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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 492-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922915

ABSTRACT

A novel sort of nano-component was extricated and isolated from Descurainiae Semen Carbonisatum (DSC), and its hemostatic component was considered through pharmacological experiments. A muffle furnace was used to prepare DSC at 250 ℃, 300 ℃ and 350 ℃, and the DSC dialysate at each temperature was obtained by the extraction and separation method. Low-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) were utilized to characterize the nano-components. Ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV-Vis), fluorescence spectroscopy (FL) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were utilized to measure its optical characteristics and functional group information. The anti-hemorrhagic effects were evaluated by liver bleeding tests and the related hemostatic mechanisms of the obtained nano-components were further assessed by detecting blood coagulation and PLT quantity to discuss the hemostasis mechanism. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. TEM results showed that there was a novel type of nano-component in the DSC dialysate bag, which was named DSC nano-components (DSC-NCs). The experimental results of liver bleeding in mice showed that DSC-NCs prepared at 250 ℃, 300 ℃, and 350 ℃ could reduce the bleeding time of mice liver. Among them, DSC-NCs prepared at 350 °C had the best effect. In addition, DSC-NCs prepared at various temperatures can also reduce the prothrombin time (PT) value, increase the fibrinogen (FIB) value and the platelet (PLT) value to varying degrees. DSC-NCs have a certain hemostatic effect, which may be related to the activation of the exogenous coagulation system, the increase of FIB value and the increase of platelet content. This provides a new research direction for exploring the treatment of bleeding diseases, and provides a new perspective for the potential application of DSC-NCs in the medical field.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 353-363, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922911

ABSTRACT

Progesterone is currently the first-line drug for the treatment and prevention of threatened abortion and habitual abortion. With the gradual liberalization of China's childbirth policy, the number of elderly parturients has increased significantly. As a result, the market demand for progesterone and the individual requirements have been continuously improved. Clinical studies have found that the indications of progesterone are not limited to gynecological diseases, but can also be used for the treatment of renal colic, traumatic brain injury and other diseases. Existing progesterone preparations include oral capsules, intramuscular injections, vaginal gels, etc., but they can no longer meet the current market situation and the increase of indications. Improving existing preparations, developing new preparations, and opening up new routes of administration have become one of the directions of progesterone drug research. This article will review the research progress of new dosage forms in existing administration, new routes of administration and related preparation methods of progesterone.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1123-1128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888527

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of down-regulation of long non-coding RNA HOX antisense intergenic RNA myeloid 1 (LncRNA-HOTAIRM1) to the proliferation and apoptosis of Jurkat in human leukemia T lymphocytes, and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Jurkat cells were cultured in vitro and randomly divided into control group, HOTAIRM1 siRNA-NC group and HOTAIRM1 siRNA group; the expressions of LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 mRNA, KIT receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) mRNA and serine threonine kinase (AKT) mRNA in Jurkat cells were detected by real-time fluorescence quantification (RT-qPCR); the proliferation of Jurkat cells in each groups was detected by CCK-8 method; the apoptosis of Jurkat cells in each groups was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining; the expressions of KIT, AKT, p-KIT, p-AKT, B-lymphoma-2 gene (BCL-2) and Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the cells in the control group and HOTAIRM1 siRNA-NC group, the expression level of LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 mRNA, cell survival rate, expression levels of KIT mRNA, AKT mRNA, p-KIT, p-AKT and BCL-2 proteins in Jurkat cells in HOTAIRM1 siRNA group were significantly lower (P<0.05), while the expression level of Cleared Caspase-3 protein and Jurkat cell apoptosis rate were significantly higher (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 may inhibit Jurkat cell proliferation and induce apoptosis through KIT/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 249-258, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879761

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of IR-61, a novel mitochondrial heptamethine cyanine dye with antioxidant effects, on diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction (DMED). Eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) to induce type 1 diabetes. Eight weeks after STZ injection, all rats were divided into three groups: the control group, DM group, and DM + IR-61 group. In the DM + IR-61 group, the rats were administered IR-61 (1.6 mg kg

