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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 317-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876692

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of high-level BK viruria after renal transplantation and the significance in preventing BK virus-associated nephropathy (BKVAN). Methods Clinical data of 262 renal transplant recipients with regular follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed. According to the DNA load of BK virus, all recipients were divided into the high-level BK viruria group (n=35) and non-high-level BK viruria group (n=227). The incidence of high-level BK viruria after renal transplantation was summarized. The risk factors of high-level BK viruria after renal transplantation were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate analysis. Survival curve was delineated by Kaplan-Meier method, and survival analysis of recipients was performed. Results Among 262 renal transplant recipients, 35 cases developed high-level BK viruria with an incidence of 13.4%. The median time of occurrence of high-level BK viruria was 181 (126, 315) d. The incidence was the highest within 6 months after renal transplantation, gradually decreased from 6 months to 2 years, and then increased after 2 years. Univariate analysis showed that the history of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) treatment, acute rejection (AR), donation type and delayed graft function (DGF) were the risk factors of high-level BK viruria after renal transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that donation after brain death followed by cardiac death (DBCD), AR and DGF were the independent risk factors of high-level BK viruria after renal transplantation. The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates of recipients with ATG treatment history, AR, DGF and donation type of DBCD were significantly lower than those with non-ATG treatment history, non-AR, non-DGF and other donation types [donation after brain death (DBD), donation after cardiac death (DCD) and living organ donation] respectively (all P < 0.05). Conclusions DBCD, AR and DGF are the independent risk factors of high-level BK viruria after renal transplantation. Strengthening the postoperative monitoring of these recipients and delivering early intervention may effectively prevent BKVAN.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2190-2195, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the protective effect of Alpinia zerumbet extract on acute gastric ulcer model mice. METHODS:Totally 48 mice were collected and randomly divided into blank group ,model group ,positive group (Sanjiu weitai granules,20 mg/kg),A. zerumbet extract high-dose ,medium-dose and low-dose groups (2.34,1.17,0.59 g/kg,by crude drug ), with 8 mice in each group. They were given normal saline or relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 7 d. Then,except for blank group ,other groups were given disposable intragastric administration of absolute ethanol 0.1 mL/10 g to establish acute gastric ulcer model. Another 48 mice were collected and grouped with same method ,and then given relevant medicine for consecutive 15 d. From the 10th day of administration ,except for blank group ,other groups were given intragastric administration of aspirin (20 mg/kg) for consecutive 6 d to establish acute gastric ulcer model. In ethanol induction model experiment,the formation of gastric ulcer and the index of gastric ulcer were observed in each group ;HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of gastric tissue ;the levels of gastrin (GAS)in serum ,and the levels of SOD ,MDA and NO in gastric tissue were determined by ELISA. In the aspirin induced model experiment ,the formation of gastric ulcer and the index of gastric ulcer were observed and measured by the same method ;the levels of GAS ,TNF-α,IL-1β in serum,and the levels of PGE2 and COX- 2 in gastric tissue were determined by ELISA. RESULTS :Compared with model group ,obvious ulcer lesions were found in gastric tissue of rats in model group ;the levels of GAS ,TNF-α,IL-1β in serum,and MDA ,NO in gastric tissue were increased significantly , while the levels of SOD , PGE2, (No.QZYY-2019- COX-2 in gastric tissue were decreased si gnificantly(P<0.05 063). Compared with model group ,the degree of gastric lesions in administration groups was alleviated to some extent;gastric ulcer index was decreased to some extent , mail:997845460@qq.com while the levels of the above indexes in serum and gastric tissue were improved in varying degrees , with statistical 制。E-mail:672863283@qq.com significance in most indexes (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:A. zerumbet extract exerts its protective effect on absolute ethanol and a spirin-induced acute gastric ulcer model mice,the mechanism of which may be relieving gastric mucosal injury through inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory response.

3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828747

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828583

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
5.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827018

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878831

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of different habitat processing methods of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma on acute myocardial ischemia induced by pituitrin in rats. In this experiment, the tail vein injection of pituitrin was used to induce acute myocardial ischemia in rats. Electrocardiograph(ECG) heart rate and ΔST changes were recorded, and the levels of creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and malondialdehyde(MDA) in serum of rats were detected to comprehensively evaluate the effects of six processing methods of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma on serum biochemical indexes of rats with acute myocardial injury. The ECG results showed that the Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma dried in a drying oven had a good effect on the improvement of heart rate and ΔST of electrocardiogram after ischemia, and all the other groups had some protective effects to different degrees. The results of biochemical indexes in serum of each group after ischemia showed that the activity of CK-MB decreased most significantly in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma high-dose group with drying in a drying oven after sweating and losing weight in a drying oven, high-dose group with drying in the shade and low-dose group with drying in the shade. The activity of LDH decreased most significantly in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma high-dose group with drying in the shade and low-dose group of drying in the shade. The activity of SOD increased most significantly in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma low-dose group with drying in sun, low-dose group with drying in sun after sweating and losing weight in sun, and low-dose group with drying in a drying oven. The activity of MDA decreased most significantly in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma low-dose group with drying in sun. The comprehensive scoring results showed that the highest score was obtained in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma high-dose group with drying in the shade while the scores of other treatment groups were higher than that of the model group. It could be seen that the Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma dried in a drying oven had a good improvement effect on electrocardiograph indexes after acute myocardial injury, the Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma dried in the shade had a good improvement effect on serum myocardial enzymes after acute myocardial injury, and the other processing methods had a certain protective effect on myocardial injury. The six processing methods evaluated by pharmacodynamics showed that the Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma dried in the shade and dried in a drying oven had good efficacy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ecosystem , Myocardial Ischemia , Rats , Rhizome , Salvia miltiorrhiza
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 821-824, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy and safety of apatinib combined with systemic chemotherapy for hepatic metastasis of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NEN). METHODS: Totally 60 patients with GEP-NEN in Hubei Provincial Tumor Hospital from Jan. 2016 to Jan. 2018 were randomly divided into systemic chemotherapy group, apatinib group and combination group, with 20 patients in each group. Systemic chemotherapy group was given Etoposide injection 80 mg/m2,once a day d1-5, intravenously+Cisplatin for injection 20 mg/m2,once a day d1-5,intravenously, every 3 weeks for a cycle. Apatinib group was given Apatinib mesylate tablets 0.5 g, once a day. Combination group received treatment as systemic chemotherapy group+apatinib group. All three groups were treated continuously for 3 months. The clinical efficacies of 3 groups were observed. The serum levels of tumor markers (CEA, NSE, CgA and CA19-9) before and after treatment, survival situation after treatment and the occurrence of ADR during treatment were also observed. RESULTS: The objective remission rate, disease control rate, median overall survival and survival rate of combination group were significantly higher or longer than those of systemic chemotherapy group and apatinib group. Median progression-free survival and the incidence of ADR were significantly shorter or lower than systemic chemotherapy group and apatinib group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of CEA, NSE, CgA and CA19-9 in 3 groups were significantly lower than before treatment, and combination group was significantly lower than systemic chemotherapy group and apatinib group (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in above indexes between systemic chemotherapy group and apatinib group (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Apatinib combined with systemic chemotherapy for liver metastasis of GEP-NEN is effective and safe, which can improve the level of serum tumor markers, prolong the survival time of patients and improve survival rate.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Ershen Pill (ESP, ) could alleviate the symptom of Pi (Spleen)-Shen (Kidney) yang deficiency (PSYD)-induced diarrhea in rat model and explore its anti-diarrhea mechanism.@*METHODS@#Seventy-five Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups by a random number table, including control, positive, model, low-dose (LD) and high-dose (HD) ESP groups, 15 rats in each group. All the rats, except those in the control group, were developed PSYD induced-diarrhea based on its pathology and etiology. The rats in positive, LD and HD ESP groups were treated with Shenling Baizhu Pill (), LD (1.05 g/kg) or HD (3.50 g/kg) ESP petroleum ether extract once a day for 2 weeks, respectively. Body weight change and diarrhea index were measured. The histology scores of the kidney were evaluated via hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Aquaporin-3 (AQP3) expression in the colon was analyzed by immunofluorescence, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, oral administration of LD and HD ESP prevented body weight loss and inhibited diarrhea after 2-week treatment (P<0.05). Kidney deterioration was impeded, and the histology score in LD and HD ESP groups were 8.2 and 10.5, respectively, which were both higher than those in the model group (P<0.05). In addition, ESP treatment alleviated rat colitis, and HD ESP significantly improved the AQP3 positive staining intensity in the colon tissue compared with the model group. The result from Western blot revealed that AQP3 protein synthesis in colon tissue of LD and HD ESP groups increased by 2.1- and 5.9-fold compared with the model group (P<0.05). qRT-PCR result showed that AQP3 gene expression in the HD ESP group was also up-regulated by 2.5-fold normalized to the model group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ESP extract effectively alleviates the symptoms of PSYD and relieves PSYD-induced diarrhea by improving AQP3 synthesis in the colon.

9.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 2233-2237, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664096

ABSTRACT

Compared with traditional oral administration and parenteral administration, transdermal administration has such fea-tures as convenient application, high local drug concentration and strong security. This paper reviewed the composition, characteristics and applications of new carriers ( microemulsions, ethosomes, transfersomes, niosomes, proliposomes, gels and so on) in transdermal drug delivery system with increased drug transdermal transport efficiency in recent years. The advantages of the new transdermal drug delivery carriers make them possess high research value and broad development space.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852487

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the HPLC fingerprint of Ershen Pills extracted with petroleum ether, which contains Psoraleae Fructus (PF) before and after processing, and initially set up the pattern recognition technique of the extract, so as to provide reference for quality control. Methods HPLC was used, and the separation was performed at 30 ℃ on an Spolar Hplc Packed C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm). Gradient elution was performed with the mobile phases of methanol-acetonitrile (1:1) and water containing 0.1% formic acid. The flow rate was 1 mL/min, and sample size was 10 μL. The UV detection wavelength was set at 210 nm. Furthermore, the fingerprint was analyzed by similarity analysis, as well as pattern recognition technique, including hierarchical clustering analysis and principal component analysis. Results The fingerprints were established respectively consisting of 28 common peaks well separated. There into, six compounds were identified (psoralen, isopsoralen, methyleugenol, methylisoeugenol, dehydrodiisoeugenol, and backuchiol). Compared with the reference spectrum, the similarity degrees were greater than 0.9. When dealing with principal component analysis, the samples were well divided into two categories, which was consistent with the principal component analysis. Meanwhile, the results of principal component analysis prompted some chromatographic peaks which could be used to distinguish between two species. Conclusion The method is stable and reliable, which can be used for quality control of Ershen Pills extracted with petroleum ether. Meanwhile, it is contributing to the entire quality control and quality evaluation when combined with chemical pattern recognition.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812096

ABSTRACT

The aims of the present study were to determine the effects of heparin-derived oligosaccharides (HDOs) on vascular intimal hyperplasia (IH) in balloon-injured carotid artery and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of action. An animal model was established by rubbing the endothelia within the common carotid artery (CCA) in male rabbits. The rabbits were fed a high-cholesterol diet. Arterial IH was determined by histopathological changes to the CCA. Serum lipids were detected using an automated biochemical analysis. Expressions of mRNAs for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA-1) were analyzed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays. Expressions of VEGF, VCAM-1, MCP-1, SR-BI and ABCA-1 proteins were analyzed by Western blotting. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to quantify expression levels of VEGF and bFGF. Our results showed that administration of HDO significantly inhibited CCA histopathology and restenosis induced by balloon injury. The treatment with HDOs significantly decreased the mRNA and protein expression levels of VEGF, bFGF, VCAM-1, MCP-1, and SR-BI in the arterial wall; however, ABCA-1 expression level was elevated. HDO treatment led to a reduction in serum lipids (total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density and low-density lipoproteins). Our results from the rabbit model indicated that HDOs could ameliorate IH and underlying mechanism might involve VEGF, bFGF, VCAM-1, MCP-1, SR-BI, and ABCA-1.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 , Animals , Carotid Artery Injuries , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Chemokine CCL2 , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Hyperplasia , Male , Oligosaccharides , Therapeutic Uses , Rabbits , Tunica Intima , Pathology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
12.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 660-664, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the formula of ropivacaine hydrochloride transdermal gel. Methods:The steady transdermal rate and cumulative transdermal percentage in 24 h of ropivacaine hydrochloride gel were used as the indices, an orthogonal design was applied to select the optimal formula, and Design Expert 8. 0. 5. 0 software was used to analyze the results. Results: The optimal formula con-tained 2% carbomer, 10% propylene-glycol and 5% Azone. The steady transdermal rate of the optimal formula was 0. 6951 mg·h-1 · cm-2 . The cumulative transdermal percentage in 24 h of the optimal formula was 91. 04%, which was 22. 79% higher than that of ropiva-caine hydrochloride solution with the same concentration. Design Expert 8. 0. 5. 0 software could predict the steady transdermal rate and cumulative transdermal percentage in 24 h of the optimal formula. Conclusion: The preparation design is reasonable, and the gel has promising properties, which is suitable for skin local application.

13.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 262-266, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486986

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the formula of amlexanox nasal thermosensitive gel spray and establish the quality control meth-od. Methods:Amlexanox nasal thermosensitive gel spray was prepared by a cold dissolving method, and poloxamer 407 (P407) and poloxamer 188 (P188) were used as the carrier materials. Central composite design-response surface methodology was used to optimize the formula with the amount of P407 and P188 as the influencing factors and the gel temperature and the viscosity before gelling as the indices. The content of amlexanox was determined by HPLC. According to Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 edition), the other indices of the preparation such as appearance, pH, viscosity, content, total spray times of each bottle and the content of each spray were deter-mined as well. Results:The optimum ratio of P407 and P188 was 17. 0% and 0. 9%,respectively . The average recovery of amlexanox was 98. 8% and RSD was 1. 7%(n=9). The quality of 3 batches of amlexanox nasal thermosensitive gel spray met the related require-ments. Conclusion:The formula and preparation process of amlexanox nasal thermosensitive gel spray are reasonable and feasible with controllable quality, which is worthy of further research.

14.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 448-452, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of three herb extracts on cell proliferation and collagen synthesis in cultured hu-man dermal fibroblasts. Methods:The human dermal fibroblasts were isolated and cultured with tissue explant culture technique. Im-munohistochemical staining was performed to observe vimentin in fibroblasts. The proliferation of fibroblasts was determined by MTT as-say. Hydroxyproline in the cultural medium was determined by a digestion method. Results:The cells were typical fibroblasts, and the immunohistochemistry staining of vimentin in the cells was positive. The three herb extracts could promote the proliferation of the fibro-blasts at appropriate concentrations in a time-dependent manner. After the 72-hour culture in the medium, 0. 312 5-5. 000 0 mg·ml-1 Aloe vera gel extract, 0. 156 3-2. 500 0 mg·ml-1 Bletilla striata extract and 0. 075 0 mg·ml-1 salvianolate showed significant effects on the proliferation of fibroblasts (P<0. 05 or P<0. 01 vs the blank group). Compared with that in the blank group, the amount of hydroxyproline in the three herb extracts cultural medium was also increased (P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). The effect of salvianolate on the cell proliferation was closely related with time and concentration, and the high concentration group could inhibit the growth of fibroblasts as the extension of time. Conclusion:Aloe vera gel extract, bletilla striata extract and salvianolate can promote the proliferation of fi-broblasts and the production of hydroxyproline, which may contribute to the wound healing.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481901

ABSTRACT

Taking human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC)as experimental model which can simulate tumor-derived vascular endothelial cells;the effects of CPU-XT-008;an amino sugar derivative of combretastatin A-4 (CA-4);on HUVEC proliferation;cell cycle distribution;tubulin polymerization and the key regulatory pro-tein of cell cycle were studied.The effect of CPU-XT-008 on the proliferation of HUVEC was determined by MTT assay.The cell cycle distribution caused by CPU-XT-008 was detected by flow cytometry.Immunofluorescence was used to detect apoptosis and tubulin polymerization.The expressions of Cyclin B1;Cdc2 and β-tubulin were detected by Western blotting.Results demonstrated that CPU-XT-008 could target tubulin and inhibit the poly-merization ofβ-tubulin;and it could lead to G2/M cell cycle arrest in HUVEC by up-regulating Cyclin B1 expres-sion and down-regulating Cdc2 and p-Cdc2 expression;which resulted in inhibiting the proliferation of HUVEC and inducing its apoptosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246088

ABSTRACT

The metabonomics method was used to study the intervention effect of Psoraleae Fructus and Myristicae Semen in "Ershen pill" on the changes in serum endogenous metabolites in spleen-kidney Yang deficiency diarrhea rats before and after processing, screen out differentiated metabolites related to spleen-kidney Yang deficiency diarrhea and explore the metabolic patterns related to spleen-kidney Yang deficiency diarrhea and the processing synergy mechanism of Psoraleae Fructus and Myristicae Semen in "Ershen pill". Efforts were made to detect SOD and MDA of each group, test rat serum metabolic fingerprints in different stages by using GC-MS, analyze by PCA and PLS-DA methods and screen out potential biomarks through VIP and t test. The results revealed that "Ershen pill" could enhance the level of SOD and decrease the level of MDA and identified 10 differentiated metabolites related to spleen-kidney Yang deficiency diarrhea. Compared with the model group, all of metabolites recovered to varying levels after being intervened with "Ershen pill", with the best effect shown in the "Ershen pill" IV group (salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus + bran-roasted Myristicae Semen). It is speculated that that Psoraleae Fructus and Semen Myristicae in "Ershen pill" show a synergistic effect by inhibiting peroxide, improving aglucolipid, amino acids and energy metabolism, with multiple target sites.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Diarrhea , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Energy Metabolism , Humans , Kidney , Metabolism , Male , Metabolomics , Myristicaceae , Chemistry , Psoralea , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spleen , Metabolism , Yang Deficiency , Drug Therapy , Metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256855

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the quality of life in patients with prevertebral or retrosternal reconstruction after cervical tubular gastroesophagostomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 167 patients enrolled in this prospective study from July 2008 to June 2012 in Shantou Central Hospital, and divided into prevertebral route group(85 cases) and retrosternal route group(82 cases) according to the random number table method. Quality of life questionnaire was investigated 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after operation respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of anastomotic stenosis was lower in the prevertebral route group (P<0.05). However, the differences in perioperative general conditions between the two groups were not statistically significant(all P>0.05). One hundred and forty-nine patients completed the postoperative quality of life questionnaire. Dysphagia and swallowing retching symptom were better, while acid reflux and heartburn symptom were more serious in prevertebral route group as compared to retrosternal route group(all P<0.05). Overall quality of life score difference between the two groups was not statistically significant(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For digestive tract reconstruction after resection of esophageal cancer, tubular gastroesophagostomy by prevertebral or retrosternal route both can obtain better quality of life after surgery. Swallowing function after surgery of the former is superior to the latter, but the reflux symptoms is more serious. Therefore the two mehods have their own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of route should be depended on clinical experience and patient condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagectomy , Gastrectomy , Humans , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263872

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the effect of Danshen on liver regeneration capacity of carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Computer retrieval of data from CJFD, CBM, Chinese science & technology journal full-text database and Chinese medical association digital journals, and such foreign databases as PubMed, EMBASE and SCI was included in the randomized controlled trials (RCT) of rat liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride,with the search as at May 2012. A Meta analysis was made using Rev-Man 5.1 software. Using the GRADE system to addess five outcomes in stuay.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Two hundred and fourteen rats got involved in seven randomized trials. Meta analysis showed there were statistical differences between the Danshen group and the control group in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and hyaluronic acid (HA) after rat liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride. When we used system to each outcome, because of serious limitations and indirect, they are all very low quality.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Danshen shows certain promoting effect to liver regeneration in carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Tetrachloride , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Liver Regeneration , Phenanthrolines , Pharmacology , Rats , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry
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