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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of high-risk factors between early-onset and late-onset pre-eclampsia, and to further understand high-risk factors of pre-eclampsia.Methods:Clinical data of pre-eclampsia pregnant women in 160 medical institutions in China in 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 8 031 cases of early-onset pre-eclampsia and 12 969 cases of late-onset pre-eclampsia. The proportion of high-risk factors, different body mass index (BMI) and age stratification between early-onset group and late-onset group were compared.Results:(1) Univariate analysis of high-risk factors: the proportions of high-risk factors in early-onset group and late-onset group were compared, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Among them, the proportions of primipara and multiple pregnancy in early-onset group were lower than those in late-onset group, while the proportions of pregnant women with advanced age, irregular antenatal examination, obesity, family history of hypertension, pre-eclampsia, diabetes, kidney diseases, immune system diseases and assisted reproductive technology were higher than those in late-onset group. (2) Hierarchical analysis of BMI: the proportion of pregnant women with BMI≥24 kg/m 2 in early-onset group [48.2% (2 828/5 872) vs 45.5% (4 177/9 181), respectively; P=0.001] and the proportion of pregnant women with BMI ≥28 kg/m 2 in early-onset group [19.5% (1 143/5 872) vs 18.0% (1 656/9 181), respectively; P=0.028] were significantly higher than those in late-onset group. (3) Age stratification analysis: the proportion of pregnant women aged 35-39 years in the early-onset group [21.8% (1 748/8 023) vs 17.5% (2 110/12 068), respectively; P<0.01], the proportion of pregnant women 40-44 years old [6.8% (544/8 023) vs 5.4% (648/12 068), respectively; P<0.01], and the proportion of pregnant women ≥45 years old [0.7% (58/8 023) vs 0.5% (57/12 068), respectively; P=0.021] were significantly higher than those in the late-onset group. (4) Multivariate analysis: advanced age (≥35 years old), multiple pregnancy, irregular antenatal examination or transfer from other hospitals, family history of hypertension (including paternal, maternal and parental lines), previous history of pre-eclampsia, kidney diseases, immune system diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome) and assisted reproductive technology pregnancy were the risk factors affecting the severity of pre-eclampsia (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Pregnant women with high risk factors such as age ≥35 years old, BMI ≥24 kg/m 2 before pregnancy, family history of hypertension, history of pre-eclampsia, chronic kidney diseases, immune diseases (mainly including systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome) and assisted reproductive technology are more likely to have early-onset pre-eclampsia.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 894-899, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909954

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of flow-through anterolateral thigh perforator flap with fascia lata for repairing dorsal wounds of the hand and foot with extensor tendon defects.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical date of 14 patients with hand and foot wounds associated with extensor tendon defects admitted to Ruihua Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to December 2019. There were 13 males and 1 female,aged 10-57 years[(39.2±13.4)years]. The wounds were all single with the area of 10 cm×4 cm to 23 cm×12 cm,including 8 wounds on the back of the hand and 6 wounds on the back of the foot. There was 1 patient accompanied with 1 tendon defect,10 with 4 tendon defects and 3 with 5 tendon defects,with the length of tendon defects ranging from 2.0 to 6.0 cm[(3.8±1.4)cm]. The dimension of flaps ranged from 12 cm×5 cm to 23 cm×13 cm,with the fascia lata from 11 cm×5 cm to 20 cm×7 cm. The deficient extensor tendons were repaired with the fascia lata and vascular pedicles were anastomosed by flow-though. A bilobed flap was harvested in 3 patients and a single flap in 11 patients. Donor sites were sutured directly. The survival of the flap and healing of the donor area were detected after operation. The extremity revascularization and shape and sensation recovery of the flap were measured at the last follow-up. The upper extremity functional evaluation standard set up by Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association and Maryland foot functional score were used to evaluate the hand and foot function before operation and at the cast follow-up,respectively. The donor site complications and performance of tendon release or flap thinning in the second stage were recorded.Results:All patients were followed up for 8-30 months[(15.3±6.2)months]. All flaps survived successfully,with wounds and thigh donor areas healed by first intension. No significant effect of revascularization was observed on recipient sites,and acceptable cosmetic outcomes and sensation recovery of the flap were achieved at the final follow-up. For patients with dorsal wounds of the hand,the extensor function recovered in different degrees,and the flexion activities of the fingers were not limited. The total active movement was 180°-250°[(226.3±21.7)°]at the last follow-up,compared to preoperative 110°-170°[(145.6±13.2)°]( P<0.01). According to the upper extremity functional evaluation standard,the function was excellent in 4 patients,good in 2 and fair in 2. For patients with wounds of the foot,the flexion and extension function was good,with no obvious deformity of toes,and the Maryland foot functional score ranged from 60 to 92 points[(76.0±12.7)points]at the last follow-up,significantly improved from preoperative 18-45 points[(27.4±7.8)points]( P<0.01),including excellent results in 2 patients,good in 3 and fair in 1. Only linear scars were left in the thigh donor area,and there was no discomfort such as scar contracture or pain. Four patients underwent skin flap thinning at 4-8 months after operation and none underwent a tenolysis. Conclusion:Repair of dorsal wounds with extensor tendon defects of the hand and foot by flow-through anterolateral thigh perforator flap with fascia lata can reduce interference to recipient sites and repair wounds and extensor tendons simultaneously,which can obtain good flexion and extension function and minor damage to the donor area.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 773-779, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of the anterolateral thigh myocutaneous flap combined with sequential fibular flap to repair complex tissue defects of the foot.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 6 patients with complex tissue defects of the foot admitted to Ruihua Hospital of Soochow University from March 2017 to March 2019. There were 5 males and 1 females,aged 33-54 years[(41.4±10.2)years]. The area of the skin and soft tissue defects of the foot was from 12 cm×7 cm to 19 cm×9 cm. First metatarsal defect occurred in 3 patients,4-5th metatarsal defects in 2,and 4-5th metatarsal combined with lateral cuneiform and cuboid defects in 1. The length of bone defects was 6-14 cm,and partial extensor tendon defects were found in all patients. The anterolateral thigh myocutaneous flap was used to cover the wound in the first stage,and the sequential fibula flap was used to repair the complex bone defects. The myocutaneous flap survival,wound healing,fibular bone flap healing and donor site recovery were detected. The appearance and sensory recovery of myocutaneous flap and related complications were observed at the last follow-up. The foot function was evaluated by the Maryland foot function score before operation,at postoperative 1 month,at postoperative 6 months and at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 9-33 months[(17.8±5.2)months]. All musculocutaneous flaps survived at postoperative 2 weeks. One patient sustained sinus tract formation due to partial necrosis of the residual metatarsal bone,which healed 3 weeks after re-debridement,while the wounds of other patients healed smoothly. The surgical incision healed two weeks after fibular flap surgery,with no signs of local infection. A small amount of callus formed between the transplanted fibula and the fractured end of the bone in the recipient area was observed 6 weeks after the fibular flap operation. Primary bone healing was found in all patients,with the fibular flap healing time of 12-18 weeks[(14.5±4.3)weeks]. The donor sites of the myocutaneous flap and fibular flap also showed primary healing with only linear scars left. Three patients had numbness in the lower and outer side of the donor sites of the thigh but were gradually recovered to the normal 6 months after the repair of the fibula. The joint function of the knee and ankle at the donor sites of the fibular flap recovered well. There showed slight swelling appearance of the flap,a protective feeling of the myocutaneous flap and sound healing of the bone flaps,at the last follow-up,with no complications such as resorption or osteomyelitis of the fibula flap. The Maryland foot function evaluation score was increased from(23.5±5.2)points preoperatively to(44.3±5.3)points at postoperative 1 month,(52.1±7.4)points at postoperative 6 months,and(84.5±11.1)points at the last follow-up( P<0.05),with statistically significant difference at each time point after operation( P<0.05). The foot function was excellent in 3 patients,good in 2,and fair in 1. Conclusion:For complex tissue defects of the foot,the anterolateral femoral myocutaneous flap and subsequent fibular flap can effectively repair the wound of the foot,reduce the occurrence of serious infection-related complications,ensure the healing of bone defects,restore the shape of the foot,reduce the occurrence of serious infection-related complications and promote the functional recovery of the affected limb.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 216-221, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of external fixators combined with anterolateral thigh musculocutaneous flap for treatment of Gustilo type IIIB/C open tibiofibular fractures.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze clinical data of 15 patients with Gustilo type IIIB/C open tibiofibular fractures admitted to Ruihua Hospital of Soochow University from March 2016 to June 2019. There were 11 males and 4 females, with the age of (48.5±12.6)years (range, 22-67 years). All patients underwent emergency debridement in stage I, the major blood vessels, nerves and tendons were inspected and repaired, and the fracture ends were fixed by external fixator. There were different degrees of wounds necrosis, infection and bone defect after operation. After debridement in stage II, the soft tissue defects with the dimension of 10.0 cm×5.0 cm to 30.0 cm×8.0 cm were repaired with anterolateral thigh musculocutaneous flaps whose areas ranged from 10.5 cm×5.5 cm to 30.5 cm×8.5 cm. All donor areas of the musculocutaneous flaps were sutured directly in stage I. The healing of the donor areas and musculocutaneous flaps were observed within 2 weeks after operation. At the last follow-up, the shape and sensory recovery of the flap, healing of fractures and related complications were observed. The lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) was used to evaluate the injured limb function.Results:All patients were followed-up for 12-32 months [(22.0±5.8)months]. All donor areas were healed by first intention, leaving only linear scars. The musculocutaneous flaps survived completely in all patients. Partial necrosis of large area of musculocutaneous flap occurred in 2 patients, and healed after debridement and skin grafting. Another patient had vascular crisis after musculocutaneous flap operation and survived after the embolized vein repaired by contralateral great saphenous. At the last follow-up, the shape of flap recovered well, and the feeling partially recovered with the two-point discrimination of 18-26 mm. All fractures healed well, and there were no serious infection-related complications such as osteomyelitis. The LEFS score was 47-69 points [(59.0±9.5)points].Conclusion:Theexternal fixator combined with anterolateral thigh musculocutaneous flaps for treatment of Gustilo type IIIB/Copen tibiofibular fractures can better restore the appearance of soft tissue defect of the lower leg, and can effectively reduce the occurrence of severe infection-related complications.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 902-905, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the arsenic content in internal and external environment of the people in drinking-water-borne endemic arsenic poisoning areas in Shaanxi Province, the status quo of the disease and the management and services of the existing patients, so as to provide a theoretical basis for evaluating the effect of prevention and control measures on drinking-water-borne endemic arsenic poisoning.Methods:From 2019 to 2020, in accordance with the requirements of the "Notice of Shaanxi Provincial Health Commission on Issuance of Monitoring Plans for Key Endemic Diseases such as Kashin-Beck Disease" and "Monitoring Plans for Drinking Water Arsenic Poisoning in Shaanxi Province", investigation was carried out in all villages of drinking-water-borne endemic arsenic poisoning in Mianxian County of Hanzhong City, Shanyang County and Zhen'an County of Shangluo City to understand the operation of water improvement project. One terminal water sample was collected to determine the content of arsenic in water, and permanent population of the whole village who are and/or had been exposed to excessive arsenic water in the past were examined for arsenic poisoning and the disease condition was determined according to the standard of "Diagnosis of Endemic Arsenicosis" (WS/T 211-2015). Five villages were randomly selected, and 50 people were selected from each village. Real-time urine sample was collected to determine the content of urinary arsenic. At the same time, management and services of the existing arsenic poisoning patients was investigated.Results:A total of 13 villages were investigated, all of which had been improved in water quality, and all 13 water improvement projects were operating normally, with arsenic content < 0.01 mg/L. A total of 12 577 people were examined, and 417 cases of arsenic poisoning were detected, with a detection rate of 3.32%. No new arsenic poisoning case and arsenic-related skin cancer case had been detected. A total of 260 urine samples were detected, and the geometric mean value of urinary arsenic (< 0.001 mg/L) was lower than the safety guideline value of human urinary arsenic (0.032 mg/L). The existing arsenic poisoning patients (417 cases) were included in health management and contracted services.Conclusions:Shaanxi Province has reached the elimination standard of drinking-water-borne endemic arsenic poisoning. In the future, more attention should be paid to the management of water improvement project, as well as to strengthen health promotion and management services for existing patients to consolidate the effects of prevention and control.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 871-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen differential metabolites and metabolic pathways in urine of adult patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), so as to provide scientific basis for finding specific biomarkers and pathogenesis of KBD.Methods:In Yongshou County, the KBD area in Shaanxi Province, adult KBD patients were selected as the case group, and healthy people without clinical symptoms of KBD were selected as the control group in the same disease area. The subjects' fasting mid-morning urine was collected, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) technology was used to detect small-molecule metabolites in the urine. Multivariate statistical analysis [partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)] and comparison with KEGG and human metabonomics database (HMDB) were used to identify and screen differential metabolites and metabolic pathways in KBD patients.Results:A total of 58 subjects were included, 39 cases in the case group, including 23 males and 16 females; the age was (61.2 ± 7.8) years old; the body mass index was (22.7 ± 6.5) kg/m 2. There were 19 cases in the control group, including 10 males and 9 females; the age was (50.0 ± 9.0) years old; the body mass index was (24.3 ± 5.5) kg/m 2. Three first-order differential metabolites (HT-2 toxin, T-2 tetraol and seleno-adenosine selenomethionine) were identified and screened, which were highly related to the pathogenesis of KBD, and all were down-regulated. There were 38 second-order differential metabolites, among them, 10 were up-regulated and 28 were down-regulated. Nine differential metabolic pathways were screened, mainly involving amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism and energy metabolism. Conclusions:The urine metabolism profiles of adult KBD patients and healthy people are significantly different, mainly involving amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism and energy metabolism. The first-order differential metabolites HT-2 toxin, T-2 tetraol and seleno-adenosine selenomethionine are highly correlated with the pathogenesis of KBD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Qiaohetang and Xiehuangsan in the treatment of acne due to dampness-heat accumulation and its influence on the levels of inflammatory factors and sex hormones. Method:One hundred and sixty-eight eligible patients were divided into an observation group (84 cases) and a control group (84 cases) according to the random number table. Adapalene gel was applied externally in both groups, one time per day. In the control group, Jinhua Xiaocuo pills was taken orally, 4 g per time, three times a day. In the observation group, the modified Qiaohetang and Xiehuangsan was provided for oral administration, one bag per day. The treatment lasted for eight weeks. The Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) score, skin lesion count, dampness-heat accumulation syndrome score, and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score were recorded before and after treatment, followed by the detection of interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-10, IL-17, interferon-<italic>γ</italic> (IFN-<italic>γ</italic>), free testosterone (FT), estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) before and after treatment as well as the safety evaluation. Result:The GAGS, dampness-heat accumulation syndrome, and DLQI scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The counts of inflammatory skin lesions (papule and pustule), non-inflammatory skin lesions, and total skin lesions in the observation group declined in contrast to those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The IL-8, IL-17, IFN-<italic>γ</italic> and FT levels of the observation group were decreased as compared with those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while the IL-10, E<sub>2</sub>, and SHBG levels were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The overall response rate in clinical symptom alleviation of the observation group was 93.67%(74/79), which was higher than 81.82%(63/77) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.121, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The overall response rate in dampness-heat accumulation syndrome relief of the observation group was 92.41% (73/79), still higher than 79.22% (61/77) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.595, <italic>P</italic><0.05). No adverse reactions occurred after the oral administration of Chinese medicinal preparations. Conclusion:The modified Qiaohetang and Xiehuangsan combined with adapalene gel can reduce the skin lesion count and severity, relieve both clinical symptoms and dampness-heat accumulation syndrome, regulate the inflammatory response and sex hormones, and improve the quality of life of patients with acne of dampness-heat accumulation syndrome without inducing side effects.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 241-246, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB)/amide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 1(NOX1) signaling pathway in tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) induced apoptosis of A549 cells. METHODS: i) A549 cells were stimulated with TNF-α at the concentrations of 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, and 1.00 nmol/L. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cell viability to screen the optimal stimulating concentration of TNF-α. ii) A549 cells at logarithmic growth stage were randomly divided into four groups, the control group, the TNF-α group, the BAY11-7082(NF-κB inhibitor) group and the TNF-α+BAY11-7082 group. The cells in the control group were not treated. The TNF-α and BAY11-7082 groups were stimulated with 0.50 nmol/L TNF-α and 5 μmol/L BAY11-7082, respectively. The TNF-α+BAY11-7082 group was stimulated by both TNF-α and BAY11-7082. After 24 hours of culture, the cell survival rate was detected by CCK-8 assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptotic rate, and Western blotting was used to detect the relative expression of NF-κB(p65) and NOX1 proteins. RESULTS: i) When A549 cells were stimulated with TNF-α at the concentration of 0.50 nmol/L, the cell proliferative activity was reduced and the cell apoptosis was promoted. This concentration was selected as the stimulation dose of TNF-α in subsequent experiments. ii) The survival rate of A549 cells in the TNF-α group decreased(P<0.05), the apoptotic rate and the protein expressions of NF-κB(p65) and NOX1 increased in TNF-α group(all P<0.05) compared with the control group. In BAY11-7082 group, the survival rate and the relative expression of NF-κB(p65) and NOX1 of A549 cells were decreased(all P<0.05), and the apoptotic rate of A549 cells was increased(P<0.05) compared with the control group. A549 cells in TNF-α+BAY11-7082 group changed from a long spindle shape to an irregular one. The cell survival rate increased(P<0.05), the apoptotic rate and the relative expression of NF-κB(p65) and NOX1 decreased(all P<0.05) compared with the TNF-α group. CONCLUSION: NF-κB/NOX1 signaling pathway is involved in A549 cells apoptosis induced by TNF-α.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922718

ABSTRACT

An epidemiological investigation was carried out on a local cluster of outbreak caused by imported cases of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in rural areas of Chengdu in December 2020, to find out the source of infection and the chain of transmission. According to


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemics , Humans , Quarantine , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 533-537, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review the relationship between CYP3A4*1G gene polymorphism and the analgesic effect of fentanyl-related drugs.Methods:The related literature about the effect of gene polymorphism on analgesic effect of fentanyl-related drugs published at home and abroad was searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang and China Biomedical Literature databases from database establishment to August 2019. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers screened the literature independently, extracted the data and evaluated the methodological quality. Data analysis was performed by Review Manager 5.1 software.Results:Six literature was enrolled with 1 050 cases, including 543 cases of wild-type homozygote (CC), 437 cases of heterozygote (CG) and 70 cases of mutant homozygote (GG). The results showed that there was no significant difference in pain score between the three groups in a pairwise comparison at 24 hours after operation (all P > 0.05), but the consumption of fentanyl-related drugs in GG group was lower than that in CC group and CG group, and the differences were statistically significant [GG group vs. CC group: standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.78, 95% CI -1.03- -0.52, P<0.01; GG group vs. CG group: SMD = -0.61, 95% CI -0.87- -0.35, P<0.01]. Conclusions:CYP3A4*1G gene polymorphism can affect the postoperative analgesia effect of fentanyl-related drugs. With the same analgesic effect, the consumption of fentanyl-related drugs in GG patients is reduced.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 793-797, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910920

ABSTRACT

Cognitive impairment increases the risk of falls and is an important risk factor for falls.At the same time, early gait disorders(a major risk factor for falls)can also predict the development of neurodegenerative diseases.Therefore, cognitive impairment and falls are not separate problems, but are highly correlated and may share common pathological mechanisms.This article explores the impact of cognitive impairment on fall risk in the elderly and its neurobiological mechanisms based on relevant nationally and international research, and provides a theoretical framework and recommendations for fall prevention and clinical intervention in the future.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 211-218, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the blood supply pattern and characteristics of bilobate anterolateral thigh flaps, and to summarize the clinical experience.Methods:Date of 102 cases of limb wounds repaired by bilateral anterolateral thigh perforator flaps from March 2014 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 80 males and 22 females with an average age of 40.7 years (range, 9-66 years). All of the patients suffered from limb trauma with complex tissue defects, among which 29 cases had two adjacent and discontinuous wound surfaces on the same limb, and the area ranged from 5 cm×5 cm to 30 cm×18 cm, while the other 73 cases remained a single wound with the area ranged from 12 cm×11 cm to 27 cm×15 cm. Ultrasonic Doppler was used to locate the perforating branches. According to different patterns of blood supply, flaps of different types were designed and applied respectively. For those who with perforating branches of common trunk type or fascial type, the wound surface can be covered by the flap directly; for those who with perforating branches of double trunks type or mixed type, the turbocharging technique was performed after dissection of the pedicles of the flap, while the wound was repaired by reconnection. All the donor sites were sutured directly.Results:Total of 105 bilobed flaps were designed in 102 patients, including 43 flaps of common trunk type, 30 flaps of double trunks type, 24 flaps of fascial type and 8 flaps of mixed type. The single harvested flap area ranged from 6 cm×5 cm to 20 cm×9 cm. One patient's one piece of the bilobed flap repairing two wounds suffered an arterial crisis at 17 h after surgery. The surgery confirmed there was an intractable arterial spasm and the crisis was relieved after a vein trans-plantation. Then about 4 cm×3 cm superficial necrosis appeared in the most distal part of the flap and healed in secondary after dressing changes. Two cases with single wounds suffered from a vein crisis at 48 h after operation. After removing the suture and blood letting, the flaps survived a week later. The average healing time was 19 days (range, 8-83 days). All the thigh donor sites healed by first stage. All the cases were followed-up for an average period of 16 month (range, 6-70 months). The latest follow-up showed that the flaps were of good color and texture, and the sensation of the flaps recovered partially. According to the British Medical Research Council sensory rating scale: 21 cases were grade S2 and 81 cases were grade S3. According to the revascularization assessments of digital replantation standard by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, the results were excellent in 91 cases, good in 11 cases, with excellent and good rate of 100%. Linear scars were left in most donor sites and the VAS scores were all zero. 5 cases had a large scar area which the width was more than 3 cm, but there was no scar contracture or pain. 9 cases had an abnormal sensation in the donor area in the early stage and recovered gradually 3 months later without any movement disorder.Conclusion:The use of the bilobed anterolateral femoral perforator flap with different blood supply patterns to repair the wounds of extremities could overcome the lack or deficiency of blood supply caused by perforators with different sources. To clarify the blood supply types is conducive to the flap cutting and leaf splitting during the operation, which greatly improves the survival rate of the flap.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882032

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the density, populations and habitats of malaria vector Anopheles in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the countermeasures to tackle the risk of local transmission of imported malaria in the province. Methods The malaria vector Anopheles density and populations were monitored using human bait trapping and light trapping techniques in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and all captured Anopheles was morphologically identified and counted. In addition, the distribution of Anopheles habitats was investigated. Results During the period from 2005 through 2019, the malaria vector Anopheles density increased from early June in Guizhou Province, peaked on early July and then declined, which appeared a single peak. The greatest Anopheles density was seen on early August, 2018 [57.34 mosquitoes/(person-night)], and the lowest density was found on late October, 2009 [1.29 mosquitoes/(person-night)]. The annual mean Anopheles density slowly reduced from 17.91 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2005 to 12.34 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2012, with a 38.02% reduction (χ2trend = 115.04, P < 0.01), while the annual mean Anopheles density showed a tendency towards a rise from 2017 to 2019 (χ2trend = 420.00, P < 0.01). The malaria vector Anopheles was captured during the period between 19 : 00 and 7 : 00 of the next day in Guizhou Province from 2017 to 2019, with the overall density appearing a tendency towards a rise followed by a decline, and the Anopheles activity was highly frequent during the period between 19 : 00 and 21 : 00. The malaria vector Anopheles was monitored for 938 times using the light trapping method in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and a total of 52 781 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured, including 49 705 An. sinensis, 804 An. minimus, 238 An. anthropophagus, and 2 034 other Anopheles mosquitoes, with a significant difference seen in the Anopheles composition (χ2 = 165.68, P < 0.01). From 2017 to 2019, a total of 24 557 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured in human housings, outdoors and livestock housings in Guizhou Province, with 67.65% captured in livestock housings and 12.01% in human housings, and there was a significant difference in the number of Anopheles mosquitoes captured from the three types of habitats (χ2 = 55.04, P < 0.01). An. sinensis, An. minimus and An. anthropophagus were captured form all three types of habitats, in which 98.07% was An. sinensis, and 0.09% was An. anthropophagus. Conclusions The population structure of malaria vector Anopheles has changed in historically malaria-endemic areas of Guizhou Province, and An. sinensis has replaced An. minimus and An. anthropophagus to become the predominant malaria vector. The malaria vector Anopheles density has shown a tendency towards a rise in Guizhou Province during the recent years, and there have been a rise in the type and number of Anopheles mosquitoes, leading to a potential risk of local transmission of imported malaria. Long-term, persistent and extensive surveillance of malaria vectors is recommended in Guizhou Province.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of receptor gene (P2X7, VDR and SLC19A1) polymorphisms with risk suffering from acute leukemia (AL) in Fujian area.@*METHODS@#Ninety-three cases of newly diagnosed AL as AL group and 90 persons not suffered from hematologic and other tumors as control group were selected and used for comparative analysis of receptor gene polymorphisms and risk suffering from AL between case and control groups. The bone marrow and peripheral blood were collected, from which the DNA was extracted. The PCR-RFLP was used to detect 8 SNP sites (P2X7: rs208294, rs2230911, rs3751143; VDR: rs2228570, rs7975232; SLC194A1: rs1051266, rs1131596, rs3788200) of receptor genes related with the environment response, and the genotypes analysis was used to the correlation of receptor gene polymorphisms with risk suffering from adult AL.@*RESULTS@#The unvariate logistic analysis showed that as compared with control group, P2X7 rs208294 T>C mutation and rs3751143 A>C mutation in codominant model, dominant model and over-dominant model were higher in case group, moreover the differences were statistically significant (PA mutation could increase the risk suffering from AL (PC mutation is one of protective factors against adult acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Purinergic P2X7
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 835-840, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876535

ABSTRACT

To find antibacterial candidate compounds, eighteen novel sulfonamide derivatives containing a fused-ring were designed and synthesized on the basis of previous studies, with structures confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and MS. Antibacterial activities of the products were evaluated by the agar dilution method. The results show that these derivatives have different degrees of inhibitory activity on the tested bacteria, with the compounds IIi and IIr the most potent. The MIC of IIi for S. aureus, E. coli and MRSA was 8, 32 and 16 μg·mL-1, respectively, and the MIC of the IIr was 8, 64 and 32 μg·mL-1, respectively. The anti-MRSA activities of the two compounds is significant and is worthy of further structural optimization and study.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application of the principle of priority of mechanics in open blepharoplasty.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 96 patients with bilateral single eyelid. For patients with condylar epidermis, the modified Park method for epidermal epidermal correction was performed; for patients with mild ptosis, levator aponeurosis or levator aponeurosis was performed. Methods such as loosening adhesions, reducing tissues, reducing load, and increasing the strength of the meibomian plate through surgery can weaken the mechanical factors that affect the formation of double eyelid folds. Therefore, with less or even the use of suture force, the patient achieves a more ideal shape of the double eyelid folds when the eyes are opened.Results:The morphology of upper eyelids and skin sagging in all 96 patients were significantly improved. Among them, 2 cases had poor curvature of the double eyelid after operation, 1 had narrow double eyelid due to insufficient peeling, and 2 had bilateral asymmetry. The upper and lower eyelids of the other patients had natural morphology with open and closed eyes, scars of incisions were not obvious, and the results were satisfactory.Conclusions:During mild blepharoptosis correction combined with double eyelid surgery, The use of the principle of priority of mechanics to open the double blepharoplasty can reduce the incidence of complications such as shallowing and disappearing of double eyelid folds to a certain extent, and it is worth popularizing.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871286

ABSTRACT

Safe and effective vaccines are urgently needed to prevent and control the outbreak of COVID-19. 2019-nCoV belongs to the genus Betacoronavirus like severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Here we summarized the current progress and problems in the development of vaccines against SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV in order to provide reference for COVID-19 vaccine development.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 920-925, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of bilobate anterolateral thigh flaps with turbocharging technique in repairing limb wounds.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 29 patients with complex wounds of limbs admitted to Ruihua Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University from March 2014 to July 2019. There were 26 males and 3 females, aged 22-60 years [(41.9±11.1)years]. A total of 24 patients had single-wounds with the dimension of 12 cm×10 cm to 38 cm×27 cm, and 5 patients had two adjacent and discontinuous wounds with the area from 7 cm×4 cm to 13 cm×9 cm. The bilobate anterolateral thigh flaps with turbocharging technique were used. All the donor sites were directly sutured by primary closure. Routine treatment was given after operation. The origin artery of perforators, time of flap harvesting and operation time were recorded. The survival of the flap, healing of the donor area, long-term shape of the flap and donor area, sensory recovery and complications were observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 6-64 months [(19.0±12.7)months]. A total of 30 bilobed flaps were designed for the 29 patients. The time of flap harvesting ranged from 25 to 60 minutes [(46.6±20.2)minutes]. The operation time was 4-11 hours [(6.4±1.8)hours]. All flaps survived except one piece of a bilobed flap suffered from a vein crisis, which healed well after conservative treatment. These wounds' healing time ranged from 11 to 53 days [(18.5±9.9)days], and all the donor sites healed by first intention. Four patients underwent skin flap thinning operation 4 to 8 months later due to the bloated appearance of flaps. Acceptable cosmetic outcomes, soft and elastic skin, and sensation recovery were achieved at the final follow-up. All patients 'donor area left linear scars. One patient had large scar area, but there was no scar contracture and pain. Two patients had an abnormal sensation in the incision area in the early stage and recovered gradually 3 months later without any other serious complications.Conclusions:Repair of limb wounds with bilobed anterolateral thigh flaps with turbocharged technique can overcome the limitation that the bilobed flap can not be designed if the perforators do not share the same trunk and expand the application scope of the bilobed flaps. The design of bilobate flaps reduces the width of the donor site, which can effectively avoid the complications of the donor site.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of prolonged QRS duration of electrocardiogram for adverse cardiac events in elderly patients with hypertension and heart failure.Methods:From April 2015 to May 2018, 226 elderly patients with hypertension complicated with heart failure were selected in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.After admission, 18 leads ECG were examined immediately.According to the time limit of QRS wave, the patients were divided into 157 cases of QRS wave≤120 ms group and 69 cases of QRS wave>120 ms group.The related indicators of cardiac function, serum N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide precursor(NT-proBNP) and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 6 months after discharge were compared between the two groups.The time limit of QRS wave in patients with MACE and those without MACE was compared, and the predictive value of QRS wave time limit in patients with MACE was analyzed by ROC curve.Results:The LVEF[(37.49±4.03)%] of the patients with QRS wave duration>120 ms was significantly lower than that of the patients with QRS wave duration<120 ms [(44.37±4.92)%]( t=10.205, P<0.05). The LVEDD [(59.03±3.15)mm], LVMI[(147.38±16.28)g/m 2] and serum NT-proBNP [(1097.59±216.49)ng/L] in the patients with QRS wave duration>120 ms were significantly higher than those in the patients with QRS wave duration<120 ms [(56.39±3.97)mm, (138.96±15.36)g/m 2 and (825.36±185.36)ng/L] ( t=4.887, 3.726, 9.649, all P<0.05). The incidence of MACE in the patients with QRS duration>120 ms (53.62%) was significantly higher than that in the patients with QRS duration<120 ms (20.38%)(χ 2=24.973, P<0.05). The QRS wave duration was negatively correlated with LVEF( r=-0.316, P<0.05), and positively correlated with LVEDD, LVMI and serum NT-proBNP( r=0.362, 0.405, 0.378, P<0.05). The time limit of QRS wave in the patients with MACE[(137.64±21.05)ms] was significantly longer than that in the patients without MACE [(112.65±19.85)ms]( t=8.556, P<0.05). The predictive value of QRS wave duration of ROC curve for MACE was 0.852. Conclusion:QRS wave duration is closely related to cardiac function and serum NT-proBNP level in elderly patients with hypertension and heart failure, and prolonged QRS wave duration has good predictive value for adverse cardiac events, which can be used as a clinical monitoring index.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of three-dimensional arterial spin marker imaging(3D-ASL) for evaluating collateral circulation compensatory status in patients with cerebral infarction.Methods:A total of 24 patients with cerebral infarction who were treated at Wenzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Zhejiang University of Chinese Medicine from September 2017 to January 2019 were examined by 1.5-T high-field MR scanner.The changes of cerebral blood flow(CBF) between the infarcted area and the contralateral normal area were compared when the labeled delay time(PLD)=1.5s and PLD=2.5s, and the patients were divided into the group with strong collateral circulation compensation and the group with weak collateral circulation compensation according to the difference in lesion area measured by 3D-ASL(PLD=1.5s and 2.5s). The changes of national institutes of health stroke scale(NIHSS) score and Bathel index at admission and 15 days after admission were compared.Results:3D-ASL measurement of PLD=1.5s showed that the CBF value in the infarcted area was (33.70±20.83)mL/(100g×min), which was significantly lower than that in the contralateral normal area(PLD=1.5s)[(49.93±13.13)mL/(100g×min)]( t=3.229, P<0.05). When PLD=2.5s, ASL measurement results showed that the CBF value in the infarcted area increased significantly[(58.26±23.50)mL/(100g×min) vs.(33.70±20.83)mL/(100g×min)]( t=3.831, P<0.05), and the CBF value in the contralateral normal area also increased significantly[(68.29±14.03)mL/(100g×min) vs.(49.93±13.13)mL/(100g×min)]( t=4.681, P<0.05). At this time, the CBF value in the infarcted area was still significantly lower than that in the contralateral normal area[(58.26±23.50)mL/(100g×min) vs.(68.29±14.03)mL/(100g×min)]( t=1.795, P<0.05). On the day of admission, the BI index of patients in the weak collateral circulation compensation group(12 cases) was significantly higher than that in the strong collateral circulation compensation group(12 cases)[(90.42±10.50) vs.(67.92±27.57)]( t=2.642, P<0.05), and the NIHSS score was significantly lower than that in the strong collateral circulation compensation group[(1.25±1.01) vs.(3.83±3.62)]( t=2.378, P<0.05). After 15 d of admission, there were no significant differences in BI index and NIHSS score between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusion:3D-ASL with different delay time can effectively and intuitively reflect collateral circulation compensation of patients with cerebral infarction, and it has very important reference value for the evaluation of patients' disease and the formulation of clinical treatment plan.

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