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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1658-1661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987886

ABSTRACT

With the development of society, the incidence of myopia and the population of myopia has increased year by year, which has become a major public health problem. Therefore, the research on the pathogenesis and prevention and control measures of myopia is imminent. In recent years, the role of the biological clock in the development of myopia has gradually attracted scholars interest. Now the author starts from the impact of the biological clock on the axial length, retina and choroid in the development of myopia. In order to provide new ideas for the study of prevention and control measures and the pathogenesis of myopia, a brief review is made from the perspective of contemporary society and disrupted body clock.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 131-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970251

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors of malignant vasovagal syncope (VVS) in children. Methods: This was a case-control study. The data of 368 VVS patients who were treated in the Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2017 to December 2021 was collected and analyzed. They were divided into malignant VVS group and non-malignant VVS group according to the presence of sinus arrest, and then their demographic characteristics were compared. The children with malignant VVS and complete clinical information were recruited into the case group and were matched by age and sex (1∶4 ratio) with non-malignant VVS patients during the same period.Their clinical characteristics and lab tests were compared. Independent sample t test, Mann Whitney U or χ2 test was used for comparison between groups.Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for malignant VVS in children. Results: Eleven malignant VVS and 342 non-malignant VVS met the inclusion and exclusion critera. Eleven malignant VVS and 44 non-malignant children were recruited in the case-control study. Ten patients of the 11 malignant VVS had a cardiac arrest occurring at 35 (28, 35) minutes of the head-up tilt test, and the duration of sinus arrest was (9±5) s. One patient had syncope occurring while waiting for drawing blood, and the duration of sinus arrest was 3.4 s. The children with malignant vasovagal syncope were younger than non-malignant VVS patients (9 (7, 10) vs. 12 (10, 14) years old, P<0.05), and had higher mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and standard deviation of the mean cardiac cycle over 5-minute period within 24 hours ((347±9) vs. (340±8) g/L, (124±9) vs. (113±28) ms, both P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that MCHC was an independent risk factor for malignant VVS in pediatric patients (OR=1.13, 95%CI 1.02-1.26, P=0.024). Conclusions: The onset age of malignant VVS was younger, with no other special clinical manifestations. MCHC was an independent risk factor for malignant VVS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Syncope, Vasovagal/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Syncope , Risk Factors
3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 361-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore KRAS, NRAS, BRAF gene mutations and microsatellite instability(MSI) in colorectal cancer tissues as well as their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 473 colorectal cancer patients in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from October 2020 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The mutation status of KRAS, NRAS and BRAF gene in the paraffin tissues were detected by using amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) method. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-capillary electrophoresis was used to analyze MSI status, and the correlation of the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with gene mutations and MSI status was analyzed.Results:The mutation rates of KRAS, NRAS and BRAF were 45.03% (213/473), 2.96% (14/473) and 5.50% (26/473), respectively in 473 patients with colorectal cancer. No case harbored both 2 gene mutations was detected. The mutation rate of KRAS gene in well differentiated adenocarcinoma was higher than that in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma [47.4% (175/369) vs. 36.5% (38/104), χ2 = 3.89, P = 0.049]. NRAS mutation rate in female was higher than that in male [5.0% (10/202) vs. 1.5% (4/271), χ2 = 4.86, P = 0.027], and the NRAS mutation rate in patients with tumor diameter ≤ 3 cm was higher than that in those with tumor diameter >3 cm [7.1% (7/98) vs. 1.9% (7/375), P = 0.013]. BRAF mutation rate of tumors located in colon was higher than that in rectum [11.7% (20/171) vs.2.0% (6/302), χ2 = 19.81, P < 0.001]; BRAF mutation rate in poorly differentiated tumor was higher than that in well differentiated tumor [10.6% (11/104) vs. 4.1% (15/369), χ2 = 6.62, P = 0.010]; BRAF mutation rate in patients with mucus was higher than that in those without mucus [10.9% (11/101) vs. 4.0% (15/372), χ2 = 7.19, P = 0.007]; BRAF mutation rate in patients with lymphatic metastasis was higher than that in patients without lymphatic metastasis [8.2% (15/182) vs.3.8% (11/291), χ2 = 4.29, P = 0.038]. The incidence of high frequency MSI (MSI-H) in 473 colorectal cancer tissues was 7.19% (34/473). The incidence of MSI-H in colon was higher than that in rectum [14.0% (24/171) vs. 3.3% (10/302), χ2 = 18.82, P < 0.001]; the incidence of MSI-H in patient with poor differentiated tumor was higher than that in those with well differentiated tumor [17.3% (18/104) vs. 4.3% (16/369), χ2 = 20.46, P < 0.001]; the incidence of MSI-H in patients with mucus was higher than that in those without mucus [11.9% (12/101) vs. 5.9% (22/372), χ2 = 4.24, P = 0.039]; and the incidence of MSI-H in patients without lymphatic metastasis was higher than that in patients with lymphatic metastasis [10.0% (29/291) vs. 2.7% (5/182), χ2 = 8.75, P = 0.003]. In addition, the incidence of MSI-H was on the rise in patients with BRAF mutation ( P < 0.001). Conclusions:KRAS, NRAS, BRAF gene mutations and MSI status are correlated with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer; there is a close relationship between MSI-H and BRAF mutation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 539-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for inadequate bowel preparation of colonoscopy.Methods:A total of 677 patients who underwent colonoscopy at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2021 to January 2023 were recruited, and all patients underwent standardized bowel preparation by using 3 L polyglycol electrolyte powder with fractional dose. The quality of bowel preparation was assessed by Boston bowel preparation scale, and the influencing factors for inadequate bowel preparation were analyzed by logistic regression analysis.Results:The rate of inadequate bowel preparation was 31.5% (213/677). Among the patients with inadequate bowel preparation, 85.4% (182/213) inadequate bowel preparation was only in proximal colon, 14.1% (30/213) was in both proximal and distal colon, and 0.5% (1/213) was only in distal colon. Inadequate bowel preparation in distal colon and total colon were combined into inadequate bowel preparation in distal colon. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that inadequate bowel preparation in proximal colon was more likely to occur in men ( P=0.001, OR=2.253, 95% CI: 1.399-3.629), outpatients ( P<0.001, OR=4.175, 95% CI: 2.410-7.231), those with no family history of colorectal cancer ( P=0.001, OR=2.117, 95% CI: 1.365-3.284), and diagnostic colonoscopy ( P=0.003, OR=1.978, 95% CI: 1.261-3.102). And spinal disease ( P=0.044, OR=7.430, 95% CI: 1.051-52.511), outpatients ( P<0.001, OR=135.577, 95% CI: 29.135-630.883),non-compliance of dietary requirements ( P=0.006, OR=4.772, 95% CI: 1.576-14.453), adverse reaction during bowel preparation ( P=0.015, OR=4.341, 95% CI: 1.329-14.179), no family history of colorectal cancer ( P=0.003, OR=7.110, 95% CI: 1.912-26.438), and poor last stool character ( P=0.001, OR=25.922, 95% CI: 3.779-177.832) were risk factors for inadequate bowel preparation in distal colon. Conclusions:The inadequate bowel preparation of colonoscopy mainly occurs in proximal colon, and the risk factors for the inadequate bowel preparation vary in different colonic segments. Therefore, the specific interventions should be performed according to the character of different colon segments to improve the quality of bowel preparation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 609-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To document any effect of clinical rehabilitation pathway management on intubation time, dysfunction and medical expenditure associated with tracheotomy after a stroke.Methods:A total of 154 stroke survivors undergoing tracheotomy were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 77. Both groups were given routine rehabilitation, while the observation group was additionally provided with clinical rehabilitation pathway management during the rehabilitation intervention. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed before the experiment and after 2, 4 and 6 weeks of treatment. Clinical pulmonary infection scores (CPISs), scores on the Chelsea Physical Function Assessment Scale (CPAx) and hospitalization cost were compared between the two groups.Results:The median extubation time of the observation group (2d) was significantly shorter than that of the control group (10d). After 2, 4 and 6 weeks of treatment, the average CPIS scores of the observation group were in each case significantly lower than those before treatment and the control group′s averages at the same time points, even though after 4 and 6 weeks of treatment the control group′s average CPIS scores had improved significantly. After 2, 4 and 6 weeks of treatment, the average CPAx scores of the observation group were significantly higher than those before treatment and better than the control group′s averages, even though the control group too had improved significantly compared with before the treatment. Hospitalization days, total hospitalization cost, antibiotic cost and laboratory examination cost of the observation group were, on average, significantly lower than those of the control group.Conclusion:Rehabilitation path management can shorten the period of intubation, prevent pulmonary infections, relieve dysfunction, and reduce medical expenses for stroke survivors after a tracheotomy. It is worthy of clinical promotion.

6.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 97-102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate any effect of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on the expression of P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) and glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of mice modeling depression.Methods:Thirty C57BL/6 mice were divided into a control group ( n=10) and a depression group ( n=20). The mice of the control group were raised in group (five mice per cage), while those of the depression group were kept alone for six weeks to induce depression. Among them, 16 were successfully modeled and randomly divided into a model group ( n=8) and an rTMS group ( n=8). The rTMS group received five sessions per week of 10Hz rTMS for 4 weeks. Any changes in depression-like behavior were observed and the expression of P2X7R and GFAP in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus was measured. Results:Compared to the control group, a significant decrease was observed in the sucrose consumption rate in the sucrose preference test, in the distance moved in the open field test and in the expression of GFAP protein. But there was a significant increase in the immobile time in the tail suspension test and in the expression of P2X7R protein in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus in the model group. At the conclusion of the experiment the differences in the sucrose consumption rate, the distance moved, GFAP protein expression, immobile time and P2X7R protein expression between the rTMS and the model group were all statistically significant.Conclusion:rTMS can reduce depression-like behavior, at least in mice. That may be related to inhibiting P2X7R expression and promoting GFAP expression in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 438-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the incidence and risk factors related to lumbodorsal fasciitis in acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:The clinical data of 1182 acute OVCF hospitalized in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University between June 2016 and October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 219 males and 963 females, aged 72.19±9.39 years (range, 45-98 years). The demographics, comorbidity profile, spine trauma, back pain duration, and vertebral fracture number of the OVCF with or without lumbodorsal fasciitis were summarized and compared. The independent risk factors of lumbodorsal fasciitis were identified by binary logistic regression analysis.Results:There were 532 cases of OVCF complicated with lumbodorsal fasciitis among 1,182 patients, and the incidence was 45.01%. The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of males (23.5%, 125/532) than the OVCF without (14.5%, 94/650) fasciitis (χ 2=15.82, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis were aged 74.57±9.21 years and significantly older than the OVCF (aged 70.24±9.60 years) without fasciitis ( t=7.85, P<0.001). The highest proportion of patients with OVCF combined with fasciitis was ≥80 years old (36.1%, 192/532), while most (34.6%, 225/650) of the OVCF without fasciitis were aged 60-70 years (χ 2=56.27, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of no evident spine trauma (37.0%, 197/532) and multiple vertebral fractures involving ≥3 vertebra (10.5%, 56/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis [26.3% (171/650), 3.2% (21/650); χ 2=17.67, P<0.001; χ 2=40.63, P<0.001]. The ratio of pre-hospital back pain >4 weeks was higher in the OVCF with (20.7%, 110/532) than without (7.4%, 48/650) fasciitis (χ 2=62.46, P<0.001). The OVCF with fasciitis had higher comorbidity of hypertension (52.8%, 281/532), coronary heart disease (14.7%, 78/532), and cerebral infarction (24.8%, 132/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis [42.8% (278/650), 9.9% (64/650), 17.9% (116/650); χ 2=11.85, P<0.001; χ 2=6.42, P=0.011; χ 2=8.56, P=0.003]. The OVCF with fasciitis had higher ratio of two comorbidities (23.7%, 126/532) than the OVCF without fasciitis (16.1%, 105/650) (χ 2=21.15, P<0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis showed significantly higher risk of lumbodorsal fasciitis in males than in females ( OR=1.69, P=0.001), in age group 60-<70、70-<80 and ≥80 years than in <60 years ( OR=2.28, P=0.002; OR=2.64, P<0.001; OR=4.90, P<0.001), in back pain for 2-<4 weeks and >4 weeks than in ≤1 week ( OR=1.70, P=0.005; OR=3.81, P<0.001), and in multiple fractures involving 2 and ≥3 vertebra than in single vertebrae ( OR=1.75, P=0.003; OR=3.36, P<0.001). Conclusion:Up to 45% of acute OVCF have concurrent lumbodorsal fasciitis. Male, aged ≥60 years, pre-hospital back pain ≥2 weeks, and fractures in ≥2 vertebra are independent risk factors of lumbodorsal fasciitis in OVCF.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 172-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993425

