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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879048


To study phenylpropanoids from Eleocharis dulcis and their hepatoprotective activities. The compounds were separated and purified from ethyl acetate part by conventional column chromatography and preparative liquid chromatography, and their structures were identified by various spectral techniques. The HL-7702 cells damage model of hepatocytes induced by APAP was used to screen and evaluate the hepatoprotective activities of these compounds. Sixteen compounds were isolated from ethyl acetate part of E. dulcis, and their structures were identified as 6'-(4″-hydroxy-3″-methoxy-phenylpropenyl)-1-(10-methoxy-phenylacetone)-1'-O-β-D-glucopy-ranoside(1), susaroyside A(2), clausenaglycoside B(3), clausenaglycoside C(4), clausenaglycoside D(5), emarginone A(6), emarginone B(7), thoreliin B(8), 4-O-(1',3'-dihydroxypropan-2'-yl)-dihydroconiferyl alcohol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(9), 2-[4-(3-methoxy-1-propenyl)-2-methoxy-phenoxy]-propane-1,3-diol(10), 6'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-coniferin(11), methyl 3-(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3,4,5,6-tetramethoxyphenyl) propanoate(12), clausenaglycoside A(13), 9-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-coniferin(14), 6'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-syringin(15), 2'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-syringin(16). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2-16 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Among them, compounds 2 and 8 showed certain hepatoprotective activities.

Chromatography , Eleocharis , Hepatocytes , Plant Extracts
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872794


Objective::To established the model of chronic alcoholic liver injury in rats by long-term(8 weeks) alcoholic gavage, to study the effects of Tibetan medicine Lagotis brachystachys extracts on Toll-like receptor(TLR)2/myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)and NOD like receptor protein 3(NALP3) signaling pathways and study preliminary the mechanism of action of chronic alcoholic liver injury. Method::Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, bifendate positive drug group (0.1 g·kg-1) and L. brachystachys low, medium and high-dose groups (0.5, 1, 2 g·kg-1), the corresponding drugs were given at 10 mL·kg-1 in each morning, and the 56 degree Liquor was administered by the afternoon gradient alcoholic gavage method.After 8 weeks, the levels of serum aspartate transaminase (AST), serum alanineaminotransfease(ALT), serum total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and the liver levels of L-glutathione(GSH)were measured. The expression of TLR2, MyD88, NF-κB and NALP3 protein in liver were detected by Western blot.Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of liver tissue. Result::Compared with normal group, the serum levels of AST, ALT, TC, TG and IL-1β in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with model group, the serum AST, ALT, TC, TG and IL-1β levels were decreased in the various doses of L. brachystachys, and the high dose group was particularly effective (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with normal group, the GSH level in the liver homogenate of model group decreased significantly, and the difference was not statistically significant. The levels of TLR2, MyD88, NF-κB and NALP3 in the liver tissue of model group were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The GSH levels in the liver and the protein expression of TLR2, MyD88, NF-κB and NALP3 were decreased in L. brachystachys group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The liver pathological section showed that L. brachystachys can improve the pathological changes of rat liver tissue. Conclusion::L. brachystachys can protect liver from alcohol-induced chronic liver injury in rats. The mechanism was related to TLR2/MyD88/NF-κB and NALP3 signaling pathway.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777517


Chrysosplenium nudicaule,Tibetan name " Yajima",is recorded as an effective medicine for the treatment of liver and gallbladder diseases by Tibetan Pharmacopoeia published in the past dynasties,but its traditional efficacy has not yet been investigated by means of modern pharmacological research methods. In this paper,the protective effect of extract of C. nudicaule(ECN) on liver injury in mice was observed by using the mice model of intrahepatic cholestasis(IC) induced by α-naphthyl isothiocyanate(ANIT) and the possible mechanism by which ECN work as the therapeutic agent was discussed. The results showed that the serum levels of AST,ALT,ALP,DBIL,TBIL and TBA of the model mice were notably reduced in dose-dependent manner(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). The activity of SOD and GSH-Px in the liver homogenate of mice was increased,while the content of MDA was decreased(P<0. 01,P<0. 05).Pathological examination of liver in mice showed that ECN could improve the pathological changes of liver tissue in mice. The mRNA expression level of genes related to bile acid metabolism were detected by RT-PCR and the results suggested that ECN could significantly increase the expression of genes such as BSEP,FXR and MRP2(P<0. 01,P<0. 05),meanwhile significantly reduce the expression of CYP7 A1(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). These results confirmed the protective effect of ECN on intrahepatic cholestasis-induced liver injury in mice,and indicated that the mechanism may be related to activating FXR and its target genes,reducing bile acid synthesis and increasing bile acid excretion. This study provides a modern pharmacological basis for the clinical application of Yajima in Tibetan medicine.

Animals , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Drug Therapy , Liver , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , Plant Preparations , Pharmacology , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774515


This paper deals with the application of ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method to rapidly determine and analyze the chemical constituents of methanol extract of Urtica hyperborea. We employed UPLC YMC-Triart C18(2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 9 μm) column to UPLC analysis with acetonitrile-water(containing 0. 4% formic acid) in gradient as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0. 3 m L·min-1 gradient elution and column temperature was 30℃; the injection volume was 4 μL. ESI ion source was used to ensure the data collected in anegative ion mode. The chemical components of U. hyperborea were identified through retention time,exact relative molecular mass,cleavage fragments of MS/MS and reported data.The results indicated that a total of 31 compounds were identified,including 8 flavonoids,14 phenolic compounds,8 phenylpropanoids(4 coumarins and 4 lignans),and 1 steroidal compound,13 of which were confirmed by comparison. The UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS method could rapid identify the chemical components of U. hyperborea. The above compounds were discovered in U. hyperborea for the first time,which could provide theoretical foundation for further research on the basis of the pharmacodynamics of U. hyperborea.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Lignans , Phenols , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Urticaceae , Chemistry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773143


In this study,mouse models of benign prostatic hyperplasia induced by subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate was used to investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Urtica hyperborean( UW) extracts on prostate hyperplasia in mice. The effects of UW extracts on prostate index,serum epidermal growth factor( EGF) and dihydrotestosterone( DHT) in model mice were observed,and the EGF and anti-apoptotic factor( Bcl-2) mRNA expression levels were detected as well as pathological changes in prostate tissue. The results showed that the ethyl acetate extraction and alcohol soluble fraction of the UW could significantly reduce the prostate index,reduce the serum DHT and EGF levels( P<0. 01),and significantly decrease the EGF and Bcl-2 mRNA expression( P<0. 01),significantly improved the morphological structure of prostate tissue. The above results confirmed that ethyl acetate extract and alcohol-soluble parts of UW have a good preventive effect on mice prostatic hyperplasia model,and its mechanism may be to reduce androgen levels by regulating polypeptide growth factors and/or inhibiting cell hyperproliferation and promoting apoptosis. This study laid the foundation for the further research on UW.

Animals , Dihydrotestosterone , Blood , Epidermal Growth Factor , Blood , Male , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Drug Therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Testosterone Propionate , Urticaceae , Chemistry