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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of varicella zoster virus (VZV)-DNA load in aqueous humour samples in VZV-induced acute retinal necrosis (ARN) in the early stages of antiviral treatment.Methods:A retrospective observational clinical study. From April 2016 to April 2018, 24 patients with 24 eyes of VZV-induced ARN who were diagnosed by Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University and received complete aqueous humor sampling were included in the study. Among them, there were 13 males with 13 eyes, 11 females with 11 eyes; 12 left eyes and 12 right eyes; the age was 52.0±9.5 years old (39-71 years old). The time from the onset of ocular symptoms to the diagnosis of ARN was 16.6±6.1 days (7-30 days). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and ultra-wide-field fundus imaging were performed in all affected eyes. The BCVA examination was carried out using the Snellen visual acuity chart, which was converted into the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity. All patients were given intravitreal injection of 40 mg/ml ganciclovir 0.1 ml (including 4 mg of ganciclovir), 2 times a week, until the active necrotizing retinal lesions subsided, at most after the diagnosis 4 weeks, with a maximum of 9 injections. The follow-up period was 12.8±5.6 months. The aqueous humor samples were collected at presentation and 4, 7, 14, 21, 28 days after the initiation of antiviral therapy, and the VZV-DNA load was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A plateau phase and a logarithmic reduction phase of the DNA load changes were observed after antiviral treatment began. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare and analyze the differences in BCVA between the eyes at baseline and last follow-up.Results:The mean viral load at presentation was 8.6×10 7±1.3×10 8 copies/ml. The initial plateau phase last for an average of 7.4±2.4 days. In the following logarithmic reduction phase, the mean slope of the decline in viral load was -0.13±0.04 log/day, and the expected time for half reduction of the initial viral load was 2.5±0.7 days. After 28 days antiviral treatment, the viral load decreased to 1.7×10 5±1.8×10 5 copies/ml. In the course of the disease, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment occurred in 16 eyes. Before treatment and at the last follow-up, the logMAR BCVA of the affected eye was 1.1±0.6 and 0.8±0.7, respectively. The results of correlation analysis showed that the logMAR BCVA at the last follow-up was correlated with the initial VZV-DNA load ( r=0.467, P=0.033). Conclusion:The VZV-DNA load in the aqueous humor of eyes with VZV-induced ARN is significantly decreased after antiviral treatment, which is closely related to the clinical process of ARN.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical features and prognosis of eyes with corneal suture-related infective endophthalmitis.Methods:A retrospective interventional case series. From January 2020 to December 2021, 5 patients (5 eyes) with corneal suture-related infectious endophthalmitis diagnosed by ophthalmic examination at Department of Ophthalmology of the Eye-ENT Hospital of Fudan University were included in the study. Among them, there were 3 males and 2 females; all had unilateral disease; the mean age was 30.80±21.98 years. Sutures of 4 cases were secondary to lens related surgery and of 1 case was secondary to penetrating keratoplasty. Average retention time of corneal suture was 20.00±7.41 months. Of the 5 eyes, corneal sutures were removed in 1 eye due to redness and eye pain in another hospital; 3 eyes were loosened of the sutures in the remaining 4 eyes. The patients were given standard treatment for infectious endophthalmitis, including systemic and local anti-infective therapy; corneal suture removal, intraocular injection, and vitrectomy (PPV). In PPV, it was decided whether to give silicone oil filling according to the situation. The follow-up time after treatment was 11.00±7.38 months. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), B-mode ultrasound and microbial culture results of the affected eye before and after surgery were observed and analyzed.Results:Infiltrates, ulcers, or abscesses surrounding the suture may be seen on the cornea of the affected eye. B-mode ultrasonography showed vitreous opacity, preretinal cords, and spherical wall edema in the entire segment of the affected eye. The results of vitreous humor culture were positive in 3 eyes, which were Streptococcus viridis, Staphylococcus hominis subspecies, Staphylococcus epidermidis. After treatment, all the intraocular infections in the affected eyes were successfully controlled, and there were no cases of enucleation of ocular contents or enucleation. Before treatment, the BCVA of the affected eye was from no light perception to counting fingers; after treatment, 2 eyes had BCVA> 0.3.Conclusions:Infiltration, ulcers or abscesses around the sutures can be seen in the cornea of corneal suture-related infective endophthalmitis patients, which are related to the long-term retention of the sutures in the eye. Most of the affected eyes have loose sutures when they go to the doctor; timely treatment can effectively control the infection, and some eyes have good visual prognosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928884

ABSTRACT

As an important auxiliary tool for amputees to gain abled limb functions, prosthetic limbs with decoration or feedforward control channel could not meet the needs. In order to enable the prosthesis to deliver the information, includes temperature, pressure, position, shape and so on, a variety of sensory feedback methods have been integrated into the prosthesis. According to the position of the feedback terminal on the human body, the perceptual feedback systems include invasive and noninvasive sensory feedback. This review presents the research progress of these perceptual feedback techniques, and summarizes the problems in the application in artificial limbs. Finally, the development trend of sensory feedback technology in prostheses is prospected.


Subject(s)
Amputees , Artificial Limbs , Feedback, Sensory , Humans , Prosthesis Design , Technology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the clinical features and prognosis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with chronic myeloid leukemia.Methods:A retrospective case series study. From May 2011 to December 2020, 5 patients (10 eyes) were included in this study in Eye-ENT Hospital of Fudan University. Basic information about the patient's age, gender, diabetes history and CML history were collected. The endocrine and hematological indexes of all patients were evaluated. All the patients were undertaken visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit lamp and fundus examination and other examinations to observe the eye conditions. Ophthalmic treatments included panretinal laser photocoagulation, intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, vitrectomy. During the follow up period from 5 months to 6 years, prognosis was observed at each office visit. During the follow up period, patients' vision, intraocular pressure, anterior segment and retinal status were observed.Results:There were 4 males and a female in 5 patients. The ages were from 27 to 49 years, with the mean age of 39 years. All patients were bilateral. All patients suffered type 2 diabetes for 3 months to 13 years. Four of them were diagnosed as chronic myeloid leukemia before visiting to ophthalmologists, while the other visited to ophthalmology first due to poor vision. The initial visual acuity ranged from light perception to 0.4 and 6 eyes were less than 0.1. In addition to the typical manifestations of diabetic retinopathy, such as venous tortuous dilation, exudation, microaneurysm and neovascularization, patients also presented with Roth spot as leukemic fundus manifestations. All eyes developed to PDR stage. Abnormal thickening of the neovascular membranes may occur in the lower part of the retina, with secondary traction retinal detachment. All the eyes were treated with pan retinal photocoagulation and 9 eyes underwent pars plana vitrectomy. After treatment, retina of 8 eyes kept flat. The best corrected visual acuity ranged from no light perception to 1.0, and only 4 eyes reached more than 0.2. Unfortunately, one eye lost vision because of secondary neovascular glaucoma.Conclusions:PDR patients with CMLof fundus not only have venous tortuous dilation, exudation, microaneurysm and neovascularization, also present with Roth spot as leukemic fundus manifestations. Diabetic retinopathy combined with CML could progress rapidly, and its aggravating complications such as hyperplastic membrane, vitreous hemorrhage and traction retinal detachment may result in poor visual prognosis. Early screening and treatment can help improve the prognosis of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of Flt3 ligand (Flt3L) and growth arrest specific protein 6 (Gas6) in post-chemotherapy infection of patients with non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma.Methods:A total of 94 NHL patients admitted to Wuhan No.1 Hospital for chemotherapy from July 2019 to October 2020 were collected, and divided into infection group ( n=40) and non-infection group ( n=54). Fifty healthy subjects at the same period were selected as the control group to analyze the expression levels of Flt3L, Gas6 and general inflammatory indicators among the three groups. The relationship between Flt3L, Gas6 and general inflammatory indicators were analyzed. The predictive value of Flt3L and Gas6 for post-chemotherapy infection in NHL patients was analyzed by ROC curve. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the infection status of NHL chemotherapy patients with serum Flt3L and Gas6 levels. Results:The levels of serum Flt3L [807.80(215.10-1 232.00) pg/ml] and Gas6 [20.04(13.14-27.52) ng/ml] in the infection group were higher than those in the non-infection group and the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05);The levels of serum Flt3L[887.3(321.60-1 367.00) pg/ml] and Gas6[25.24(17.61-42.86) ng/ml] in the severely infection group were higher than those in the mildly infection group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). serum Flt3L was negatively correlated with WBC and positively correlated with IL-6;serum Gas6 was negatively correlated with WBC.ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC and 95% CI of Flt3L and Gas6 were 0.814 (0.718-0.909) and 0.644 (0.523-0.765), respectively. The combined application of serum Flt3L with hsCRP, PCT and IL-6 significantly improved the diagnostic efficiency, and the area under the curve was 0.956, 0.923 and 0.865, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that when serum Flt3L≥649.80 pg/ml and serum Gas6≥21.50 ng/ml in NHL chemotherapy patients, the infection rate was significantly increased ( P all<0.05). Conclusion:Serum Flt3L and Gas6 levels in post chemotherapy-infection of NHL patients were significantly increased and correlated with the severity of infection. Early detection of serum Flt3L levels is helpful to predict the diagnosis of infection in NHL patients after chemotherapy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909150

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of arthroscopic debridement followed by imrecoxib combined with sodium aescinate application in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods:Ninety patients with knee osteoarthritis who received treatment in Lianshui County People's Hospital, China between February 2019 and February 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive imrecoxib treatment (control group A, n = 30), sodium aescinate treatment (control group B, n = 30) or imrecoxib combined with sodium aescinate treatment (observation group, n = 30). The clinical efficacy of different treatment strategies was compared. Results:Total effective rate in the observation group [93.33% (28/30)] was significantly higher than that in the control group A [70.0% (21/30)] and control group B [76.67% (23/30)] ( χ2 = 9.615, P < 0.05). In the observation group, postoperative pain and knee joint inflammation were more greatly mitigated, and knee joint function was better recovered compared with the control groups A and B ( F = 4.124, 3.895, 4.879, all P < 0.05). In the observation group, interlekin-1 level was significantly lower and interleukin-1β was significantly higher than those in the control groups A and B ( F = 3.423, 2.362, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Arthroscopic debridement followed by imrecoxib combined with sodium aescinate application in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis has a positive effect on postoperative knee joint function recovery, comfort and reduction of inflammatory factors, which deserves clinical popularization.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) during the pathogenesis of periodontitis by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#GEO2R was used to screen DEGs in GSE10334 and GSE16134. Then, the overlapped DEGs were used for further analysis. g:Profiler was used to perform Gene Ontology analysis and pathway analysis for upregulated and downregulated DEGs. The STRING database was used to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, which was further visua-lized and analyzed by Cytoscape software. Hub genes and key modules were identified by cytoHubba and MCODE plug-ins, respectively. Finally, transcription factors were predicted via iRegulon plug-in.@*RESULTS@#A total of 196 DEGs were identified, including 139 upregulated and 57 downregulated DEGs. Functional enrichment analysis showed that the upregulated DEGs were mainly enriched in immune-related pathways including immune system, viral protein interaction with cytokine and cytokine receptor, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, leukocyte transendothelial migration, and chemokine receptors bind chemokines. On the contrary, the downregulated DEGs were mainly related to the formation of the cornified envelope and keratinization. The identified hub genes in the PPI network were CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCR4, SEL, CD19, and IKZF1. The top three modules were involved in chemokine response, B cell receptor signaling pathway, and interleukin response, respectively. iRegulon analysis revealed that IRF4 scored the highest.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pathogenesis of periodontitis was closely associated with the expression levels of the identified hub genes including CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCR4, SELL, CD19, and IKZF1. IRF4, the predicted transcription factor, might serve as a dominant upstream regulator.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Periodontitis , Protein Interaction Maps
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1453-1459, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establ ish characteristic pattern of vinegar-processed product of Schisandra chinensis formula granules from different habitats ,and to determine the contents of 5 components. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Agilent ZORBAX SB-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water (gradient elution)at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃,and detection wavelength was set at 220 nm. The sample size was 10 µL. Using schisandrin as reference ,HPLC characteristic pattern of 19 batches of vinegar-processed S. chinensis formula granules was drawn. The similarity evaluation was performed with Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatographic Fingerprints (2012 edition),and common peaks were confirmed. The contents of schisandrin ,schisandrol, angeloylgomisin H ,schizandrin and deoxyschizandrin were determined by same method. RESULTS :There were 8 common peaks in 19 batches of vinegar-processed S. chinensis formula granules ,and the similarities were all above 0.996;five of them were identified as schisandrin ,schisandrol,angeloylgomisin H ,schizandrin and deoxyschizandrin ,respectively. The linear range of schisandrin,schisandrol,angeloylgomisin H ,schizandrin and deoxyschizandrin were 0.030-0.380,0.016-0.195,0.009-0.115, 0.006-0.078 and 0.011-0.138 μg(r>0.999),respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2%. Average recoveries were 99.84%,99.54%,99.28%,100.03%,100.27%(RSD<1.4%,n=9). Average contents of five components in 19 batches of samples were in the range of 0.15%-0.36%,0.02%-0.16%,0.02%-0.06%,0.02%-0.08% and 0.08%-0.17%,respectively;among them ,total contents of five components in sample S 18 and S 19 from Hebei province were relatively high ,while those were relatively low in sample S 16 and S 17(RSD=42%);RSD of total content in other samples (S1-S15)was 12%,and was lower than that of Hebei province ;total content of five components were higher in sample from Jilin province. CONCLUSIONS : Established characteristic pattern and method for the content determination are specific and reproducible,and can be used for the quality evaluation of vinegar-processed S. chinensis formula granules. The total content fluctuation of vinegar-processed product of S. chinensis formula granules from Liaoning ,Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces is lower than that in Hebei province ,and the quality of vinegar-processed Δ 基金项目:国家中药标准化项目(No.ZYB2H-Y-GD-13) *主管中药师 ,硕士 。研究方向 :中药质量标准 。E-mail: S. chinensis formula granules from Jilin province is the best. lzz332@126.com

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 314-317, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the initial high resolution CT (HRCT) manifestations and clinical features of imported COVID-19 in Guangzhou.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 91 COVID-19 patients admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital from January 22 to 30, 2020 was performed including 39 males and 52 females, with a median age of 50 (33-62) years,then their clinical features and HRCT characteristics were analyzed.Results:The main clinical presentations included fever in 70 cases and cough in 57 cases(mainly dry cough in 39 cases). The first time HRCT showed that 24 cases with COVID-19 were normal, however other 67 cases were abnormal. The ground glass opacity in the lung on HRCT was found in 65 cases, including 64 cases with dilated blood vessel crossing the lesion, 50 cases with thickened adjacent pleura, and 47 cases with thickening of interstitial septum. The patchy opacity was seen in 42 cases, and no enlarged lymph nodes were observed in all patients. As for the lesion distribution, there were two cases with bilateral diffuse changes, 57 cases with multiple lesions, 8 cases with the lesion in only one lobe. The lesions were mainly located under the pleura area in 46 cases, including 39 cases in the lower lobe and other 7 cases in the upper lobe. And there were 13 cases without characteristic distribution in the lung.Conclusion:The initial images of COVID-19 in Guangzhou mainly showed multiple ground glass opacity, which were mostly seen in the subpleural and lower lung fields, most of them with thickened pulmonary interstitium. Guangzhou has a higher proportion of COVID-19 patients with mild and general patients, and some confirmed patients show negative HRCT for the first time. Patients without HRCT changes should be reviewed in a timely manner.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 010-010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787572

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the initial HRCT manifestations and clinical features of imported novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of 91 NCP patients admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital from January 22 to 30, 2020 was performed including 39 males and 52 females, with a median age of 50 (33-62) years, then their clinical features and HRCT characteristics were analyzed.@*Results@#The main clinical presentations included fever in 70 cases and cough in 57 cases(mainly dry coughin39 cases). The first time HRCT showed that 24 cases with NCP were normal, however other 67 cases were abnormal. The ground glass opacity in the lung on HRCT was found in 65 cases, including 64 cases with dilated blood vessel crossing the lesion, 50 cases with thickened adjacent pleura, and 47 cases with thickening of interstitial septum. The patchy opacity was seen in 42 cases, and no enlarged lymph nodes were observed in all patients. As for the lesion distribution, there were two cases with bilateral diffuse changes, 57 cases with multiple lesions, 8 cases with the lesion in only one lobe. The lesions were mainly located under the pleura area in 46 cases, including 39 cases in the lower lobe and other 7 cases in the upper lobe. And there were 13 cases without characteristic distribution in the lung.@*Conclusions@#The initial images of NCP in Guangzhou mainly showed multiple ground glass opacity, which were mostly seen in the subpleural and lower lung fields, most of them with thickened pulmonary interstitium. Guangzhou has a higher proportion of NCP patients with mild and general patients, and some confirmed patients show negative HRCT for the first time. Patients without HRCT changes should be reviewed in a timely manner.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799472

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the alterations and clinical significance of serum calcium binding protein S100A8/A9 and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).@*Methods@#Enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay was established to detect serum levels of S100A8/A9 and sRAGE in 203 patients with COPD[male166, female 37, aged 52-92 years, average years(69.72±9.079)] and in 41 smoking elderly non-COPD patients[male 35,female 6, aged 55-89 years, average years(68.66±8.74)], and 167 non-smoking healthy subjects as the control group[male 132, female 35, aged 57-92 years, average years(69.13±7.21)] from April 2018 to January 2019. The relationship between the S100A8/A9, sRAGE and clinical biomarkers [the percentage of fored expiratory volume in one second(FEV1) in the predicted value, FEV1/fored vital capacity(FVC), neutrophile granulocyte(NEU)%, pack-year] were investigated. The diagnostic value of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and their combined detection for COPD was analyzed using the subject operating characteristic curve.@*Results@#The serum S100A8/A9 level [(2.70±1.11)μg/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group [(1.65±0.63) μg/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.99±0.48)μg/ml], t=5.807, P<0.000 1; t=18.45, P<0.000 1. The serum S100A8/A9 levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(2.08±1.08) μg/ml, GOLDⅡ (2.58±1.06) μg/ml, GOLD Ⅲ (2.69±1.12) μg/ml, GOLDⅣ (2.95±1.10)μg/ml] were significantly higher than the non-smoking control group(0.99±0.48)μg/ml, t=6.616, P<0.000 1; t=14.56, P<0.000 1; t=17.10, P<0.000 1; t=18.09, P<0.000 1.The serum sRAGE level [(0.29±0.25)ng/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group[(0.60±0.24)ng/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=7.367, P<0.000 1; t=18.14, P<0.000 1. The serum sRAGE levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(0.46±0.40),GOLDⅡ (0.28±0.25),GOLD Ⅲ (0.29±0.25),GOLD Ⅳ (0.25±0.19)ng/ml] were significantly lower compared with non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=3.459, P=0.000 5; t=10.23, P<0.000 1; t=13.95, P<0.000 1; t=11.70, P<0.000 1. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were positively correlated with smoking amount and NEU% (r=0.458 5, P<0.000 1; r=0.228 3, P=0.001 1), negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC, the percentage of FEV1 in the predicted value, and sRAGE(r=-0.190 6, P=0.006 4; r=-0.186 3, P=0.007 8; r=-0.201 7, P=0.003 9). sRAGE levels were negatively correlated with NEU% (r=-0.155 9, P=0.026 4). In the ROC curve, the area under the curve of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and combined detection were 0.922[95%CI(0.897-0.947)], 0.926[95%CI(0.899-0.952)]and 0.966 [95%CI(0.950-0.983)], respectively.@*Conclusion@#S100A8/A9 and sRAGE are closely correlated with the degree of airflow constrains and the levels of serum inflammatory mediators, which are expected to be as potential biomarkers of COPD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the alterations and clinical significance of serum calcium binding protein S100A8/A9 and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:Enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay was established to detect serum levels of S100A8/A9 and sRAGE in 203 patients with COPD[male166, female 37, aged 52-92 years, average years(69.72±9.079)] and in 41 smoking elderly non-COPD patients[male 35,female 6, aged 55-89 years, average years(68.66±8.74)], and 167 non-smoking healthy subjects as the control group[male 132, female 35, aged 57-92 years, average years(69.13±7.21)] from April 2018 to January 2019. The relationship between the S100A8/A9, sRAGE and clinical biomarkers [the percentage of fored expiratory volume in one second(FEV 1) in the predicted value, FEV 1/fored vital capacity(FVC), neutrophile granulocyte(NEU)%, pack-year] were investigated. The diagnostic value of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and their combined detection for COPD was analyzed using the subject operating characteristic curve. Results:The serum S100A8/A9 level [(2.70±1.11)μg/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group [(1.65±0.63) μg/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.99±0.48)μg/ml], t=5.807, P<0.000 1; t=18.45, P<0.000 1. The serum S100A8/A9 levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(2.08±1.08) μg/ml, GOLDⅡ (2.58±1.06) μg/ml, GOLD Ⅲ (2.69±1.12) μg/ml, GOLDⅣ (2.95±1.10)μg/ml] were significantly higher than the non-smoking control group(0.99±0.48)μg/ml, t=6.616, P<0.000 1; t=14.56, P<0.000 1; t=17.10, P<0.000 1; t=18.09, P<0.000 1.The serum sRAGE level [(0.29±0.25)ng/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group[(0.60±0.24)ng/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=7.367, P<0.000 1; t=18.14, P<0.000 1. The serum sRAGE levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(0.46±0.40),GOLDⅡ (0.28±0.25),GOLD Ⅲ (0.29±0.25),GOLD Ⅳ (0.25±0.19)ng/ml] were significantly lower compared with non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=3.459, P=0.000 5; t=10.23, P<0.000 1; t=13.95, P<0.000 1; t=11.70, P<0.000 1. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were positively correlated with smoking amount and NEU% ( r=0.458 5, P<0.000 1; r=0.228 3, P=0.001 1), negatively correlated with FEV 1/FVC, the percentage of FEV 1 in the predicted value, and sRAGE( r=-0.190 6, P=0.006 4; r=-0.186 3, P=0.007 8; r=-0.201 7, P=0.003 9). sRAGE levels were negatively correlated with NEU% ( r=-0.155 9, P=0.026 4). In the ROC curve, the area under the curve of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and combined detection were 0.922[95 %CI(0.897-0.947)], 0.926[95 %CI(0.899-0.952)]and 0.966 [95 %CI(0.950-0.983)], respectively. Conclusion:S100A8/A9 and sRAGE are closely correlated with the degree of airflow constrains and the levels of serum inflammatory mediators, which are expected to be as potential biomarkers of COPD.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): E010-E010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811619

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the initial HRCT manifestations and clinical features of imported novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of 91 NCP patients admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital from January 22 to 30, 2020 was performed including 39 males and 52 females, with a median age of 50 (33-62) years, then their clinical features and HRCT characteristics were analyzed.@*Results@#The main clinical presentations included fever in 70 cases and cough in 57 cases(mainly dry coughin39 cases). The first time HRCT showed that 24 cases with NCP were normal, however other 67 cases were abnormal. The ground glass opacity in the lung on HRCT was found in 65 cases, including 64 cases with dilated blood vessel crossing the lesion, 50 cases with thickened adjacent pleura, and 47 cases with thickening of interstitial septum. The patchy opacity was seen in 42 cases, and no enlarged lymph nodes were observed in all patients. As for the lesion distribution, there were two cases with bilateral diffuse changes, 57 cases with multiple lesions, 8 cases with the lesion in only one lobe. The lesions were mainly located under the pleura area in 46 cases, including 39 cases in the lower lobe and other 7 cases in the upper lobe. And there were 13 cases without characteristic distribution in the lung.@*Conclusions@#The initial images of NCP in Guangzhou mainly showed multiple ground glass opacity, which were mostly seen in the subpleural and lower lung fields, most of them with thickened pulmonary interstitium. Guangzhou has a higher proportion of NCP patients with mild and general patients, and some confirmed patients show negative HRCT for the first time. Patients without HRCT changes should be reviewed in a timely manner.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 99-102, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816853

ABSTRACT

Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is a disease associated with various factors such as psychological conditions, age, physical illness, and drugs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the advantages for the studies FSD due to its non-invasiveness and high soft-tissue contrast. Brain MRI revealed significant differences in brain function activation sites and signaling between women with FSD and those with normal sexual function. Pelvic MRI found a close relation of the location and size of the clitoris with the sexual function of women, which may help to determine the lesion area of the FSD patient. A comparative analysis of the central nervous system and peripheral reproductive organs in women with normal sexual function and FSD patients by MRI is of great value for exploring the etiology of FSD and its treatment options.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal thermal effect parameter combination of An-pressing manipulation based on the pressing force, time and frequency, and to compare the thermal effect differences between the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations. Methods:Three levels of light, moderate and heavy pressing forces were determined according to the An-pressing forces of the clinical tuina physicians; the pressing time and frequency parameters were determined according to the literatures about An-pressing manipulation. The volunteers were stimulated by the homemade An-pressing manipulation stimulator on the right Xinshu (BL 15), and then the three-factor and three-level orthogonal tests were carried out according to the test sequence specified by the L9(34) orthogonal table, and the temperature before and after pressing was recorded by an infrared thermal imaging system to screen the best parameters for the thermal effect of the An-pressing manipulation, thus to determine the optimal pressing parameters. The optimal parameters were then used for both continuous and rhythmic An-pressing manipulations to stimulate the bilateral Xinshu (BL 15). The temperature changes after pressing and the duration of the thermal effect (temperature difference ≤0.5℃ on both sides) were recorded by the infrared thermal imaging system, to explore the differences in the thermal effects of different An-pressing manipulations. Results:Among the three factors of pressing force, time and frequency, the influences of different pressing forces on temperature were significantly different (F=32.843,P=0.030), and the influence of 2.5 kg pressing force was the most significant; the effects of different pressing time on temperature were significantly different (F=54.102,P=0.018), and the pressing time of 7.5 min was the most significant; the influences of different pressing frequencies on temperature were not statistically significant (F=2.181,P=0.314), though the influence of 10 times/min pressing frequency was the largest. The influences on temperature difference of the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations were significantly different (P=0.031 on the left side andP=0.045 on the right side), but there was no statistical difference in the duration of the thermal effect (P=0.690). Conclusion:The An-pressing manipulation parameters that significantly affect the temperature difference are pressing force and time. The optimal combination of thermal effect parameters is pressing force of 2.5 kg, time of 7.5 min, and frequency of 10 times/min. The local thermal effect of the rhythmic An-pressing manipulation is significantly greater than of the continuous An-pressing manipulation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the early diagnostic value of F-wave for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods:A total of 211 patients with type 2 diabetes who were admitted to hospital from January to October, 2018 were selected. The nerve conduction studies (NCS) of lower limbs and the minimum latency of F-wave in tibial nerve were measured. The height corrected reference of F-wave was used to judge the abnormality of F-wave. According to the clinical symptoms and signs, they were divided into symptomatic group (n = 126) and asymptomatic group (n = 85). According to the duration of diabetes, they were divided into three groups: less than one year group (n = 45), one to ten years group (n = 85) and more than ten years group (n = 81). The abnormal rates of motor nerve conduction studies (MNCS), sensory nerve conduction studies (SNCS), NCS and F-wave minimum latency in different groups were compared. Results:The abnormal rate of F-wave was higher than that of MNCS, SNCS and NCS in lower limbs in the symptomatic group (χ2 > 7.088, P < 0.01). The abnormal rate of F-wave in the asymptomatic group was prominently higher than that of MNCS, SNCS and NCS (χ2 > 7.545, P < 0.01). The abnormal rate of F-wave in each course was higher than that of MNCS, SNCS and NCS (P < 0.05). Conclusion:The abnormal of F-wave minimum latency is more senstive than that of MNCS, SNCS and NCS, which suggested subclinical lesions, and is valuable for the early diagnosis of DPN.