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of whole exome sequencing (WES) in prenatal clinical application.Methods:A total of 1 152 cases of congenital abnormal [including structural malformation, nuchal translucency (NT) thickening and intrauterine growth restriction] with traditional prenatal diagnosis [including G-band karyotype analysis and chromosome microarray analysis (CMA)] negative were analyzed. The congenital abnormal fetuses were divided into retrospective group and prospective group according to the time of WES detection, that is whether the pregnancy termination or not. According to the specific location of fetal malformation and their family history, the cohort was divided into subgroups. The clinical prognosis of all fetuses were followed up, and the effect of WES test results on pregnancy decision-making and clinical intervention were analyzed. According to the follow-up results, the data of fetuses with new phenotypes in the third trimester or after birth were re-analyzed.Results:Among 1 152 families who received WES, 5 families were excluded because of nonbiological parents. Among the remaining 1 147 families, 152 fetuses obtained positive diagnosis (13.3%,152/1 147), including 74 fetuses in the retrospective group (16.1%,74/460) and 78 fetuses in the prospective group (11.4%,78/687). In fetuses with negative CMA and G-band karyotype analysis results but new phenotypes in the third trimester or after birth, the positive rate by WES data re-analysis was 4.9% (8/163). A total of 34 (21.3%, 34/160) fetuses were directly affected by the corresponding positive molecular diagnosis. Among 68 cases of live births with diagnostic variation grade 4, 29 cases (42.7%, 29/68) received appropriate medical intervention through rapid review of WES results.Conclusions:WES could increase the detection rate of abnormal fetuses with negative G-banding karyotype analysis and CMA by 13.3%. Prenatal WES could guide pregnancy decision-making and early clinical intervention. It might be an effective strategy to pay attention to the special follow-up of the third trimester and postnatal fetus and to re-analyze the WES data.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2728-2731, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905031

ABSTRACT

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare disease caused by enzyme deficiency due to HMBS gene mutation and is often life-threatening during acute attack. This article introduces the traditional treatment methods for AIP, such as high-carbohydrate therapy and intravenous heme infusion, as well as several emerging therapies targeting the etiology of AIP, including enzyme replacement therapy and gene therapy with multiple strategies of DNA gene augmentation, mRNA gene augmentation, and RNAi gene silencing. It is worth noting that breakthroughs have been made in Givosiran, a drug based on RNAi gene silencing, and it has been used in clinical practice. Gene therapy targeting the etiology of AIP may become a new trend in the treatment of rare diseases in the future.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of whole exome sequencing technology in fetuses with congenital structural abnormalities.@*METHODS@#The chromosomal abnormalities of 1147 families were analyzed. According to the follow-up results, the data of fetuses with new phenotypes in late pregnancy or after birth were reanalyzed. Subgroups were divided according to the organs involved and whether single malformation or not. The gene regulatory network map was drawn by using string database and Cytoscape software. Fisher exact probability method was used to compare the difference of the diagnostic rate of pathogenic genes among the groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 160 fetal cases received positive molecular diagnosed, involving 178 variant sites of 125 pathogenic genes, including 8 cases (4.9%, 8/163) by data reanalysis, and the overall positive diagnosis rate was 13.9%. Diagnostic rate was highest in the group of skeletal malformation (31.5%, 39/124) and lowest in that with thoracic malformation (0, 0/32). The gene clusters of fetal edema and intrauterine growth restriction were independent, and were not associated with the major structural malformations. The probability of each parent carrying the same recessive gene variant was 0.03 (39/1146) and 0.08 (4/53) with positive family history.@*CONCLUSION@#For fetuses with congenital structural abnormalities that are negative for conventional genetic tests, 13.9% of phenotypic associated pathogenic/likely pathogenic genetic variants can be detected by whole exome sequencing technology. Its application value for prenatal diagnosis varies in fetus with different organs involved. Reanalysis of sequencing data for cases with new phenotypes in late pregnancy or after birth can further improve the molecular diagnosis rate. Further investigations are needed to explore the related genetic mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Diseases , Fetus/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Technology , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Whole Exome Sequencing
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2093-2101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887058

ABSTRACT

At present, the research of Moutan cortex carbonisata (MCC) mainly focuses on the changes of chemical composition before and after charcoal production, and there is a lack of material basic research directly related to the efficacy at home and abroad. In this study, Moutan cortex, as a precursor, and was calcined to MCC at high temperature. The Moutan cortex carbonisata nano-components (MCC-NCs) were extracted and separated from MCC to explore its cooling-blood and hemostatic effects. In the experiment, the MCC was calcined at a high temperature in a muffle furnace (350 ℃, 1 h), and then MCC-NCs were extracted for MCC, and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In addition, the study evaluated the blood-cooling and hemostatic effects of MCC-NCs. The results showed that MCC-NCs have a size distribution of 0.80-2.8 nm, a lattice spacing of 0.26 nm. MCC-NCs are mainly composed of C, O and N elements and have abundant surface functional groups such as OH, C=O, C-N and C=C. The fluorescence yield of MCC-NCs was 7.18%. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The result indicated that pretreatment MCC-NCs can significantly (P < 0.05) reduce the high, medium, and low viscosity of whole blood and plasma viscosity, and reduce hematocrit, red blood cell distribution width, hemoglobin and red blood cell level. In addition, MCC-NCs significantly reduced the levels of activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time and fibrinogen (P < 0.05). The pathological examination results showed that MCC-NCs can significantly reduce lung tissue damage, reduce bleeding and inflammatory cell infiltration. At the same time, it can also significantly reduce the symptoms of gastric mucosal bleeding. In conclusion, the results indicated that MCC-NCs has significantly the effect of blood cooling and hemostasis, and its hemostatic effect is mainly related to the activation of endogenous coagulation pathway or fibrinogen system, which provided a novel strategy for exploring the material basis of traditional Chinese medicine for hemostasis.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881053

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating pulmonary circulation disease lacking high-efficiency therapeutics. The present study aims to decipher the therapeutic mechanism of Rhodiola crenulata, a well-known traditional chinese medicine with cardiopulmonary protection capacity, on PAH by exploiting functional lipidomics. The rat model with PAH was successfully established for first, following Rhodiola crenulata water extract (RCE) treatment, then analysis of chemical constituents of RCE was performed, additional morphologic, hemodynamic, echocardiographic measurements were examined, further targeted lipidomics assay was performed to identify differential lipidomes, at last accordingly mechanism assay was done by combining qRT-PCR, Western blot and ELISA. Differential lipidomes were identified and characterized to differentiate the rats with PAH from healthy controls, mostly assigned to acylcarnitines, phosphatidylcholines, sphingomyelin associated with the PAH development. Excitingly, RCE administration reversed high level of decadienyl-L-carnitine by the modulation of metabolic enzyme CPT1A in mRNA and protein level in serum and lung in the rats with PAH. Furthermore, RCE was observed to reduce autophagy, confirmed by significantly inhibited PPARγ, LC3B, ATG7 and upregulated p62, and inactivated LKB1-AMPK signal pathway. Notably, we accurately identified the constituents in RCE, and delineated the therapeutic mechansim that RCE ameliorated PAH through inhibition of fatty acid oxidation and autophagy. Altogether, RCE might be a potential therapeutic medicine with multi-targets characteristics to prevent the progression of PAH. This novel findings pave a critical foundation for the use of RCE in the treatment of PAH.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879555

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for fetal duodenal obstruction (DO).@*METHODS@#Fifty-one fetuses with DO identified by prenatal ultrasound were divided into DO only group and DO with other anomaly group. CMA was carried out on amniotic fluid or umbilical blood samples, and the outcome of pregnancy of all cases were followed up.@*RESULTS@#Eight fetuses (15.7%) were found with genomic abnormalities, which included 3 chromosomal aneuploidies and 5 copy number variations (CNVs), including one 17q12 microduplication syndrome, one 13q21.33q31.1 microdeletion, one 13q21.32q22.3 deletion, one 13q21.2q31.1 deletion and one 1q43q44 duplication. EDNRB from 13q and HNF1B from 17q12 are candidate genes for fetal DO. No significant difference was found in the detection rate of pathogenic CNVs between the DO only and DO with other anomaly groups (9.5% vs.11.1%, P> 0.05). There were 39 live borns, 1 stillbirth, and 11 artificial abortions (8 with abnormal CMA results).@*CONCLUSION@#There is a correlation between fetal DO and abnormal copy number of the genome, for which prenatal diagnosis is necessary. CMA not only can detect microdeletions/microduplications, but also identify pathogenic genes, which can facilitate prenatal diagnosis, genetic counseling and prognosis for the fetus.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Copy Number Variations , Duodenal Obstruction/genetics , Female , Fetus , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 105-109, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787669

ABSTRACT

To summarize the status of immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) after mastectomy in Beijing City, Tianjin City and Hebei Province. A retrospective analysis was made on the data of 382 cases with breast cancer who were treated and followed up successfully with immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy from January 2012 to December 2016 in Beijing City, Tianjin City and Hebei Province. Clinic data of the followed-up 382 cases (all female, age (38.5±4.2) years (range: 24 to 70 years)), including general information, tumor information, sugery methods, and treatments after surgery were collected. The survival status, metastasis,complications and prognosis were followed up. Cosmetic effcet was evalated by Harris method, and life quality by Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast scale (FACT-B). χ(2) test was used to compare the difference between year 2012 and year 2013 to 2016. Bonferroni method was used to correct the inspection level, which was 0.05/10=0.005. The trend of IBR rate (ratio of IBR to modified radical mastectomy) from 2013 to 2016 was analyzed by trend χ(2) test. There was 46 cases in stage 0, 152 cases in stage Ⅰ, 165 cases in stage Ⅱ, 19 cases in stage Ⅲ. Twenty-five cases was treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 231 by chemotherapy and 35 by radiotherapy. The proportion of implant reconstruction was 48.7% (186/382), more than expanded of 21.5% (82/382), with latissimus dorsi of 12.0% (46/382), TRAM of 8.9% (34/382), DIEP of 2.1% (8/382), and latissimus plus implant of 6.8% (26/382). According to the Harris standard, the excellent and good rate of the cosmetic effect of the reconstructed breast was 93.7%. The score of FACT-B was 108.20±16.9 (range: 67 to 144) 1 year postoperatively. Compared with 2012, the IBR rate was significant increased, till 2015, the IBR rate was 153/10 000 cases (χ(2)=47.028, 0.000). There is a significant increase on IBR rate in Beijing City, Tianjin City and Hebei province by year. Most of cases received IBR is stage Ⅰ to Ⅱ. Implant reconstruction is the main reconstructive method. Postoperative cosmetic effects and quality of life are both meet patients' demon.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of whole genome and high resolution chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) in genetically etiological diagnosis of infants and young children with congenital heart disease (CHD).Methods:The clinical data of 130 infants and young children with CHD who were hospitalized and received CMA test at the Department of Pediatrics, Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The whole genome CMA test was carried out as per the standard operating procedure of American Affymetrix CytoScan HD platform.The results were analyzed by using chromosome analysis suite (ChAS) software and related bioinformatics.CHD patients were divided into the isolated CHD group and the syndromic CHD group according to whether they had extracardial abnormalities.According to the CHD phenotype features of these 2 groups obtained by anatomical results, patients were divided into the simple CHD group and the complex CHD group.Results:Among 130 CHD infants and young children receiving CMA, there were 60 clinically significant copy number variations (CNVs) detected by CMA in 53 patients, with a diagnostic rate of 40.8%(53/130 cases). The pathogenic CNVs of 32 patients (24.6%) were less than 10 7 bp.There were 29 cases (54.7%) of genetic syndromes related to chromosomal microdeletion or microduplication.22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome, Williams-Beuren syndrome and Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome were the most common syndromes.The detection rates of pathogenic CNVs between the isolated CHD group [42.8% (30/70 cases)] and the syndromic CHD group [38.3% (23/60 cases)] was not statistically significantly different ( P=0.60). The detection rates of pathogenic CNVs between the simple CHD group [34.4% (20/58 cases)] and the complex CHD group [45.8% (33/72 cases)] was not statistically significantly different ( P=0.19). By genotypic and phenotypic analysis, genes such as SUZ12, DGCR6, YWHAE, CRKL, LZTR1, DLG1, ADAP2 and TBX6 were identified as potential candidate pathogenic genes of CHD. Conclusions:CMA has important application value in CHD in infants and young children.It is recommended that CMA should be used as the first-line genetic detection technology for CHD infants and children.CHD patients of various types should be tested by CMA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845164

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of pregabalin, methylparaben and propylparaben in pregabalin oral solution. Methods: The analytical column was the CPACELL PAK C18 column(250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase A was 25 mmol/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution(previously adjusted to pH 6.7 with concentrated ammonia)and the mobile phase B was methanol. Gradient elution was carried out at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm for all analytes. The column temperature was maintained at 30℃, and the injection volume was 20 μl. Results: The linear ranges for pregabalin, methylparaben, propylparaben were 1000.45-4001.78, 65.21-260.84, and 8.17-32.68 μg/ml(all r≥0.9995), respectively. Their average recoveries were 100.17%(RSD=1.06%), 100.30%(RSD=0.56%), and 99.92%(RSD=0.28%)(n=9), respectively. Conclusion: The established HPLC method is simply operable, efficient, accurate and reproducible, which could be used for the quantitative determination of pregabalin and paraben preservatives in pregabalin oral solution.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2702-2712, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837523

