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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 669-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on cardiac function, sympathetic nerve activity, indexes of myocardial injury and GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus in rats with myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI), and to explore the neuroregulatory mechanism of EA pretreatment in improving MIRI.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA group, an agonist group and an agonist+EA group, 12 rats in each group. The MIRI model was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. EA was applied at bilateral "Shenmen" (HT 7) and "Tongli" (HT 5) in the EA group and the agonist+EA group, with continuous wave, in frequency of 2 Hz and intensity of 1 mA, 30 min each time, once a day for 7 consecutive days. After intervention, the MIRI model was established. In the agonist group, the muscone (agonist of GABAA receptor, 1 g/L) was injected in fastigial nucleus for 7 consecutive days before modeling, 150 μL each time, once a day. In the agonist+EA group, the muscone was injected in fastigial nucleus 30 min before EA intervention. The data of electrocardiogram was collected by PowerLab standard Ⅱ lead, and ST segment displacement and heart rate variability (HRV) were analyzed; the serum levels of norepinephrine (NE), creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) were detected by ELISA; the myocardial infarction area was measured by TTC staining; the morphology of myocardial tissue was observed by HE staining; the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were detected by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham operation group, in the model group, ST segment displacement and ratio of low frequency to high frequency (LF/HF) of HRV were increased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed enhanced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were increased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was increased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber was broken and interstitial edema was serious, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the EA group, ST segment displacement and LF/HF ratio were decreased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed reduced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were decreased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was decreased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber breakage and interstitial edema were lightened, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the EA group, in the agonist group and the agonist+EA group, ST segment displacement and LF/HF ratio were increased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed enhanced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were increased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was increased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber breakage and interstitial edema were aggravated, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were increased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA pretreatment can improve the myocardial injury in MIRI rats, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of GABAA receptor expression in fastigial nucleus, thereby down-regulating the excitability of sympathetic nerve.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cerebellar Nuclei , Electroacupuncture , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/therapy , Receptors, GABA-A/genetics , RNA, Messenger
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 525-530, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning at heart meridian acupoints on the contents of dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) and cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) in the rats with acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), and explore the role and mechanism of LHA and FN in the effect of EA at heart meridian acupoints against acute MIRI.@*METHODS@#Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, an EA heart meridian group and an EA lung meridian group, 12 rats in each group, as well as an LHA plus heart meridian group (damage of bilateral LHA) and an FN plus heart meridian group (damage of bilateral FN), 6 rats in each one. Three days after nucleus destruction, EA was applied to "Shenmen" (HT 7) and "Tongli" (HT 5) in the EA heart meridian group, the LHA plus heart meridian group and the FN plus heart meridian group and EA was applied to "Taiyuan" (LU 9) and "Lieque" (LU 7) in the EA lung meridian group, with 1 V in stimulating voltage and 2 Hz in frequency, lasting 20 minutes each time, once a day, for consecutively 7 days before model replication. Except in the sham-operation group, MIRI rat models were duplicated by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery in the rest groups. Using Power lab physiological recorder, ST segment displacement value was recorded before modeling, 30 min after ligation and 120 min after reperfusion separately. The high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection and analysis system was adopted to determine the contents of DA and 5-HT in LHA and FN dialysate after rat modeling in each group.@*RESULTS@#In comparison of ST segment displacement value 30 min after ligation and 120 min after reperfusion among groups, the value in the model group was higher than that in the sham-operation group (@*CONCLUSION@#EA preconditioning at heart meridian acupoints can effectively alleviate myocardial injury in acute MIRI rats, during which, DA and 5-HT in LHA and FN may be the important material basis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Cerebellar Nuclei , Dopamine , Electroacupuncture , Hypothalamic Area, Lateral , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 99-102, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877555

ABSTRACT

To explore the implementation path of the ideological and political education according to the characteristics of teaching sections in acupuncture-moxibustion courses. Excavating the traditional Chinese culture and medical ethics contained in acupuncture-moxibustion courses helps strengthening the ideological and political quality of medical students and noble medical ethics, strengthening self-confidence in both professions and culture, and also helps students establishing a correct outlook on life, world and value. The moral education integrated with the professional teaching will helps explore ideological and political education path in acupuncture-moxibustion courses, so as to solidify them into each teaching sections and improve the teaching effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Students
5.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 10-18, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885976

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on the protein expression of c-fos in fastigial nucleus (FN) and lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) in rats with acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), and to explore the role and mechanism of FN and LHA in EA at the Heart Meridian fighting against acute MIRI reaction. Methods: Seventy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA-Heart Meridian group and an EA-Lung Meridian group, with 14 rats in each group; an LHA lesion plus EA-Heart Meridian group (LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group) and a FN lesion plus EA-Heart Meridian group (FN+EA-Heart Meridian group), with 7 rats in each group. Except the sham operation group, the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery was ligated to establish acute MIRI rat models in the other 5 groups. In the three groups with EA-Heart Meridian treatment, Shenmen (HT 7) and Tongli (HT 5) were selected; Taiyuan (LU 9) and Lieque (LU 7) were selected in the EA-Lung Meridian group. All the EA groups received EA stimulation prior to modeling, with 1 mA in current intensity and 2 Hz in frequency, 20 min each time, once a day for a total of 7 d. The sham operation group and the model group did not receive EA stimulation. The electrocardiogram was observed in the rats to analyze the ST-segment deviation and cardiac arrhythmia score. The expression of c-fos protein in FN and LHA was detected by immunohistochemistry method. Results: Compared with the sham operation group, the ST-segment deviation, cardiac arrhythmia score and the expression of c-fos protein in the FN and LHA increased significantly in the model group (all P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the ST-segment deviation, cardiac arrhythmia score and the expression of c-fos protein in FN and LHA decreased significantly in the EA-Heart Meridian group (all P<0.05). Compared with the EA-Heart Meridian group, the ST-segment deviation and cardiac arrhythmia score increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group, LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group and FN+EA-Heart Meridian group (all P<0.05); the expression of c-fos in FN increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group and LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group (both P<0.05); the expression of c-fos in LHA increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group and FN+EA-Heart Meridian group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: FN and LHA are involved in the mechanism of EA at Heart Meridian to improve the acute MIRI reactions, and the cerebellum may participate in the improvement of cardiac function by EA through the cerebellum-hypothalamus projection.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1211-1216, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin protein (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway in the foot-pad synovial tissue in rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion for treating RA.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a moxibustion group, a cigarette-moxibustion group and a medication group, 8 rats in each group. The RA model was established with subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in the left hind foot-pad under wind, cold and wet environment in the model group, the moxibustion group, the cigarette-moxibustion group and the medication group. The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion at "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 20 min; the rats in the cigarette-moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion of ordinary cigarette at "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 20 min; the rats in the medication group were treated with tripterygium glycosides suspension (0.8 mg/100 g) by gavage. All the intervention was given once a day for 15 days. The left hind foot-pad volume was measured before and after modeling and after 15-day intervention. After 15-day intervention, the serum levels of IL-17 and IL-23 were detected by ELISA method, and the expression levels of PI3K, Akt and mTOR in synovial tissue of left hind foot-pad were detected by Western blot method.@*RESULTS@#The volume of left hind foot-pad, the serum levels of IL-23 and IL-17 and the expression of PI3K, Akt and mTOR in synovial tissue of left hind foot-pad in the model group were higher than those in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion may play a therapeutic effect on RA by inhibiting the level of IL-23, IL-17 and the activity PI3K/Akt/mTOR, and regulating inflammatory response and autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Moxibustion , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Synovial Membrane , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1351-1354, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877537

ABSTRACT

The development process of acupuncture and moxibustion diagnosis and treatment institutions since the founding of the People's Republic of China is summarized and analyzed. The main forms of acupuncture and moxibustion diagnosis and treatment institutions have shifted from the individual, joint clinic and outpatient department of acupuncture and moxibustion in the early years of the founding of the People's Republic of China to the present acupuncture and moxibustion departments in Chinese medicine hospitals and general hospitals.The construction and development of public and private acupuncture and moxibustion hospital and key specialty of acupuncture and moxibustion fully expand the clinical application of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy. In the future, the development of acupuncture and moxibustion diagnosis and treatment institutions should highlight its own features to satisfy the requirements of different levels of society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Hospitals , Moxibustion
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 108-113, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shenling Baizhusan on the protein and mRNA expression of inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase (IκK)/inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B(IκB)/nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) signaling pathway in the colon of rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation type, and to explore the mechanism of Shenling Baizhusan in the treatment of UC. Method:The 48 Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Shenling Baizhusan group (15.6 g·kg-1) and osalazine sodium group (0.68 g·kg-1), 12 rats in each group. The model of UC with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation was reproduced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol enema combined with environment and diet intervention.Serum levels of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of NF-κB p65, IκBα, IκKβ protein in colon tissue was measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical method, and the mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκBα and IκKβ in colon tissue of rats in each group was detected and compared by real time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with normal group,the levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-1β in the serum, the protein and mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκKβ in colon tissue of the model group was significantly higher than that of normal group (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression of IκBα was significantly lower than that of normal group (P<0.01). Compared with model group,the protein and mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκKβ in colon tissue of the Shenling Baizhusan group and osalazine sodium group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression of IκBα was significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusion:Shenling Baizhusan can obviously down regulate the protein and mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκKβ,up regulate the expression of IκBα in colon tissue of UC rats with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation. The inhibition of IκK/IκB/NF-κB signal pathway activation by Shenling Baizhusan is an important mechanism of its role in protecting intestinal mucosa.

9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 741-747, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects on hippocampal neuronal structure and hippocampal monoamine neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine (NE), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) with acupuncture for promoting the circulation of the governor vessel and regulating the mental state ( acupuncture) in rats with post-stroke depression and explore the underlying effect mechanism of acupuncture on post-stroke depression.@*METHODS@#A total of 48 clean-grade SD rats were randomized into a sham-operation group, a model group, a Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture group and a non-meridian-non-acupoint group, 12 rats in each one. In the model group, the Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture group and the non-meridian-non-acupoint group, the compound method of cerebral medial arterial occlusion and the chronic unpredictable mild stress was adopted to prepare the model of post-stroke depression. In the sham-operation group, skin was opened and the fascia muscle was separated, after artery exposed, no ligation was operated and the incision was sutured directly. In the sham-operation group and the model group, no any intervention was performed. In the Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Shuigou" (GV 26), "Shenting" (CV 24) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) for 40 min in each treatment and the needles were manipulated at the acupoints once in 20 min. The treatment was given once a day, 6 times a week for 4 weeks consecutively. In the non-meridian-non-acupoint group, the depression between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal bones on the dorsum of the forelimb was selected in intervention and the needling technique was same as the Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture group. The behavioral changes were observed after intervention in each group. Using transmission electron microscopy, the ultrastructure of hippocampal CA 1 neurons was observed in the rats of each group. Using high performance liquid chromatography, the contents of NE, 5-HT and DA were determined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the Zea-longa neurobehavioral score was increased (<0.01), the sucrose water consumption was reduced (<0.01), the number of times of horizontal movement and vertical movement in open-field test were reduced (both <0.01), the damage of the ultrastructure of hippocampal CA 1 neurons was aggravated and the contents of NE, 5-HT and DA were reduced in the model group (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Zea-Longa neurobehavioral score was reduced (<0.01), the sucrose water consumption was increased (<0.01), the number of times of horizontal movement and vertical movement in open-field test were increased (both <0.01), the damage of the ultrastructure of hippocampal CA 1 neurons was alleviated and the contents of NE, 5-HT and DA were increased in the Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture group (<0.01, <0.05). Compared with the non-meridian-non-acupoint group, the Zea-Longa neurobehavioral score was reduced (<0.01), the sucrose water consumption was increased (<0.01), the number of times of horizontal movement and vertical movement in open-field test were increased (both <0.01), the damage of the ultrastructure of hippocampal CA 1 neurons was alleviated and the contents of NE, 5-HT and DA were increased in the Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture group (<0.01, <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The acupuncture improves the behavior of the model rats with post-stroke depression, repairs hippocampal neuronal damage, which is probably related to the contents of hippocampal monoamine neurotransmitters (NE, 5-HT and DA).


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression , Hippocampus , Neurons , Neurotransmitter Agents , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stroke
10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 26-33, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346220

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a novel method for studying the changes of brain networks due to acupuncture treatment. In recent years, more and more studies have focused on the brain functional connectivity network of acupuncture stimulation.</p><p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To offer an overview of the different influences of acupuncture on the brain functional connectivity network from studies using resting-state fMRI.</p><p><b>SEARCH STRATEGY</b>The authors performed a systematic search according to PRISMA guidelines. The database PubMed was searched from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2016 with restriction to human studies in English language.</p><p><b>INCLUSION CRITERIA</b>Electronic searches were conducted in PubMed using the keywords "acupuncture" and "neuroimaging" or "resting-state fMRI" or "functional connectivity".</p><p><b>DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS</b>Selection of included articles, data extraction and methodological quality assessments were respectively conducted by two review authors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-four resting-state fMRI studies were included in this systematic review according to inclusion criteria. Thirteen studies applied manual acupuncture vs. sham, four studies applied electro-acupuncture vs. sham, two studies also compared transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation vs. sham, and nine applied sham acupoint as control. Nineteen studies with a total number of 574 healthy subjects selected to perform fMRI only considered healthy adult volunteers. The brain functional connectivity of the patients had varying degrees of change. Compared with sham acupuncture, verum acupuncture could increase default mode network and sensorimotor network connectivity with pain-, affective- and memory-related brain areas. It has significantly greater connectivity of genuine acupuncture between the periaqueductal gray, anterior cingulate cortex, left posterior cingulate cortex, right anterior insula, limbic/paralimbic and precuneus compared with sham acupuncture. Some research had also shown that acupuncture could adjust the limbic-paralimbic-neocortical network, brainstem, cerebellum, subcortical and hippocampus brain areas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It can be presumed that the functional connectivity network is closely related to the mechanism of acupuncture, and central integration plays a critical role in the acupuncture mechanism.</p>

11.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 406-413, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844433

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Shenmen" (HT 7) - "Tongli" (HT 5) segment of the Heart Meridian on neuronal electrical activities of hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in rats with myocardial ischemia (MI), so as to investigate its possible mechanism underlying improvement of MI. METHODS: Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into sham control, model, HT 7-HT 5 and "Taiyuan" (LU 9)- "Lieque" (LU 7) groups (n=8 in each group). EA preconditioning (2 Hz, 1 V, 20 min) was applied to bilateral HT 7-HT 5 and bilateral LU 9-LU 7, respectively, once everyday for 7 days. The electrical activities of the right PVN region were recorded by the implanted microelectrode array(2×4)and Plexon multi-channel acquisition system. Cluster analysis of neuronal signals was carried out by Offline Sorter software. The discharge waveforms, autocorrelation and cross-correlation of neuronal activities were analyzed by using Neuro Explorer software. RESULTS: Cluster analysis of neuronal signals showed that 2, 2, 1 and 1 interneuron in the sham, model, HT 7-HT 5, and LU 9-LU 7 groups, and 3 pyramidal neurons in the HT 7-HT 5 were acquired. Cross correlation analysis showed that the SPK 02 a and SPK 02 b neurons of the HT 7-HT 5 group had an inhibitory relationship. The total discharge frequency was significantly increased in the model group relevant to the sham group (P<0.01), and was markedly lower in the HT 7-HT 5 group than in the model group and LU 9-LU 7 group (P<0.01). Real-time spectrum analysis showed that the local field potential spectrum energy of the HT 7-HT 5 group was significantly lower than that of the model group and the LU 9-LU 7 group. CONCLUSION: EA of HT 7-HT 5 segment of the Heart Meridian can inhibit the electrical activity of interneuron and activate the electrical activity of pyramidal neuron in PVN region, and an inhibitory relationship exists between the interneuron and pyramidal neuron in MI rats, which may be a mechanism of EA in regulating activities of the ischemic heart.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 784-788, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253889

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy on post-stroke mild cognitive impairment (MCI) treated with acupuncture at Jing-well points on the differentiated meridians and temple-three-needle therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-three of stroke patients were randomized into an acupuncture group (37 cases) and a conventional treatment group (36 cases). Twenty healthy aged people in physical examination were collected as a control group. In the acupuncture group, on the basis of the conventional treatment of internal medication, the acupuncture at Jing-well points on the differentiated meridians and temple-three-needle therapy were applied. In the conventional treatment group, no any therapy was used except the conventional treatment of internal medication. In the control group, no any intervention was adopted. Neuroscan Nuamps electroencephalogram recording analysis system was used to determine the event-related potentials P300, and the amplitude and mini mental state examination (MMSE) score was observed before and after treatment in both groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, in the acupuncture group, P300 latent stage was shortened, and the amplitude and the score of MMSE were increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). In the conventional treatment group, above indices were not changed obviously as compared with that before treatment (all P > 0.05). Compared with the conventional treatment group, the differences in P300 latent stage, amplitude and MMSE score were remarkable in the acupuncture group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The acupuncture at Jing-well points on the differentiated meridians and temple-three-needle therapy improves the cognitive function of the patients with MCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction , Therapeutics , Event-Related Potentials, P300 , Meridians
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 817-823, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253877

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore action mechanism of electroacupuncture for coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CHD) in order to provide experimental support for clinical acupoint selection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among sixty clean-grade healthy male Wistar rats, twenty-four cases were randomly selected as a normal control group and an electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning group, 12 cases in each one. Then rats in the EA preconditioning group and the rest 36 rats were fed with high fat diet for 12 weeks to duplicate the CHD model. When the models were successfully established, the rats were randomly divided into a model control group, an EA group and a medication group, 12 cases in each one. EA was applied with Hwa-to SDZ-IV apparatus in the EA preconditioning group at "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Xinshu" (BL 15), 1 mA in current intensity, 2 Hz in frequency, 30 min per times, once every other day for 14 weeks. When model was established, the same acupoint and method was used in the EA group for 2 weeks while intragastric administration of atorvastatin mixed suspension, 0.25 mg/kg, once a day, was applied in the medication group for 2 weeks. The content of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in the serum was tested by double antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) while content of lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) in coronary arterial tissue was test by western blot method. Expression of LOX-1 mRNA was tested by fluorogenic quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After model was duplicated successfully, the content of oxLDL in the serum and the expression of LOX-1 and its mRNA in coronary arterial tissue in the model control group were increased significantly compared with those in the normal control group (all P < 0.01). Compared with the model control group, the content of oxLDL in the serum and the expression of LOX-1 and its mRNA in coronary arterial tissue in the EA preconditioning group, EA group and medication group were significantly reduced (all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The electroacupuncture at "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Xinshu" (BL 15) could effectively reduce the content of oxLDL in the serum and expression of LOX-1 and its mRAN in coronary arterial tissue in CHD rats. The oxidative modificatory low-density lipoprotein and its specific receptor system could be one of the ways to prevention and treatment of acupuncture for CHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Coronary Disease , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Disease Models, Animal , Electroacupuncture , Lipoproteins, LDL , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Scavenger Receptors, Class E , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 279-280, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271371

ABSTRACT

Wushier Bingfang (Prescriptions for Fifty-two Diseases), the unearthed Mawangdui silk manuscript from the Han Dynasty (206 B. C.-220 A. D. ) is studied in this article. It is held that the book preserved the earliest prescription of moxibustion. It recorded intensive indications of moxibustion, abundant materials as well as manipulations of moxibustioin. The value and achievements of the book is further revealed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , History , China , History, Ancient , Medicine in Literature , Moxibustion , History
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 433-437, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271319

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the central mechanism of moxibustion on analgesic effect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male Wistar rats were screened by pain threshold value before making model, and 48 rats whose pain threshold was (250 +/- 25) g were selected. Twelve male Wistar rats were randomly selected as a normal group. For the rest rats the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model was duplicated by raising in a windy, cold and wet environment combined with injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA), and then they were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group and a moxa volatile oil group, 12 rats in each group. The moxibustion and the moxa volatile oil igroup were treated with moxibustion and moxa volatile oil at "Shenshu"(BL 23) and "Zusanli"(ST 36), respectively, for 15 days. No interventions were added on the model group and the normal group. The pain threshold in Iinjured foot and the expression of hypothalamic POMC mRNA and PDYN mRNA in rats were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal group, the pain threshold and the expression of hypothalamic POMC mRNA and PDYN mRNA in the model group were increased (all P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the pain threshold and the expression of hypothalamic POMC mRNA and PDYN mRNA in the moxibustion group were increased significantly (all P < 0.01), but no statistically significance in the moxa volatile oil group (P > 0.05). Compared with the moxa volatile oil group, the above-mentioned observative indices in moxibustion group were all increased significantly (all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Moxibustion has obvious analgesic effect and its mechanism may be related to the increasing expression of hypothalamic POMC and PDYN mRNA through the warming effect of moxibustion.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Enkephalins , Genetics , Metabolism , Hypothalamus , Metabolism , Moxibustion , Pro-Opiomelanocortin , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Precursors , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 529-534, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271103

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the central modulation mechanism on the relative specificity of the Heart and Lung Meridians and to provide the experimental evidence for deeply study on correlation between meridian-viscera and brain.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten healthy students in Anhui College of TCM were chosen and a modified block design was adopted. After 32 time points of resting and 32 of rotation needling, then 48 of resting and 32 stimulating, and 16 resting time points, functional imagings were collected at last. All the process would last for 10 min 44 sec. Acupuncture work was finished by one acupuncturist with extensive experience by acupuncture at the left Shenmen (HT 7) or Taiyuan (LU 8) with the disposable sterile stainless steel needle, and uniform reinforcing-reducing method was used with frequency of 1 Hz and depth of 1.0 cm. After the experiment, the sensation of acupuncture and the other feeling or psychic process were inquired and recorded detailedly. These data were analyzed by AFNI software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Acupuncture at Taiyuan (LU 8) could excite the contralateral frontal lobe, apical lobe, cerebral ganglion, VI, VIII areas and inferior semilunar lobule of cerebellum, and restrain bilateral callosal gyrus and homolateral gyrus rectus. Acupuncture at Shenmen (HT 7) could excite the contralateral IV-VIII areas of cerebellum, and homolateral VI, VII areas of cerebellum, and restrain parts of homolateral apical lobe.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at Shenmen (HT 7) of the Heart Meridian and Taiyuan (LU 8) of the Lung Meridian can excite or restrain different brain areas, indicating that there are relatively specific corresponding brain areas for the Heart Meridian and Lung Meridian.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Heart , Lung , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meridians , Radiography
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 529-532, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254934

ABSTRACT

The importance of evidence-based medicine (EBM) in clinical acupuncture-moxibustion research is discussed in the paper. The application of EBM and problems in clinical acupuncture-moxibustion research are reviewed. It is put forward that thinking and assumptions of the combination of the evaluation of clinical effectiveness and EBM. The characteristics of acupuncture-moxibustion theory determine that the design of clinical research of acupuncture cannot completely apply the methods of EBM. Future efforts should be made to explore the integrated research design which is adhering to the guidelines of clinical practice of acupuncture. The features and advantages of traditional therapeutic practices should be preserved, and the advanced methods in EBM should be applied. It is great to improve the reliability and repeatability of clinical acupuncture-moxibustion research and to improve the standard and the evaluation system of clinical acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Biomedical Research , Evidence-Based Medicine , Moxibustion
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 273-275, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292855

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the differences between bone-length measurements on human head and to probe proportion relation of the position of head points.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred healthy adult volunteers, aged between 18-25 years, 50 males and 50 females, were randomly selected, and their height, body weight, the distances from Shenting (GV 24) to Toulinqi (GB 15), from Shenting to Touwei (ST 8), between bilateral Touwei (ST 8), between the two Mastoid, from Yintang (EX-HN 3) to front hairline, front hairline to Naohu (GV 17), Naohu to Fengfu (GV 16), Fengfu to the middle of rear hairline were measured respectively with standard measure instruments, and the proportion relation between bone-length measurement location and the point position were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant difference between the distance of bilateral Touwei and the distance of the two Wangu (P<0.05). The proportion relation of Shenting-Toulinqi, Shenting-Touwei, bilateral Touwei distances basically conformed to the bone-length measurement location, while in the proportion relation of the distances of Yintang-front hairline, front hairline-Naohu, Naohu-Fengfu, Fengfu-the middle of rear hairline and the bone-length measurement location there were some differences.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bilateral Touwei distance is not same as the bone-length measurements between two Mastoid, and Toulinqi can be located at the middle point of the connecting line of Shenting and Touwei. There is a certain deviation between marker location of Naohu, Fengfu and other points on body surface and the bone-length measurements.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Acupuncture Points , Bone and Bones , Head , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
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