Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 34
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 166-180, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929081

ABSTRACT

Neuroscientists have emphasized visceral influences on consciousness and attention, but the potential neurophysiological pathways remain under exploration. Here, we found two neurophysiological pathways of heart-brain interaction based on the relationship between oxygen-transport by red blood cells (RBCs) and consciousness/attention. To this end, we collected a dataset based on the routine physical examination, the breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) paradigm, and an attention network test (ANT) in 140 immigrants under the hypoxic Tibetan environment. We combined electroencephalography and multilevel mediation analysis to investigate the relationship between RBC properties and consciousness/attention. The results showed that RBC function, via two independent neurophysiological pathways, not only triggered interoceptive re-representations in the insula and awareness connected to orienting attention but also induced an immune response corresponding to consciousness and executive control. Importantly, consciousness played a fundamental role in executive function which might be associated with the level of perceived stress. These results indicated the important role of oxygen-transport in heart-brain interactions, in which the related stress response affected consciousness and executive control. The findings provide new insights into the neurophysiological schema of heart-brain interactions.


Subject(s)
Awareness , Brain , Consciousness , Humans , Oxygen , Visual Perception
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Bazhentang on the nutritional status and immune function of patients with Qi and blood deficiency syndrome in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for gastric cancer. Method:One hundred and ten patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 55 cases each. Both groups accepted FOLFOX6 protocol. Patients in control group took Jianpi Shengxue tablets orally, 3 tablets/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group received modified Bazhentang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was six weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores were graded according to patient generated-subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), Qi and blood deficiency syndrome, and the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS-R). Levels of serum total protein (TB), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB), CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, helper T lymphocyte 17 (Th17), regulatory T cell (Treg), immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA were detected before and after therapy. Body mass index (BMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI) were measured before and after treatment. Weight loss was recorded, and the acute or subacute toxicity of anticancer drugs was evaluated. Result:The degree of malnutrition in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.401,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TB, ALB and PAB in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD8<sup>+</sup>, Th17 and Th17/Treg levels were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the levels of IgM and IgA in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The PG-SGA score and weight loss in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The BMI and FFMI data of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of PFS-R and Qi-blood deficiency syndrome were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The incidence of nausea and vomiting in the observation group was 45.45% (25/55), lower than 65.45% (36/55) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.452,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Bazhentang can be used to assist gastric cancer patients with NAC, which can improve nutritional status and immune function, promote immune balance, reduce clinical symptoms and fatigue, and reduce chemotherapy toxicity and side effects, so it is worthy of clinical use.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1325-1329, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical application of screening cell combination method in the prediction of red blood cell alloantibody, so as to provide basis for clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2018 to April 2020, 9 680 samples were screened with automatic blood group instrument, 79 patients with positive alloantibodies were identified by 4 sets of screening cells from different manufacturers (referred to as combined method). At the same time, cell panel Panocell-16 was used for comparative analysis. Meanwhile, the combined method was also used to identify the antibodies of 20 samples from National Center for Clinical Laboratories external quality assessment (EQA) in China and 12 samples from WHO EQA.@*RESULTS@#The 79 alloantibodies included anti-Mia antibody (7 cases), anti-M antibody (13 cases), anti-Le@*CONCLUSION@#The combined method can identify the alloantibodies of red blood cells in Chinese population. The screening cells can be used for screening of irregular antibodies without wasting reagents at the same time.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood Group Antigens , China , Erythrocytes , Humans , Isoantibodies
4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 217-224, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of patients with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and the correlation between T helper 17 cell (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) cell imbalance and cytokines.Methods:A total of 31 patients with IgG4-RD who were admitted to the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2016 to June 2020 were included. We collected their clinical and laboratory data, and selected 30 age and sex matched healthy people as the control group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentage and absolute number of lymphocyte subsets [T, B, natural killer cell (NK), CD4 +T, CD8 +T] and CD4 +T subsets [Th1, Th2, Th17, CD4 +CD25 +forkhead box protein 3 (Foxp3) +Treg] in peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients and healthy controls. The serum interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ levels in the IgG4-RD patients were measured by cytometric bead array (CBA). Correlation between Th17/Treg ratio and disease-related indicators was also analyzed. We used χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman correlation analysis for statistical analysis. Results:① The percentage of CD4 +T cells in the peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients was higher than that of healthy controls [45.00%(33.97%, 51.48%) vs 39.36%(33.78%, 43.30%), Z=-2.142, P<0.05]. ② The percentage and absolute number of Th17 cells was increased in IgG4-RD patients [1.13%(0.70%, 1.55%) vs 0.77%(0.43%, 1.07%), Z=-2.229, P<0.05; 7.90(5.20, 12.23) cells/μl vs 5.60(3.12, 8.47) cells/μl, Z=-2.568, P<0.05], while the percentage of Treg cells was decreased [3.37%(2.82%, 5.65%) vs 4.96%(4.18%, 6.34%), Z=-2.986, P<0.01]. But the number of Treg cells showed no difference between the two groups. ③ Th17/Treg ratio was significantly increased in IgG4-RD patients [0.29(0.16, 0.46) vs 0.15(0.08, 0.23), Z=-3.119, P<0.01], and it was positively correlated with IgG4-RD response index score ( r=0.491, P<0.01). ④ Serum IL-6 [13.72(9.29, 26.06) pg/ml vs 2.23(1.94, 3.10) pg/ml, Z=-4.815, P<0.01], IL-10 [5.46(4.28, 15.38) pg/ml vs 1.81(1.59, 2.02) pg/ml, Z=-5.298, P<0.01], TNF-α [4.25(1.47, 7.26) pg/ml vs 1.15(1.05, 1.45) pg/ml, Z=-3.146, P<0.01] and IFN-γ [3.89(1.76, 6.61) pg/ml vs 1.41(1.24, 1.65) pg/ml, Z=-3.172, P<0.01] in IgG4-RD group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group. Moreover, Th17/Treg ratio was negatively correlated with IL-2 level ( r=-0.554, P<0.05). Conclusion:Th17/Treg disorder exists in IgG4-RD patients, and it is related to disease activity, indicating that Th17/Treg imbalance may be an important mechanism in IgG4-RD. IL-2 plays an important role in regulating Th17/Treg balance and may be a potential immunotherapy target in future.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of hospitalization for pregnant women with influenza A.Methods:From December 2018 to February 2019, 261 pregnant women with influenza A were admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University. The clinical data of age, gestational period, underlying diseases, time from onset to treatment, white blood cell count and lymphocyte count of these patients were collected. Data of out-patients were compared with those of inpatients. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of hospitalization in pregnant women with influenza A.Results:Among the 261 cases of pregnancy with influenza A, 36 cases (13.79%) were hospitalized, of which 10 (27.78%) were hospitalized due to severe influenza complications, the other 26 cases (72.22%) were hospitalized due to pregnancy related adverse events. The proportions of hospitalized patients with age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, combined with underlying diseases and lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L were 75.00%(27/36), 83.33%(30/36), 16.67%(6/36) and 50.00%(18/36), respectively, which were significantly higher than those of out-patients (47.11%(106/225), 35.56%(80/225), 0.89%(2/225) and 13.22%(16/121), respectively; χ2=9.66, 29.05, 26.00 and 22.12, respectively, all P<0.05). The proportions of inpatients and out-patients with white blood cell count ≥4×10 9/L were 97.22%(35/36) and 97.52%(118/121), respectively, and there was no significant difference ( χ2=0.01, P=0.921). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥30 years (odds ratio ( OR)=5.181, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.628-16.489, P=0.005), gestational period ≥28 weeks ( OR=11.054, 95% CI 3.233-37.796, P<0.01), lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L ( OR=6.864, 95% CI 2.237-20.729, P=0.001), and time from onset to treatment <24 h ( OR=0.076, 95% CI 0.012-0.468, P=0.005) were the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A. Conclusion:Age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L and time from onset to treatment <24 h are the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 78-82,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of LYN on the biological behaviors of gastric cancer cells, such as migration and invasion, and analyze the regulatory mechanism of Wnt/ β-catenin signaling. Methods:Gastric and paracancerous tissue samples from gastric cancer patients admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical University from Oct. 2017 to May 2018 were selected to detect the expression level of LYN in clinically collected gastric cancer and paracancerous tissue samples by qRT-PCR.Gastric cancer AGS cells were used as experimental subjects, and shRNA-LYN was transfected into gastric cancer AGS cells using Lipofectamine 2000 as experimental group (Sh-LYN group), and untransfected cells as control group (NC group). LYN mRNA expression in AGS cells before and after transfection was detected by qRT-PCR.Transwell detected cell migration and invasion. Cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL.Western Blot analysis was performed to detect proteins related to the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and to study its regulatory mechanism.Measurement data were expressed as ( Mean± SD), and independent sample t test was used for comparison between the two groups. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:LYN mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated in gastric cancer tissues ( t=11.04, P<0.001).Sh-LYN transfected gastric cancer cells could make LYN protein expression lower than that of the normal control group( F=961.26, P=0.016).After transfection, migration and invasion of cells in the sh-LYN group were inhibited, and the apoptosis rate of cells in the sh-LYN group was significantly higher than that in the normal control group ( t=3.437, 4.450, P=0.011, 0.026) .Western Blot results: sh-LYN reduced the expression of Wnt3 and β-catenin significantly when compared with the normal control group.The detection of downstream proteins showed that after LYN knockdown, the expression of EMT epithelial labeled E-cadherin was increased, and EMT mesenchymal labeled N-cardherin and vimentin were down-regulated. The other related proteins snail 1 and snail 2 were also down-regulated. Conclusion:LYN knockdown inhibits migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells and induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells, a process associated with the Wnt/ β-catenin signaling pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 649-655, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of lymphocyte subsets and the correlation between the immune imbalance of T helper 17 cell/regulatory T cell (Th17/Treg) and cytokines in peripheral blood of patients with Beh?et's disease(BD).Methods:From January 2018 to November 2019, 82 outpatient and inpatient with BD of the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University with complete data were enrolled. The disease activity was evaluated according to BD Current Activity Form(BDCAF), and 66 age and matched healthy people were selected as the control group. The absolute numbers of lymphocyte subsets and T cell subsets dominated by Th17 and CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 + Treg in patients with BD and healthy controls were detected by Flow cytometry. The levels of interleukin (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, Interferon (IFN)-γ and Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-α in patients with BD were measured by Cytometric Beads Array (CBA). The correlations between the ratio of Th17/Treg with inflammatory index, the number of organ involved and the levels of cytokines were analyzed. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis H test, Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. Results:①The absolute numbers of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of patients with active BD [13.9(7.7, 21.1) cells/μl] and patients with stable BD [8.7(6.1, 14.0) cells/μl] were higher than those of healthy controls [6.8(4.4, 8.5) cells/μl] ( P<0.01); The ratio of Th17/Treg was significantly increased ( P<0.01). The absolute co unts of Treg cells in BD group [24.79(15.64, 37.91) cells/μl] were sign-ificantly lower than those in healthy controls [30.59(23.04, 42.08) cells/μl], the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.016). ② The ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with BDCAF ( r=0.298, P=0.007) and the number of organ involved ( r=0.304, P=0.006) was negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.254, P<0.05), and not correlated with the duration of disease and ESR ( P>0.05) in patients with BD. In addition, multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with BDCAF ( β=0.228, P=0.036) and negatively correlated with age ( β=-0.219, P=0.043), R2=0.101. ③ The levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ in patients with BD were stati-stically higher than those of healthy controls ( P<0.01). The ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with the levels of IL-2 ( r=0.307, P<0.01) and IL-4 ( r=0.301, P<0.01) in patients with BD. Conclusion:There is immune imbalance of Th17/Treg in patients with BD, which is closely related to disease activity, the number of organ involved, and the levels of cytokines such as IL-2 and IL-4. IL-2 and IL-4 may play an important role in the immune imbal-ance of Th17/Treg in patients with BD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 668-672, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797922

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze serum HBV-RNA levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA has dropped to undetected levels after treatment with entecavir, and to explore the correlation between HBV-RNA level and liver biochemical parameters, which lay the research foundation for the clinical significance of new serological marker HBV-RNA.@*Methods@#HBeAg negatively detected 107 cases with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA test results were lower than detection level for six consecutive months after receiving standard nucleoside therapy for more than 12 months were included. HBV-RNA level was detected by Perkin-Elmer reagent. HBV-DNA level was detected by Roche Cobas. Hitachi automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect ALT and AST. Architect chemiluminescence analyzer was used to detect HBsAg, HBeAg, anti-HBe and anti-HBc. RStudio software was performed to analyze the correlation between HBV-RNA level and liver biochemical parameters. Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent factors influencing HBV-RNA level.@*Results@#The positive detection rate of serum HBV-RNA in patients with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA had dropped to undetected levels after ETV treatment was 22.43%. HBsAg, ALT and AST levels in HBV-RNA positive group were slightly higher than HBV-RNA negative group, while anti-HBc levels were slightly higher in HBV-RNA negative group. There was no difference in the level of anti-HBe between the HBV-RNA negative and the positive group. Logistic regression analysis showed that anti-HBc was an independent factor influencing the level of HBV-RNA detection (P = 0.021).@*Conclusion@#HBV-RNA can be detected in some patients with chronic hepatitis B whose serum HBV-DNA level has dropped to undetected levels after ETV treatment. Serum HBV-RNA only comes from the direct transcription of cccDNA, so it is better than HBV-DNA and HBsAg to reflect cccDNA level or activity. Anti-HBc, as an independent factor influencing the level of HBV-RNA, may be used in combination as a new marker to predict the efficacy of antiviral therapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823510

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) combined with different bone graft materials, including Bio-Gene, Bone3 and Bio-Oss, in the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defects. Methods Eighteen patients with chronic periodontitis with periodontal intra-bony defects were randomly divided into the Bio-Gene group, the Bone3 group and Bio-Oss group. After periodontal debridement, periodontal bone grafting combined with GTR surgery was performed in all patients. The clinical and radiographic parameters of patients were collected before surgery, suture removal (2 weeks after surgery), and 6 months after surgery, including periodontal exploration depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), gingival recession (GR), and residual alveolar bone height (RBH). Results The wounds healed well in all patients when the suture was removed. The stage Ⅰ healing was obtained without infection or wound dehiscence, and the postoperative discomfort was acceptable. At 6 months after periodontal bone grafting combined with GTR treatment, the PD and CAL indexes in the three groups were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in PD and CAL between the three groups (all P>0.05). Imaging results showed that new bone formation was observed in the original bone defect area in all three groups after 6 months of the treatment, the bone density was similar to the surrounding bone tissue. Besides, the RBH%increased significantly compared with that before the treatment (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in RBH%among the three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions Bio-Gene, Bone3 and Bio-Oss are all reliable bone graft materials for the treatment of alveolar bone defects caused by periodontitis, which can significantly improve the osteogenesis effect.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813073

ABSTRACT

To analyze clinical features of mah-jong reflex epilepsy, and to explore the underlying mechanisms.
 Methods: The clinical data of 15 patient (a study group), who visited in the outpatient department in the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from 2016 to 2018, were collected and analyzed. The clinical data included disease history, 24 h- electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Next, previous 84 case (a literature group) reports published in the past 20 years were searched and compared.
 Results: Both groups of mah-jong reflex epilepsy were predominant in middle-aged men, with onset ages of (44.53±10.58) and (41.48±17.85) years old, respectively. In the study group, time interval usually lasted (4.00±2.45) h from starting play mah-jong to seizure attack, 73.3% patients complained mental fatigue before seizure attack, and 93.3% of the patients were described to have general tonic-clonic seizure. Few positive result was discovered in auxiliary examination, and the percentage was 9.3% in EEG, while no positive outcome was seen in head MRI. There were no significant differences in gender, age of onset, duration of playing mah-jong before attack, type of attack, and changes of head MRI between the 2 groups (all P>0.05).
 Conclusion: Mental fatigue after long-time mah-jong playing and cognitive dysfunction might be the potential triggers in mah-jong reflex epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Reflex , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Seizures
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1622-1626, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the correlation of platelet aggregation rate measured by platelet analyzer, platelet aggregometer and thromboelastography.@*METHODS@#The performance of platelet analyzer in platelet count and platelet aggregation function was evaluated. The platelet aggregation rate of 55 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) before and after taking aspirin alone (32 cases) and clopidogrel alone (23 cases) was measured by thromboelastography, platelet aggregometer and platelet analyzer respectively, and the analytical results were compared. The correlation between the results measured by different instruments and equipment were further analyzed and the data were included in the statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The precision of platelet analyzer in day and in batch was 1/3 lower than the total error (7%). The contamination rate was 0.30%. The slope of regression equation was 1.02 and R was 0.99 in the linear range of 4.15×10/L to 1379.95×10/L. The coincidence rate of platelet count and platelet reference method was 85%, which met the requirements of industry standards. The platelet aggregation rates of patients with T2DM after clopidogrel or aspirin by using thromboelastography, platelet aggregometer and platelet analyzer respectively was significantly lower than those whom before clopidogrel administration (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Platelet analyzer can provide reliable, objective and accurate information for clinical detection of platelet count and aggregation function, which is meet the requirements of industry standards, and its results are similar to those of platelet aggregometer and thromboelastography.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Platelet Function Tests , Thrombelastography
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706982

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen TCM dominant diseases from service efficiency, service quality and security by taking a three-A-grade TCM hospital as example.Methods According to the diagnosis related data of the TCM hospital, the common diseases in major disease categories (MDC) were screened out. Average cost of hospitalization, average hospitalization days, antibiotic use rates, blood use rates, and mortality rates were compared with the average level of tertiary general hospitals.Results Totally 27 common diseases were screened out. Three diseases had advantages in terms of service efficiency, security and service quality; 14 diseases had security advantage; 13 diseases had advantage in service quality.Conclusion Compared with three-A-grade general hospitals, most of the common diseases in the hospital has obvious advantages in security and service quality, but the average length of hospitalization in the hospital is longer, and the average cost of most of the common diseases is higher than the general hospital, without advantages in service efficiency.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664894

ABSTRACT

Oligosaccharide isomers were distinguished by electron capture dissociation Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry ( ECD-FT-ICR-MS ) in combination with utiliZing alkali, alkaline earth, and transition metals ( Na+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, Mn2+ and Co2+) as charge carriers in electrospray.Maltoheptaose, mannohexaose and laminarihexaose were taken as examples to investigate influence of metal ions on the extent of oligosaccharide fragmentation.The same types of fragmentation ions ( 0,2 A and 2,4 A) were obtained for barium- and calcium-adducted maltoheptaose.Mg2+ and Mn2+ had the similar influence ( 0,2 A, 2,4 A and 2,5 A ).Three cross-ring cleavage ions ( 1,4 A, 2,4 A and 2,5 A ) were generated in the spectrum of cobalt-associated maltoheptaose.But in the case of doping Na+into maltoheptaose, only 0,2 A ion was detected.It was found that the signals in the spectra of mannohexaose and laminarihexaose were worse than that in the spectrum of maltoheptaose, probably resulting from different numbers of adducted metal ions.The isomers, mannohexaose and laminarihexaose could be distinguished by ECD-MS in conjunction with the addition of Ca2+, Mg2+ or Co2+.The addition of Ca2+ was the best choice for analysis of oligosaccharides.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754620

ABSTRACT

How to use traditional medicine to play the role of primary health care to achieve strategic objectives of universal health coverage and health for all is an important issue for traditional medical development. World Health Organization (WHO) called out that the health system should return to primary health system which was officially launched 30 years ago. "Universal Health Coverage" was list as one of the overall objectives of WHO overall program in 2014-2019. WHO advocated incorporating traditional medicine into primary health care system to promote universal health coverage. At the same time, under the new situation of returning to the "basic health care", China has accumulated rich experience in incorporating TCM into basic health care system. Chinese medicine service has been successfully incorporated into the national basic public health services in grassroots medical institutions, and Chinese medicine service capacity has also been significantly improved under the guidance of good policy.

15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 163-167, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775201

ABSTRACT

Penile disease is one of the male urological diseases. Although the penis is a small organ, once the problem occurs, it often brings great trouble to the patient. Therefore, the accurate diagnosis of penile disease is particularly important. High-frequency ultrasonography, with its advantages of noninvasiveness, safety, low cost, easy operation and reproducibility, can clearly show the structure and blood flow of the penis and has a significant value in the diagnosis and follow-up of penile diseases such as vascular erectile dysfunction, priapism, penile injury, penile neoplastic and non neoplastic nodules. Meanwhile, the development of new technologies such as shear wave elastography (SWE) and contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has made up for the shortcomings of traditional ultrasound imaging, expanded the application of ultrasound in penile diseases, and improved the efficiency of ultrasound diagnosis of the diseases. This article focuses on the application value of ultrasound in erectile dysfunction, priapism, penile cavernous injury and penile tubercle, as well as the latest progress in such new technologies as SWE and CEUS applied to penile diseases.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Erectile Dysfunction , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penile Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Penile Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Penis , Diagnostic Imaging , Wounds and Injuries , Priapism , Diagnostic Imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography , Methods
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513393

ABSTRACT

A new method was proposed for analysis of the organic compounds in cigarette smoke by high resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry based on polyacrylonitrile-silica (PAN-SiO2) nanofiber membrane extraction and methanol elution.Hydrophobic PAN-SiO2 nanofiber membrane which was used to enrich small molecular organic compounds in cigarette smoke was prepared by the technology of electrospinning.Several parameters including the concentrations of PAN and SiO2 nanopartical,elecrospining voltage,needle aperture and flow rate of spinning solution were optimized.Under the optimal conditions,a PAN-SiO2 nanofiber membrane with good adsorption performance and great physical strength was obtained.A total of 21 compounds including acetone,styrene,acrolein,isoprene,and acrylonitrile were identified by analyzing the cigarette smoke with Orbitrap MS spectrometry in the positive ion mode.Six organic acids including salicylic acid,malic acid and lactic acid were detected in negative ion mode.The limits of detection and quantification for nicotine were 0.071 ng/L and 0.236 ng/L,respectively.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275498

ABSTRACT

Toutongning capsule (TTNC) is a traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) with good effect for treating migraine in clinical application. In this paper, a systems pharmacology method was carried out to study the TNF mechanism of the TTNC on the migraine. First, the ingredients for TTNC were collected from TCM databases, and ADME properties prediction was firstly applied to screen out the active compounds of TTNC. Then, the target searching and identification was performed by using CSDT model, and the targets were mapped to the migraine disease to determine the active targets through some common databases like TTD. To obtain the targets related with TNF signaling pathway, KEGG pathway analysis was performed by DAVID online analysis tool. Finally, the "herbs-compounds-targets" network was built by Cytoscape software. According to the results of degree and betweenness in the network, the key active compounds and targets were determined to explore the TNF mechanism for TTNC. Results showed that 19 active compounds and 8 targets played a crucial role in the treatment of migraine by TNF pathway for TTNC. This work provided a new perspective to deepen the understanding of the TNF signaling pathway mechanism in migraine treatment by TTNC, and may provide a necessary theoretical basis for the determination of effective markers and the clinical research of this medicine.

19.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 137-141, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487767

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the the multi-directional differentiation potential between pluripotent of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs). Methods HPDLCs and HGFs were obtained from the primary culture. HPDLCs and HGFs at 3rd-4th passage were cultured in osteogenic, adipogenic or chondrogenic me-dium. Cells without differentiation were taken as control. Alizarin red, Alcian blue and oil red O staining were performed to detect osteogenic differentiation, chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation in vitro, respectively. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was applied to examine the expression of osteocalcin (OCN), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and collagen 1 (Col 1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPARγ2) and collagen 10 (Col 10). Results HPDLCs and HGFs cultured in osteogenic medium showed massive calicium nodulus at day 28, but HP-DLCs formed more calicium nodulus than those of HGFs. The expressions of OCN, RUNX2 and Col 1 were significantly high-er in HPDLCs than those in HGFs (P<0.05). In chondrogenic medium both cells were found blue deposit at day 14, and the expression of Col 10 was significantly higher in HGFs than that of HPDLCs (P<0.01). Furthermore, in adipogenic medium HGFs showed more lipid-filled droplets stained with oil red O than HPDLCs at day 21. The expression of PPARγ2 was sig-nificantly higher in HGFs than that of HPDLCs (P<0.01). Conclusion HPDLCs has the better potency of osteogenic differ-etiation than HGFs, however, HGFs has the better potency of adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4927-4929,4930, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605889

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the concentration determination of vitamin A(VitA)in human serum,and apply it in healthy volunteers and hepatocirrhosis patients. METHODS:After liquid-liquid extraction,serum sample was deter-mined by HPLC. Using VitA acetic ester as internal standard,the separation was performed on Kromasil C18 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-water (98∶2,V/V) at the flow rate of 1 ml/min. The wavelength was set at 325 nm,and the column temperature was room temperature. The sample size was 20 μl. RESULTS:The linear range of VitA were 0.012 4-3.210 μg/ml(r=0.997 2,n=5),and the limit of quantification was 0.012 4 μg/ml. Inter-day and intra-day RSD ranged 1.66%-2.97%;sample re-coveries were 98.18%-99.56%;extraction recoveries were 89.59%-91.38%. Average blood concentration of VitA were(0.71±0.08)μg/ml in 24 healthy volunteers and (0.28 ± 0.06)μg/ml in 24 hepatocirrhosis patients. There was statistical significance in average blood concentration of VitA between healthy volunteers and hepatocirrhosis patients in different age groups (P<0.05). CONCLU-SIONS:The method is simple,rapid,sensitive and accurate,and can be used for the concentration determination of VitA in serum of healthy volunteers and hepatocirrhosis patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL