Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 52
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics of the genotype and phenotypic in a family with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) due to RS1 mutation. Methods:A retrospective clinical study. An XLRS family of 4 generations of 26 people were included in the study. Among them, 8 participants were males and 7 participants were females. Routine ophthalmologic examination was performed on 3 patients in the family including the proband and 12 patients with normal phenotype. Optical coherence tomography was performed in 2 of the 3 patients. Peripheral venous blood was extracted from all participants, whole-genome DNA was extracted, and potential pathogenic genes were screened by Panel sequencing. Conservative analysis, pathogenicity analysis and protein structure prediction were carried out by software tools. The pathogenicity of gene mutations was analyzed according to the American Society of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines.Results:The proband was 3 years old. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination showed that the retinal core layer in the macular area of both eyes had a cystic change, which was segmented by vertical or oblique bridging tissue. The proband's uncle was 32 years old. OCT examination showed atrophy in the macular area of the left eye. The macular area of the right eye was cystoid, segmented by vertical or oblique bridging tissue. No abnormality was found in the fundus examination of the proband's parents and 10 members of his family. Panel sequencing showed that c.361C>T/ p.Q121X hemizygous mutation was found in the fifth exon of RS1 gene in the proband (Ⅳ3) and 2 patients (Ⅱ1, Ⅲ8). The mother was a heterozygous mutation carrier of the gene, while the father had no mutation. The mutant gene causes premature termination of RS1, a truncated protein encoding 224 amino acids to 120 amino acids. Of the 10 patients with normal fundus examination, 6 participants were normal. The mutation was carried by four people, which were women. Homology analysis of the protein sequence showed that the mutant site was highly conserved in 12 mammals. Three-dimensional structural analysis of RS1 protein showed that the c-terminal amino acid sequence of the mutant protein was more than 50% missing. Analysis of ACMG guidelines indicated that the mutation was pathogenic. Conclusion:The RS1 mutation site c.361C>T/p.Q121X is a new mutation site of XLRS.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906436

ABSTRACT

Objective:Due to the limitation of traditional identification methods of Chinese medicinal materials, the study established a rapid method to identify Persicae Semen mixed with Armeniacae Semen Amarum by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Method:By comparing the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) gene sequences of Persicae Semen and Armeniacae Semen Amarum, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites were searched and specific primers were designed. Different Persicae Semen and Armeniacae Semen Amarum samples were amplified by PCR, the effects of annealing temperature, primer concentration and cycle number on the PCR reaction system were optimized, and the specificity and detection limit of this method were investigated. In addition, the established PCR method was used to detect the samples of Persicae Semen mixed with different proportion of Armeniacae Semen Amarum from different sources and producing areas. Result:A specific PCR method for identifying Persicae Semen mixed with Armeniacae Semen Amarum was established. When the annealing temperature was 63 ℃ and the number of primer cycles was 30, only Armeniacae Semen Amarum could be amplified with 432 bp specific band, while Persicae Semen samples did not have this band. The minimum detection limit of this method for Armeniacae Semen Amarum was 0.2 ng, and the detection limit for Armeniacae Semen Amarum adulterated in Persicae Semen was 1%. Conclusion:The established allele-specific PCR method can accurately detect whether there is Armeniacae Semen Amarum in Persicae Semen, which can provide experimental basis for the quality control of Persicae Semen and guarantee the safety of its clinical use.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the pathogenesis and clinical characteristics of appendiceal neoplasms and its prognosis.Methods:In recent 14 years, 94 appendiceal neoplasms were found among 6 334 patients undergoing appendectomy in a single center of Ordos Central Hospital.The initial symptoms, clinical features, auxiliary examinations, pathology, surgical methods, and clinical outcomes of 94 patients diagnosed with appendix tumors were recorded.Results:Appendiceal neoplasms accounted for 1.48% for all undergoing appendectomy. Among these 94 cases, 49 cases were female and 45 cases were male. The median age was 59.5 years. 80 cases were followed up with a follow-up rate of 85.1%, and the follow-up period was 2-175 months.The 5-year overall survival rate was 91.9% and the 10-year overall survival rate was 88.9%.The results of univariate analysis of prognosis showed that the prognosis of patients with WBC count>10.0×10 9/L (χ 2 =8.884, P=0.003) and lymph node metastasis(χ 2 =17.216, P=0.001) was relatively poor. The prognosis of appendiceal adenocarcinoma is relatively poor compared with mucinous tumors(χ 2=13.857 , P=0.001 ). Conclusions:The incidence of appendiceal neoplasms is very low; Chronic lower right abdominal pain accounted for a large proportion of the manifestations; Classification of appendiceal neoplasms, leukocyte count and lymph node metastasis predict the prognosis of patients with appendiceal neoplasms.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 17-24, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Blood glucose control is closely related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prognosis. This multicenter study aimed to investigate blood glucose control among patients with insulin-treated T2DM in North China and explore the application value of combining an elastic network (EN) with a machine-learning algorithm to predict glycemic control.@*METHODS@#Basic information, biochemical indices, and diabetes-related data were collected via questionnaire from 2787 consecutive participants recruited from 27 centers in six cities between January 2016 and December 2017. An EN regression was used to address variable collinearity. Then, three common machine learning algorithms (random forest [RF], support vector machine [SVM], and back propagation artificial neural network [BP-ANN]) were used to simulate and predict blood glucose status. Additionally, a stepwise logistic regression was performed to compare the machine learning models.@*RESULTS@#The well-controlled blood glucose rate was 45.82% in North China. The multivariable analysis found that hypertension history, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease history, exercise, and total cholesterol were protective factors in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) control, while central adiposity, family history, T2DM duration, complications, insulin dose, blood pressure, and hypertension were risk factors for elevated HbA1c. Before the dimensional reduction in the EN, the areas under the curve of RF, SVM, and BP were 0.73, 0.61, and 0.70, respectively, while these figures increased to 0.75, 0.72, and 0.72, respectively, after dimensional reduction. Moreover, the EN and machine learning models had higher sensitivity and accuracy than the logistic regression models (the sensitivity and accuracy of logistic were 0.52 and 0.56; RF: 0.79, 0.70; SVM: 0.84, 0.73; BP-ANN: 0.78, 0.73, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#More than half of T2DM patients in North China had poor glycemic control and were at a higher risk of developing diabetic complications. The EN and machine learning algorithms are alternative choices, in addition to the traditional logistic model, for building predictive models of blood glucose control in patients with T2DM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771875

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and therapeutic responte of patients with B-CLPD mainly manifested as cytopenia, so as to deeply understand this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 13 B-CLPD patients with hematocytopenia as main manifestation, and the absolute count of lymphocytes<5×10/L, absence of hepatosplenic lymph-nodes and extramedullary invasion tin our department fron 2003 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, therapeutic efficacy and adverse reactions of 3 patients were summarized.@*RESULTS@#The median age of patients was 59 (43-76) years old, the median of lymphocyte was 1.86 (0.69-4.8) ×10/L, the levels of LDH and β2-microglubulin were normal in most patients, the monolineage and multilencage hematopoietic failure of different degrees existed in most all patients. The lymphocyte ratio in patients was 18.5%-94.0%, CD20 was positive in all patients, and yet the CD5-positive and CD-negative existed in 7 and 6 cases respectively. There was no significant difference in ratio of lymphocyte invasion among different immunophemtype. The FISH detection showed that there were no high risk genetic types. 92.3% of patients received rituximab treatment, most of them received chemotherapy of rituximab combined with C0P/CHOP like regimen, only 2 patients received fludarabine for comparatively short course. The analysis indicated that 8 out of 13 patients showed a certain theropeutic efficacy, however the drug-related hematopoietic suppression occurred in both 2 patients treated with fludarabin.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The B-CLPD accompanied with hematocytopenia often displays bone marrow hypohematopoiesis of different degree and easily confuses with the congenital and acquired hemotopoietic faiture diseases. The rituximab treatment may be more appropreate for these patients, but for patients received chemotherapy containing fludarabin, the persistant hematopoietic failure must be especially watched out.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD20 , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , B-Lymphocytes , Cyclophosphamide , Humans , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 499-505, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810071

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the function and molecular mechanism of Timeless in promoting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) growth.@*Methods@#The expression of Timeless in HCC and paracancer tissues were analyzed by using the public data of HCC. Timeless was overexpressed in MHCC97L cells and silenced in MHCC97H cells, respectively, and the expression of Timeless and its downstream molecules were detected by real-time PCR and western blot. The effects of Timeless on cell glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation and proliferation were detected by the glucose uptake experiment, lactic acid detection experiment, the extracellular fluid pH detection experiment, cell oxygen consumption test and cell viability assay, respectively.@*Results@#The level of Timeless in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that of paracancer tissue (P<0.05). The relative cellular glucose uptake levels in the groups of Timeless knockdown, including siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 0.510±0.119 and 0.508±0.099, respectively, significantly different from that of control group (P<0.05); The relative cellular uptake level of Timeless overexpressed group was 1.953±0.324, significantly different from that of vector transfected group (P<0.05). The relative levels of lactic acid production in the siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 0.579±0.096 and 0.550±0.120, respectively, significantly different from that of control group (P<0.05); The relative production level of lactic acid in the Timeless overexpressed group was 1.463±0.179, significantly different that of vector transfected group (P<0.05). The extracellular pH values of siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 7.390±0.035 and 7.370±0.060, respectively, significantly different from that of control group (P<0.05); the extracellular pH value of Timeless overexpressed group was 7.130±0.031, significantly different than vector transfected group (P<0.05). Oxygen consumption rate of siTimeless-1 and siTimeless-2 group were 3.686±0.389 and 3.955±0.431, respectively, significantly higher than 1.690±0.297 of control group (P<0.05); Oxygen consumption rate of Timeless overexpressed group was 1.302±0.336, significantly lower than 3.185±0.262 of vector transfected group (P<0.05) Timeless inhibited the expression of p53. The cell glucose uptake, lactic acid production, the pH of extracellular culture medium and cell oxygen consumption of control group were not significantly different from that of Timeless and p53 co-silenced group [(si-Timeless+sip53) group] (P>0.05); the glucose uptake, the production of lactic acid, the pH of the extracellular culture medium and the oxygen consumption of Timeless co-transfected with p53 (Timeless+p53) group were not significantly different from those of vector transfected group (P>0.05). Timeless promoted the proliferation of HCC cells through inhibiting the expression of p53.@*Conclusion@#Timeless promotes reprogramming of glucose metabolism and proliferation of HCC cells by inhibiting the p53-dependent signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690449

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of intrahippocampal injection of cellular prion protein (PrP) antibody on cognitive deficits of APPswe/PSEN1 transgenic mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eight-month-old male APPswe/PSEN1 transgenic mice were subjected to bilateral intrahippocampal injection of a single dose (2 µL) of anti-PrP monoclonal antibody (EP1802Y) or PBS, with wild-type C57Bl/6J mice serving as the control group. After two months, the mice were tested for cognitive behaviors using open filed (OF) test, Morris water maze (MWM) test, fear conditioning (FC) test, and novel object recognition (NOR) test, and immunohistochemistry was used to examine the changes in hippocampal expression of Aβ.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The EP1802Y-treated and PBS-treated mice showed no significantly differences in the performance in OF test in terms of central activity time or total distance of activity (P>0.05), nor in NOR test in terms of novel object recognition index (P>0.05). In MWM test, the EP1802Y-treated and PBS-treated mice showed significantly reduced crossings of the hidden platform as compared with the wild-type mice (P<0.05), but EP1802Y-treated mice had a significantly shorter swimming distance to find the platform than PBS-treated mice (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in the results of FC test among the 3 groups. Immunohistochemistry revealed a significantly reduced expression of Aβ in the hippocampus of EP1802Y-treated mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intrahippocampal injection of PrP antibody can improve cognitive deficits of APPswe/PSEN1 transgenic mice, which sheds light on a novel therapeutic approach for Alzheimer's disease that targets PrP to lower the toxicity of Aβ oligomer.</p>

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327745

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of rituximab in treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Methods The clinical data of CLL patients receiving fludarabine,cyclophosphamide±rituximab (with or without rituximab) regimen or cyclophosphamide,vincristine,and prednisone±doxorubicin±rituximab regimen in our hospital from March 2000 to February 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Therapeutic efficacies and survivals of patients treated with different regimens were evaluated and compared. Results The complete response (CR) rate and the overall response rate (ORR) in 72 patients (43.6%) treated with rituximab were significantly higher than those treated without rituximab (38.9% vs. 21.5%,P=0.015;83.3% vs. 60.2%,P=0.001). The median PFS and OS for patients treated with rituximab were 53.0 (27.0-79.0) months and 112.0 (81.1-142.9) months,and the median PFS and OS for patients treated without rituximab were 28.0 (18.3-37.7) months and 89.0(72.0-106.0),but the results were not statistically significant (P=0.094,P=0.109). According to the cytogenetic features,patients were further divided into high-risk subgroup (with chromosome 17p deletion or 11q deletion) and non-high-risk subgroup. And in the high-risk subgroup,the ORR of patients treated with rituximab was 86.4%,which was significantly higher than that in patients treated without rituximab (53.3%)(P=0.012);in the non-high-risk subgroup,the PFS was marginally prolonged in patients treated with rituximab,but the difference was not statistically significant(P=0.050). Conclusions Compared with traditional chemotherapy,the chemoimmunotherapies with rituximab result in higher CR rate and ORR in CLL patients. In patients without 17p deletion or 11q deletion,the use of rituximab can marginally prolong PFS.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277871

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize and investigate the characteristics of nodal marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL). <strong>Method</strong> The clinical data and laboratory characteristics of of NMZL patients admitted in our hospital between January 2002 and September 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. <strong>Results</strong> Twenty-four patients were enrolled in the study. The median age was 54.4 (28-70) years,and the male/female ratio was 1:1. Most of the patients (95%) had bone marrow involvement,40.9% (9/22) had elevated lactate dehydrogenase level,8.3% (2/24) had the positive expression of hepatitis C virus antibody,33.3% (6/18) had positive autoimmune antibodies,and 33.3% (8/24) had monoclonal immunoglobulins in the serum. All of the patients expressed CD19 and CD20 cell markers,whereas none of them expressed CD10 cell marker. The positive rate of CD5 marker was 10% (1/10),the positive rate of CD23 marker was 50% (5/10),whereas no patient had the expressions of both CD5 and CD23 at the same time. The total overall remission rate was 81.25%,and the total complete remission rate was 56.2%. The separate overall remission and complete remission rate had increasing trends in rituximab subgroup than subgroups without using rituximab(P=0.136,P=0.262).<strong>Conclusion</strong> NMZL has a low incidence and can be seen in both males and females. It often invades bone marrow. Rituximab may increase the response rate and even improve the progression free survival.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3733-3736, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697516

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expressions of snail mRNA and protein in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their correlations to patient clinical features.Methods Real-time fluores-cence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemical were used to analyze the expressions of snail in a total of 41 pairs of NSCLC tissues,12 specimens of normal lung tissues.Results The expressions of snail mRNA in NSCLC tissues were significantly higher than the corresponding adjacent tissues (P < 0.01).The expression rate of snail protein of NSCLC tissues (25/41) were significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues (2/41,P < 0.01).There was no snail expression in non-cancerous lung tissues.The level of mRNA and protein in snail was associated with lymph node metastasis and clinical stage of non-small cell lung cancer (P < 0.05).Conclusion The higher expression of snail may promote the metastasis of lung cancer.The expressions of snail are related to the development of human non-small cell lung cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609529

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of endoscopic retrograde catheterization of gallbladder (ERCG) and endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder stenting (ETGS) for gallbladder diseases.Methods Patients who underwent ERCG and ETGS in Eastern Hepatobiliary Hospital from January 2010 to June 2016 were enrolled to this retrospective study.The superselection time of cystic duct,the catheterization time of gallbladder,postoperative symptoms and complications were analyzed.Results A total of 10 patients were enrolled to this study,including 2 cases of acute calculous cholecystitis,4 cases of percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) and 4 cases of cholecystocholedocholithiasis.The success rates of ERCG and ETGS were 100%.Symptoms were relieved in all patients and PTGBD catheter was removed after ETGS.The mean times of ERCG and ETGS were 10.2 ± 6.9 min and 17.0 ± 8.0 min respectively.The mean times of ERCG were 18.5±4.9 min,13.0±3.6 min and 3.3± 1.3 min,respectively (F=18.86,P =0.002).The mean times of ETGS were 25.5±4.9 min,21.0± 4.7 min and 8.8 ± 1.0 min,respectively (F =18.04,P =0.002).Complications included 1 case of cholangitis and 1 case of hyperamylasemia.Cholangitis was relieved after anti-inflammatory treatment.No acute pancreatitis,bleeding,perforation or procedure-related death occurred.Conclusion ERCG and ETGS are safe and feasible,which can play important roles in the treatment of specific gallbladder diseases or gallbladder with bile duct diseases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845604

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer’s disease AD is a neurodegenerative disorder resulted from complicate interactions between genes and environment. There is no effective therapy so far. The genome-wide association study GWAS provides the opportunity to discover the risk genes of sporadic AD, which is informative for revealing the pathogenesis of AD and guiding new drug development. In this review, we summarize the current findings of genetic studies of AD, the risk genes and their biological relevance with AD, and new drug development strategy supported by genetic studies.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490719

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and the safety of endoscopic closure for acute colon perforations with novel successive endoclips in animal model. Methods Approximately 1. 5 to 2 cm colonic full-thickness resections were created with an electrotome in 3 Ba-Ma pigs that were under general anesthesia and were closed with the conventional endoclips and novel successive endoclips respectively. The procedure time and the efficacy of each endoclip were recorded. After the procedure,the general condition and physiological indicators were carefully monitored. After a follow-up of 1 week,the pigs were euthanized for an endoscopic observation of the healing condition and the residual endoclips. A postmortem examination was performed to observe the abdominal infection and incision condition. Transverse sections of the colon across the site of perforation were taken for histopathologic examination to assess the healing process. Results All the colonic perforation models in three pigs were established successfully. Endoscopic closure for acute colon perforation with two kinds of endoclips was technically successful in all 3 pigs. The mean time of the procedure with successive endoclip was less than that with the conventional endoclip(54. 0 seconds VS 91. 9 seconds,P<0. 001),but the successful release rate of the successive endoclip was lower than that of the conventional endoclip without significant difference[62. 5%(15/ 24)VS 14/ 16,P= 0. 17].All the ani-mals survived without infection and hemorrhage. Five perforations demonstrated signs of healing,whereas one closed with the novel successive endoclips failed to heal completely. Conclusion Endoscopic closure for a-cute colon perforations with novel successive endoclips is effective and safe. The novel successive endoclip has the advantage of saving time,but it needs to be further improved and perfected to satisfy the clinical need.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1754-1758, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332616

