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1.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 379-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986018

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the sound insulation, sound absorption and other noise reduction transformation methods in a noise workshop handover control room. Methods: In December 2021, through the occupational health investigation and on-site testing of the handover control room of a noise workshop, the causes of excessive noise were analyzed, and the transformation design scheme to reduce noise was proposed and the effect was analyzed. Results: Before the transformation, the peak frequency band noise intensity of the noise workshop handover control room was 112.8 dB (A), and the peak frequency was 1000 Hz. After noise reduction, the theoretical calculated control value was 61.0 dB (A), and the measured noise intensity was 59.8 dB (A) . Conclusion: The noise intensity of the handover control room is reduced after noise reduction, which is in line with the contact limit requirements of the control room in GBZ 1-2010 "Hygienic Standards for the Design of Industrial Enterprises", and has reference significance for noise control engineering.


Subject(s)
Noise/prevention & control , Occupational Health , Industry , Reference Standards , Hygiene , Noise, Occupational/prevention & control
2.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 339-345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safety of robotic-assisted living donor left lateral segmentectomy (LDLLS) in a large pediatric liver transplant program.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of 45 LDLLS donors and recipients from June 2021 to September 2022.Traditional open donor liver resection (n=30) and robotic-assisted segmentectomy (n=15) were performed.Two groups were compared with regards to operative duration, intraoperative hemorrhage, postoperative healing and postoperative complications.SPSS 21.0 was utilized for statistical analysis.Independent sample T, paired sample T, Wilcoxon rank sum and Chi-square tests were performed for examining the inter-group differences.Results:Operative duration of robot-assisted surgery group was substantially longer than that of traditional open surgery group ( P<0.001). Intraoperative blood loss was less in robot-assisted surgery group was less than that in traditional open surgery group[(106.0±39.8) vs.(251.0±144.8) ml, P=0.001]. Postoperative hospital stay of robot-assisted surgery group was shorter than that of traditional open surgery group[6.0(6.0, 6.0) vs.7.0(6.0, 9.0), P<0.05]. Two cases of postoperative biliary leakage were observed in donor of traditional open surgery group.Among 2 cases of abdominal infection, one was due to biliary leakage from liver section and secondary surgery was then performed.One case of incisional infection and another case of thrombosis occurred in donor of traditional open surgery group.In robot-assisted surgery group, only one donor had amylase elevation.In traditional open surgery group, there were one case of local thrombosis in middle hepatic vein and one case of bile duct stricture.No long-term complications occurred in robot-assisted surgery group during a follow-up period of over 6 months.Finally recipient data analysis indicated that no significant inter-group differences existed in operative duration, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay or postoperative abdominal infection ( P=0.634, P=0.180, P=0.86 and P=0.153). Conclusions:Robotic-assisted LDLLS proves to be be a safe and reliable option for living donor segmentectomy.It is superior to conventional LDLLS in terms of shorter hospital stay, less intraoperative blood loss and fewer postoperative complications.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1943-1950, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981414

ABSTRACT

This work aimed to investigate the differences of pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of four alkaloids in Ermiao Pills and Sanmiao Pills in normal and arthritic model rats. The rat model of arthritis was established by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant, and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) in the positive ion multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode was used for the determination of four alkaloids in plasma and tissues of normal and arthritic rats after administration of Ermiao Pills and Sanmiao Pills, respectively. The differences in pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of the four active components were compared, and the effect of Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix on the major components of Sanmiao Pills was explored. This study established an UPLC-MS/MS for simultaneous determination of four alkaloids, and the specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision, and stability of this method all met the requirements. Pharmacokinetics study found that as compared with normal rats, the AUC and C_(max) of phellodendrine, magnoflorine, berberine and palmatine in model rats were significantly decreased after administration of Ermiao Pills, the clearance rate CL/F was significantly increased, and the distribution and tissue/plasma concentration ratio of the four alkaloids in the liver, kidney, and joint were significantly reduced. Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix increased the AUC of phellodendrine, berberine, and palmatine, reduced the clearance rate, and significantly increased the distribution of the four alkaloids in the liver, kidney, and joints in arthritic rats. However, it had no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of the four alkaloids in normal rats. These results suggest that Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix may play a guiding role in meridian through increasing the tissue distribution of effective components in Sanmiao Pills under arthritis states.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Berberine/pharmacokinetics , Tissue Distribution , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Alkaloids/pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Arthritis
4.
Annals of Dermatology ; : S100-S102, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976674