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the anatomical distribution of and factors related to single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:The radiology and clinical data of 944 patients with single-segment OVCF hospitalized in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University between June 2016 and October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 175 males and 769 females, aged 72.1±9.6 years (range, 45-97 years). The anatomical distribution of OVCF was quantified. The demographics, comorbidity profile, spine trauma, back pain duration, vertebral compression degree, and bone mineral density of the OVCF patients in different anatomical segments were summarized and compared.Results:Of the 944 single-segment OVCF, 864 were located in the lower thoracic and lumbar spine that peaked at L 1 (Modal-1 group), and 80 were located in the middle and upper thoracic spine (Modal-2 group) that peaked at T 7, demonstrating an asymmetric bimodal distribution. The difference in the female/male ratio between the two groups was insignificant (χ 2=0.06, P=0.803). Patients in Modal-2 were aged 75.0±9.8 years and on average older than the patients (aged 71.8±9.6 years) in Modal-1 ( t=2.78, P=0.005). The female patients in Modal-2 (aged 75.0±9.6 years) were significantly older than that (aged 71.2±9.3 years) in Modal-1 ( t=3.17, P=0.002). The ratio of back pain duration for <1 week in Modal-2 (43.8%) was lower than that in Modal-1 (60.2%), and the ratio of back pain for 1-weeks (28.8%) was significantly higher than that (15.5%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=11.50, P=0.009). The most frequently reported spine traumas in Modal-2 (50.0%) were heavy lifting injury, lumbar sprain, and strenuous cough, which were significantly different from and less apparent than the fall on ground or crush injury to the spine (64.1%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=60.71, P<0.001). The anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae in Modal-2 was 0.78±0.13, 0.83±0.14, 0.84±0.13, and 0.78±0.18 in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for <1 week, 1-weeks, 2-weeks, and >4 weeks respectively, showing no significant difference between groups ( F=1.01, P=0.009). In Modal-1, the anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae was lower in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for 2-weeks (0.80±0.15) and >4 weeks (0.77±0.19) than in those with back pain for <1 week (0.85±0.11) and 1-weeks (0.86±0.14), with sinificant differences ( P<0.05). 32.4% (306/944) of the OVCF patients had one of the following geriatric comorbidities: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The OVCF patients in Model-2 had higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease (21.3%) and cerebral infarction (36.3%) than those in Model-1 (11.6% and 20.3%). Bone mineral density information was available from 371 patients (308 females). In the age groups of <70, 70-, and >80 years, no significant difference was detected in the T-score values of the lumbar spine or hip joint between the OVCF patients in Model-1 and Model-2 ( F=0.13, P=0.880; F=0.62, P=0.538). Conclusion:Single-segment OVCF feature an asymmetric bimodal distribution that is demarcated by the T 10 vertebrae. The distribution pattern is not determined by gender or baseline bone mineral density but highlights the risk of mechanical stress and vertebral fragility within a specific segment. OVCF in the middle and upper thoracic spine is less frequent but common in older patients with higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease and cerebral infarction, which tend to be caused by less apparent spine trauma and maintain vertebral compression but complain of long back pain duration.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 849-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and summarize the best evidence of energy and protein intake targets and calculation in adult critically ill patients, and to provide evidence-based basis for critical nutrition management.Methods:Evidence related to energy and protein intake targets and calculation of adult critically ill patients, including guideline, expert consensus, systematic review and evidence summary, were systematically searched in PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Embase, Cochrane Library, UpToDate, BMJ Best Practice, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), Web of Science, SinoMed, Medive, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database, VIP database, Guidelines International Network (GIN), National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO), and Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) from January 2012 to June 2022. Two researchers independently evaluated the quality of the included literatures using the JBI Evidence-based Health Care Center evaluation tool and the Appraisal of Clinical Practice Guidelines for Research and Evaluation Ⅱ (AGREE Ⅱ), extracted and summarized the best evidence for the nutritional intake goal and calculation of adult critically ill patients, and described the evidence.Results:A total of 18 literatures were included, including 5 clinical guidelines, 8 expert consensus, 3 systematic reviews and 2 evidence summaries. After literature quality evaluation, 18 articles were all enrolled. The evidence was summarized from the four aspects, including energy target calculation method, dose body weight, energy and protein intake target, and calculation method, 24 pieces of the best evidence were finally formed.Conclusions:The best evidence of energy and protein intake targets and calculation for critically ill patients was summarized based on evidence-based. Clinical medical staff can choose indirect calorimetry to calculate energy goals when equipment is available. Patient's height, body weight should be recorded accurately, dose body weight can be determined by body mass index (BMI). Meanwhile, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) loss, fat-free body weight, simple formulas and other methods should be used to continuously evaluate and adjust protein intake targets, to achieve the purpose of optimizing intensive nutrition support.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 100-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990616

ABSTRACT

In recent years, due to the increasing population of ageing and obesity, the incidence rate of hernia is increasing year by year, which has become a social problem that needs to be focused. Although starting late, the hernia and abdominal wall surgery has developed rapidly in recent years in China, and many remarkable achievements have been made. The development of hernia and abdominal wall surgery is inseparable from the progress of medical technology, the continuous innovation of materials, the improvement of perioperative management concept and the improvement of registration and follow-up system. The authors investigate the relevant research at home and abroad in recent years, and summarize and prospect the materials science, the daytime surgery and the registration and follow-up system, in order to provide reference for the future development of hernia and abdominal wall surgery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1512-1518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of closed-loop therapy system in adult non-mechanical ventilation patients in order to provide evidence-based basis for promoting the safety of oxygen therapy.Methods:Randomized controlled trials of closed-oxygen therapy system on the percentage within SpO 2 target, the incidence of hypoxaemia or hyperoxia, oxygen consumption, the mean oxygen therapy days, as well as the length of hospital stay in adult non-mechanical ventilation patients were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP from inception to June 30, 2022. Data extraction, and literature quality evaluation were performed by two researchers independently, RevMan 5.3 was used for meta-analysis. Results:A total of 5 articles including 502 patients were included. The results showed that the closed oxygen therapy system could significantly improve the percentage of time within SpO 2 target of patients ( SMD=1.56, 95% CI 1.22-1.90, Z=9.04, P<0.001) and reduce the percentage of time with hypoxaemia ( SMD=-0.35, 95% CI-0.50--0.19, Z=4.37, P<0.001) or hyperoxia ( SMD=-0.91, 95% CI-1.07--0.75, Z=11.04, P<0.001) of patients. Moreover, the mean oxygen flow rate of closed oxygen therapy ( SMD=-0.64, 95% CI-1.25--0.03, Z=2.07, P<0.05), the mean oxygen therapy days ( SMD=-0.55, 95%, CI-1.06--0.03, Z=2.08, P<0.05), as well as the length of hospital stay ( SMD=-1.68, 95% CI-2.22--1.14, Z=6.11, P<0.001) were lower than those of patients with manual adjustment systems. Conclusion:The closed oxygen therapy system can promote the safety of oxygen use, but it needs clinical application to further explore.

