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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771699


Genistein is a kind of isoflavone compounds, also called phytoestrogens, with clinical effects on cardiovascular disease, cancer and postmenopausal-related gynecological diseases, and also has the potentiality in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease(AD). In this study, the protective effect of genistein on Aβ₂₅₋₃₅-induced PC12 cell injury and effect on CaM-CaMKIV signaling pathway were observed to investigate its mechanism for AD. PC12 cells were cultured and then the safe concentration of genistein and the modeling concentration and optimal time point of administration of Aβ₂₅₋₃₅ were screened by MTT assay. After being pretreated with different concentrations of genistein(25, 50, 100 μmol·L⁻¹) on PC12 cells, the AD model of PC12 cells was induced by Aβ₂₅₋₃₅. Then the survival rate of cells was detected by MTT assay; morphological change of cells was observed under the inverted microscope, and apoptosis of cells was assessed by AO/EB fluorescence staining; the neuroprotective effects of genistein on AD cell model were observed and the optimal concentration of genistein was determined. Expressions of mRNA and protein levels of CaM, CaMKK, CaMKIV and tau were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot assay, respectively. The results showed that as compared with the blank group, the cell survival rate was decreased; the cell damage and apoptosis were increased; and the expressions of mRNA and protein levels of CaM, CaMKK, CaMKIV and tau were increased in AD model group. Genistein could significantly improve the cell survival rate, reduce the cell damage and apoptosis of AD cell model, and significantly down-regulate the expressions of mRNA and protein levels of CaM, CaMKK, CaMKIV and tau of AD cell model. These results indicated that genistein has obviously neuroprotective effect on the AD cell model induced by Aβ₂₅₋₃₅, and the mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of CaM-CaMKIV signaling pathway and Tau protein expression.

Amyloid beta-Peptides , Animals , Apoptosis , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 4 , Metabolism , Calmodulin , Metabolism , Cell Survival , Genistein , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells , Peptide Fragments , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Rats , Signal Transduction