ABSTRACT

The effects of alcohol extracts from roots, stems, leaves, and flowers of Scutellaria Baicalensis Georgi (SBG) on endogenous metabolism in D-gal-induced aging-model rats were investigated by 1H NMR metabolomics. Results showed that 32 endogenous metabolites were identified in the urine. Combined with the VIP value and t-test, 14 different metabolites were found by multivariate statistical analysis of the spectrum. Compared with the control group, the content of α-ketoglutaric acid, hippuric acid and 3-hydroxybutyrate in the urine of rats in the model group was significantly decreased (P<0.05) and the content of trimethylamine oxide, glycine, alanine, lactic acid, dimethylglycine, acetate, pyruvate, taurine, allantoin, betaine, N-acetylated glycoprotein was significantly increased (P<0.05). The metabolites were mainly derived from taurine and hypo-taurine metabolism; glycine, serine and threonine metabolism; pyruvate metabolism; glycolysis/gluconeogenesis; glyoxylic acid and dicarboxylic acid metabolism; and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. The content of differential metabolites in urine samples was altered by the alcohol extracts from the different parts of SBG. Leaves extracts of SBG had the greatest effect on urine metabolites, and mainly affected taurine and hypo-taurine metabolism; glycine, serine and threonine metabolism; and pyruvate metabolism. This study provides a reliable experimental basis for the future development of SBG. This animal experiment was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of Shanxi University (SXULL2016036).

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828979

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the prevalence and determinants of folic acid (FA) supplementation in Chinese couples planning for pregnancy and in women during early pregnancy.@*Methods@#This was a cross-sectional study based on the Shanghai PreConception Cohort (SPCC) study. Data on FA supplementation and socio-demographic features were collected using questionnaires. Couples visiting clinics for pre-pregnancy examination and pregnant women at < 14 gestational weeks were recruited in Shanghai, China, between March 2016 and September 2018.@*Results@#Among the pregnancy planners, 42.4% (4,710/11,099) women and 17.1% (1,377/8,045) men used FA supplements, while 93.4% (14,585/15,615) of the pregnant women used FA supplements. FA supplement use was higher in female pregnancy planners who were older ( : 1.13, 95% : 1.08-1.18), had higher education ( : 1.71, 95% : 1.53-1.92), and were residing in urban districts ( : 1.06, 95% : 1.01-1.11) of FA supplementation; female pregnancy planners with alcohol consumption ( : 0.95, 95% : 0.90-0.99) had lower odds of FA supplementation. In early pregnancy, women with higher educational level ( : 1.04, 95% : 1.03-1.06), who underwent pre-pregnancy examination ( : 1.02, 95% : 1.01-1.03) had higher odds of using an FA supplement; older aged ( : 0.99, 95% : 0.98-0.99), and multigravida ( : 0.97, 95% : 0.96-0.98) had lower odds of FA supplementation.@*Conclusion@#Although the majority of pregnant women took FA supplements, more than half of the women planning for pregnancy did not. Urgent strategies are needed to improve pre-conception FA supplementation.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Dietary Supplements , Female , Folic Acid , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vitamin B Complex , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828976

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To screen the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in human bronchial epithelial cells (HBE) treated with atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM ).@*Methods@#HBE cells were treated with PM samples from Shenzhen and Taiyuan for 24 h. To detect overall protein expression, the Q Exactive mass spectrometer was used. Gene ontology (GO), Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG), and Perseus software were used to screen DEPs.@*Results@#Overall, 67 DEPs were screened in the Shenzhen sample-treated group, of which 46 were upregulated and 21 were downregulated. In total, 252 DEPs were screened in the Taiyuan sample-treated group, of which 134 were upregulated and 118 were downregulated. KEGG analysis demonstrated that DEPs were mainly enriched in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis and HIF-1 signal pathways in Shenzhen PM samples-treated group. The GO analysis demonstrated that Shenzhen sample-induced DEPs were mainly involved in the biological process for absorption of various metal ions and cell components. The Taiyuan PM -induced DEPs were mainly involved in biological processes of protein aggregation regulation and molecular function of oxidase activity. Additionally, three important DEPs, including ANXA2, DIABLO, and AIMP1, were screened.@*Conclusion@#Our findings provide a valuable basis for further evaluation of PM -associated carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Bronchi , Metabolism , Computational Biology , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Humans , Mass Spectrometry , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , Proteomics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828437

ABSTRACT

Guided by the theory of "component structure", we analyzed the structural characteristics of pharmacodynamical components in genuine Moutan Cortex. The compositions of organic small molecules were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for 20 batches of genuine Moutan Cortex and 12 batches of non-genuine Moutan Cortex. By means of similarity analysis, clustering analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), the elements in structural characteristics of the pharmacodynamical components were extracted as follows: terpene glycosides components(oxidized paeoniflorin, paeoniflorin,galloyl paeoniflorin, benzoyloxy paeoniflorinand benzoyl paeoniflorin), tannin components(1,3,6-tri-O-galloside acyl glucose, pentagalloyl glucose), and phenolic acid components(methyl gallate, paeonol). The contents and quantity ratios of terpene glycoside component, tannin component and phenolic acid components in genuine Moutan Cortex were determined as 14.1, 12.5, 21.7 mg·g~(-1), 1.00∶0.89∶1.54. The contents and quantity ratios of the oxidized paeoniflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin in the terpene glycoside components were characteristic and determined as 2.05, 7.05, 3.30 mg·g~(-1), 1.00∶3.44∶1.61. The unique structural characteristics of genuine Moutan Cortex provide scientific basis for the formulation of quality standards.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia , Principal Component Analysis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828435

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we aim to control and evaluate the quality of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pill by using the model of fingerprint technique and "component structure" theory. Agilent 5 TC-C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was used, with 0.1% formic acid solution-acetonitrile as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1). The column temperature was 30 ℃, with detection wavelength of 242 nm and the sample volume of 10 μL. The characteristic fingerprint of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pill was established by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for its quality control. Seventeen common peaks were identified, and the similarity was 0.550-0.997 in 29 batches of samples, indicating that the quality difference among batches of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills was significant. The structural characteristics of the Moutan Cortex components in Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills were characterized. On this basis, combined with the structural characteristics of genuine components of Moutan Cortex, the structural characteristics of components in Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills were further analyzed. The results showed that there were significant differences in the contents and quantity ratios of 9 representative components(components) of Moutan Cortex in Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills from different manufacturers, indicating internal quality differences among different batches of products. The fingerprint technique and the "component structure" theory established by the above research provide an analytical method and a research foundation for the quality evaluation of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828434

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the quality of Moutan Cortex Formula Granules from different manufacturers based on the structural characteristics of the genuine components of Moutan Cortex. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprint analysis method of Moutan Cortex Formula Granules was established to characterize the elements of the structural characteristics for genuine Moutan Cortex. Nineteen common peaks were determined and the similarity between the Moutan Cortex Formula Granules of each batch and the control fingerprint was 0.856-0.981. The results showed that there were differences in the internal quality of Moutan Cortex Formula Granules from three manufacturers. The contents of components as well as inter-component and intra-component quantity ratio for Moutan Cortex Formula Granules from different manufacturers were analyzed. It was found that the inter-component quantity ratio of G1 and G2 produced by manufacturer A was close to that of G4 produced by manufacturer B; the inter-component quantity ratio of G3 from manufacturer B was close to that of G7 from manufacturer C; and the inter-component ratios of samples G5, G6, G8-G11 produced by manufacturer C were closer to each other. The results of the study guided by the theory of "component structure" provide a new analytical method and basis for the quality evaluation of Moutan Cortex Formula Granules.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828373

ABSTRACT

To establish high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints for crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,and to evaluate their quality through the similarity calculation and chemical pattern recognition. The separation was performed with Syncronis C_(18) column(4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm), with acetonitrile(A) and 0.1% phosphoric acid solution(B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution, and a detection wavelength of 280 nm. HPLC was used to detect 22 batches of crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,and the Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 Edition) was used to evaluate the similarity among 22 batches. The research on pattern recognition was conducted with cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and partial least squares discriminate analysis(PLS-DA). HPLC fingerprints of crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus were established, with similarity ranging from 0.9 to 1.0. The crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus can be obviously distinguished by using CA, PCA and PLS-DA. According to the results of PLS-DA,11 constituents including hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, specnuezhenide and oleuropein were the main marker components leading to the difference. The established fingerprint method is stable and reliable, and can provide method basis for quality control of crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. Chemical pattern recognition is proved to be helpful in comprehensive quality control and evaluation of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus before and after the process.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
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