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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923812

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of dance intervention on the cognitive function and balance function in the elderly with mild cognitive impairment and its possible mechanism through systematic review of related literatures. Methods The literatures of randomized controlled trials on the impact of dance intervention on the cognitive function and balance function of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were searched in the Cochrane library, PubMed, CBM, Web of Science, EMBASE, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang data and other databases, from establishment to June 7th, 2021. Two researchers screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and evaluated the quality. Results The scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were better in the dance intervention experimental group than in the control group, as well as the scores of Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS), Trail Making Test (TMT)-B and Verbal Fluency Test. However, no significant difference was found in the response time in TMT-A between two groups. Dance intervention could improve the scores of Berg Balance Scale. Conclusion Dance intervention can improve overall cognitive function, memory function, executive function and balance function of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923796

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of dance intervention on the cognitive function and balance function in the elderly with mild cognitive impairment and its possible mechanism through systematic review of related literatures. Methods The literatures of randomized controlled trials on the impact of dance intervention on the cognitive function and balance function of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were searched in the Cochrane library, PubMed, CBM, Web of Science, EMBASE, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang data and other databases, from establishment to June 7th, 2021. Two researchers screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and evaluated the quality. Results The scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were better in the dance intervention experimental group than in the control group, as well as the scores of Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS), Trail Making Test (TMT)-B and Verbal Fluency Test. However, no significant difference was found in the response time in TMT-A between two groups. Dance intervention could improve the scores of Berg Balance Scale. Conclusion Dance intervention can improve overall cognitive function, memory function, executive function and balance function of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906290

ABSTRACT

Plantaginis Semen is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) commonly used in China, which is one of the authentic medicinal materials in Jiangxi. It has great development prospects. However, the current research on Plantaginis Semen is not in-depth enough, mainly involving chemical components and pharmacological activities. There are few researches on processing and variety of Plantaginis Semen. In order to further develop and utilize the resources of Plantaginis Semen, we summarized 4 varieties that have been studied more at present, the processing contents of Plantaginis Semen in ancient and modern literature were consulted and sorted out, and its processing historical evolution were summarized. The influences of different processing technologies and methods on the chemical composition and pharmacological effects of Plantaginis Semen were analyzed, the possible processing mechanism was discussed. Meanwhile, and the quality evaluation methods of Plantaginis Semen varieties included in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia were summarized. The author mainly analyzed the researches status of Plantaginis Semen and its decoction pieces in the three aspects of variety, processing and quality evaluation, and summarized its current major problems such as insufficient use and development of varieties, unclear processing mechanisms, and undetermined quality evaluation standards. And combined with the national standardization project of TCM to carry out the prospect and analysis for it, in order to solve the problems in the actual production and use of Plantaginis Semen, and provide reference for its further development, production of the high-quality decoction pieces, analysis of the processing mechanism, and establishment of the quality control system.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the rehabilitation effects of dance activity on negative emotion in older adults, and clarify the multiple factors that determine the dose-effect of emotional rehabilitation. Methods:The electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang data were searched from inception to December 31, 2020. The authors, countries, years, samples, study designs, interventions, measurement instruments and outcomes were extracted. The PEDro scale was used to assess the methodological quality of included literatures. Results:A total of 672 studies were retuned, out of which twelve were selected including 808 individuals. These studies were published in ten countries, and most in journals related to clinical medicine, exercise rehabilitation, psychotherapy and gerontology. Study designs included randomized controlled trial (RCT), quasi-experimental study and pre-post study. The mean PEDro score was 5.58. There were four types of dance activity, including social dance, dance movement therapy, leisure dance and folk dance. The latter two types were the main rehabilitation interventions. Dance was found to significantly reduce anxiety and depression levels, as well as distress and stress in older adults. Effect of dance activity on negative emotion in older adults was related to intensity, frequency and duration variables, and needed more researches with well-controlled designs, standardized assessments and longitudinal follow-ups. Community was the primary field for the elderly to participate in dance activities. Integrating dance activities into the community rehabilitation service system might contribute to their emotional adjustment and mental health. Conclusion:Dance activity is feasible and effective to alleviate negative emotion, promote psychological healthy and improve quality of life for older adults.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872835

