Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 43
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 304-318, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011243

ABSTRACT

Lipotoxicity is a pivotal factor that initiates and exacerbates liver injury and is involved in the development of metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). However, there are few reported lipotoxicity inhibitors. Here, we identified a natural anti-lipotoxicity candidate, HN-001, from the marine fungus Aspergillus sp. C1. HN-001 dose- and time- dependently reversed palmitic acid (PA)-induced hepatocyte death. This protection was associated with IRE-1α-mediated XBP-1 splicing inhibition, which resulted in suppression of XBP-1s nuclear translocation and transcriptional regulation. Knockdown of XBP-1s attenuated lipotoxicity, but no additional ameliorative effect of HN-001 on lipotoxicity was observed in XBP-1s knockdown hepatocytes. Notably, the ER stress and lipotoxicity amelioration was associated with PLA2. Both HN-001 and the PLA2 inhibitor MAFP inhibited PLA2 activity, reduced lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) level, subsequently ameliorated lipotoxicity. In contrast, overexpression of PLA2 caused exacerbation of lipotoxicity and weakened the anti-lipotoxic effects of HN-001. Additionally, HN-001 treatment suppressed the downstream pro-apoptotic JNK pathway. In vivo, chronic administration of HN-001 (i.p.) in mice alleviated all manifestations of MAFLD, including hepatic steatosis, liver injury, inflammation, and fibrogenesis. These effects were correlated with PLA2/IRE-1α/XBP-1s axis and JNK signaling suppression. These data indicate that HN-001 has therapeutic potential for MAFLD because it suppresses lipotoxicity, and provide a natural structural basis for developing anti-MAFLD candidates.

2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 450-457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981562

ABSTRACT

The recurrent neural network architecture improves the processing ability of time-series data. However, issues such as exploding gradients and poor feature extraction limit its application in the automatic diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This paper proposed a research approach for building an MCI diagnostic model using a Bayesian-optimized bidirectional long short-term memory network (BO-BiLSTM) to address this problem. The diagnostic model was based on a Bayesian algorithm and combined prior distribution and posterior probability results to optimize the BO-BiLSTM network hyperparameters. It also used multiple feature quantities that fully reflected the cognitive state of the MCI brain, such as power spectral density, fuzzy entropy, and multifractal spectrum, as the input of the diagnostic model to achieve automatic MCI diagnosis. The results showed that the feature-fused Bayesian-optimized BiLSTM network model achieved an MCI diagnostic accuracy of 98.64% and effectively completed the diagnostic assessment of MCI. In conclusion, based on this optimization, the long short-term neural network model has achieved automatic diagnostic assessment of MCI, providing a new diagnostic model for intelligent diagnosis of MCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bayes Theorem , Neural Networks, Computer , Algorithms , Brain , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 525-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the status of T, B and NK lymphocytes in peripheral blood of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection and low-level viremia after nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment and to provide ideas for solving low-level viremia.Methods:This retrospective study involved 344 patients with chronic HBV infection who had been treated with NAs. They were divided into two groups: low-level viremia group (LLV group) and complete virological response group (CVR group). Clinical data including basic information, biochemistry and coagulation test results, HBV DNA, peripheral blood lymphocyte counts, PD1 and CD28 expression by T lymphocytes, and perforin and granzyme B expression by NK lymphocytes were collected and compared between the two groups. Propensity matching analysis was performed to verify the accuracy of the results.Results:Among the 344 cases, 162 were in the LLV group and 182 in the CVR group. There were no significant differences in disease diagnosis, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or albumin (ALB) level between the two groups ( P>0.05), but the differences in gender and age were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocyte and CD4 + /CD8 + ratios between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05), but the expression of PD1 and CD28 by peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes was higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes in the LLV group was higher than that in the CVR group ( P>0.05), and the percentage of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes was also higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of perforin in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P>0.05). The percentage of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of granzyme B in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P<0.05). After propensity score matching, 108 cases in the LLV group and 108 cases in the CVR group showed no significant differences in basic information ( P>0.05); the percentage of CD4 + T lymphocytes and CD4 + /CD8 + ratio in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group, while the percentage of CD8 + lymphocytes was lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the expression of PD1 and CD28 by CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes remained higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes as well as CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05); no significant difference in the expression of perforin by CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes was found between the two groups ( P>0.05), and the expression of granzyme B remained lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal number and function of T lymphocytes and decreased function of NK lymphocytes might be related to the development of LLV in patients with chronic HBV infection after treatment. Therefore, in addition to adjusting NAs, targeting of T and NK lymphocytes might also be a feasible measure for future LLV treatment.

4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 448-452, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986537

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinicopathological characteristics of cervical cancer patients with lymphatic metastasis, to evaluate lymph node metastasis in cervical cancer patients by combining pelvic MRI enlarged lymph nodes and SCC-Ag, and to analyze the prognostic value of the model. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data of 124 patients with cervical cancer. The predictive model was established based on the result. Results The depth of interstitial infiltration, serum SCC-Ag change value before and after treatment, lymph node enlargement showed by pelvic MRI, D2-40 and Ki67 were independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer (P < 0.05). The prediction model of lymph node metastasis: L=the serum SCC-Ag change value+7.127×lymph node enlargement showed by pelvic MRI+5.386×D2-40+5.135×the depth of interstitial infiltration+19.457×Ki67; the sensitivity was 78.6% and specificity was 79.2%. Conclusion The cervical cancer patients with L≥20.8261 should be noticed. Doctors should give them individualized neoadjuvant treatment, and ensure adequate surgical scope. The above lymphatic prediction model has predictive value for preoperative lymph node metastasis.

5.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 532-536, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the medium and long term clinical effect of three bone graft materials on periodontitis after periodontal regeneration.Methods:Initially, 16 patients with periodontitis after periodontal regeneration in Tianjin Stomatological Hospital from July 2017 to November 2018 were divided into three groups: Bio-Oss ( n=6), Bio-Gene ( n=5) and Bone 3(n=5) according to the differences in bone materials. Clinical and radiological results were evaluated at pre-surgery, post-6 months, and post-4 years. Results:The 6-month and 4-year clinical follow-up showed that, the depth of exploration (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) of patients in the three groups were lower than those before operation (all P<0.05), and the changes of PD (ΔPD) and CAL (ΔCAL) were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in gingival recession (GR) between the three groups (all P>0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference in the change of GR (ΔGR) between the groups (all P>0.05). From 6 months to 4 years after operation, there was no significant difference among ΔGR, ΔPD and ΔCAL groups (all P>0.05). At 6 months and 4 years after operation, the residual alveolar bone height (RBH%) of the three groups was significantly higher than that before operation (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups (all P>0.05); From 6 months to 4 years after operation, there was no significant difference in RBH% between the groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Three kinds of bone graft materials have significant clinical effects on periodontitis after periodontal regeneration, which can provide a reference for the selection of clinical regeneration materials.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 666-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of intestinal mucosal barrier function related indexes [diamine oxidase and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA)] in peripheral blood of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their correlation with peripheral immune function.Methods:A total of 40 patients with RA who admitted to the Rheumatology and Immunology department of the Second Hospital of the Shanxi Medical University were enrolled. We collected their clinical and laboratory data, and selected 20 age and gender matched people as the control group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbnent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the level of DAO and sIgA in the peripheral blood, the lymphocytes and CD4 + T subsets were detected by flow cytometry. Then t-test, rank sum test and correlation analysis were conducted for statistical analysis. Results:① The level of DAO in patients with RA was higher than that of healthy controls [205(164, 251) ng/ml vs 364 (276, 483) ng/ml, Z=-4.48, P<0.001], while the level of sIgA was decreased [3.64 (2.76, 4.83)×10 5 ng/ml vs 6.83 (4.80, 9.44)×10 5, Z=-3.84, P<0.001]. ② The absolute number of B and CD4 + T cells were increased in RA, the difference were statistically significant, but the absolute number of T, natural killer cells (NK) and CD8 + T cells were not significantly different between the two groups. For CD4 + T subsets, the absolute number of T helper cells (Th)1 and Treg cells in RA group were significantly decreased than healthy controls, but there were no statistical significant difference in the number of Th2 and Th17 cells. ③ The level of DAO was positively correlated with absolute number of Th17 cells in patients with RA ( r=0.36 P=0.038), and positively correlated with age and white blood cell count ( r=0.40, P=0.021; r=0.40, P=0.020), but no significant correlation among other indicators were found. ④ The serum sIgA level of RA patients in antimutated citrullinated vimentin antibody (MCV), antiperinuclear factor (APF) and antikeratin antibody (AKA) positive group were higher than those in the negative group [3.99(2.99, 5.58)×10 5 ng/ml vs 2.73(2.29, 3.05)×10 5 ng/ml, Z=-2.55, P=0.011; 5.49 (3.26, 5.70)×10 5 ng/ml vs 3.12 (2.29, 4.04)×10 5 ng/ml, Z=-2.28, P=0.023; 4.07 (3.19, 5.65)×10 5 ng/ml vs 2.88 (2.24, 3.86)×10 5 ng/ml, Z=-2.42, P=0.016], while there was no significant difference in DAO level between groups. ⑤ The DAO level of RA patients with pulmonary interstitial fibrosis was significantly higher than that in the group without pulmonary interstitial fibrosis [421 (216, 528) ng/ml vs 191 (150, 223) ng/ml, Z=-2.81, P=0.005], while there were no significant differences in DAO and sIgA levels among other groups. Conclusion:In RA patients with inte-stinal mucosal barrier impairment, the DAO level is increased, while the sIgA is decreased, and in addition, elevated peripheral blood Th17 may be involved in the process of intestinal mucosal barrier impairment.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 342-347,C3-C4, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930021

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect and mechanism of Rab4A knockout expression on proliferation, migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells. Methods:The expression of Rab4A in four human gastric cancer cell lines MGC-803, SGC-790, MKN45 and AGS was detected by Western blot. Rab4A was knocked out in AGS cells with the highest expression level, and untransfected gastric cancer cells were used as control group. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected by CCK8 and Transwell assay, respectively. Western blot analysis was used to investigate the expression changes of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), downstream pathway proteins AKT and β-catenin induced by Rab4A knockout. The interaction between Rab4A and MiR- 496 was detected by dual luciferase reporter gene, and the effect of MiR- 496 transfection on Rab4A expression was detected by qPCR and Western blot. GraphPad Prism 9 software was used for data analysis, t-test was used for comparison between the two groups, and normal distribution measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s). Results:The expression of Rab4A was the highest in AGS cells, and the knockdown of Rab4A inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of AGS cells ( P<0.05). In Rab4A knockout gastric cancer cells, the surface expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was significantly decreased, and the expression of downstream pathway proteins p-AKT and β-catenin was also inhibited ( P<0.05). The luciferase reporter showed that MiR- 496 could bind the 3′UTR of Rab4A. In addition, MiR- 496 down-regulated the expression of Rab4A in AGS cells( P<0.05). Conclusion:The expression of Rab4A is inhibited by MiR- 496, and the proliferation, migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells can be inhibited by down-regulating the surface expression of EGFR after inhibiting Rab4A expression.

8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 166-180, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929081

ABSTRACT

Neuroscientists have emphasized visceral influences on consciousness and attention, but the potential neurophysiological pathways remain under exploration. Here, we found two neurophysiological pathways of heart-brain interaction based on the relationship between oxygen-transport by red blood cells (RBCs) and consciousness/attention. To this end, we collected a dataset based on the routine physical examination, the breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) paradigm, and an attention network test (ANT) in 140 immigrants under the hypoxic Tibetan environment. We combined electroencephalography and multilevel mediation analysis to investigate the relationship between RBC properties and consciousness/attention. The results showed that RBC function, via two independent neurophysiological pathways, not only triggered interoceptive re-representations in the insula and awareness connected to orienting attention but also induced an immune response corresponding to consciousness and executive control. Importantly, consciousness played a fundamental role in executive function which might be associated with the level of perceived stress. These results indicated the important role of oxygen-transport in heart-brain interactions, in which the related stress response affected consciousness and executive control. The findings provide new insights into the neurophysiological schema of heart-brain interactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Awareness , Brain , Consciousness , Oxygen , Visual Perception
9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 426-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955984

ABSTRACT

Physical restraints are widely used in hospitalized and critically ill patients, especially in intensive care unit (ICU), to prevent adverse events such as the accidental removal of various monitoring leads, therapeutic tubes, and self-injury or injury to others due to delirium and irritation. The existing restraint measures directly bind the upper limbs of the patients to the hospital bed, which often brings psychological harm to the patients and leads to disuse muscular atrophy. Early rehabilitation therapy can help improve the prognosis of patients, but it is difficult to be widely used in ICU due to being heavily dependent on nursing and rehabilitation physicians. A novel restraint device to facilitate rehabilitation training for critically ill patients was designed by the medical staff from the department of critical care medicine of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University and obtained the National Utility Model Patent of China (ZL 2020 2 2492749.6). The device is mainly composed of a cross beam and a locking device whose two ends are connected by a rocker arm, an upper limb stopper and an upper body stopper. The upper limb and body restraint provide restrictions on the movement of the head, the upper limb, and the upper body. The angle limiter prevents the patient from pulling out the treatment tube by himself, and at the same time retains the ability to grasp the crossbar and rotate it, and the sliding block further increases the activity space, to meet the exercise of the patient's upper limb muscle strength. Carrying out physical rehabilitation training as early as possible during ICU treatment can relieve the patient's resistance to passive restraint, reduce the incidence of disuse muscle atrophy, eliminate the potential hidden dangers of medical disputes, and ultimately improve the prognosis of patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 217-224, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of patients with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and the correlation between T helper 17 cell (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) cell imbalance and cytokines.Methods:A total of 31 patients with IgG4-RD who were admitted to the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2016 to June 2020 were included. We collected their clinical and laboratory data, and selected 30 age and sex matched healthy people as the control group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentage and absolute number of lymphocyte subsets [T, B, natural killer cell (NK), CD4 +T, CD8 +T] and CD4 +T subsets [Th1, Th2, Th17, CD4 +CD25 +forkhead box protein 3 (Foxp3) +Treg] in peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients and healthy controls. The serum interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ levels in the IgG4-RD patients were measured by cytometric bead array (CBA). Correlation between Th17/Treg ratio and disease-related indicators was also analyzed. We used χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman correlation analysis for statistical analysis. Results:① The percentage of CD4 +T cells in the peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients was higher than that of healthy controls [45.00%(33.97%, 51.48%) vs 39.36%(33.78%, 43.30%), Z=-2.142, P<0.05]. ② The percentage and absolute number of Th17 cells was increased in IgG4-RD patients [1.13%(0.70%, 1.55%) vs 0.77%(0.43%, 1.07%), Z=-2.229, P<0.05; 7.90(5.20, 12.23) cells/μl vs 5.60(3.12, 8.47) cells/μl, Z=-2.568, P<0.05], while the percentage of Treg cells was decreased [3.37%(2.82%, 5.65%) vs 4.96%(4.18%, 6.34%), Z=-2.986, P<0.01]. But the number of Treg cells showed no difference between the two groups. ③ Th17/Treg ratio was significantly increased in IgG4-RD patients [0.29(0.16, 0.46) vs 0.15(0.08, 0.23), Z=-3.119, P<0.01], and it was positively correlated with IgG4-RD response index score ( r=0.491, P<0.01). ④ Serum IL-6 [13.72(9.29, 26.06) pg/ml vs 2.23(1.94, 3.10) pg/ml, Z=-4.815, P<0.01], IL-10 [5.46(4.28, 15.38) pg/ml vs 1.81(1.59, 2.02) pg/ml, Z=-5.298, P<0.01], TNF-α [4.25(1.47, 7.26) pg/ml vs 1.15(1.05, 1.45) pg/ml, Z=-3.146, P<0.01] and IFN-γ [3.89(1.76, 6.61) pg/ml vs 1.41(1.24, 1.65) pg/ml, Z=-3.172, P<0.01] in IgG4-RD group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group. Moreover, Th17/Treg ratio was negatively correlated with IL-2 level ( r=-0.554, P<0.05). Conclusion:Th17/Treg disorder exists in IgG4-RD patients, and it is related to disease activity, indicating that Th17/Treg imbalance may be an important mechanism in IgG4-RD. IL-2 plays an important role in regulating Th17/Treg balance and may be a potential immunotherapy target in future.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 281-284, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of hospitalization for pregnant women with influenza A.Methods:From December 2018 to February 2019, 261 pregnant women with influenza A were admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University. The clinical data of age, gestational period, underlying diseases, time from onset to treatment, white blood cell count and lymphocyte count of these patients were collected. Data of out-patients were compared with those of inpatients. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of hospitalization in pregnant women with influenza A.Results:Among the 261 cases of pregnancy with influenza A, 36 cases (13.79%) were hospitalized, of which 10 (27.78%) were hospitalized due to severe influenza complications, the other 26 cases (72.22%) were hospitalized due to pregnancy related adverse events. The proportions of hospitalized patients with age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, combined with underlying diseases and lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L were 75.00%(27/36), 83.33%(30/36), 16.67%(6/36) and 50.00%(18/36), respectively, which were significantly higher than those of out-patients (47.11%(106/225), 35.56%(80/225), 0.89%(2/225) and 13.22%(16/121), respectively; χ2=9.66, 29.05, 26.00 and 22.12, respectively, all P<0.05). The proportions of inpatients and out-patients with white blood cell count ≥4×10 9/L were 97.22%(35/36) and 97.52%(118/121), respectively, and there was no significant difference ( χ2=0.01, P=0.921). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥30 years (odds ratio ( OR)=5.181, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.628-16.489, P=0.005), gestational period ≥28 weeks ( OR=11.054, 95% CI 3.233-37.796, P<0.01), lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L ( OR=6.864, 95% CI 2.237-20.729, P=0.001), and time from onset to treatment <24 h ( OR=0.076, 95% CI 0.012-0.468, P=0.005) were the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A. Conclusion:Age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L and time from onset to treatment <24 h are the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1325-1329, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical application of screening cell combination method in the prediction of red blood cell alloantibody, so as to provide basis for clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2018 to April 2020, 9 680 samples were screened with automatic blood group instrument, 79 patients with positive alloantibodies were identified by 4 sets of screening cells from different manufacturers (referred to as combined method). At the same time, cell panel Panocell-16 was used for comparative analysis. Meanwhile, the combined method was also used to identify the antibodies of 20 samples from National Center for Clinical Laboratories external quality assessment (EQA) in China and 12 samples from WHO EQA.@*RESULTS@#The 79 alloantibodies included anti-Mia antibody (7 cases), anti-M antibody (13 cases), anti-Le@*CONCLUSION@#The combined method can identify the alloantibodies of red blood cells in Chinese population. The screening cells can be used for screening of irregular antibodies without wasting reagents at the same time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Blood Group Antigens , China , Erythrocytes , Isoantibodies
13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 78-82,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of LYN on the biological behaviors of gastric cancer cells, such as migration and invasion, and analyze the regulatory mechanism of Wnt/ β-catenin signaling. Methods:Gastric and paracancerous tissue samples from gastric cancer patients admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical University from Oct. 2017 to May 2018 were selected to detect the expression level of LYN in clinically collected gastric cancer and paracancerous tissue samples by qRT-PCR.Gastric cancer AGS cells were used as experimental subjects, and shRNA-LYN was transfected into gastric cancer AGS cells using Lipofectamine 2000 as experimental group (Sh-LYN group), and untransfected cells as control group (NC group). LYN mRNA expression in AGS cells before and after transfection was detected by qRT-PCR.Transwell detected cell migration and invasion. Cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL.Western Blot analysis was performed to detect proteins related to the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and to study its regulatory mechanism.Measurement data were expressed as ( Mean± SD), and independent sample t test was used for comparison between the two groups. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:LYN mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated in gastric cancer tissues ( t=11.04, P<0.001).Sh-LYN transfected gastric cancer cells could make LYN protein expression lower than that of the normal control group( F=961.26, P=0.016).After transfection, migration and invasion of cells in the sh-LYN group were inhibited, and the apoptosis rate of cells in the sh-LYN group was significantly higher than that in the normal control group ( t=3.437, 4.450, P=0.011, 0.026) .Western Blot results: sh-LYN reduced the expression of Wnt3 and β-catenin significantly when compared with the normal control group.The detection of downstream proteins showed that after LYN knockdown, the expression of EMT epithelial labeled E-cadherin was increased, and EMT mesenchymal labeled N-cardherin and vimentin were down-regulated. The other related proteins snail 1 and snail 2 were also down-regulated. Conclusion:LYN knockdown inhibits migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells and induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells, a process associated with the Wnt/ β-catenin signaling pathway.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-122, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Bazhentang on the nutritional status and immune function of patients with Qi and blood deficiency syndrome in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for gastric cancer. Method:One hundred and ten patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 55 cases each. Both groups accepted FOLFOX6 protocol. Patients in control group took Jianpi Shengxue tablets orally, 3 tablets/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group received modified Bazhentang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was six weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores were graded according to patient generated-subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), Qi and blood deficiency syndrome, and the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS-R). Levels of serum total protein (TB), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB), CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, helper T lymphocyte 17 (Th17), regulatory T cell (Treg), immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA were detected before and after therapy. Body mass index (BMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI) were measured before and after treatment. Weight loss was recorded, and the acute or subacute toxicity of anticancer drugs was evaluated. Result:The degree of malnutrition in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.401,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TB, ALB and PAB in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD8<sup>+</sup>, Th17 and Th17/Treg levels were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the levels of IgM and IgA in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The PG-SGA score and weight loss in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The BMI and FFMI data of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of PFS-R and Qi-blood deficiency syndrome were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The incidence of nausea and vomiting in the observation group was 45.45% (25/55), lower than 65.45% (36/55) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.452,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Bazhentang can be used to assist gastric cancer patients with NAC, which can improve nutritional status and immune function, promote immune balance, reduce clinical symptoms and fatigue, and reduce chemotherapy toxicity and side effects, so it is worthy of clinical use.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1373-1375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931781

ABSTRACT

Using artificial dead space to correct hypocapnia or induce hypercapnia is of particular significance for diagnosing and treating specific neurocritical diseases. At present, the above purpose is mainly achieved by adding an extension tube between the Y-type connector of the ventilator and the artificial airway in clinical practice. However, its volume is often fixed and cannot adapt to the individualized diagnosis and treatment in different clinical scenarios. The research group led by Professor Zhou Jianxin from the department of critical care medicine of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, has designed an artificial dead cavity with adjustable volume based on years of research in the respiratory field and has been granted a national utility model patent (patent number: ZL 2020 2 0496413.4). The artificial dead chamber is simple in structure, composed of a barrel body, a piston head, and a push-pull rod. By freely adjusting the size of the artificial dead chamber volume, it can accurately regulate the target carbon dioxide, correct the spontaneous hyperventilation, terminate intractable hiccup, and shorten the operation time of asphyxia test in clinical diagnosis of brain death while correcting hypocapnia or inducing hypercapnia. It has the advantages of solid reliability, convenient operation, and low production cost, which significantly facilitates scientific research and clinical diagnosis and treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 649-655, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of lymphocyte subsets and the correlation between the immune imbalance of T helper 17 cell/regulatory T cell (Th17/Treg) and cytokines in peripheral blood of patients with Beh?et's disease(BD).Methods:From January 2018 to November 2019, 82 outpatient and inpatient with BD of the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University with complete data were enrolled. The disease activity was evaluated according to BD Current Activity Form(BDCAF), and 66 age and matched healthy people were selected as the control group. The absolute numbers of lymphocyte subsets and T cell subsets dominated by Th17 and CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 + Treg in patients with BD and healthy controls were detected by Flow cytometry. The levels of interleukin (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, Interferon (IFN)-γ and Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-α in patients with BD were measured by Cytometric Beads Array (CBA). The correlations between the ratio of Th17/Treg with inflammatory index, the number of organ involved and the levels of cytokines were analyzed. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis H test, Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. Results:①The absolute numbers of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of patients with active BD [13.9(7.7, 21.1) cells/μl] and patients with stable BD [8.7(6.1, 14.0) cells/μl] were higher than those of healthy controls [6.8(4.4, 8.5) cells/μl] ( P<0.01); The ratio of Th17/Treg was significantly increased ( P<0.01). The absolute co unts of Treg cells in BD group [24.79(15.64, 37.91) cells/μl] were sign-ificantly lower than those in healthy controls [30.59(23.04, 42.08) cells/μl], the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.016). ② The ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with BDCAF ( r=0.298, P=0.007) and the number of organ involved ( r=0.304, P=0.006) was negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.254, P<0.05), and not correlated with the duration of disease and ESR ( P>0.05) in patients with BD. In addition, multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with BDCAF ( β=0.228, P=0.036) and negatively correlated with age ( β=-0.219, P=0.043), R2=0.101. ③ The levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ in patients with BD were stati-stically higher than those of healthy controls ( P<0.01). The ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with the levels of IL-2 ( r=0.307, P<0.01) and IL-4 ( r=0.301, P<0.01) in patients with BD. Conclusion:There is immune imbalance of Th17/Treg in patients with BD, which is closely related to disease activity, the number of organ involved, and the levels of cytokines such as IL-2 and IL-4. IL-2 and IL-4 may play an important role in the immune imbal-ance of Th17/Treg in patients with BD.

17.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 503-507, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823510

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) combined with different bone graft materials, including Bio-Gene, Bone3 and Bio-Oss, in the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defects. Methods Eighteen patients with chronic periodontitis with periodontal intra-bony defects were randomly divided into the Bio-Gene group, the Bone3 group and Bio-Oss group. After periodontal debridement, periodontal bone grafting combined with GTR surgery was performed in all patients. The clinical and radiographic parameters of patients were collected before surgery, suture removal (2 weeks after surgery), and 6 months after surgery, including periodontal exploration depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), gingival recession (GR), and residual alveolar bone height (RBH). Results The wounds healed well in all patients when the suture was removed. The stage Ⅰ healing was obtained without infection or wound dehiscence, and the postoperative discomfort was acceptable. At 6 months after periodontal bone grafting combined with GTR treatment, the PD and CAL indexes in the three groups were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in PD and CAL between the three groups (all P>0.05). Imaging results showed that new bone formation was observed in the original bone defect area in all three groups after 6 months of the treatment, the bone density was similar to the surrounding bone tissue. Besides, the RBH%increased significantly compared with that before the treatment (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in RBH%among the three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions Bio-Gene, Bone3 and Bio-Oss are all reliable bone graft materials for the treatment of alveolar bone defects caused by periodontitis, which can significantly improve the osteogenesis effect.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 668-672, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797922

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze serum HBV-RNA levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA has dropped to undetected levels after treatment with entecavir, and to explore the correlation between HBV-RNA level and liver biochemical parameters, which lay the research foundation for the clinical significance of new serological marker HBV-RNA.@*Methods@#HBeAg negatively detected 107 cases with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA test results were lower than detection level for six consecutive months after receiving standard nucleoside therapy for more than 12 months were included. HBV-RNA level was detected by Perkin-Elmer reagent. HBV-DNA level was detected by Roche Cobas. Hitachi automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect ALT and AST. Architect chemiluminescence analyzer was used to detect HBsAg, HBeAg, anti-HBe and anti-HBc. RStudio software was performed to analyze the correlation between HBV-RNA level and liver biochemical parameters. Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent factors influencing HBV-RNA level.@*Results@#The positive detection rate of serum HBV-RNA in patients with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA had dropped to undetected levels after ETV treatment was 22.43%. HBsAg, ALT and AST levels in HBV-RNA positive group were slightly higher than HBV-RNA negative group, while anti-HBc levels were slightly higher in HBV-RNA negative group. There was no difference in the level of anti-HBe between the HBV-RNA negative and the positive group. Logistic regression analysis showed that anti-HBc was an independent factor influencing the level of HBV-RNA detection (P = 0.021).@*Conclusion@#HBV-RNA can be detected in some patients with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA level has dropped to undetected levels after ETV treatment. Serum HBV-RNA only comes from the direct transcription of cccDNA, so it is better than HBV-DNA and HBsAg to reflect cccDNA level or activity. Anti-HBc, as an independent factor influencing the level of HBV-RNA, may be used in combination as a new marker to predict the efficacy of antiviral therapy.

19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 892-897, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813073

ABSTRACT

To analyze clinical features of mah-jong reflex epilepsy, and to explore the underlying mechanisms.
 Methods: The clinical data of 15 patient (a study group), who visited in the outpatient department in the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from 2016 to 2018, were collected and analyzed. The clinical data included disease history, 24 h- electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Next, previous 84 case (a literature group) reports published in the past 20 years were searched and compared.
 Results: Both groups of mah-jong reflex epilepsy were predominant in middle-aged men, with onset ages of (44.53±10.58) and (41.48±17.85) years old, respectively. In the study group, time interval usually lasted (4.00±2.45) h from starting play mah-jong to seizure attack, 73.3% patients complained mental fatigue before seizure attack, and 93.3% of the patients were described to have general tonic-clonic seizure. Few positive result was discovered in auxiliary examination, and the percentage was 9.3% in EEG, while no positive outcome was seen in head MRI. There were no significant differences in gender, age of onset, duration of playing mah-jong before attack, type of attack, and changes of head MRI between the 2 groups (all P>0.05).
 Conclusion: Mental fatigue after long-time mah-jong playing and cognitive dysfunction might be the potential triggers in mah-jong reflex epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Reflex , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Seizures
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1622-1626, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the correlation of platelet aggregation rate measured by platelet analyzer, platelet aggregometer and thromboelastography.@*METHODS@#The performance of platelet analyzer in platelet count and platelet aggregation function was evaluated. The platelet aggregation rate of 55 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) before and after taking aspirin alone (32 cases) and clopidogrel alone (23 cases) was measured by thromboelastography, platelet aggregometer and platelet analyzer respectively, and the analytical results were compared. The correlation between the results measured by different instruments and equipment were further analyzed and the data were included in the statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The precision of platelet analyzer in day and in batch was 1/3 lower than the total error (7%). The contamination rate was 0.30%. The slope of regression equation was 1.02 and R was 0.99 in the linear range of 4.15×10/L to 1379.95×10/L. The coincidence rate of platelet count and platelet reference method was 85%, which met the requirements of industry standards. The platelet aggregation rates of patients with T2DM after clopidogrel or aspirin by using thromboelastography, platelet aggregometer and platelet analyzer respectively was significantly lower than those whom before clopidogrel administration (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Platelet analyzer can provide reliable, objective and accurate information for clinical detection of platelet count and aggregation function, which is meet the requirements of industry standards, and its results are similar to those of platelet aggregometer and thromboelastography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Platelet Function Tests , Thrombelastography
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL