2 cells within the rise of concentration un-der a certain of range and decreased the expression level of p-Akt, but it had no significant effect on the ex-pression of Akt .Conclusions NGF may promote the apoptosis of LX2 cells by inhibiting the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in a concentration-de-pendent manner .The study of the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis is significant for the clinical treatment of liver fibrosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692297

ABSTRACT

Dehydrins are well associated with the abiotic stress tolerance of the plants, such as dehydration, salt stress and cold stress. They include a highly conserved lysine-rich motif called K-segment, which is believed to play a significant role in dehydrin function. The K-segment shows in vitro antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria like its full-length dehydrin protein. In this study, the structures of the K-segment from rice dehydrin have been investigated by CD spectroscopy, NMR and molecular dynamic simulation. The results reveal that the K-segment is disordered in aqueous solution, but adopts helical structure in mimetic membrane environment, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles. The central region of K-segment forms an a-helix and exhibits amphipathic arrangement,where hydrophobic residues locate on one side and hydrophilic residues are on the other side. The amphipathic feature allows the helix region of the K-segment to insert into the SDS micelles, resulting in stable association with mimetic membrane. To realize the energy minimization,the hydrophobic side of the helix faces to the hydrophobic core of SDS micelles,and the hydrophilic side of the helix faces to the surface of micelles. The precise 3D structure and orientation information of the K-segment obtained in this work might provide new insights in understanding the structure-function relationship of dehydrins.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691145

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical outcome of intelligent inflated reduction combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in treating thoracolumbar burst fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 22 patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures of single segment treated from January 2013 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 males and 10 females, aged from 32 to 56 years old with an average of (42.4±8.6) years. Self-made intelligent pneumatic reset instrument was applied to 22 cases under anaesthesia reduction, and then percutaneous pedicle screw fixation was performed. Clinical features were observed and the clinical effects were evaluated by VAS, ODI, kyphotic angle (Cobb angle) and the injured vertebral anterior border height before and after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up from 1 to 2.5 years with an average of 18 months. All fractures obtained bone healing, no complications such as loosening, displacement, breakage of pedicle screw and kyphosis were found. Preoperative, 1 week postoperative, and final follow-up, VAS scores of lumbar pain were 7.82±0.85, 3.09±0.92, 1.05±0.72;ODI scores were 84.2±11.2, 46.3±9.0, 12.2±4.3;Cobb angle were (16.3±5.4)°, (3.7±2.2)°, ( 5.5±2.6)°; the injured vertebral anterior border heights were (59.5±7.8)%, (86.9±6.0)%, (83.5±5.5)%, respectively. There was significant differences in VAS, ODI scores between any two times(<0.05). At 1 week postoperative and final follow-up, Cobb angle, injuried vertebral anterior border height were obviously improved (<0.05), and there was no significant difference between postoperative 1 week and final follow-up (>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It is safe and feasible surgical technique that intelligent inflated reduction combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for thoracolumbar burst fractures. It has advantage of little trauma, reliable fixation, and less complication, etc. Therefore, it is a better choice for single-segment thoracolumbar burst fractures.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311571