17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2356-2359, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778953

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinicopathological features of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE). MethodsThe clinical data, histopathological data, and immunohistochemical results of 5 patients with HEHE were observed. ResultsThere were 3 male and 2 female patients. Major clinical manifestations included persistent abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, nausea, loss of weight, and pyrexia. One patient was found to have this disease during physical examination. Of all patients, 2 had a single nodule and 3 had multiple nodules. The tumor cells were relatively normal in morphology and were arranged in a cord-like shape or a small nested shape; the cells had a round, spindle-like, or irregular shape; the cells were rich in epithelioid eosinophilic cytoplasm, with branched cytoplasmic processes and cavity formation in cytoplasm. The tumor background was characteristic mucoid hyaline degeneration of cartilage-like matrix or glassy degeneration of fibrous matrix. Nuclear division and necrosis were observed occasionally. Vascular markers, such as CD31, CD34, Fli-1, coagulation factor VIII, and vascular endothelial growth factor, were expressed in tumor cells, and tumor cells tended to have a low proliferative activity. ConclusionHEHE has various clinical manifestations and treatment methods. Liver biopsy helps to make a confirmed diagnosis and select a proper treatment regimen before treatment.

18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 172-175, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775199

ABSTRACT

Penile erectile dysfunction (ED) is ascribed to the contraction-relaxation imbalance of smooth muscle cells (SMC), the weakening of their diastolic function and the strengthening of their systolic function. The contraction-related signaling pathways, cell membrane ion channels and SMC phenotypes all participate in the regulation of their contraction and its malfunction may cause a variety of SMC-related diseases. The signaling pathways RhoA/Rock and Raf/MEK/ERK1/2 interact with each other, suppressing the expression of the RhoA protein or reducing the level of Rock2 phosphorylation, which may contribute to the treatment of ED. The poor performance of VDCC or TRPC is reckoned to be an important cause of hypertension- or diabetes-related ED. The expressions of CaV1.2, TRPC1 and TRPC4 can be upregulated by many pathological factors, which may enhance the contraction of SMCs. The pathogenesis of ED may be associated with the differentiation of the phenotypes corpus cavernosal SMCs. This review focuses on the recent progress in the studies of the relationship between SMC contraction and ED.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Complications , Erectile Dysfunction , Humans , Hypertension , Ion Channels , Metabolism , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Muscle Contraction , Physiology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Physiology , Penile Erection , Physiology , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction , Physiology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691402

ABSTRACT

Amarogentin is an efficacious Chinese herbal medicine and a component of the bitter apricot kernel. It is commonly used as an expectorant and supplementary anti-cancer drug. β-Glucosidase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes the glycosidic bond between aryl and saccharide groups to release glucose. Upon their interaction, β-glucosidase catalyzes amarogentin to produce considerable amounts of hydrocyanic acid, which inhibits cytochrome C oxidase, the terminal enzyme in the mitochondrial respiration chain, and suspends adenosine triphosphate synthesis, resulting in cell death. Hydrocyanic acid is a cell-cycle-stage-nonspecific agent that kills cancer cells. Thus, β-glucosidase can be coupled with a tumor-specific monoclonal antibody. β-Glucosidase can combine with cancer-cell-surface antigens and specifically convert amarogentin to an active drug that acts on cancer cells and the surrounding antibodies to achieve a killing effect. β-Glucosidase is injected intravenously and recognizes cancer-cell-surface antigens with the help of an antibody. The prodrug amarogentin is infused after β-glucosidase has reached the target position. Coupling of cell membrane peptides with β-glucosidase allows the enzyme to penetrate capillary endothelial cells and clear extracellular deep solid tumors to kill the cells therein. The Chinese medicine amarogentin and β-glucosidase will become an important treatment for various tumors when an appropriate monoclonal antibody is developed.


Subject(s)
Amygdalin , Therapeutic Uses , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Cell-Penetrating Peptides , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Iridoids , Therapeutic Uses , Prodrugs , Therapeutic Uses , beta-Glucosidase , Therapeutic Uses
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698205

ABSTRACT

Transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF)has been used for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)via repairing the gastroesophageal junction valve. Both the clinical report and control study confirmed that,with the prerequisite of rational selection of patients,TIF as an emerging technology can effectively cure or improve the clinical symptoms of GERD,esophagitis,and level of esophageal acid exposure. Compared with the traditional treatment,TIF is more effective,safe and having lasting effect for the rationally selected GERD patients. This article reviewed advances in study on TIF for the treatment of GERD.

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