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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610300


Objective To compare the differences in behavior characteristics among SHR, WKY and SD rat models of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and explore an ideal control model of SHR rats.Methods Using open field test to analyze the rat movement distance, speed, wearing numbers and the number of grooming to evaluate the spontaneous movement in SHR, WKY and SD rats.Using the Morris water maze to test the learning and memory ability among the three rat groups.Results The result of open field test showed that the SHR rats had significantly increased (P< 0.01) total amount of exercise, average speed and wearing numbers than WKY and SD rats.Compared with the WKY rats, SD rats had a significantly higher movement distance (P< 0.01), slightly higher movement speed and wearing number (P< 0.05).In the Morris water maze hidden platform period test, the SD rats had a significantly longer latency than the SHR rats (P< 0.05).SD rats showed longer latency distance on the first, third and fourth days of training, as compared with the SHR rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Compared with the WKY group, SD rats showed a shorter latency distance in each training time (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).In the probe trial period, the SD rats showed shorter time and distance ratio to the target quadrant than SHR rats (P< 0.05), while significantly longer than the WKY rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Conclusions There are significant behavioral differences between SHR and WKY rats, showing certain disadvantages in comparison of the two types of rats.To add SD rats as a control group for SHR rats can improve the comparability of behavior characteristics of SHR rats, and to get more objective evaluation of the behavior characteristics of SHR rats.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487078


Objective To discuss the research status of TCM therapy for ADHD in China in recent ten years; To provide references for clinical workers. Methods Clinical research papers about TCM therapy for ADHD in CNKI, VIP, and CBM from 1st January 2005 to 1st April 2015 were retrieved. Metrology analysis was conducted from the aspects of publication time, diagnostic criteria, contrasted medicine, and types and features of TCM therapy. Results By eliminating duplication literature, 670 papers were screened out. After the screening of exclusion criteria, 148 papers were included. DSM-Ⅳ and CCMD-3 were the most commonly used diagnostic criteria in the 148 papers; internal therapy was the main therapy in TCM therapy; decoction was the main dosage form; liver-kidney yin deficiency syndrome and heart-liver fire syndrome were the main patterns of syndrome; Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata and other 19 Chinese medicinal herbs were the main Chinese mateia medica; Xiaoer Zhili Syrup was the most commonly used Chinese patent medicine; acupuncture and moxibustion and auricular point therapy were the main external therapy, and external combined with internal therapy had the best efficacy. Conclusion TCM therapy for ADHD is with high effectiveness. External combined with internal therapy has the best efficacy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484140


Objective To introduce an improved extraction method of prefrontal cortical and striatal synaptosomes from SHR rat. Methods Synaptosomes were prepared from SHR rat brain tissue by Percoll density gradient centrifugation.Transmission electron microscopy was used to assess the morphology and structural integrity of the synaptosomes.Results The obtained synaptosomes showed oval structures surrounded by an intact membrane.Presynaptic components contained one or more mitochondria and a large number of synaptic vesicles.The synaptic clefts were clearly visible, and prominent part of the characteristic compact structure was clear, complete and with higher electron-density. The synaptosome presynaptic membrane, synaptic cleft, and postsynaptic membrane were well preserved, and the synaptosomes were densely distributed, showing typical morphological characteristics of synaptosomes.Conclusions The results of our study improved the traditional preparation method and provide a less time-consuming, highly productive protocol for preparation of structurally typical and intact synaptosomes, suitable for further research on neuroscience and neurological diseases.