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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 225-229, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913115

ABSTRACT

OBJE CTIVE To mine and analyze t he cardiac adverse drug reaction (ADR)signals induced by febuxostat in post-marketing experience ,and to provide reference for rational drug use in clinic. METHODS Reporting odds ratio (ROR) method was used to mine the ADR signals induced by febuxostat from the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System during the first quarter of 2009 to the fourth quarter of 2020;the information of cardiac disease signals was counted and analyzed. RESULTS A total of 209 ADR signals were detected in 8 282 adverse drug event (ADE)reports with febuxostat as the primary suspected drug , involving 27 cardiac signals and 754 ADE reports. The most reported signals were symptoms (262 reports),including dizziness , oedema peripheral,chest pain ,palpitations and gravitational oedema and so on ,followed by coronary atherosclerotic heart disease signal,heart failure signal ,arrhythmia signal ,sudden cardiac death signal (233,157,90,12 reports,respectively). More than half of the signals were mentioned in the drug instructions ,while the unmentioned signals were mainly kinds of cardiac failure , arrhythmia and extrasystoles ,etc. The patients with cardiac ADEs who received febuxostat were more male than female ,and the age was 60 and over ;the drug dosage was mostly 40 mg/d or 80 mg/d as recommended in the drug instructions ,and cardiac ADEs mostly occurred within 1 month of medication. CONCLUSIONS Routine attention should be paid to the cardiac safety of febuxostat during medication ,further evaluation and validation of febuxostat-induced cardiac ADR signals are still needed.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 754-759, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the related mechanism of miRNA-34a (miR-34a) reverses cisplatin resistance of osteosarcoma through targeted inhibition of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1).Methods:The MG-63 cisplatin-resistant cell line (MG-63/DDP) was constructed by using dose escalation and intermittent action, and then the successfully constructed MG-63/DDP cells were treated with different concentrations of cisplatin (0, 1, 5, 10, 20, 30 μg/ml), and CCK-8 method was used to detect cell survival rate. The MG-63/DDP cells were transfected respectively and then randomly divided into two groups: the miR-34a overexpression vector group and the miR-34a empty expression vector (miR-34a-NC) group. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the relative expression level of miR-34a. Transfected cells were treated with different concentrations of cisplatin (0, 1, 5, 10, 20, 30 μg/ml), and CCK-8 method was used to detect cell survival rate, flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment was used to verify whether miR-34a regulated the expression of HMGB1, and Western blotting method was used to detect the HMGB1 protein expression level of the transfected cells. MG-63/DDP cells were transfected respectively and then randomly divided into two groups: HMGB1 gene silencing vector (si-HMGB1) group and its negative control vector (si-NC) group. Western blotting method was used to detect HMGB1 protein expression level and CCK-8 method was used to detect cell survival rate.Results:The MG-63/DDP cell line was successfully constructed. The survival rate of MG-63/DDP cells was higher than that of MG-63 cells when cells were treated with different concentrations of cisplatin (all P < 0.01), and half inhibitory concentration ( IC50) value of MG-63/DDP cells and MG-63 cells on cisplatin was 25.80 μg/ml and 0.47 μg/ml, respectively. qRT-PCR results showed that the relative expression level of miR-34a in MG-63/DDP cells was lower than that in MG-63 cells (0.46±0.04 vs. 1.02±0.05, t = 15.14, P < 0.01); compared with miR-34a-NC group, the relative expression of miR-34a in MG-63/DDP cells was increased in miR-34a overexpression vector group (1.67±0.09 vs. 1.00±0.02, t = -12.58, P < 0.01). Cell survival rate of miR-34a overexpression vector group and miR-34a-NC group was decreased with the increase in the concentration of cisplatin; cell survival rate of miR-34a overexpression vector group was lower than that of miR-34a-NC group when cells were treated with different concentrations of 5- 30 μg/ml cisplatin (all P < 0.01). The apoptotic rate of MG-63/DDP cells in miR-34a-NC group and miR-34a overexpression vector group was (25.1±1.7)% and (42.3±2.3)%, respectively when cells were treated with 20 μg/ml cisplatin; and in miR-34a overexpression vector group, MG-63/DDP cells had a higher rate of apoptosis ( P < 0.01). The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment results showed that compared with miR-34a-NC group, miR-34a overexpression vector group could inhibit the luciferase activity of PGL3- wild-type-HMGB1, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 6.37, P < 0.01), while miR-34a overexpression vector group had no significant inhibitory effect on the luciferase activity of PGL3- mutant-HMGB1 ( t = 0.35, P = 0.74). The relative expression level of HMGB1 protein in miR-34a overexpression vector group was lower than that in miR-34a-NC group (0.43±0.02 vs. 1.00±0.14, t = 6.98, P < 0.01). Compared with si-NC group, the relative expression level and IC50 value of HMGB1 protein in si-HMGB1 group were reduced (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Overexpression of miR-34a can enhance the chemosensitivity of osteosarcoma cells MG-63/DDP to cisplatin, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of HMGB1 expression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912193

ABSTRACT

Data of 7 patients with complex benign esophageal strictures (CBESs) who underwent endoscopic longitudinal incision combined with local injection of bleomycin were retrospectively reviewed at Air Force Medical Center from August 2018 to November 2019.The length of preoperative esophageal stenosis was 4-14 cm and the minimum diameter of esophageal stenosis was 0.2-0.4 cm in 7 cases. The procedure was successful for all 7 patients.No adverse events occurred during 5-14 months of follow-up period.Restenosis and dysphagia occurred in 5 cases.The interval between the first endoscopic treatment and the recurrence of esophageal stenosis was 30-120 days.Among the 5 cases of recurrence, 4 cases remained unobstructed after 2 treatments and 1 case remained unobstructed after 4 treatments. The dysphagia scores of 7 patients were graded from 0 to 1 by the end of follow-up. Endoscopic longitudinal incision combined with bleomycin therapy in treatment of CBESs is safe and effective.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 26-30, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein and carotid intima-media thickness.Methods:A total of 5 136 health examination subjects, aged ≥40 years old, who met the inclusion criteria and had complete data, were selected as the research objects.A unified questionnaire survey, blood biochemistry and carotid artery color doppler ultrasound examination were performed.According to the diagnostic criteria of hs-CRP published by American Heart Association (AHA), the subjects were divided into three groups: 0.05 mg/L<hs-CRP<1.00 mg/L, 1.00 mg/L≤ hs-CRP<3.00 mg/L, and hs-CRP≥ 3.00-10.00 mg/L.Stepwise linear regression, χ 2 trend test and stepwise regression analysis were used to explore the correlation between hs-CRP and CIMT. Results:(1)Five thousand one hundred and thirty-six patients were enrolled, including 3 048 males and 2 088 females, aged (54.87±11.65) years.(2) Taking CIMT as the dependent variable and hs-CRP (converted by Lg)as the independent variable, the stepwise linear regression analysis using the entry method showed that there was a linear correlation between hs-CRP and CIMT, and the standard regression coefficient was 1.107( P<0.01). (3) According to this study, CIMT was divided into two groups, CIMT≤ 0.84 mm group and CIMT>0.84 mm group.The results showed that when the concentration of hs-CRP was high, CIMT increased with the increase of hs-CRP( OR(95% CI) 1.24 (1.01~1.52), P<0.05). Conclusion:There was a positive correlation between hs-CRP and CIMT.Patients with higher levels of hs-CRP are more likely to develop CIMT thickening and increase the risk of arteriosclerotic disease.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of implicit memory and its related factors in schizophrenic patients with negative and positive symptoms.Methods:Ninety-three schizophrenic patients (including 52 cases of negative symptoms group and 41 cases of positive symptoms group) and 30 normal controls (normal group) were tested with the method of Chinese character word completion method. The reaction time and correct rate were recorded and compared with analysis of variance and t-test, and the correlation with demographic factors was analyzed with Pearson correlation analysis. Results:Accuracy of implicit memory test in schizophrenia group: there were statistically significant differences in the accuracy of patients with different course of disease (≤5 years: (38±5)%, 5-15 years: (34±8)%, ≥15 years: (34±7)%, P<0.05).The differences were statistically significant in the accuracy of patients with different education levels(primary school: (35±6)%, junior and senior high school: (34±7)%, secondary college education and above: (39±5)%, P<0.05).The accuracy of patients with education years < 10 years ((34±7)%) was significantly lower than those with education years ≥10 years ((37±6)%, P<0.05).Reaction time results of implicit memory test in schizophrenia group : there were significant differences in reaction time of patients with different disease course(≤5 years: (3 248±971)ms, 5-15 years: (3 515±672)ms, ≥15 years: (3 925±842)ms, P<0.05).The differences were statistically significant in the reaction time of workers ((3 495±712)ms), farmers ((3 870±878)ms) and soldiers ((3 024±924)ms, P<0.05).The reaction time of patients with clozapine ((3 869±871)ms) was significantly higher than that of patients with olanzapine ((3 393±626)ms, P<0.05).Intergroup results of accuracy: the accuracy of normal control group ((40±5)%) was significantly higher than that of negative symptom group ((33±7)%, P<0.01).The accuracy of negative symptom group was significantly lower than that of positive symptom group ((37±6)%, P<0.01).Intergroup reaction time results: the reaction time of normal control group ((2 660±667)ms) was significantly lower than that of negative symptom group ((3 678±951)ms, P<0.01) and positive symptom group ((3 072±865)ms, P<0.05).The reaction time of negative symptom group ((3 678±951)ms)was significantly higher than that of positive symptom group( P<0.01).There was significant negative correlation between the accuracy of implicit memory and the course of disease in schizophrenia ( r=-0.22, P<0.05). Conclusion:The implicit memory of schizophrenic patients is related to the course of disease, taking drugs, and occupation.There may have differences in implicit memory between patients with negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia.

6.
Mycobiology ; : 297-307, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895045

ABSTRACT

A cordycipitoid fungus infecting Hepialidae sp. in Nepal was supposed to be identical to Cordyceps liangshanensis, originally described from southwestern China, and thus, transferred to the genus Metacordyceps or Papiliomyces in previous studies. However, our multi-gene (nrSSU-nrLSU-tef-1α-rpb1-rpb2) phylogenetic and morphological studies based on the type specimen and additional collections of C. liangshanensis revealed that the fungus belongs to the genus Ophiocordyceps (Ophiocordycipitaceae). Therefore, a new combination O. liangshanensis was made, and a detailed description of this species was provided.

7.
Mycobiology ; : 297-307, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902749

ABSTRACT

A cordycipitoid fungus infecting Hepialidae sp. in Nepal was supposed to be identical to Cordyceps liangshanensis, originally described from southwestern China, and thus, transferred to the genus Metacordyceps or Papiliomyces in previous studies. However, our multi-gene (nrSSU-nrLSU-tef-1α-rpb1-rpb2) phylogenetic and morphological studies based on the type specimen and additional collections of C. liangshanensis revealed that the fungus belongs to the genus Ophiocordyceps (Ophiocordycipitaceae). Therefore, a new combination O. liangshanensis was made, and a detailed description of this species was provided.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881053

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating pulmonary circulation disease lacking high-efficiency therapeutics. The present study aims to decipher the therapeutic mechanism of Rhodiola crenulata, a well-known traditional chinese medicine with cardiopulmonary protection capacity, on PAH by exploiting functional lipidomics. The rat model with PAH was successfully established for first, following Rhodiola crenulata water extract (RCE) treatment, then analysis of chemical constituents of RCE was performed, additional morphologic, hemodynamic, echocardiographic measurements were examined, further targeted lipidomics assay was performed to identify differential lipidomes, at last accordingly mechanism assay was done by combining qRT-PCR, Western blot and ELISA. Differential lipidomes were identified and characterized to differentiate the rats with PAH from healthy controls, mostly assigned to acylcarnitines, phosphatidylcholines, sphingomyelin associated with the PAH development. Excitingly, RCE administration reversed high level of decadienyl-L-carnitine by the modulation of metabolic enzyme CPT1A in mRNA and protein level in serum and lung in the rats with PAH. Furthermore, RCE was observed to reduce autophagy, confirmed by significantly inhibited PPARγ, LC3B, ATG7 and upregulated p62, and inactivated LKB1-AMPK signal pathway. Notably, we accurately identified the constituents in RCE, and delineated the therapeutic mechansim that RCE ameliorated PAH through inhibition of fatty acid oxidation and autophagy. Altogether, RCE might be a potential therapeutic medicine with multi-targets characteristics to prevent the progression of PAH. This novel findings pave a critical foundation for the use of RCE in the treatment of PAH.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 335-339, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level of Ki-67 in the bone marrow biopsy of newly diagnosed MM patients, and its relationship with clinical efficacy and prognosis.Methods:Bone marrow pathological samples of 124 newly diagnosed MM patients in Jiangsu Province Hospital from January 2012 to June 2017 were collected. The expression level of Ki-67 in myeloma cells was detected by using immunohistochemistry. X-tile software was applied to find a cutoff of Ki-67. The patients were divided into the high Ki-67 expression group and the low Ki-67 expression group, and the clinical characteristics, therapeutic efficacy and survival of both groups were compared. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used to analyze the counting data. Kaplan-Meier method was applied to make survival anlaysis. Cox regression model was used for univariate prognostic analysis and multivariate prognostic analysis.Results:A total of 124 newly diagnosed MM patients were enrolled with median follow-up of 36 months. The proportion of the positive myeloma cells in abnormal plasmocytes was used to quantize the expression level of Ki-67. Using a cutoff of 20%, these cases could be divided into two groups; the proportion of positive cells was lower than 20% (the low Ki-67 expression group) and the proportion of positive cells was 20% or above (the high Ki-67 expression group). There were 27 cases (21.7%) in the high expression group and 97 cases (78.2%) in the low expression group. There were no statistically significant differences in the clinical characteristics and treatment regimens (all P > 0.05). The overall remission rate (ORR) of patients in the high Ki-67 expression group was lower than that of patients in the low Ki-67 expression group [59.3% (16/27) vs. 83.5% (81/97)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 7.290, P = 0.007). The percentage of patients who achieved very good partial remission (VGPR) and complete remission in the high Ki-67 expression group was lower than that of those in the low Ki-67 expression group [33.3% (9/27) vs. 66.0% (64/97)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 9.297, P = 0.002). There were statistically significant differences in the median progression free survival (PFS) time (12.0 months vs. 31.0 months, P < 0.01) and 3-year PFS rate (10% vs. 37%, P = 0.002). The median overall survival (OS) time was 39.0 months and 56.5 months in the high and low Ki-67 expression groups, respectively ( P = 0.003). The multivariate analysis showed that high Ki-67 expression was an independent affecting factor for PFS ( HR = 3.592, 95% CI 1.921-6.719, P < 0.01) and OS ( HR = 3.511, 95% CI 1.537-8.022, P = 0.003). Conclusions:High expression of Ki-67 is an independent poor prognostic factor affecting therapeutic effect and survival for newly diagnosed MM patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the frequencies, citations and distribution characteristics of publications published by Chinese scholars in four leading general medical journals in last decade.Methods:The Thomson-Reuter’s Web of Science (WoS) database was searched to retrieve publications published by Chinese scholars in NEJM, Lancet, JAMA and BMJ, and document type was set to Article, Editorial Material, Review and Letter between 2009 and 2018. The frequencies and characteristics of total and first author publications were analyzed. Results:A total number of 1 357 publications were identified, among which first author publications accounted for 62.64% (850/1 357). Overall trends presented fluctuating growth from 72 publications in 2009 to 97 in 2018. Among these 850 publications, there were 131 Articles (15.4%), 210 Editorial Materials (24.7%), 22 Reviews (2.6%) and 487 Letters (57.3%). The three most productive regions included Beijing (224), Hong Kong (133) and Shanghai (101). The three most productive institutions were the Chinese University of Hong Kong (64), Peking Union Medical College/Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (54) and Peking University (50). In terms of publications supported by funds, the most common fund was National Natural Science Foundation of China, which accounted for 24.7% (44/178). China had a close cooperation with the USA, UK, Australia, Canada and Japan.Conclusions:Currently available study demonstrated that publications published by Chinese scholars in four leading general medical journals had a stable growth during last decade. However, the total amount of publications and Articles were still low. For future work, the frequency and strength should be potentiated on the research fund and cooperation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transfected with therapeutic gene early growth reactive protein 1 (Egr1)-sodium/iodine symporter (NIS) and carrying gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), and to investigate the feasibility of Egr1 in promoting NIS expression and the radiasensitization effect of AuNPs.Methods:BMSCs transfected with lentivirus(Lv)-Egr1-NIS-cytomegalovirus(CMV)-green fluorescent protein (GFP) in the experimental group and Lv-Egr1-GFP in the control group were prepared and the expression of NIS induced by radioiodine was verified by iodine uptake determination. The optimal incubation time and concentration of AuNPs were observed with laser confocal microscopy. The cytotoxicity of AuNPs suspension liquid was investigated using cytotoxicity test. Iodine uptake assay was performed to investigate NIS gene expression of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS incubated with AuNPs. In vitro chemotaxis of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS incubated with/without AuNPs to breast cancer cells were verified by cell migration experiment. The radiosensitization effect of AuNPs for 131I on killing breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 were explored. The one-way analysis of variance and Dunnett t test were used for data analysis. Results:BMSCs-Egr1-NIS (unstable transformation) was successfully prepared. Egr1 could promote NIS expression with the induction of radioiodine. The iodine uptake capacity in BMSCs-Egr1-NIS increased by 2.5-5 times or even higher compared with BMSCs-Egr1-GFP. The better incubation conditions of AuNPs for BMSCs phagocytosis were 0.20 g/L(24 h) or 0.10 g/L(48 h). The cytotoxicity of AuNPs was low in appropriate incubation time and concentration, and there was no effect on iodine uptake and chemotaxis. The chemotaxis to MDA-MB-231 of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS was identified. AuNPs radiasensitization assay showed that absorbance ( A) 570 nm of MDA-MB-231 cells were significantly deferent in 131I killing groups and blank control group without 131I ( F=60.670, P<0.01), and the cytotoxicity of 131I to MDA-MB-231 cells in the 131I killing groups with 0.20 g/L AuNPs and 0.40 g/L AuNPs ( A570 nm values: 0.87±0.05, 0.41±0.07) was significantly higher than that in the group with 0 g/L AuNPs ( A570 nm=1.39±0.11; both P<0.01). Conclusions:BMSCs, transfected with therapeutic gene Egr1-NIS and incubated with AuNPs, can be used as a carrier to target breast cancer. NIS gene expression of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS was highly promoted in the presence of radioiodine. At the same time, AuNPs can be used as a radiation sensitizer for 131I treatment.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2044-2053, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826425

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The classification criteria and staging groups for nasopharyngeal carcinoma described in the Union for International Cancer Control/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) staging system have been revised over time. This study assessed the proportion of patients whose staging and treatment strategy have changed due to revisions of the UICC/AJCC staging system over the past 10 years (ie, from the sixth edition to the eighth edition), to provide information for further refinement.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed 1901 patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in our cancer center between November 2009 and June 2012. The Akaike information criterion and Harrell concordance index were applied to evaluate the performance of the staging system.@*RESULTS@#In total, 25 (1.3%) of the 1901 patients who were staged as T2a according to the sixth edition system were downgraded to T1 in the eighth edition; 430 (22.6%) staged as N0 in the sixth edition were upgraded to N1 in the eighth edition; 106 (5.6%) staged as N1/2 in the sixth edition were upgraded to N3 in the eighth edition. In addition, 51 (2.7%) and 25 (1.3%) of the study population were upstaged from stage I to stage II and stage II to stage IVa, respectively; 10 (0.5%) was downgraded from stage II to stage I. The survival curves of adjacent N categories and staging groups defined by eighth classification system were well-separated. However, there was no significant difference in the locoregional failure-free survival (P = 0.730) and disease-free survival (P = 0.690) rates between the T2 and T3 categories in the eighth edition classification system.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Modifications to the tumor-node-metastasis staging system over the past 10 years have resulted in N classification changes in numerous cases. Although the eighth edition tumor-node-metastasis staging system better predicts survival outcomes, the T classification could be simplified in future revisions.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) in myoepithelial cells (MECs) of salivary adenoid tissues and explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical staining EnVision method was used to detect the expression of TS, P63, Calponin, CK5/6 and S-100 in 32 salivary gland specimens, including 10 non-neoplastic and salivary inflammation specimens, 11 mixed tumor specimens, 5 basal cell carcinoma specimens and 6 adenoid cyst carcinoma specimens. The specificity and sensitivity of TS as a specific molecular marker of salivary muscle epithelial cells were evaluated in comparison with P63, Calponin, CK5/6 and S-100.@*RESULTS@#The expression pattern of TS in all the salivary gland tissue specimens was identical with that of p63. TS and P63 both showed strong immunohistochemical expressions in MECs of salivary adenoid tissue specimens. Calponin, CK5/6, and S-100 showed cytoplasmic/membranous expressions in the MECs. In addition, TS exhibited weak or moderate cytoplasmic expression in a few salivary gland epithelial cells, cancer cells and scattered stromal cells, with negative expression in the cell nuclei. The expression of TS in the MECs of all the salivary adenoid specimens was highly consistent with those of P63, Calponin, CK5/6 and S-100 (>0.05) Except for CK5/6 expression in Salivary inflammation and Salivary gland specimens. Kappa>0.75. The specificity and sensitivity of TS as a molecular marker of MECs were both 100%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TS is a new specific marker of MECs for differential diagnosis of salivary gland tumors.


Subject(s)
Adenoids , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Thymidylate Synthase
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827738

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect chromosomal aberrations by using cytoplasmic light chain immunofluorescence with fluorescence in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH), and to explore the correlation of del(17p13) with clinical characteristics, drug response and prognosis among patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 198 cases of NDMM was collected. cIg-FISH and a specific probe (TP53) were used to detect karyotypic abnormalities in bone marrow samples derived from the patients. Correlation between karyotypic abnormalities and clinical data was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen of the 198 patients (9.6%) were found to have a karyotype involving del(17p13). The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with or without del(17p13) was significantly different (P<0.01). No significant difference was found in OS and PFS between patients carrying a del(17p13) on bortezomib and non-bortezomib regimen (OS: P = 0.873; PFS: P = 0.610).@*CONCLUSION@#cIg-FISH is a simple and convenient method for the detection of karyotypic anomalies in multiple myeloma. Del(17p13) is an indicator for poor prognosis for multiple myeloma patients. Bortezomib cannot improve the survival disadvantage of del(17p13).

15.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 692-699, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857714

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and rationality of Reduning injection in the treatment of COVID-19. METHODS: Through consulting, summarizing and analyzing literatures, the rapid HTA evaluation of Reduning was carried out, and its pharmacological rationality and drug monitoring for COVID-19 were discussed. RESULTS: Literature analysis indicated that COVID-19 belongs to the pestilence of TCM. It was characterized by “dampness, heat, deficiency, toxin and stasis”, and its clinical manifestations involved inflammatory factor storm, immune system damage, etc. Reduning injection was approved to the treatment of influenza, cough and respiratory tract infections caused by exopathic wind-heat, and a typical drug for heat-clearing and detoxifying. CONCLUSION: The rapid HTA evaluation showed that Reduning injection has good safety, effectiveness and economy. The mechanisms of Reduning in antipyretic and anti-inflammatory, immune regulation and anti-virus suggest the rationality of Reduning in treating COVID-19, but drug monitoring should be done well in the use process.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861317

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of time interval on perfusion parameters in head-neck CTA combined with one-stop scanning whole brain CT perfusion (CTP). Methods: Standard brain CTP data of 60 patients with acute cerebral ischemic stroke were analyzed retrospectively (standard group). On the brain CTP images of standard group, one group of scanning data were removed before and after the peak period of the artery, and the interval between the anterior and posterior intervals increased to 4.5 s. Head and neck CTA combined with whole brain CTP one-stop scanning was simulated (simulation group). The mean absolute percentage error of perfusion parameters (cerebral blood flow [CBF], cerebral blood volume [CBV] and mean transit time [MTT]) between the standard group and the simulated group was calculated, and the correlation of perfusion parameter ratio (rCBF, rCBV, rMTT) between right and left gray matter, right and left white matter were analyzed. Results: The absolute percentage errors of basal nucleus CBF, CBV and MTT were all less than 10%. There was positive correlation of gray matter left and right rCBF (r=0.988, P<0.001), rCBV (r=0.963, P<0.001) and rMTT (r=0.983, P<0.001), also of white matter left and right rCBF (r=0.980, P<0.001), rCBV (r=0.957, P<0.001) and rMTT (r=0.986, P<0.001). Conclusion: The time interval between head-neck CTA combined with one-stop scanning whole brain CTP has little impact on perfusion parameters.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810455

