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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the clinical features and prognosis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with chronic myeloid leukemia.Methods:A retrospective case series study. From May 2011 to December 2020, 5 patients (10 eyes) were included in this study in Eye-ENT Hospital of Fudan University. Basic information about the patient's age, gender, diabetes history and CML history were collected. The endocrine and hematological indexes of all patients were evaluated. All the patients were undertaken visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit lamp and fundus examination and other examinations to observe the eye conditions. Ophthalmic treatments included panretinal laser photocoagulation, intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, vitrectomy. During the follow up period from 5 months to 6 years, prognosis was observed at each office visit. During the follow up period, patients' vision, intraocular pressure, anterior segment and retinal status were observed.Results:There were 4 males and a female in 5 patients. The ages were from 27 to 49 years, with the mean age of 39 years. All patients were bilateral. All patients suffered type 2 diabetes for 3 months to 13 years. Four of them were diagnosed as chronic myeloid leukemia before visiting to ophthalmologists, while the other visited to ophthalmology first due to poor vision. The initial visual acuity ranged from light perception to 0.4 and 6 eyes were less than 0.1. In addition to the typical manifestations of diabetic retinopathy, such as venous tortuous dilation, exudation, microaneurysm and neovascularization, patients also presented with Roth spot as leukemic fundus manifestations. All eyes developed to PDR stage. Abnormal thickening of the neovascular membranes may occur in the lower part of the retina, with secondary traction retinal detachment. All the eyes were treated with pan retinal photocoagulation and 9 eyes underwent pars plana vitrectomy. After treatment, retina of 8 eyes kept flat. The best corrected visual acuity ranged from no light perception to 1.0, and only 4 eyes reached more than 0.2. Unfortunately, one eye lost vision because of secondary neovascular glaucoma.Conclusions:PDR patients with CMLof fundus not only have venous tortuous dilation, exudation, microaneurysm and neovascularization, also present with Roth spot as leukemic fundus manifestations. Diabetic retinopathy combined with CML could progress rapidly, and its aggravating complications such as hyperplastic membrane, vitreous hemorrhage and traction retinal detachment may result in poor visual prognosis. Early screening and treatment can help improve the prognosis of patients.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1453-1459, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establ ish characteristic pattern of vinegar-processed product of Schisandra chinensis formula granules from different habitats ,and to determine the contents of 5 components. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Agilent ZORBAX SB-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water (gradient elution)at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃,and detection wavelength was set at 220 nm. The sample size was 10 µL. Using schisandrin as reference ,HPLC characteristic pattern of 19 batches of vinegar-processed S. chinensis formula granules was drawn. The similarity evaluation was performed with Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatographic Fingerprints (2012 edition),and common peaks were confirmed. The contents of schisandrin ,schisandrol, angeloylgomisin H ,schizandrin and deoxyschizandrin were determined by same method. RESULTS :There were 8 common peaks in 19 batches of vinegar-processed S. chinensis formula granules ,and the similarities were all above 0.996;five of them were identified as schisandrin ,schisandrol,angeloylgomisin H ,schizandrin and deoxyschizandrin ,respectively. The linear range of schisandrin,schisandrol,angeloylgomisin H ,schizandrin and deoxyschizandrin were 0.030-0.380,0.016-0.195,0.009-0.115, 0.006-0.078 and 0.011-0.138 μg(r>0.999),respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2%. Average recoveries were 99.84%,99.54%,99.28%,100.03%,100.27%(RSD<1.4%,n=9). Average contents of five components in 19 batches of samples were in the range of 0.15%-0.36%,0.02%-0.16%,0.02%-0.06%,0.02%-0.08% and 0.08%-0.17%,respectively;among them ,total contents of five components in sample S 18 and S 19 from Hebei province were relatively high ,while those were relatively low in sample S 16 and S 17(RSD=42%);RSD of total content in other samples (S1-S15)was 12%,and was lower than that of Hebei province ;total content of five components were higher in sample from Jilin province. CONCLUSIONS : Established characteristic pattern and method for the content determination are specific and reproducible,and can be used for the quality evaluation of vinegar-processed S. chinensis formula granules. The total content fluctuation of vinegar-processed product of S. chinensis formula granules from Liaoning ,Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces is lower than that in Hebei province ,and the quality of vinegar-processed Δ 基金项目:国家中药标准化项目(No.ZYB2H-Y-GD-13) *主管中药师 ,硕士 。研究方向 :中药质量标准 。E-mail: S. chinensis formula granules from Jilin province is the best. lzz332@126.com

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799472

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the alterations and clinical significance of serum calcium binding protein S100A8/A9 and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).@*Methods@#Enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay was established to detect serum levels of S100A8/A9 and sRAGE in 203 patients with COPD[male166, female 37, aged 52-92 years, average years(69.72±9.079)] and in 41 smoking elderly non-COPD patients[male 35,female 6, aged 55-89 years, average years(68.66±8.74)], and 167 non-smoking healthy subjects as the control group[male 132, female 35, aged 57-92 years, average years(69.13±7.21)] from April 2018 to January 2019. The relationship between the S100A8/A9, sRAGE and clinical biomarkers [the percentage of fored expiratory volume in one second(FEV1) in the predicted value, FEV1/fored vital capacity(FVC), neutrophile granulocyte(NEU)%, pack-year] were investigated. The diagnostic value of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and their combined detection for COPD was analyzed using the subject operating characteristic curve.@*Results@#The serum S100A8/A9 level [(2.70±1.11)μg/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group [(1.65±0.63) μg/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.99±0.48)μg/ml], t=5.807, P<0.000 1; t=18.45, P<0.000 1. The serum S100A8/A9 levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(2.08±1.08) μg/ml, GOLDⅡ (2.58±1.06) μg/ml, GOLD Ⅲ (2.69±1.12) μg/ml, GOLDⅣ (2.95±1.10)μg/ml] were significantly higher than the non-smoking control group(0.99±0.48)μg/ml, t=6.616, P<0.000 1; t=14.56, P<0.000 1; t=17.10, P<0.000 1; t=18.09, P<0.000 1.The serum sRAGE level [(0.29±0.25)ng/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group[(0.60±0.24)ng/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=7.367, P<0.000 1; t=18.14, P<0.000 1. The serum sRAGE levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(0.46±0.40),GOLDⅡ (0.28±0.25),GOLD Ⅲ (0.29±0.25),GOLD Ⅳ (0.25±0.19)ng/ml] were significantly lower compared with non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=3.459, P=0.000 5; t=10.23, P<0.000 1; t=13.95, P<0.000 1; t=11.70, P<0.000 1. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were positively correlated with smoking amount and NEU% (r=0.458 5, P<0.000 1; r=0.228 3, P=0.001 1), negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC, the percentage of FEV1 in the predicted value, and sRAGE(r=-0.190 6, P=0.006 4; r=-0.186 3, P=0.007 8; r=-0.201 7, P=0.003 9). sRAGE levels were negatively correlated with NEU% (r=-0.155 9, P=0.026 4). In the ROC curve, the area under the curve of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and combined detection were 0.922[95%CI(0.897-0.947)], 0.926[95%CI(0.899-0.952)]and 0.966 [95%CI(0.950-0.983)], respectively.@*Conclusion@#S100A8/A9 and sRAGE are closely correlated with the degree of airflow constrains and the levels of serum inflammatory mediators, which are expected to be as potential biomarkers of COPD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): E010-E010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811619

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the initial HRCT manifestations and clinical features of imported novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of 91 NCP patients admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital from January 22 to 30, 2020 was performed including 39 males and 52 females, with a median age of 50 (33-62) years, then their clinical features and HRCT characteristics were analyzed.@*Results@#The main clinical presentations included fever in 70 cases and cough in 57 cases(mainly dry coughin39 cases). The first time HRCT showed that 24 cases with NCP were normal, however other 67 cases were abnormal. The ground glass opacity in the lung on HRCT was found in 65 cases, including 64 cases with dilated blood vessel crossing the lesion, 50 cases with thickened adjacent pleura, and 47 cases with thickening of interstitial septum. The patchy opacity was seen in 42 cases, and no enlarged lymph nodes were observed in all patients. As for the lesion distribution, there were two cases with bilateral diffuse changes, 57 cases with multiple lesions, 8 cases with the lesion in only one lobe. The lesions were mainly located under the pleura area in 46 cases, including 39 cases in the lower lobe and other 7 cases in the upper lobe. And there were 13 cases without characteristic distribution in the lung.@*Conclusions@#The initial images of NCP in Guangzhou mainly showed multiple ground glass opacity, which were mostly seen in the subpleural and lower lung fields, most of them with thickened pulmonary interstitium. Guangzhou has a higher proportion of NCP patients with mild and general patients, and some confirmed patients show negative HRCT for the first time. Patients without HRCT changes should be reviewed in a timely manner.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 010-010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787572

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the initial HRCT manifestations and clinical features of imported novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of 91 NCP patients admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital from January 22 to 30, 2020 was performed including 39 males and 52 females, with a median age of 50 (33-62) years, then their clinical features and HRCT characteristics were analyzed.@*Results@#The main clinical presentations included fever in 70 cases and cough in 57 cases(mainly dry coughin39 cases). The first time HRCT showed that 24 cases with NCP were normal, however other 67 cases were abnormal. The ground glass opacity in the lung on HRCT was found in 65 cases, including 64 cases with dilated blood vessel crossing the lesion, 50 cases with thickened adjacent pleura, and 47 cases with thickening of interstitial septum. The patchy opacity was seen in 42 cases, and no enlarged lymph nodes were observed in all patients. As for the lesion distribution, there were two cases with bilateral diffuse changes, 57 cases with multiple lesions, 8 cases with the lesion in only one lobe. The lesions were mainly located under the pleura area in 46 cases, including 39 cases in the lower lobe and other 7 cases in the upper lobe. And there were 13 cases without characteristic distribution in the lung.@*Conclusions@#The initial images of NCP in Guangzhou mainly showed multiple ground glass opacity, which were mostly seen in the subpleural and lower lung fields, most of them with thickened pulmonary interstitium. Guangzhou has a higher proportion of NCP patients with mild and general patients, and some confirmed patients show negative HRCT for the first time. Patients without HRCT changes should be reviewed in a timely manner.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the alterations and clinical significance of serum calcium binding protein S100A8/A9 and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:Enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay was established to detect serum levels of S100A8/A9 and sRAGE in 203 patients with COPD[male166, female 37, aged 52-92 years, average years(69.72±9.079)] and in 41 smoking elderly non-COPD patients[male 35,female 6, aged 55-89 years, average years(68.66±8.74)], and 167 non-smoking healthy subjects as the control group[male 132, female 35, aged 57-92 years, average years(69.13±7.21)] from April 2018 to January 2019. The relationship between the S100A8/A9, sRAGE and clinical biomarkers [the percentage of fored expiratory volume in one second(FEV 1) in the predicted value, FEV 1/fored vital capacity(FVC), neutrophile granulocyte(NEU)%, pack-year] were investigated. The diagnostic value of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and their combined detection for COPD was analyzed using the subject operating characteristic curve. Results:The serum S100A8/A9 level [(2.70±1.11)μg/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group [(1.65±0.63) μg/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.99±0.48)μg/ml], t=5.807, P<0.000 1; t=18.45, P<0.000 1. The serum S100A8/A9 levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(2.08±1.08) μg/ml, GOLDⅡ (2.58±1.06) μg/ml, GOLD Ⅲ (2.69±1.12) μg/ml, GOLDⅣ (2.95±1.10)μg/ml] were significantly higher than the non-smoking control group(0.99±0.48)μg/ml, t=6.616, P<0.000 1; t=14.56, P<0.000 1; t=17.10, P<0.000 1; t=18.09, P<0.000 1.The serum sRAGE level [(0.29±0.25)ng/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group[(0.60±0.24)ng/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=7.367, P<0.000 1; t=18.14, P<0.000 1. The serum sRAGE levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(0.46±0.40),GOLDⅡ (0.28±0.25),GOLD Ⅲ (0.29±0.25),GOLD Ⅳ (0.25±0.19)ng/ml] were significantly lower compared with non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=3.459, P=0.000 5; t=10.23, P<0.000 1; t=13.95, P<0.000 1; t=11.70, P<0.000 1. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were positively correlated with smoking amount and NEU% ( r=0.458 5, P<0.000 1; r=0.228 3, P=0.001 1), negatively correlated with FEV 1/FVC, the percentage of FEV 1 in the predicted value, and sRAGE( r=-0.190 6, P=0.006 4; r=-0.186 3, P=0.007 8; r=-0.201 7, P=0.003 9). sRAGE levels were negatively correlated with NEU% ( r=-0.155 9, P=0.026 4). In the ROC curve, the area under the curve of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and combined detection were 0.922[95 %CI(0.897-0.947)], 0.926[95 %CI(0.899-0.952)]and 0.966 [95 %CI(0.950-0.983)], respectively. Conclusion:S100A8/A9 and sRAGE are closely correlated with the degree of airflow constrains and the levels of serum inflammatory mediators, which are expected to be as potential biomarkers of COPD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 314-317, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the initial high resolution CT (HRCT) manifestations and clinical features of imported COVID-19 in Guangzhou.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 91 COVID-19 patients admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital from January 22 to 30, 2020 was performed including 39 males and 52 females, with a median age of 50 (33-62) years,then their clinical features and HRCT characteristics were analyzed.Results:The main clinical presentations included fever in 70 cases and cough in 57 cases(mainly dry cough in 39 cases). The first time HRCT showed that 24 cases with COVID-19 were normal, however other 67 cases were abnormal. The ground glass opacity in the lung on HRCT was found in 65 cases, including 64 cases with dilated blood vessel crossing the lesion, 50 cases with thickened adjacent pleura, and 47 cases with thickening of interstitial septum. The patchy opacity was seen in 42 cases, and no enlarged lymph nodes were observed in all patients. As for the lesion distribution, there were two cases with bilateral diffuse changes, 57 cases with multiple lesions, 8 cases with the lesion in only one lobe. The lesions were mainly located under the pleura area in 46 cases, including 39 cases in the lower lobe and other 7 cases in the upper lobe. And there were 13 cases without characteristic distribution in the lung.Conclusion:The initial images of COVID-19 in Guangzhou mainly showed multiple ground glass opacity, which were mostly seen in the subpleural and lower lung fields, most of them with thickened pulmonary interstitium. Guangzhou has a higher proportion of COVID-19 patients with mild and general patients, and some confirmed patients show negative HRCT for the first time. Patients without HRCT changes should be reviewed in a timely manner.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal thermal effect parameter combination of An-pressing manipulation based on the pressing force, time and frequency, and to compare the thermal effect differences between the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations. Methods:Three levels of light, moderate and heavy pressing forces were determined according to the An-pressing forces of the clinical tuina physicians; the pressing time and frequency parameters were determined according to the literatures about An-pressing manipulation. The volunteers were stimulated by the homemade An-pressing manipulation stimulator on the right Xinshu (BL 15), and then the three-factor and three-level orthogonal tests were carried out according to the test sequence specified by the L9(34) orthogonal table, and the temperature before and after pressing was recorded by an infrared thermal imaging system to screen the best parameters for the thermal effect of the An-pressing manipulation, thus to determine the optimal pressing parameters. The optimal parameters were then used for both continuous and rhythmic An-pressing manipulations to stimulate the bilateral Xinshu (BL 15). The temperature changes after pressing and the duration of the thermal effect (temperature difference ≤0.5℃ on both sides) were recorded by the infrared thermal imaging system, to explore the differences in the thermal effects of different An-pressing manipulations. Results:Among the three factors of pressing force, time and frequency, the influences of different pressing forces on temperature were significantly different (F=32.843,P=0.030), and the influence of 2.5 kg pressing force was the most significant; the effects of different pressing time on temperature were significantly different (F=54.102,P=0.018), and the pressing time of 7.5 min was the most significant; the influences of different pressing frequencies on temperature were not statistically significant (F=2.181,P=0.314), though the influence of 10 times/min pressing frequency was the largest. The influences on temperature difference of the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations were significantly different (P=0.031 on the left side andP=0.045 on the right side), but there was no statistical difference in the duration of the thermal effect (P=0.690). Conclusion:The An-pressing manipulation parameters that significantly affect the temperature difference are pressing force and time. The optimal combination of thermal effect parameters is pressing force of 2.5 kg, time of 7.5 min, and frequency of 10 times/min. The local thermal effect of the rhythmic An-pressing manipulation is significantly greater than of the continuous An-pressing manipulation.

9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 99-102, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816853

ABSTRACT

Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is a disease associated with various factors such as psychological conditions, age, physical illness, and drugs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the advantages for the studies FSD due to its non-invasiveness and high soft-tissue contrast. Brain MRI revealed significant differences in brain function activation sites and signaling between women with FSD and those with normal sexual function. Pelvic MRI found a close relation of the location and size of the clitoris with the sexual function of women, which may help to determine the lesion area of the FSD patient. A comparative analysis of the central nervous system and peripheral reproductive organs in women with normal sexual function and FSD patients by MRI is of great value for exploring the etiology of FSD and its treatment options.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of pressing force and time on the thermal effect of An-pressing manipulation.Methods:Eight healthy volunteers were recruited to receive An-pressing manipulation at Xinshu (BL 15) on the right side.The pressing force and time were both divided into five levels:the force described as extremely mild,mild,moderate,strong and extremely strong and time given by 2.5 min,5.0 min,7.5 min,10.0 min and 15.0 min.The real-time change in local acupoint temperature as well as the change during 1.0-15.0 min after the manipulation were observed.Results:Compared with the baseline data,the real-time changes in the temperature after An-pressing Xinshu (BL 15) on the right side with different levels of force (from mild to strong) were respectively (1.88t0.64) ℃,(2.05±0.68) ℃,(2.25±0.59) ℃,(2.35±0.61) ℃ and (2.32±0.69) ℃;the changes in 15.0 min after the manipulation were respectively (-0.11±0.11) ℃,(0.03±0.14) ℃,(0.59±0.58) ℃,(1.38±0.70) ℃ and (2.09±0.98) ℃.The real-time temperature changes after the manipulation for different durations (from short to long) were respectively (1.94±0.37) ℃,(2.33±0.29) ℃,(2.49±0.31) ℃,(2.51±0.39) ℃ and (2.41±0.55) ℃;the changes in 15.0 min after the manipulation were respectively (0.53±0.49) ℃,(0.33±0.30) ℃,(0.52±0.33) ℃,(0.55±0.38) ℃ and (0.76±0.36) ℃.Conclusion:The thermal effect presented an increasing tendency with the extension of pressing time,and the temperature reached the top at 7.5 min;the thermal effect showed an increasing tendency with the rise of pressing force,and the temperature reached the top upon a moderate level of force.The pressing time can produce a greater influence on the real-time temperature than the pressing force;the pressing force can produce a greater influence on maintaining the temperature than the pressing time.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of An-pressing manipulation on biceps brachii with delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in healthy male volunteers.Methods:A total of 30 male college student volunteers were randomly divided into a blank group,a model group and a treatment group,10 cases in each group.Subjects in the blank group did not receive any intervention;subjects in the model group received active weight-bearing eccentric exercise on the non-favored side of the upper limb to establish the models,while not receiving any treatment;subjects in the treatment group received both the same modeling and An-pressing manipulation treatment.The subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE),subjective soreness sensation threshold and soreness grade were evaluated before modeling,immediately after modeling,and 24,48,72,96 and 120 h after modeling.Serum total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) was measured before modeling,immediately after modeling,and 24,48 and 72 h after modeling.Serum creatine kinase MM isoenzyme (CK-MM) was measured before modeling and 24,48 and 72 h after modeling.Results:At 24,48,72 and 120 h after treatment,the soreness grades of the treatment group were lower than those of the model group (all P<0.05).The RPE scores of the treatment group were lower than those of the model group (all P<0.05) immediately after modeling,at 24,48,72,96 and 120 h after modeling.The subjective soreness sensation threshold of the treatment group was higher than that of the model group immediately after modeling,at 24,48,72 and 96 h after modeling (all P<0.05).Immediately after modeling,T-AOC value in the treatment group was higher than that in the model group and blank group (both P<0.05).CK-MM of the treatment group was lower than that of the model group at 48 h and 72 h after modeling (P<0.05).Conclusion:An-pressing manipulation shows a certain therapeutic effect on biceps brachii with DOMS by strengthening the body's antioxidant and anti-damage abilities,which can effectively reduce the pain and accelerate the recovery from fatigue damage.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698205

ABSTRACT

Transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF)has been used for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)via repairing the gastroesophageal junction valve. Both the clinical report and control study confirmed that,with the prerequisite of rational selection of patients,TIF as an emerging technology can effectively cure or improve the clinical symptoms of GERD,esophagitis,and level of esophageal acid exposure. Compared with the traditional treatment,TIF is more effective,safe and having lasting effect for the rationally selected GERD patients. This article reviewed advances in study on TIF for the treatment of GERD.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691402

ABSTRACT

Amarogentin is an efficacious Chinese herbal medicine and a component of the bitter apricot kernel. It is commonly used as an expectorant and supplementary anti-cancer drug. β-Glucosidase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes the glycosidic bond between aryl and saccharide groups to release glucose. Upon their interaction, β-glucosidase catalyzes amarogentin to produce considerable amounts of hydrocyanic acid, which inhibits cytochrome C oxidase, the terminal enzyme in the mitochondrial respiration chain, and suspends adenosine triphosphate synthesis, resulting in cell death. Hydrocyanic acid is a cell-cycle-stage-nonspecific agent that kills cancer cells. Thus, β-glucosidase can be coupled with a tumor-specific monoclonal antibody. β-Glucosidase can combine with cancer-cell-surface antigens and specifically convert amarogentin to an active drug that acts on cancer cells and the surrounding antibodies to achieve a killing effect. β-Glucosidase is injected intravenously and recognizes cancer-cell-surface antigens with the help of an antibody. The prodrug amarogentin is infused after β-glucosidase has reached the target position. Coupling of cell membrane peptides with β-glucosidase allows the enzyme to penetrate capillary endothelial cells and clear extracellular deep solid tumors to kill the cells therein. The Chinese medicine amarogentin and β-glucosidase will become an important treatment for various tumors when an appropriate monoclonal antibody is developed.


Subject(s)
Amygdalin , Therapeutic Uses , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Cell-Penetrating Peptides , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Iridoids , Therapeutic Uses , Prodrugs , Therapeutic Uses , beta-Glucosidase , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2356-2359, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778953

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinicopathological features of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE). MethodsThe clinical data, histopathological data, and immunohistochemical results of 5 patients with HEHE were observed. ResultsThere were 3 male and 2 female patients. Major clinical manifestations included persistent abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, nausea, loss of weight, and pyrexia. One patient was found to have this disease during physical examination. Of all patients, 2 had a single nodule and 3 had multiple nodules. The tumor cells were relatively normal in morphology and were arranged in a cord-like shape or a small nested shape; the cells had a round, spindle-like, or irregular shape; the cells were rich in epithelioid eosinophilic cytoplasm, with branched cytoplasmic processes and cavity formation in cytoplasm. The tumor background was characteristic mucoid hyaline degeneration of cartilage-like matrix or glassy degeneration of fibrous matrix. Nuclear division and necrosis were observed occasionally. Vascular markers, such as CD31, CD34, Fli-1, coagulation factor VIII, and vascular endothelial growth factor, were expressed in tumor cells, and tumor cells tended to have a low proliferative activity. ConclusionHEHE has various clinical manifestations and treatment methods. Liver biopsy helps to make a confirmed diagnosis and select a proper treatment regimen before treatment.

15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 172-175, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775199

ABSTRACT

Penile erectile dysfunction (ED) is ascribed to the contraction-relaxation imbalance of smooth muscle cells (SMC), the weakening of their diastolic function and the strengthening of their systolic function. The contraction-related signaling pathways, cell membrane ion channels and SMC phenotypes all participate in the regulation of their contraction and its malfunction may cause a variety of SMC-related diseases. The signaling pathways RhoA/Rock and Raf/MEK/ERK1/2 interact with each other, suppressing the expression of the RhoA protein or reducing the level of Rock2 phosphorylation, which may contribute to the treatment of ED. The poor performance of VDCC or TRPC is reckoned to be an important cause of hypertension- or diabetes-related ED. The expressions of CaV1.2, TRPC1 and TRPC4 can be upregulated by many pathological factors, which may enhance the contraction of SMCs. The pathogenesis of ED may be associated with the differentiation of the phenotypes corpus cavernosal SMCs. This review focuses on the recent progress in the studies of the relationship between SMC contraction and ED.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Complications , Erectile Dysfunction , Humans , Hypertension , Ion Channels , Metabolism , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Muscle Contraction , Physiology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Physiology , Penile Erection , Physiology , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction , Physiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 886-889, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708688

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of a self-designed multi-function anti-reflux drainage connector on preventing catheter-associated urinary infection in patients with long-term indwelling catheters.Methods A total of 100 elderly males with indwelling catheters from 10 nursing homes in our city were selected and randomly divided into the control group (n=50) and the experimental group (n=50) from January 2013 to December 2015.The patients in the control group were indwelled with Foley catheters and connected with an ordinary disposable drainage bags;the patients in the experimental group were indwelled the same catheters and connected to disposable drainage bags with an multi-function anti-reflux drainage connector.Patients' urine in catheters and drainage bags from two groups were collected for urine culture on 7th,14th,21st,28th days.The cases of catheter plugging on the 7th,14th,21st,28th days and the cases of catheter encrustation on 28th day in two groups were recorded.Results The cases of bacteriuria on the 7th,14th,21st,28th days in the experimental group were significantly less than those in the control group (P<0.05),and were also significantly less than those in the drainage bags in the same group (P<0.05).The cases of catheter plugging on the 7th,14th,21st,28th days were not significantly different between two groups(P>0.05).The cases of catheter encrustation on the 28th day in the experimental group were significantly less than those in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Multi-function anti-reflux drainage connector can safely and effectively prevent catheter-associated urinary infection,reducing bacteria ascending with reflux of urine as well as catheter encrustation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668353

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The stress distribution is different between implants and natural teeth, and the biomechanical characters of implant-natural tooth supported fixed partial dentures need to be explored.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the distributions of stress and strain on the implant interface and natural tooth ligaments by loading a vertical force to a single implant crown, natural tooth crown and a implant-natural tooth supported fixed partial denture.METHODS: Two male healthy Beagle dogs were selected, and their right mandibular first molars were exacted under general anesthesia. Three months later, a 3.3 mm×10 mm RN ITI implant was implanted into the defect region of each dog. The dogs were killed under anesthesia after another 3 months to remove the mandible. One dog was restored by a single implant and natural tooth crown, and the other was restored by the implant-natural tooth supported fixed partial dentures. The specimens were fixed to the load device after embedded with self caring acrylic resin, and the strain gauges were pasted to the cortical bone around the implant and natural tooth neck. The vertical force was loaded to the implant, natural tooth and fixed denture with 40, 60, 80,120, and 160 N.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: When the force was loaded to the implant of combined denture, the implant stress of combined denture was less than that of the single implant repair, and partial force was loaded on natural teeth; when the force was loaded to the natural tooth of combined denture, the stress to the natural tooth of combined denture was less than that of the single natural tooth repair. When the force was loaded to the natural tooth of combined denture, the stress was assumed by the whole prostheses. However, the stress was almost assumed by the implant when the force was loaded to the implant of combined denture. That is to say, it is feasible to use the implant-natural tooth supported fixed partial dentures.

18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 11-20, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812817

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate whether androgens can regulate the expression of eNOS in rat corpus cavernosum through AKT3, PIK3CA, CALM, and CAV1 and influence erectile function.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six 8-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into groups A (4-week control), B (6-week control), C (4-week castration), D (6-week castration), E (4-week castration + testosterone replacement), and F (6-week castration + testosterone replacement). Both the testis and epididymis were removed from the rats in groups C, D, E and F, and on the second day after surgery, the animals of groups E and F were subcutaneously injected with testosterone propionate at 3 mg per kg of the body weight qd alt while all the others with isodose oil instead. At 4 weeks (for groups A, C and E) and 6 weeks (for groups B, D and F) after treatment, we detected the maximum intracavernous pressure (ICPmax), the mean carotid arterial pressure (MAP) and their ratio (ICPmax/MAP), measured the level of serum testosterone (T), and determined the expressions of eNOS, P-eNOS, AKT3, PIK3CA, CALM and CAV1 in the corpus cavernosum by Western blot and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#No statistically significant differences were observed in the body weight and MAP among different groups. The serum T level and ICPmax/MAP were remarkably lower in groups C and D than in the other four groups (P<0.01) as well as in groups E and F than in A and B (P<0.05) but exhibited no significant differences either between E and F or between A and B. Immunohistochemistry showed that eNOS and P-eNOS were mainly expressed in the vascular endothelial cell membrane and cavernous vascular lumen, while AKT3, PIK3CA, CALM and CAV1 chiefly in the vascular endothelial cell cytoplasm and membrane, with a few in the smooth muscle cells. Western blot analysis manifested that the expressions of eNOS, P-eNOS, AKT3, PIK3CA, CALM and CAV1 were markedly lower in groups C and D than in A, B, E and F (P<0.01) as well as in D than in C (P<0.05) but those in groups E and F did not showed any significant difference from those in A and B, nor E from F or A from B.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Androgens can improve erectile function by upregulating the expressions of AKT3, PIK3CA, CALM and CAV1 protein molecules and activating eNOS after its phosphorylation, though the exact molecular mechanisms are yet to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Blotting, Western , Caveolin 1 , Metabolism , Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Erectile Dysfunction , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Male , Monomeric Clathrin Assembly Proteins , Metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Orchiectomy , Penile Erection , Physiology , Penis , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testosterone Propionate
19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 110-119, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812801

