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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2307-2315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981306

ABSTRACT

Cinnamomum camphora is an important economic tree species in China. According to the type and content of main components in the volatile oil of leaf, C. camphora were divided into five chemotypes, including borneol-type, camphor-type, linalool-type, cineole-type, and nerolidol-type. Terpene synthase(TPS) is the key enzyme for the formation of these compounds. Although several key enzyme genes have been identified, the biosynthetic pathway of(+)-borneol, which has the most economic value, has not been reported. In this study, nine terpenoid synthase genes CcTPS1-CcTPS9 were cloned through transcriptome analysis of four chemical-type leaves. After the recombinant protein was induced by Escherichia coli, geranyl pyrophosphate(GPP) and farnesyl pyrophosphate(FPP) were used as substrates for enzymatic reaction, respectively. Both CcTPS1 and CcTPS9 could catalyze GPP to produce bornyl pyrophosphate, which could be hydrolyzed by phosphohydrolase to obtain(+)-borneol, and the product of(+)-borneol accounted for 0.4% and 89.3%, respectively. Both CcTPS3 and CcTPS6 could catalyze GPP to generate a single product linalool, and CcTPS6 could also react with FPP to generate nerolidol. CcTPS8 reacted with GPP to produce 1,8-cineol(30.71%). Nine terpene synthases produced 9 monoterpene and 6 sesquiterpenes. The study has identified the key enzyme genes responsible for borneol biosynthesis in C. camphora for the first time, laying a foundation for further elucidating the molecular mechanism of chemical type formation and cultivating new varieties of borneol with high yield by using bioengineering technology.


Subject(s)
Cinnamomum camphora/enzymology , Alkyl and Aryl Transferases/chemistry
2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 98-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy on anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) level, ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation and pregnancy rate for in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients with benign ovarian cysts.Methods:Patients with benign ovarian cysts who were admitted for cystectomy and had undergone IVF treatment were enrolled in the study. There were 373 participants with ovarian cysts underwent laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy in the experimental group. According to duration of post-surgery, there were four sub-groups: 1 year post-surgery (1Y POST), 2 years post-surgery (2Y POST), 4 years post-surgery (4Y POST) and ≥5 years post-surgery (≥5Y POST) in the experimental group. According to histopathologic types of ovarian cysts, there were two sub-groups: ovarian endometriotic cysts and ovarian non-endometriotic cysts. Two hundreds and three patients with no history of ovarian cysts and ovarian surgery were in the control group. The level of AMH and basic concentrations of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), progesterone (P), estradiol (E 2) were measured. Antral follicle counts (AFC) were calculated. There were other study variables: total dose of gonadotropins, duration of ovarian stimulation, the number of oocyte retrieved, the number of embryo obtained, blastocyst transfer rate and pregnancy rate. Results:The control group was matched as closely as possible to the experimental group, including age, body mass index and menstrual cycle (all P>0.05). Compared to the women in control group, the women in ovarian endometriotic cystectomy sub-group had significantly higher levels of basal FSH and basal P, lower level of AMH (all P<0.05); the women in ovarian endometriotic cysts sub-group had significantly higher dose of gonadotropins (all P<0.05); the women in ovarian endometriotic cysts ≥5Y POST sub-group had significantly lower number of oocyte retrieved, lower number of embryo obtained, lower blastocyst transfer rate, and lower pregnancy rate (all P<0.05). Compared to the women in control group, the women in ovarian non-endometriotic cysts sub-group had a significantly higher level of basal FSH and basal P (all P<0.05). The women in ovarian non-endometriotic cysts sub-group had lower level of AMH, higher dose of gonadotropins, lower number of oocyte retrieved, lower number of embryo obtained, lower rate of blastocyst transfer and lower rate of pregnancy than the control group but there were no statistically significant differences among them (all P>0.05). The women with unilateral ovarian endometriotic cysts had significantly lower number of oocyte retrieved on the side of surgery than another side ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In short term laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy has no significant effect on ovarian reserve. But with long-term follow-up ovarian reserve, ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation and pregnancy rate are decreased. The effect of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy in benign cysts on ovarian is associated with whether or not it is the surgical side.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 444-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of conventional ultrasonography combined with cervical compression in the diagnosis of orbital venous malformation (OVM).Methods:A total of 43 patients with suspected OVM were admitted in sequentially from January 2019 to July 2022 in the Third Medical Center of PLA General Hospital. All patients were examined by ultrasonography combined with cervical compression and demonstrated by operation or digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The conventional ultrasound features of OVM were summarized, and the value of conventional ultrasonography combined with cervical compression in the diagnosis of OVM was discussed.Results:The features of the conventional ultrasound combined with cervical compression for diagnosis of OVM were as follows: the interior of lesion was mainly tubular structure, and the compression test was positive. After cervical compression, the lesion enlarged and the inner diameter of the internal tubular structure widened. Doppler flow imaging showed that the interior of lesion was mainly venous blood flow. Compared with the results of postoperative pathology or DSA, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and positive predictive value of ultrasonography combined with cervical compression were 0.952, 1.000, 95.3% and 100%, respectively. The results of Fisher exact diagnosis showed that there was no significant difference between ultrasonography and operation or DSA of OVM( P>0.05). Conclusions:Conventional ultrasound combined with cervical compression can be used as an effective method for the diagnosis of OVM.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 406-410, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995115

ABSTRACT

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) refers to the presence of one or more species of bacteria in an individual's urine without the symptoms of a urinary tract infection. Previous studies have shown that untreated ASB during pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Many international guidelines recommend a single screen-and-treat approach to ASB during pregnancy. Still, this approach has not been proven favorable to pregnancy outcomes in low-risk populations by recent studies. ASB screening is not a routine obstetric examination in clinical practice in China. Given this, this article will review the evidence of ASB screening during pregnancy and analyze the recommendations and existing problems in the guidelines from various academic organizations. Clinical studies should be carried out according to the situation in the region, and the basic risks and treatment benefits of ASB in pregnancy should be analyzed in combination with specific data to establish a proper screening and treatment plan for ASB during pregnancy. Screening for ASB is recommended for pregnant women with high-risk factors at this stage.

5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 76-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and compare the efficacies of ganciclovir plus foscarnet and a single agent for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.Methods:This study was a non-randomized clinical controlled trial. The data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation and developed CMV infection between January 1, 2021, and June 30, 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up was conducted through telephone, inpatient consultations, and the review of outpatient medical records. The observed indicators included the incidence of CMV infection (including CMV disease), rate of recurrence of CMV infection, overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS).Results:A total of 242 patients were diagnosed with post-transplantation CMV infection; 116 patients tested positive for CMV DNA for more than 14 days ( P=0.011). Of the 242 patients with CMV infection, 65 were treated with ganciclovir plus foscarnet, and 156 patients were treated with a single antiviral drug; the median durations of CMV seroconversion were 21 (3-60) and 14 (3-32) days for the combination and single-drug groups, respectively. There were no significant differences between their incidence of CMV infections and 1-year OS and DFS. Of the patients with refractory CMV infections, 53 (45.7%) were treated with ganciclovir plus foscarnet, and 63 (54.3%) were treated with a single antiviral agent. The median durations of CMV seroconversion for the combination and single-drug groups were 21 (15-60) days and 20 (15-45) days, respectively ( P=0.472). Two patients in each group progressed to CMV disease ( P=0.860). During follow-up, 12 patients (22.6%) in the combination group and 8 patients (12.7%) in the single-drug group experienced recurrent episode(s) of CMV infection ( P=0.158). The 1-year OS of the combination and single-drug groups were 92.0% and 87.1%, respectively ( P=0.543); the 1-year DFS were 90.3% and 85.7%, respectively ( P=0.665). Univariate analysis revealed no associations between the antiviral agents used and OS and DFS (OS: HR=0.644, P=0.547; DFS: HR=0.757, P=0.666). Conclusions:There were no significant differences in the duration of CMV infection, incidence of CMV disease, rate of recurrence of CMV infection, and survival of the patients treated with the combination of antiviral drugs and a single antiviral drug.

6.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 805-810, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979196

ABSTRACT

Background Previous studies have shown that active smoking during pregnancy can reduce the level of neonatal cord blood leptin, and thereby affect birth weight. However, few studies have studied the association of passive smoking during pregnancy with leptin in neonatal cord blood and birth weight. Objective To explore the effects of passive smoking in varied pregnancy stages and entire pregnancy on neonatal cord blood leptin level and birth weight in a certain rural area of Yunnan, and potential mediating role of cord blood leptin. Methods Based on a prospective prenatal cohort study conducted in Xuanwei County, Yunnan Province, a total of 545 mother-infant pairs were included in this study from early pregnancy enrollment to delivery. The demographic information and reproductive history of the subjects were collected by questionnaire. The urine samples of pregnant women in the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy were collected during regular prenatal examinations. Umbilical cord blood samples were collected from newborns at birth. The concentration of urine cotinine (UC) was measured by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). According to the results of UC level during pregnancy, the study subjects were divided into three groups: negative group (<LOD), low exposure group (LOD-M), and high exposure group(>M). The level of leptin in cord blood was detected by ELISA. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the effect of passive smoking on umbilical cord blood leptin in newborns during pregnancy. Path analysis was used to explore the relationship among passive smoking during pregnancy, neonatal cord blood leptin, and birth weight. Results The average exposure rate of passive smoking during pregnancy was 87.28%, and the exposure rate for entire pregnancy was 76.88%. The median concentration of leptin in neonatal cord blood was 4.17 μg·L−1. After adjusting for maternal age, ethnicity, educational level, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain, parity, annual household income, infant sex, and birth weight, we found that low level (b=−3.388, P=0.001) and high level (b=−2.738, P=0.006) of passive smoking in the first trimester of pregnancy had negative associations with leptin concentration of cord blood by multiple linear model. The path analysis results showed that passive smoking in the first trimester and pre-pregnancy BMI directly affected leptin levels, and the sizes of direct effects were −0.073 and −0.087 (both P<0.05) respectively. Passive smoking in late pregnancy, gestational weight gain, premature, newborn girls, parity, and pre-pregnancy BMI directly affected birth weight, and the sizes of direct effects were −0.063, 0.191, −0.301, −0.128, −0.121, and 0.167 (all P<0.05), respectively. No mediating role of leptin was found in the effect of passive smoking on neonatal birth weight. Conclusion Passive smoking exposure during pregnancy is common among rural women in Yunnan Province. Passive smoking in the first trimester may be key in decreasing the leptin level of neonatal cord blood. Passive smoking in third trimester may lead to a decrease in birth weight. No evidence shows that leptin mediates the relationship between passive smoking and birth weight.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 152-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976550

ABSTRACT

High quality is the premise for the implementation of high quality and good price for decoction pieces, and grade is the most direct manifestation of high quality of decoction pieces. However, there is still a lack of scientific and reasonable methods for evaluating the grade of decoction pieces, and it is urgent to establish a widely recognized and unified standard for the grade of decoction pieces to ensure the quality of the decoction pieces and guarantee the safety and efficacy of clinical use. Based on this, this paper focused on analyzing the problems of the current grade evaluation methods, such as unclear distinction between quality standards and grade standards, unreasonable selection of grade evaluation indicators, and inaccurate application of mathematical statistical methods. Based on the analysis of the grade evaluation of decoction pieces, this paper proposed four criteria for establishing the grade evaluation method of decoction pieces, namely universality, comprehensiveness, reliability and convenience, in order to establish a more reasonable and unified grade standard for decoction pieces and promote the quality improvement of decoction pieces and the development of the industry.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1177-1181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973615

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate whether matrine exerts improvement effect on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice by regulating ferroptosis pathway. METHODS Totally 30 female C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into normal group, model group and matrine group, with 10 mice in each group. Model group and matrine group were given antigen emulsion containing inactivated Mycobacterium tuberculosis and MOG35-55 to induce EAE model. Matrine group was injected with Matrine injection (50 mg/kg) intraperitoneally since the 7th day after immunization; normal group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intraperitoneally, once a day, since 18th day after immunization. The neurofunctional score of mice was recorded, and hematoxylin and eosin staining and Luxol fast blue staining were used to observe inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination in spinal cord tissue. The quantitative reverse transcription PCR and Western blot assay were performed to determine the mRNA expressions of transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1), nuclear receptor coactivator 4 (NCOA4) and hephaestin (Heph), and the protein expressions of system Xc- (xCT) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4). RESULTS Compared with normal group, accumulative neurofunctional score was significantly increased in model group (P<0.01); inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination were obvious in spinal cord tissue, and related scores were increased significantly (P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of TFR1 and NCOA4 in myelin tissue were up-regulated significantly, while the mRNA expression of Heph and the protein expressions of xCT and GPx4 were down-regulated significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group, above indexes of matrine group were all improved significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Matrine can improve EAE mice, the mechanism of which may be associated with regulating iron metabolism pathway and xCT/GPx4 pathway in ferroptosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 340-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971877

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the status of self-efficacy, quality of care and quality of life of people with physical disabilities, and analyze the relationship among them. MethodsFrom January, 2019 to December, 2020, 357 people with physical disabilities in Shandong were selected with cluster stratified random sampling, and all the participants were investigated with a general questionnaire, World Health Organization Quality of Life-Disability Scales, General Self-Efficacy Scale and World Health Organization Quality of Care and Support Scale-Disability Scale on internet. ResultsA total of 357 questionnaires were collected, in which 350 were valid. The total score was (115.00±20.70) for quality of life, (23.33±5.78) for self-efficacy, and (50.43±10.56) for quality of care. The quality of life and its each domain was positively correlated with self-efficacy (r > 0.282, P < 0.01), quality of care, care information acquisition, care giving and care environment (r > 0.369, P < 0.01). Employment, self-efficacy and quality of care associated with the quality of life (t > 4.386, P < 0.001); employment, self-efficacy, care giving and care environment associated with the physiological, psychological and environment domains of the quality of life (t > 2.926, P < 0.01); parents as main caregivers, employment, self-efficacy, care giving and care environment associated with social relationships domain of the quality of life (|t| > 2.525, P < 0.05); parents as main caregivers, employment, care giving and care environment associated with the disability domain of the quality of life (|t| > 2.209, P < 0.05). ConclusionThe quality of life needs to be improved for the people with physical disabilities. Self-efficacy and quality of care may impact the quality of life; and it is needed to focus on the people with physical disabilities who are unemployed and whose parents are the main caregivers.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 193-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989431

ABSTRACT

With the advent of an aging society, the proportion of acetabular fractures in the elderly is increasing. Acetabular fracture belongs to intra-articular fracture. The treatment principle should be to restore the continuity of articular surface anatomy and the concentric relationship between the acetabular load bearing area and the femoral head as far as possible, rebuild the stability of the hip joint, promote the functional recovery of the hip joint, and help patients to carry out functional exercise at an early stage, so as to obtain a good prognosis. However, the treatment plan of the elderly is different from that of young patients due to problems such as insufficient bone mass, basic diseases and physiological weakness, which is a new challenge for orthopedic doctors. In this paper, the selection of different treatment schemes for elderly acetabular fracture is summarized, in order to provide help for clinicians in the treatment of elderly acetabular fracture.

11.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 357-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989238

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second common subtype of stroke, characterized by high morbidity, mortality, and disability. Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) refers to a series of clinic, imaging, and pathological syndromes caused by various causes that affect small arteries, arterioles, capillaries, and small venules in the brain. In recent years, there has been increasing research on the correlation between CSVD and ICH recurrence and outcomes. This article mainly reviews the relationship between CSVD imaging markers and ICH, in order to have a deeper understanding of ICH.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 826-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of letermovir in primary prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: This retrospective, cohort study was conducted using data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation at Peking University Institute of Hematology and received letermovir for primary prophylaxis between May 1, 2022 and August 30, 2022. The inclusion criteria of the letermovir group were as follows: letermovir initiation within 30 days after transplantation and continuation for≥90 days after transplantation. Patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation within the same time period but did not receive letermovir prophylaxis were selected in a 1∶4 ratio as controls. The main outcomes were the incidence of CMV infection and CMV disease after transplantation as well as the possible effects of letermovir on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and bone marrow suppression. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test, and continuous variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for evaluating incidence differences. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the letermovir prophylaxis group. The median patient age in the letermovir group was significantly greater than that in the control group (43 yr vs. 15 yr; Z=-4.28, P<0.001). The two groups showed no significant difference in sex distribution and primary diseases, etc. (all P>0.05). The proportion of CMV-seronegative donors was significantly higher in the letermovir prophylaxis group in comparison with the control group (8/17 vs. 0/68, χ2=35.32, P<0.001). Three out of the 17 patients in the letermovir group experienced CMV reactivation, which was significantly lower than the incidence of CMV reactivation in the control group (3/17 vs. 40/68, χ2=9.23, P=0.002), and no CMV disease development observed in the letermovir group. Letermovir showed no significant effects on platelet engraftment (P=0.105), aGVHD (P=0.348), and 100-day NRM (P=0.474). Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that letermovir may effectively reduce the incidence of CMV infection after haploidentical transplantation without influencing aGVHD, NRM, and bone marrow suppression. Prospective randomized controlled studies are required to further verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Recurrence , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-9, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964939