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence rate of hepatitis B virus(HBV)and hepatitis C virus(HCV)between aggressive and indolent B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL), and to compare the different infection rate of Hepatifis Virus between the 2 groups.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Integrated clinical information of 733 newly diagnosed indolent B-NHL patients and 148 aggressive B-NHL patients from January 1994 to January 2014 was retrospectively analyzed. The difference of hepatitis virus infection was compared between the 2 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate of HCV-Ab was 1.8% in 881 newly diagnosed B-NHL patients. The HCV prevalence was 1.9% and 1.35% in the indolent and aggressive B-NHL group respecitvely. Compared with general population, the HCV positive rate was significantly higher in the whole B-NHL group and the indolent group(1.8% vs 0.4%,1.9% vs 1.4%)(P<0.01), while it was not significantly different in the aggressive group (1.35% vs 0.4%)(P=0.068). The positive rate of HCV-Ab was not significantly different between the indolent and the aggressive group (1.9% vs 1.35%)(P=0.639). The HBs-Ag positive rate in the whole B-NHL group was 9.0%, which was significantly higher than that in the general population (9.0% vs 7.2%)(P<0.05). The positive rate of HBs-Ag in the indolent and aggressive B-NHL group was 7.9% and 14.2%, respectively. It was significantly higher in the aggressive group than that in the indolent one (14.2% vs 7.2%)(P<0.01). Compared with the general population, the aggressive group had significantly higher prevalence rate of HBV. However, it was not significantly different between the indolent group and the general population (7.9% vs 7.2%)(P>0.05).In the aggressive B-NHL group,the co-expression of HBs-Ag,HBe-Ag and anti-HBc-Ab was 4.4%, which was higher than that in the indolent one (4.7% vs 1.2%)(P<0.01). However, compared with the indolent group, the co-expression of HBs-Ag, anti-HBe-Ab and anti-HBc-Ab was not significantly different in the aggressive group (5.5% vs 6.1%)(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The HCV is more relevant with indolent B-NHL, the HBV has more relevance with the aggressive patients.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491946

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer′s disease(AD)is a neurodegenerative disorder resulted from complicate interactions between genes and environment. There is no effective therapy so far. The genome-wide association study(GWAS)provides the opportunity to discover the risk genes of sporadic AD,which is informative for revealing the pathogenesis of AD and guiding new drug development. In this re?view,we summarize the current findings of genetic studies of AD,the risk genes and their biological relevance with AD,and new drug development strategy supported by genetic studies.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237676

ABSTRACT

In order to determine the suitable harvest time of Dendrobium officinale from different regions in Yunnan province, the drying rate, mannose and glucose peak area ratio, extract, contents of polysaccharide and mannose of D. officinale samples collected from six producing areas in Ynnnan province were determined. The results indicate that drying rate and the contents of polysaccharide and mannose arrived the peak from January to April, extract reached a higher content from September to December, and mannose and glucose peak area ratio from October to February of the coming met the requirment of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Hence, the suitable harvesting time of D. officinale in Yunnan province is from December to February of the coming year,according to the experimental results and the request of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
China , Dendrobium , Chemistry , Metabolism , Glucose , Metabolism , Mannose , Metabolism , Time Factors
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483126

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate modified shortened scope for ERCP procedure in swine animal model.Methods A total of 17 male pigs were divided into the conventional endoscope group (shortened scope used on human,n =8) and the modified endoscope group (modified shortened scope,n =9).The success rates,time of access to the pylorus,biliary or pancreatic orifice,the cannulation time of biliary or pancreatic duct,the stenting time of biliary or pancreatic duct,the total time of procedure and the X-ray exposure time were compared between the two groups.Results The success rates were 2/8 and 9/9 in the conventional endoscope group and the modified endoscope group,respectively(P =0.002).There were significantly differences of the cannulation time of biliary duct(180.00 ± 37.89 s VS 55.22 ± 11.56 s,P =0.000),cannulation time of pancreatic duct(55.22 ± 11.56 s VS 56.56 ±29.19 s,P =0.015),the time of access to pancreatic orifice(21.50 ±7.33 min VS4.67 ±2.63 min,P =0.000) and the total time of procedure(55.13 ±5.64 min VS 31.67 ±8.25 min,P =0.000) between the two groups.There were no significant differences in the time of passing through the pylorus,the time of finding biliary orifice,the stenting time of biliary or pancreatic duct or the X-ray exposure time between the two groups.Conclusion The modified shortened scope can improve the success rate of short scope position,facilitate locating biliary or pancreatic orifice,improve the success rate of pancreatic duct cannulation and shorten the cannulation time of biliary or pancreatic duct and the total operation time.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481510

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and feasibility of shorterning fasting time after gastros-copy in patients with hepato-biliary disease.Methods A total of 300 inpatient cases of hepato-biliary disea-ses who underwent gastroscopy were divided into the treatment group (n =150)and the control group (n =150)using randomized block design.Both groups included three blocks:patients with esophageal and /or gastric varices (n =50),patients undergoing biopsy (n =50)and non-esophageal gastric varices patients without biopsy (n =50)according to the results of gastroscopy.Patients of both groups were asked to eat 2 hours later and drink 30 minutes later after gastroscopy respectively.The symptoms of thirst,hunger,hypo-glycemia,choking cough after eating,aspiration,nausea and vomiting,hematemesis and melena were recor-ded and compared between the two groups.Results There were no significant differences in the incidences between the two groups in thirst and hunger.However the incidence of hypoglycemia was significantly lower in the treatment group than in the control group [(2.0%(3 /150)VS 9.3%(14 /150),P =0.006].And there were also no significant differences in the incidences of choking cough,aspiration,nausea and vomiting 5-8 hours after the procedure.Neither hematemesis nor melena was found in either groups 24 hours after the procedure.Conclusion Shortening the fasting time after gastroscopy in patients with hepato-biliary diseases is safe and feasible.

19.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1687-1691,1730, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602424

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)in TYMS gene and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)patients treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE).Methods Five functional SNPs in TYMS gene were genotyped in a cohort of 41 9 unresectable Chinese HCC patients treated with TACE and prognosis analysis was performed.Results No SNP significantly associated with OS of HCC,but in patients with only TACE treat-ment,SNPs rs523230 exhibited significant associations with death risk in HCC patients under the additive model.Patients over 60 years old,SNP rs9967368 exhibited significant associations with death risk in HCC patients under the recessive model.Conclusion Genetic variations in TYMS gene may be a potential biomarker for predicting clinical outcome of HCC patients treated with TACE.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450365

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of mouth care combined with intestinal and endoscopic working channel flushing for ERCP related cholangitis and to investigate the mechanisms.Methods A total of 284 patients who underwent ERCP were divided into the amikacin group (n =96),the saline group (n =95) and the control group (n =93).Specimens were collected before cannulation (Sample 1),the first access to the bile duct (Sample 2) and at the end of ERCP (Sample 3).All the samples underwent bacterial culture and colony counting.Incidence of ERCP related cholangitis and bacterial results were recorded.Results The incidences of ERCP related cholangitis were 7.3% (7/96),8.4% (8/95)and 18.3% (17/93)in amikacin group,saline group and control group respectively,with significant differences among three groups (x2 =6.861,P =0.032).The positive rate of bacterial culture of Sample 1 in the amikacin group,saline group and control group were 6.3% (6/96),25.3% (24/95) and 28.0% (26/93) (x2 =16.833,P =0.000),respectively.The positive rate of bacterial culture of Sample 2 in amikacin group,saline group and control group were 6.3% (6/96),16.8% (16/95) and 24.7% (23/93)(x2 =12.206,P =0.002),respectively.The positive rate of bacterial culture of Sample 3 in amikacin group,saline group and control group were 7.3% (7/96),17.9% (17/95) and 33.3% (31/93) (x2 =20.713,P =0.000),respectively.Conclusion The procedure of ERCP can bring the intestinal bacteria into the bile duct,which could be reduced by mouth care combined with intestinal and endoscopic working channel flushing.And the incidence of ERCP related cholangitis can be effectively reduced.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL