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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effecty of Wiltse approach combined with contralateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional TLIF in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its affect on injury of multifidus muscle.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to September 2017, 90 patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with lumbar spine instability were divided into two groups (Wiltse approach group and traditional group) depend on the procedure of operation. Wiltse approach group was treated with Wiltse approach screw placement in one side combined with contralateral TLIF. There were 50 patients in Wiltse approach group, including 36 males and 14 females, aged 45 to 72 yearswith an average of (60.4± 3.1) years. The traditional group was treated with traditional TLIF operation. There were 40 patients in the traditional group, including 25 males and 15 females, aged 45 to 74 years with an average of (62.1±3.4) years. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, accuracy of screw implantation, postoperative drainage volume and drainage tube removal time were recorded in two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)were observed before and 12 months after operation. All patients underwent CT examination preoperative and 12 months postoperative, and the CT values of bilateral multifidus muscle were measured.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, 40 patients in traditional group were 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.3±4.3) months; and 50 patients in Wiltse approach group were 13 to 24 months with an average of (16.5± 4.1) months. There were no statistically significant differences in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional surgical procedures, the Wiltse approach nail placement combined with contralateral TLIF has the advantage of accurate nail placement, reducing multifidus muscle damage, and reducing the incidence of postoperative intractable low back pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of posterior osteotomy on spinopelvic parameters in lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis who underwent osteotomy from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 16 females, aged from 55 to 76 years with an average of (66.24±5.13) years. All patients had taken preoperative and postoperative full length spinal X-ray, analyzing the spinopelvic parameters as thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful, the average operative time was 190 min (160 to 220 min) and intraoperative blood loss was 1 000 ml (800 to 1900 ml). Parameters of the patients between preoperative and period 1-year follow-up were as follows : preoperative TK increased from (31.67±21.13) ° to (34.67±11.60) °, LL corrected from (4.76±3.17) ° to (37.41±6.28) °, PT reduced from (33.94±5.01) ° to (20.12±5.36) °, and SS improved from (18.47±2.60) ° to (31.71±4.30) °, SVA restored from (13.24±3.60) cm to (2.82±1.33) cm. There were significant differences of spinopelvic parameters between preoperation and postoperation (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior osteotomy can effectively reconstruct the sagittal balance of spinopelvis in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis. The recovery of lumbar lordosis and sacral slope is closely related to the reconstruction of sagittal balance.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The 3D model of lumbar spine was established by using Mimics software. To observe the applicability and needling parameters of lumbar vertebral kyphoplasty with unilateral puncture by backward rotation method using simulated puncture.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients (12 males and 12 females) with osteoporotic thoracic fracture in the first time and no signs of lumbar misalignment and bone destruction were scanned by spiral CT on the lumbar spine. The original DICOM file was modeled in 3D with Mimics software, and the vertebral bodies were separated. After being imported into 3-matic software, the posterior wall of the vertebral body was restrained for standardized measurement. A sketch perpendicular to the mid-section of the pedicle and the posterior wall of the vertebral body was drawn. The simulated puncture was performed on the sketch. The angle and distance parameters of the range of motion of the puncture needle were recorded, and the puncture needle was recorded at the top. The crossing points of the anterior, middle and posterior zones of the tangential line of the vertebral body were located at the high extraversion angle, and the results were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the data in the left and right sides had no significantly differences(>0.05). Data of different segments in different gender were significantly differences(<0.05). The maximal extraversion angle in lumbar spine increased gradually from (33.41±1.31) degree to (56.53±4.71) degree in males, as same as in females from(28.58±2.55) to (53.86±2.68) degree. There was no crossing point in area A, 3.3% of males and 26.67% of females in area B, rest in area C. The distribution areas on gender showed statistically significance (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Backward rotation method can theoretically meet the requirements of puncture point for vertebral compression fracture, especially for males and lower lumbar spine. The determination of the maximum inclination angle is of guiding significance to the backward rotation method.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Punctures , Rotation , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy via lateral position assisted with local anesthesia for lumbar disc herniation in elder with systemic diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 44 elder patients with lumbar disc herniation and systemic diseases treated from June 2013 to June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Including 26 males and 18 females, aged 70 to 86 years old with an average of(77.5±3.5) years, course of disease was 3 weeks to 6 months. Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy via lateral position assisted with local anesthesia was performed in the patients. Postoperative straight leg-raising degree change and Nakai criteria were used to evaluate the operative effect. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and JOA scoring system were used to compare the symptom improvement between preoperative and postoperative.@*RESULTS@#No serious complications occurred during and after the operation, and the coexisting medical diseases were not aggravated. All patients safely survived the perioperative period. All the 44 cases were followed up from 6 to 30 months with an average of 20 months. Postoperative straight leg raising angle was obviously improved. At final follow-up, according to Nakai standard, 41 cases got excellent results, 3 good. VAS scores were significantly decreased and JOA scores were significantly increased in final follow-up(<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy via lateral position assisted with local anesthesia is a safe, effective, less invasive technique for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation in elder with systemic diseases. Multidisciplinary collaboration and perioperative well controlled disease are essential for early rehabilitation of such patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anesthesia, Local , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772582