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are important nerve cells in the central nervous system (CNS), which mainly play a key role in nutrition and support. Astrocytes and neurons undergo close energy coupling and substance coupling, which are closely related and interact with each other. In recent years, many studies have shown that the astrocyte-neuron coupling imbalance plays a central role in the occurrence and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and serves as an important therapeutic target receiving increasing attention. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, the main pathogenesis of AD is kidney deficiency and marrow inadequacy, and in clinical medication, kidney-tonifying and marrow-filling TCM prescriptions are often employed with satisfactory results achieved. As reported, many kidney-tonifying and marrow-filling prescriptions exhibit regulatory and protective effects on the imbalance of astrocyte-neuron coupling, suggesting that the effect of kidney-tonifying and marrow-filling prescriptions in treating AD may have some internal relationship with its regulation of the imbalance of astrocyte-neuron coupling. This article reviewed the underlying internal relationship between the imbalance of astrocyte-neuron coupling and the pathogenesis of kidney deficiency and marrow inadequacy in AD and the research progress in the intervention mechanism of TCM for tonifying the kidney and filling the marrow.

14.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 44-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961828

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the impacts of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and acetylated histone (AcH3) in the rat model of spared nerve injury (SNI), so as to explore the analgesic and antidepressant effects of EA. MethodsTwenty-four Male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with 6 in each group. SNI was used to establish the model of pain and depression. All the groups were intervened one week after SNI surgery and persisted 5 weeks. The EA group was treated with EA (2 Hz) for 30 min every other day and imipramine drug group (IMP) group with peritoneal imipramine injection (10 mg/kg) per day. The sham surgery group (SS) and model group (SNI) received the same grasping stimulation. The paw mechanical withdrawal threshold (PWT) test was performed before the SNI surgery, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 weeks after surgery, respectively. The forced swimming test (FST) and the sucrose preference test (SPT) were performed 6 weeks after SNI surgery. The Western blot method was employed to detect the expression of BDNF and AcH3 from the rat hippocampal tissue at the end of the behavioral tests. ResultsCompared with the SS group, the SNI group had significantly decreased PWT and sucrose consumption, prolonged FST immobility time (all P<0.01), down-regulated BDNF and AcH3 expression (P<0.05 & P<0.01) in the hippocampus, which indicated the successful construction of the pain-depression model. Compared with the SNI group, 6 weeks after SNI surgery, the EA and IMP groups had significantly increased PWT and sucrose consumption, and reduced FST immobility time (all P<0.01); the EA group had up-regulated BDNF and AcH3 expression (both P<0.05) in the hippocampus, the IMP group had up-regulated AcH3 (P<0.05) expression but no difference in BDNF expression. ConclusionEA could relieve pain and depressive behavioral symptoms in SNI rats. And its analgesic and antidepressant mechanisms may relate to the up-regulation of hippocampal AcH3 and BDNF expression.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1177-1182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To screen the effective anti-depressant part from Coreopsis tinctoria and study its mechanism. METHODS The anti-depressant effects of 30%,50%,70% and 90% ethanol elution fractions from 75% ethanol extract of C. tinctoria(CCTE)were investigated by tail suspension test and forced swimming test. Mice head-drop test ,reserpine antagonistic test,yohimbine toxicity enhancement test and in vitro monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibition test were used to explore the mechanism of the relationship between the effective parts and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) nerves. RESULTS The 50% and 70%CCTE could significantly shorten the accumulative immobility time in tail suspension test and forced swimming test (P<0.05 or P<0.01),increase the number of head-shaking times (P<0.01),reverse the eyelid ptosis , hypothermia and immobility caused by hematopin (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and increase the number of dead mice caused by yohimbine toxicity (P<0.01). IC 50 of okanin (CCT-6),isookanin(CCT-7)and taxifolin (CCT-8)against MAO were 8.71,37.89 and 67.07 µmol/L,respectively. CONCLUSIONS The 50% and 70%CCTE are the effective anti-depressant parts of C. tinctoria . Its anti-depressant effect may be related to the reinforcement of 5-HT and the activation of NE nerves. The inhibition of CCT- 6, CCT-7 and CCT- 8 against MAO may be one of the anti-depressant mechanism of C. tinctoria .

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 479-483, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954236

ABSTRACT

Acetabular fracture is a complex intra-articular injury. With the increasing incidence in recent years, the complications after internal fixation of acetabular fracture are increasing year by year, such as traumatic arthritis of the hip, avascular necrosis of the femoral head, redisplacement of fracture and heterotopic ossification, etc., resulting in joint pain, limited activity, the quality of life of patients is seriously affected. Nowadays, many studies have focused on total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the treatment of postoperative complications of acetabular fractures, and its curative effect is fully affirmed. By studying the efficacy of THA in the treatment of postoperative complications of acetabular fracture, we can have a more comprehensive understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of THA in the diseases, and provide a new perspective for the treatment of the diseases.This paper reviews the efficacy of THA in the treatment of postoperative complications of acetabular fracture in recent years, providing help for follow-up clinical work and research.

17.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1258-1264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986661

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of hsa_circ_0018574 in colorectal cancer tissues and human colon cancer HT29 cell line, as well as its effect on the proliferation and apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells. Methods The circPrimer 1.2 software was used to draw the circRNA sequence structure. Meanwhile, the circRNA microarray was used to screen differentially-expressed circRNA in colorectal cancer tissues and adjacent tissues, and RNA was extracted from tissue samples. The expression of hsa_circ_0018574 in human colorectal tumors was detected by RT-qPCR. The si-circ_0018574 was transfected into HT29 cells, and the expression of CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, cyclinD1, and cyclinE cyclins were detected by colony formation assay, flow cytometry, and Western blot, respectively. Results The expression of hsa_circ_0018574 in human colorectal tumor tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, the si-circ_0018574 in HT29 cells could significantly inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells, reduce clone formation and colony formation ability (P < 0.01), and induce tumor cell apoptosis (P < 0.01). The expressions of CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, cyclinD1 and cyclinE cyclins were decreased. Conclusion The hsa_circ_0018574 is highly expressed in colorectal tumors, and si-circ_0018574 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of HT29 cells, reduce cell division, and induce apoptosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 564-567, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965679

ABSTRACT

@#<b>Objective</b> To investigate the differences in output results between difference analysis software, and to provide a reference for the improvement of quality control and the standard revision of SPECT equipment. <b>Methods</b> The image analysis software for quality control held by 14 radiological health technical service institutions was selected as the research subjects using the cluster sampling method. The results of the comparison were analyzed and evaluated according to the Z-score method with certified reference values. <b>Results</b> In the comparison items of “intrinsic uniformity” and “intrinsic spatial linearity”, the number of software with suspicious, deviated and incorrect results accounted for a relatively high proportion, while the results of other comparison items were satisfactory. <b>Conclusion</b> The applicability of SPECT image analysis software lacks effective supervision measures. Relevant departments should introduce feasible measures to standardize the software production and update process, accelerate the construction of radiological health information reporting platform, and promote the healthy development of the radiation health testing industry.

19.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1063-1069, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changing characteristics of the levels of plasma thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) in atherosclerosis obliterans (ASO) patients with different conditions and the clinical value of predicting luminal restenosis after revascularization.Methods:A total of 386 ASO patients were collected, including 209 males and 177 females, aged 70 (44-97) years old, including 196 patients with intermittent claudication and 190 patients with critical limb ischemia. There were 172 patients with intermittent claudication and 185 patients with critical limb ischemia who received revascularization therapy. During the 30-day follow-up period, 23 patients with intermittent claudication and 49 patients with critical limb ischemia developed restenosis after surgery. Venous blood samples were collected before surgery, on the 3rd day after surgery, and on the 7th day after surgery. Plasma TAT levels were determined by Shine i2900-automatic chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer; Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison among multiple groups; Mann-Whitney U test was used for data comparison between the two groups; continuous comparison of patient data in the same group was done by using Friedman rank test; multivariate correlation analysis by Logistic regression was conducted to obtain odds ratio( OR). The diagnostic performance of TAT was evaluated by ROC analysis. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the survival curve, and the hazard ratio (HR) was obtained by Cox proportional hazard regression model. Results:Compared with the healthy control group, the level of plasma TAT in patients with intermittent claudication was significantly higher ( P<0.001); the level of plasma TAT in patients with critical limb ischemia was significantly higher than that in patients with intermittent claudication ( P<0.001). The plasma TAT of patients with Rutherford grade 3 >grade2, grade4 >grade3, and grade6 >grade5 ( P values were 0.038, <0.001, and 0.013, respectively).In the intermittent claudication group, the plasma TAT levels of the patients with restenosis on the 3rd and the 7th day after revascularization were both higher than that of the patients with unobstructed blood flow ( P values were 0.004 and <0.001, respectively); The plasma TAT level of patients with unobstructed blood flow on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery and before surgery (both P values <0.001); the plasma TAT level of patients with restenosis on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery and higher than before surgery (both P values < 0.001). In the critical limb ischemia group, before surgery, on the 3rd and the 7th day after surgery,the plasma TAT levels of the patients with restenosis were higher than that of the patients with unobstructed blood flow ( P values were 0.001, 0.013, and <0.001, respectively); The plasma TAT level of patients with unobstructed blood flow on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery and before surgery (both P values <0.001); the plasma TAT level of patients with restenosis on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery ( P<0.001), but was not significantly difference from that before surgery. The ROC analysis showed that the areas under the curve (AUC) of plasma TAT on the 7th day after surgery to predict postoperative restenosis in all the patients, patients with intermittent claudication and those with critical limb ischemia were 0.839, 0.783 and 0.853, respectively. Survival analysis indicated that in the critical limb ischemia group, patients with plasma TAT levels higher than the critical value (≥7.66 ng/ml) on the 7th day after surgery showed significantly higher cumulative risk of restenosis events within 30 days after surgery (Log-rank χ 2=93.674, P<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed that the plasma TAT level on the 7th day after the surgery could be used as an independent indicator to predict the occurrence of restenosis within 30 days after surgery in the critical limb ischemia group ( HR=2.259, P<0.001). Conclusion:Plasma TAT can reflect the hypercoagulable state of ASO patients in different conditions, which is helpful for stratification of disease severity. In addition, TAT is highly sensitive for luminal restenosis after revascularization and can be used as an independent marker for evaluating postoperative restenosis events in patients with critical limb ischemia.

20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 300-305, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879850

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of different melatonin treatment regimens on long-term behavior and white matter damage in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to seek an optimal melatonin treatment regimen.@*METHODS@#Healthy Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into four groups: sham-operation, HIBD, single-dose immediate treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous treatment (7DCT), with 8 rats in each group. A neonatal rat model of HIBD was prepared according to the classical Rice-Vannucci method. On day 21 after HIBD, the Morris water maze test was used to evaluate spatial learning and memory abilities. On day 70 after HIBD, immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the expression of neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal CA1 region of neonatal rats, and double-label immunofluorescence was used to measure the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) and neurofilament 200 (NF200) in the corpus striatum and the corpus callosum.@*RESULTS@#The results of the Morris water maze test showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had a significantly shorter mean escape latency than the SDIT group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both SDIT and 7DCT can improve long-term behavior and reduce white matter damage in neonatal rats with HIBD, and 7DCT is more effective than SDIT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/drug therapy , Melatonin/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , White Matter
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