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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 485-490, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of sarcopenia in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3-4.Methods:It was a single-center, retrospective observational study. CKD stage 3-4 patients aged ≥60 years old from March 2019 to March 2022 in the Geriatrics Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled in the study. General data of the patients were collected, and laboratory indicators, muscle strength, physical function and appendicular muscle mass index (ASMI) were measured. According to the diagnostic criteria of sarcopenia, the patients were divided into no sarcopenia CKD group and sarcopenia CKD group. Baseline data between these two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors of sarcopenia in elderly CKD stage 3-4 patients.Results:A total of 162 CKD stage 3-4 patients were enrolled in this study, with 89 males (54.9%) and a median age of 75 (69, 82) years. Sarcopenia was diagnosed in 40 cases, and the prevalence was 24.7% (95% CI 18.1%-31.3%). Compared with no sarcopenia CKD group, age, proportion of dementia, cystatin C, urea nitrogen, C-reactive protein (CRP) and ratio of urine protein to creatinine were higher (all P<0.05), while body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin, carbon dioxide combining power, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum albumin and the proportion of regular exercise and using α-ketones were lower in sarcopenia CKD group (all P<0.05). Meanwhile, grip strength, walking speed, short physical performance battery score and ASMI were lower in sarcopenia CKD group (all P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis results showed that low eGFR ( OR=0.824, 95% CI 0.687-0.987, P=0.036), low BMI ( OR=0.463, 95% CI 0.304-0.704, P<0.001), low serum albumin ( OR=0.459, 95% CI 0.263-0.802, P=0.006) and high CRP ( OR=2.754, 95% CI 1.708-4.439, P<0.001) were the independent related factors of sarcopenia in elderly CKD patients. Conclusions:The prevalence of sarcopenia in elderly CKD stage 3-4 patients is high. Low eGFR, low BMI, low serum albumin and high CRP are the independent risk factors for sarcopenia in elderly CKD stage 3-4 patients.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 299-304, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960955

ABSTRACT

AIM: To establish an intelligent diagnostic model of keratoconus for small-diameter corneas by data mining and analysis of patients' clinical data.METHODS: Diagnostic study. A total of 830 patients(830 eyes)were collected, including 338 male(338 eyes)and 492 female(492 eyes), with an average age of 14-36(23.19±5.71)years. Among them, 731 patients(731 eyes)had undergone corneal refractive surgery at Chongqing Nanping Aier Eye Hospital from January 2020 to March 2022, and 99 patients had a diagnosed keratoconus from January 2015 to March 2022. Corneal diameter ≤11.1 mm was measured by Pentacam in all patients. Two cornea specialists classified patients' data into normal corneas, suspect keratoconus, and keratoconus groups based on the Belin/Ambrósio enhanced ectasia display(BAD)system in Pentacam. The data of 665 patients were randomly selected as the training set and the other 165 patients as the validation set by computer random sampling method. Seven parametric corneal features were extracted by convolutional neural networks(CNN), and the models were built by Residual Network(ResNet), Vision Transformer(ViT), and CNN+Transformer, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of models was verified by cross-entropy loss and cross-validation method. In addition, sensitivity and specificity were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve.RESULTS: The accuracy of ResNet, ViT, and CNN+Transfermer for the diagnosis of normal cornea and suspect keratoconus was 85.57%, 86.11%, and 86.54% respectively, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(AUC)was 0.823, 0.830 and 0.842 respectively. The accuracy of models for the diagnosis of suspect keratoconus and keratoconus was 97.22%, 95.83%, and 98.61%, respectively, and the AUC was 0.951, 0.939, and 0.988 respectively.CONCLUSION: For corneas ≤11.1 mm in diameter, the data model established by CNN+Transformer has a high accuracy rate for classifying keratoconus, which provides real and effective guidance for early screening.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 762-765, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of moxibustion combined with coptis chinensis ointment sealing on plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity.@*METHODS@#A total of 52 patients of plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity were randomized into an observation group (26 cases) and a control group (26 cases, 2 cases dropped off). Coptis chinensis ointment sealing was adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, moxibustion was applied at ashi point (area of local target lesions), Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40), Quchi (LI 11), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37) in the observation group. The treatment was given 30 min each time, once a day for 4 weeks in both groups. The psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score, obesity related indexes (body mass, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]), triglyceride, cholesterol, uric acid and plasma glucose were compared before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the PASI scores were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01), and the PASI score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05); the body mass, waist circumference, BMI, triglyceride, cholesterol, uric acid and plasma glucose were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the triglyceride and cholesterol in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 53.8% (14/26) in the observation group, which was superior to 20.8% (5/24) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion combined with coptis chinensis ointment sealing can effectively improve the clinical symptoms in patients of plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Blood Glucose , Ointments , Uric Acid , Psoriasis/therapy , Triglycerides , Obesity/therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 112-117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970721

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of oxidative stress caused by heat exposure on the blood pressure increase of treadmill rats and the intervention of antioxidants. Methods: In June 2021, Twenty-four healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal temperature feeding, normal temperature treadmill, high temperature treadmill and high temperature treadmill supplementation with vitamin C groups, 6 rats in each group. The rats run on the platform in normal temperature or heat exposure environment for 30 min in the morning and in the afternoon daily, 6 days per week. The daily vitamin C supplement dose of high temperature treadmill supplementation with vitamin C group was 10 mg/kg. BP recordings were done at the end of the week. The rat vascular lipofuscin (LF) was detected by ELISA, the rat serum nitric oxide (NO) was detected by nitrate reductase method, the serum malondialdehyde (MDA) was detected by thibabituric acid method, the serum glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by chemiluminescence method, and the serum catalase (CAT) was detected by ammonium molybdate method. The total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) of serum was measured by iron reduction/antioxidant capacity method, and the content of nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in vascular tissue was measured by Western blot. The intra-group mean was compared by repeated measurement analysis of variance, and the inter-group mean was compared by single-factor analysis of variance and post-event LSD-t test. Results: Compared with the previous time point, the systolic BP and diastolic BP of the high temperature treadmill group were significantly increased at 7, 14 and 21 d, and decreased at 28 d which were higher than the initial level (P<0.05), and the systolic BP and diastolic BP values at each experimental time point were significantly higher than those of normal temperature treadmill group (P<0.001). The changes of thickening of the artery wall, no smoothing of the endodermis and irregular arrangement of muscle cells in high temperature treadmill group were observed. Compared with the normal temperature treadmill group, the content of MDA in serum, and LF in vascular tissue were significantly increased, the activities of SOD, CAT, T-AOC, the content of NO in serum, and the expression of Nrf2 in vascular tissue were significantly decreased in high temperature treadmill group (P<0.05). Compared with the high temperature treadmill group, the systolic BP and diastolic BP values at 7, 14, 21 and 28 d, the content of serum MDA and LF in vascular tissue were significantly decreased, the activities of CAT and T-AOC, and the expression of Nrf2 in vascular tissue significantly increased (P<0.05), the histopathological changes of the artery wall improved in high temperature treadmill supplementation with vitamin C group. Conclusion: Heat exposure has effect on oxidative stress, which may be related to the increase of BP. Vitamin C as an anti-oxidative enhancer can prevent those negative effects, which could alleviate the pathological changes of vessel intima in heat-exposed rats. And the Nrf2 may be a regulated factor to vascular protection.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Ascorbic Acid , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Hot Temperature , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Fever
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5779-5789, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008775

ABSTRACT

This study aims to mine the transcription factors that affect the genuineness of Codonopsis pilosula in Shanxi based on the transcriptome data of C. pilosula samples collected from Shanxi and Gansu, and then analyze the gene expression patterns, which will provide a theoretical basis for the molecular assisted breeding of C. pilosula. Gene ontology(GO) functional annotation, conserved motif prediction, and gene expression pattern analysis were performed for the differential transcription factors predicted based on the transcriptome data of C. pilosula from different habitats. A total of 61 differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were screened out from the transcriptome data. Most of the DEGs belonged to AP2/ERF-ERF family, with the conserved motif of [2X]-[LG]-[3X]-T-[3X]-[AARAYDRAA]-[3X]-[RG]-[2X]-A-[2X]-[NFP]. Forty-three of the DEGs showed significantly higher gene expression in C. pilosula samples from Shanxi than in the samples from Gansu, including 11 genes in the AP2/ERF-ERF family, 5 genes in the NAC fa-mily, 1 gene in the bHLH family, and 2 genes in the RWP-RK family, while 18 transcription factors showed higher expression levels in the samples from Gansu. GO annotation predicted that most of the DEGs were enriched in GO terms related to transcriptional binding activity(103), metabolic process(26), and stress response(23). The expression of transcription factor genes, CpNAC92, CpNAC100, CpbHLH128, and CpRAP2-7 was higher in the samples from Shanxi and in the roots of C. pilosula. CpNAC92, CpbHLH128, and CpRAP2-7 responded to the low temperature, temperature difference, and iron stresses, while CpNAC100 only responded to low temperature and iron stresses. The screening and expression analysis of the specific transcription factors CpNAC92, CpNAC100, CpbHLH128, and CpRAP2-7 in C. pilosula in Shanxi laid a theoretical foundation for further research on the mechanism of genuineness formation of C. pilosula.


Subject(s)
Codonopsis/chemistry , Transcription Factors/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Transcriptome , Iron
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2216-2223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936583

ABSTRACT

Lu Dangshen is the geoherb in Shanxi Province. The content of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides (CPP) in Lu Dangshen is more than that in other Codonopsis Radix from other regions. Glycosyltransferase is the key enzyme for the synthesis of bioactive components, such as CPP and tangshenoside I. Based on the transcriptome data of C. pilosula [Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.] from different producing areas, this study carried out functional annotation of GO and KEGG, conservative domain analysis, phylogenetic tree analysis and expression pattern analysis of glycosyltransferase genes in C. pilosula to provides a theoretical basis for exploring the mechanism of genuineness formation in Lu Dangshen. In this study, 98 glycosyltransferase genes were screened and identified, which belonged to GT family 1, GT family 2, GT family 90 and other families. By GO functional annotation, it was found that most of the glycosyltransferase genes had catalytic activity. Analysis of KEGG functional annotation showed that C. pilosula glycosyltransferase was mainly involved in glycan organism and terpenoid and polyketone metabolism. Among them, conserved domain of 42 glycosyltransferase genes in GT family 1 was [X]-W-[2X]-Q-[3X]-[LH]-[5X]-[FLTHCGWNS]-[2X]-E-[4X]-[GVP]-[4X]-P-[4X]-Q-[2X]-[NAK]. Phylogenetic tree analysis based on the glycosyltransferase sequence in Arabidopsis thaliana showed that C. pilosula glycosyltransferases were mainly located in Arabidopsis thaliana UGT73, 72 and 85 branches. Gene expression pattern analysis showed that expression of CpUGT73AH2 was higher in Lu Dangshen than that in Baitiaodang and could respond to drought and low temperature stress. In conclusion, a glycosyltransferase gene CpUGT73AH2, which is involved in the metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides and can respond to environmental stress, was screened from the C. pilosula glycosyltransferase family 1, which was used to further study the role of C. pilosula glycosyltransferase in Lu Dangshen. It laid a theoretical foundation for further study on the role of C. pilosula glycosyltransferase in the formation of Lu Dangshen.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 78-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942331

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effects of Toddalia asiatica alcohol extract on autophagy and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells, and to explore its possible mechanism. MethodA549 cells were cultured in vitro. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the proliferation of A549 cells, and cell survival rate was calculated to screen the drug concentration. The apoptosis in each dose group and that after the use of 3-methyladenine (3-MA), an autophagy inhibitor, were detected by flow cytometry combined with Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins such as B cell lymphocytoma-2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (cleaved Caspase-3), activated poly (Adenosine diphosphate) ribonucleotide polymerase (cleaved PARP1), PARP1, activated death activator (t-Bid), Bid, and ubiquitin-binding protein p62 in each group and those after the use of 3-MA. ResultCompared with the conditions in the control group, the cell survival rate in 0.25 g·L-1 group (P<0.05), and 0.5, 1, 2, 4 g·L-1 groups (P<0.01) was decreased after 24 h intervention. Additionally, the cell survival rate was reduced in a concentration-dependent manner at 48 h and it was less than 10% at 4 g·L-1 (P<0.01). Compared with the conditions in the control group, the total apoptosis rate in 0.5 g·L-1 group was increased (P<0.05), and the apoptosis rate in 1 and 2 g·L-1 groups was also increased (P<0.01). Compared with the 2 g·L-1 group and 3-MA group, the 3-MA combined with T. asiatica alcohol extract had significantly decreased apoptosis rate (P<0.01). Compared with the conditions in the control group, elevated expression of pro-apoptotic proteins cleaved PARP1, Bax and t-Bid in 1 and 2 g·L-1 groups (P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced expression of Bid in the 2 g·L-1 group (P<0.01) were found. Compared with the conditions in the control group, the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 (P<0.05, P<0.01) and the level of p62 (P<0.01) were down-regulated in 0.5, 1, 2 g·L-1 groups, while the level of LC3 Ⅱ protein was up-regulated (P<0.01), with certain concentration dependence. ConclusionT. asiatica alcohol extract could significantly inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells, which might be related to promoting autophagy and inducing apoptosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1494-1497, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of improving moderate and severe benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH)with lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS)on renal function in elderly patients aged 80 years and over.Methods:A total of 129 inpatients with moderate and severe BPH and its associated LUTS(BPH/LUTS)who took tamsulosin combined with finasteride aged 80 years old and over in Geriatric Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled in the retrospective study from July 2018 to July 2020.Patients were divided into normal blood pressure group(n=51)and hypertension group(n=78)and divided into normal renal function group(n=77)and CKD3a stage group(n=52).Serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR), prostate volume(PV)and post-void residual urine volume(PVR), and International Prostate Symptom Score(IPSS)were compared before versus after 1, 3 and 6 months of treatment.Multivariable linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the influence of the most relevant factors on renal function in patients with BPH/LUTS.Results:After 1, 3 and 6 months of tamsulosin combined with finastide treatment, the lower urinary tract symptoms of elderly patients with BPH/LUTS were improved, IPSS score and PVR were decreased, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.01).PV, serum creatinine and eGFR were not changed after 6 months of treatment(all P>0.05).However, further subgroup analysis showed that serum creatinine level in hypertension group and CKD3a stage group was increased compared with that before treatment, while eGFR in CKD3a stage group was decreased before treatment, and the difference was statistically significant(all P<0.05).Compared with before treatment, serum creatinine and eGFR in hypertensive group improved after 3 months of treatment, and CKD3a group improved after 1 month of treatment, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05).There were no significant changes in serum creatinine and eGFR in normal blood pressure group and normal renal function group after 6 months of treatment(all P>0.05).Multiple linear regression analysis showed that hypertension( β=2.06, P<0.05)and CKD3a stage( β=17.16, P<0.01)were independent risk factors for creatinine changes before and after treatment.Hypertension( β=-2.27, P<0.01), CKD3a stage( β=-11.93, P<0.01)and CKD3A stage( β=-2.27, P<0.01)were independent risk factors for creatinine changes before and after treatment. P<0.01)and PV before treatment( β=-0.11, P<0.05)were independent risk factors for the change of eGFR before and after treatment. Conclusions:Treatment for moderate and severe BPH/LUTS can improve renal function in elderly patients with hypertension or CKD3a.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 502-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between blood electrolytes and the prognosis of patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to provide assistance for clinical decision-making.Methods:The clinical data of patients with severe COVID-19 admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Wuhan Third Hospital by the Shanghai aid-Hubei medical team from January 21 to March 4, 2020 were collected. Excluding ineligible patients, 110 patients were finally enrolled. The patients' gender, age, temperature, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, clinical symptoms at admission, time of symptom onset, duration of fever, and relevant indicators at admission to ICU (including blood potassium, chloride, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium, etc.) and prognosis were analyzed. The patients were grouped by blood potassium or calcium levels or blood potassium/calcium ratio. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to analyze the survival of patients in each group. The relationship between the potassium/calcium ratio and the prognosis was analyzed using restricted cubic spline plots. The relationship between each index in the different models and the prognosis was analyzed using Cox regression models.Results:Among 110 severe COVID-19 patients, 78 cases survived, and 32 cases died. Compared with the surviving group, patients in the death group had higher blood potassium levels [mmol/L: 4.25 (3.80, 4.65) vs. 3.90 (3.60, 4.20), P < 0.05] and lower blood calcium levels (mmol/L: 2.00±0.14 vs. 2.19±0.18, P < 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients in the potassium > 4.2 mmol/L group had a worse prognosis than the potassium < 3.8 mmol/L group and the potassium 3.8-4.2 mmol/L group ( P = 0.011), patients in the calcium > 2.23 mmol/L group had a better prognosis than the calcium < 2.03 mmol/L group and the calcium 2.03-2.23 mmol/L group, and the lower calcium group had a worse prognosis ( P = 0.000 15). Cox regression analysis showed that the hazard ratio ( HR) of blood potassium and calcium were 2.08 and 0.01, respectively, in model 1 (single blood potassium or calcium) and in model 2 (model 1 plus age and gender), the HR of blood potassium and calcium were 1.98 and 0.01 respectively, which were significantly associated with patient prognosis (all P < 0.05). Patients in the group with the potassium/calcium ratio > 1.9 had higher blood potassium levels and a higher proportion of mechanical ventilation, lower calcium levels and lower proportion of survival, and longer time of ICU admission compared with the groups with the potassium/calcium ratio < 1.7 and 1.7-1.9. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the survival rate of the potassium/calcium ratio > 1.9 group was the lowest ( P < 0.000 1), and there was no statistically significant difference in survival between the potassium/calcium ratio < 1.7 group and the potassium/calcium ratio 1.7-1.9 group. A restricted cubic spline plot corrected for age and gender showed that patients in the potassium/calcium ratio > 1.8 group had HR values > 1. Cox regression analysis corrected for other indicators showed that the potassium/calcium ratio was still associated with patient prognosis ( HR = 4.85, P = 0.033). Conclusions:Blood potassium, calcium, and the potassium/calcium ratio at ICU admission are related to the prognosis of patients with severe COVID-19, and the potassium/calcium ratio is an independent risk factor for the death of patients. The higher the potassium/calcium ratio, the worse the prognosis of patients.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 485-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and analyze the clinical features of patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (sCOVID-19) and severe community acquired pneumonia (sCAP) who meet the diagnostic criteria for severe pneumonia of the Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society (IDSA/ATS).Methods:A retrospective comparative analysis of the clinical records of 116 patients with sCOVID-19 admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Wuhan Third Hospital from January 1, 2020 to March 31, 2020 and 135 patients with sCAP admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Shanghai First People's Hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2017 was conducted. The basic information, diagnosis and comorbidities, laboratory data, etiology and imaging results, treatment, prognosis and outcome of the patients were collected. The differences in clinical data between sCOVID-19 and sCAP patients were compared, and the risk factors of death were analyzed.Results:The 28-day mortality of sCOVID-19 and sCAP patients were 50.9% (59/116) and 37.0% (50/135), respectively. The proportion of arterial partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO 2/FiO 2)≤250 mmHg (1 mmHg ≈ 0.133 kPa) in sCOVID-19 patients was significantly higher than that of sCAP [62.1% (72/116) vs. 34.8% (47/135), P < 0.01]. The possible reason was that the proportion of multiple lung lobe infiltration in sCOVID-19 was significantly higher than that caused by sCAP [94.0% (109/116) vs. 40.0% (54/135), P < 0.01], but the proportion of sCOVID-19 patients requiring mechanical ventilation was significantly lower than that of sCAP [45.7% (53/116) vs. 60.0% (81/135), P < 0.05]. Further analysis of clinical indicators related to patient death found that for sCOVID-19 patients PaO 2/FiO 2, white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophils (NEU), neutrophil percentage (NEU%), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), total bilirubin (TBil), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), albumin (ALB), Ca 2+, prothrombin time (PT), D-dimer, C-reactive protein (CRP) and other indicators were significantly different between the death group and the survival group, in addition, the proportion of receiving mechanical ventilation, gamma globulin, steroid hormones and fluid resuscitation in death group were higher than survival group. Logistic regression analysis showed that the need for mechanical ventilation, NLR > 10, TBil > 10 μmol/L, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > 250 U/L were risk factors for death at 28 days. For sCAP patients, there were significant differences in age, BUN, ALB, blood glucose (GLU), Ca 2+ and D-dimer between the death group and the survival group, but there was no significant difference in treatment. Logistic regression analysis showed that BUN > 7.14 mmol/L and ALB < 30 g/L were risk factors for 28-day death of sCAP patients. Conclusions:The sCOVID-19 patients in this cohort have worse oxygen condition and symptoms than sCAP patients, which may be due to the high proportion of lesions involving the lungs. The indicators of the difference between the death group and the survival group were similar in sCOVID-19 and sCAP patients. It is suggested that the two diseases have similar effects on renal function, nutritional status and coagulation function. But there were still differences in risk factors affecting survival. It may be that sCOVID-19 has a greater impact on lung oxygenation function, inflammatory cascade response, and liver function, while sCAP has a greater impact on renal function and nutritional status.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 663-668, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a rapid risk assessment tool for imported COVID-19 cases and provide reference evidences for prevention and control of COVID-19 at ports. Methods: The information about COVID-19 pandemic and control strategies of 12 concerned countries was collected during July to August 2021, and 12 indexes were selected to assess the importation risk of COVID-19 by risk matrix. Results: The risk for imported COVID-19 cases from 12 countries to China was high or extremely high, and the risk from Russia and the USA was highest. Conclusions: The developed rapid risk assessment tool based on the risk matrix method can be used to determine the risk level of countries for imported COVID-19 cases to China at ports, and the risk of imported COVID-19 was high at Beijing port in August 2021.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beijing , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Pandemics , Risk Assessment
12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 30-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in microbiological examination results between alcohol abuse and no alcohol abuse in adult ICU patients and the association between alcohol abuse and these differences.Methods:The adult patients with microbiological examination results were selected from the MIMIC-Ⅲ database and divided into two groups according to whether they had alcohol abuse. The two groups were matched by propensity score, and the similarities and differences in microbiological examination results were evaluated between the two groups after matching. The measurement data of non normal distribution were expressed by M ( Q1, Q3). Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for the comparison of the two groups, and the comparison of counting data was used χ 2 test or Fisher exact probability method. Results:After matching, the alcohol abuse patients were more likely to use mechanical ventilation (47.06% (1 379/2 930) vs. 52.66% (1 543/2 930), χ 2=18.14, P<0.001), had a higher positive rate in sputum samples (44.30% (400/903) vs. 49.41% (501/1 014), χ 2=4.81, P=0.028) and had a lower positive rate in other samples (26.85% (653/2 432) vs. 21.67% (541/2 496), χ 2=17.69, P<0.001). In blood samples, the percentage of Gram-negative bacteria was lower in the alcohol abuse group (26.87% (126/469) vs. 17.25% (74/429), χ 2=11.42, P<0.001), while the percentage of Gram-positive bacteria was higher (78.46% (368/469) vs. 86.01% (369/429), χ 2=8.17, P=0.004). The percentage of patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.75% (110/2 930) vs. 2.08% (61/2 930), χ 2=13.88, P<0.001) and Enterococcus sp. (8.19% (240/2 930) vs. 6.45% (189/2 930), χ 2=6.29, P=0.012) was lower in the alcohol abuse group. However, there was a higher percentage of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (2.32% (68/2 930) vs. 3.28% (96/2 930), χ 2=4.57, P=0.032) and Haemophilus influenzae (1.30% (38/2 930) vs. 2.01% (59/2930), χ 2=4.19, P=0.041) in the alcohol abuse group. For Staphylococcus aureus (61.10% (322/527) and 52.66% (267/507), χ 2=7.16, P=0.007) and Enterococcus sp. (75.83% (160/211) and 63.64% (56/88), χ 2=4.02, P=0.045), the alcohol abuse group had a lower resistance to levofloxacin; for Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae, the alcohol abuse group had a lower resistance to cephalosporins (all P<0.05). Conclusions:In adult ICU, alcohol abuse might increase the risks of using mechanical ventilation, and patients with alcohol abuse might be more prone to have respiratory tract infections. Alcohol abuse patients with blood infections were less likely to be infected with Gram-negative bacteria, but had a higher probability of Gram-positive bacteria infection. What is more, Alcohol abuse might increase the risks of infections with Haemophilus influenzae and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. In alcohol abuse patients, the infection of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus sp., Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae was less resistant to many antibiotics than that in no alcohol abuse patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 61-65, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of SKF96365, store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) inhibitor, on liver and kidney injury induced by paraquat (PQ).Methods:A549 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into the control group (DMSO group, SKF 2 μmol/L group, and SKF 10 μmol/L group) and PQ group (PQ+DMSO group, PQ+SKF 2 μmol/L group, and PQ+SKF 10 μmol/L group). The nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) in A549 cells was detected by luciferase reporter gene technique. The mouse model of PQ poisoning was constructed and divided into the control group, SKF group, PQ group and PQ+SKF group. In the PQ group, mice were injected with 50 mg/kg PQ intraperitoneally; in the SKF group, mice were injected intraperitoneally with 10 mg/kg SKF96365 for 3 days. Mice in the PQ+SKF group received 50 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection of PQ once and 10 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection of SKF96365 daily for 3 days. On the fourth day, the mice were sacrificed, and the liver and kidney tissues were taken. The histopathological changes of liver and kidney tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, and the apoptosis of liver and kidney tissues was observed by TUNEL staining. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the mean values of normally distributed measurement data between groups. Comparisons between groups were performed using the least significant difference t-test. Results:The luciferase reporter gene technology showed that NFAT was significantly activated in the PQ group. After pretreatment with SKF96365, NFAT activation decreased sharply in a dose-dependent manner. HE staining showed that the outline structure of liver and kidney tissues in the PQ groups were unclear, cells swelled and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated; in the PQ+SKF group, liver cell swelling and inflammatory cell infiltration decreased significantly. TUNEL staining showed that the apoptotic cells in liver and kidney tissues increased in the PQ groups, and the apoptosis decreased remarkably in the PQ+SKF group.Conclusions:SOCE inhibitor SKF96365 can significantly reduce the liver and kidney injury caused by PQ.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1286-1290, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence of geriatric syndromes in elderly inpatients with different grip strength levels and the effect of grip strength on geriatric syndromes and thus to provide insight for the management of geriatric syndromes in elderly inpatients.Methods:A total of 225 elderly inpatients who had received comprehensive geriatric assessment at the geriatrics department of our hospital were selected retrospectively, and their general and geriatric syndrome data were collected.With grip strength of 28 kg for men and 18 kg for women as the cut-offs, the patients were divided into the normal grip strength group(114 cases)and the decreased grip strength group(111 cases). Based on demographic characteristics including age, gender, type of work, income, educational background and social support, 1∶1 propensity score matching(PSM)for the two groups was conducted, successfully resulting in a total of 77 pairs.Differences in geriatric syndromes between the two groups were compared, and the relationship between grip strength and geriatric syndromes was analyzed in these elderly inpatients.Results:After adjustment for the general demographic characteristics by PSM, the decreased grip strength group showed higher rates than the normal grip strength group of frailty/pre-frailty(87.0% vs.55.8%), disability(53.2% vs.27.3%), malnutrition/malnutrition risk(57.1% vs.22.1%), cognitive impairment(35.1% vs.9.1%), constipation(44.2% vs.20.8%), falls(32.5% vs.13.0%)and number of geriatric syndromes(4, range: 2-5 vs.2, range: 0-4)and higher Carlson comorbidity index(CCI)scores(6, range: 5-8 vs.5range: 4-6)and higher body mass index scores[(25±3)kg/m 2vs.(23±4)kg/m 2](all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of pain, sleep disorders, depression, anxiety or polypharmacy, or in short physical performance scores between the two groups(all P>0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that decreased grip strength was positively correlated with the incidence of frailty/pre-frailty( r= 0.345), disability( r= 0.265), malnutrition/malnutrition risk( r= 0.358), cognitive impairment( r=0.313), constipation( r= 0.250), falls( r= 0.232)and number of geriatric syndromes( r=0.370)(all P<0.05). There was no significant correlation between grip strength and the incidence of pain, sleep disorder, depression or anxiety(all P> 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that, compared with the normal grip strength group, the decreased grip strength group had a higher risk of developing geriatric syndromes such as frailty/pre-frailty( OR=10.906), disability( OR=4.025), malnutrition/ malnutrition risk( OR=2.699), cognitive impairment( OR=6.620), constipation( OR=2.848)and falls( OR=4.145, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Decreased grip strength is an independent risk factor for many common geriatric syndromes such as frailty/pre-frailty, disability, malnutrition/ malnutrition risk, cognitive impairment, constipation and falls.Elderly patients with decreased grip strength should be a key population group when screening for geriatric syndromes.

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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 147-152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923227

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of high temperature on learning and memory ability, behavioral activity, and fatigue as well as the intervention effect of compound nutrients on the exercising mice. METHODS: Thirty specific pathogen-free healthy male Kunming mice were randomly divided into the normal-temperature exercise, high-temperature exercise, and high-temperature exercise supplement groups, with 10 mice in each group. The mice in these three groups performed treadmill exercise for one hour every day, six days per week, and continued for four weeks. The mice in the high-temperature exercise supplement group were fed with 0.3 mL of compound nutrients 30 minutes before each treadmill exercise, whereas the mice in the normal-temperature exercise and the high-temperature exercise groups were fed with an equal volume of distilled water. At the end of the treadmill exercise, the mice were subjected to experiments on their neurological behaviors. The serum of mice in each group were collected to detect the lactic acid level, urea nitrogen level, and creatine kinase activity. The liver and gastrocnemius muscle tissues were then taken for detecting the levels of liver glycogen and muscle glycogen.RESULTS: Compared with the mice in the normal-temperature exercise group, the escape latency of the mice in the high-temperature exercise group was prolonged(P<0.05), whereas the number of platform crossings, percentage of target quadrant time, and distance were reduced(all P<0.05). Compared with the mice in the high-temperature exercise group, the escape latency of the mice in the high-temperature exercise supplement group was shortened(P<0.05), whereas the number of platform crossings, percentage of target quadrant time, and distance were increased(all P<0.05). Compared with the mice in the normal-temperature exercise group, the first fall time and grip strength of the mice in the high-temperature exercise group were reduced(all P<0.05), whereas the number of falls was increased(P<0.05). Compared with the mice in the high-temperature exercise group, the first fall time and grip strength of the mice in the high-temperature exercise supplement group were increased(all P<0.05), whereas the number of falls was reduced(P<0.05). Compared with the mice in the normal-temperature exercise group, the serum lactic acid level, urea nitrogen level, and creatine kinase activity of the mice in the high-temperature exercise group were increased(all P<0.05), whereas the levels of liver glycogen and muscle glycogen were decreased(all P<0.05). Compared with the mice in the high-temperature exercise group, the serum lactic acid level, urea nitrogen level, and creatine kinase activity of the mice in the high-temperature exercise supplement group were decreased(all P<0.05), whereas the levels of liver glycogen and muscle glycogen were increased(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: High temperature exercise can lead to decreased learning and memory ability and behavioral activity in mice, resulting in exercise-induced fatigue. Supplemental compound nutrients can prevent these changes.

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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 383-390, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873786

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by memory loss and cognitive impairment. To date, however, no disease-modifying strategies to prevent or cure AD exist. Synapses are involved in the connection of neurons and present as the key component for the memory and other neural activities. Synapse loss is a critical hallmark of AD pathology. In brain, glia cells, including microglia and astrocytes, are a group of highly specific cell types other than neurons. Microglia and astrocytes play a key role in maintaining the healthy neural circuit and regulating synaptic plasticity. Under development and physiological conditions, glial cells contribute to construct and maintain mature central neural networks via synaptic pruning. However, during AD pathogenesis, glial cells engulf synapses excessively, which leads to synapse loss, neuronal dysfunction, and cognitive impairment. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of the underlying mechanisms for glia-mediated synaptic pruning in AD, and provide a novel strategy for the development of AD drugs.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2657-2664, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837516

ABSTRACT

We used network pharmacology and molecular docking to investigate the molecular mechanism of Lishi-Kuijie decoction (KJF) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). Chemical components and targets related to the 13 herbs of Chinese Materia Medical in KJF were searched through the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). The UC-related targets were identified through OMIM, DisGeNet and GeneCards databases. Using Cytoscape 3.7.2 software a drug-compound-disease-target network was established. The target interaction network and core target for KJF against UC was built and selected based on the String database and topological parameters. Using the R package clusterprofile in Bioconductor, the intersection genes and the disease-drug intersection targets were transformed to Entrez gene ID, followed by gene ontology biological process enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway annotation analysis. The KJF compound-UC target network contained 149 compounds, 108 corresponding targets and 12 core targets (including signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor, c-x-c motif chemokine ligand 8, interleukin 2, etc.). We identified 2 371 GO terms and 155 pathways (mainly involving IBD, PI3K-ATK, NF-kappa B, TNF, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway) as determined by enrichment analysis. Molecular docking, used with the key molecular factors and the core targets, revealed stable binding for IL2, TNF-α, MAPK1 and RELA. These results suggest the possible molecular mechanism of KJF in treatment of UC and lay the foundation for further characterization of the components and their mechanisms.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1298-1303, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been proven associated with the pathogenesis of asthmatic airway remodeling, in which the Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays an important role, notably with regard to TGF-β1. Recent studies have shown that 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3(1α, 25(OH)2D3) inhibits TGF-β1-induced EMT, although the underlying mechanism have not yet been fully elucidated.@*METHODS@#Alveolar epithelial cells were exposed to 1α, 25(OH)2D3, ICG-001, or a combination of both, followed by stimulation with TGF-β1. The protein expression of E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin, and β-catenin was analyzed by western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis. The mRNA transcript of Snail was analyzed using RT-qPCR, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) activity was analyzed by gelatin zymogram. The activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway was analyzed using the Top/Fop flash reporters.@*RESULTS@#Both 1α, 25(OH)2D3 and ICG-001 blocked TGF-β1-induced EMT in alveolar epithelial cells. In addition, the Top/Fop Flash reporters showed that 1α, 25(OH)2D3 suppressed the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and reduced the expression of target genes, including MMP-9 and Snail, in synergy with ICG-001.@*CONCLUSION@#1α, 25(OH)2D3 synergizes with ICG-001 and inhibits TGF-β1-induced EMT in alveolar epithelial cells by negatively regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 301-306, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore clinical predictive value of short-term dynamic changes in platelet counts (PLT) for prognosis of sepsis patients in intensive care unit (ICU).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The patients aging 18 to 80 years old who were diagnosed by Sepsis-3 admitted to ICU of South Branch of Shanghai General Hospital from November 2015 to October 2018 were enrolled. According to whether the patients died within 28 days, they were divided into death and survival groups. General information and clinical baseline data [including disease severity score, infection biomarkers, PLT and organ function parameters (cardiac, liver, kidney, coagulation) and inflammatory cytokines] between the two groups were compared. Based on clinical indicators which had statistically significance, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to predict the prognosis of the patients within 28 days. Then, risk factors of 28-day mortality of sepsis patients in ICU were screened by univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. On the basis of multivariate Logistic regression analysis results, a multiparameter model was built, and the ROC curve was drawn to predict its prognosis within 28 days.Results:A total of 220 sepsis patients were enrolled. Among them, 61 patients died and 159 patients survived within 28 days with a 28-day mortality of 27.7%. Compared with the survival group, the patients in the death group were senior in age, more likely to suffer from chronic cardiovascular, chronic kidney and immune system disease, had higher scores in acute physiologic and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score and less PLT on the 1st and 7th day, sustained a higher incidence of persistent thrombocytopenia (PLT were all < 100×10 9/L in the first week after ICU admission) or acquired thrombocytopenia (PLT ≥ 100×10 9/L on the day of ICU admission, but dropped over 50% during the first week after ICU admission), were subjected to higher procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and endured worse organ function (cardiac, kidney, coagulation) with statistically significant differences. However, there was no significant difference in gender, disease type, infection sites, pathogens or liver function. The ROC curve analysis for the 28-day prognosis of sepsis illustrated that the three disease severity scores could predict the 28-day prognosis of sepsis in ICU, and the area under ROC curve (AUC) of SOFA score was the highest (AUC = 0.878). The AUC of PLT on the 7th day was higher than that on the 1st day (AUC: 0.862 vs. 0.674), and the AUC of other clinical indicators were all < 0.8. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that SOFA score [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.423, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.089-1.859, P = 0.010], troponin I (TnI; OR = 2.056, 95% CI was 1.057-3.999, P = 0.034), and persistent or acquired thrombocytopenia ( OR = 13.028, 95% CI was 4.033-42.090, P < 0.001) were three independent risk factors for 28-day mortality of the sepsis patients in ICU. Based on the multivariate Logistic regression analysis results, a multiparameter model was built with SOFA score, TnI and persistent or acquired thrombocytopenia, which showed a AUC of 0.926 to predict the 28-day mortality of sepsis patients in ICU. When the optimum cut-off value was 0.398 in the model, the sensitivity was 76.8%, and the specificity was 92.8%. Conclusions:Persistent or acquired thrombocytopenia within the first week of hospitalization proves to have a relatively momentous clinical predictive value for prognosis of sepsis patients in ICU. Clinical intervention focusing on thrombocytopenia may become a new potential therapy for these sepsis patients.

20.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 392-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876244

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the transmission pattern of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the population by describing an imported case of novel coronavirus infected pneumonia epidemic situation. Methods Using the method of field investigation, epidemiological investigations were carried out for the imported COVID-19 case and the close contacts related to this epidemic cluster.Data were collected concerning the date of onset, isolation of the case and close contacts.The novel coronavirus nucleic acid was collected from the throat swabs of the case and close contacts.These samples were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. Results In this epidemic cluster, there was one confirmed case, that had been exposed to 36 people (12 in the family and 24 outside the family) and 2 in the family were nucleic acid positive and diagnosed as asymptomatic infections. Conclusion COVID-19 transmission proves to be mainly through respiratory droplets and close contact, which easily causes family aggregation epidemic.

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