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical significance of serum midkine (MK) in children with henoch-schnlein purpura(HSP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and six children with HSP admitted in our hospital from March 2013 to March 2016 were enrolled in HSP group, but then 80 healthy volunteers were used as control. MK, interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interferon γ (IFN-γ) and IL-17 in peripheral blood were measured by ELISA, biochemical indicators including white blood cell count (WBC), platelet (Plt), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), D-dimer, immunoglobulin A (IgA), IgE, IgG, IgM and other clinical data were recorded and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 106 cases of henoch-schonlein purpura, 42 patients combined with renal failure (isolated hematuria in 4 cases, 17 cases of isolated proteinuria, hematuria and proteinuria in 21 cases). Midkine level in children with HSP was significantly higher than that in the control group [291.70(248.50-396.41) pg/ml vs 217.30(198.98-243.65) pg/ml)](P<0.05); the MK level in group of HSP with nephritis was higher than that in group of HSP without nephritis [326.58(266.58-459.25) pg/ml vs 280.72(233.67-384.36) pg/ml] (P<0.05). IL-4, IL-6, IL-17, TNF and IFN-γ levels in children with HSP were higher than those in the control group(P<0.05), but IL-10 level was lower than that in control group. IL-2 level was not significantly different between 2 groups. Cytokines levels in HSP nephritis group and HSP without renal involvement were not significantly different. Pearson correlation analysis showed that midkine level positively correlated with IL-4, IL-6, IL-17, IgA and IgE (P<0.05). By ROC curve analysis, the AUC of midkine was 0.902, 95% CI 0.841-0.963 (P<0.001), threshold 295.50 pg/ml. The sensitivity and specificity of midkine for predicting Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis were 80.60% and 88.30% respecitvely.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Plasma MK plays an important role in the development of Henoch-Schonlein purpura and Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis. Plasma MK can be used as an effective indicator for early diagnosis and prediction of HSP and renal damage.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the surgical outcome of unilateral pedicle screw(UPS) after TLIF technique combined with contralateral percutaneous transfacet screw(PTS) fixation vs bilateral pedicle screws(BPS) fixation in treatment of degenerative lumbar disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2009 to June 2012, 46 patients with degenerative lumbar diseases, including 30 males and 16 females with an average age of 51.5 years old, who were divided into two groups according to different fixation methods. Twenty-two cases underwent UPS after TLIF technique combined with contralateral PTS fixation (group A), while the others underwent BPS fixation(group B). The relative data were analyzed, such as blood loss volume, operative time, fusion rate, ODI score, JOA score and so on.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up for 1 to 3 years with an average of 22 months. Except one case of each group was uncertainty fusion, the rest have obtained bony fusion, and the fusion rates in group A and B were 95.5% and 95.8%, respectively. No displacement and breakage of screw were found during follow-up. Operative time and blood loss volume in group A were better than of group B(<0.05). ODI and JOA scores had improved obviously than preoperation(<0.05), but the differences had no statistical significance between two groups(>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Two approaches had similar clinical outcomes for degenerative lumbar disease with no severe instability. Compared with BPS fixation, the UPS after TLIF technique and contralateral PTS fixation has the advantages of less trauma, shorter operative time and less blood loss, and it is a safe and feasible surgical technique.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609410

ABSTRACT

N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) protects rats administrated with gadolinium-based contrast agents from renal injury, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear.A 1H NMR-based metabolomics approach coupled with OPLS-DA (orthogonal projection to latent structure with discriminant analysis) was used to analyze the effect of NAC on urinary metabolic changes for Chronic Renal Failure Rats administrated with Gd-DTPA (Gd-Diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid).Combined with univariate analysis of integral area, the significantly changed metabolites were selected to screen out the potential metabolic disturbances that induced by Gd-DTPA and NAC.These researches may attribute to study of the protective effect of NAC from renal failure induced by gadolinium-based contrast agents.The disturbance of energy metabolism, urea cycle and kynurenine metabolism were observed from the CRF group.Gd-DTPA caused the reduction of urinary choline, TMAO, o-HPA, p-HPA, hippurate, glycine, nicotinate and taurine accompanied with the elevation of allantoin.Metabonomic recovery in the NAC group was observed, which implied that NAC protects rats with chronic renal failure from Gd-DTPA induced disturbances of gut microbiota metabolism, liver mitochondria metabolism and kynurenine metabolism.The replenishment of glutathione in cells and the recovery of urea cycle that caused by NAC may protect rats from oxidative damage and renal injury.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2323-2325,2326, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604452

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether there is amyloid fibers in the mature neutrophils and to reveal the molecular mechanism of the formation of AD amyloidosis. Method Thirty cases of AD patients and 30 healthy control were enrolled. The white blood cell, the red blood cell,hemoglobin and neutrophil absolute value were determined by Sysmex X5-500i hematology analyzer. The neutrophils and amyloid variable specific probe affinity were measured, The starch like variable fluorescence intensity in plasma was dtected by the sulfur T (Thioflavin T, ThT) method. Results The affinity test results showed that the amyloidosis fluorescent probe (ThT) can be combined with tissue amyloid fibers specifically. The neutrophil amyloid fibers staining also showed a positive reaction. Compared with the AD group, no significant differences were found in white blood cell, red blood cell, hemoglobin and neutrophil absolute value level in the healthy control group The serum amyloid variable fluorescence intensity in the AD group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion The amyloid fibers was found in the mature neutrophils, and the level of plasma amyloid fibers was significantly increased in the AD patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494386

ABSTRACT

Wistar rats were intragastrically administered with different doses (2, 5 and 10 g / kg body weight) of haematitum. 1H NMR-based metabonomic analysis coupled with multivariate statistical analysis (principal component analysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis) was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of the urine samples collected from the treated rats. Univariate analysis on the 1H NMR spectra of urine (1 d before administration, 1-5 d post administration) was used to screen out the potential features of haematitum. Significant treatment related changes were observed for the levels of citrate, tuarine, creatinine,α-ketoglutarate, succinate and dimethylglycine, which could be used as potential features of haematitum. A trend of recovery in connection with dose levels was observed overtime. Such biochemical changes indicated that haematitum treatment at the dose of 2, 5 and 10 g / kg body weight affected the Krebs cycle and glucose metabolism, energy metabolism, choline metabolism and dimethylglycine metabolism in rats. These changes may attribute to the disturbances of hepatic function in 10 g / kg body weight group.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345215

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the operative skills and effect of unilateral pedicle screw combined with contralateral percutaneous transfacet screws fixation in treating degenerative low lumbar disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2009 to December 2011,22 patients with degenerative low lumbar disease were treated with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion, during the operations, unilateral pedicle screw and contralateral percutaneous transfacet screw fixation were performed. There were 16 males and 6 females, aged from 32 to 71 years old with an average of (51.1 ± 10.6) years, including single segment in 20 cases and two segments in 2 cases. Clinical effects were evaluated according to visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 1 to 2.5 years with an average of 18 months. One case complicated with leakage of cerebrospinal fluid after operation and 1 case with lower limb pain of decompression-side on the 3rd day after operation. Twenty-two patients got bony fusion. There were no instability and evidence of instrument failure during follow-up. The VAS and ODI score decreased from preoperative 8.24 ± 0.72, 36.72 ± 6.84 respectively to 3.18 ± 0.66, 4.36 ± 1.12 at the final follow-up (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Unilateral pedicle screw combined with contralateral percutaneous transfacet screw fixation is safe and feasible surgical technique in treating low lumbar degenerative disease. It has advantages of little trauma, rigid fixation, high fusion rate, and less complication. etc.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biomechanical Phenomena , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion , Methods
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286528

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the differential gene expression profile of the lung tissues in experimental silicosis rats and to screen for and identify the key signal transduction pathways in pulmonary silicotic fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 80 rats were randomly divided into control group (n = 40) and silica-instilled group (n = 40). Each group was equally divided into five subgroups, and each subgroup was treated at 1, 7, 14, 21, or 28 d. Intratracheal instillation was used to give 1 ml of silica suspension (50 mg/ml) in the silica-instilled group and normal saline in the control group. Silicotic nodules and type I and III collagen were observed through hematoxylin and eosin staining and Sirius red staining, respectively. Differentially expressed genes in pulmonary silicotic fibrosis were selected by the rat whole-genome gene expression RatRef-12 BeadChip (Illumina, USA), and a fold change cutoff was applied. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was also used to verify differentially expressed genes. Through bioinformatics databases such as Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), preliminary research was performed on the biological pathways of differential genes, key biological signal transduction pathways were identified, and key differentially expressed genes in each pathway at different time points were searched for.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2694 genes were differentially expressed and changed dynamically. The KEGG pathway analysis showed that 141 signal transduction pathways were involved in the development and progression of pulmonary silicotic fibrosis, among which 48 pathways were more significant than others (P < 0.01), with the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway exceptionally significant. The differentially expressed genes interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R), tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) in the MAPK pathway were up-regulated at different time points after silica instillation. The results of real-time PCR showed that granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was over-expressed at 4 time points and under-expressed at 1 time point compared with the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MAPK signal transduction pathway plays a very important role in the development of pulmonary silicotic fibrosis. Both IL-1R and TNFR may play major roles during inflammation phase through the P38/Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway, and TGF-β may have important function through the extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in the formation of fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction , Silicosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454004

ABSTRACT

Poly ( aspartic acid-co-leucine) was synthesized, modified via ethylenediamine, conjugated with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) and finally chelated with gadoliniumⅢ, yielding PL-A2-DOTA-Gd. The T1-relaxivity (15. 3 mmol-1 ·L·s-1 ) of PL-A2-DOTA-Gd was 2. 6 times than that of Gd-DOTA (5. 8 mmol-1·L·s-1) in D2O. The results of magnetic resonance imaging experiments showed significant enhancement in the rat liver after intravenous administration of PL-A2-DOTA-Gd, which persisted longer than Gd-DOTA. The mean percentage enhancements of liver parenchyma were 65. 1%±5. 2%and 21. 3%±4. 9%, for PL-A2-DOTA-Gd and Gd-DOTA, respectively.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 551-554, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437031

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of argatroban in the treatment of progressive cerebral infarction.Methods Three hundred hospitalized patients with progressive cerebral infarction from October 2006 to September 2011 were collected,among which 150 cases who agreed to the use of argatroban as experimental group,and 150 cases who didn' t agree to the use of argatroban for economic reasons as control group.Experimental group was treated with venous argatroban.It was 60 mg/d within the first 2 days and 24 h continuous intravenous drip.From the beginning of the 3rd day,the dosage was changed to 10 mg each time,twice a day for 5 days.Additionally,75 mg clopidogrel was given once a day for 12 days.Control group was only treated with 75 mg clopidogrel once a day for 14 days.The degree of neurological deficit was compared using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scoring and the rehabilitation condition was evaluated by Barthel index (BI) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scoring between 2 groups before treatment and 3 d,14 d,30 d and 90 d after treatment respectively,and further compared to patients with large artery stenosis and anterior or posterior circulation infarction.The indexes of coagulation function of 2 groups were monitored meanwhile.Results The degree of neurological deficit was significantly improved in the short term (before treatment:NIHSS 15.19 ± 2.70,after treatment of 3 d 10.75 ±2.09,t =2.l14,P =0.037 ;14 d 8.77 ± 1.50,t =2.092,P =0.039;30 d 6.89 ± 0.79,t =2.520,P =0.013 ;90 d 4.85 ± 0.38,t =2.723,P =0.008),and the activities of daily living were significant enhanced in the experimental group (after treatment of 30 d BI 70.89 ± 12.69,90 d 88.16 ± 11.96,90 d mRS 1.57 + 0.39) when compared with the control group (after treatment of 30 d BI 60.26 ± 11.85,t =2.292,P=0.023;90 d 69.90 ± 12.63,t =2.790,P =0.006;90 d mRS 2.14 ±0.52,t =2.124,P =0.035).For large artery stenosis or posterior circulation infarction,the efficacy of argatroban was better.The indexes of coagulation function were in the normal range both before and after medication.No serious adverse reaction occurred during treatment.Conclusion Argatroban which has a higher security probably improves the prognosis and reduces the disability of patients with progressive cerebral infarction.

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