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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931817


Objective:To investigate the effect of inferior vena cava variability (IVCV) combined with difference of central venous-to-arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pcv-aCO 2) on guiding fluid resuscitation in septic shock. Methods:Patients with septic shock admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020 were enrolled, and they were divided into control group and observation group according to random number table method. Patients in both groups were given fluid resuscitation according to septic shock fluid resuscitation guidelines. The patients in the control group received fluid resuscitation strictly according to the early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) strategy. Resuscitation target: central venous pressure (CVP) 12-15 cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O≈0.098 kPa), mean arterial pressure (MAP) > 65 mmHg (1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa), mean urine volume (UO) > 0.5 mL·kg -1·h -1, central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO 2) > 0.70. In the observation group, the endpoint of resuscitation was evaluated by IVCV dynamically monitored by bedside ultrasound and Pcv-aCO 2. Resuscitation target: fixed filling of inferior vena cava with diameter > 2 cm, IVCV < 18%, and Pcv-aCO 2 < 6 mmHg. The changes in recovery indexes before and 6 hours and 24 hours of resuscitation of the two groups were recorded, and the 6-hour efficiency of fluid resuscitation, 6-hour lactate clearance rate (LCR) and 6-hour and 24-hour total volume of resuscitation were also recorded; at the same time, the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, 28-day mortality and the incidence of acute renal failure and acute pulmonary edema between the two groups were compared. Results:A total of 80 patients were enrolled in the analysis, with 40 in the control group and 40 in the observation group. The MAP, CVP and ScvO 2 at 6 hours and 24 hours of resuscitation in the two groups were significantly higher than those before resuscitation, while Pcv-aCO 2 and blood lactic acid (Lac) were significantly decreased, and UO was increased gradually with the extension of resuscitation time, indicating that both resuscitation endpoint evaluation schemes could alleviate the shock state of patients. Compared with before resuscitation, IVCV at 6 hours and 24 hours of resuscitation in the observation group were decreased significantly [(17.54±4.52)%, (18.32±3.64)% vs. (27.49±10.56)%, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group, MAP and ScvO 2 at 6 hours of resuscitation in the observation group were significantly increased [MAP (mmHg): 69.09±4.64 vs. 66.37±4.32, ScvO 2: 0.666±0.033 vs. 0.645±0.035, both P < 0.05], 24-hour MAP was increased significantly (mmHg: 75.16±3.28 vs. 70.12±2.18, P < 0.05), but CVP was relatively lowered (cmH 2O: 9.25±1.49 vs. 10.25±1.05, P < 0.05), indicating that the fluid resuscitation efficiency was higher in the observation group. Compared with the control group, 6-hour LCR in the observation group was significantly increased [(55.64±6.23)% vs. (52.45±4.52)%, P < 0.05], 6-hour and 24-hour total volume of resuscitation was significantly decreased (mL: 2 860.73±658.32 vs. 3 568.54±856.43, 4 768.65±1 085.65 vs. 5 385.34±1 354.83, both P < 0.05), the duration of mechanical ventilation was significantly shortened (days: 6.78±3.45 vs. 8.45±2.85, P < 0.05), while the incidence of acute pulmonary edema was significantly decreased [2.5% (1/40) vs. 20.0% (8/40), P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in the length of ICU stay, 28-day mortality or incidence of acute renal failure between the two groups. Conclusions:Dynamic monitoring of IVCV and Pcv-aCO 2 can effectively guide the early fluid resuscitation of patients with septic shock, and compared with EGDT, it can significantly shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation, reduce the amount of fluid resuscitation, and reduce the incidence of acute pulmonary edema. Combined with its non-invasive characteristics, it has certain clinical advantages.

Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 307-315, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884397


Objective:In general, patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are considered to show an aggressive disease course. However, the relationship between the two subgroups in disease severity is controversial. Our study is aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and prognosis of double-seropositive and seronegative RA in China through a real-world large scale study.Methods:RA patients who met the 1987 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria or the 2010 ACR/European Anti-Rheumatism Alliance RA classification criteria, and who attended the 10 hospitals across the country from September 2015 to January 2020, were enrolled. According to the serological status, patients were divided into 4 subgroups [rheumatoid factor (RF)(-) anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody (-), RF(+), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+), anti-CCP antibody(+)] and compared the disease characteristics and treatment response. One-way analysis of variance was used for measurement data that conformed to normal distribution, Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for measurement data that did not conform to normal distribution; paired t test was used for comparison before and after treatment within the group if the data was normally distributed else paired rank sum test was used; χ2 test was used for count data. Results:① A total of 2 461 patients were included, including 1 813 RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) patients (73.67%), 129 RF(+) patients (5.24%), 245 RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) patients (9.96%), 74 anti-CCP antibody(+) patients (11.13%). ② Regardless of the CCP status, RF(+) patients had an early age of onset [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) (51±14) years old, anti-CCP antibody(+) (50±15) years old, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) (48±14) years old, RF(+)(48±13) years old, F=3.003, P=0.029], longer disease duration [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 50 (20, 126) months, anti-CCP antibody(+) 60(24, 150) months, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 89(35, 179) months, RF(+) 83(25, 160) months, H=22.001, P<0.01], more joint swelling counts (SJC) [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 2(0, 6), Anti-CCP antibody(+) 2(0, 5), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 2(0, 7), RF(+) 2(0, 6), H=8.939, P=0.03] and tender joint counts (TJC) [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 3(0, 8), anti-CCP antibody(+) 2(0, 6), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 3(1, 9), RF(+) 2(0, 8), H=11.341, P=0.01] and the morning stiff time was longer [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 30(0, 60) min, anti-CCP antibody(+) 20(0, 60) min, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 30(10, 60) min, RF(+) 30(10, 60) min, H=13.32, P<0.01]; ESR [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 17(9, 38) mm/1 h, anti-CCP antibody(+) 20(10, 35) mm/1 h, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 26(14, 45) mm/1 h, RF(+) 28(14, 50) mm/1 h, H=37.084, P<0.01] and CRP [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) 2.3 (0.8, 15.9) mm/L, Anti-CCP antibody(+) 2.7(0.7, 12.1) mm/L, RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) 5.2(1.3, 17.2) mm/L, RF (+) 5.2(0.9, 16.2) mm/L, H=22.141, P<0.01] of the RF(+)patients were significantly higher than RF(-) patients, and RF(+) patients had higher disease severity(DAS28-ESR) [RF(-) anti-CCP antibody(-) (4.0±1.8), anti-CCP antibody(+) (3.8±1.6), RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) (4.3±1.8), RF(+) (4.1±1.7), F=7.269, P<0.01]. ③ The RF(+) anti-CCP antibody(+) patients were divided into 4 subgroups, and it was found that RF-H anti-CCP antibody-L patients had higher disease severity [RF-H anti-CCP antibody-H 4.3(2.9, 5.6), RF-L anti-CCP antibody-L 4.5(3.0, 5.7), RF-H anti-CCP antibody-L 4.9(3.1, 6.2), RF-L anti-CCP antibody-H 2.8(1.8, 3.9), H=20.374, P<0.01]. ④ After 3-month follow up, the clinical characteristics of the four groups were improved, but there was no significant difference in the improvement of the four groups, indicating that the RF and anti-CCP antibody status did not affect the remission within 3 months. Conclusion:Among RA patients, the disease activity of RA patients is closely related to RF and the RF(+) patients have more severe disease than RF(-) patients. Patients with higher RF titer also have more severe disease than that of patients with low RF titer. After 3 months of medication treatment, the antibody status does not affect the disease remission rate.

Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 73-78,C1-C2, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884372


Objective:To identify the key genes related to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by to the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and experimental verification to find key genes related to RA.Methods:The microarray data of RA were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Gene network was constructed, and the genes were classified into different modules using WGCNA. HUB genes in modules related to RA clinical symptoms were analyzed by gene ontology. Subsequently, different data sets of GEO were used to verify the expression profile and diagnostic capacity of the HUB gene [receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC)]. In addition, the expression of HUB gene in RA was verified by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot, and the relationship between key genes and disease activity score 28 joints (DAS28) was analyzed. Paired-sample t-test and Pearson's correlation analysis was used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 5 413 differentially expressed genes were filtered. Weighted gene coexpression network was constructed and genes were classified into 23 modules. Among them, the black module is closely related to the clinical symptoms of RA, which contained 346 genes. Enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) signal pathway analysis showed that it was to be enriched in the positive regulation of interleukin 6, interleukin 1 beta secretion, osteoclast differentiation, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, T helper cell 17 (Th17) cell differentiation and many other pathways closely related to RA. Motile sperm domain-containing protein 2 (MOSPD2) was significantly correlated with clinical symptoms. It was highly expressed in blood monocytes and bone marrow monocytes ( t=2.238, P=0.032; t=3.153, P=0.006), and positively correlated with blood expression in RA joint synovial fluid ( r=0.683, P=0.03). ROC curve analysis determined that MOSPD2 could distinguish RA from the control group (the area under the curve was 0.855 and 0.726) respectively. RT-PCR and Western blotting results showed that MOSPD2 was up-regulated in RA patients ( t=-3.96, P=0.02). MOSPD2 expression levels in blood were positively correlated with DAS28 in RA patients ( r=0.884 6, P=0.046 2). Conclusion:MOSDP2 is closely related to the clinical symptoms of RA patients, and may be one of the targets for the diagnosis and treatment of RA.

Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1015-1020, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667151


Objective To investigate the protective effects of vascular endothelial growth factor-165 (VEGF165) transfected the endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) mediated by lentivirus on acute lung injury (ALI) in rats. Methods The mononuclear cells from the male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were isolated and cultured to get the EPCs for study. The lentivirus vector carrying the human VEGF165 gene was constructed. According to the random number table method, 90 male SD rats were divided into ALI model group, phosphate buffer solution (PBS) group, EPCs treatment group, none transfected EPCs treatment group and VEGF165 transfected EPCs treatment group, and the rats in each group were subdivided into 4, 12 and 48 hours subgroups, with 6 rats in each subgroup. The rat model of ALI was reproduced by intravenous injection of oleic acid (0.15 μL/g). Then each treatment group was given PBS, EPCs, none transfected EPCs and VEGF165 transfected EPCs respectively with the same volume of 0.2 mL. For the groups with cells, about 1×106cells were contained. Abdominal aortic blood and lung tissue were harvested at 4, 12 and 48 hours. Arterial blood gas analysis was performed. The lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) was calculated. The expressions of induced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and VEGF165 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). After dyed with hematoxylin-eosin (HE), the lung tissue pathology was observed and the lung injury score was performed. Results Compared with the ALI model group, the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) in EPCs, none transfected EPCs and VEGF165 transfected EPCs treatment groups was significantly increased from 4 hours, and lung W/D, expressions of iNOS and ET-1 were significantly decreased, and VEGF165 expression was significantly increased. Compared with the EPCs treatment group, the increase in PaO2, the decrease in lung W/D and expressions of iNOS and ET-1, and the increase in VEGF165 expression in VEGF165 transfected EPCs treatment group were more significant [4 hours: PaO2(mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) was 82.84±10.69 vs. 72.34±9.36, lung W/D ratio was 4.83±0.23 vs. 5.55±0.37, iNOS (ng/mg) was 8.77±1.10 vs. 14.84±1.34, ET-1 (ng/mg) was 103.41±5.66 vs. 153.08±5.12, VEGF165 (ng/mg) was 130.56±12.16 vs. 83.03±5.95; 12 hours: PaO2(mmHg) was 91.67±6.81 vs. 78.5±8.81, lung W/D ratio was 4.44±0.35 vs. 5.32±0.25, iNOS (ng/mg) was 7.23±0.24 vs. 14.04±1.18, ET-1 (ng/mg) was 91.98±3.52 vs. 125.99±7.55, VEGF165 (ng/mg) was 164.49±5.71 vs. 96.61±6.12]; individual parameters reached valley value or peak value at 48 hours [lung W/D ratio was 4.26±0.30 vs. 4.89±0.15, iNOS (ng/mg) was 5.79±0.85 vs. 12.72±1.10, ET-1 (ng/mg) was 74.53±7.10 vs. 108.33±5.84, VEGF165 (ng/mg) was 237.43±10.79 vs. 134.24±11.99, all P < 0.05]. Over time, lung tissue injury in each group was gradually increased, and the lung injury score was gradually increased. The lung injury score at 48 hours in the EPCs, none transfected EPCs and VEGF165 transfected EPCs treatment groups were lower than that in the ALI model group. Compared with the EPCs treatment group, the VEGF165 transfected EPCs treatment group had a lower score at 48 hours (8.50±1.05 vs. 10.50±1.05, P < 0.05). Conclusion The transplantation of EPCs which were transfected with VEGF165 mediated by lentivirus could obviously improve the oxygen pressure, reduce the lung water seepage, decrease the iNOS and ET-1 expressions in lung tissue, and had obvious protective effects on ALI.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476177


BACKGROUND:The ankle is one of the most important joints of human body. Medial maleolar fractures are very common, and there are lots of surgical methods to treat it. A traditional approach is open reduction and internal fixation. As views changed, percutaneous cannulated screw internal fixation become increasingly popular, but various clinical studies are stil needed to analyze the efficacy of these two methods. OBJECTIVE:To compare the recovery of joint function after medial maleolus fracture repaired by open reduction and internal fixation and percutaneous cannulated screw fixation. METHODS:A total of 63 cases of medial maleolus fracture, who were treated in the Department of Orthopedics, People’s Hospital of Xinyi City from March 2009 to March 2013, were enroled. According to repair plan, they were divided into two groups: open reduction and internal fixation group (n=29) and percutaneous cannulated screw fixation group (n=34). Ankle function was assessed in accordance with Kofoed ankle score standard on admission and at 3 months after repair. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The patients were folowed up for 3 to 12 months. Among 29 cases in the open reduction and internal fixation group, the wound was healed at grade A in 27 cases and at grade B in 2 cases; 29 cases were reset, and no poor reduction was found. In the percutaneous cannulated screw fixation group, 34 cases had healing at grade A, with the presence of good reduction. Al patients experienced bone union, and no infection appeared. In accordance with Kofoed score, at 3 months of folow-up, the satisfaction rate was 97% in the open reduction and internal fixation group, and 100% in the percutaneous cannulated screw fixation group. These data suggest that both open reduction and internal fixation and percutaneous cannulated screw fixation for medial maleolus fracture obtained positive effects, but percutaneous cannulated screw fixation showed smal surgical trauma, which could reduce the rate of infection and contributed to early functional recovery of ankle joint.