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the processing technology of salt-processed products of Plantaginis Semen with the specific process parameters, and verify the obtained processing technology by pharmacodynamic research, so as to provide experimental basis for the standardized production and quality control of this decoction pieces. Method:Taking composite score of appearance character score, dry extract yield and contents of three components (geniposidic acid, acteoside and isoacteoside) as index, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-criteria importance through intercrieria correlation (CRITIC) mixed weighting method was used to determine the weight coefficient of each index. Based on single factor tests, the response surface method was used to investigate the effects of frying time, frying temperature, salt amount and water amount on the processing technology of salt-processed products of Plantaginis Semen, and the processing technology was verified by diuretic experiment with furosemide tablets as the positive drug (administration dose of 0.01 g·kg-1). Result:The weight coefficients of geniposidic acid content, acteoside content, appearance character score, isoacteoside content and dry extract yield were 0.319, 0.193, 0.207, 0.273 and 0.008, respectively. The optimal process parameters were as following:fried at 150-180 ℃ for 10 min (obtained from the single factor tests), 100 g of Plantaginis Semen sprayed evenly with 2 g of salt (2 g of salt dissolved in 20 mL of water), and fried at 150-180 ℃ for 15 min. Compared with the blank group, both of the raw products group and the salt-processed products group could significantly increase the secretion of urine volume (P<0.01), but the excretion of Na+ in the urine of rats in the salt-processed products group was significantly higher than that in the raw products group (P<0.05). Conclusion:The optimized processing technology is simple and feasible, which can provide reference for standardizing the industrial production of salt-processed products of Plantaginis Semen. At the same time, combined with inherent quality and appearance of the salt-processed products, and verified by pharmacodynamic test, the obtained results are reasonable and reliable, which can be used for quality control of this decoction pieces.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851056

ABSTRACT

Objective: Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to establish a comprehensive evaluation method of multiple indexes of traditional Chinese medicine, and the best processing technology of Sarcandra glabra was optimized. Methods: On the basis of single factor experiment, the comprehensive score of neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, isofraxidin, astilbin and rosmarinic acid content was used as evaluation index by AHP, and drying temperature and drying time were used as influencing factors. The purification process of S. glabra leaves was determined by single factor investigation. Taking soaking time, soaking time, cutting length and drying temperature as influencing factors, the optimal cutting process of S. glabra stems was optimized by central composite design-response surface method. Multi-index analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to analyze and verify the optimal process. Results: The best processing technology of S. glabra stems was as follows: stem Rob water washed once, soaked in 12 times of water for 1 h, moistened and softened for 3 h, cut into 15 mm segments after taking out, and baked at 50 ℃ for 2 h; The processing method of leaves was as follows: leaf Rob water washed once and dried at 50 ℃ for 4 h; Then mixed the processed stems and leaves of S. glabra at 2:1. The deviation between the verification value and the prediction value of the comprehensive score of the optimal S. glabra stem by softening and cutting method was 4.70%. Conclusion: The processing technology is simple, stable and feasible. The obtained parameters can provide scientific basis for the research and production of S. glabra, and AHP can provide reference for the multi-index evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a HPLC fingerprint detection method of Plantaginis Semen, and analyze the samples from different producing areas in Jiangxi province by combining with chemical pattern recognition method, and the contents of five ingredients in Plantaginis Semen were determined. Method:A total of 34 batches of Plantaginis Semen medicinal materials were detected by HPLC. The similarity evaluation was carried out by the 2012 edition of similarity evaluation system of chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine. The chromatographic peak information was used as the data source, and three chemical pattern recognition methods were used to comprehensively analyze the quality of this medicinal herb. Quantitative analysis was performed on the 5 active components, including geniposidic acid, plantamajoside, acteoside, galuteolin and isoacteoside. Result:The similarities between Plantaginis Semen samples from different producing areas in Jiangxi province were >0.86. Orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) could distinguish samples from different producing areas, and be used to determine the chemical components, which had strong correlation with the quality of Plantaginis Semen. The contents of 5 active components in samples from different producing areas were different to some degree, especially in the content of plantamajoside. Conclusion:The established HPLC fingerprint of Plantaginis Semen has strong characteristics, combined with chemical pattern recognition method, it can effectively evaluate the quality of Plantaginis Semen and distinguish its producing areas.

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