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Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 12-15, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906608


Objective To evaluate the impact of the inclusion of (MPSV-AC) vaccine in the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) on the incidence of meningococcal meningitis. Methods Data on the incidence of meningococcal meningitis in Liaoning from 1995 to 2019 were collected, Interrupted time series (ITS) analysis was used to assess the level and slope change of the incidence of meningococcal meningitis before and after the inclusion of MPSV-AC vaccine in the EPI. Results Before the MPSV-AC vaccine was included in the EPI, the average annual incidence rate of meningococcal meningitis was 0.3442/100 000, the incidence rate showed a descending trend with an annual decrement of 0.0319/100 000. After the MPSV-AC vaccine was included in the EPI, the average annual incidence rate of meningococcal meningitis was 0.0151/100 000 and he incidence of meningococcal meningitis showed a descending trend with an annual decrement of 0.0042/100 000. Conclusion The incidence of meningococcal meningitis reduced after the inclusion of MPSV-AC vaccine in EPI,and the EPI strategy had a continuous effect on the decreasing trend of meningococcal meningitis incidence.

Chinese Journal of Health Policy ; (12): 51-56, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607959


Germany has a similar health insurance system as China, and has already formed standardized management processes as well as efficient decision-making transformation paths for health technology assessment (HTA) that perform well mainly based on three major HTA institutions at the national level.The HTA decision-making transformation system in Germany has proven to be a typical representative in evidence-based decision-making for health policies worldwide.Based on the outcomes of literature analysis and field research, this paper summarizes the paths and methods of Germany's HTA decision-making transformation, and finally proposes several targeted policy recommendations to promote the HTA decision-making transformation in China.

Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 495-498, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358984


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathologic features and differential diagnoses of non-involuting congenital hemangioma (NICH) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical, morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics of 22 cases of NICH were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean patients' age at diagnosis was 4.2 years, with a male to female ratio of 1.75:1. The tumors were located in the head and face (5 cases), neck (3 cases), body (6 cases), upper limbs (5 cases), and lower limbs (3 cases). Histologically, the tumor was dominated by rather large lobules of small vessels that were mostly rounded, curved, small and thin-walled, and were lined by endothelial cells surrounded by one or more layers of pericytes. The center of the lobules was occupied by one or more thin or thick walled vessels, which were surrounded by fibrous and fatty tissue, which contained abnormal arterial and venous structures. At the edge of the lobules there were lymphatic vessels. Immunohsitochemical study showed that tumor cells in NICH were positive for CD34 (22/22), CD31 (22/22), SMA (22/22), vimentin (22/22) and Glut1 (0/22). D2-40 expression was located at the edge of the capillary lobules.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NICH is a benign lesion. Clinically and pathologically, it needs to be differentiated from rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma, infantile hemangiomas, tufted angioma, vascular malformation, and others.</p>

Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor , Diagnosis, Differential , Hemangioma, Capillary , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588388


OBJECTIVE To investigate the pattern of fungal isolates from hospital-acquired infection in tumor patients after chemotherapy. METHODS The clinical information of fungus isolates from 102 tumor patients after chemotherapy was investigated.We analyzed the risk factors,species and drug-resistance of isolates. RESULTS The lower respiratory tract and mouth infection accounted for 61.8% and 16.7% in 102 cases with fungal infection and 102 isolates were isolated from various clinical specimens.Among above 102 isolates,Candida albicans and C.tropicalis accounted for 71.6% and 14.7%.The resistant rate of C.albicans to fluconazole and miconazole were 96.2% and 61.4%,respectively. CONCLUSIONS Hospital-acquired infection resulted from fungi in tumor patients after chemotherapy is related to primary tumor,age,the amount of white cell and use of antibiotics.