ABSTRACT

Sintilimab is an anti-programmed cell death receptor-1 antibody. The phase III clinical trial ORIENT-12 confirmed the safety of sintilimab combined with pemetrexed/platinum in the treatment of advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer. Skin reactions are the most commonly reported adverse events of immune checkpoint inhibitors and are rarely severe.We describe a case of toxic epidermal necrolysis related to sintilimab in an elderly oncologic patient. 3 weeks after immunotherapy, the patient developed an extensive rash and diffuse itching, rapidly evolving into macules, blisters, bullae and erosions. Causal evaluation was performed based on the algorithm of drug causality for epidermal necrolysis and national Food and Drug Administration qualitative analysis. The patient responded to high-dose glucocorticosteroid and supportive therapy, alongside with local wound care. If immune checkpoint inhibitors need to be extrapolated clinically, strictly following evidence-based research, promptly detecting and treating adverse reactions is crucial.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1215-1217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976499

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the effect of different courses of budesonide nasal spray on the postoperative efficacy of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy.METHOD: Prospective study. A total of 90 patients(90 eyes)with chronic dacryocystitis who underwent endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy in our hospital from January 2019 to April 2022 were selected, and they were randomly divided into three groups. In group A, 30 patients(30 eyes)continued to use budesonide nasal spray for 2mo after surgery; in group B, 30 patients(30 eyes)continued to use budesonide nasal spray for 3mo after surgery; in group C, 30 patients(30 eyes)continued to use budesonide nasal spray for 4mo after surgery. Follow-up for 6mo after surgery, Lund-Kenndey score, surgical efficacy and complications of the three groups were compared.RESULT: At 3, 4 and 6mo after surgery, the Lund-Kenndey score of group C was lower than that of group A(P&#x003C;0.05), and there was no statistical difference between group C and group B(P&#x003E;0.05). Following up to 6mo, the surgical efficacy of group C was better than that of group A, and the incidence of complications was lower than that of group A(P&#x003C;0.05); There was no statistically significant difference in efficacy and complications between group C and group B(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: Budesonide combined with endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy has acceptable efficacy in the treatment of chronic dacryocystitis. After 3mo of treatment, inflammation can be well controlled, which can reduce the occurrence of postoperative complications and improve the effective rate of surgery. However, increasing the treatment course cannot further improve the effective rate of surgery.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 958-962, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973785

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the efficacy of 25-gauge(25G)vitrectomy combined with intraocular lens transciliary sulcus scleral suture fixation and sutureless scleral tunnel interlamellar fixation in the treatment of complete lens dislocation.METHODS: Retrospective case-control study. A total of 40 patients(40 eyes)diagnosed with complete lens luxation in the vitreous cavity in our hospital from May 2015 to September 2021 were selected, among which 21 eyes(suture group)underwent 25G vitrectomy combined with intraocular lens fixation via ciliary sulci scleral suture, and 19 eyes(sutureless group)underwent 25G vitrectomy combined with interlamellar scleral tunnel fixation of intraocular lens. The patients in both groups were followed up until 3mo after surgery to observe the operative time, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), corneal endothelial cell count(CECC), central corneal thickness(CCT)and postoperative complications.RESULTS: The operation time was significantly shorter in the sutureless group than in the suture group(31.79±6.01min vs. 45.38±8.04min, P&#x003C;0.001). BCVA in both groups was significantly improved after surgery(all P&#x003C;0.05), and the BCVA(LogMAR)at 1wk after operation in the sutureless group was significantly better than that in the suture group(0.32±0.14 vs. 0.57±0.25, P&#x003C;0.001). At 3mo after surgery, CECC in both groups was lower than that before surgery(all P&#x003C;0.01). The CCT at 1wk after operation in the suture group was greater than that before operation and at 3mo after operation(all P&#x003C;0.01), and there was no significant change in CCT before and after surgery in the sutureless group. During follow-up period, the total complication rate in the sutureless group was lower than that in the suture group(26% vs. 38%, P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: 25G vitrectomy combined with intraocular lens sutureless scleral tunnel interlamellar fixation in the treatment of complete lens luxation has shorter operation time, faster postoperative visual acuity improvement and fewer postoperative complications.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 356-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970472

ABSTRACT

This research established a high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of isoorientin, orientin, vitexin, and isovitexin in Commelina communis to conduct content difference analysis and quality evaluation of 62 batches of C. communis from different origins. The HPLC content determination was performed on a Dikma Platisil ODS chromatographic column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid(14∶86) as the mobile phase. The detection wavelength was set at 348 nm, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The differences in origins and quality of 62 batches of C. communis were studied by chemometrics. The results showed that the determination of four components mani-fested a good linear relationship in the range of mass concentration(r>0.999 9), and the average recovery rate was 96.17%-103.0%. The relative standard deviations(RSDs) of precision, stability, and repeatability were all less than 2.0%. The content of four components from high to low was isoorientin>isovitexin>orientin>vitexin. Forty-seven batches of C. communis with clear origins were classified into six categories by chemometrics. C. communis from different origins had different qualities. Generally, C. communis from Western China, Central China, and South of China had superior qualities. The HPLC method established in this study is specific, simple, and efficient, which provides references for the comprehensive evaluation of the quality of C. communis. The chemometrics shows that the qualities of C. communis from different origins are largely different. Isoorientin can be used as an index to determine the content of C. communis, and its content limit should be set no less than 0.023%.


Subject(s)
Commelina , Chemometrics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 146-153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970254

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the epidemiology and hospitalization costs of pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Shanghai. Methods: A retrospective case summary was conducted on 63 614 hospitalized children with CAP in 59 public hospitals in Shanghai from January 2018 to December 2020. These children's medical records, including their basic information, diagnosis, procedures, and costs, were extracted. According to the medical institutions they were admitted, the patients were divided into the children's hospital group, the tertiary general hospital group and the secondary hospital group; according to the age, they were divided into <1 year old group, 1-<3 years old group, 3-<6 years old group, 6-<12 years old group and 12-18 years old group; according to the CAP severity, they were divided into severe pneumonia group and non-severe pneumonia group; according to whether an operation was conducted, the patients were divided into the operation group and the non-operation group. The epidemiological characteristics and hospitalization costs were compared among the groups. The χ2 test or Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for the comparisons between two groups as appropriate, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was conducted for comparisons among multiple groups. Results: A total of 63 614 hospitalized children with CAP were enrolled, including 34 243 males and 29 371 females. Their visiting age was 4 (2, 6) years. The length of stay was 6 (5, 8) days. There were 17 974 cases(28.3%) in the secondary hospital group, 35 331 cases (55.5%) in the tertiary general hospital group and 10 309 cases (16.2%) in the children's hospital group. Compared with the hospitalizations cases in 2018 (27 943), the cases in 2019 (29 009) increased by 3.8% (1 066/27 943), while sharply declined by 76.2% (21 281/27 943) in 2020 (6 662). There were significant differences in the proportion of patients from other provinces and severe pneumonia cases, and the hospitalization costs among the children's hospital, secondary hospital and tertiary general hospital (7 146 cases(69.3%) vs. 2 202 cases (12.3%) vs. 9 598 cases (27.2%), 6 929 cases (67.2%) vs. 2 270 cases (12.6%) vs. 9 397 cases (26.6%), 8 304 (6 261, 11 219) vs. 1 882 (1 304, 2 796) vs. 3 195 (2 364, 4 352) CNY, χ2=10 462.50, 9 702.26, 28 037.23, all P<0.001). The annual total hospitalization costs of pediatric CAP from 2018 to 2020 were 110 million CNY, 130 million CNY and 40 million CNY, respectively. And the cost for each hospitalization increased year by year, which was 2 940 (1 939, 4 438), 3 215 (2 126, 5 011) and 3 673 (2 274, 6 975) CNY, respectively. There were also significant differences in the hospitalization expenses in the different age groups of <1 year old, 1-<3 years old, 3-<6 years old, 6-<12 years old and 12-18 years old (5 941 (2 787, 9 247) vs. 2 793 (1 803, 4 336) vs. 3 013 (2 070, 4 329) vs. 3 473 (2 400, 5 097) vs. 4 290 (2 837, 7 314) CNY, χ2=3 462.39, P<0.001). The hospitalization cost of severe pneumonia was significantly higher than that of non-severe cases (5 076 (3 250, 8 364) vs. 2 685 (1 780, 3 843) CNY, Z=109.77, P<0.001). The cost of patients who received operation was significantly higher than that of whom did not (10 040 (4 583, 14 308) vs. 3 083 (2 025, 4 747) CNY, Z=44.46, P<0.001). Conclusions: The number of children hospitalized with CAP in Shanghai decreased significantly in 2020 was significantly lower than that in 2018 and 2019.The proportion of patients from other provinces and with severe pneumonia are mainly admitted in children's hospitals. Hospitalization costs are higher in children's hospitals, and also for children younger than 1 year old, severe cases and patients undergoing operations.


Subject(s)
Infant , Female , Male , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Community-Acquired Infections/therapy , Hospitals, Pediatric , Pneumonia/therapy
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 273-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969834

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the causes and management of long-term persistent pelvic presacral space infection. Methods: Clinical data of 10 patients with persistent presacral infection admitted to the Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2015 to October 2020 were collected. Different surgical approaches were used to treat the presacral infection according to the patients' initial surgical procedures. Results: Among the 10 patients, there were 2 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for cervical cancer, 3 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for rectal cancer Dixons, and 5 cases of presacral recurrent infection of sinus tract after adjuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer Miles. Of the 5 patients with leaky bowel, 4 had complete resection of the ruptured nonfunctional bowel and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision with a large tipped omentum filling the presacral space; 1 had continuous drainage of the anal canal and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision. 5 post-Miles patients all had debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision combined with an abdominal incision. The nine patients with healed presacral infection recovered from surgery in 26 to 210 days, with a median time of 55 days. Conclusions: Anterior sacral infections in patients with leaky gut are caused by residual bowel secretion of intestinal fluid into the anterior sacral space, and in post-Miles patients by residual anterior sacral foreign bodies. An anterior sacral caudal transverse arc incision combined with an abdominal incision is an effective surgical approach for complete debridement of anterior sacral recalcitrant infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reinfection , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Drainage , Anal Canal/surgery , Pelvic Infection
10.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 178-182, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981926

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Static progressive stretch (SPS) can be applied to treat chronic joint stiffness. However, the impacts of subacute application of SPS to the distal lower limbs, where deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is common, on venous thromboembolism remain unclear. This study aims to explore the risk of venous thromboembolism events following subacute application of SPS.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients diagnosed with DVT following a lower extremity orthopedic surgery before being transferred to the rehabilitation ward from May 2017 to May 2022. Patients with unilateral lower limb comminuted para-articular fractures, transferred to rehabilitation ward for further treatment within 3 weeks after operation, followed up more than 12 weeks since initial manual physiotherapy, and diagnosed DVT by ultrasound before rehabilitation course were included in the study. Patients with polytrauma, without evidence of previous peripheral vascular disease or incompetence, had medication for thrombosis treatment or prophylaxis before the operation, detected with paralysis due to nervous system impairment, infected after operation during the regime, or with acute progression of DVT were excluded. The included patients were randomized to the standard physiotherapy and the SPS integrated groups for observation. Associated DVT and pulmonary embolism data were collected during the physiotherapy course to compare the groups. SSPS 28.0 and GraphPad Prism 9 were used for data processing. A p < 0.05 was set significant difference.@*RESULTS@#In total of 154 patients with DVT participating in this study, 75 of them were treated with additional SPS for postoperative rehabilitation. The participants in the SPS group showed improved range of motion (12.3° ± 6.7°). However, in the SPS group, there was no difference in thrombosis volume between the start and termination (p = 0.106, p = 0.787, respectively), although difference was seen intra-therapy (p < 0.001). Contingency analysis revealed the pulmonary embolism incidence (OR = 0.703) in the SPS group compared to the mean physiotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The SPS technique is a safe and reliable option to prevent potential joint stiffness without aggravating the risk of distal DVT for postoperative patients suffering from relevant trauma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Pulmonary Embolism/complications , Lower Extremity , Risk Factors
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 662-668, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of a modified three-point bending fracture device for establishing a rabbit model of closed tibial fracture.@*METHODS@#The model of closed tibial fracture was established in 40 6-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits with a body weight of 2.5 to 3.0 kg, and the model was verified at 6 weeks after operation. Five rabbits underwent pre modeling without temporary external fixation before modeling, and then were fractured with a modified three-point bending fracture device;35 rabbits underwent formal modeling. Before modeling, needles were inserted, and splints were fixed externally, and then the fracture was performed with a modified three-point bending fracture device. The fracture model and healing process were evaluated by imaging and histopathology at 2 hours, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks after operation.@*RESULTS@#Two hours after modeling, the prefabricated module showed oblique fracture in varying degrees and the broken end shifted significantly;Except for 1 comminuted fracture, 2 curved butterfly fractures and 2 without obvious fracture line, the rest were simple transverse and oblique fractures without obvious displacement in formal modeling group. According to the judgment criteria, the success rate of the model was 85.71%. Four weeks after modeling, the fixed needle and splint of the experimental rabbits were in good position, the fracture alignment was good, the fracture line was blurred, many continuous callus growths could be seen around the fracture end, and the callus density was high. Six weeks after modeling, many thick new bone trabeculae at the fracture, marginal osteoblasts attached, and a small number of macrophages were seen under the microscope. The intramembrane osteogenesis area was in the preparation bone stage, the medullary cavity at the fracture had been partially reopened, the callus was in the absorption plastic stage, and many osteoclasts were visible. The X-ray showed that the fracture line almost disappeared, part of the medullary cavity had been opened, the external callus was reduced around, the callus was in the plastic stage, and the bone cortex was continuous. It suggests that the fracture model showed secondary healing.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved three-point bending fracture device can establish a stable rabbit model of closed tibial fracture, and the operation is simple, which meets the requirements of closed fracture model in basic research related to fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Male , Animals , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Osteogenesis , Radiography
12.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 661-665, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the abnormal brain metabolic pattern and connectivity in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients.Methods:18F-FDG PET images of 75 patients diagnosed as drug resistant unilateral TLE from January 2014 to December 2016 in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University were collected retrospectively, including 41 (22 males, 19 females, age (28.4±8.7) years) left TLE (LTLE) and 34 (13 males, 21 females, age (28.5±8.8) years) right TLE (RTLE). Forty-four healthy controls (24 males, 20 females, age (31.2±6.2) years) were also enrolled. The cerebral glucose metabolism in TLE patients and the controls were analyzed with statistical parametric mapping (SPM) 12. The brain connectivity based on glucose metabolism were analyzed with bilateral hippocampus and amygdala as seeds. Permutation test with 1 000 permutations was used to analyze data. Results:Compared to control group, in both LTLE and RTLE groups, hypometabolism was found in affected hippocampus, amygdala, insula and temporal gyrus and hypermetabolism was observed in health hippocampus, parahippocampal gyrus, amygdala, lenticular nucleus and thalamus. In addition, hypometabolism was also found in affected superior/middle frontal gyrus and hypermetabolism was also found in bilateral frontal-orbital gyrus, bilateral cerebellum, affected lenticular nucleus and thalamus in LTLE group. In both TLE groups, affected seeds exhibited increased connectivity with affected superior frontal gyrus, lingual gyrus, fusiform gyrus, superior/middle temporal gyrus and temporal pole (all P<0.05); affected seeds exhibited increased connectivity with health superior frontal gyrus ( P=0.005), lingual gyrus ( P=0.018) and transverse temporal gyrus ( P=0.016) in RTLE group in addition. Besides, affected seeds exhibited decreased connectivity with bilateral default mode network (DMN) (all P<0.05), affected caudate nucleus ( P=0.015) and health thalamus ( P=0.008), in a uniform distribution pattern in LTLE group, and with bilateral cerebral cortex in an irregular distribution pattern in RTLE group (all P<0.05). In LTLE group, health seeds exhibited more increased connections with superior ( P=0.005)/middle frontal gyrus ( P=0.042), health hippocampus ( P=0.038), parahippocampal gyrus ( P=0.019), amygdala ( P=0.038), posterior cingulate gyrus ( P=0.004), and bilateral fusiform gyrusand ( P=0.048) compared with RTLE group; while, in RTLE group, health seeds exhibited more decreased connections with health superior ( P=0.047), inferior frontal gyrus ( P<0.001), orbital frontal gyrus ( P<0.001) and rectus gyrus ( P=0.016) compared with LTLE group. Conclusion:Altered brain glucose metabolism and connectivity pattern are found and will elucidate the underlying metabolic pattern of TLE.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 677-679, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922990

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the prognostic value of DIP endoscopic scoring system for simultaneous operation of chronic dacryocystitis complicated with sinusitis.METHODS: From January 2018 to February 2021, 96 patients(96 eyes)with chronic dacryocystitis complicated with sinusitis who underwent nasal endoscopic sinus surgery and dacryocystorhinostomy were enrolled in a prospective single-blind study. Patients were examined by nasal endoscopy and recorded video to get DIP endoscopic score before operation. The patients were followed-up for 6mo, and the curative effect was based on the results of the last follow-up. The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC curve)was drawn according to DIP endoscopic scoring system and postoperative curative effect, and the value of DIP endoscopic scoring system in predicting the prognosis of nasal endoscopic sinus surgery combined with dacryocystorhinostomy was evaluated. According to the best cutoff value obtained by ROC curve analysis, patients were analyzed in subgroups, and the age and sex constituent ratio of two groups were compared. RESULTS: Among the 96 eyes with chronic dacryocystitis complicated with sinusitis, 86 eyes(90%)were cured, 4 eyes(4%)were improved, and 6 eyes(6%)were invalid. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve(AUC)of DIP endoscopic score for predicting the curative effect of nasal endoscopic sinus surgery combined with dacryocystorhinostomy was 0.905. When Yoden index reached its peak, the DIP endoscopy score was 16.5 as the best cutoff value. At the same time, the sensitivity was 80.0% and the specificity was 86.0%. In the subgroup analysis, there was no significant difference in age and sex constituent ratio between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05); The surgical efficiency of patients with DIP endoscopic score <16.5 was better than the patients with DIP endoscopic score ≥16.5(<i>P</i><0.05).CONCLUSION: DIP endoscopic scoring system has a good predictive value for the prognosis of endoscopic of transnasal endoscopic sinus opening combined with dacryocystorhinostomy.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 112-114, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906743

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate efficacy, safety and complications of 25G vitrectomy, phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixated intraocular lens(IOL)implantation for treatment of lens luxation.<p>METHODS: Totally 20 patients(20 eyes)with complete lens luxation and the hardness of lens nucleus was grade 3 or above who underwent 25G vitrectomy, phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixated IOL implantation between May 2018 and December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The uncorrected visual acuity, best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, the count of corneal endothelium cell, central corneal thickness and complications were observed. <p>RESULTS: The uncorrected visual acuity and best corrected visual acuity after operation were improved than those before treatment(<i>P</i><0.05). The number of corneal endothelial cells in the central part of cornea after operation was lower than that before operation(<i>P</i> >0.05). There was no significant difference in central corneal thickness 2wk after operation compared with that before operation(<i>P</i> >0.05). There were 3 cases of low intraocular pressure and 2 cases of high intraocular pressure, but they all returned to normal at the end of follow-up. The IOL were all centered and there were no obvious eccentricity and inclination. No other complications such as vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment occurred.<p>CONCLUSION: 25G vitrectomy, phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixated IOL implantation is a fast, safe and simple method for the treatment of complete lens luxation.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2087-2100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936568

ABSTRACT

Based on the research system of computer-aided drug design combined with complex network analysis, the potential mechanism of Dunhuang Dabupi Decoction in preventing and treating gastric cancer (GC) is analyzed, and the scientific connotation of its prescription rules is explored through the efficacy grouping. To study the effect of Dabupi Decoction freeze-dried powder solution on the proliferation activity of gastric cancer cells through cell experiments; the TCMSP and TCMID databases were used to collect the compound components of Dabupi Decoction. Swiss Target Prediction is used to predict potential targets of compounds. DrugBank, GeneCards, TTD, and DisGeNET were used to collect potential targets for gastric cancer. Analyze protein interactions of potential targets through the STRING database. DAVID database was used for KEGG enrichment analysis; Dabupi Decoction was divided into Wenzhong group (dried ginger), Yiqi group (ginseng, licorice, Atractylodes macrocephala), nourishing Yin group (Ophiopogon japonicus, Schisandra) and Jiangni group according to its efficacy characteristics. The inverse group (inula) has 4 functional compatibility groups. Cytoscape was used to construct a network of "medicinal flavor-potential active ingredient-key target" respectively, and the network was used to analyze the scientific connotation of the compatibility of efficacy groups. The Schrödinger software was used to verify the molecular docking of the core components and the core targets. The material basis of the Dabupi Decoction to prevent and treat gastric cancer was discovered through the combination of pattern analysis and combined free energy calculation. The core drug was analyzed from the perspective of dynamics through molecular dynamics simulation. Potential targets and representative potential compounds interact with each other. Cell experiments confirmed that Dabupitang freeze-dried powder solution can down-regulate the mitochondrial membrane potential of AGS gastric cancer cells, block the cell cycle in the G0/G1 phase (P < 0.05), and inhibit its proliferation (P < 0.05). The pathways enriched by the four functional groups contained in Dabupi Decoction are mainly distributed in the body's energy metabolism, inflammation-immune system regulation, and cycle-apoptotic functions. Each module is connected by a common target gene and has its own focus. The results of molecular docking showed that the compounds liquiritigenin, quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, methylophiopogonanone A, etc. may be the effective multi-target components of Dabupi Decoction. Estrogen receptor 1, androgen receptor, ATP-binding cassette superfamily G member 2, epidermal growth factor receptor, glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta and other targets have good affinity with each potential active compound, which may be a potential target of Dabupi Decoction for preventing and treating gastric cancer. Among them, kaempferol and the drug target EGFR not only have good binding ability, but also have good binding stability. This study is based on computer-aided drug design combined with complex network analysis strategies to initially reveal the material basis and molecular mechanism of Dabupi Decoction in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer. It also explores the scientific connotation of Dabupi Decoction in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer with different efficacy groups, and its clinical application provide chemical bioinformatics basis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 377-381, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical efficacy, advantages, and disadvantages of adaptive biofeedback training combined with oral administration of compound polyethylene glycol 4000-electrolyte powder in the treatment of children with outlet obstruction constipation (OOC).@*METHODS@#A total of 168 children with OOC were enrolled in this prospective study. All the subjects were randomly divided into a test group and a control group based on the order of visiting time, 84 in each group. The test group was treated with adaptive biofeedback training combined with oral administration of compound polyethylene glycol 4000-electrolyte powder, and the control group was treated with oral administration of compound polyethylene glycol 4000-electrolyte powder alone. Eleven children in the test group and two children in the control group withdrew from the study since they could not finish the whole treatment course. Finally, 73 children in the test group and 82 children in the control group were included in this analysis. As clinical outcomes, the total score of clinical symptoms and overall response rate were compared between the two groups at weeks 4 and 8 of treatment.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the total score of clinical symptoms between the two groups at beginning of treatment and at week 4 (P>0.05), while the test group had a significantly lower total score of clinical symptoms than the control group at week 8 (P<0.05). At week 4, there was no significant difference in overall response rate between the two groups (P>0.05), while the test group had a significantly higher overall response rate than the control group at week 8 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Adaptive biofeedback training combined with oral administration of compound polyethylene glycol 4000-electrolyte powder is significantly associated with improvement of clinical outcomes in the treatment of children with OOC.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Administration, Oral , Biofeedback, Psychology , Constipation/drug therapy , Electrolytes/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Powders/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 776-782, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941352

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on long-term cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: This is a single-center, prospective cohort study. Between June 2015 to January 2020, consecutive ACS patients hospitalized at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University were enrolled. All patients underwent portable sleep breathing monitoring, and they were then divided into moderate/severe OSA group (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)≥15 events/hour) and no/mild OSA group (AHI<15 events/hour). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke, ischemia-driven revascularization and hospital admission for unstable angina or heart failure. MACCE were compared yearly by the log-rank test. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the independent predictors of MACCE. Results: A total of 1 927 patients with ACS were enrolled, including 1 629 males (84.5%), aged (56.4±10.5) years. Moderate/severe OSA was present in 1 014 (52.6%) patients. Compared with no/mild OSA group, moderate/severe OSA group exhibited a higher body mass index (P<0.05). Hypertension, prior PCI were more prevalent in moderate/severe OSA group (both P<0.05). The difference of ACS category between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.021). The rate of patients who underwent PCI and the number of stents were higher in the moderate/severe OSA group. During a 5-year follow-up (median 2.9 years (IQR 1.5-3.6 years)), the cumulative incidence of MACCE was significantly higher in the moderate/severe OSA group than in the no/mild OSA group (34.0% vs. 24.0%, HR=1.346, 95%CI 1.100-1.646, log-rank P=0.004). The cumulative incidence of MACCE remained statistically higher at 4 and 5 year in the moderate/severe OSA group as compared to the no/mild OSA group (33.3% vs. 22.9%, HR=1.397, 95%CI 1.141-1.710, log-rank P=0.001; 34.0% vs. 24.0%, HR=1.341, 95%CI 1.096-1.640, log-rank P=0.004, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that moderate/severe OSA (HR=1.312, 95%CI 1.054-1.631, P=0.015) was an independent predictor of long-term MACCE in ACS patients. Conclusions: Moderate/severe OSA is observed in more than 52% ACS patients. Moderate/severe OSA is an independent predictor of long-term MACCE.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 216-224, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905852

ABSTRACT

Intestinal Peyer's patches (PPs) are local immune tissues of the intestine, which are considered to be the main induction site of the intestinal mucosal immune response, and closely related to immune-related refractory enteropathies, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. In recent years, more and more scholars have tried to find a new breakthrough for treating refractory enteropathies with a limited efficacy of clinical interventions through in-depth study of the relationship between PPs and enteropathy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) polysaccharides are considered to be a key component for immune regulation with TCM. Modern studies show that TCM polysaccharides have a significant positive intervention effect on the structure and function of PPs, with good development prospects. Based on this, this paper focuses on PPs and intestinal-related diseases, and systematically introduces the physiological structure of PPs and their drug delivery mechanism, and summarizes the interactions of PPs with effect on immune-related enteropathies, analyze of current studies and prospects of effect of TCM polysaccharides in intervening intestinal disease and its dysfunction by regulating PPs, with the aim to provide new strategies for basic studies and clinical treatment of immune-related refractory enteropathies from the perspective of PPs, and new ideas for basic studies and clinical studies on effect of TCM polysaccharides in intervening enteropathies.

19.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886078

ABSTRACT

In order to meet the needs of detection of poisoning-inducing pesticides occurring in poisoning emergency events, this article introduces and discusses the characteristics, scope of application, and advantages and disadvantages of two types of detection technologies: laboratory detection and on-site rapid detection. The sample pre-processing technology suitable for on-site detection is also elaborated.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 15-23, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878905

ABSTRACT

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma was first recorded in Shennong Ben Cao Jing, with a wide range of pharmacological activities. Autoimmune disease is a kind of disease that damages the tissue structure and function of immune cells and their components due to the impairment of immune tolerance function, including atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune thyroiditis, ulcerative colitis, type 1 diabetes and IgA nephropathy. In recent years, clinical and experimental studies show that Rhei Radix et Rhizoma has potential therapeutic effects on autoimmune diseases. Under the guidance of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, this paper reviews therapeutic and intervening effects of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and its main active ingredient anthraquinone on autoimmune diseases. It also puts forward new study directions in view of the existing problems in studies of rhubarb and its anthraquinone, with the aim to provide reference for clinical treatment and scientific studies of effect of Rhei Radix et Rhizomaon autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthraquinones , Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rheum , Rhizome
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