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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936237

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the sensitization characteristics of Juniperus chinensis pollen in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or allergic asthma in Beijing area, and to explore the characteristics of Juniper chinensis pollen sensitized population. Methods: Patients with suspected allergic rhinitis and/or asthma from January 2017 to December 2019 in the outpatient department of Allergy Department of Beijing Shijitan Hospital were selected in this study. Skin prick test (SPT) was performed with Juniper chinensis pollen allergen reagent to compare different age and disease allergen distribution, and to observe the sensitization characteristics of its population. All of the analyses were performed using SAS software version 9.4. Results: A total of 8 380 patients were enrolled in the end. The total positive rate of Juniper chinensis pollen SPT reached 49.92% (4 183/8 380). The positive rate of Juniper chinensis pollen SPT was highest in the 10-14 age group, reaching 60.99% (283/464). Compared with other age groups, there was a statistical difference (χ²=266.77, P<0.01). The SPT positive rate of patients aged less than 10 years increased with the increase of age, while the SPT positive rate of patients aged over 40 years decreased with the increase of age. Single Juniper chinensis pollen was less allergenic, accounting for about 25.05% (1 048/4 183), and the patients' age was (35.21±12.39) years. Regardless of single Juniper chinensis pollen or other pollen allergies, allergic rhinitis was the main disease. Among the patients with SPT positive Juniper chinensis pollen combined with other inhaled pollen allergens, willow pollen accounted for the first (74.99%). The positive rate of Juniper chinensis pollen was the highest in patients with single allergic rhinitis, accounting for 52.05% (3 797/7 295), and the rate in patients with single allergic asthma was the lowest, accounting for 17.49% (53/303), with statistically difference (χ²=138.99, P<0.01). Conclusions: Juniper chinensis pollen is highly sensitized in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or allergic asthma in Beijing . The positive rate of SPT is highest among 10-14 age group, most of which showed strong positive reaction, and allergic rhinitis is more common in Juniper chinensis pollen sensitization diseases.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allergens , Asthma , Child , Humans , Juniperus , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic , Skin Tests
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the onset and recurrence characteristics of noncardiogenic ischemic stroke patients in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective, multicenter and registry study was carried out in 2,558 patients at 7 representative clinical sub-centers during November 3, 2016 to February 17, 2019. A questionnaire was used to collect information of patients regarding CM syndromes and constitutions and associated risk factors. Additionally, stroke recurrence was defined as a primary outcome indicator.@*RESULTS@#A total of 327 (12.78 %) patients endured recurrence events, 1,681 (65.72%) were men, and the average age was 63.33 ± 9.45 years. Totally 1,741 (68.06%) patients suffered first-ever ischemic stroke, 1,772 (69.27%) patients reported to have hypertension, and 1,640 (64.11%) of them reported dyslipidemia, 1,595 (62.35%) patients exhibited small-artery occlusion by The Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification. Specifically, 1,271 (49.69%) patients were considered as qi-deficient constitution, and 1,227 (47.97%) patients were determined as stagnant blood constitution. There were 1,303 (50.94%) patients diagnosed as blood stasis syndrome, 1,280 (50.04%) patients exhibited phlegm and dampness syndrome and 1,012 (39.56%) patients demonstrated qi deficiency syndrome. And 1,033 (40.38%) patients declared intracranial artery stenosis, and 478 (18.69%) patients reported carotid artery stenosis. The plaque in 1,508 (41.36%) patients were of mixed. Particularly, 41.09% of them demonstrated abnormal levels of glycated hemoglobin levels.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Recurrence in minor and small-artery stroke cannot be ignored. Hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal HbA1c, intracranial artery stenosis and carotid plaque were more common in stroke patients. Particularly, phlegm-dampness and blood stasis syndromes, as well as qi deficiency and blood stasis constitutions, were still the main manifestations of stroke. (Trial registration at ClinicalTrials.gov No. NCT03174535).


Subject(s)
Aged , Constriction, Pathologic , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Hypertension , Ischemic Stroke , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Stroke/epidemiology , Syndrome
3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 244-247, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920760

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the serum uric acid levels among residents living in Balikun County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2018 to 2021, so as to provide insights into local hyperuricemia control.@*Methods@#The residents at ages of 20 to 69 years undergoing physical examinations in Balikun County Hospital during the period from 2018 to 2021 were enrolled. Their age, gender, and history of medication and disease were collected, and serum uric acid levels were measured. The gender- and age-specific prevalence of hyperuricemia and hypouricemia was descriptively analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 3 097 subjects were enrolled, which included 1 210 males ( 39.07% ) and 1 887 females ( 60.93% ) and had a mean age of ( 46.12±12.84 ) years. The overall mean serum uric acid was ( 260.41±71.99 ) μmol/L, and the mean serum uric acid was ( 298.22±69.57 ) μmol/L in men and ( 236.17±62.44 ) μmol/L in women. The serum uric acid level appeared a tendency towards a rise with ages both in whole study subjects and in women ( P<0.05 ). The overall prevalence of hyperuricemia was 4.26%, with 4.63% prevalence in men and 4.03% in women. The prevalence of hyperuricemia appeared a tendency towards a rise with ages both in whole study subjects and in women ( P<0.05 ). The overall prevalence of hypouricemia was 0.71%, with 0.25% prevalence in men and 1.01% in women; the prevalence of moderate hypouricemia was 11.11%, with 2.56% prevalence in men and 16.59% in women.@*Conclusions@#Low level of serum uric acid and prevalence of hyperuricemia is detected among residents living in Balikun County. Monitoring of serum uric acid is recommended to be intensified among men.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the amino acid metabolomics characteristics of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in mice with sepsis induced by the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP).@*METHODS@#The sepsis mouse model was prepared by CLP, and the mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group (sham group, n = 10) and a CLP model group (n = 10). On the 7th day after the operation, 5 mice were randomly selected from the surviving mice in each group, and the bone marrow MDSCs of the mice were isolated. Bone marrow MDSCs were separated to measure the oxygen consumption rate (OCR) by using Agilent Seahorse XF technology and to detect the contents of intracellular amino acids and oligopeptides through ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) technology. Different metabolites and potential biomarkers were analyzed by univariate statistical analysis and multivariate statistical analysis. The major metabolic pathways were enriched using the small molecular pathway database (SMPDB).@*RESULTS@#The proportion of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice (75.53% ± 6.02%) was significantly greater than that of the sham group (43.15%± 7.42%, t = 7.582, P < 0.001), and the basal respiratory rate [(50.03±1.20) pmol/min], maximum respiration rate [(78.07±2.57) pmol/min] and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production [(25.30±1.21) pmol/min] of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice were significantly greater than the basal respiration rate [(34.53±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 17.41, P < 0.001)], maximum respiration rate [(42.57±1.87) pmol/min, (t = 19.33, P < 0.001)], and ATP production [(12.63±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 14.18, P < 0.001)] of sham group. Leucine, threonine, glycine, etc. were potential biomarkers of septic MDSCs (all P < 0.05). The increased amino acids were mainly enriched in metabolic pathways, such as malate-aspartate shuttle, ammonia recovery, alanine metabolism, glutathione metabolism, phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism, urea cycle, glycine and serine metabolism, β-alanine metabolism, glutamate metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The enhanced mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, malate-aspartate shuttle and alanine metabolism in MDSCs of CLP mice may provide raw materials for mitochondrial aerobic respiration, thereby promoting the immunosuppressive function of MDSCs. Blocking the above metabolic pathways may reduce the risk of secondary infection in sepsis and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Alanine/metabolism , Animals , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Glycine/metabolism , Malates/metabolism , Mice , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells/metabolism , Sepsis/complications , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 540-549, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940920

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the platinum drugs resistance effect of N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) overexpression in breast cancer cell line and elucidate the underlining mechanisms. Methods: The experiment was divided into wild-type (MCF-7 wild-type cells without any treatment) group, NAT10 overexpression group (H-NAT10 plasmid transfected into MCF-7 cells) and NAT10 knockdown group (SH-NAT10 plasmid transfected into MCF-7 cells). The invasion was detected by Transwell array, the interaction between NAT10 and PARP1 was detected by co-immunoprecipitation. The impact of NAT10 overexpression or knockdown on the acetylation level of PARP1 and its half-life was also determined. Immunostaining and IP array were used to detect the recruitment of DNA damage repair protein by acetylated PARP1. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis. Results: Transwell invasion assay showed that the number of cell invasion was 483.00±46.90 in the NAT10 overexpression group, 469.00±40.50 in the NAT10 knockdown group, and 445.00±35.50 in the MCF-7 wild-type cells, and the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). In the presence of 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin, the number of cell invasion was 502.00±45.60 in the NAT10 overexpression group and 105.00±20.50 in the NAT10 knockdown group, both statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with 219.00±31.50 in wild-type cells. In the presence of 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin, NAT10 overexpression enhanced the binding of PARP1 to NAT10 compared with wild-type cells, whereas the use of the NAT10 inhibitor Remodelin inhibited the mutual binding of the two. Overexpression of NAT10 induced PARP1 acetylation followed by increased PARP1 binding to XRCC1, and knockdown of NAT10 expression reduced PARP1 binding to XRCC1. Overexpression of NAT10 enhanced PARP1 binding to LIG3, while knockdown of NAT10 expression decreased PARP1 binding to LIG3. In 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin-treated cells, the γH2AX expression level was 0.38±0.02 in NAT10 overexpressing cells and 1.36±0.15 in NAT10 knockdown cells, both statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with 1.00±0.00 in wild-type cells. In 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin treated cells, the apoptosis rate was (6.54±0.68)% in the NAT10 overexpression group and (12.98±2.54)% in the NAT10 knockdown group, both of which were statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with (9.67±0.37)% in wild-type cells. Conclusion: NAT10 overexpression enhances the binding of NAT10 to PARP1 and promotes the acetylation of PARP1, which in turn prolongs the half-life of PARP1, thus enhancing PARP1 recruitment of DNA damage repair related proteins to the damage sites, promoting DNA damage repair and ultimately the survival of breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/enzymology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Female , Humans , MCF-7 Cells , N-Terminal Acetyltransferases/metabolism , Organoplatinum Compounds/pharmacology , Oxaliplatin/pharmacology , X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940801

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy of Bushen Shengxue prescription and Yiqi Yangxue prescription in the treatment of chronic aplastic anemia and the effect on T cell subsets and the expression of T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet) and GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3). MethodA total of 585 patients with chronic aplastic anemia who were treated in 19 hospitals in China from May 2018 to June 2021 were enrolled. With the prospective, double-blind and randomized control methods, the patients were randomized into three groups: kidney deficiency group, Qi and blood deficiency group, and control group. The three groups were respectively treated with Bushen Shengxue prescription granule, Yiqi Yangxue prescription granule, and Placebo (half the dose of Bushen Shengxue formula granules). In addition, all of them were given oral cyclosporin and androgen. The treatment lasted 6 months, with 3 months as a course. The blood routine indexes, T cell subsets, and fusion genes T-bet and GATA3 before and after treatment were analyzed, and the safety indexes were monitored. ResultDuring the observation, a total of 75 cases dropped out and 18 were rejected. Finally, 161 cases in the kidney deficiency group, 164 in the Qi and blood deficiency group, and 167 in the control group were included. After 6 months of treatment, the total effective rate was 98.8% (159/161) in the kidney deficiency group, which was higher than the 79.9% (131/164) in the Qi and blood deficiency group (χ2=30.135, P<0.01) and the 61.7% (103/167) in the control group (χ2=70.126, P<0.01). The total effective rate was higher in the Qi and blood deficiency group than in the control group (χ2=13.232, P<0.01). After treatment, the hemoglobin (HGB) content increased significantly in three groups (P<0.05) as compared with that before treatment, particularly the kidney deficiency group (P<0.01). After treatment, the white blood cell (WBC) count and platelet (PLT) count in the kidney deficiency group and the control group increased compared with those in the Qi and blood deficiency group (P<0.01). There was no specific difference in neutrophils (ANC) after treatment among the three groups. At the same time point, the level of T helper type 1 (Th1) cells, Th1/Th2 ratio (P<0.05), level of CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio (P<0.05) were significantly low in the kidney deficiency group among three groups. There was no significant difference in CD19-, HLA/DR+, and CD25+ between the kidney deficiency group and the other two groups, but the T-bet of the kidney deficiency group and the control group was lower than that of the Qi and blood deficiency group (P<0.05). ConclusionBushen Shengxue prescription exerts therapeutic effect on the aplastic anemia by improving the immunoregulatory mechanism, inhibiting the activity of immune system, modulating T cell subsets, suppressing Th1 and CD4+, and promoting bone marrow hematopoiesis. Moreover, it is safe with little side effects, which is worthy of further promotion.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940784

ABSTRACT

Nasal preparations have unique advantages in drug delivery and are widely used in the treatment of local and systemic diseases. Nasal administration of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history in China. In recent years, nasal preparations of TCM have attracted wide attention. Based on the information about nasal preparations of TCM from the database of National Medical Products Administration (NMPA), Yaozh.com and China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) in the recent 30 years, the formulation, the listed products, commonly used TCM, pharmaceutical excipients, clinical application and safety research of modern nasal preparations of TCM were summarized and expounded. Focusing on many problems in the development of modern nasal preparations of TCM, such as inaccurate dosage of some products, incomplete quality standard system of pharmaceutical excipients, imperfect safety evaluation, lack of research and development of nasal drug delivery devices and so on, the possible solutions and prospects were put forward from the aspects of optimizing the extraction and separation process of TCM, the quality control and application method of pharmaceutical excipients, the development of new dosage forms, the safety evaluation of nasal administration of TCM, and the design and development of nasal administration devices. The aim is to provide ideas for the development of nasal preparations of TCM and provide scientific basis for its sustainable utilization.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937817

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Patients presenting with clinical characteristics that are strongly suggestive of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) have a high risk of developing definite NMOSD in the future. Little is known about the clinical course, treatment, and prognosis of these patients with likely NMOSD at disease onset. @*Methods@#This study prospectively recruited and visited 24 patients with the limited form of NMOSD (LF-NMOSD) at disease onset from November 2012 to June 2021. Their demographics, clinical course, longitudinal aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G (AQP4-IgG) serology, MRI, therapeutic management, and outcome data were collected and analyzed. @*Results@#The onset age of the cohort was 38.1±12.0 years (mean±standard deviation). The median disease duration was 73.5 months (interquartile range=44.3–117.0 months), and the follow-up period was 54.2±23.8 months. At the end of the last visit, the final diagnosis was categorized into AQP4-IgG-seronegative NMOSD (n=16, 66.7%), AQP4-IgG-seropositive NMOSD (n=7, 29.2%), or multiple sclerosis (n=1, 4.2%). Seven of the 24 patients (29.2%) experienced conversion to AQP4-IgG seropositivity, and the interval from onset to this serological conversion was 37.9±21.9 months. Isolated/mixed area postrema syndrome (APS) was the predominant onset phenotype (37.5%). The patients with isolated/mixed APS onset showed a predilection for conversion to AQP4-IgG seropositivity. All patients experienced a multiphasic disease course, with immunosuppressive therapy reducing the incidence rates of clinical relapse and residual functional disability. @*Conclusions@#Definite NMOSD may be preceded by LF-NMOSD, particularly isolated/ mixed APS. Intensive long-term follow-up and attack-prevention immunotherapeutic management is recommended in patients with LF-NMOSD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 63-68, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the expression and effect of small nuclear ribonucleoprotein-associated protein B (SNRPB) on proliferation and metastasis of liver cancer tissues and cells. Methods: The bioinformatics database starBase v3.0 and GEPIA were used to analyze the expression of SNRPB in liver cancer tissue and normal liver tissue, as well as the survival and prognosis of liver cancer patients. The expression of SNRPB mRNA and protein in liver cancer cell lines were analyzed by qRT-PCR and Western blot. RNA interference technique (siRNA) was used to determine SNRPB protein expression down-regulation. The proliferation effect on hepatocellular carcinoma cells was observed by MTT assay. Transwell invasion and migration assay was used to detect the changes in the metastatic ability of liver cancer cells after SNRPB down-regulation. Western blot was used to detect the changes of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in liver cancer cells after down-regulation of SNRPB expression. Data were compared between two groups and multiple groups using t-test and analysis of variance. Results: The expression of SNRPB was significantly higher in liver cancer tissue than normal liver tissue, and its expression level was correlated with the prognosis of liver cancer patients. Compared with the immortalized hepatocyte LO(2), the expression of SNRPB was significantly increased in the liver cancer cells (P < 0.01). siRNA-SNRPB had significantly inhibited the expression of SNRPB mRNA and protein in liver cancer cells. MTT results showed that the absorbance value was lower in SNRPB knockdown group than negative control group, and the difference at 96 h after transfection was most significant (P < 0.01). Transwell assay results showed that compared with the negative control group, the SNRPB knockdown group (MHCC-97H: 121.27 ± 8.12 vs. 46.38 ± 7.54; Huh7: 126.50 ± 6.98 vs. 41.10 ± 8.01) invasion and migration (MHCC-97H: 125.20 ± 4.77 vs. 43.18 ± 7.32; Huh7: 132.22 ± 8.21 vs. 38.00 ± 6.78) ability was significantly reduced (P < 0.01) in liver cancer cells. Western blot showed that the expression level of epithelial phenotype marker E-cadherin was decreased after down-regulation of SNRPB, while the expression levels of mesenchymal phenotype markers N-cadherin and vimentin was increased, suggesting that down-regulation of SNRPB inhibited EMT in liver cancer cells. Conclusion: SNRPB expression is significantly increased in liver cancer tissues and cells, and it is involved in regulating the proliferation, metastasis and EMT of liver cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , snRNP Core Proteins
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 134-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935657

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and genotype of PROS1 gene related hereditary protein S deficiency (PSD) with the onset of pulmonary embolism in children. Methods: A family with pulmonary embolism was diagnosed as hereditary PSD in the Department of Pediatrics of Peking University First Hospital in November 2020, and the clinical data, including clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, imaging and genetic results, were collected for a retrospective research. The family members were also screened for protein S activity and PROS1 gene mutations. A literature search with "PROS1" "protein S deficiency" "homozygous" and "complex heterozygous" as key words was conducted at PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform (up to October 2021). Case reports of patients with PROS1 gene homozygous or complex heterozygous variants and related clinical features, protein S activity, and genotype were reviewed and analyzed. Results: The proband, a 14-year-old girl, was admitted to the hospital for a 9-day history of coughing and a 4-day history of chest pain in November 2020. After admission, laboratory tests showed that D-dimer was 8.38 mg/L (reference:<0.24 mg/L). An urgent CT pulmonary angiography confirmed bilateral pulmonary embolism and right lower pulmonary infarction, while an ultrasonography showed deep vein thrombosis in her left leg. Further examination revealed that protein S activity was less than 10%. The proband's second sister, a 12-year-old girl, was admitted to the hospital in December 2020. Her protein S activity was 8% and an ultrasonography showed deep vein thrombosis in her right leg. The protein S activity of the proband's father and mother were 36% and 26%, respectively. Trio-whole-exome sequencing detected compound heterozygous PROS1 gene variants (c.-168C>T and c.200A>C (p.E67A)) for the proband and her second sister, that were inherited from her father and mother, respectively. The proband's third sister's protein S activity was 28%; she and the proband's grandfather both carried c.200A>C (p.E67A) variants. The proband and her younger sister were treated with rivaroxaban and responded well during the 3-month follow-up. A total of 1 Chinese report in literature and 18 English literature were retrieved and 14 patients with protein S deficiency caused by homozygous or complex heterozygous variants of PROS1 gene were enrolled, including 8 male and 6 female patients. The ages ranged from 4 days to 35 years. Three patients experienced fulminant purpura or severe intracranial hemorrhage in early neonatal-period, while the remaining 11 patients developed venous thromboembolism in adolescence. Protein S activity was examined in 11 patients, and all showed less than 10% of activity. Missense variants was the most common type of gene variants. Conclusions: For children with pulmonary embolism, if there are no clear risk factors for thrombosis, hereditary protein S deficiency should be considered, and protein S activity should be examined before oral anticoagulant drugs. If protein S activity is less than 10%, protein S deficiency caused by homozygous or complex heterozygous variants should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pedigree , Protein S/genetics , Protein S Deficiency/genetics , Pulmonary Embolism/genetics , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 23-27, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935465

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical pathological characteristics, immunophenotype, molecular changes and prognosis of the papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity (PRNRP). Methods: Nine cases of PRNRP, diagnosed from 2013 to 2019, were retrieved from the Department of Pathology of Nanjing Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine. Histomorphology, immunophenotype and molecular genetics were analyzed with review of the literatures. Results: There were five male and four female patients, aged from 49 to 70 years, with an average age of 60.1 years. During a mean follow-up of 29 months, one patient died for other cause, and the others survived without disease. Microscopically, the tumor cells arranged in papillary structure with a fibrovascular core, the surface of which was covered with a single layer of cuboidal or columnar cells. The most prominent feature was that the tumor nuclei located at the top of the cytoplasm far from the basement membrane, and they were monotonous in size and arranged neatly with no or few nucleoli. Immunohistochemically, all nine cases of PRNRP showed diffuse positive expression of CK7 and E-cadherin, various degrees of P504s expression, and no expression of CD10 and CD117, with a Ki-67 index of 1%-3%. Unlike other papillary renal cell carcinoma, the nine cases of PRNRP all showed characteristic positive expression of GATA3. The fluorescence in situ hybridization assay showed that the majority of PRNRPs (8/9) did not have triploids on chromosomes 7 and 17. The sequencing of the KRAS gene confirmed the presence of a nonsense KRAS mutation in 8 of the 9 cases. Conclusions: PRNRP is a subtype of papillary renal cell carcinoma with characteristic morphological, immunophenotypic and molecular features, and indolent behaviors. More data are needed to define PRNRP as "carcinoma", and a definitive diagnosis of PRNRP is of great significance for proper treatment choice and accurate prognostication.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 681-685, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935443

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the changes in tobacco use and exposure in primary school students in Shandong province in 2012 and 2019. Methods: A multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used in the survey. In 2012 and 2019, 5 861 and 4 021 students from 3 different cities of Shandong province were selected as the study population. The questionnaire was filled anonymously by the subjects. χ2 test was conducted to compare the difference of groups. Results: In 2012 and 2019, the rate of attempting smoking among pupils under this study in Shandong province were 6.0%and 6.3%, respectively, while the current smoking rate were 1.2%and 2.3%, respectively. The sex ratio of male and female students attempting to smoke was 2.56∶1 in 2012 and 1.31∶1 in 2019. The sex ratio of current smoking rate was 2.43∶1 and 2.00∶1, respectively in 2012 and in 2019. The rate of tobacco exposure in the public places was 50.5%and 41.4%, respectively. The rate of tobacco exposure in family was 49.7% and 46.4%, respectively. Two rates of tobacco exposure decreased, but the reduction in family (3.3%) was far less than that in public places (9.1%). In 2019, the rate of tobacco exposure in family was higher than that in public places. Conclusions: The tobacco exposure rate declined in senior pupils in Shandong province. However, the situation is still grim for the current smoking rate, growth trend of girls tobacco use, and tobacco exposure in family.


Subject(s)
Cities , Environment , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Tobacco Use/epidemiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 260-268, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935380

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the diversity differences of gut microbiota between school-aged obese children and normal-weight children and identify the characteristic flora in obese children to provide some evidence for the subsequent study of the following study-related mechanisms and the prevention and treatment of obesity in school-aged children. Methods: This study was based on a cohort established in a primary school in Jiading district, Shanghai, 2016. Sixty-three children, including 43 boys and 20 girls, who were obese during the three years from 2016 to 2018, were enrolled in the obesity group. Among children who were average weight for three years, a total of 63 were selected as the control group, with matching with the obese ones in a 1 to 1 way according to age, sex and class. The primary characteristics, diet status, breastfeeding, and other information of children were collected by questionnaire. Fecal samples of participants in both groups were collected, and 16S rDNA sequencing was performed. Operable taxon units clustering according to 97% similarity and species annotation were based on the quality-optimized sequences. The difference in the diversity and genius of gut microbiota among children in the obesity and control groups were analyzed. The α diversity indices, including Ace, Chao1, Shannon, and Simpson index, were calculated. The β diversity was presented based on unweighted Unifrac distance and weighted Unifrac space by principal coordinate analysis. The differences in β diversity between the two groups were compared by similarity analysis (ANOSIM).The differences in genus distribution between the two groups were selected by STAMP software. The association of obesity with the α diversity and genus with significant differences were analyzed by the generalized linear model (GLM). Results: The Ace and Chao1 index in the obesity group was significantly lower than those in the control group (The P values were 0.026 and 0.039, respectively). There was no significant difference in Shannon and Simpson index between the two groups (The P values were 0.879 and 0.922, respectively). The results of ANOSIM showed differences in gut microbiota between the two groups (R>0), but the group contribution was not significant (unweighted Unifrac distance: R=0.006, P=0.223; weighted Unifrac distance: R=0.010, P=0.134). Among the obese group, the relative abundance of Prevotella and Sarcina was highest in the endemic genus. The STAMP results showed that the relative lots of 15 genera were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05). The results of GLM showed that, compared with the control group, the obesity group had a lower level of the relative abundance in Akkermansia muciniphila, while a higher level in Coprococcus_3, Ruminococcus, Agathobacter and Collinsella. After stratification by sex, the Chao1 index was also lower in the obese boys than that in the normal-weight boys. However, the obese girls only had a higher level in Coprococcus_3 than the ordinary weight girls. Conclusions: Compared with children with average weight, obese children had lower α diversity of gut microbiota and lower relative abundance of dominant probiotics but had a higher relative lot of genus associated with metabolic disorders, inflammation promotion, and metabolism rate reduction.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Feces , Female , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/genetics , Humans , Male , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 263-269, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935138

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the long-term prognosis of fulminant myocarditis (FM) and non-fulminant myocarditis (NFM) patients who survived and discharged from hospital, and to explore the factors associated with the long-term prognosis and impaired cardiac function. Methods: This study was a retrospective study. Consecutive patients with acute myocarditis hospitalized in Tongji Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled and divided into FM group and NFM group according to the type of myocarditis. Then, patients in the FM group were further divided into normal cardiac function group and impaired cardiac function group according the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). All patients with acute myocarditis were treated with antiviral, immunomodulatory, immunosuppressive medications and symptomatic and supportive treatment, while FM patients were treated with comprehensive treatment plan. Clinical data at admission of enrolled patients were collected through the electronic medical record system. Patients were clinically followed-up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, then once a year after discharge by clinical visit. The primary endpoints included major cardiovascular events, impaired cardiac function was defined by LVEF<55%. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the occurrence of LVEF<55% and left ventricular enlargement during the follow-up of patients in FM group and NFM group, and Log-rank test was used for comparison between groups. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of impaired cardiac function in patients with FM during follow-up. Results: A total of 125 patients with acute myocarditis were enrolled (66 in FM group and 59 in NFM group). Compared with NFM group, the proportion of FM patients with the lowest LVEF<55% during hospitalization was higher (P<0.01), and the recovery time of normal LVEF during hospitalization was longer (P<0.01). The proportion of LVEF<55% at discharge was similar between the two groups (P=0.071). During the follow-up of 12 (6, 24) months, 1 patient (1.5%) died due to cardiac reasons in FM group after discharge, 16 patients (24.2%) had sustained LVEF<55% after discharge, and 8 patients (12.1%) had left ventricular enlargement. In NFM group, 3 patients (5.1%) had sustained LVEF<55%, and 1 patient (1.7%) had left ventricular enlargement. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the incidence of sustained LVEF<55% in FM group was higher than that in NFM group (P=0.003), and the incidence of left ventricular enlargement was also higher than that in NFM group (P=0.024). Subgroup analysis of patients in the FM group showed that, compared with the normal cardiac function group, the time from onset to admission was shorter (P=0.011), the proportion of LVEF<55% at discharge was higher (P=0.039), the proportion of coronary angiography was higher (P=0.014), and the LVEF recovery time during hospitalization was longer (P=0.036) in FM patients with impaired cardiac function. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that longer LVEF recovery time during hospitalization was an independent risk factor for cardiac function impairment after discharge of FM patients (HR=1.199, 95%CI 1.023-1.406, P=0.025). Conclusions: The incidence of reduced LVEF is significantly higher in FM patients than that in NFM patients. Longer LVEF recovery time during hospitalization is an independent risk factor for cardiac function impairment in FM patients after discharge.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Humans , Myocarditis , Patient Discharge , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiology, evolution and transmission characteristics of HIV-1 CRF07_BC in Nanjing between 2015 and 2019 to provide scientific basis for precise prevention and control of HIV-1 transmission.Methods:Pol gene sequences of 319 patients with HIV-1 CRF07_BC infection in Nanjing were amplified and sequenced and a maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree was then constructed. Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling method was used to generate Maximum Clade Credibility Tree. Bayesian Skyline Plot was used to reconstruct the changing trend of the effective population size. Pairwise gene distance method was used to construct molecular network to investigate the transmission features. Results:Among the 319 patients, 303 (95.0%) were male; 264 (82.8%) had multiple sexual partners; only 14 (4.4%) had been using condoms. Most of the infections were occurred in men who have sex with men (MSM), accounting for 77.4%. The maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis of HIV-1 CRF07_BC revealed two clusters: Cluster1 and Cluster2. Cluster1 mainly contained the strains isolated from MSM and Cluster2 mainly consisted of the strains isolated from heterosexual patients. The most recent common ancestor was 2002.47(1999.91, 2005.43) year for Cluster1 and 1996.38(1992.55, 1999.76) year for Cluster2. The evolutionary rates (95% highest posterior density, 95%HPD) of Cluster1 and Cluster2 were 1.73×10 -3 (1.36×10 -3-2.16×10 -3) substitutions·site -1·year -1 and 2.09×10 -3 (1.50×10 -3 -2.79×10 -3 ) substitutions·site -1·year -1, respectively. The effective population sizes of Cluster1 and Cluster2 tended to be stable after 2002 and 2003, respectively. In addition, Cluster1 and Cluster2 formed eleven and eight unique branches, respectively, suggesting the possibility of divergent epidemics of this genotype. A total of 35 propagation clusters were formed in the molecular propagation network, including 92 Nanjing sequences with an average degree of 4.3. Males, MSM and people with multiple sexual partners were more likely to be connected to the network. Students and young patients were more likely to be connected to the network. Conclusions:HIV-1 CRF07_BC infection was characterized by low age, multiple sexual partners, unprotected behaviors and transmission among MSM in Nanjing from 2015 to 2019. It was recommended to pay more attention to students and young people, to formulate more effective prevention and control measures for high-risk sexual behaviors, and to carry out continuous molecular monitoring of CRF07_BC strain, so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of HIV CRF07_BC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 53-59, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical value of 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating hemodynamics of ischemic stroke patients with intracranial artery stenosis.Methods:Ischemic stroke patients with unilateral middle cerebral artery stenosis admitted from March 2017 to June 2018 in Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital Stroke Center were prospectively enrolled. Time of flight magnetic resonance angiography was used to evaluate vascular stenosis, 4D flow MRI was used to measure net forward flow at the proximal of stenosis, and brain tissue perfusion was acquired simultaneously to validate flow.Results:A total of 33 patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery stenosis were included [mean age: 56 years; male: 63.6% ( n=21)]. The flow rates among patients with stenosis of <30%, 30%-49%, 50%-69% and ≥70% were (3.56±1.08), (2.96±0.94), (3.72±0.60) and (2.50±1.03) ml/s individually, demonstrating a decreased flow in subjects with severe (≥70%) stenosis ( F=4.34, P=0.008). Further analysis about forward flow and brain tissue perfusion showed that the significant negative correlation between absolute flow rate or relative flow rate and relative time to peak could only be established in subjects with poor collateral (collateral score: 0-2), with r=-0.76 and -0.61 individually, both P<0.05. Conclusion:4D flow MRI could be used as a quantitative flow assessment in subjects with intracranial artery stenosis, and its association with distal brain tissue perfusion depends on collateral status.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 102-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of ultrasound shear wave elastography and portal vein hemodynamic parameters for chronic hepatitis and liver fibrosis.Methods:The clinical data of 48 hospitalized patients with chronic hepatitis diagnosed in Fuyang Second People's Hospital from May 2019 to July 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The patients voluntarily received portal vein hemodynamics and ultrasonic shear wave elastography. According to Scheuer's method, 48 patients were classified into 5 stages of liver fibrosis, including 10 patients in S0 stage, 13 patients in S1 stage, 10 patients in S2 stage, 10 patients in S3 stage and 5 patients in S4 stage. The average velocity of portal vein, peak portal vein velocity (PVVmax), portal vein diameter (PVD), liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and Young's modulus of liver were compared. Pathological and liver biopsy was the gold standard to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of various detection methods. The normally distributed measurement data were expressed as xˉ± s, the comparison between multiple groups was performed by one-way ANOVA, and the pairwise comparison was performed by LSD-t test. Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation between liver function classification and various parameters. ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic value of ultrasonic shear wave elastography, portal vein hemodynamics and combined detection in predicting liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis. Results:In the staging of liver fibrosis, the LSM of the patients in the S0 stage was (5.29±0.19) kPa, and the Young's modulus of the liver was (21.65±2.35) kPa; the LSM of the patients in the S1 stage was (6.38±1.25) kPa, and the Young's modulus of the liver ( 22.89±3.19) kPa, LSM (9.76±1.33) kPa and hepatic Young's modulus (23.77±3.52) kPa in S2 group, LSM (15.44±2.44) kPa, hepatic Young's modulus (25.14±2.29) in S3 group, LSM (18.08±1.22) kPa and hepatic Young's modulus (27.94±2.58) kPa in patients with S4 stage, the differences between groups were statistically significant (F values ??were 115.47, 4.84, P values?were <0.001, 0.003), and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). The average flow velocity of patients in S0 stage was (20.56±4.21) cm/s, PVVmax (22.19±4.33) cm/s, the average flow velocity of S1 stage was (18.39±3.79) cm/s, PVVmax (20.69±3.12) cm/s, and the average of S2 stage Flow velocity (13.46±2.21) cm/s, PVVmax (16.65±2.54) cm/s, average flow velocity in S3 stage (10.56±2.85) cm/s, PVVmax (13.42±2.46) cm/s, average flow velocity in S4 stage (8.15±1.65) cm/s, PVVmax (11.89±2.89) cm/s, the difference between the groups was statistically significant (F values were 21.35, 16.96, all P<0.001), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Correlation analysis by Spearman method showed that liver function grades were negatively correlated with average flow velocity and PVVmax (r values ?were -0.75 and -0.88, respectively; all P<0.001), and were positively correlated with liver Young's modulus and LSM. (r values ??were 0.54 and 0.86, respectively; all P<0.001). According to the ROC curve analysis, the AUC predicted by ultrasonic shear wave elastography was 0.75, AUC predicted by portal vein hemodynamics predicts was 0.68, and AUC predicted by combined detection predicts was 0.94. Conclusion:The combination of portal vein hemodynamics and ultrasonic shear wave elastography has a certain diagnostic power for the assessment of chronic hepatitis and liver fibrosis, with high specificity and sensitivity.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 236-239,245, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of the distance between the placenta and the internal os of the cervix (IOD) in second trimester to placenta previa.Methods:476 pregnant women with placenta previa diagnosed by systematic ultrasound in the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from May 2016 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The ultrasonic parameters such as IOD, cervical length and placental main attachment position were measured, and the clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcome were recorded. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of placenta previa from mild pregnancy to late pregnancy. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of IOD value for placenta previa.Results:197 cases of placenta previa were diagnosed in this study. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the number of previous pregnancies, IOD and history of cesarean section were the related factors of placenta previa from mid pregnancy to late pregnancy ( P<0.05). The risk of placenta previa in pregnant women ≥3 pregnancies was 1.826 times that in pregnant women with less than 3 pregnancies. The risk of placenta previa when the lower edge of placenta covers and crosses the internal orifice of cervix (IOD<0 mm) was 11.494 times that of IOD=0 mm and 22.222 times that of IOD>0 mm<20 mm (low placenta). The risk of placenta previa in pregnant women with a history of cesarean section was 1.908 times that of pregnant women without a history of cesarean section. When the cutoff value of IDO was 20 mm, all pregnant women with placenta previa could be screened out in the group with cesarean section history and the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.840 (95% CI: 0.783-0.896, P<0.05); When the cutoff value of IOD was 13.5 mm, all pregnant women with placenta previa could be screened in the group without cesarean section history, and the AUC was 0.814 (95% CI: 0.759-0.869, P<0.05). Conclusions:The second trimester IOD has a good predictive value for placenta previa.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of gabapentin on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and its mechanism.Methods:Sixty male clean SD rats, aged 10 weeks and weighing 250 g~300 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=12) with 12 rats in each group by random number table method: Sham group, myocardial ischemia reperfusion group (group I/R), gabapentin group (group Gap), LY294002 group (group LY) and gabapentin +LY294002 group (group Gap +LY). The model of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min and reperfusion for 120 min. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and the rate pressure product (RPP) were recorded at baseline before ischemia (T 0) for 30 min (T 1) and reperfusion for 120 min (T 2) to evaluate hemodynamic changes during ischemia and reperfusion; The frequency of PVCs and VT/VF were recorded to evaluate the occurrence of arrhythmias during ischemia/reperfusion. TTC staining was used to detect myocardial infarction area. And the protein expression levels of PI3K and Akt in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blotting. Results:Compared with group I/R, the myocardial infarction area, PVCs and VT/VF times, and the protein expression levels of PI3K and p-Akt were significantly increased in group Gap ( P<0.05). Compared with group Gap, the area of myocardial infarction, the number of PVCs and VT/VF, and the protein expression of PI3K and p-Akt were significantly decreased in the group Gap +LY ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Gabapentin can alleviate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, and its mechanism is related to the activation of PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 182-196, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929287

ABSTRACT

Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a serious complication that occurs following shock and/or liver surgery. Gut microbiota and their metabolites are key upstream modulators of development of liver injury. Herein, we investigated the potential contribution of gut microbes to HIRI. Ischemia/reperfusion surgery was performed to establish a murine model of HIRI. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metabolomics were used for microbial analysis. Transcriptomics and proteomics analysis were employed to study the host cell responses. Our results establish HIRI was significantly increased when surgery occurred in the evening (ZT12, 20:00) when compared with the morning (ZT0, 08:00); however, antibiotic pretreatment reduced this diurnal variation. The abundance of a microbial metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid was significantly higher in ZT0 when compared with ZT12 in the gut and this compound significantly protected mice against HIRI. Furthermore, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid suppressed the macrophage pro-inflammatory response in vivo and in vitro. This metabolite inhibits histone deacetylase activity by reducing its phosphorylation. Histone deacetylase inhibition suppressed macrophage pro-inflammatory activation and diminished the diurnal variation of HIRI. Our findings revealed a novel protective microbial metabolite against HIRI in mice. The potential underlying mechanism was at least in part, via 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid-dependent immune regulation and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition in macrophages.

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