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the hearing loss and speech disorders in the elderly, to analyze the risk factors of the elderly deafness, as well as to provide reference for the clinical research of the elderly deafness.@*Methods@#From March 2016 to March 2018, 913 elderly people, who were tested for hearing and speech disorders, were examined by a unified questionnaire to investigate the demographic data of the subjects and the related factors of deafness, and the hearing and speech recognition tests were carried out. According to the hearing loss, the hearing impaired group was divided into the hearing impaired group (500, 1 000, 2 000 and 4 000 Hz, the average hearing threshold>25 dBHL) and the non hearing impaired group (the average hearing threshold of the four frequencies ≤25 dBHL), and then the single factor analysis and the unconditional Logistic regression analysis were used. Finally, the risk factors of senile deafness were analyzed.@*Results@#Of the 913 elderly subjects in the survey, 389 (42.61%, 389/913) had no hearing impaired, 345 (37.79%, 345/913) were mild hearing impaired, and 149 (16.32%, 149/913) had moderate hearing loss. Twenty-six patients were severe hearing loss (2.85%, 26/913); 4 patients had severe hearing loss (0.44%, 4/913). Among the 524 hearing-impaired elderly, there were 244 speech-recognition disorders (46.56%, 244/524), of whom 106 were mild hearing-impaired, accounting for 30.72% (106/345), 108 were moderate hearing loss, accounting for 72.48% (108/149), 26 were severe hearing loss, accounting for 100% (26/26), and 4 were the profound hearing loss, accounting for 100% (4/4). Statistical analysis showed that the age, job status, history of hypertension, history of hyperglycemia, and smoking history were independent risk factors for senile hearing loss (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#High incidences of hearing and speech recognition obstacle are found in health examination for the elderly patients. Noise exposure, age, history of hypertension, high blood sugar, and smoking history are high-risk factors for senile deafness, therefore, prevention and rehabilitation programs are urgent to be developed.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756599

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the impacts of bureaucracy management at tertiary public hospitals in Beijing on exchange modes and trust between doctors and patients, using both the bureaucracy theory and trust theory. To study the role of such management as an organizational structure for hospital operation and service, in the transition of doctor-patient trust from traditional special trust to a universal trust based on bureaucracy structure and specialized job division. Methods The purpose sampling method was used to select 94 hospital administrators, medical staff, and patients from six tertiary hospitals for a field survey. Results Bureaucracy at public tertiary hospitals keeps improving, and its systematic and refined organizational structure is changing the exchanges between doctors and patients, earmarking universal trust of the fundamental type of doctor-patient trust, aided by special trust. Rules and regulations of bureaucracy normalize medical services, and specialization enables medical workers in their clinical work against difficult and severe diseases, winning both reputation and patient trust as well. However, the specialized, professional and dehumanized characteristic of bureaucracy tend to encourage doctors to attend to diseases than patients, and separate links in medical services to decrease doctor-patient trust in the meantime. Conclusions Bureaucracy is a necessary organizational form of urban public hospitals, but it should strengthen their humanity feature and improve their communication with patients with rules and regulations. At the same time, with the use of integrated medical mode in clinical practice, bureaucracy could be improved to benefit patients and enhance trust of patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 700-707, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754702

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of graded surgical treatment according to injury classification on old thoracolumbar vertebral compression fractures ( OVCFs) . Methods A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 238 patients with old thoracolumbar OVCFs admitted to the Honghui Hospital affiliated to the College of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University from February 2013 to November 2016. There were 49 males and 189 females, aged 63-78 years, with an average age of 66. 8 years. The bone density T value was ( -3. 8 ± 0. 3)SD. The injured segments were located at T7-T9 in 35 patients, T10-L2 in 171, and L3-L4 in 32. A total of 16 patients had neurological injury, including 14 with grade C and two with grade D according to the American Spinal Injury Association ( ASIA) neurological function classification. According to the patient's clinical manifestations and imaging complexity, the patients were assigned with I to V grades for individualized surgical treatment. Among them, 86 patients with grade I were treated with vertebral augmentation; 60 patients with grade II received posterior reduction and internal fixation combined with vertebral augmentation when necessary;44 patients with grade III were treated with posterior decompression and reduction and internal fixation;30 patients with grade IV received posterior osteotomy and orthopedic fusion; 18 patients with grade V were treated based on the major symptoms. The visual analogue score ( VAS ) , Oswestry dysfunction index ( ODI) , vertebral sagittal index, and the American Spinal Injury Association ( ASIA) grading before operation and at the last follow-up as well as the postoperative complications were recorded. Results All patients were followed up for 12-38 months with an average of 18. 5 months. The VAS of patients with grade I to V improved from preoperative (8. 0 ± 0. 7)points, (8. 1 ± 0. 7)points, (8. 3 ± 0.89)points,(8.1±0.7)points,(8.2±0.2)pointsto(2.1±0.8)points,(2.0±0.8)points,(2.2± 0. 8)points, (2. 3 ± 0. 8)points, (2. 2 ± 0. 8)points at the last follow-up (P<0. 05);ODI was improved from preoperative 69. 5 ± 3. 0, 70. 1 ± 2. 0, 70. 3 ± 2. 1, 69. 9 ± 1. 9, 70. 0 ± 2. 2 to 39. 8 ± 2. 2, 39. 1 ± 2. 4, 40. 1 ± 2. 1, 39. 0 ± 2. 3, 39. 5 ± 2. 3 at the last follow-up (P<0. 05);the vertebral sagittal index improved from (89. 7 ± 2. 1)%, (74. 4 ± 8. 3)%, (75. 0 ± 6. 7)%, (72. 3 ± 5. 2)%, (71. 1 ± 2. 1)%to (85.2 ±7.4)%, (84.2 ±5.5)%, (85.1 ±4.4)%, (86.2 ±3.5)%, (83.4 ±1.7)% (P<0.05). For 16 patients with nerve injury, the ASIA grading was improved from preoperative grade C in 14 patients and grade D in two patients to grade D in four patients and grade E in 12 patients at the last follow-up. A total of 11 patients ( seven patients with grade I, one with grade II, two with grade IV, and one patient with grade V) had vertebral height loss in the later stage, but only two patients underwent secondary surgery for severe low back pain. Conclusions For obsolete thoracolumbar OVCFs, the concept of graded surgery can effectively guide the treatment strategies of these patients. Different surgical schemes for patients with different conditions can effectively alleviate the pain, restore spinal stability, correct kyphosis deformity, relieve nerve compression and promote functional recovery.

20.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 927-931, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752466

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the differential diagnostic value of IVIMGDWI in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)and atypical hepatic hemangioma (H H).Methods 3.0T MR images of 28 patients with HCC and atypical H H confirmed respectively by surgical or pathological diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed.3.0T MR routine and DWI multiple b value sequences were performed,and the related derivative parameters of IVIMGDWI (intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion,MRI)were obtained.GE ADW4.6 Functool automatic postGprocessing software and statistical methods were used for multiGparameters analyses,and the ROC curve was established to predict the value of the differential diagnosis.Results The values of ADC,slow diffusion coefficient (D)and perfusion fraction (PF)between HCC and atypical HH were statistically significant(P=0.00,P=0.021 ,P<0.05 ),that was to say,there were significant differences in IVIMGDWI multiparameter comparisons between the HCC and atypical HH.And the value of fast diffusion coefficient (D?)was not statistically significant between HCC and atypical HH (P=0.112,P>0.05),that was to say,there was no significant difference in the multiparameter comparison between the HCC and atypical HH;The specificity and sensitivity of IVIMGDWI in HCC were from high to low:D (97.8%)>ADC(97.4%)>PF (82.9%),and the specificity and sensitivity of IVIMGDWI in atypical H H were D (9 7.1%)>ADC (87.1%)>PF (6 7.9%),from high to low,while D? was not statistically significant.Conclusion It is characteristic for the imaging manifestation of HCC and atypical HH with IVIMGDWI imaging,that is one of the important methods for clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis of HCC and atypical HH.

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