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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883980

ABSTRACT

Cognitive impairment includes several clinical processes from mild cognitive impairment to dementia, and now it has been a serious public health problem, as there is no effective treatment, it has caused a heavy economic and psychological burden on the family and society, therefore, it seems important to find effective intervention means.Vitamin D is an essential nutrient element for the human body, more and more evidences show that it also participates in many extraskeletal biological reactions, such as nervous system regulatory processes, in addition to calcium and phosphorus metabolism.Several researches have revealed that Vitamin D deficiency is associated with impaired cognition, the mechanisms mediating this link are poorly understood, what's more, for further clinical application, we need to solve the problems like choosing the suitable populations and drug dosage, therefore, this article summarizes and analyzes the effects of serum Vitamin D levels on the cognitive function of different populations, the research progress of Vitamin D intervention research and its possible mechanism of action, hoping to provide references for the clinical application of Vitamin D in the treatment of cognitive impairment.The results show that Vitamin D deficiency is related to the decline of cognitive function in different populations, and Vitamin D can improve cognitive function through reducing Aβ toxicity, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress and other mechanisms, its supplementation is expected to be an important measure of treating cognitive impairment, in the future, large-scale longitudinal cohort studies are needed to determine the optimal dosage and duration of treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between somatization symptoms and body mass index (BMI), sleep and cognitive function in patients with depression.Methods:A total of 119 patients with depression were selected from January to December in 2019.According to the score of patient health questionnaire-15(PHQ15), they were divided into mild somatization group ( n=75) and moderate severe somatization group ( n=44). Hamilton depression scale-24(HAMD-24), patient health questionnaire-15, Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) and Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA) were used to evaluate all subjects.SPSS 23.0 software was used for data analysis.Independent sample t-test was used to compare BMI, sleep and cognitive function scores between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between somatization symptoms and sleep quality and cognitive function. Results:There were significant differences in BMI((21.70±3.09)kg/m 2, (23.31±3.51)kg/m 2), PSQI((12.56±4.37), (14.37±3.72)), sleep quality(1.87±0.86), (2.21±0.80)), sleep disorder ((1.24±0.59), (1.65±0.53))and daytime dysfunction((2.45±0.81), (2.77±0.48)) between the two groups ( t=-3.783--2.133, all P<0.05), but no difference was found in cognition ( P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that after controlling HAMD, PHQ-15 was positively correlated with PSQI, sleep quality, sleep disorder, daytime dysfunction and language score in MoCA ( r=0.205-0.298, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The severity of somatization in patients with depression is related to BMI, sleep quality, sleep disorder, daytime dysfunction and language function, suggesting that they may play an important role in the pathogenesis of depression with somatization.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878962

ABSTRACT

This study is to provide the basis of establishing a quality evaluation system, based on the differences in appearance and internal components of Astragali Radix from different sources. The diameter of 18 batches of Astragali Radix, the content of alcohol(water) extract and 7 kinds of flavonoids were determined. The peak area ratio of flavonoid aglycon to aglycone was calculated. PCA and CA were carried out by synthesizing various indexes. The results of PCA and CA showed that Astragali Radix was obviously clustered into three types. Alcohol extract, formononetin/formosan glycosides,(pilose isoflavones+astragalus flavonoid A)/pilose isoflavone glucoside are the most significant differences in the variable importance projection index(VIP) of Astragali Radix. Combining the diameter, alcohol(water) extract, flavonoid aglycon to aglycone peak area ratio can provide an analysis method for the establishment of the grade evaluation system of Astragali Radix.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glucosides , Glycosides , Plant Roots
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect and mechanism of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory injury of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLFs).@*METHODS@#hPDLFs were inoculated into well plates and randomly divided into the normal group, LPS group, and LPS+LLLI group. The cells in the normal group were cultured in conventional medium. The hPDLFs in the LPS and LPS+LLLI groups were cultured in RPMI1640 medium containing 1 mg·L@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, the LPS group showed increased apoptosis rate of hPDLFs and intracellular free Ca@*CONCLUSIONS@#LLLI has a protective effect on the inflammatory injury of hPDLFs induced by LPS, and the effect is most obvious when the irradiation intensity is 4 J·cm


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Lasers , Lipopolysaccharides , Periodontal Ligament , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877672

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of moxibustion of the representative successors of each acupuncture and moxibustion school were analyzed, and the application and inheritance of moxibustion in


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Prunus domestica , Schools
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876859

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the content differences of Dihydromyricetin in Ampelopsis grossedentata from different origins, parts and processing techniques, and improve the therapeutic effects by optimizing the compatibility of Ampelopsis grossedentata with Fructus arctiine. Methods The HPLC separation of Dihydromyricetin was performed on an Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18 column with methanol, 0.05 % phosphoric acid (30∶70) as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 1 ml/min, the detection wavelength was 291 nm, and the column temperature was 25 °C. Compatibility efficacy verification was performed with the inflammation model caused by cotton ball implantation in rats and ear swelling in mice. The net granulomatosis in the rats with cotton ball implantation and the swelling rate of mouse ears were recorded. Results Dihydromyricetin had a good liner recovery between 0.019 9-0.318 mg/ml (r=0.999). The extracted recovery was in the range of 95.04 %-100.4 %. The sample was stable within 24 h. This method had good repeatability. The combination of optimized high-dose Ampelopsis grossedentata with Fructus arctiine resulted in significantly lower net granuloma in rats and ear swelling rate in mice compared to the blank control group. Conclusion This method is simple and accurate. The content of dihydromyricetin varies greatly with different origins, parts, and processing techniques. Among them, the natural sun-dried vine tea in Jiangkou County, Guizhou Province has the highest content. The combination use of Ampelopsis grossedentata and Fructus Arctiine can significantly alleviate the pharyngeal symptoms, reduce the degree of inflammation, and achieve the therapeutic effect of clearing pharynx.

7.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jan; 15(6): 1541-1546
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213568

ABSTRACT

Aim of the Study: The role of direct-acting oral anticoagulants in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients compared with the current standard of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatment remains unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of direct factor Xa inhibitors compared with those of LMWH in the treatment of cancer-associated VTE. Materials and Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Web of Science for potential randomized controlled clinical trials and retrospective cohort studies. Data on recurrent VTE (efficacy) and major and minor bleeding events (safety) were extracted, and the odds risks (OR) were analyzed using a random-effect model. Results: A total of nine studies involving 4208 cancer patients with VTE were included in these analyses. Pooled analysis showed that direct factor Xa inhibitors were significantly superior to LMWH in reducing the risk of recurrent VTE (OR = 0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–0.82). There was no significant difference in the rate of major bleeding between the direct factor Xa inhibitor and LMWH treatments (OR = 1.25; 95% CI: 0.94–1.65). However, the rate of minor bleeding events was higher when a direct factor Xa inhibitor was used instead of LMWH (OR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.05–3.07). Conclusions: Direct factor Xa inhibitors are superior to LMWH in efficacy in the treatment of VTE in cancer patients, and the safety between the two regimens is comparable except for a slightly higher rate of minor bleeding when the former is used

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864768

ABSTRACT

Objective:On the basis of introducing and piloting long-term care insurance services and providing home care for older adults with disabilities in Suzhou, this paper aims to explore the working experience of home caregivers in the caring environment, understand their difficulties and issues, explore their true feelings and the relevant causes, and to draw lessons from their experience, providing constructive suggestions for the establishment of caregivers as well as policy recommendations for the government.Methods:The qualitative research method was used to collect the field experience data of 9 home caregivers in the caring environemnt through observation and semi-structured interview. Colaizzi phenomenological analysis was used to process and analyze the data.Result:1. Heavy workload and lack of incentive mechanism; 2. Care experience is diverse, with a sense of achievement and happiness, but lack of family′s trust and identification; 3. Professional trainings and peer support are needed.Conclusion:1. Improving the working environment of caregivers and reducing the burden of care; 2.Improve the employment treatment of home care workers, and actively improve the relevant incentive mechanism;3. Paying attention to the emotional experience of caregivers and helping them adapt to their role; 4.Standardize professional knowledge and skills training, provide risk assessment tools, and improve the quality of care.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864241

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma(asthma) is a serious global health problem affecting all age groups, especially among children.To achieve and maintain good control of the symptoms is one of the goals of asthma management in young children, but there is no objective, effective and simple methods for the assessment of the level of asthma control in children, which poses some challenges to the unified management of asthma.Here is an overview of measures to assess symptom control and the roles of bronchodilation test in the evaluation, in order to improve clinicians′ understan-ding and application of bronchodilation test.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1383-1386, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877541

ABSTRACT

The application progress of machine learning in research of acupuncture and moxibustion was reviewed from three aspects: mining of acupuncture and moxibustion prescription and indications, acupuncture efficacy prediction and its influencing factors, acupoint specificity and acupuncture manipulation research, and the existing problems in current research and future research trends were discussed. It is believed that the appropriate machine learning algorithm should be selected to build the model according to the research purpose and data characteristics in the future research; attention should be paid to feature design, feature selection and feature cleaning; sample data collection should be a priority, and data sharing platform and standardized data collection should be developed to improve the data quality.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Machine Learning , Moxibustion
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873316

ABSTRACT

Objective::To discuss the efficacy of compound Huangteng mixture for acute radiation enteritis (ARE) and to investigate its regulatory effect on serum inflammatory factors. Method::One hundred and forty patients were randomly divided into control group (70 cases) and observation group (70 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got precise radiotherapy. And take montmorillorillonite powder orally based on the treatment in control group, patients in observation group additionally received compound Huangteng mixture, 1 dose/day. The treatment was continued to the second week after the ending of radiotherapy in both groups. Time of appearance of ARE (1 and 2 levels), irradiation dose and incidence of severe ARE (3 and 4 levels) were recorded. Endoscope examination was conducted at the second week after the ending of radiotherapy. ARE symptom scores and KPS scores of quality of life were graded. Levels of serum interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were detected both before and after treatment. Result::Time of appearance of ARE (1 and 2 levels) in observation group was shorter than those in control group (P<0.01), and irradiation dose was more than that in control group (P<0.01). At the fourth and fifth week of radiotherapy and at the second week after the ending of radiotherapy, incidence rate of ARE (levels 2 and above) was 42.86%(30/70), 50.00%(35/70) and 54.29%(38/70), all lower than 61.43%(43/70), 68.57%(48/70) and 74.29%(52/70) in control group (χ2=4.837, P<0.05, χ2=5.001, P<0.05, χ2=6.097, P<0.05). After radiotherapy, incidence of ARE was 62.86%(44/70) in observation group, lower than 78.57%(55/70) in control group (χ2=4.173, P<0.05), and the incidence of severeARE was 13.64%(6/44) in observation group, lower than 32.73%(18/55) in control group (χ2=4.851, P<0.05). Scores of endoscope and ARE symptoms in observation group were lower than those in control group, while score of KPS was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). After radiotherapy, levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α and CRP in observation group were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), while level of IL-4 was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Compound Huangteng mixture combined with radiotherapy can reduce the incidence of ARE, postpone the occurrence of ARE, relieve the severity of ARE, regulate the expression of inflammatory factors, alleviate clinical symptoms, and improve the quality of life in patients withradiotherapy, thus it is conducive to the sequential development of radiotherapy.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 266-270, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) in detecting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in peripheral blood circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:Peripheral blood samples of 63 patients with NSCLC who were treated in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from August 2018 to March 2019 were collected, and EGFR sensitive mutations in peripheral blood of patients were detected by ddPCR, and the results were compared with the results of amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). Kappa test was used to analyze the consistency of the two methods.Results:The EGFR sensitive mutations were found in 31 cases (49.2%) by ddPCR in peripheral blood of 63 patients with NSCLC. Among them, 1 case (1.6%) had G719X, 12 cases (19.0%) had E19-Del, 11 cases had T790M (17.5%), 7 cases (11.1%) had L858R. Seven cases (22.6%) of the patients had double mutations. In comparison, the above 4 mutations were found in 26 cases (41.3%) by the ARMS-PCR method, with 0 case, 12 cases (19.0%), 6 cases (9.5%), and 8 cases (12.7%), respectively, including 5 cases (19.2%) with double mutations. L858R in one case was positive when detected by ARMS-PCR, while it was negative when detected by ddPCR. The consistency rate of the two methods was 90.3% (κ = 0.8, P < 0.05). The median abundance of EGFR mutations in peripheral blood ctDNA of 31 cases was 1.7% (range 0.04%-23.60%). The median abundance of E19-Del was 2.50% (0.35%-22.70%), that of T790M was 0.6% (0.04%-14.00%), and that of L858R was 2.3% (0.20%-23.60%). Ten cases with the abundance of EGFR mutations < 1% when detected by ddPCR, accounting for 32.6% (10/31) of total patients with mutations, but only 5 cases of them were detected by ARMS-PCR. The detection rate of T790M by ddPCR in patients who had received tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and had acquired drug resistance was 57.9% (11/19), while it was 0 in patients without TKI treatment. Among patients with T790M mutation, 1 case had a mutation abundance < 0.1%, 7 cases had a mutation abundance of 0.1%-2.0%, 3 cases had a mutation abundance > 2.0%.Conclusions:The ddPCR provides a non-invasive, highly sensitive and absolutely quantitative method for detecting EGFR mutations in peripheral blood ctDNA of NSCLC patients. It provides a new detection method for EGFR-TKI targeted therapy in NSCLC patients with difficult sampling or with acquired drug resistance who need to repeatedly sample. The approach provides an important basis for the individualized targeted therapy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818121

ABSTRACT

Objective Prone position ventilation is one of the most important Methods for the treatment of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Currently, there are fewer researches on prone position ventilation for ARDS caused by acute paraquat poisoning. This article aims to evaluate the value of prone position ventilation in the treatment of moderate and severe ARDS caused by acute paraquat poisoning.Methods Retrospective analysis the clinical data of 43 patients with acute paraquat poisoning complicated with moderate-to-severe ARDS from January 2016 to December 2017 in the Department of Emergency Medicine, Eastern Theater of the Eastern Theater. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they were in prone position ventilation: experimental group (prone position ventilation, n=13)and control group(no prone position ventilation, n=30). The gender, age, APACHEII score and plasma paraquat concentration of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The oxygenation index, respiratory rate, carbon dioxide partial pressure and mean arterial pressure were compared between the two groups during the first five days after hospitalization. At the same time, the hospital mortality, hospitalization time, mechanical ventilation time were also compared.Results Compared with control group, the oxygenation index (176±13) and carbon dioxide partial pressure \[(33.6±4.3) mmHg\] in the experimental group were significantly increased from the 2nd day to 5th day after hospitalization(P0.05).Conclusion Prone position ventilation is safe for patients with moderate to severe ARDS caused by acute paraquat poisoning, which improves oxygenation in these patients but fails to improve prognosis. It provides a theoretical basis for prone position ventilation in the treatment of acute paraquat poisoning complicated with ARDS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To offer some important insights into clinical decision-making by evaluating endorectal ultrasound and rectal MRI when they were used to predict pathological complete response for rectal cancer patients who were performed neoadjuvant therapy. METHODS: The study was a prospective cohort study which was conducted at a single tertiary care center. Patients diagnosed with mid-low rectal cancer between May 2014 and June 2018 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected in the study. Both of their endorectal ultrasound and rectal MRI were performed to evaluate the tumor stage before their preoperative chemoradiation and were reevaluated at the 6 to 7 th weeks after their preoperative radiation treatment. The pathological preoperative tumor staging achieved by endorectal ultrasound and rectal MRI was compared with postoperative staging by pathologic examination. Sensitivity,specificity,accuracy and Youden index of each evaluation method and their combination were calculated. The ROC curve was administered likewise. RESULTS: A total of 247 patients were enrolled in the study. The sensitivity,specificity,accuracy,positive predictive value,negative predictive value and Youden index for ypT0 N0 separate evaluation of for whom was qualified as compete endorectal ultrasound(163 patients) and of rectal MRI(212 patients) was15.9% and 23.1%,94.0% and 94.9%,77.8% and 83.4%,0.1 and 0.2. Combined two methods,the data were recorded as 13.6%,98.1%,83.6% and 0.1.Area under curve ROC for ultrasound and MRI when using specifically for ypT0 N0 measurement was 0.656 and 0.742.The two modalities showed 0.517 and 0.667 in terms of AUC when comparing with each other. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity of MRI and ERUS as terms of diagnosing complete response is rather unsatisfactory,although they all bear a relatively good specificity. For the patients not diagnosed with clinical response by one of the two methods,radical operations were strongly recommended. For the patients confirmed as complete response by both modalities,there still exists possibilities that residual tumor persists,“watch and wait”approach can be taken cautiously and the patient must be followed up intensely.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774510

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the protective effect of ginsenoside Rg_1 on endotoxin(LPS)-induced apoptosis of lung epithelial cells and its mechanism of action. Mouse lung epithelial cells(MLE-12) were first treated with LPS. The autophagy changes and apoptosis and the relationship with concentration and time of LPS were observed. Then,the level of autophagy in MLE-12 was regulated at a specific concentration and action time of LPS,and the changes of apoptosis were observed. Secondly,ginsenoside Rg_1 and autophagy inhibitor 3-MA were added respectively at the same concentration and action time of LPS. The lung epithelial cells were grouped to observe the effect of ginsenoside Rg_1 on LPS-induced apoptosis of lung epithelial cells and its mechanism. In the animal experiment,the mice were grouped and tested by apoptosis protein,lung injury score and HE staining section to verify whether ginsenoside Rg_1 has a protective effect on LPS-induced lung injury. The results showed that apoptosis and autophagy increased as the rise of concentration after treatment with LPS for 12 h. The apoptosis increased gradually,and the autophagy increased first and then decreased over time at the LPS concentration of 25 g·L-1. The apoptosis of LPS group was higher than that of control group,and LPS+3-MA group increased further,while apoptosis decreased significantly in LPS+RAM(rapamycin,autophagy promoter) group. The autophagy increased in LPS group,decreased in LPS+3-MA group and increased in LPS+RAM group. The apoptosis of LPS group was higher than that of control group,and the apoptosis of LPS+Rg_1 group decreased. The apoptosis of LPS+Rg_1+3-MA group increased again. The autophagy of LPS group further increased after administration of ginsenoside Rg_1,but decreased after administration of 3-MA. In the in vivo experiments in mice,the apoptosis of LPS group increased significantly compared with the control group,while LPS + ginsenoside Rg_1 group decreased. Lung injury score and HE staining also conformed to the above trend. LPS can induce the apoptosis of lung epithelial cells in a time-dependent and concentration-dependent manner. The autophagy of lung epithelial cells increases with the rise of LPS concentration. At the specific concentration of LPS,autophagy increases first and then decreases after 12-16 hours. Proper increase of autophagy in lung epithelial cells within a certain period of time can reduce the apoptosis induced by LPS,while inhibition of autophagy can increase apoptosis. Ginsenoside Rg_1 has a protective effect on lung cancer epithelial cell apoptosis induced by autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung , Cell Biology , Mice
16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 868-872, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800941

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To forecast the risk distribution of inter-animal plague in Meriones unguiculatus effectively and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of inter-animal plague, through studying the correlation between meteorological and environmental factors and inter-animal plague in Meriones unguiculatus.@*Methods@#Positive data of plague bacterial culture in 30 epidemic source areas of Meriones unguiculatus in the Inner Mongolia plateau from 2005 to 2018, including detecting time, number of bacteria, latitude and longitude or detailed location, host type, were from the Chinese Disease Prevention and Control System Plague Prevention Management Information System and related professional institutions for plague prevention and treatment. Logistic regression was used to explore the relationship between the inter-animal plague and climate-related risk factors. The Maximum Entropy (Maxent) model was used to predict the habitat distributions of inter-animal plague, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to validate the model.@*Results@#There were 11 climatic factors including annual mean temperature, isothermality, temperature seasonality, mean temperature of driest quarter, mean temperature of warmest quarter, mean temperature of coldest quarter, annual precipitation, precipitation seasonality, globcover, normalized difference vegetation index and slope, were related to the outbreak of plague among Meriones unguiculatus and included in the model (OR = 1.302, 0.455, 0.957, 0.930, 4.864, 0.179, 0.986, 1.126, 0.992, 0.981, 0.721, P < 0.01). The increase of annual mean temperature, mean temperature of warmest quarter and precipitation seasonality will increase the risk of animal plague in the plague foci of Meriones unguiculatus; the increase of isothermality, temperature seasonality, mean temperature of driest quarter, mean temperature of coldest quarter, annual precipitation, globcover, normalized difference vegetation index, and slope will reduce the risk of animal plague in the plague foci of Meriones unguiculatus. The areas under the curve (AUCs) of the Maxent model training data and test data were 0.988 and 0.985, the prediction effect of the model was better. The habitat distribution of Meriones unguiculatus plague mainly concentrated in the central and northern Ulanqab plateau, Ordos plateau, and eastern Hetao plain.@*Conclusions@#The use of Maxent model and climate data can predict the potential risks and spatial distribution of animal plague in Meriones unguiculatus; the results are accurate and reliable.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799834

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the molecular epidemiology of norovirus (NoV) genotype GⅡ.15 in Qingdao City.@*Methods@#One thousand four hundred and twelve stool samples were collected from suspected NoV infected patients and detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Open reading frame (ORF)1-ORF2 and VP1 gene were amplified by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and sequenced for genotyping, evolutionary analysis and homology modeling.@*Results@#Seven cases of GⅡ.15 type were detected including four sporadic cases and one outbreak.The VP1 gene was highly homologous and had little variation compared with early strain J23/US/1999. The differences of amino acids between strains in Qingdao City were mainly asparagine/asparticacid(N/D)300 and proline/serine(P/S)302.Homology modeling suggested that VP1 of GⅡ.15 strain was composed of S domain and P domain (P1 subdomain included 224-276 and 431-555, P2 subdomain included 277-430). S domain contained eight anti-parallel β-sandwiches and two α-helixes, and P1 subdomain contained one α-helix and seven β-strands, and the P2 subdomain folded into a compact barrel-like structure consisting of six β-strands.Argnine (R)-glycine (G)-valine (V)-motif (289-291) and three specific loci including glutarnine (Q)313, asparagine (N)349 and Q389 were located in the P2 subdomain, with NGR-motif (265-267) located at 22nd upstream of RGV-motif.Site I (SNR-alanine(A)- histidine(H)357-361), Site Ⅱ (D388) and Site Ⅲ (G454, G455) were the main characteristic sites of histo-blood group antigens (HBGA) binding interface, which may be similar to the binding pattern of GⅡ.4 type VA387 and HBGA.@*Conclusion@#Although GⅡ.15 type NoV evolves very slowly, it may still have the risk to become an epidemic strain, which needs to be monitored and further studied.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779398

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of respiratory viruses in influenza-like illness in children during March 2017 to March 2018 in Qingdao. Methods A random selection of influenza surveillance cases (influenza-like illness, ILI) among children in Qingdao area was selected as the research object, and 359 cases were detected. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected for multiple-fluorescence real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction nucleic acid detection to screen 9 kinds of respiratory viruses. Results Among the 359 Cases, 200 cases were positive for at least 1 kinds of viruses, and the positive rate was 55.71%(200/359). Among these 200 cases, the most positive numbers were influenza B Yamagata (IVB Yamagata) 29.50%(59/200), followed by enterovirus 15.00%(30/200), respiratory adenovirus (AdV) 13.50%(27/200), respiratory syncytial virus A (RSVA) 12.5%(25/200), influenza A H1N1(IVA H1N1) 10.00%(20/200), etc. 2 cases were 3 kinds of mixed viruses infected and 1 case was 4 kinds of mixed viruses infected. Conclusions Nine kinds of respiratory viruses are prevalent in Qingdao during March 2017 -March 2018. The main prevalence viruses contain influenza B Yamagata, enterovirus, respiratory adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus A, influenza A H1N1. There is obvious seasonal distribution of influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, enterovirus, metapneumovirus. A mixed infection exists between 9 kinds of respiratory viruses, and mixed infection occurs in the month of the virus epidemic.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 568-572, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare clinical characteristics and prognosis between patients with primary (PTL) and secondary thyroid lymphoma (STL) .@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 46 patients with thyroid lymphoma (PTL 19, STL 27) from January 2002 to October 2018.@*Results@#①PTL group included 4 males and 15 females, with a median age of 57 years. The STL group included 10 males and 17 females, with a median age of 61 years. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the main pathological subtype in both PTL and STL groups, with 14 cases (73.7%) and 20 cases (74.1%) respectively. In terms of clinical manifestations, goiter was the most common symptom in PTL patients 100.0% (19/19) , while 29.6% (8/27) STL had goiter (P<0.001) . The incidences of increased thyroglobulin antibody (TRAb) /thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO) were 81.3% (13/16) in PTL group and 43.8% (7/16) in STL group (P=0.028) respectively. Concerning the clinical features of patients, only two PTL patients (10.5%) with advanced Ann Arbor stage (Ⅲ/Ⅳ) , while 21 (77.8%) STL experienced advanced Ann Arbor stage (P<0.001) . Elevated serum β2-MG were appeared in 1 (7.1%) PTL and 9 (47.4%) STL patients (P=0.013) , and advanced IPI score (3-5) was more common in STL than PTL (59.3% vs 5.3%, P<0.001) . ②Among the 17 PTL patients who received treatments, 15 (88.2%) achieved remission; as for STL patients received treatments, 23/25 (92.0%) were in remission. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of PTL (n=17) and STL groups (n=25) were (87.4±8.4) % and (70.0±13.1) % (P=0.433) respectively. ③The 5-year OS rate in 41 patients with B-cell thyroid lymphoma was (81.1±7.5) %. Univariate analysis showed that IPI score of 3-5 (P=0.040) and high level of serum IL-8 (P=0.022) were significantly associated with poor outcome.@*Conclusion@#DLBCL was the most common subtype in both PTL and STL, and goiter was the major symptom in PTL. IPI score of 3-5 and high level of serum IL-8 were unfavorable prognostic factors for patients with B-cell thyroid lymphoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824372

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the molecular epidemiology of norovirus (NoV) genotype G Ⅱ.15 in Qingdao City.Methods One thousand four hundred and twelve stool samples were collected from suspected NoV infected patients and detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Open reading frame (ORF) I-ORF2 and VP1 gene were amplified by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and sequenced for genotyping,evolutionary analysis and homology modeling.Results Seven cases of GⅡ.15 type were detected including four sporadic cases and one outbreak.The VP1 gene was highly homologous and had little variation compared with early strain J23/US/1999.The differences of amino acids between strains in Qingdao City were mainly asparagine/asparticacid(N/D) 300 and proline/serine (P/S) 302.Homology modeling suggested that VP1 of GⅡ.15 strain was composed of S domain and P domain (P1 subdomain included 224-276 and 431-555,P2 subdomain included 277-430).S domain contained eight anti-parallel β3-sandwiches and two α-helixes,and P1 subdomain contained one α-helix and seven β3-strands,and the P2 subdomain folded into a compact barrel-like structure consisting of six β-strands.Argnine (R)-glycine (G)-valine (V)-motif (289-291) and three specific loci including glutarnine (Q)313,asparagine (N)349 and Q389 were located in the P2 subdomain,with N GR-motif (265-267) located at 22nd upstream of RGV-motif.Site Ⅰ (SNR-alanine (A)-histidine (H)357-361),Site Ⅱ (D388) and Site IⅢ (G454,G455) were the main characteristic sites of histo-blood group antigens (HBGA) binding interface,which may be similar to the binding pattern of G Ⅱ.4 type VA387 and HBGA.Conclusion Although G Ⅱ.15 type NoV evolves very slowly,it may still have the risk to become an epidemic strain,which needs to be monitored and further studied.

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