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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 30-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the changes of the condition of coal-burning-borne endemic arsenism, the use of improved stoves and the formation of health-related behaviors in Shaanxi Province, and evaluate the effect of prevention and control measures.Methods:From 2015 to 2020, according to the "Implementation Plan for Monitoring Coal-burning-borne Endemic Arsenism in Shaanxi Province", regular field surveys were carried out in 4 natural villages, 2 counties in Ankang City and Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province, to learn about the basic prevention and control situation in the monitoring village. Using the simple random sampling method, 10 families in each village were selected to investigate the use of stoves and the formation of health-related behaviors, and 5 of these families were selected to collect coal samples for arsenic content determination in accordance with the "Determination of Arsenic in Coal" (GB/T 3058-2008). According to the "Diagnosis of Endemic Arsenicosis" (WS/T 211-2015), the condition of the people exposed to high arsenic coal in the monitoring village was investigated. Urine samples of 30 adult patients (half males and half females) with arsenic poisoning were collected, the content of arsenic in urine was determined by the "Urine-Determination of Arsenic-Silver Diethyldithiocarbamate-Triethanolamine-Spectrophotometric Method" (WS/T 28-1996).Results:A total of 240 households were monitored in the past 6 years, and the quality conformance and correct utilization rates of improved stoves in the households monitored in the disease areas remained at 100.00% in 2018 - 2020. The utilization rate of clean energy increased from 75.00% (30/40) in 2015 to 100.00% (40/40) in 2018 - 2020 (χ 2trend = 25.5, P < 0.001). The 73.75% (177/240) of households using a variety of clean energy. From 2018 to 2020, the correct drying, storage and pre-processing washing rates of corn and pepper continued to reach 100.00% (40/40). The arsenic content of coal ( n = 120) in the disease areas was (118.09 ± 57.91) mg/kg, ranging from 16.70 to 280.94 mg/kg. The detection rate of arsenic poisoning decreased from 6.34% (231/3 646) in 2015 to 2.90% (109/3 754) in 2020 (χ 2trend = 121.8, P < 0.001), and no skin cancer or Bowen's disease was detected. The geometric mean of arsenic content in urine ( n = 720) was 0.038 1 mg/L, ranging from 0.000 5 to 0.312 9 mg/L. Conclusions:The condition of coal-burning-borne endemic arsenism areas in Shaanxi Province has reached the national elimination standard. The quality and correct utilization rate of improved stoves and the rate of using clean energy have increased. The healthy-related behaviors the people in the endemic areas have been basically formed. The prevention and control work has achieved good results.

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1376-1381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005570

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the cognitive status of "living will" and "hospice care" among geriatrics students with different identities, and to provide a basis for improving teaching in corresponding sections of geriatric medicine. Methods:An online questionnaire was used to collect data from 426 students participating in specific courses in geriatric medicine and compare their differences in understanding of different issues. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the understanding of the concept of "living will" among students with different identities (χ2=5.84, P=0.054). In terms of the concept of "hospice care" , geriatricians and general practitioners had a better understanding than that of medical undergraduates (χ2=37.932, P<0.001). Compared to geriatricians and medical undergraduates, general practitioners had a lower level of autonomy in deciding whether to use life support treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=28.737, P<0.001). There was a statistically significant difference between general practitioners and medical undergraduates in the understanding of "signing living will" (χ2=12.75, P=0.01). Conclusion: The promotion of "living will" and "hospice care" in humanities courses of medical undergraduate and continuing medical education needs to be strengthened, and the popularization and publicity among the general public should be enhanced to lay the groundwork for improving the quality of hospice care.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 223-230, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996829

ABSTRACT

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD), a chronic kidney disease with unique pathological structural and functional alterations in the kidney, is a common complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). The majority of researchers believe that the occurrence of this disease is associated with glucose metabolism disorders, oxidative stress, inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress, autophagy, and disorders of lipid metabolism and exosome release. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, which can maintain glomerular podocyte homeostasis and participate in autophagy, renal fibrosis, oxidative stress, lipid metabolism disorders, and inflammatory response in DKD, has been discovered to play a key role in DKD. Therefore, it has emerged as a novel target for the treatment of DKD. Studies have demonstrated that traditional Chinese medicine can prevent the renal damage in DKD by regulating the mTOR signaling pathway to delay the disease progression and improve the prognosis and the quality of life of the patients. This article summarizes the structure and role of the mTOR signaling pathway in DKD and briefs the research progress in the prevention and treatment of DKD via this signaling pathway by the active components, extracts, and compound prescriptions of Chinese medicines, aiming to present new ideas and approaches for the clinical treatment of DKD with traditional Chinese medicine.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 351-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the immunogenicity of a quadrivalent subunit vaccine combined with RFH01 adjuvant in a mouse model.Methods:Identification tests were performed on four monovalent influenza virus subunit vaccine stock solutions according to the methods described in Part 3 of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020 Edition. In the study of the quadrivalent subunit vaccine combined with RFH01 adjuvant, 460 female BALB/c mice (6-8 weeks old) were randomly divided into 46 groups including experimental groups, vaccine control group, negative control group and blank group with 10 mice in each group. In the study of the quadrivalent subunit vaccine in old and young mice, 80 female 10-month-old and 80 female 10-week-old BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 16 groups ( n=10) including monovalent influenza virus vaccine group, quadrivalent subunit vaccine group, quadrivalent subunit vaccine+ RFH01 adjuvant group, chicken embryo quadrivalent split vaccine control group and PBS group. All mice were immunized by intramuscular injection. At 21 d after the primary immunization, a booster immunization was conducted using the same strategy. Blood samples were collected at 21 d and 42 d after the primary immunization for serum separation. Haemagglutination inhibition (HI) test was performed to detect the antibody levels in mouse serum samples. Results:After the booster immunization, the positive conversion rates in all vaccine+ RFH01 adjuvant groups reached 100%, and the geometric mean titers (GMTs) of serum antibodies were significantly higher than those of the vaccine groups without RFH01 adjuvant. There were significant differences in serum antibody titers between the monovalent/quadrivalent subunit vaccine groups with and without RFH01 adjuvant. After the booster immunization, the titers of serum antibodies against H1N1, H3N2, B/Victoria and B/Yamagata in the 10-week-old mice were significantly higher than those in the 10-month-old mice.Conclusions:The monovalent and quadrivalent influenza virus vaccines in combination with RFH01 adjuvant could elicit higher antibody titers in young (6-10 weeks old) and old (10 months old) mice, showing good immunogenicity.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 217-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To purify H5N1 influenza virus concentrate prepared by MDCK cells with a new mixed-mode chromatography medium Capto Core700 and the traditional medium Sepharose 4FF, and to compare the separation and purification efficacy of the two media.Methods:Capto Core700 and Sepharose 4FF were used to purify inactivated H5N1 influenza virus concentrate. The morphology of virus particles in different samples was then observed under a transmission electron microscope. Single radial immunodiffusion (SRID), Folin-Phenol (Lowry) method, double-antibody sandwich ELISA and qPCR were used to detect hemagglutinin, total protein, host cell protein (HCP) and host cell DNA (HCD) before and after purification. The recovery rate of virus antigen and the removal rate of impurities were calculated. The immunogenicity of the viruses purified with different media was analyzed using animal experiments. Difference in the purification efficacy of the two chromatography media was analyzed by t-test. Results:H5N1 influenza viruses purified by Capto Core700 or Sepharose 4FF showed the typical influenza virus morphology under transmission electron microscope. There was no significant difference in the recovery rate of hemagglutinin between the two chromatography media ( P>0.05), but compared with Sepharose 4FF, Capto Core700 had a higher removal rate of impurities (total protein, HCP, HCD) and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Animal experiments showed that the viruses purified by the two chromatography media had good immunogenicity. Conclusions:Compared with Sepharose 4FF chromatography medium, Capto Core700 could more effectively remove process-related impurities such as HCP, HCD and total protein without affecting the recovery rate of viral antigen. This study provided reference for the development of purification technology in the production of H5N1 influenza virus vaccine in MDCK cells.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 137-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare a recombinant hemagglutinin trimer (HA-Tri) vaccine against influenza viruses and to study its immunogenicity in a mouse model.Methods:A stable CHO cell line that could express HA-Tri was constructed. Western blot, single radial immunodiffusion, protein particle size detection and N-glycosylation site analysis were performed for qualitative and quantitative analysis of the recombinant protein. According to the different treatment conditions such as dosage and adjuvant, BALB/c mice were divided into 11 groups and subjected to consistent immunization procedures. Serum neutralizing antibody titers were measured on 56 d after the first immunization to evaluate the immunogenicity of HA-Tri.Results:The constructed CHO cells could secret and express HA-Tri proteins. The HA-Tri proteins were biologically active and capable of forming precipitation rings in the single radial immunodiffusion. The particle size of HA-Tri was approximately 18.79 nm and 10 N-glycosylation sites were detected, including high mannose, complex glycoforms and heterozygous glycoforms. After prime-boost immunization, there was no statistically significant difference in the titers of neutralizing antibodies induced in mice by 3.75 μg of HA-Tri in combination with RFH01 adjuvant and 15 μg of monovalent vaccine stock solution ( P=0.431 2, U=36). Serum antibody titers in the HA-Tri+ RFH01 groups were higher than those in the corresponding HA-Tri groups without RFH01 adjuvant, and the highest titer was induced in the 15 μg HA-Tri+ RFH01 group, which was 1 280. Conclusions:The recombinant HA-Tri protein was successfully prepared. HA-Tri in combination with RFH01 adjuvant could induce humoral immune responses against influenza viruses in BALB/c mice, which would provide reference for the development of influenza virus recombinant subunit vaccines.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 221-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979468

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the common chronic kidney diseases (CKD) worldwide and a major cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), seriously threatening and affecting the life and health of the global population. Currently, the pathogenesis of DN is considered to be closely related to factors such as glucose metabolism disorders, abnormal lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, activation of inflammatory factors, autophagy, and cell apoptosis in the continuous high-glucose environment of the body. Renal fibrosis is an important pathological feature and ultimate pathological outcome of DN. Timely intervention in renal fibrosis is of significant clinical and practical importance for the prevention and treatment of DN. Due to the limitations of western medicine in treating DN, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) intervention in the process of renal fibrosis in DN has been widely used as a routine and potential treatment method due to its multi-component, multi-effect, and multi-target effects, effectively delaying the progression of the disease. It has been found that the Notch signaling pathway plays an important role in the development and maintenance of homeostasis in the body, and abnormal activation of the Notch signaling pathway is associated with DN. Activation of this signaling pathway plays a key role in the process of renal fibrosis. This article reviewed the regulatory mechanism of the Notch signaling pathway in renal fibrosis in DN, focusing on the relationship between targeting Notch signaling pathway by Chinese medicinal monomers and prescriptions and renal fibrosis in DN in order to provide a theoretical basis for the development of new drugs, basic research, and clinical application of TCM in the prevention and treatment of DN.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 580-585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985736

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the differences in molecular classification of endometrial carcinoma (EC) between various technical methods and to explore molecular classification schemes suitable for Chinese population. Methods: The study used a comprehensive scheme of next generation sequencing (NGS) and immunohistochemistry for molecular classification of 254 EC cases that were obtained at Department of Pathology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China from April 2021 to March 2022. According to the recommended threshold of Sanger sequencing which was approximate-20% variant allele fraction (VAF), NGS data were extracted to simulate the results of Sanger sequencing. Results: The 254 EC patients had a mean age of 51 years (range, 24 to 89 years). Combination of POLE (9-14 exons), TP53 total exons and microsatellite instability (MSI) detection was a better single scheme than NGS alone, while combination of MSI fragment analysis and conventional immunohistochemistry was the best solution and seemed best aligned with TCGA data and recent studies. POLE ultramuted type, mismatch repair defect type, TP53 mutant type and non-specific molecular characteristic type accounted for 11.4% (29/254), 31.5% (80/254), 22.4% (57/254) and 34.6% (88/254) of the cases, respectively. If Sanger sequencing was adopted for POLE and TP53 detection, the frequencies of these EC types were 9.1% (23/254), 31.5% (80/254), 12.9% (33/254) and 46.6% (118/254), respectively, with greatly increasing non-specific molecular characteristics cases. If POLE was detected by Sanger sequencing and others by immunohistochemistry, they were 9.1% (23/254), 42.2% (92/218), 13.8% (35/254) and 40.9% (105/254), respectively, with increasing the false positive rates of the mismatch repair defect group. Conclusions: Small and medium-sized NGS panels with MSI detection is a better solution than NGS alone. Sanger sequencing is currently available for POLE mutation detection, which is not sensitive enough for TP53 mutation detection, and seems equivalent to the efficiency of TP53 by immunohistochemistry. Further optimization of small and medium-sized NGS panels covering MSI detection and POLE and TP53 full exons may be the best choice for the future to meet national conditions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Immunohistochemistry , Microsatellite Instability , Mutation
9.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 526-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985673

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects and safety of dydrogesterone (DG) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on the treatment in patients with endometrial hyperplasia without atypia (EH). Methods: This was a single-center, open-label, prospective non-inferior randomized controlled phase Ⅲ trial. From February 2019 to November 2021, patients with EH admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were recruited. Enrolled patients were stratified according to the pathological types of simple hyperplasia (SH) or complex hyperplasia (CH), and were randomised to receive MPA or DG. Untill May 14, 2022, the median follow-up time after complete response (CR) was 9.3 months (1.1-17.2 months). The primary endpoint was the 6-month CR rate (6m-CR rate). The secondary endpoints included the 3-month CR rate (3m-CR rate), adverse events rate, recurrence rate, and pregnancy rate in one year after CR. Results: (1) A total of 292 patients with EH were enrolled in the study with the median age of 39 years (31-45 years). A total of 135 SH patients were randomly assigned to MPA group (n=67) and DG group (n=68), and 157 CH patients were randomly assigned to MPA group (n=79) and DG group (n=78). (2) Among 292 patients, 205 patients enrolled into the primary endpoint analysis, including 92 SH patients and 113 CH patients, with 100 patients in MPA group and 105 in DG group, respectively. The 6m-CR rate of MPA group and DG group were 90.0% (90/100) and 88.6% (93/105) respectively, and there were no statistical significance (χ2=0.11, P=0.741), with the rate difference (RD) was -1.4% (95%CI:-9.9%-7.0%). Stratified by the pathology types, the 6m-CR rate of SH patients was 93.5% (86/92), and MPA group and DG group were respectively 91.1% (41/45) and 95.7% (45/47); and the 6m-CR rate of CH patients was 85.8% (97/113), and MPA group and DG group were 89.1% (49/55) and 82.8% (48/58) respectively. The 6m-CR rates of the two treatments had no statistical significance either (all P>0.05). A total of 194 EH patients enrolled into the secondary endpoint analysis, including 88 SH patients and 106 CH patients, and 96 patients in MPA group and 98 in DG group, respectively. The 3m-CR rate of SH patients were 87.5% (77/88), while the 3m-CR rates of MPA group and DG group were 90.7% (39/43) and 84.4% (38/45), respectively; the 3m-CR rate of CH patients was 66.0% (70/106), and MPA group and DG group had the same 3m-CR rate of 66.0% (35/53). No statistical significance was found between the two treatments both in SH and CH patients (all P>0.05). (3) The incidence of adverse events between MPA group and DG group had no statistical significance (P>0.05). (4) A total of 93 SH patients achieved CR, and the cumulative recurrence rate in one year after CR were 5.9% and 0 in MPA group and DG group, respectively. While 112 CH patients achieved CR, and the cumulative recurrence rate in one year after CR were 8.8% and 6.5% in MPA group and DG group, respectively. There were no statistical significance between two treatment groups (all P>0.05). Among the 93 SH patients, 10 patients had family planning but no pregnancy happened during the follow-up period. Among the 112 CH patients, 21 were actively preparing for pregnancy, and the pregnancy rate and live-birth rate in one year after CR in MPA group were 7/9 and 2/7, while in DG group were respectively 4/12 and 2/4, and there were no statistical significance in pregnancy rate and live-birth rate between the two treatment groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with MPA, DG is of good efficacy and safety in treating EH. DG is a favorable alternative treatment for EH patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Medroxyprogesterone Acetate/adverse effects , Endometrial Hyperplasia/pathology , Dydrogesterone/adverse effects , Hyperplasia , Prospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 430-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985664

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the expression profile of circular RNA (circRNA) in placenta of pre-eclampsia (PE) pregnant women by high-throughput sequencing, and to construct the circRNA-microRNA (miRNA)-messenger RNA (mRNA) interaction network, so as to reveal the related pathways and regulatory mechanisms of PE. Methods: The clinical data and placentas of 42 women with PE (PE group) and 30 normal pregnant women (control group) who delivered in West China Second University Hospital from November 2019 to June 2021 were collected. (1) High-throughput sequencing was used to establish the differentially expressed circRNA profiles in placental tissues of 5 pairs of PE group and the control group. (2) Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression levels of 6 differentially expressed circRNAs in placental tissues of PE group and control group. (3) Bioinformatics analysis was used to predict the target miRNA and analyze the co-expressed mRNA to construct a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. The differentially expressed circRNAs were analyzed by Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathways. (4) Logistic regression analysis, Pearson correlation and Kendall's tau-b correlation analysis were used to test the correlation between the three differentially expressed circRNAs and the risk of PE and clinical characteristics. (5) circRNA_05393 was selected for subsequent functional study. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and overexpression plasmid were used to knock down or increase the expression level of circRNA_05393 in trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo cells, respectively. Transwell assay was used to detect the migration and invasion ability of the trophoblasts in vitro. Cell counting kit-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation ability of the trophoblasts. Results: (1) Seventy-two differentially expressed circRNAs were identified by high-throughput sequencing, of which 35 were up-regulated and 37 were down-regulated. (2) qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, circRNA_00673 (1.306±0.168 vs 2.059±0.242; t=2.356, P=0.021) and circRNA_07796 (1.275±0.232 vs 1.954±0.230; t=2.018, P=0.047) were significantly increased, while circRNA_05393 (1.846±0.377 vs 0.790±0.094; t=3.138, P=0.002) was significantly decreased. (3) The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network contained 3 circRNAs, 8 miRNAs and 53 mRNAs. GO functional annotation analysis showed that the biological process was mainly enriched in iron ion homeostasis, membrane depolarization during action potential and neuronal action potential. In terms of cellular components, they were mainly enriched in cytoskeleton and membrane components. In terms of molecular function, they were mainly enriched in the activity of voltage-gated sodium channel and basic amino acid transmembrane transporter. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that mRNAs in the interaction network were mainly enriched in complement and coagulation cascade, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, p53 signaling pathway and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) signaling pathway. (4) Logistic regression analysis showed that down-regulation of circRNA_05393 expression was a risk factor for PE (OR=0.044, 95%CI: 0.003-0.596; P=0.019). Correlation analysis showed that circRNA_05393 was significantly correlated with systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in PE pregnant women (both P<0.05). (5) Knock down or overexpression of circRNA_05393 significantly reduced or increased the migration and invasion abilities of HTR-8/SVneo cells (all P<0.05), but had no significant effect on the ability of tube formation and proliferation (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The construction of circRNA expression profile in placenta and the exploration of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network provide the possibility to reveal the regulatory mechanism of specific circRNA involved in PE. Inhibition of circRNA_05393 may induce the progression of PE by reducing the migration and invasion of trophoblasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , RNA/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Gene Expression Profiling
11.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 416-422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985662

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influencing factors of pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) with organ or system impairment in pregnant women, and to analyze and compare the differences of HDP subtypes in different regions of China. Methods: A total of 27 680 pregnant women with HDP with complete data from 161 hospitals in 24 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities were retrospectively collected from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. According to their clinical manifestations, they were divided into hypertension group [a total of 10 308 cases, including 8 250 cases of gestational hypertension (GH), 2 058 cases of chronic hypertension during pregnancy] and hypertension with organ or system impairment group [17 372 cases, including 14 590 cases of pre-eclampsia (PE), 137 cases of eclampsia, 2 645 cases of chronic hypertension with PE]. The subtype distribution of HDP in East China (6 136 cases), North China (4 821 cases), Central China (3 502 cases), South China (8 371 cases), Northeast China (1 456 cases), Southwest China (2 158 cases) and Northwest China (1 236 cases) were analyzed. By comparing the differences of HDP subtypes and related risk factors in different regions, regional analysis of the risk factors of HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment was conducted. Results: (1) The proportions of HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment in Northeast China (79.05%, 1 151/1 456), Central China (68.42%, 2 396/3 502) and Northwest China (69.34%, 857/1 236) were higher than the national average (62.76%, 17 372/27 680); the proportions in North China (59.18%, 2 853/4 821), East China (60.85%, 3 734/6 136) and South China (59.56%, 4 986/8 371) were lower than the national average, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (2) Univariate analysis showed that the proportions of primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination and PE history in the hypertension with organ or system impairment group were higher than those in the hypertension group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination and PE history were independent risk factors for HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment (all P<0.05). (3) Primipara: the rates of primipara in Northeast China, North China and Southwest China were higher than the national average level, while those in South China, Central China and Northwest China were lower than the national average level. Non-Han nationality: the rates of non-Han nationality in Northeast China, North China and Northwest China were higher than the national average, while those in East China, South China and Central China were lower than the national average. Non-urban household registration: the rates of non-urban household registration in Northeast China, North China, and Southwest China were lower than the national average, while those in East China, Central China were higher than the national average. Irregular prenatal examination: the rates of irregular prenatal examination in North China, South China and Southwest regions were lower than the national average level, while those in Northeast China, Central China and Northwest China were higher than the national average level. History of PE: the incidence rates of PE in Northeast China, North China, South China and Southwest China were lower than the national average level, while those in Central China and Northwest China were higher than the national average level. Conclusions: Primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination, and PE history are risk factors for HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment. Patients in Northeast, Central and Northwest China have more risk factors, and are more likely to be accompanied by organ or system function damage. It is important to strengthen the management of pregnant women and reduce the occurrence of HDP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Incidence
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 337-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982241

ABSTRACT

To change the traditional hospital medical supplies rough management mode, the hospitals build an information material management platform which combines suppliers and hospitals, information systems and smart devices, clinical needs and professional operations innovatively. Finally, a lean management system called SPD is formed under the guidance of supply chain integration and supported by supply chain management theory and information technology. It has realized the whole process of consumables circulation information traceability, intelligent service in the hospital, and refined management of consumption settlement. The application of SPD in hospitals effectively improves the informatization level and overall operation efficiency of medical consumables management which is an important part of hospital information construction.


Subject(s)
Hospital Administration , Hospitals , Allografts
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3535-3545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981485

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the quality consistency of Saposhnikoviae Radix based on carbohydrates, and explore the potential of carbohydrates as the internal quality control indicators of Saposhnikoviae Radix. The total polysaccharides were quantified by UV-Vis spectrophotometry and the molecular weight range of the polysaccharides was determined by high performance gel-permeation chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection(HPGPC-ELSD). The monosaccharides in polysaccharides and the free monosaccharides were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography-UV detection(HPLC-UV), and the oligosaccharides and fructose were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection(HPLC-ELSD). The carbohydrate-based quality of Saposhnikoviae Radix was compared among 45 batches of commercial samples and 13 batches of self-collected samples. The results showed that the molecular weight distribution, monosaccharide composition, oligosaccharide, and free monosaccharide composition were similar in the 58 batches of samples. The average content of total polysaccharides, oligosaccharides, and total free monosaccharides in commercial samples were 39.66, 148.79, and 68.62 mg·g~(-1), respectively. The content showed significant differences among batches, with the highest differences of 3.51, 1.75, and 2.58 times, respectively. The RSD of the relative ratios of monosaccharides in the polysaccharides in commercial samples reached 28%-45%. The average content of total polysaccharides, oligosaccharides, and total free monosaccharides in self-collected samples were 68.07, 145.76, and 42.04 mg·g~(-1), respectively, with the inter-region differences of 2.88, 1.88, and 1.07 times, respectively. The RSD of the relative ratios of monosaccharides in polysaccharides in self-collected samples ranged from 8.2% to 59%. The total polysaccharides and total free monosaccharides in self-collected samples were 1.72 times higher and 1.63 times lower, respectively, than those in commercial samples. The content of oligosaccharides was similar between self-collected samples and commercial samples. To sum up, carbohydrates are one of the material bases for the internal quality consistency of Saposhnikoviae Radix. The qualitative characteristics of polysaccharides and the quantitative characteristics of polysaccharides and oligosaccharides are related to the origin of medicinal materials. Moreover, the quantitative characteristics of polysaccharides and free monosaccharides may be related to the storage conditions. Carbohydrates are potential indicators for the quality control of Saposhnikoviae Radix and deserve attention.

14.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 783-785, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004163

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the difficulties and challenges in the implementation of the original blood distribution and collection regulations caused by the expansion of hospital area, the extension of blood transfer time, the changeability of blood transfer environment, and the strain of personnel due to the increase of workload, as well as to ensure the accuracy of the information throughout blood remote verification and distribution and the safety of clinical blood transfusion, , Shanghai experts related to clinical transfusion and blood management had made a systematic study on the applicable scope and management rules of remote verification of blood distribution and collection, and formulated this Expert Consensus combined with the development status of digital, intelligent and remote communication technologies, so as to provide corresponding guidance for clinical medical institutions in line with the changes in reality.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 93-103, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940591

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Wenyang Jieyu decoction (WYJY) on the hippocampal structure of depressed rats with kidney-yang deficiency. MethodThe 105 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, fluoxetine group (4.17 mg·kg-1), Xiaoyaosan group (1.88 g·kg-1), and low-, medium- and high-dose (1.25,2.50,5.00 g·kg-1) WYJY groups,15 in each group. The depression model was induced by subcutaneous injection of corticosterone in rats except for those in the normal group and the rats were orally administered once a day for 28 days. The depression-like behaviors of rats were observed by sucrose preference test, novelty-suppressed feeding test, forced swimming test, and open field test. The morphology of hippocampal neurons was observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the density of hippocampal neurons was detected by Nissl staining. The ultrastructure of hippocampal synapses was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The expression of synaptophysin (SYP), postsynaptic density-95 (PSD95), and apoptosis-related protein Caspase-3 in hippocampal neurons was observed by immunohistochemistry, and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and doublecortin (DCX) were used to observe the apoptosis and regeneration of hippocampal neurons. ResultWYJY could improve weight loss in depressed rats. As revealed by the behavioral tests, the model group showed depression-like behaviors, which were relieved in the WYJY groups and the positive drug groups. HE staining showed that the nuclei of hippocampal neurons in the model group were constricted, deeply stained, and sparsely arranged, while the neurons in the WYJY groups and the positive drug groups were significantly improved. Nissl staining demonstrated that the cell density of the model group was lower than that of the normal group (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the groups with drug intervention showed increased cell density (P<0.05) and compact arrangement. According to the results in TEM, compared with normal group, the model group showed shortened synaptic active zone (P<0.05), widened synaptic cleft (P<0.05), and thinned tight zone (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the groups with drug intervention showed shortened synaptic active zone (P<0.05), narrowed synaptic cleft (P<0.05), and thickened tight zone (P<0.05). As displayed by the results of immunocytochemistry and immunofluorescence, compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased protein expression of SYP, PSD95, BrdU, and DCX in the hippocampus (P<0.05) and increased protein expression of Caspase-3 (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed increased protein expression of SYP, PSD95, BrdU, and DCX in the hippocampus (P<0.05) and decreased protein expression of Caspase-3 (P<0.05). ConclusionWYJY can promote the regeneration of hippocampal neurons in rats and improve the depression of rats.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 275-282, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940579

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a public health problem worldwide with renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) serving as the important pathological feature and pathological outcome of various CKD. Therefore, anti-fibrosis therapy has important practical significance for delaying the progression of CKD and improving the prognosis of CKD patients. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is a conserved signaling pathway through evolution, which plays a vital role in organ formation, tissue homeostasis, and disease progression during embryonic development. A growing body of research has confirmed that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is one of the key signaling pathways in a variety of kidney diseases and its activation is closely related to RIF. RIF is aggravated by the specific regulation of the expression of downstream target genes, such as fibroblasts, zinc finger transcription factor 1 (Snail1), M2 macrophages, matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and renin-angiotensin system(RAS), and relieved by targeting the signaling pathways, such as Klotho, Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1), secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (Sfrp1), and indocyanine green-001. In addition,the pathological view of RIF in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) coincides with that in western medicine. Based on the etiology and pathogenesis of TCM in the combination of deficiency and excess, TCM regulates fibrosis-promoting mediators by tonifying deficiency, eliminating turbidity, removing the toxin, resolving stasis, and treating both symptoms and root causes in a multi-target, multi-layer, and multi-pathway manner to inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and play an important role in renal protection. Therefore, this study reviewed the regulatory mechanism of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in RIF and the protective effect of targeting this signaling pathway on renal function and discussed the potential role of TCM in delaying the progression of RIF, which is expected to provide new targets and strategies for the prevention and treatment of RIF.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 291-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935213

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical efficacy of fertility-preserving therapy in patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) and early endometrial carcinoma (EC). Methods: The general condition, pathological type, treatment plan, tumor outcomes and pregnancy outcomes of 110 patients with AEH and EC treated with fertility-preserving therapy in Peking University People's Hospital from December 2005 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier and Log rank tests were used for survival analysis. Results: The response rate of 110 cases of AEH (62 cases) and EC (48 cases) was 94.5% (104/110) after fertility-preserving therapy. There were 93 cases (84.5%) achieved complete response and 11 cases (10.0%) achieved partial response, and the recurrence rate was 29.0% (27/93). The complete response rates of AEH and EC were 90.3% (56/62) and 77.1% (37/48), respectively, without significant difference (P=0.057). The recurrence rates of EC were significantly higher than that of AEH (40.5% vs 21.4%; P=0.022). Forty-one patients with complete response had pregnancy intention, the pregnancy rate was 70.7% (29/41), and the live birth rate was 56.1% (23/41). The live birth rate of AEH was 68.2% (15/22) and that of EC was 42.1% (8/19), the difference was statistically significant (P=0.032). The pathological type was related with the recurrence (P=0.044). Conclusions: Patients with AEH and EC can obtain high complete response rate and pregnancy rate after fertility-preserving therapy. The recurrence rate of EC is higher than that of AEH, while the live birth rate of AEH is higher than that of EC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Endometrial Hyperplasia/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Fertility , Fertility Preservation , Retrospective Studies
18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1327-1346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954468

ABSTRACT

The standardization of pediatric Tuina is beneficial to pediatric Tuina practitioners in a norm practices. The paper collects the content from teaching textbooks, TCM ancient books and database literature, and tries to develop the technical specifications of pediatric Tuina by four rounds Delphi surveys and expert consensus. This specification covers the manipulation of pediatric Tuina, the position of acupoints, the effects of acupoints and the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric Tuina, including indications, contraindications, cautious use, operation steps and methods.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 430-433, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore rational surgical treatment for childhood nail matrix nevi.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data from 35 children with pathologically confirmed nail matrix nevi, who received surgical treatment in Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from September 2015 to March 2019. Different surgical approaches were adopted according to the site and width of lesions. For lesions with a width of ≤ 3 mm, the nail bed and nail matrix lesions were directly excised with 1-to-2-mm margins and sutured in 11 cases. For lesions with a width of > 3 mm, one of the following 3 surgical procedures was selected by the children′s parents: (1) shaving of nail bed and nail matrix lesions under a microscope at ×8 magnification (8 cases) ; (2) excision of lesions followed by full-thickness skin grafting on the periosteum of the phalanx (8 cases) ; (3) excision of lesions of the second to fifth fingers followed by transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area and full-thickness skin grafting (5 cases) , or excision of lesions of the thumb followed by abdominal-wall flap transfer (3 cases) . The patients were followed up for 12 months, and clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:During the follow-up, no recurrence occurred in the 11 cases receiving direct excision and suture, with good appearances and longitudinal linear scars on the nail. Among the 8 cases receiving shaving therapy under a microscope, 4 experienced relapse during the follow-up of 6 - 12 months, and the nail/toenail plates were rough and poor in lustrousness in the other 4 without recurrence. No recurrence was observed in the 8 cases receiving excision of the lesions and full-thickness skin grafting, of whom 1 experienced skin graft necrosis, and skin grafts survived with obvious pigmentation in the other 7 cases. Among cases receiving excision of the lesions combined with transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area or abdominal-wall flap transfer, no recurrence was observed, and all transferred flaps survived; good appearances, nearly normal color and gloss of nails were obtained in the cases after transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area, while the color and gloss of postoperative nails were markedly different from those of normal nails in the cases receiving abdominal-wall flap transfer.Conclusion:For nail matrix nevi with a width of ≤ 3 mm, direct excision and suture with 1-to-2-mm margins are recommended; for those with a width of > 3 mm, excision of lesions combined with full-thickness skin grafting, transfer of skin flaps from the thenar muscle area or abdominal-wall flap transfer is recommended; the shaving procedure under a microscope should be used with caution.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 203-205, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of orbital fat fascia flap in upper eyelid depression correction.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2020, 38 female patients (aged 25-55 years, average 37.5 years) with mild to moderate upper eyelid depression were treated with orbital fat fascia flap at plastic surgery department of Friendship Plastic Surgery Hospital affiliated to Nanjing Medical University. During the operation, the lateral part of the central orbital septal fat was transferred to the upper eyelid depression, and then the upper eyelid depression was corrected.Results:35 cases of upper eyelid depression were significantly improved postoperatively, 2 cases of double eyelid line became shallow after operation, and adjustment was performed again; 1 case had partial depression on one side and received autologous granular fat supplement transplantation. Postoperative effect was satisfied.Conclusions:The method of longitudinal separation and preservation of the capsule below the orbital septal for orbital septal fat transposition can better correct the upper eyelid depression while reducing fat absorption.

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