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To screen lentiviral vectors carrying siRNA which can specifically down-regulate the gene expression of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 3 (S1PR3) in the corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) cells of rats with spontaneous hypertension (SHT) and investigate the influence of the vectors on the signaling pathways of ROCK1, ROCK2 and eNOS in the CCSM cells of SHT rats.@*METHODS@#Using the S1PR3 mRNA sequence of the rat as an interfering target, we designed and synthesized three pairs of siRNA sequences (siRNA1, 2 and 3) targeting S1PR3 and one pair of negative control, and then constructed and packaged them into lentiviral vectors. We cultured the CCSM cells of SHT and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats in vitro and randomly divided them into groups A (SHT untransfected control), B (SHT transfected and carrying negative control virus), C (SHT transfected and carrying siRNA1 targeting S1PR3), D (SHT transfected and carrying siRNA2 targeting S1PR3), E (SHT transfected and carrying siRNA3 targeting S1PR3), and F (WKY untransfected control). With the multiplicity of infection (MOI) = 60, we transfected the CCSM cells of the SHT rats with the lentiviral vector and then determined the expression of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) as well as the mRNA and protein expressions of S1PR3, ROCK1, ROCK2 and eNOS in the CCSM cells of the SHT and WKY rats by RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Gene sequencing proved the successful construction of the lentiviral vector. The transfection efficiency of the CCSM cells of the rats was >80% in groups B, C, D and E. Compared with group A, the mRNA and protein expressions of S1PR3, ROCK1 and ROCK2 exhibited no significant difference in group B but were remarkably decreased in groups C, D, E and F (P0.05) but remarkably lower than those in group F (P0.05) but markedly increased in groups A, B, C and D (P< 0.05), while those of eNOS remarkably decreased in groups A, B, C, D and E (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The three constructed lentiviral vectors carrying siRNA targeting different loci of the S1PR3 gene could significantly inhibit the expression of S1P3 as well as RhoA/Rho kinase signaling pathways in the CCSM cells of SHT rats, and the vector carrying siRNA3 exhibited the highest inhibitory effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Metabolism , Lentivirus , Genetics , Male , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Penis , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Inbred WKY , Receptors, Lysosphingolipid , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptors , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases , Metabolism
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 256-261, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812776

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To systematically analyze the correlation between psoriasis and erectile dysfunction (ED).@*METHODS@#We searched the Cochrane Library, EMbase, PubMed, OVID, Medline, VIP, WanFang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM via SinoMed) for the published literature about the relationship between psoriasis and ED up to June 2016. According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers respectively extracted the relevant data and made a meta-analysis on the correlation of psoriasis with ED and IIEF-5 scores using the Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 6 studies were included in this analysis. The analysis with the fixed-effects model revealed a significant correlation between psoriasis and ED (OR = 1.92, 95% CI: 1.53-2.40, P <0.01), and that on 3 of the studies with the random-effects model showed that the IIEF-5 scores were significantly lower in psoriasis patients than in non-psoriasis males (MD = -3.11, 95% CI: -4.85--1.37, P <0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a certain correlation between psoriasis and ED. Psoriasis patients may have a higher incidence of ED though it is to be further confirmed by more higher-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Erectile Dysfunction , Epidemiology , Humans , Male , Psoriasis , Epidemiology
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