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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 622-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To reevaluate the system atic evaluation of g emcitabine combined with cisplatin in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC),in order to provide evidence-based evidence for the treatment of NSCLC. METHODS Retrieved from Wanfang database ,CNKI,VIP,PubMed,Embase,systematic evaluation of gemcitabine combined with cisplatin versus pemetrexed/vinorelbine combined with cisplatin in the treatment of advanced NSCLC was included from the inception to Dec. 2021. RevMan 5.3 system evaluation software was used for meta-analysis of various outcome indicators ; AMSTAR2 scale was used for methodological quality evaluation ,and GRADE tool was used for evidence quality evaluation. RESULTS A total of 9 literatures were included. Meta-analysis showed that the effective rate of gemcitabine combined with cisplatin was significantly lower than pemetrexed combined with cisplatin ,but was similar to vinorelbine combined with cisplatin. The 1-year survival rate of gemcitabine combined with cisplatin was equivalent to that of pemetrexed combined with cisplatin ,but was superior to vinorelbine combined with cisplatin. There was no significant difference in the incidence of nausea and vomiting between gemcitabine combined with cisplatin and pemetrexed/vinorelbine combined with cisplatin. Gemcitabine combined with cisplatin had a higher incidence of thrombocytopenia than pemetrexed/vinorelbine combined with cisplatin. The incidence of neutropenia and leukopenia in gemcitabine combined with cisplatin were higher than pemetrexed combined with cisplatin ,but were significantly lower than vinorelbine combined with cisplatin. The evaluation results of AMSTAR 2 scale showed that 6 systematic evaluation were of low quality in methodology and 3 were of very low quality. The results of the GRADE tool showed that 31% of the outcome indicators were of medium quality (14 items),27% were of low quality (12 items),and 42% were of very low quality(19 items). Research limitations and publication bias were the most frequently downgraded factors. CONCLUSIONS Gemcitabine combined with cisplatin has advantages over 154854280@qq.com vinorelbine combined with cisplatin in the efficacy and safety of ad vanced NSCLC ,especially in the 1-year survival rate ,the incidence of neutropenia and leucopenia. The efficacy and safety of gemcitabine combined with cisplatin are inferior to those of pemetrexed combined with cisplatin. However ,the methodological quality and evidence level of systematic evaluation are not high on the whole ,and the overall quality of research needs to be improved.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 497-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To systematically evaluate the adverse effects of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) drugs on pregnant women and fetuses ,so as to provide evidence-based reference for clinical medication. METHODS PubMed,Cochrane Library,Embase,CBM,CNKI,Wanfang database and VIP were searched by computer to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs),cohort studies ,case-control studies ,case series and case reports about pregnant women exposed to DR-TB drugs. The retrieval time limit was from the establishment of each database to August 20,2021. After selecting the literature and extracting the data,the bias risk assessment tool recommended by 6.2 version of Cochrane system evaluator manual was used to evaluate the quality of the included RCTs ;Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to evaluate the quality of the included cohort studies and case-control studies ;IHE scale issued by the Canadian Institute of Health Economics (IHE)was used to evaluate the quality of the included case series and case reports. RevMan 5.1 software was used for Meta-analysis of non-comparative binary data. RESULTS A total of 13 literature were included ,including 7 case series and 6 case reports ,involving 203 patients and 204 newborns;among them,there were 6 literature about non-comparative binary data. The results of meta-analysis showed that after exposure to DR-TB drugs,no newborn had birth defects ;the mortality of pregnant women was 0.09[95%CI(0.06,0.15),P<0.000 01];the neonatal mortality was 0.02[95%CI(0,0.06),P<0.000 01];the incidence of preterm birth was 0.14[95%CI(0.03,0.43),P=0.02];the incidence of infants with low birth weight was 0.17[95%CI(0.04,0.51),P=0.06];the incidence of growth retardation was 0.15[95%CI(0.09,0.22),P<0.000 01];the incidence of stillbirth was 0.05[95%CI(0.02,0.09),P<0.000 01];the incidence of abortion was 0.08[95%CI(0.05,0.14),P<0.000 01]. CONCLUSIONS Pregnant women exposed to DR-TB drugs can cause pregnant women ’s death and abortion ,neonatal death ,premature birth ,infants with low birth weight ,growth retardation and stillbirth,but there is no neonatal birth defect ;these adverse outcomes may be related to the history of DR-TB.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 350-354, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883724

ABSTRACT

Objective:By exploring the source of children's total fluoride intake and the relationship between children's total fluoride intake and dental fluorosis prevalence, to calculate the benchmark dose (BMD) of children's total fluoride intake and its 95% confidence lower limit (BMDL), and to provide the basis for revision of "Total Fluoride Intake for Inhabitants" (WS/T 87-2016).Methods:The villages that had water improvement for 5 years and more in 6 provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Hebei, Anhui, Henan and Shaanxi were selected as survey sites in April 2014. The water fluoride content of these villages was 0.3 - 3.0 mg/L, tap water samples from the centralized water supply were collected, and fluoride content was detected by ion selective electrode method. Children aged 8 to 12 years were selected, children's dental fluorosis was checked by Dean's method. Children's dietary and drinking water volume were surveyed by duplicate portion study (measurement for 3 d), and dietary fluoride content was detected according to the "Method for Determination of Fluorine in Foods". The mean and standard deviation of drinking water fluoride intake, dietary fluoride intake, and total fluoride intake were measured. According to the dose-response relationship between children's total fluoride intake and the detection rate of dental fluorosis, BMD and BMDL were calculated, and the reference dose (RfD) was calculated based on BMDL.Results:The mean of water fluoride of all 29 villages was 1.26 mg/L (from 0.41 to 2.85 mg/L). Totally 3 043 children aged 8 to 12 years were checked, and the detection rate of dental fluorosis was 30.2% (919/3 034). The lowest detection rate of dental fluorosis was 2.0% (2/100) and the highest was 71.4% (30/42) in the 29 villages. The children's dietary and drinking water volume of 769 person-time aged 8 to 12 years were surveyed, the children's daily drinking water fluoride intake, dietary fluoride intake, and total fluoride intake were (0.83 ± 0.66), (1.13 ± 0.61) and (1.96 ± 0.89) mg/d, respectively. The BMD of children's daily total fluoride intake was 2.43 mg, the BMDL was 2.21 mg, and the RfD was 2.21 mg.Conclusion:The BMD of 8 to 12 years old children's daily total fluoride intake is the same as the allowable limit (2.4 mg) of the national standard "Total Fluoride Intake for Inhabitants" (WS/T 87-2016).

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 190-194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of sodium fluoride (NaF) on the expression of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signal and apoptosis in human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells.Methods:Saos-2 cells were divided into 0 (control), 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg/L fluoride groups ( n= 3) according to the dose of NaF. The cells were collected after 24 and 48 h of culture in vitro. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of PI3K/Akt signal and Forkhead transcription factor (FoxO) 1, and the apoptosis level of Saos-2 cells was detected by flow cytometry. Results:There were no significants differences in the expressions of PI3K and Akt in Saos-2 cells at 24 and 48 h ( P > 0.05). At 24 h, the expressions of phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K) in 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg/L fluoride groups (0.40 ± 0.06, 0.45 ± 0.02, 0.37 ± 0.06, 0.32 ± 0.06) were higher than that in the control group (0.28 ± 0.04, P < 0.05); at 48 h, the expressions of p-PI3K in 5 and 10 mg/L fluoride groups (0.46 ± 0.06, 0.58 ± 0.03) were higher than that in the control group (0.29 ± 0.04, P < 0.05), and that in the 40 mg/L fluoride group (0.21 ± 0.03) was lower than that in the control group ( P < 0.05). At 24 h, the expressions of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) in 5, 10 and 20 mg/L fluoride groups (0.27 ± 0.01, 0.30 ± 0.03, 0.27 ± 0.03) were higher than that in the control group (0.20 ± 0.02, P < 0.05); at 48 h, the expressions of p-Akt in 5 and 10 mg/L fluoride groups (0.42 ± 0.04, 0.60 ± 0.02) were higher than that in the control group (0.27 ± 0.01, P < 0.05), and that in the 40 mg/L fluoride group (0.18 ± 0.02) was lower than that in the control group ( P < 0.05). The expressions of FoxO1 in 10, 20 and 40 mg/L fluoride groups at 24 h (0.38 ± 0.07, 0.41 ± 0.06, 0.47 ± 0.08) were higher than that in the control group (0.34 ± 0.04, P < 0.05). At 48 h, the expressions of FoxO1 in 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg/L fluoride groups (0.36 ± 0.08, 0.37 ± 0.10, 0.54 ± 0.04, 0.73 ± 0.04) were higher than that in the control group (0.28 ± 0.04, P < 0.05). At 24 and 48 h, the apoptosis rates of control group and 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg/L fluoride groups were (2.867 ± 0.583)%, (3.647 ± 0.035)%, (3.773 ± 0.095)%, (5.440 ± 0.325)%, (7.203 ± 0.476)%; (3.707 ± 0.286)%, (4.023 ± 0.241)%, (4.970 ± 0.368)%, (12.473 ± 0.949)%, (19.387 ± 1.892)%, respectively. The apoptosis level of 40 mg/L fluoride group was higher than that of control group at 24 h ( P < 0.05), and that of 20 and 40 mg/L fluoride groups were higher than that of control group at 48 h ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Fluoride can directly activate the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in osteoblasts, and then has anti-apoptotic effect.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the intervention effect of motivational interviews based on timing theory on self-efficacy, negative affect and coping styles of parents with infantile spasms children.Methods:Cluster sampling was used to select 82 parents of infantile spasms hospitalized in the Department of Neurology of a children’s hospital, a three-A hospital from January 2019 to October 2019. They were divided into control group and observation group with 41 cases each according to random number table. The control group received routine health education, and the observation group received five motivational interviews based on timing theory interventions on the basis of routine care. The effect of the intervention was evaluated by General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Chinese version of Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP) before intervention, on the day of discharge, and 3 months after discharge.Results:Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in the scores of GSES, HADS and CHIP scales between the parents of the two groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, The GSES scores of the observation group on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge were (19.63±0.87) and (22.58±1.28) points, which were significantly higher than (18.92±0.74) and (19.46±1.25) points of the control group. The difference between both groups was statistically significant ( t values were -3.865, -10.926, P<0.01). HADS-A/HADS-D scores of the observation group on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge were (12.50±0.82), (10.50±0.87) and (9.78±0.80), (8.63±0.87) points, respectively. The HADS-A/HADS-D scores of the control group on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge were (12.92±0.74), (11.72±0.99) and (10.23±0.78), (9.38±1.04) points, respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.412-5.764, P<0.05 or 0.01). The observation group scores on CHIP subscales on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge are higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (t values were -7.93--2.490, P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusions:Motivational interviews based on timing theory can enhance parents’ self-efficacy, improve their negative emotions and family coping styles, and thereby promote the recovery of children.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905841

ABSTRACT

Objective:Polygalae Radix is mainly produced in Northeast,North,Northwest and Central China and Sichuan province. There are obvious differences in quality of <italic>Polygala tenuifolia</italic> from different areas. <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> cultivation areas are relatively concentrated. Currently,there are only a few studies about the suitability zoning of <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> nationwide,in order to determine the suitable zoning of <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> in China. This paper made a habitat suitability evaluation of <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> nationwide based on analysis of ecological factors in distribution areas of sampling points. Method:MaxEnt model was used to select ecological factors that affected the distribution of <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> and construct an evaluation model. ArcGIS software was used to evaluate the suitability of different habitats of<italic> P. tenuifolia</italic>. The suitable areas were classified into high,medium,low suitability areas and unsuitable area of <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> nationwide. Result:The evaluation model was highly accurate,and concluded that <italic>P. tenuifolia'</italic>s suitability distribution area in China was 3.21×10<sup>6</sup> km<sup>2</sup>,including 0.52×10<sup>6</sup> km<sup>2</sup> of high suitability area,0.96×10<sup>6</sup> km<sup>2</sup> of medium suitability area and 1.73×10<sup>6</sup> km<sup>2</sup> of low suitability area. High suitability areas were mainly distributed in Shanxi province,Hebei province,Shandong province,Shaanxi province,Liaoning province and Henan province. The main ecological factors affecting the distribution of <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic> were annual average temperature change range,mean temperature of driest quarter,precipitation of wettest quarter,altitude,slope and topsoil (0-30 cm) calcium carbonate. Conclusion:The results of the study are consistent with the records in relevant literatures,and can provide a theoretical basis for protection and cultivation of Chinese medicine resource <italic>P. tenuifolia</italic>.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904316

ABSTRACT

@#A 21-year-old male student was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital due to chest distress, dyspnea for 1.5 hours, and loss of consciousness for one minute. Before admission, the patient had been advised rest for two months because of left ankle sprain, leading to less activity. At admission, the patient was unconscious, with facial cyanosis, and his limbs were cold.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873559

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the cognition,attitude and awareness on the prevention and control of COVID-19 among recent international travellers back to China(hereinafter referred to as the inbound group)and local residents(domestic group),and to provide scientific evidence for further prevention and control of the epidemic. Methods Using a questionnaire website,a questionnaire entitled “Investigation and analysis of residents’ knowledge,attitude,and practice on COVID-19”was prepared,with the targeted population of the survey being international travelers back to China and local residents who had been quarantined at home for 14 days in Jinqiao Town. Cluster sampling was used to conduct the survey through WeChat. The two groups were then compared using chi-square test by using SPSS 23.0. Results Between the two groups,the awareness on the respiratory droplet transmission and inactivation effectiveness by alcohol,peracetic acid and ultraviolet ray on the SARS-CoV-2 were statistically different(P < 0.05). In the attitude towards prevention and control measures,there was significant difference between the two groups in selecting prevention and control plans for the whole population during the outbreak(P < 0.05). In the comparison of behavior,there was a statistical difference between the two groups(P < 0.05)whether to maintain a distance of more than 1 meter in social communication. Regarding the choice of quarantine methods(stay-at-home,intensive quarantine and no quarantine),the difference between two groups was statistically significant(P < 0.05). Conclusion In terms of the knowledge of COVID-19,attitude towards prevention and control measures,and their own behavior,there are some differences between the inbound group and domestic group.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child featuring short stature, saddle nose, cryptorchidism and mental retardation.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to G-banded karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).@*RESULTS@#The child was found to have a 46,Y,der(X)t(X;Y)(p22;q11)mat karyotype. CMA has revealed a 8.3 Mb deletion at Xp22.33p22.31 and a 43.3 Mb duplication at Yq11.221qter. His mother had a karyotype of 46,X,der(X)t(X;Y)(p22;q11). His father had a normal karyotype.@*CONCLUSION@#The child has carried an unbalanced translocation der(X)t(X;Y) (p22;q11) derived from his mother. His clinical phenotype has correlated with the size and position of X chromosome deletion. Compared with the females, abnormal phenotypes such as mental retardation and growth retardation of male carriers are more severe.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, X/genetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Male , Translocation, Genetic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mRNA level of cell proliferation-related genes Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 in placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs), umbilical cord mensenchymals (UC-MSCs) and dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs).@*METHODS@#The morphology of various passages of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs were observed by microscopy. Proliferation and promoting ability of the three cell lines were detected with the MTT method. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3.@*RESULTS@#The morphology of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs was different from that of PA-MSCs. Proliferation ability and promoting ability of the PA-MSCs was superior to that of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs. In PA-MSCs, expression level of Twist1 and TGF-β3 was the highest and FGF2 was the lowest. SIRT1 was highly expressed in UC-MSCs. With the cell subcultured, different expression levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3 was observed in PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Up-regulated expression of the Twist1, SIRT1 and TGF-β3 genes can promote proliferation of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs, whilst TGF-β3 may inhibit these. The regulatory effect of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 genes on PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs are different.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/cytology , Female , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/genetics , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Placenta/cytology , Pregnancy , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/genetics , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Umbilical Cord/cytology
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 100-105, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862605

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the development status and sensitive periods of Han and Mongolian students physical fitness development in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, to provide a basis for further research on the growth and development of young students and the selection of athletes.@*Methods@#In 2014, 15 370 Han and Mongolian students from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, ranging in age from 7 to 18 years old, participated in this study. Data on six physical fitness indices, namely grip strength, 50 meters, standing long jump, 800 meters or 1 000 meters, pull-ups/sit-ups in succession, and sit-and-reach were collected. Furthermore, using the average annual growth rate and the standard deviation of half annual growth rate, critical values and the ages at which sensitive periods occur were calculated to examine the differences in the development of various physical qualities between the two ethnic groups.@*Results@#The students showed different growth rates of various indicators at different ages. A sensitive period for strength occurred in Han and Mongolian boys aged 13-15 years old and 12-15 years old, respectively. Sensitive periods for speed occurred in Han and Mongolian boys aged 8-10, 13, and 15 years and 8, 10, and 13-15 years, respectively. Sensitive periods for endurance occurred in Mongolian girls aged 8, 14, and 18 years. Sensitive periods for flexibility occurred in Han girls aged 13 and 15 years old.@*Conclusion@#Han and Mongolian students experience sensitive periods for different physical qualities at different ages. Moreover, there are apparent ethnic and gender differences that are retained across age groups and several scattered age points that exist alone or interspersed with each other.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 300-303, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862431

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To discuss the effect of Yijing Buyang Huanwu Decoction combined with timolol maleate eye drop on the blood supply and intraocular pressure in patients with primary open angle glaucoma(POAG). <p>METHODS:The 120 patients with POAG in our hospital from February 2018 to February 2020 were selected, they were divided into decoction group(<i>n</i>=60)and eye drop group(<i>n</i>=60)according to the randomly table. The eye drop group was treated with timolol maleate eye drop, and the decoction group was treated with Yijing Buyang Huanwu Decoction on the basis of the eye drop group, the eye blood supply \〖end diastolic velocity(EDV), peak systolic velocity(PSA), resistance index(RI)of central retinal artery(CRA)and posterior ciliary artery(PCA)\〗, intraocular pressure, visual acuity, visual field \〖mean sensitivity(MS), mean deviation(MD)\〗, efficacy and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. <p>RESULTS: The EDV and PSA of the CRA and PCA and the visual acuity, MS in the Decoction group and eye drop group after treatment were significantly higher than those in the before treatment, the RI of the CRA and PCA and the intraocular pressure, MD in the Decoction group and eye drop group after treatment were significantly lower than those in the before treatment, the EDV and PSA of the CRA and PCA and the visual acuity, MS in the Decoction group after treatment were significantly higher than those in the eye drop group, the RI of the CRA and PCA and the intraocular pressure, MD in the Decoction group after treatment were significantly lower than those in the eye drop group(<i>P</i><0.05). The effective rate in the Decoction group was significantly higher than that in eye drop group(<i>P</i><0.05). There was no significant difference in adverse reactions between the Decoction group and eye drop group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Yijing Buyang Huanwu Decoction combined with timolol maleate eye drop can effectively improve the blood supply, intraocular pressure and visual acuity, visual field of patients with POAG, it can improve the efficacy, and it has the good safety, it's worth for further clinical promotion.

13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 440-444, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effectiveness of folate-coupled quantum dots (FA-QD) immunomagnetic beads method for detecting circulating tumor cells (CTC) in epithelial ovarian cancer and the association of CTC with clinicopathological features of tumor patients.Methods:A total of 67 ovarian cancer patients in Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital from August 2019 to January 2020 were selected. Ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells were divided into 5 cell number gradients (0, 100, 150, 200, 300), the detection rates of CTC were compared by using epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) immunomagnetic beads (single standard method) and FA-QD immunomagnetic beads method (double standard method). The number of CTC in peripheral blood of ovarian cancer patients was detected by using FA-QD immunomagnetic beads method, and those with positive CTC under fluorescence microscope were treated as CTC positive patients. The association of CTC with clinicopathological factors and tumor markers of tumor patients was analyzed.Results:The average capture efficiency rate of CTC in SKOV-3 cells detected by FA-QD immunomagnetic beads method (83.4%) was higher than that by EpCAM immunomagnetic beads method (70.3%). Among 67 patients of ovarian cancer, the proportion of CTC positive patients was 30.0% (3/10) in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 91.9% (34/37) in stage Ⅲ, 95.0% (19/20) in stage Ⅳ, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The proportion of CTC positive patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that of patients without lymph node metastasis [97.1% (33/34) vs. 69.7% (23/33)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The proportion of CTC positive patients with human epididymis protein 4 (HE4)>110 pmol/L was lower than that of patients with HE4 ≤ 110 pmol/L [58.8% (10/17) vs. 92.0% (46/50)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.005). There were no statistically significant differences in the proportion of CTC positive patients stratified by age, menopause, pathological differentiation, distant metastasis, carbohydrate antigen (CA) 125, CA199, carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:FA-QD immunomagnetic beads method can effectively detect CTC in peripheral blood of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. The level of CTC in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer is related to lymph node metastasis, clinical TNM stage and HE4 level.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912434

ABSTRACT

Objective:Evaluate the application of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in the identification of homology of carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli(CREC). Methods:A total of 26 carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli strains were isolated from 9 provinces in China in 2018. The 900-1 200 cm -1 was selected as a spectral region for the Euclidean distance calculating and average linkage clustering between all isolates.The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was analyzed by whole genome sequencing (WGS). Results:Twenty-six CREC strains were divided into 14 infrared spectros copy(IR) types by FTIR. The same IR type belonged to the same sequence type type.Compared with cluster analysis based on WGS, the consistency of FTIR cluster analysis was 92.3% (24/26).Conclusions:FTIR presented excellent performance in identification of homology of CREC.Besides, with the advantages of simple operation and rapid acquisition of results, FTIR may be a useful tool in clinical labs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of remimazolam combined with low-dose propofol for sedation during induction of anesthesia.Methods:A total of 228 patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 19-35 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ, undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, were divided into 2 groups ( n=114 each) by a random number table method: remimazolam combined with low-dose propofol group (group R) and propofol group (group P). Anesthesia was induced with intravenous injection of sufentanil 0.3 μg/kg, remimazolam 0.3 mg/kg, propofol 0.5 mg/kg and micuronium 0.2 mg/kg in group R, and sufentanil 0.3 μg/kg, propofol 2 mg/kg and micuronium 0.2 mg/kg in group P. Endotracheal intubation was performed when bispectral index value ≤ 50.Before induction (T 0), immediately before intubation (T 1), at 1 min (T 2) and 3 min (T 3) after intubation, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded.The anesthesia induction time and the incidence of hypotension and bradycardia were recorded in the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference in MAP and HR at T 0 between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with the value at T 0, MAP in two groups and HR were significantly decreased at T 1-3 in group P ( P<0.01). Compared with group P, the anesthesia induction time was significantly prolonged, and hypotension and bradycardia was decreased in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of remimazolam and low-dose propofol exerts better efficacy for sedation during induction of anesthesia than propofol alone.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of a Chinese medicinal composition ( Xiadanqi) on the prevention of radon exposure induced injuries of lung in vitro and in vivo. Methods:Mice were randomly divided into three groups of blank control group, radon-exposed group alone and radon-exposed group intervened with Chinese medicinal composition. The pathological changes of lung tissues in each group after 120 WLM were observed by HE and Masson staining, and the expressions of α-SMA protein and Vimentin protein in lung tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry staining. The levels of oxidative stress in lung tissue of each group were detected with SOD and MDA kits. At the same time, a radon exposed cell model and a radon exposure + Xiadanqi intervention cell model were constructed using an ecological radon chamber. The cell adhesion abilities of different groups were detected by an adhesion kit. The cell migration ability of each group was determined by the transwell migration experiment. The expression of E-cadherin and Vimentin protein was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with the radon exposure group, the concentration of MDA was decreased ( t=4.43, P<0.05), the activity of SOD was increased ( t=3.22, P<0.05), and α-SMA and Vimentin protein expressions were decreased ( t=3.08, 7.57, P<0.05) in lung tissue of mice intervened with 2 mg/g Xiadanqi. In vitro, compared with radon exposure group, the migration ability was reduced ( t=4.78, 13.01, P<0.05), the cell adhesion property was enhanced ( t=3.41, 12.55, P<0.05), the expression of E-cadherin protein was increased ( t=2.96, 19.57, P<0.05), and the expression of Vimentin protein was obviously reduced ( t=21.00, 33.32, P<0.05) in radon-exposed cells with the treatment of Chinese medicine (150 μg/ml and 200 μg/ml). Conclusions:The Chinese medicinal composition ( Xiadanqi) has a certain radioprotective effect on radon exposure induced injury by reducing oxidative stress, attenuating EMT and fibrosis, and thus it may be applied as a protective agent for radon induced injury.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor-related anemia in advanced and relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).Methods:Patients diagnosed with advanced or relapsed EOC and treated with PARP inhibitor at National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College between January 2015 to October 2020 were accrued. The data included PARP inhibitors, treatment details, and lab tests before treatment and during treatment were collected and the clinical characteristics of PARP inhibitor-related anemia were analyzed.Results:(1) A total of 98 patients with a median age of 56.5 years old (30-82 years old) were enrolled in this study. All patients were treated with PARP inhibitor (65 cases of olaparib, 17 cases of niraparib, and 16 cases of fluzoparib). The median treatment duration was 37.5 weeks (4-119 weeks). (2) The anemia rate was 40% (39/98), including 5% (5/98) of grade Ⅰ, 14% (14/98) of grade Ⅱ, 11% (11/98) of grade Ⅲ, and 9% (9/98) of grade Ⅳ. Fourteen patients with pre-treatment grade Ⅰ anemia had a higher rate of anemia events than the 80 patients without pre-treatment anemia, 7/14 vs 35% (28/80; χ2=4.281, P=0.039). (3) The median anemia occurrence time was 7.0 weeks (1-52 weeks), including 41% (16/39) of anemia cases occurred in 1-4 weeks, 26% (10/39) occurred in 5-8 weeks, 13% (5/39) occurred in 9-12 weeks, 3% (1/39) occurred in 13-16 weeks, 10% (4/39) occurred in 17-20 weeks, 8% (3/39) occurred ≥21 weeks. At the time of the lowest hemoglobulin tested, the median value of mean corpuscular volume (MCV) was 106 fl,which was higher than the up limit of normal range (100 fl), 74% (29/39) of anemia patients had an elevated MCV level; the median value of mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) was 36 pg, 54% (21/39) of anemia patients had an elevated MCH level; the median value of mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) was 320 g/L, 69% (27/39) of anemia patients had a higher MCHC level; 92% (36/39) of anemia patients had a normal level of serum iron; 79% (31/39) of anemia patients had a normal level of transferrin. 74% (29/39) of the anemia patients were macrocytic orthochromatic anemia. (4) Among the 39 patients with anemia, 20 patients (51%, 20/39) withhold the treatment of PARP inhibitor due to grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ anemia, including 10 patients (50%, 10/20) who resumed the PARP inhibitor treatment by suppling iron, folate, and vitamin B 12. The median stopping time of PARP inhibitor was 5.5 weeks (2-10 weeks), while the other 10 patients terminated the PARP inhibitor treatment for not recovering from severe anemia. Conclusions:One of the common adverse effects of PARP inhibitors is anemia, which mostly happened in the first 3 months of treatment. In the treatment of EOC, PARP inhibitor-related anemia mainly manifest as macrocytic orthochromatic anemia, and most patients with normal serum iron and transferrin.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909513

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating effect of resilience between perceived stress and insomnia in medical staff.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 163 medical staff. All subjects were assessed with the insomnia severity index (ISI), simplified Chinese version of Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC-10) and perceived stress scale (PSS-10). SPSS 20.0 software was used for common method biases test, descriptive statistics, difference analysis, correlation analysis, hierarchical regression analysis, and SPSS PROCESS V3.4 was used for Bootstrap mediating effect.Results:①The perceived stress (16.28±6.35) was positively correlated with insomnia (6.14±5.80)( r=0.404, P<0.01), and psychological resilience was negatively correlated with insomnia and perceived stress in medical staff ( r=-0.279, P<0.01, r=-0.399, P<0.01). ②Psychological resilience played a partial mediating role between perceived stress and insomnia in medical staff, with the mediating effect as 0.051, accounting of 13.82% of the total effect. Conclusion:Psychological resilience can reduce the negative effects of perceived stress on sleep and is a protective factor for insomnia in medical staff. Clinically, reducing perceived stress and improving psychological resilience can reduce insomnia in medical staff.

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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 689-693, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different levels of iodine intake on thyroid function in Wistar rats after pregnancy, and to provide experimental basis for scientific supplementation of iodine and thyroid function screening during pregnancy.Methods:One hundred and fifty female SPF Wistar rats weaned for 2 weeks were selected. Female Wistar rats were intervened with iodine nutrition by drinking deionized water containing potassium iodide (KI). According to the random number table, female Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups [severe iodine deficiency (SID) group, mild iodine deficiency (MID) group, control group (NI), mild iodine excess (MIE) group, and severe iodine excess (SIE) group, 30 rats per group]. The iodine doses of the five groups were 0.0, 1.5, 5.5, 70.0 and 350.0 μg/d, respectively. The animal model was established and intervened for 3 months to detect the 24 h urinary iodine content of rats, and compared with the NI group to determine the success of the model or not. After successful modeling, the tested female Wistar rats were mated with male Wistar rats (female : male=2-3 : 1). There were about 15 pregnant rats in each group, and continued to intervene the pregnant rats for 21 d with the same doses as the modeling conditions. The abdominal aortic blood of non-pregnant and pregnant rats was taken. After serum separation, 5 items [free thyroxine (FT 4), free triiodothyronine (FT 3), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb)] of serum thyroid function were detected in each group. Results:There was significant difference in urinary iodine content between the five groups (the medians urinary iodine were 3.540, 51.410, 286.801, 644.192 and 2 368.701, respectively, H = 94.791, P < 0.01). Rats with different iodine nutrition levels were successfully established. There were no significant differences in TSH level, TPOAb and double antibodies positive rates of non-pregnant rats among groups ( P > 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the levels of FT 4, FT 3 and the positive rate of TgAb among groups ( P < 0.05). The level of FT 4 in SID group was lower than that in NI group ( P < 0.05). The level of FT 3 in SID group was higher than that in NI group ( P < 0.05). The positive rate of TgAb in SIE group was higher than that in NI group ( P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in TSH, FT 4 and FT 3 levels of pregnant rats among groups ( P > 0.05). There were significant differences in the positive rates of TgAb, TPOAb and double antibodies among the groups ( P < 0.05). The positive rates of TgAb, TPOAb and double antibodies in MIE and SIE groups were higher than those in NI group ( P < 0.05). The positive rate of TPOAb in MIE group was higher than that in NI group ( P < 0.05), and the positive rates of double antibodies in MID and MIE groups were higher than that in NI group ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:Iodine deficiency can lead to the change of thyroid hormone level in non pregnant rats, while iodine excess can increase the positive rate of related antibodies in non pregnant and pregnant rats.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the suspected cases of pertussis, to explore the pathogen, and to analyze the clinical features of pertussis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of suspected pertussis cases who visited the Department of Infectious Diseases in the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2015 to May 2019.Results:(1) The PCR test for respiratory secretions of Bacillus pertussis was completed in 400 cases, with 198 cases positive (49.5%). (2) Among the 198 cases, 158 cases with pertussis were less than 1 year old (79.8%), 113 cases had a clear history of close contact with cough patients (57.1%), and 162 cases were not vaccinated or did not complete full diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis(DTP) vaccination (81.8%). The incidence of spasmodic cough was 73.7%(146/198 cases); the duration from onset to diagnosis was (17.2±12.3) d; the incidence of cyanosis after cough was 31.3%(62/198 cases), cough with vomiting 17.7% (35/198 cases), inspiratory croup 12.1%(24/198 cases); other concomitant symptoms included wheezing, runny nose, fever, diarrhea, etc.(3) All the patients were divided into the pertussis group (198 cases), other pathogen group (104 cases), and unknown pathogen group (98 cases). Comparison of the clinical symptoms of the three groups showed the highest incidence of cyanosis after cough in pertussis group ( χ2=15.334, P<0.001), and the highest incidence of wheezing, dyspnea, fever, pulmonary rales and stridor in other pathogen group ( χ2=79.208, 38.214, 16.709, 44.794, 42.480, all P<0.001). The percentages of white blood cells, lymphocytes and platelets in the pertussis group were higher than those in the other two groups ( F=15.812, 18.198, 10.819, all P<0.001). Conclusions:Suspected cases of pertussis are infected with various pathogens.Improving the pertussis nucleic acid detection and respiratory virus detection can help to make a clear diagnosis.Pertussis is more common in infants under 1 year of age and in those who have not completed vaccination.The most prominent clinical symptom is spasmodic cough, and the incidence of cyanosis after cough is higher than that of patients infected with other pathogens.

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