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy of unilateral and bilateral intervertebral space release in the treatment of lower lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 41 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis treated by surgery from October 2012 and May 2016 were retrospcetive analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups, 18 cases were enrolled in unilateral intervertebral release group, there were 7 males and 11 females, aged from 47 to 75 years old with an average of (59.3±6.4) years; according to Meyerding classification, 9 cases of I degree, 7 cases of II degree, 2 cases of III degree. And 23 cases were bilateral release group, there were 11 males and 12 females, aged from 51 to 76 years old with an average of (58.2±5.7) years; according to Meyerding classification, 11 cases of I degree, 10 cases of II degree, 2 cases of III degree. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, bone graft fusion rate of the patients were recorded in the patients. Pre- and post-operative back and leg pain were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) between two groups. The slip rate, slip angle, posterior height of intervertebral space, height of intervertebral foramen, distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen were measured on X-ray and CT. And the above radiographic data were analyzed by intra-group or inter-group.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up from 9 to 24 months with an average of 12 months. The entire 41 patient obtained bone fusion at 12 months after operation. There was no statistical significance in VAS at 12 months after operation, intraoperative blood loss and operation time between two groups(>0.05). There were statistical significance in sliding angle, posterior height of intervertebral space, height of intervertebral foramen, distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen of all patients before and after operation(0.05), but there was significant difference in bilateral release group. There was statistical significance in postoperative slip angle, posterior height of intervertebral space, distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen between two groups(=0.001, 0.045, 0.001). The height of intervertebral foramen increased and the slippage rate decreased in both groups after operation, but there was no significant difference between two groups(=0.248).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Unilateral and bilateral intervertebral space release for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis can obviously reduce the rate of spondylolisthesis, restore foraminal height and achieve better clinical efficacy. Bilateral release group can better restore the slip angle, increase posterior height of intervertebral space, reduce the distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen. Especially for grade II or above degree of slippage is more appropriate.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Transplantation , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259760

ABSTRACT

Transient osteoporosis of the hip(TOH) is classified as a type of bone marrow edema syndrome. TOH is lack of previous study and there is still controversy about his pathogenesis. In recent years, with the development of multi-discipline, such as imaging, pathology, molecular biology, the study has found that the pathological mechanism is complex, while its mechanism is still not clear, which need further research. This paper summarizes the research progress on the pathogenesis of TOH from neurogenic, osteonecrosis, abnormal vascular function, subchondral fracture, heredity and regional acceleration and son on.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259830

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the curative effect and the recessive loss of blooding of PFNA for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures of femur.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2012 to January 2015, a total of 49 patients with intertrochanteric fractures of femur were treated with proximal femoral anti-rotation nail including 41 males and 8 females with an average age of 79 years old ranging from 65 to 91 years old. According to the modified Evans type, 1 case was type I, 12 cases were type II, 36 cases were type III. All cases were fresh fractures. Patients had hip pain, movement limited, joint swelling, bruising, extorsion deformity, X-ray and CT examination showed completely fractures. All patients were treated by closed reduction and PFNA internal fixation. Three comminuted fractures using closed reduction were not satisfied, then were treated by limited PFNA fixation after open reduction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients' incision got the grade A healing, no complications such as infection and internal fixation failure happened. All patients were followed up from 6 to 36 months (means 22 months). The pain VAS score decreased from preoperative 7.70±1.97 to 1.00±0.26 at 6 months after operation(<0.01). Harris hip score improved from preoperative 8.70±4.19 to 91.70±5.31 at 6 months after operation(<0.01). The outcome at 6 months after operation was excellent in 34 cases, good in 7, poor in 1. The fracture healing time was from 8 to 16 weeks with an average of 12 weeks after operation. One patient with osteoporosis, crushing broken, poor compliance, associated with schizophrenia at the same time, appeared with the displacement of the femoral greater trochanter, with conservative treatment for healing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intertrochanteric fractures of femur are common in the elderly trauma, in pain relief, recovery of hip function, to provide quality of life for the patients, PFNA achieved satisfactory effect, but its existence is worth to pay close attention to the recessive loss of blood.</p>

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251591

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical effects and radiographic outcomes of mini-open trans-spatium intermuscular and percutaneous short-segment pedicle fixation in treating thoracolumbar mono-segmental vertebral fractures without neurological deficits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From August 2009 and August 2012, 95 patients with thoracolumbar mono-segmental vertebral fractures without neurological deficits were treated with short-segment pedicle fixation through mini-open trans-spatium intermuscular or percutaneous approach. There were 65 males and 30 females, aged from 16 to 60 years old with an average of 42 years. The mini-open trans-spatium intermuscular approach was used in 58 cases (group A) and the percutaneous approach was used in 37 cases (group B). Total incision length, operative time, intraoperative bleeding, fluoroscopy, hospitalization cost were compared between two groups. Visual analog scale (VAS) and radiographic outcomes were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of 19.6 months. No complications such as incision infection, internal fixation loosening and breakage were found. In group A, fluoroscopy time was short and hospitalization cost was lower than that of group B (P<0.05). But the total incision length in group B was smaller than that of group A (P<0.05). There was no significant differences in operative time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative VAS and radiographic outcomes between two groups (P>0.05). Postoperative VAS and radiographic outcomes were improved than that of preoperative (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mini-open trans-spatium intermuscular and percutaneous short-segment pedicle fixation have similar clinical effects and radiographic outcomes in treating thoracolumbar mono-segmental vertebral fractures without neurological deficits. However, in this study, the mini-open trans-spatium intermuscular approach has a short learning curve and more advantages in hospitalization cost and intraoperative radiation exposure times, and is recommendable.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Fluoroscopy , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Visual Analog Scale
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare statics characteristics between anterior transpedicular screws (ATPS) system and vertebral body screws (VBS) system in lower cervical spine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen fresh cervical specimens were collected and dissected into 32 different units (functional spinal unit, FSU), 8 units in C3,4, C4,5, C5,6 and C6,7 each. The subjects were randomly divided into group A and B. The anterior transpedicular screw-plate system and anterior vertebral body screw-plate system were implanted separately in group A and B. Then, the maximum axial pull out strength was tested and compared between two fixation system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Maximum pull out strength was (604.68 +/- 48.76) N in group A and (488.24 +/- 32.42) N in group B, and there was significant difference between two groups (t = 2.147, P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in all FSU between anterior transpedicular screws system and vertebral body screws system (F(A) = 2.27, F(B) = 2.05, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pull out strength of anterior transpedicular screws system is better than vertebral body screws system, and the anterior transpedicular screws has the biomechanical feasibility in clinic.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Humans , Internal Fixators
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301815

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and efficacy of asymmetrical osteotomy in treating elderly degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to June 2012,17 elder patients with degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis were treated with asymmetrical osteotomy,their data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 11 females with an average age of 61 years old (57 to 72). Total length spinal X-ray was performed for all patients before operation,and sagittal and coronal balance were analyzed. The follow-up time was 1 year at least. VAS score, thoracolumbar Cobb angle and pelvic parameters were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were operated successfully. The average operation time was 210 min (180 to 260) and intraoperative blood loss was 1,100 ml (750 to 2 200). At 1 year after operation, VAS score decreased from preoperative 7.0 +/- 1.5 to 1.1 +/- 0.6; lumbar lordosis (LL) corrected from (1.9 +/- 9.6) degrees to (35.2 +/- 6.7) degrees; thoracic kyphosis (TK) increased from (26.3 +/- 9.7) degrees to (32.5 +/- 11.2) degrees; lumbar scoliosis decreased from (25.1 +/- 11.0) degrees to (7.9 +/- 3.6) degrees; pelvic tilt (PT) restored from (33.0 +/- 10.1) degrees to (25.3 +/- 8.9) degrees; sacral slope (SS) increased from (13.9 +/- 9.7) degrees to (27.2 +/- 11.0) degrees; sagittal balance improved from (10.3 +/- 8.1) cm to (3.1 +/- 4.2) cm,and coronal balance improved from (3.5 +/- 2.1) cm to (1.3 +/- 1.1) cm. There was statistically significant difference above data between preoperation and postoperation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Asymmetrical osteotomy can not only correct scoliosis deformity, but also restore lumbar lordosis, and may safely and effectively solve the problem of elderly degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Kyphosis , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteotomy , Methods , Pain , Scoliosis , General Surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301810

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the applied feasibility of the anterior cervical pedicle screw-plate system in lower cervical spine,in order to provide basic data for clinical application.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total thirty-two units (functional spinal unit, FSU) were got randomly from 16 cervical speciments, 8 units in each group of C3,4, C4,5, C5,6 and C6,7. The anterior cervical pedicle screw-plate system was implanted to reconstruct the stability of FSU after discectomy and bone graft. The adaptability was measured between the screw-plate system and vertebral body. X-ray and CT were used to evaluate the accuracy of anterior cervical pedicle screws. The subject will be dissected to identify the situation of involvement if screw perforating the pedicle.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sixty-four anterior pedicle screws were inserted smoothly in the 32 units. The screw and the plate were harmonious locked in the system. The position and length of all screws were satisfactory through X-ray views. However,6 screws perforated the transpedicular (degree 1) according to CT axial views,2 internally cortex and 4 laterally cortex. None perforation was degree 2 or more. None cervical sac compression and nerve root injury was observed in two internal perforation cadavers. One vertebral vein involvement was found in the four lateral perforation screws. The vertebral artery was not pinched though one screw near to the artery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The anterior cervical pedicle screw-plate system is adapted to reconstruct in lower cervical spine and it deserved to be used for clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Equipment Design , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Materials Testing , Middle Aged
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of reduction on spino-pelvic balance in treating high-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Augest 2008 to Augest 2011, the data of 16 patients with high-grade lumbar spodylolisthesis (Meyerding grade III or more than grade III) underwent reduction treatment through posterior approach were retrospectively analyzed. There were 9 males and 7 females, aged from 24 to 65 years old with an average of 44 years. Preoperative, postoperative at 2 weeks and final follow-up, spino-pelvic parameters of all patients were measured and compared by total legth lateral X-rays, and spino-pelvic parameters included sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI), lumbar lordosis (LL) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA); the informations of intervertebral bone fusion was observed by CT and postoperative complications were recorded; clinical effects were assessed according to clinical Oswestry score (CODI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of 18 months. Four cases reduced anatomically, 8 cases reduced to grade I .4 cases reduced to grade II. There was statistically significant differences in sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), lumbar lordosis angle (LL) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA) between before operation and two weeks after operation (P < 0.05), while pelvic incidence (PI) no statistically significant differences was found between before operation and two weeks after operation (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant differences in SS, PT, LL, SVA, PI between two weeks after operation and final follow-up (P > 0.05). CODI had decreased from preoperative 36.6 ± 4.2 to 14.7 ± 4.0 at final follow-up (P < 0.05). One year after operation, all patients obtained bone fusion and can find the union of bone trabeculae by three-dimensional reconstruction CT. Three cases occurred transient nerve root pain, and recovered after medicinal treatment. No infection and internal fixation loosening and breakage were found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Surgical reduction for high-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis can improve spino-pelvic balance and acquire satisfactory outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvis , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Pathology , Spondylolisthesis , Pathology , General Surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250667

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effects of anterior transpediclar screw (ATPS) fixation in treating lower cervical spine fracture and dislocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2009 to December 2011, 18 patients with lower cervical spine fracture and dislocation were treated with ATPS technique, including 12 males and 6 females, aged from 17 to 47 years old with an average of 38.2 years. Severity score of lower cervical spine injuries (SLIC) ranged from 6 to 9 points with an average of 7.5 points. According to ASIA grade of spinal cord injury, 2 cases were classified in grade A, 8 cases in grade B, 6 cases in grade C and 2 cases in grade D. X-ray and CT scan were done after surgery in order to evaluate the safety of ATPS and observe the stability and fusion of injured segment. Spinal cord function was evaluated according to ASIA grade at 3 months after operation and last follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 6 to 15 months with an average of 9.5 months. Three months after operation, in aspect of spinal cord function, 8 cases improved 1 grade, 2 cases improved 2 grades; and at final follow-up, 7 cases improved 1 grade, 4 cases improved 2 grades. All patients obtained bony fusion 6 to 8 months after operation with an average of 6.5 months. After operation, 1 case had transient hoarseness and recovered 2 months later;2 cases felt swallowing discomfort, but the symptoms disappeared after about 3 weeks by inhalation. No internal fixation breakage and loosening as well as nerve, blood vessel and esophageal injuries were found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As for three columns injury caused by lower cervical spine fracture and dislocation, treatment with anterior transpediclar screw reconstruction can achieve the effect of decompression thoroughly and restore the cervical spine height and physiological curvature. Moreover, this kind of treatment has good stability and can create the favorable conditions for the recovery of spinal cord function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joint Dislocations , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Recovery of Function , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353068

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the early clinical results of two stage hip replacement after failed internal fixation for femoral neck fractures in young patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2008 to June 2010,24 patients with femoral head necrosis caused by failed internal fixation were treated with hip arthroplasty. Among them, 12 patients were male and 12 patients were female, with an average age of 42.9 years old (ranged, 18 to 58). According to Harris score and X-ray examination, the clinical result was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-three cases were followed up with an average age of 34.4 months (ranged, 25 to 48). After operation, 1 case complicated with the dislocation of hip joint. No deep infection of hip joint, prosthetic loosing or peripheral fracture was found. The mean Harris score was 90.9 +/- 4.3, and 18 obtained excellent results, 4 good and 1 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Although treatment of femoral head necrosis with two stage hip replacement after failed internal fixation is difficult during operation, its early result is satisfactory.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Methods , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures , General Surgery , Femur Head Necrosis , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344761

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the risk factors,preventive measure of epidural hematoma after anterior cervical operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2005 and December 2012, 1,452 patients underwent anterior cervical operation in our hospital. Epidural hematoma occurred in 5 cases after operation and the incidence rate was 0.34%. There were 4 males and 1 female with an average age of 46.4 years (ranged, 33 to 55); 3 cases with cervical myelopathy, 1 case with cervical myelopathy and C5 vertebral angeioma, 1 case with ossification of cervical posterior longitudinal ligament. The occurred time,main clinical situation,duration of symptoms,operative management of epidural hematoma were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Five patients with epidural hematoma occurred within 24 h; the average interval between onset of symptoms and surgery was 4 h (ranged, 2 to 7). Operative treatment was accomplished in 5 cases by exploration and hematoma evacuation. There was significant improvement in all patients after reoperation. Epidural hematoma occurred again in one patient at 5 h after hematoma evacuation, and reoperation were performed to treat it. All patients were followed up from 6 to18 months with an average of 13.8 months. No recurrence was found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intensive care in 24 h postoperatively is important because of epidural hematoma often occurs in this period,especialy in the period of 6-8 h postoperativey. Clinical findings and MRI can early diagnose epidural hematoma and help treatment. Once it is identified and surgical evacuation would be performed on time.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Female , Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250741

ABSTRACT

Compared with the traditional anterior and posterior operation,anterior transpedicular screw fixation (ATPS) has many advantages of hiomechanics, relative safety. Both problems of decompression and reconstruction can be resolved only through an anterior approach. A rather peculiar anatomic channel was used in ATPS, but no special tools was used in system supporting for anterior pedicle screw to place,so the indications of ATPS of lower cervical vertebrae is relatively narrow,it cannot replace of traditional anterior and posterior surgery. Problems of accurately inserting screws and the development of internal fixation device about ATPS is a hot spot of current research and a future direction. In recent years,many scholars have systematically studied the technique, and applied it in clinic gradually and achieved good effects. In order to improve the level of application,recent articles were analyzed retrospectively in this paper,and the studies of anatomy,biomechanical and clinical application of ATPS were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250729

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical effects of injured vertebra pedicle instrumentation and injured vertebra bone grafting in treating thoracolumbar fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was performed on 48 patients with single thoracolumbar fractures (type A3) from August 2008 to August 2010. Twenty-four patients were treated with injured vertebra pedicle instrumentation (group A) and 24 were treated with injured vertebra bone grafting (group B). There were 14 males and 10 females with an average age of (44.0 +/- 7.4) years old (34 to 56) in group A and there were 13 males and 11 females with an average age of (42.5 +/- 7.1) years(ranged, 31 to 54) in group B. Operation time, volume of blood loss, complications and the relative parameter of imageology were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in gender,age, position of injury, volume of blood loss between two groups. Operation time of group A was shorter than that of group B. Cobb angle and injured vertebral height obviously improved at the immediately postoperatively between two groups; there was no significant difference in group A between the immediately and three months postoperatively, but there was significant difference in group B; there was no significant difference between three months and one year postoperatively in two groups. The failure rate of group B was significantly higher than that of group A.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pedicle screw fixation in the injured vertebrae has advantage of short operation time,can obtain satisfactory effects and is better than injured vertebra bone grafting in maintaining the reduction in treating single thoracolumbar fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Transplantation , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250704

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate effects of elastic stable intramedullary nails for the treatment of radial neck fracture in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From July 2006 to December 2011, 25 children with radical neck fractures, which included 16 males and 9 females aged from 7 to 15 years old (means 10.7), were treated with elastic stable intramedullary nails. According to Judet classification, 6 cases were type II, 17 cases were type III and 2 cases were type IV (including 1 case with type IVa and 1 case with type IVb). The fracture healing, pain, deformity and range of motion of elbow were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months with an average of 14 months. Twenty-five patients were obtained bone healing. According to Tibone and Stoltz evaluation standard, 18 cases got excellet results, 4 cases in good and 3 cases in moderate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Elastic stable intramedullary nails for the treatment of radial neck fracture in children has advantages of simple operation,less trauma and good results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Nails , Child , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Radius Fractures , General Surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313856

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To measure anatomic data of spinous process and vertebral plate and evaluate the possibility of fixation of spinous process and vertebral plate.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty cadaveric cervibal spines of C3-C7 were dissected to expose vertebral plate and spinous process, and were measured by two methods, one was manual measured using digital caliper and the other was computed tomography scaning. Parameters were measured manually including vertebral plate height and width. The screw was inserted from the boundary of the vertebral plate and spinous process, and gone out from the top of vertebral plate back of opposite side. Then through the CT reconstruction, angle of screw insertion, length of screw trajectory and distance between the screw tip and vertebral artery and spinal cord were measured. Additionally, spinous process width and vertebral plate thickness of 100 patients' CT scans of C3-C7 cervical segment were measured to evaluate possibility of screw insertion at spinous process and vertebral plate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The screw fixation of lower cervical spinous process and vertebral plate were successfully placed,without impingement of spinal cord and vertebral artery. There was no statistic difference on the data of lamina height and width of 20 cadaver specimens between manual and CT measurements (P>0.05). Height and width of vertebral plate was (12.4 +/- 1.2) to (13.7 +/- 1.3) mm and (4.5 +/- 0.9) to (5.4 +/- 1.1) mm respectively and increased gradually from C3 to C7 (P<0.05). The trajectory length was (13.7 +/- 1.2) to (15.8 +/- 1.8) mm and increased gradually from C3 to C7 (P<0.05). The distance between screw tip and vertebral artery and spinal cord was (20.1 +/- 2.7) to (25.8 +/- 2.9) mm and (4.1 +/- 1.8) to (5.0 +/- 1.2) mm respectively. The angles of screws insertion were (73.0 +/- 9.9) degrees to (85.3 +/- 10.1) degrees in the axial plane (P>0.05). Based on the CT measurements of 100 patients,the data of the spinous process width and lamina thickness varied from a minimum of (8.5 +/- 1.1) mm and (4.3 +/- 0.5) mm for the C4, to a maximum of (14.5 +/- 2.0) mm and (6.0 +/- 1.1) mm for the C7 respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lower cervical spinous process and vertebral plate screw fixation is feasible, which is a safe and stable screw approach for spinous process and vertebral plate fixation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313845

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical outcomes of lower cervical spinous process laminar screw technique in open door laminoplasty.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2005 to June 2010,12 patients with cervical myelopathy were treated with open door laminoplasty by lower cervical spinous process laminar screw technique. There was intervertebral disc herniation with degenerative stenosis in 5 patients, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament with osteophyte in 6 patients, cervical traumatic instability with spinal cord injuries in 1 patient. Nerve function, complications, and the cervical canal to body ratio (CBR), range of motion (ROM) and the anteroposterior serial alignment were observed by Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, X-ray, CT and MRI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The surgical time was from 1.5 to 2 h with an average of 110 min; blood loss during operation was from 450 to 800 ml with an average of 580 ml. Postoperative complication occurred in 1 case with upper limb pain and 1 case with cerebrospinal fluid leakage. All patients were followed up from 1 to 2 years with an average of 21.8 months. JOA score improved from preoperative 9.5 +/- 1.8 to postoperative 13.6 +/- 2.4 (P < 0.01). X-ray, CT, MRI showed CBR increased obviously (P < 0.01); ROM on flexion-extension and cervical lordosis decreased respectively from (40.0 +/- 10.0) degrees and (65.0 +/- 12.0)% before operation to (15.0 +/- 5.0) degrees and (42.0 +/- 8.0) % at the final follow-up (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lower cervical spinous process laminar screw technique in open door laminoplasty for cervical syndrome is safe and can obtain satisfactory effects, has strong internal fixation and reduce the risk of re-closure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Laminectomy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Stenosis , General Surgery
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