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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection(LAPR) with pelvic peritoneum closure for patients with low rectal cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 90 patients with low rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection from Mar 2014 to Jan 2019 at the Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into closed pelvic floor peritoneum group (study group, n=42) and without pelvic floor peritoneum group (control group, n=48) . Results:The postoperative hospital stay of the study group was shorter than that of the control group[(10.8±3.0) d vs. (12.4±3.1) d, t=2.569, P=0.013]. There was no statistically significant difference in the operation time , intraoperative blood loss , time to first flatus ,first time of getting out of bed between the two groups. Perineal incision infection and perineal incision dehiscence occurred in 2 cases and 1 case in the study group, and 10 cases and 9 cases in the control group respectively (χ 2= 5.007, P=0.025; χ 2=6.077, P=0.033). In the study group, there were 0 cases of perineal hernia, 1 case of pelvic floor peritoneal hernia and 2 cases of adhesive intestinal obstruction, while those in the control group were 7 cases, 8 cases and 9 cases, respectively (χ 2=6.642, P=0.013; χ 2=5.079, P=0.033; χ 2=4.085, P=0.043). Conclusion:Laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection with pelvic peritoneum closure significantly reduces the incidence of postoperative perineal-related complications and shorten postoperative hospital stay.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between metabolically healthy obesity(MHO) and atherosclerosis risk among Chinese community population aged 40 or older.Methods:A total of 9 525 participants without cardiovascular diseases (3 621 men and 5 904 women) from Jiading community in Shanghai were enrolled to complete questionnaires, undergo extensive physical examination including brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and blood pressure (BP) assessment, and laboratory screening. According to body mass index (BMI) and metabolic status, these participants were categorized into 4 groups including metabolically healthy non-obese (MHNO), metabolically unhealthy non-obese (MUNO), MHO, and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO). High baPWV was defined as baPWV>1 400 mm/s, and high pulse pressure (PP) was defined as PP above fourth quartile of the population. Multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to explore the relationship between MHO and high baPWV as well as high PP after adjusting for confounders. Results:After multivariable adjustment, such as sex, age, current smoking, current drinking, and education, logistic regression analysis showed that MHO was significantly correlated with high baPWV ( OR=1.18, 95% CI 1.02-1.37) and high PP ( OR=1.72, 95% CI 1.43-2.08) in comparison with MHNO. Otherwise, both MUNO and MUO subjects were at higher risk for suffering from high baPWV (MUNO: OR=3.02, 95% CI 2.60-3.50; MUO: OR=3.26, 95% CI 2.87-3.70) and high PP (MUNO: OR=2.56, 95% CI 2.17-3.02; MUO: OR=3.49, 95% CI 3.01-4.06). Conclusion:On the basis of Chinese community population, there was a pronounced correlation between the MHO phenotype and the increased risk of developing atherosclerosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between exposure to famine in early life and later risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood.Methods:A cluster sampling method was used to include 8 868 residents who were lived in the Jiading community of Shanghai during the Great Famine from 1959 to 1962 in China. Subjects were divided into non-exposed group, fetal exposure group, childhood exposure group, and adolescent exposure group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between famine exposure in early life and the risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. Results:Famine exposure during childhood and adolescent both increased the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in adulthood in women. No significant correlation was observed in men. In subjects with less physical activity and lower education level, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood was significantly higher in the famine-exposed group than that of non-exposed groupand the interactions were statistically significant.Conclusion:Early life famine exposure increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in adults, especially in women.

4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 802-810, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880936

ABSTRACT

The association between serum uric acid and the risk of incident diabetes in Chinese adults remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate this association in a community-dwelling population aged ≥ 40 years in Shanghai, China. Oral glucose tole3rance test was conducted during baseline and follow-up visits. Relative risk regression was utilized to examine the associations between baseline gender-specific serum uric acid levels and incident diabetes risk. A total of 613 (10.3%) incident diabetes cases were identified during the follow-up visit after 4.5 years. Fasting plasma glucose, postload glucose, and glycated hemoglobin A1c during the follow-up visit progressively increased across the sex-specific quartiles of serum uric acid (all Ps < 0.05). The incidence rate of diabetes increased across the quartiles of serum uric acid (7.43%, 8.77%, 11.47%, and 13.43%). Multivariate adjusted regression analysis revealed that individuals in the highest quartile had 1.36-fold increased risk of diabetes compared with those in the lowest quartile of serum uric acid (odds ratio (95% confidence interval) = 1.36 (1.06-1.73)). Stratified analysis indicated that the association was only observed in women. Accordingly, serum uric acid was associated with the increased risk of incident diabetes among middle-aged and elderly Chinese women.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Uric Acid
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The association between lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains uncertain, especially in the Asian population. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the association between Lp(a) levels and MetS in a middle-aged and elderly Chinese cohort.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study of 10,336 Chinese adults aged 40 years or older was conducted in Jiading District, Shanghai, China. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between serum Lp(a) levels and MetS.@*RESULTS@#In the overall population, 37.5% of participants had MetS. Compared with individuals in the lowest quartile of serum Lp(a) levels, those in the highest quartile had a lower prevalence of MetS (30.9% vs. 46.9%, P for trend < 0.0001). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that compared with participants in the bottom quartile of serum Lp(a) levels, those in the top quartile had decreased odds ratio (OR) for prevalent MetS [multivariate-adjusted OR 0.45 (95% confidence interval 0.39-0.51); P < 0.0001]. Additionally, Lp(a) level was conversely associated with the risk of central obesity, high fasting glucose, high triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol, but not with hypertension. Stratified analyses suggested that increasing levels of Lp(a) was associated with decreased risk of MetS in all the subgroups.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Lp(a) level was inversely associated with the risk of prevalent MetS in a middle-aged and elderly Chinese cohort.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Lipoprotein(a) , Blood , Male , Metabolic Syndrome , Blood , Epidemiology , Middle Aged
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712971

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the significance of liver biopsy in differential diagnosis and prognosis of congenital biliary atresia (CBA) and infant hepatitis syndrome (IHS).[Methods] Totally 77 children with congenital biliary atresia and 48 infants with hepatitis syndrome treated in Guangdong Women and Children Hospital from December 2012 to December 2016 were examined by liver biopsy and follow-up.Combined with immunohistochemistry and PAS staining,reticular fiber staining,Masson staining techniques,we make comparative analysis of both histopathological features and prognosis.[Results] The liver fibrosis grade,hepatic lobule inflammation activity staging,the degree of bile duct hyperplasia and the prognosis of CBA and IHS infants were statistically significant (P<0.05).S2-S3-based liver fibrosis grading in infants with CBA,mainly in G2-G3 hepatic lobule inflammation staging,bile duct hyperplasia significantly;IHS infants with liver fibrosis grading as S0-S1,liver Slice inflammatory activity stage to G1-G2-based.The prognosis of infants with CBA was significantly worse than IHS,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).[Conclusion] The early liver biopsy of infants with congenital biliary atresia and infant hepatitis syndrome,combined with immunohistochemistry and PAS staining,reticular fiber staining,Masson staining techniques has important clinical significance to the differential diagnosis and prognosis of both.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771682

ABSTRACT

Scutellariae baicalensis is one of the most important traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, mainly distributed in Shandong and Hebei provinces. It has significant pharmacological effects such as antimicrobial activity, anti-inflammatory and antioxidation. Baicalin is one of its main effective components. However, baicalin's low bioavailability has restricted its clinical application. In recent decades, extensive studies have been carried out on the metabolism of baicalin at home and abroad. In order to provide scientific references for baicalin's further studies, this paper would not only review the advances in pharmacokinetics research of baicalin and Chinese herbal preparations containing baicalin, but also make a summary on research status of baicalin.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Flavonoids , Pharmacokinetics , Scutellaria baicalensis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the association between serum uric acid levels and cardiovascular disease risk among individuals without diabetes.@*METHODS@#We investigated the association between serum uric acid levels and the risk of prevalent cardiometabolic diseases, 10-year Framingham risk for coronary heart disease, and 10-year risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) among 8,252 participants aged ⪖ 40 years without diabetes from Jiading district, Shanghai, China.@*RESULTS@#Body mass index, waist circumference, blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, blood pressure, and serum lipids increased progressively across the sex-specific quartiles of uric acid (all P trend < 0.05). Compared with individuals in the lowest quartile, those in the higher quartiles had a significantly higher prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia (all P trend < 0.05). A fully adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that individuals in the highest quartile had an increased risk of predicted cardiovascular disease compared with those in the lowest quartile of uric acid. The multivariate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) [95% confidence intervals (CIs)] for the highest quartiles for high Framingham risk were 3.00 (2.00-4.50) in men and 2.95 (1.08-8.43) in women. The multivariate adjusted ORs (95% CIs) for the highest quartile for high ASCVD risk were 1.93 (1.17-3.17) in men and 4.53 (2.57-7.98) in women.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum uric acid level is associated with an increased risk of prevalent obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, 10-year Framingham risk for coronary heart disease, and 10-year risk for ASCVD among Chinese adults without diabetes.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , China , Coronary Disease , Blood , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Lipids , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Uric Acid , Blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710009

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of age at menarche with the risks of diabetes and metabolic syndrome ( MS) in adulthood in Shanghai community postmenopausal women. Methods A total of 10375 residents over 40 years in Jiading, Shanghai were identified by a cluster sampling method. After taking standardized questionnaire surveys, physical examinations, and biochemical parameters testing, we gathered their lifestyle and medicine information. A total of 4723 postmenopausal women were enrolled in the study. The population was divided into three groups according to age at menarche, and their risks of MS and diabetes in various groups were compared. Results After multivariate adjustment, postmenopausal women with a menarche age<15 years had a 29%increased risk of diabetes(95%CI 1.03-1.61) and a 45% increased risk of MS(95% CI 1.20-1.76) in adulthood, compared with those with menarcheal age at 15-18 years. Among the five components of MS, earlier age of menarche was associated with higher risks of hypertriglyceridemia, low high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and central obesity. Conclusions In Shanghai Jiading community postmenopausal women, age at menarche is associated with the risk of diabetes and MS, independent of the body mass index in adulthood.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709998

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and the risks of cardiovascular disease in Chinese. Methods A survey of 10 375 subjects aged 40 or older in Jiading District of Shanghai was performed using cluster sampling. All the subjects were recruited to undergo questionnaire interview, anthropometric measurements, and fasting blood sampling. A total of 8 877 participants were included in the final analyses, including 5 664 females and 3 213 males. The mean age of individuals was ( 58.68 ± 9.22)yearsinmenand(57.65±8.93)yearsinwomen(P<0.01).10-yearriskforafirsthardatherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) event was calculated. Results Increased ALT levels were associated with more unfavorable cardiovascular risk profiles and 10-year risk for ASCVD. Increased ALT levels were associated with the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in female participants, while in male participants the prevalence of diabetes mellitus appeared as a U-distribution. The prevalence of hypertension and hyperlipidemia were 66.04%, 52.74%and 64.49%, 47.63% respectively. Increased serum ALT was associated with higher prevalence of 10-year risk for ASCVD. As compared with participants in the first ALT quartile, the risks of 10-year risk for ASCVD were increased by 148%(OR=2.48, 95%CI 1.78-3.45) and 139%(OR=2.39, 95%CI 1.78-3.19), respectively in male and female participants. As compared with participants in the first ALT quartile, higher prevalence of 10-year risk for ASCVD were increased by 96%(OR=1.96, 95%CI 1.30-2.95), while there was no significantly statistical difference in men. Conclusion A high-normal serum ALT level was significantly associated with an increased risk of the cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly Chinese.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507097

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of attentional bias training on mood and disease uncertainty in anxious patients with coronary artery intervention treatment during transition period. Methods A total of 82 anxious patients with coronary artery intervention treatment during transition period were assigned into control group (28 cases), escape-negative-training group(27 cases) and positive-direction-training group (27 cases) by random digits table method. Patients in control group only received routine psychological counseling, while patients in escape-negative-training group and positive-direction-training group also received spot-type attentional bias training(200 trails/time,10-15 minutes/time,2 times/week, all 4 weeks in the two groups;the negative and neutral words between the probe points were 20%and 80%in escape-negative-training group,and positive and neutral words between the probe points were 100%and 0 in positive-direction-training group). All the patients were evaluated by Stroop test, Self-evaluation of Anxiety Scale (SAS), Attention to Positive and Negative Information Scale (APNIS), Profile Of Mood States (POMS) and Illness Uncertainty Scale (IUS). Results After intervention, 21.4%(6/28) was alleviated in the control group, while respective 70.4%(19/27) and 44.4%(12/27) in escape-negative-training group and positive-direction-training group (χ2=8.15, P=0.003). There were no significant differences in SAS, POMS, Stroop test, APNIS and IUS among three groups (P>0.05). After intervention, the SAS, negative emotion scores in POMS (tension-anxiety, depression-dejection, fatigue-inertia, baffling-confusion) and IUS were lower in escape-negative-training group than those in control group(Q=3.79-7.58, all P0.05). Conclusions Attentional bias training could improve the anxiety symptoms and reduce illness uncertainty in anxious patients with coronary artery intervention treatment during transition period. Escape-negative-training is more effective in reducing patients′ negative mood and alleviating anxiety symptoms than the positive-direction-training.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3460-3462, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614953

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the cardiac electrophysiology changes of canine asynchrony ischemic heart failure under left ventricular endocardial pacing.Methods Left bundle branch radiofrequency catheter ablation and left anterior descending coronary artery ligation were used to establish the model of ischemic heart failure in 18 healthy dogs.Eighteen healthy dogs were randomly divided into two groups,9 cases in each group.The experimental group was treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy(CRT) in left ventricular endocardium,and the control group underwent the sham operation.ECG and echocardiography were done at 6 weeks after operation.Results The left ventricular ejection fraction in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group(38.32 ± 6.08 vs.30.62 ±8.96).The asynchronization index in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(35.99 ±5.25 vs.78.21 ± 7.02),and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).QRS(60.58 ± 7.43 vs.68.33 ± 8.01) and QTc(347.09 ± 17.33 vs.367.81 ± 22.02)in the experimental group were significantly shorter than those in the control group(P<0.05);moreover Tp-e(37.03±9.07 vs.45.76±7.11) and ARI(162.33±22.06 vs.187.21±23.87) in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion Left ventricular endocardial pacing can produce preferably electrophysiological effects and achieve the goal of effective cardiac resynchronization therapy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661567

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the relationship between obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a community-based study among a middle-aged and elderly Chinese population. Methods·A survey of 10375 inhabitants aged 40 years or older in Jiading District of Shanghai was performed using cluster sampling. All the subjects were recruited to undergo questionnaire interview, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical measurements. Blood and urine samples were collected to measure biochemical features, including plasma glucose, lipid profiles, liver and renal function, as well as urinary albumin and creatinine. Obesity status was diagnosed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. According to body mass index (BMI) levels, the subjects were divided into normal weight group (BMI<25 kg/m2), overweight group (25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI<30 kg/m2) and obesity group (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on American Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk of CKD among people with different BMI levels. Results·Increased BMI levels were associated with more unfavorable metabolic profiles. After a variety of factors were adjusted,each 1 kg/m2 increment of BMI was associated with a 9% higher risk of prevalent CKD, and the odds ratio (OR) was 1.09 (95% CI:1.07-1.12). Results from multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that in the total population, compared with individuals in the normal weight group, those in the overweight and obesity groups had 51% (OR=1.51, 95% CI: 1.27-1.78) and 181% (OR=2.81, 95% CI: 2.20-3.61) higher risk of prevalent CKD. Conclusion·In the middle-aged and elderly community population in China, overweight and obesity are associated with an increased risk of prevalent CKD.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661553

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the association between mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or insulin resistance in middle-aged and elderly Chinese community population. Methods·A cross-sectional study was conducted in 6570 residents aged 40 years or older in Jiading District of Shanghai in 2014. All participants received standard questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, biochemical evaluation and ultrasonic examination. NAFLD was defined by hepatic ultrasonography, after excluding subjects with excess alcohol consumption and medical history of liver diseases. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to the quartiles of MUAC, then association between MUAC and NAFLD or insulin resistance was analyzed. Results·With the increase of MUAC level, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triacylglycerol, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR levels, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase,γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, and aspartic transaminase levels were increased significantly (all P<0.01), as well as the prevalence of NAFLD, hypertension,dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance (all P<0.01). A fully adjusted multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that with the increase of MUAC level, the risk of having NAFLD and insulin resistance were increased among women. However, among men, there was no correlation between MUAC and NAFLD or insulin resistance. Conclusion·MUAC is significantly associated with NAFLD and insulin resistance in middle-aged and elderly female Chinese community population.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658648

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the relationship between obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a community-based study among a middle-aged and elderly Chinese population. Methods·A survey of 10375 inhabitants aged 40 years or older in Jiading District of Shanghai was performed using cluster sampling. All the subjects were recruited to undergo questionnaire interview, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical measurements. Blood and urine samples were collected to measure biochemical features, including plasma glucose, lipid profiles, liver and renal function, as well as urinary albumin and creatinine. Obesity status was diagnosed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. According to body mass index (BMI) levels, the subjects were divided into normal weight group (BMI<25 kg/m2), overweight group (25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI<30 kg/m2) and obesity group (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on American Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk of CKD among people with different BMI levels. Results·Increased BMI levels were associated with more unfavorable metabolic profiles. After a variety of factors were adjusted,each 1 kg/m2 increment of BMI was associated with a 9% higher risk of prevalent CKD, and the odds ratio (OR) was 1.09 (95% CI:1.07-1.12). Results from multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that in the total population, compared with individuals in the normal weight group, those in the overweight and obesity groups had 51% (OR=1.51, 95% CI: 1.27-1.78) and 181% (OR=2.81, 95% CI: 2.20-3.61) higher risk of prevalent CKD. Conclusion·In the middle-aged and elderly community population in China, overweight and obesity are associated with an increased risk of prevalent CKD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658634

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the association between mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or insulin resistance in middle-aged and elderly Chinese community population. Methods·A cross-sectional study was conducted in 6570 residents aged 40 years or older in Jiading District of Shanghai in 2014. All participants received standard questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, biochemical evaluation and ultrasonic examination. NAFLD was defined by hepatic ultrasonography, after excluding subjects with excess alcohol consumption and medical history of liver diseases. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to the quartiles of MUAC, then association between MUAC and NAFLD or insulin resistance was analyzed. Results·With the increase of MUAC level, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triacylglycerol, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR levels, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase,γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, and aspartic transaminase levels were increased significantly (all P<0.01), as well as the prevalence of NAFLD, hypertension,dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance (all P<0.01). A fully adjusted multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that with the increase of MUAC level, the risk of having NAFLD and insulin resistance were increased among women. However, among men, there was no correlation between MUAC and NAFLD or insulin resistance. Conclusion·MUAC is significantly associated with NAFLD and insulin resistance in middle-aged and elderly female Chinese community population.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296507

ABSTRACT

This current cross-sectional study investigates the relationship between thyroid hormones and peripheral artery disease (PAD) among euthyroid Chinese population aged 40 years and above. Serum free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxin (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid antibodies were measured. PAD was defined as ankle-brachial index (ABI) < 0.9. There were 91 (2.9%) PAD cases among the 3,148 euthyroid study participants. Participants in the highest quartile of FT3 and free-triiodothyronine-to-free-thyroxin (FT3/FT4 ratio) had a decreased risk of prevalent PAD (multivariate-adjusted odds ratio, 95% confidence interval: 0.32, 0.15-0.62, P for trend = 0.01 and 0.31, 0.13-0.66, P for trend = 0.004, respectively) compared to those in the lowest quartile. To conclude, FT3 levels and the FT3/FT4 ratio was inversely associated with prevalent PAD in euthyroid Chinese population aged 40 years and above.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Blood , Risk Factors , Thyroxine , Blood , Triiodothyronine , Blood
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501910

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the difference of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) and modified Re-sponse Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after stereotactic body radio-therapy (SBRT). Methods:From Janurary 2014 to August 2015, thirty-five patients with HCC treated with SBRT were included in De-partment of Radiation Oncology and Integrative Oncology of Navy General Hospital of PLA, and SBRT efficacy was evaluated based on RECIST 1.1 and mRECIST criteria. Results:Under RECIST 1.1, one patient had complete response (CR), 20 had partial response (PR), and 11 achieved stable disease (SD) at three months. Three patients had progressive disease (PD). The overall best response rate (CR+PR) was 60%. In comparison, under mRECIST, 10 patients had CR, 16 had PR, and 6 achieved SD at three months. Three patients had PD. The overall best response rate was 74.28%. The statistical analysis showed that Kappa=0.402 (χ2=43.3, P<0. 001) was less than 0.75 but greater than 0.4, indicating that it had not reached the two diagnostic criteria of consistency degree of satisfaction. According to the mRECIST criteria, the objective remission group (CR+PR) was superior to the nonobjective remission group (SD+PD) in progression-free survival (P<0.001). Conclusion:For unresectable HCC, mRECIST may be more useful than RECIST 1.1 in evaluating HCC response to SBRT.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486681

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between the hemodynamic characteristics of time intensity curve(TIC) by contrast enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) and the expression of antigen Ki-67 of the 4 different clinic stages (T0 andTis,T1 ,T2,T3) in ductal carcinoma in order to predict the grade of the expression of antigen Ki-67 and clinic stages.Methods Masses founded in 80 cases proved by pathological test after resection or needle biopsy were divided into 4 groups base on clinic stages:group 1(T0 andTis) , group 2(T1),group 3(T2),and group 4(T3).Some parameters gained after analyzing TIC of CEUS would be used to make a rank correlation analysis with the expression grade of antigen Ki-67 through immunohistochemical diagnosis.A regression equation would be gained from those parameters which had a correlation with the expression grade of antigen Ki-67 (P < 0.05). Results Most TIC of ductal carcinomas were possessed of the characteristics of fast in and slow-out.Compared to the other three groups,group 4(T3) had significant differences in arrive time,time to peak,arrive intensity,peak intensity and area under curve.Compared to group 1(T0 andTis),group 4(T3) had significant differences in continuous time and rising curve's slope and group 3(T2) has significant differences in arrive intensity and area under curve. Parameters entered the regression equation through mult-variable linear regression analysis were arrive time,continuous time,peak intensity and rising curve's slope.R square was 0.83 1 and adjust R square was 0.822.Through the regression equation verification,5 cases accorded with the clinic stages standard of ductal carcinoma.Conclusions The hemodynamic characteristics of time intensity curve (TIC) by contrast enhanced ultrasound had a good correlation with the expression grade of antigen Ki-67 of the 4 different clinic stages in ductal carcinoma.The regression equation had a good explanatory and degree of fitting,it can be used to predict the expression grade of antigen Ki-67 and indirectly forecasts clinic stages of ductal carcinoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602774

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect of ERCP and PTCD metal stent implantation in the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice.Methods 42 patients who were treated successfully with ERCP biliary metal stent implantation in the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice were selected as the ERCP group,38 patients who were successfully treated with PTCD biliary metal stent implantation in the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice,were selected as the PTCD group.The changes of alanine aminotransferase,aspartate aminotransferase,direct bilirubin,total bilirubin content and complications of patients were compared between two groups.Results On the third day of the ERCP group after operation,alanine aminotransferase,aspartate aminotransferase,direct bilirubin,total bilirubin levels were (203.94 ±12.53)U /L,(180.94 ±17.53)U /L,(185.63 ±17.53)μmol/L,(240.41 ± 18.79)μmol/L respectively,those of the PTCD group were (230.63 ±13.95)U /L,(209.19 ±19.74)U /L,(192.52 ± 16.93)μmol/L,(266.83 ±20.73)μmol/L respectively,which were significantly lower than before operation(all P <0.05).The incidence rate of complications of ERCP group was 4.76%,which was significantly lower than 23.68% of the PTCD group(χ2 =6.02,P <0.05).Conclusion ERCP and PTCD biliary metal stent placement in the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice can effectively relieve the obstruction.The incidence of complications of PTCD is slightly higher in both common complications.

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