12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 668-682, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010765

ABSTRACT

Although the development of COVID-19 vaccines has been a remarkable success, the heterogeneous individual antibody generation and decline over time are unknown and still hard to predict. In this study, blood samples were collected from 163 participants who next received two doses of an inactivated COVID-19 vaccine (CoronaVac®) at a 28-day interval. Using TMT-based proteomics, we identified 1,715 serum and 7,342 peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) proteins. We proposed two sets of potential biomarkers (seven from serum, five from PBMCs) at baseline using machine learning, and predicted the individual seropositivity 57 days after vaccination (AUC = 0.87). Based on the four PBMC's potential biomarkers, we predicted the antibody persistence until 180 days after vaccination (AUC = 0.79). Our data highlighted characteristic hematological host responses, including altered lymphocyte migration regulation, neutrophil degranulation, and humoral immune response. This study proposed potential blood-derived protein biomarkers before vaccination for predicting heterogeneous antibody generation and decline after COVID-19 vaccination, shedding light on immunization mechanisms and individual booster shot planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Proteomics , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination , Antibodies , Antibodies, Viral , Antibodies, Neutralizing
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3345-3359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981471

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of Xuebijing Injection in the treatment of sepsis-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) based on network pharmacology and in vitro experiment. The active components of Xuebijing Injection were screened and the targets were predicted by the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). The targets of sepsis-associated ARDS were searched against GeneCards, DisGeNet, OMIM, and TTD. Weishengxin platform was used to map the targets of the main active components in Xuebijing Injection and the targets of sepsis-associated ARDS, and Venn diagram was established to identify the common targets. Cytoscape 3.9.1 was used to build the "drug-active components-common targets-disease" network. The common targets were imported into STRING for the building of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network, which was then imported into Cytoscape 3.9.1 for visualization. DAVID 6.8 was used for Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment of the common targets, and then Weishe-ngxin platform was used for visualization of the enrichment results. The top 20 KEGG signaling pathways were selected and imported into Cytoscape 3.9.1 to establish the KEGG network. Finally, molecular docking and in vitro cell experiment were performed to verify the prediction results. A total of 115 active components and 217 targets of Xuebijing Injection and 360 targets of sepsis-associated ARDS were obtained, among which 63 common targets were shared by Xuebijing Injection and the disease. The core targets included interleukin-1 beta(IL-1β), IL-6, albumin(ALB), serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). A total of 453 GO terms were annotated, including 361 terms of biological processes(BP), 33 terms of cellular components(CC), and 59 terms of molecular functions(MF). The terms mainly involved cellular response to lipopolysaccharide, negative regulation of apoptotic process, lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway, positive regulation of transcription from RNA polyme-rase Ⅱ promoter, response to hypoxia, and inflammatory response. The KEGG enrichment revealed 85 pathways. After diseases and generalized pathways were eliminated, hypoxia-inducible factor-1(HIF-1), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB), Toll-like receptor, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways were screened out. Molecular docking showed that the main active components of Xuebijing Injection had good binding activity with the core targets. The in vitro experiment confirmed that Xuebijing Injection suppressed the HIF-1, TNF, NF-κB, Toll-like receptor, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways, inhibited cell apoptosis and reactive oxygen species generation, and down-regulated the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in cells. In conclusion, Xuebijing Injection can regulate apoptosis and response to inflammation and oxidative stress by acting on HIF-1, TNF, NF-κB, Toll-like receptor, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways to treat sepsis-associated ARDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Network Pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , NF-kappa B , Interleukin-6 , Lipopolysaccharides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Sepsis/genetics , NLR Proteins
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 374-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the impacts of acupuncture on depressive mood and sleep quality in patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia, and explore its effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, acupuncture and low frequency repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) were combined for the intervention. Acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 24+), Neiguan (PC 6) and Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc., the needles were retained for 30 min; and the intradermal needles were embedded at Xinshu (BL 15) and Danshu (BL 19) for 2 days. After acupuncture, the rTMS was delivered at the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (R-DLPFC), with 1 Hz and 80% of movement threshold, lasting 30 min in each treatment. In the control group, the sham-acupuncture was adopted, combined with low frequency rTMS. The acupoint selection and manipulation were the same as the observation group. In the two groups, acupuncture was given once every two days, 3 times weekly; while, rTMS was operated once daily, for consecutive 5 days a week. The duration of treatment consisted of 4 weeks. Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scores were observed before and after treatment, as well as 1 month after the treatment completion (follow-up period) separately. Besides, the levels of nerve growth factor (BDNF) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the serum were detected before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the HAMD-17 scores were lower than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and the scores in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the total scores and the scores of each factor of PSQI were reduced in the two groups in comparison with those before treatment except for the score of sleep efficiency in the control group (P<0.05); the total PSQI score and the scores for sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency and daytime dysfunction in the observation group were all lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). In the follow-up, except for the scores of sleep duration and sleep efficiency in the control group, the total PSQI score and the scores of all the other factors were reduced compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05); the total PSQI score and the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and daytime dysfunction in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum BDNF and GABA were increased in comparison with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.05), and the level of serum BDNF was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture relieves depressive mood and improves sleep quality in patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia. The effect mechanism may be related to the regulation of BDNF and GABA levels and the promotion of brain neurological function recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Depressive Disorder
15.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 310-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973689

ABSTRACT

Objective To perform a visual bibliometric analysis of hot spots as well as areas of Brucella disease research by searching brucellosis related literature. Methods A thematic search was conducted in the web of science core set database using Brucella disease or brucellosis as keywords to retrieve literature between January 1985 and December 2021. CiteSpace was used to visualize the countries, institutions, authors, and keywords in the retrieved relevant literatures. Results A total of 4 495 eligible articles studies were included, with the United States being the most populous country and the University of Sao Paulo being the most influential. Jilin University and Shihezi University in Xinjiang, China were relatively influential in this field. For the key words analysis, the top 3 of high-frequency words were infection, diagnosis, abortion, and in the 12 clusters formed, the clusters formed by #1, #4 were larger and the research hotspot continued. Keywords in the last five years including human brucellosis, immunity, zoonotic disease, were highlighted. Conclusion Study analysis suggested that human brucellosis with zoonosis was a research hotspot, more scholars focused on the infectious route and other exposure risks of cattle as intermediate hosts, epidemiological studies on brucellosis or will be new trends.

16.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 52-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973358

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the gene expression of sigma factors in vivo, and to explore the sigma factors that may be closely related to the virulence of pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis Methods Tuberculosis (TB) patients diagnosed in the outpatient department of Tianjin Tuberculosis Control Center from January to December 2018 were selected, and 20 sputum-positive specimens were randomly selected from TB patients confirmed with Xpert-positive for the present study. Two immediate sputum specimens were collected from each case of pulmonary tuberculosis before treatment, one for RNA extraction and one for in vitro culture. In vitro cultured strains in the logarithmic phase of growth were harvested for RNA extraction. The specific primers for 13 sigma factors were designed. The differential expression of the 13 sigma factors between sputum isolates and in vitro cultured strains was analyzed by fluorescence quantitative PCR. Taking ribosomal 16s as the reference gene, the transcription level of sigma factors was analyzed by 2ΔCt. Using the stably expressed sigA as the control reference, the expression differences of other sigma factors were analyzed by one-way ANOVA. Results Within 0 days, stress-associated sigma factors have a different expression profile in clinical isolate strains vs H37Rv or in vitro. All the sigma factors induced up regulation in sputum ,while no difference transcription between clinical isolate strains vs H37Rv(P>0.05). When compared to in vitro culture ,only sigM transcript highest in sputum(P<0.05). Conclusion SigM plays an important role in the initial stages of bacterial infection, but its exact role is unclear.We assumed it could have a role in the interplay between the host immune defenses and the bacterial escape mechanisms.

17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 588-594, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986824

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and feasibility of performing right colectomy via a transvaginal approach. Methods: This was a retrospeltive cohort study. Data of 30 patients who had undergone transvaginal laparoscopic right colectomy (transvaginal group) and 23 women who had undergone laparoscopic right colectomy (laparoscopic group) from January 2019 to March 2022 in the Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected retrospectively. The inclusion criteria for the transvaginal group were as follows: (1) post-menopausal woman; (2) transverse diameter of the tumor < 6 cm; and (3) diagnosis of benign polyps that were unresectable by endoscopy, mucinous tumors of the appendix, or confirmed right colon cancer not requiring D3 lymphadenectomy. The inclusion criteria for the laparoscopic group were as follows: (1) pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma or high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia; (2) lesion located from the cecum to the right third of the transverse colon; and (3) clinically stage T1-4NanyM0. The exclusion criteria for the laparoscopic group were as follows: (1) distant metastasis discovered during surgical exploration; (2) multiple organ resection required or R0 resection not possible; or (3) conversion to open surgery required. Safety was evaluated on the basis of intra- and post-operative complications. Feasibility was assessed by postoperative recovery and quality of operative specimen. The body mass index was lower in the transvaginal than the laparoscopic group (22.0±3.1 kg/m2 vs. 24.1±2.6 kg/m2, t=2.617, P=0.012). Results: Among the 30 transvaginal laparoscopic right colectomies, 26 were pure transvaginal surgeries, three required laparoscopic assistance because of difficulties with anastomosis (n=2) or abdominal adhesions (n=1), and one required conversion to laparoscopic surgery because of vascular injury. Compared with the laparoscopic group, the transvaginal group had a longer surgery time (175.0 [147.5, 216.3] minutes vs. 120.0 [100.0, 120.0] minutes, U=63.000, P<0.001) and more blood loss (30.0 [10.0, 50.0] ml vs. 23.0 [10.0, 20.0] ml, U=208.000, P=0.011). The incidence of intraoperative complications (16.7% [5/30) vs. 0, P=0.061] was comparable between the two groups. In the transvaginal group, the sites of intraoperative injuries were bladder (n=3), ileocecal artery (n=1), and right uterine artery (n=1). The incidence of postoperative complications (20.0% [6/30] vs. 17.4% [4/23], χ2<0.001,P>0.999) was also comparable between the two groups. Clavien-Dindo grade III postoperative complications occurred in two patients in the transvaginal group (one patient had a pelvic hematoma that required embolization; the other had a vesico-vaginal fistula that required surgery). Postoperative visual analogue scale scores were significantly lower (P<0.001) in the transvaginal group. Times to first flatus, ambulation, and first intake and duration of postoperative hospital stay were comparable between the two groups (P>0.05). The proportion of specimens of moderate quality was 83.3% (25/30) in the transvaginal group and 100% (23/23) in the laparoscopic group; this difference is not significant (P=0.061). Among patients who underwent D2 lymph node dissection, the number of lymph nodes examined was comparable between the transvaginal (n=23) and laparoscopic groups (n=7) (18 [15, 27] vs. 20 [16, 29], U=69.500, P=0.589). Conclusion: Transvaginal right colon surgery is associated with less postoperative pain than laparoscopic surgery, but is not yet the preferred alternative because of the incidence of surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Feasibility Studies , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Laparoscopy , Colectomy
18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1031-1036, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the effectiveness and safety of adalimumab in Crohn′s disease (CD) patients.Methods:We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 41 CD patients who received adalimumab in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University from January 2020 to August 2021. General clinical data, laboratory results, endoscopy and radiologic findings were collected, meanwhile, disease activity and safety events were evaluated at baseline and at 12, 24 and 48 weeks of administration. Adalimumab was given subcutaneously once every 2 weeks in doses of 160 mg for the first time, 80 mg for the second time, and 40 mg for each subsequent time.Results:The clinical remission rates at 12, 24, and 48 weeks of treatment were 43.9% (18/41), 60.6% (20/33), 60.9% (14/23), and the clinical response rates were 75.6% (31/41), 69.7% (23/33), and 56.5%( 13/23), respectively. The proportion of endoscopic remission at 12, 24 and 48 weeks were 4/14, 2/6, 1/4 in patients undergoing endoscopy, and 1/14 patients achieved mucosal healing at 24 weeks. Primary nonresponse rate (PNR) was 17.1% (7/41), loss of response (LOR) rate was 14.6% (6/41). The incidence of adverse reactions was 9.8%(4/41).Conclusion:Adalimumab can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and intestinal disease activities of Crohn′s disease, and deserves to be popularized clinically. Patients with disease course <2 years, first-line biologics, low baseline HBI score, and longer duration of medication may have better results.

19.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 577-583, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the factors associated with delay in anticoagulant therapy in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and its effect on outcome.Methods:Patients with CVST admitted to Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University from January 2010 to August 2021 were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were divided into early anticoagulation group and late anticoagulation group by the median time interval from first symptom to initiation of anticoagulation. The modified Rankin Scale was used for outcome assessment at 90 d after onset. 0-2 scores were defined as good outcome and 3-6 were defined as poor outcome. Demographic and clinical data were compared for the early versus late anticoagulation group and for the good versus poor outcome groups. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent influencing factors of delay in anticoagulation and the correlation of delay in anticoagulation with poor outcome. Results:A total of 131 patients were included, their age was 40.07±15.11 years old, and 68 (51.91%) were male. Of these, 65 patients (49.62%) were in the early anticoagulation group and 14 (10.69%) were in the poor outcome group. Compared with the late anticoagulation group, the early anticoagulation group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with seizures and brain parenchymal damage as well as higher D-dimer levels on admission, while the proportion of patients with visual impairment/papilloedema was significantly lower (all P<0.05). Compared with the good outcome group, the poor outcome group had significantly higher proportions of patients with seizures, dyskinesia, impaired consciousness, low Glasgow Coma Scale score, and brain parenchymal damage as well as higher D-dimer, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, sites of thrombus involvement were more common in the superior sagittal and straight sinuses, and significantly lower proportions of patients with headache and lower albumin levels on admission (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that visual impairment/papilloedema (odds ratio [ OR] 0.119, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 0.030-0.473; P=0.002) and brain parenchymal damage ( OR 1.341, 95% CI 1.042-1.727; P=0.023) were independently associated with a delay in anticoagulation treatment, and a delay in anticoagulation treatment ( OR 6.102, 95% CI 1.185-30.504; P=0.030) and D-dimer level on admission ( OR 1.299, 95% CI 1.141-1.480; P<0.001) were the independent predictors of poor outcome in patients with CVST. Conclusions:Visual impairment/papilloedema and absence of brain parenchymal damage on cranial imaging are the independent risk factors for delay in anticoagulation in patients with CVST. The delay in anticoagulation is strongly associated with the poor outcome in patients with CVST.

20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 522-530, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943029

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the short-term and long-term outcomes between transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) and laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (laTME) for mid-to-low rectal cancer and to evaluate the learning curve of taTME. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study. Firstly, consecutive patients undergoing total mesorectal excision who were registered in the prospective established database of Division of Colorectal Diseases, Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital during July 2014 to June 2020 were recruited. The enrolled patients were divided into taTME and laTME group. The demographic data, clinical characteristics, neoadjuvant treatment, intraoperative and postoperative complications, pathological results and follow-up data were extracted from the database. The primary endpoint was the incidence of anastomotic leakage and the secondary endpoints included the 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and the 3-year local recurrence rate. Independent t-test for comparison between groups of normally distributed measures; skewed measures were expressed as M (range). Categorical variables were expressed as examples (%) and the χ(2) or Fisher exact probability was used for comparison between groups. When comparing the incidence of anastomotic leakage, 5 variables including sex, BMI, clinical stage evaluated by MRI, distance from tumor to anal margin evaluated by MRI, and whether receiving neoadjuvant treatment were balanced by propensity score matching (PSM) to adjust confounders. Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test were used to compare the DFS of two groups. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze and determine the independent risk factors affecting the DFS of patients with mid-low rectal cancer. Secondly, the data of consecutive patients undergoing taTME performed by the same surgical team (the trananal procedures were performed by the same main surgeon) from February 2017 to March 2021 were separately extracted and analyzed. The multidimensional cumulative sum (CUSUM) control chart was used to draw the learning curve of taTME. The outcomes of 'mature' taTME cases through learning curve were compared with laTME cases and the independent risk factors of DFS of 'mature' cases were also analyzed. Results: Two hundred and forty-three patients were eventually enrolled, including 182 undergoing laTME and 61 undergoing taTME. After PSM, both fifty-two patients were in laTME group and taTME group respectively, and patients of these two groups had comparable characteristics in sex, age, BMI, clinical tumor stage, distance from tumor to anal margin by MRI, mesorectal fasciae (MRF) and extramural vascular invasion (EMVI) by MRI and proportion of receiving neoadjuvant treatment. After PSM, as compared to laTME group, taTME group showed significantly longer operation time [(198.4±58.3) min vs. (147.9±47.3) min, t=-4.321, P<0.001], higher ratio of blood loss >100 ml during surgery [17.3% (9/52) vs. 0, P=0.003], higher incidence of anastomotic leakage [26.9% (14/52) vs. 3.8% (2/52), χ(2)=10.636, P=0.001] and higher morbidity of overall postoperative complications [55.8%(29/52) vs. 19.2% (10/52), χ(2)=14.810, P<0.001]. Total harvested lymph nodes and circumferential resection margin involvement were comparable between two groups (both P>0.05). The median follow-up for the whole group was 24 (1 to 72) months, with 4 cases lost, giving a follow-up rate of 98.4% (239/243). The laTME group had significantly better 3-year DFS than taTME group (83.9% vs. 73.0%, P=0.019), while the 3-year local recurrence rate was similar in two groups (1.7% vs. 3.6%, P=0.420). Multivariate analysis showed that and taTME surgery (HR=3.202, 95%CI: 1.592-6.441, P=0.001) the postoperative pathological staging of UICC stage II (HR=13.862, 95%CI:1.810-106.150, P=0.011), stage III (HR=8.705, 95%CI: 1.104-68.670, P=0.040) were independent risk factors for 3-year DFS. Analysis of taTME learning curve revealed that surgeons would cross over the learning stage after performing 28 cases. To compare the two groups excluding the cases within the learning stage, there was no significant difference between two groups after PSM no matter in the incidence of anastomotic leakage [taTME: 6.7%(1/15); laTME: 5.3% (2/38), P=1.000] or overall complications [taTME: 33.3%(5/15), laTME: 26.3%(10/38), P=0.737]. The taTME was still an independent risk factor of 3-year DFS only analyzing patients crossing over the learning stage (HR=5.351, 95%CI:1.666-17.192, P=0.005), and whether crossing over the learning stage was not the independent risk factor of 3-year DFS for mid-low rectal cancer patients undergoing taTME (HR=0.954, 95%CI:0.227-4.017, P=0.949). Conclusions: Compared with conventional laTME, taTME may increase the risk of anastomotic leakage and compromise the oncological outcomes. Performing taTME within the learning stage may significantly increase the risk of postoperative anastomotic leakage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Rectum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Treatment Outcome
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