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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927849

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and the potential roles of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA)cancer susceptibility candidate 2(CASC2)and imprinted gene H19 in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ECC). Methods Four samples from patients with ECC were collected for high-throughput sequencing which was conducted to reveal the transcriptomic profiles of lncRNA CASC2 and H19.Bioinformatics tools were employed to predict the potential roles of the two genes.Another 22 ECC tissue samples and the cholangiocarcinoma cell lines(RBE,QBC939,HuH-28,and HuCCT1)with different degrees of differentiation were selected for validation.The para-carcinoma tissue and normal human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cell(HIBEC)were used as the control groups.The expression levels of lncRNA CASC2 and H19 in carcinoma tissue,para-carcinoma tissue,and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR).The correlation analysis was carried out for the clinical indicators of patients with the expression levels of the target genes. Results The two target genes showed significantly different expression between carcinoma tissue and para-carcinoma tissue(all P<0.05).Specifically,CASC2 had higher expression level in the carcinoma tissue than in the para-carcinoma tissue(t=1.262,P=0.025),whereas the expression of H19 showed an opposite trend(t=1.285,P=0.005).The expression levels of CASC2 in QBC939(t=8.114,P=0.015)and HuH-28(t=9.202,P=0.012)cells were significantly higher than that in the control group.The expression levels of H19 were significantly lower in RBE(t=-10.244,P<0.001),QBC939(t=-10.476,P<0.001),HuH-28(t=-19.798,P<0.001),and HuCCT1(t=-16.193,P=0.004)cells than in the control group.Bioinformatics analysis showed that CASC2 was mainly involved in the metabolic process and H19 in the development of multicellular organisms.Both CASC2 and H19 were related to catalytic activity.The expression level of lncRNA CASC2 was correlated with pathological differentiation(χ 2=6.222,P=0.022)and lymph node metastasis(χ2=5.455,P=0.020),and that of lncRNA H19 with pathological differentiation(χ2=1.174,P=0.029)and tumor size(χ2=-0.507,P=0.037). Conclusions In the case of ECC,lncRNA CASC2 and H19 have transcription disorders.lncRNA CASC2 is generally up-regulated in the carcinoma tissue,while H19 is down-regulated.Both genes have the potential to become new molecular markers for ECC.


Subject(s)
Bile Duct Neoplasms/genetics , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 407-422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887677

ABSTRACT

As the two essential components, the white matter and gray matter compose the central nervous system of the brain. Widely known that axons of neurons mainly form the white matter, and these formed nerve fibers are responsible for transmitting information among various brain regions to achieve the coordinated operation of the entire brain. Early research on the white matter could only be done by dissecting living animals or human cadavers, until Basser et al. proposed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) technology in 1994, which could detect the diffusion characteristics of water in the brain in vivo noninvasively. Accordingly, this technology could be applied to investigate the diffusion movement of water in white matter to obtain the information of direction and micro-anatomy of white matter fiber bundles. With the advancement on the display and analysis of the anatomical structure of white matter fiber bundles, the exploration of microscopic pathological changes, and the assistance of clinical diagnosis and neurophysiological research, DTI technology has become one of the most popular topics in brain science research. Chronic pain refers to pain lasting more than three months, which not only seriously affects the patient's physical and social functions, but also dramatically reduces the quality of life. It was reported that long-term pain stimulation might cause pathological remodeling of the central nervous system, and abnormalities in white matter were found in imaging examinations of patients with chronic pain. This review introduces the quantitative analysis methods of white matter fiber bundle microstructure based on DTI and its application in chronic pain, and further discusses the application value of DTI technology on clinical research of chronic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Chronic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Humans , Quality of Life , White Matter/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 436-441, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884731

ABSTRACT

Osteonecrosis is the most common disorder in femoral head and scaphoid. However, avascular necrosis (AVN) in metacarpal head is a rare disease. In the present study, a 14-year-old male patient complained of right-hand pain with a limited range of motion for one month. Physical examination showed that the active flexion was 70° and the extension was limited to 30° of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints. The grip strength decreased to 60% of the contralateral hand. X-rays demonstrated flattening and sclerotic changes in the long finger and ring finger of metacarpal head. CT scanning indicated cystic, osteochondral defects and sclerotic changes in metacarpal head. Imaging examination further confirmed the diagnosis of AVN in the long metacarpal finger and ring finger. After conservative treatments including splint immobilization, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and physiotherapy, the local pain symptoms of the MCP joint gradually disappeared. The range of motion of MCP joint returned to normal with the grip strength score as 105% of the contralateral hand. MRI confirmed excellent remodeling and regeneration in the metacarpal head at two years later. The clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatments of AVN of metacarpal head were reviewed. Although radiograph examination is commonly used, early-stage osteonecrosis of the metacarpal head should be confirmed by MRI. Given the rarity of this disorder, there is no consensus on the treatments. Metacarpal necrosis is the more common disorder in adolescent patients with a history of trauma. Considering the potential of bone remodeling, juveniles with metacarpal head necrosis could recover by conservative treatments.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862001

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the safety and efficacy of modified liquid isolation method during ultrasound-guided microwave ablation in treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). Methods: Clinical data of 82 SHPT patients who underwent ultrasound-guided microwave ablation were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 41 cases adopted improved liquid isolation method (observation group), while the other 41 cases received traditional liquid isolation method (control group). Unit volume ablation time, serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), iPTH change rate and serum calcium before and 7 days after operation, the incidence and recovery rate of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury during and 6 months after operation were compared between the two groups. Results: There was no significant difference of unit volume ablation time, serum iPTH, iPTH change rate nor serum calcium level before and 7 days after operation between the two groups (all P>0.05). The incidence of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in observation group during and 6 months after operation was 14.63% (6/41), lower than that of control group (43.90%[18/41], P=0.004). Six months after operation, all 6 patients (6/6, 100%) with recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in observation group and 13 patients (13/18, 72.22%) in control group recovered (P=0.003). Conclusion: Modified liquid isolation microwave ablation can effectively treat SHPT and reduce recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas (ACCP).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 21 patients with ACCP who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019 were collected. There were 5 males and 16 females, aged (57±9)years, with a range from 41 to 74 years. Patients underwent CT and MRI examinations. Observation indicators: (1) imaging examination; (2) imaging features on CT; (3) imaging features on MRI; (4) pathological examination and immunohistochemistry staining; (5) treatment and follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was conducted at 1, 3, 6 months after discharge and once every 6 months thereafter to detect survival of patients up to December 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Imaging examination. Of the 21 patients, 7 underwent single CT examination, 11 underwent MRI examination, and 3 underwent both CT and MRI examinations. ① Tumor shape: all the 21 patients had single tumor, including 17 showing round or quasi-round shape, and 4 showing irregular clumps. ② Tumor location: of the 21 patients, 6 had tumor located at pancreatic head, 2 had tumor located at pancreatic head and body, 2 had tumor located at pancreatic body, 4 had tumor located at pancreatic body and tail, 4 had tumor located at pancreatic tail, and 3 had had tumor located at ampulla. ③ The maximum tumor diameter was (43±29)mm, with a range from 11 to 129 mm. ④ Adjacent organ invasion: 10 of the 21 patients had invasion of adjacent organ, including 2 with invasion of stomach, spleen and left adrenal gland invasion, 4 with invasion of duodenum, 3 with invasion of duodenum and common bile duct, 1 with invasion of spleen. ⑤ Vascular invasion: 12 patients had invasion of splenic artery or splenic vein, including 1 combined with invasion of both common hepatic artery and superior mesenteric vein, 1 combined with invasion of celiac root. ⑥ Pancreatic and bile duct invasion: 8 patients had pancreatic and bile duct dilation, including 4 with bile duct and upper pancreatic duct dilation, and 4 with pancreatic duct dilation. ⑦ Lymph node metastasis: 2 patients had perineoplastic lymph node enlargement. ⑧ Other conditions: 7 patients had tumor center with cystic necrosis. Four patients had atrophy pancreatic parenchyma. Two patients had splenic vein tumor thrombosis. Two patients had cysts. One patient had multiple liver metastases. (2) Imaging features on CT. ① The solid part was dominant in the main body of the 10 patients undergoing CT examination, demostrating equal density, of which 3 cases had clear boundaries, 2 cases had pseudocapsule around the lesion, and 5 cases had low-density necrotic area in the center of lesion. ② In arterial phase of CT examination, the solid part of tumor had a lower enhancement compared with the normal pancreatic tissues in 7 patients, while the solid part of tumor had a high enhancement compared with the normal pancreatic tissues in 3 patients. ③ In delayed phase of CT examination, the tumor density was slightly lower than or equal to density of normal pancreatic parenchyma in 7 patients, showing slightly progressive enhancement, while the tumor density was slightly higher than or equal to density of normal pancreatic parenchyma in 3 patients. (3) Imaging features on MRI. ① MRI plain scan of 14 patients showed that 8 patients demostrated slightly longer T2 and slightly longer T1 signals in lesions, while 6 patients demostrated mixed signals dominated by long T2 and equal T1 signals. The area of cystic necrosis was observed in lesions of 4 patients and was not observed in 10 patients. No antiphase signal reduction was observed in the 14 patients. ② MRI dynamic enhanced scan of 12 patients showed that 11 patients presented mild progressive enhancement in lesions and 1 patient presented obvious confounding enhancement and clearance in the delayed phase. Compared with adjacent normal pancreatic parenchyma, diffused weighted imaging showed high signals in 6 cases, slightly high signals in 6 cases, and high signal halo in 2 cases. The apparent diffusion coefficient in 14 lesions was (1.22±0.14)×10 -3 mm 2/s. (4) Pathological examination and immunohistochemistry staining. Results of pathological examination in the 21 patients: acinic cell carcinoma, mixed ductal-acinic cell carcinoma, acinar-endocrine carcinoma, and atypical hyperplasia inacinus were detected in 14, 5, 1, and 1 patients, respectively. Of the 21 patients, 10 had invasion of adjacent organ, 3 had invasion of bile duct, 2 had invasion of lymph node. Results of immunohistochemistry staining in 17 patients: 17 patients had proliferation index of Ki-67 as 1%-80%; 10 out of 16 patients were positive for synaptophysin; 6 out of 16 patients were positive for CD56 protein; 2 out of 14 patients were positive for Chromogranin A; 12 out of 13 patients were positive for α-antitrypsin; 9 out of 11 patients were positive for cytokeratin; 8 patients were positive for β-catenin; 2 patients were positive for B lymphoma-10 protein. (5) Treatment and follow-up. Of the 21 patients, 10 cases underwent pancreatico-duodenectomy, 6 cases underwent pancreatic body and tail pancreatectomy combined with splenectomy, 2 cases underwent pancreatic body and tail pancreatectomy, 1 case underwent pancreatic tail tumor enucleation, 1 case underwent liver metastasis resection, and 1 case underwent ultrasound-guided pancreatic lesion puncture biopsy. All the 21 patients were followed up for (30±16)years, with a range from 2 to 52 months. There were 13 patient surviving and 8 cases of death. They had survived for (19±13)months, with a range from 2 to 35 months. Conclusions:The CT and MRI enhanced scan of ACCP showed slightly progressive enhancement, with cystic necrosis seen in the center and high signals in diffused weighted imaging. Dilation of bile duct and pancreatic duct is common in patients with pancreatic head tumors, and invasion of splenic artery and vein is common in pancreatic body and tail tumors. Calcification and cyst are rare and lesions of pancreatic head and body cause atrophy in pancreatic tail.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752999

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical application value of modified invagination for pancreaticojejunostomy in pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 39 patients who underwent PD in the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2014 to December 2017 were collected.There were 26 males and 13 females,aged (60±7)years,with a range of 41-75 years.All the 39 patients underwent PD,using Child method to reconstruct digestive tract.Of 39 patients,19 undergoing modified invagination for pancreaticojejunostomy and 20 undergoing mucosa-to-mucosa end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy were allocated to innovative group and traditional group,respectively.Observation indicators:(1)surgical situations;(2) postoperative complications;(3) follow-up.Follow-up was performed by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative tumor recurrence,main pancreatic duct dilatation,survival,and discomfort (abdominal pain,bloating,indigestion,etc.) of patients up to October 2018.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was analyzed by t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (P25,P75) or M (range),and comparison between groups was analyzed by Mann Whitney U test.Count data were expressed as absolute numbers,and comparison between groups was analyzed by chi-square test or Fisher exact probability.Results (1) Surgical situations:operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,cases with soft pancreas or hard pancreas (pancreatic texture),pancreatic duct diameter,time of pancreatic duct removal,cases using somatostatin,and duration of postoperative hospital stay of the innovative group were (342±47) minutes,400 mL (300 mL,400 mL),10,9,3.1 cm (2.9 cm,3.4 cm),37 days (32 days,63 days),17,18 days (15 days,22 days),respectively,versus (392±95)minutes,400 mL (300 mL,525 mL),6,14,3.6 cm (2.6 cm,4.2 cm),43 days (34 days,49 days),18,and 24 days (15 days,27days) of the traditional group;there was no significant difference in the volume of intraoperative blood loss,cases with soft pancreas or hard pancreas (pancreatic texture),pancreatic duct diameter,time of pancreatic duct removal,cases using somatostatin,and duration of postoperative hospital stay between the two groups (Z=-0.775,x2 =2.063,Z=-1.155,Z=-0.295,x2 =0.003,Z=-1.286,P>0.05);but a significant difference in operation time between the two groups (t =-2.114,P<0.05).(2) Postoperative complications:6 patients in the innovative group had complications,including 1 of delayed gastric emptying,1 of wound infection,1 of pulmonary infection,1 of acute respiratory failure,1 of perihepatic effusion,and 3 of grade A pancreatic leakage;11 patients in the traditional group had postoperative complications,including 1 of bile leakage,2 of delayed gastric emptying,4 of abdominal infection,4 of wound infection,2 of pulmonary infection,1 of ascites,1 of abdominal hemorrhage,1 of pleural effusion,2 of grade A pancreatic leakage,5 of grade B and C pancreatic leakage;the same patient had multiple complications.There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between the two groups (x2=2.174,P>0.05),but there was a significant difference in postoperative grade B and C pancreatic leakage between the two groups (P<O.05).Patients with postoperative complications were improved after symptomatic support treatment,and no patient died during the perioperative period.(3) Follow-up:of the 39 patients,33 (18 in the innovation group and 15 in the traditional group) were followed up for 3-57 months,with a median follow-up time of 17 months.Of the 18 patients receiving follow-up in the innovative group,5 died of tumor recurrence and metastasis,with a survival time of 5-24 months,1 had tumor recurrence at 34 months after operation,1 had main pancreatic duct dilatation and intermittent abdominal pain and abdominal distension,5 had indigestion,1 had back pain,and 5 had good recovery.Of 15 patients receiving follow-up in the traditional group,10 died of tumor recurrence and metastasis,with a survival time of 3-57 months,2 had main pancreatic duct dilatation and intermittent abdominal pain and abdominal distension,2 had indigestion,1 had good recovery.Conclusion Compared with the traditional mucosa-to-mucosa end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy,modified invagination for pancreaticojejunostomy in the PD is safe and feasible,which can simplify the operation,reduce the requirements for the operator's operation skills,shorten the operation time,and reduce incidence of postoperative grade B and C pancreatic leakage.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the features of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of regional portal hypertension (RPH).Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 31 patients with PHR in the RPH group and 31 patients with liver cirrhotic portal hypertension (CPH) in the CPH group who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University between February 2014 and February 2018 were collected.Etiologies of patients in the RPH group included 21 of chronic pancreatitis complicated with pancreatic pseudocyst,5 of carcinoma of pancreatic body and tail,1 of solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas,1 of pancreatic serotls cystoadenoma,1 of gastric stromal tumor,1 of retroperitoneal metastatic tumor and 1 of left renal carcinoma.Etiologies of patients in the CPH group included 27 of liver cirrhosis after viral hepatitis type B (4 complicated with liver metastasis),3 of alcoholic cirrhosis and 1 of cholestatic cirrhosis.All the patients underwent CT and MRI examinations.Patients in the RPH group were mainly treated the primary diseases and patients in the CPH group were decreased portal vein pressure.Observation indicators:(1) imaging features of patients in the two groups;(2) treatment and follow-up situations.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview were performed to detect management of portal hypertension after treatment up to February 2018.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as (x)±s and comparison between groups was analyzed by the t test.Measurement data were represented as M (range) and comparison between groups was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney rank sum test.Count data were compared with chi-square test.Results (1) Imaging features of patients in the two groups:of 31 patients in the RPH group,12 underwent CT examination,2 underwent MRI examination,and 17 underwent CT combine with MRI examination.Of 31 patients in the CPH group,12 underwent CT examination and 19 underwent CT combined with MRI examination.The number of patients with varices in the gastric fundus,the number of patients with combined esophageal varices,the number of perigastric varices,diameter of main portal vein,diameter of splenic vein,liver volume,splenic volume,hepatosplenic volume ratio were 11,1,49,(13.9±2.9) mm,(12.0±2.8) mm,1 383 cm3 (range,1 005-1 637 cm3),271 cm3(range,199-311 cm3) and 5.5±2.0 in the RHP group and 24,21,33,(16.3±1.7)mm,(10.5±3.2)mm,1 087 cm3(range,916-1 536 cm3),603 cm3(range,415-869 cm3) and 2.2±0.9 in the CHP group,with statistically significant differences in the number of patients with varices in the gastric fundus,the number of patients with combined esophageal varices,the number of perigastric varices,diameter of main portal vein,splenic volume,hepatosplenic volume ratio between the two groups (x2=11.088,28.182,8.940,t=4.430,Z=6.205,t=8.544,P<0.05) and with no statistically significant differences in the diameter of splenic vein and liver volume between the two groups (t=1.974,Z=1.162,P<0.05).Of 31 patients in the RPH group,2 with pancreatic pseudocyst were misdiagnosed as pancreatic cancer and 29 were diagnosed accurately by imaging examinations.Of 31 patients in the CPH group,3 with liver metastasis were undetected by CT examination and the other 28 were diagnosed accurately by imaging examinations.Splenic vein occlusion,severe splenic vein stenosis,moderate splenic vein stenosis and mild splenic vein stenosis were detected in 2,17,10 and 2 of 31 patients in the RHP group.All the 31 patients in the CHP group mainly had dilation in splenic veins,with no clear stenosis.(2) Treatment and follow-up situations:patients in the two groups were followed up for 6-48 months,with a median time of 21 months.Of 21 patients with chronic pancreatitis complicated with pancreatic pseudocyst in the RPH group,7 underwent pancreatic pseudocyst puncture and drainage,6 of them had poor control on portal hypertension and 1 had moderate control;4 underwent pancreaticoenteric drainage,1 of them underwent pancreaticojejunostomy 4 years later and 3 of them had good control on portal hypertension;3 undergoing splenectomy combined with perigastrectomy had good control on portal hypertension;7 undergoing conservative treatment had good control on portal hypertension.Of 5 patients with carcinoma of pancreatic body and tail in the RHP group,2 undergoing distal pancreatectomy combined with splenectomy had good control on portal hypertension and 3 undergoing non-operative combined therapy died of primary disease one year later.One,1 and 1 patient with solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas,pancreatic serotls cystoadenoma and gastric stromal tumor respectively in the RHP group underwent relative surgical treatments and had good control on portal hypertension.One and 1 patient with retroperitoneal metastatic tumor and left renal carcinoma respectively in the RHP group underwent non-operative combined therapy and had good control on portal hypertension.All the 31 patients in the CHP group were mainly treated with protection of liver function,8 of them were encounted with medusa head,7 with upper gastrointestinal rehemorrhage within one year,5 with subcutaneous varicose vein of abdominal wall,3 with continuing increase of spleen volume and 8 had good control on portal hypertension.Conclusions RHP are existed in pancreatic,splenic or peritoneal diseases,especially the pancreatic primary diseases.The main imaging features of RHP include isolated gastric varices,perigastric varices and splenic vein occlusion without normal main portal vein and liver function.Surgical resection of primary tumor and reasonable splenectomy are effective therapy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696641

ABSTRACT

Objective According to the clinical and gene mutation characteristics of ACADVL-related very long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency(VLCADD),the types that contribute to the gene mutation of ACADVL were summarized.Methods By analyzing clinical,laboratory and genetic data of 1 case with ACADVL-related very long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency diagnosed from Department of Pediatrics,the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University in August 2016,based on the agreement signed by both the litde patient's parents and the hospital,plus the high-throughput sequencing analysis and PCR sequencing test for the 2 generation genes,some presented mutation sites were analyzed and concluded,in addition to taking "ACADVL" as key words to search the databases from CNKI,Wanfang(updated in 2016) as well as PubMed and related documents from On-line Mendal Inheritant databases of Man (OMIM) and HGMD.Results Through physical examination,VLCADD was diagnosed.After being given Levocamitine and the diet likemedium-chain fatty acid food for a week,the metabolism returned to normal.Tracking him for 3 months,his hepatitis obviously rebounded,within the reach of 3 cm under the right rib and 1 cm under the xiphoid.The exome sequencing study (trios) was identified the novel heterozygous mutation according to the statistics below A CAD VL (N M_000018.3) Exon7:c.608 C > T;p.(Pro203 Leu) (heterozygous) and A CAD VL (NM _000018.3) Exon18:c.1748C > T;p.(Ser583Leu) (heterozygous) in ACADVL.Relevant literature reported suggest these two mutations from both the parents are pathogenic genes,which can account for the reason why the boy got ill.However,these two mutations had not been reported in ACADVL-related VLCADD so far.Up to now,73 types of mutations from documents index were related to the VLCADD,but the clinical case included 75 kinds of gene mutations.Conclusions The apparent symptoms of the boy with the gene mutation were reflected in abnormal heart rates,hepatomegaly and hypoglycemia.VLCADD was diagnosed through genetic testing,and systematic treatment can partly control the development of the disease.In conclusion,the findings (exon 7 and 18) show that according to the genetic tests,disease-causing genes from both parents are new mutations of ACADVL and they are pathogenic.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2435-2438, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611783

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the feasibility of body surface electrodes instead of multipair esophageal electrodes for the evaluation of neural respiratory drive in patients with COPD. Methods Diaphragm electromyo-gram(EMG)from body surface electrodes and multipair esophageal electrodes,was recorded in 29 patients with stable COPD recruited from outpatient clinic. Changes of neural respiratory drive of two kinds of electrodes during resting and maximal isocapnic ventilation (MIV) were observed before and after inhalation of bronchodilators. Results Ventilation significantly improved ,RMS-sur and RMS-eso significantly decreased after the inhalation of bronchodilators during resting and MIV. RMS-sur and RMS-eso were significantly correlated(r=0.660,P<0.01). Conclusion EMG from the surface electrodes may be a useful and noninvasive technique to evaluate neural respi-ratory drive in patients with COPD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511552

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of maternal separation stress on the behavior of neonatal rd mice.Methods Neonatal rd mice were divided into maternal separation (MS) group (n=9) and control group (n=9).MS-stress was induced in the MS group by 4-hour-separation per day for 28 days.Open field test,elevated plus maze test,forced swim test and tail suspension test were used to evaluate the anxiety-like and depression-like behavior of the neonatal rd mice.Results The stay time and distance travelled of MS group in the central zone were 0.88% and 28.17±5.65 cm,respectively,significantly shorter than that of the control group (2.61%,109.9±9.79 cm.P =0.04,P =0.001).Compared with the control group,the stay time in open arms of the MS group was significantly decreased (P<0.01),while the immobility time in forced swim test and tail suspension test of the MS group were 126.5±10.22 s and 21.56±6.83 s,significantly longer than that of the control group (77.75±16.83 s,P =0.02,7.37±3.22 s,P =0.03).Conclutions The 28-day maternal separation stress can significantly increase the anxiety-like and depression-like behavior in neonatal rd mice.

11.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 662-666, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664426

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore and optimize the processes for synthesis of key intermediates of phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotides-7'-hydroxy-N-trityl morpholino nucleoside monomer in order to contribute to the research of phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotides antisense nucleotides.Methods With N-benzoylcytidine,guanosine and 5-methyluridine as starting materials,the ribose was modified to morpholino and the key chemical groups were protected to obtain 7'-hydroxy-N-trityl morpholino nucleoside monomer.Results Compounds N4-benzoyl-7'-hydroxy-N-trityl morpholinocytidine,N2-benzoyl-7'-hydroxy-N-trityl morpholinoguanosine and 7'-hydroxy-N-trityl morpholinothymidine were synthesized.The synthetic processes were optimized as well.The structures of all the intermediates and title compounds were characterized.Conclusion The synthetic processes of 7'-hydroxy-N-trityl morpholino nucleoside monomers have been optimized,which can be employed to prepare title compounds on a large scale.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660667

ABSTRACT

Objective · To discuss the relationship between unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) and T follicular helper (Tfh) cell subtypes. Methods · Twenty-eight normal early pregnancy women, who had undergone induced abortion, were taken as control, and 28 patients with URSA were enrolled in the abortion group. The mononuclear cells in peripheral blood and decidual tissues were separated in the two groups, and CXCR3+CCR6- Tfh cells, CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells, CXCR3-CCR6+ Tfh cells and B cells were tested by flow cytometry. Results · The decidual CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells significantly increased in the abortion group compared with control group (P=0.015). And there was a strong association between the decidual CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells and B cells in URSA patients (R2=0.779, P=0.025). Conclusion · The up-regulation of decidual CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells in early pregnancy women may be related with the occurrence of URSA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230948

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of baldrinal of Valeriana jatamansi on the expression of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) and tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) mRNA and levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in colon of rats with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and to explain its therapeutic mechanism on IBS through 5-HT pathway. Fifty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: blank group, model group, baldrinal high, medium and low dose groups, and pinaverium bromide group, n=9 in each group. The IBS rat models were established by using unpredictable chronic stress for 3 weeks followed by 1-hour acute restraint stress (CAS) after 7 days of rest and independent feeding. CRF expression was detected by IHC-P; TPH1 mRNA expression was detected by using RT-PCR and the 5-HT level was measured by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The results indicated that the method of chronic stress with acute restrain stress method and independent feeding could lead to the increase in expressions of CRF and TPH1 mRNA and levels of 5-HT in IBS rats(P<0.05). The expressions of CRF, TPH1 mRNA and 5-HT in baldrinal groups were significantly lower than those in model group(P<0.05). The experimental results showed that IBS could result in increase in the expressions of CRF, TPH1 mRNA and levels of 5-HT, and the baldrinal of V. jatamansi could improve the symptoms of IBS by reducing the expressions of CRF, TPH1 mRNA and levels of 5-HT in colon of rats.

14.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1530-1535, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe whether pretreatment with Pam3CSK4,a TLR2 agonist,could decrease the inflammation response in kidney from mice with systemic MRSA infection,and to investigate the mechanism of the attenuation of inflammation with Pam3CSK4 pretreatment. Methods:BALB/c mice were pretreated with Pam3CSK4 (10 μg/100 μl/each mouse) or PBS via tail vein once daily for two consecutive days. All mice were infected with live MRSA (ATCC43300) at 2×107 CFU/each mouse (via tail vein) 24 h after the second treatment. The levels of cytokines in kidney were measured by ELISA and real-time PCR,respectively. The relative expression of TLR2,IRAKs etc. were detected by real-time PCR. Western blot was performed to detect the phosphorylation of NF-κB, the expression of IRAK-M and A20,respectively. Results:The level of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β,CCL3 and IFN-γ in renal tissue from mice pretreated with Pam3CSK4 was decreased significantly compared with that from PBS-treated mice,respectively. Pam3CSK4 pretreatment down-regulated the relative expression of TLR2, inhibited the expression of IRAK-1 and the phosphorylation of NF-κB post infection. The expression of IRAK-M,one of the negative regulators in TLRs signaling pathway was increased significantly in renal tissue from Pam3CSK4-treated mice post infection. Conclusion:Pam3CSK4 pretreatment attenuated the inflammation response in kidney from mice with systemic MRSA infection,and these attenuation is related with up-regulation of IRAK-M.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658010

ABSTRACT

Objective · To discuss the relationship between unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) and T follicular helper (Tfh) cell subtypes. Methods · Twenty-eight normal early pregnancy women, who had undergone induced abortion, were taken as control, and 28 patients with URSA were enrolled in the abortion group. The mononuclear cells in peripheral blood and decidual tissues were separated in the two groups, and CXCR3+CCR6- Tfh cells, CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells, CXCR3-CCR6+ Tfh cells and B cells were tested by flow cytometry. Results · The decidual CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells significantly increased in the abortion group compared with control group (P=0.015). And there was a strong association between the decidual CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells and B cells in URSA patients (R2=0.779, P=0.025). Conclusion · The up-regulation of decidual CXCR3-CCR6- Tfh cells in early pregnancy women may be related with the occurrence of URSA.

16.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1530-1535, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe whether pretreatment with Pam3CSK4,a TLR2 agonist,could decrease the inflammation response in kidney from mice with systemic MRSA infection,and to investigate the mechanism of the attenuation of inflammation with Pam3CSK4 pretreatment. Methods:BALB/c mice were pretreated with Pam3CSK4 (10 μg/100 μl/each mouse) or PBS via tail vein once daily for two consecutive days. All mice were infected with live MRSA (ATCC43300) at 2×107 CFU/each mouse (via tail vein) 24 h after the second treatment. The levels of cytokines in kidney were measured by ELISA and real-time PCR,respectively. The relative expression of TLR2,IRAKs etc. were detected by real-time PCR. Western blot was performed to detect the phosphorylation of NF-κB, the expression of IRAK-M and A20,respectively. Results:The level of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β,CCL3 and IFN-γ in renal tissue from mice pretreated with Pam3CSK4 was decreased significantly compared with that from PBS-treated mice,respectively. Pam3CSK4 pretreatment down-regulated the relative expression of TLR2, inhibited the expression of IRAK-1 and the phosphorylation of NF-κB post infection. The expression of IRAK-M,one of the negative regulators in TLRs signaling pathway was increased significantly in renal tissue from Pam3CSK4-treated mice post infection. Conclusion:Pam3CSK4 pretreatment attenuated the inflammation response in kidney from mice with systemic MRSA infection,and these attenuation is related with up-regulation of IRAK-M.

17.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 634-638, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498353

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare novel alkanethiol modified magnetic silver flower nanoparticles as SERS substrate to chloramphenicol for Raman detection and to determine their enhancement effect.Methods An alkanethiol was chosen as a surface modifier of the substrate and was self-assembled onto the magnetic silver flower nanoparticle surface.The chloram-phenicol molecules were enriched to the surface of the substrate by hydrophobic interaction and the effect for detection of chloramphenicol SERS signal was enhanced.Results It was found that the 1-hexanethiol-modified SERS substrate was able to lead to stronger enhancement than 1-dodecanethiol and octadecanethiol.Fe3 O4@SiO2-Ag-C6 was used to detect the chloramphenicol (10 -3 -10 -10 mol/L) and chloramphenicol in milk (10 -3 -10 -9 mol/L) by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy.The detection limits were 0.1 nmol/L (32 ppt) and 1 nmol/L (323 ppt) respectively.Conclusion Alkanethiol modified magnetic silver flower nanoparticles are a highly active SERS substrate, which can be used for detection of low concentrations of analytical substances.

18.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 602-605, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495284

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the experiment conditions of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy detection of serum fingerprint spectra.Methods Normal human serum was used as the sample and Ag nanoparticles as the active substrate.The enhanced signals of different optimized experiments were obtained , including serum dose(2.5 to 500 μl), incubation time(10 to 30 minutes) temperature(4℃,room temperature and 37℃),and different treatment(extraction and protein removal).Results and Conclusion Serum doses should not exceed 50μl.The ratio should range from 1∶1 to 5∶1, the incubation time is from 10 to 30 minutes, and the incubation temperature from 4℃ to 37℃.The signals of samples directly mixed with an active substrate are stronger than those of samples which are extracted or protein removed .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264065

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of inhaled short-acting bronchodilators on diaphragm function and neural respiratory drive in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) during maximal isocapnic ventilation (MIV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-seven patient with moderate to severe COPD were randomized into 4 groups: placebo group (n=12), salbutamol group (n=13), ipratropium group (n=10), and combined group (salbutamol and ipratropium, n=12). Each subject received an initial MIV for 3 min at baseline and inhaled placebo (400 µg), salbutamol (400 µg), ipratropium (80 µg), or both salbutamol and ipratropium, followed 30 min later by another 3 min of MIV. The parameters of diaphragm function and neural respiratory drive were monitored continuously and calculated during MIV.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the initial MIV, all the patients experienced a linear increase in root mean square (RMS) of diaphragm electromyogram with a gradual decrease in transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), minute ventilation (VE), and VE/RMS, and these parameters all improved significantly after inhalation of the bronchodilators. Compared with the placebo group at the same time point, the 3 bronchodilator-treated groups showed significantly decreased RMS and Borg score and increased Pdi, VE and VE/RMS; VE/RMS was the highest in the combined treatment group (P<0.05). The Delta Borg was significantly correlated with Delta Pdi, Delta VE, Delta RMS, and Delta VE/RMS (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In COPD patients, inhaled short-acting bronchodilators can alleviate diaphragm fatigue during MIV, increase lung ventilation, reduce neural respiratory drive, and improve neuro-ventilatory coupling to relieve dyspnoea, and the combination of β-2 agonists and anti-muscarinic antagonists produces a stronger efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Albuterol , Therapeutic Uses , Bronchodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Diaphragm , Humans , Ipratropium , Therapeutic Uses , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Drug Therapy , Respiration
20.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 773-776, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503974

ABSTRACT

A new medical research technology that combines surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)with labeling immune technique is emerging with the development of SERS.This paper is intended to describe the principles, research progress and existing problems relating to SERS labeling immunoassay technology.We also summarize the research techniques for improving the sensitivity of SERS labeling immunoassay and the methods to eliminate nonspecific adsorption in SERS labeling immunoassay.Furthermore,the future development of SERS labeling immunoassay technology is discussed.

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