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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3067-3079, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982900

ABSTRACT

A series of new monobactam sulfonates is continuously synthesized and evaluated for their antimicrobial efficacies against Gram-negative bacteria. Compound 33a (IMBZ18G) is highly effective in vitro and in vivo against clinically intractable multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative strains, with a highly druglike nature. The checkerboard assay reveals its significant synergistic effect with β-lactamase inhibitor avibactam, and the MIC values against MDR enterobacteria were reduced up to 4-512 folds. X-ray co-crystal and chemoproteomic assays indicate that the anti-MDR bacteria effect of 33a results from the dual inhibition of the common PBP3 and some class A and C β-lactamases. Accordingly, preclinical studies of 33a alone and 33a‒avibactam combination as potential innovative candidates are actively going on, in the treatment of β-lactamase-producing MDR Gram-negative bacterial infections.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 658-661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the application experience and clinical effect of radial artery in total arterial coronary revascularization (TAR) in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients who underwent TAR at the University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Hospital from July 1, 2020 to May 30, 2022. Patients were divided into ≥ 65-year-old group and < 65-year-old group according to age. The radial artery blood flow, diameter, intimal integrity and Allen test were evaluated by ultrasound before operation. The distal ends of radial artery were collected for pathological examination during operation. Coronary artery CT angiography (CTA) was examined postoperatively and follow up. The safety and reliability of ultrasonic assessment of radial artery and application of radial artery in elderly patients with TAR were summarized and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 101 patients received TAR, including 35 cases aged ≥ 65 years old, 66 cases aged < 65 years old; 78 cases used bilateral radial arteries, and 23 cases used unilateral radial arteries. 4 cases of bilateral internal mammary arteries. All the proximal ends of the radial artery were anastomosed to the proximal end of the ascending aorta, 34 cases were performed of "Y" grafts, and 4 cases were sequential anastomoses. There was no in-hospital death and perioperative cardiovascular events. Perioperative cerebral infarction occurred in 3 patients. 1 patients was reoperated for bleeding. Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) assistance was used in 21 patients. Poor wound healing occurred in 2 cases and healed well after debridement. Follow-up of 2 to 20 months after discharge showed no internal mammary artery occlusion and 4 radial artery occlusions; no major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) occurred, and the survival rate was 100%. There was no significant difference in the above perioperative complications and follow-up endpoints between the two age groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#By adjusting the order of bypass anastomosis and optimizing the preoperative evaluation method, radial artery combined with internal mammary artery can obtain better outcome early in TAR, and can be safely and reliably applied to elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Radial Artery/transplantation , Coronary Vessels , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 415-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981972

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease that affects multiple organs and systems. It is more common in women of childbearing age. Compared with the general population, pregnant women with SLE are at a significantly increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes such as preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction. In addition, the offspring of SLE patients may also be adversely affected by in utero exposure to maternal autoantibodies, cytokines, and drugs. This article summarizes the long-term developmental outcomes of offspring of pregnant women with SLE in terms of the blood system, circulatory system, nervous system, and immune system.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Premature Birth/etiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
4.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 571-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981901

ABSTRACT

The concept of "ntigen"is a relative one. The narrow concept of it condenses the process of activation of adaptive immune response and re-recognition of the same antigen, revealing the protective mechanism of vaccines with great significance for research and development of vaccines. However, the narrow concept involves adaptive immune system members: B cells, T cells and their effector products, which is difficult for beginners to understand the inherent meaning. Meanwhile, antigen classification fully summarizes the immune response process, so a variety of classification approach increases the difficulty in learning. Our teaching team analyzes the difficulties of this chapter in depth, and we implements the strategy that takes antibody structure and function as the breakthrough point and simplified adaptive immune response process as the core in teaching. A mind map that includes the main contents of this chapter is made during the process, which promotes the effectiveness of classroom teaching greatly.


Subject(s)
Learning , Vaccines , Antibodies
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3556-3564, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981487

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of Gualou Xiebai Decoction on rats with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. The rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(2.4 g·kg~(-1)), a high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(4.8 g·kg~(-1)), and pirfenidone group(150 mg·kg~(-1)). The model of pulmonary fibrosis was established by intratracheal instillation of bleomycin in all groups, except the control group. Since the second day of modeling, the corresponding drugs were given to rats by intragastric administration, once a day for 14 d and 28 d. The hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to evaluate the degree of inflammatory injury in lung tissues. The immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of CD68 and CD163 in lung tissues of rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in serum and brochoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of pyroptosis-related genes in lung tissues of rats was detected by qRT-PCR. The results of HE staining and immunofluorescence staining showed that the lung tissue structure was normal in the control group. In addition, there were alveolar collapse or even closure in lung tissues of rats in the model group, with obvious inflammatory cell infiltration, and the expression of CD68 and CD163 was significantly up-regulated. As compared with the model group, the lung tissue structure of rats in the Gualou Xiebai Decoction groups was significantly improved, with alleviated inflammation, and the expression of CD68 and CD163 was decreased. As compared with the control group, the level of TNF-α in serum and BALF of rats in the model group was significantly increased(P<0.01), the mRNA expression levels of alpha smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), collagen type Ⅰ alpha 1 chain(Col1a1), caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18, gasdermin D(Gsdmd), and NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3(NLRP3) in lung tissues were significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01), and the mRNA expression level of E-cadherin was significantly decreased(P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the level of TNF-α in serum and BALF was significantly down-regulated in the high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(P<0.05, P<0.01), and that of IL-10 was up-regulated(P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA expression levels of α-SMA, Col1a1, caspase-1, IL-18, Gsdmd, NLRP3 and IL-1β in lung tissues were significantly decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01) in the high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group, and the mRNA expression level of E-cadherin was significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01). In conclusion, Gualou Xiebai Decoction can down-regulate the levels of inflammatory factors and related genes and effectively mitigate pulmonary fibrosis by regulating the pyroptosis pathways.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 433-437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984740

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and value of histogram analysis based on two-dimensional gray-scale ultrasonography in the differential diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and thyroid adenoma (TA). Methods: The preoperative ultrasound images of 86 newly diagnosed MTC patients and 100 TA patients treated in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2015 to October 2021 were collected. Histograms were performed based on the regions of interest (ROIs) delineated manually by two radiologists, thereafter, mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis, percentiles (1st, 10th, 50th, 90th, 99th) were generated. The histogram parameters between the MTC group and the TA group were compared, and the independent predictors were screened by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to compare the individual diagnostic efficacy and joint diagnostic efficacy of independent predictors. Results: Multivariate regression analysis showed that mean, skewness, kurtosis and 50th percentile were independent factors. The skewness and kurtosis in the MTC group were significantly higher than those in the TA group, and the mean and 50th percentile were significantly lower than those in the TA group. The area under the individual ROC curve of mean, skewness, kurtosis and 50th percentile is 0.654-0.778. The area under the combined ROC curve is 0.826. Conclusion: Histogram analysis based on two-dimensional gray-scale ultrasonography is a promising tool to distinguish MTC from TA, in which the joint diagnosis value of mean, skewness, kurtosis and 50th percentile is the highest.


Subject(s)
Humans , ROC Curve , Diagnosis, Differential , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
7.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1745-1749, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984525

ABSTRACT

This paper summarized professor ZHANG Lei′s experience in treating scleroderma from “extraordinary pathogens entering collaterals”. The basic pathogenesis of scleroderma is “extraordinary pathogens entering the collaterals”, and extraordinary pathogens can be divided into external and internal categories. External extraordinary pathogens are mostly exogenous wind, cold and damp pathogens, and the pathogenesis is wind, cold and damp invading skin stria and retaining collaterals. Most of the endogenous extraordinary pathogens are turbid phlegm and blood stasis, and the pathogenesis is endogenous phlegm and stasis leaving the channels and overflowing the collaterals, and blocking the collaterals. Blocked by extraordinary pathogens for a long time, the long illness will lead to deficiency and develop into a syndrome of collaterals excess and channels deficiency. Therefore, professor ZHANG creats Tengluo Beverage (藤络饮) as the basic formula to unblock collaterals and dispel pathogens, and recommends to add or subtract it according to the different syndrome and pathogenic characteristics of the edema stage, sclerosis stage, and atrophy stage. In the edema stage, it is advised to expel wind, remove dampness and unblock the collaterals, while in the sclerosis stage, the method of dissolving phlegm, expelling stasis and unblocking collaterals should be used; in the atrophic stage, it is suggested to differentiate the deficiency of qi, blood, yin and yang, and eliminate extraordinary pathogens on the basis of reinforcing healthy qi .

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1000-1002, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984482

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the role of rs 12145833 polymorphism of SDCCAG 8 gene in the intervention of childhood obesity, so as to provide scientific basis for formulating personalized intervention measures based on genetic background in children with obesity.@*Methods@#From September 2018 to June 2019, a total of 393 children aged 8-10 years in Beijing were enrolled in a cluster randomized controlled trial. Eight schools were randomly allocated into intervention group and control group at a ratio of 1∶1. Saliva DNA samples were collected to detect rs 12145833 polymorphism of SDCCAG 8 gene. The intervention group received a comprehensive intervention, while the control group received usual practice. Intervention measures included diet improvement, sports, school amd family sport. The obesity related indicators were measured at baseline and after the end of intervention 1 academic year. Multiple linear regression and Logistic regression were used to analyze the interaction between genes and intervention on obesity indicators.@*Results@#In the intervention group, children with TT genotype of rs 12145833 of the SDCCAG 8 gene had less increase in systolic( β=4.56, 95%CI=1.84-7.28, P <0.01) and diastolic blood pressure( β=2.59, 95%CI=0.45-4.73, P <0.05) than those with GT and GG genotypes. In the control group, the systolic blood pressure of children with TT genotype increased more than those with GT and GG genotype( β=-2.86, 95%CI=-5.63--0.83, P <0.05). There was an interaction between rs 12145833 polymorphism of SDCCAG 8 gene and intervention on systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and body fat percentage in children( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Children with TT genotype of rs 12145833 in the SDCCAG 8 gene are more sensitive to obesity intervention than those with GG and GT genotypes, especially in the improvement of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and body fat percentage. Further trials to study the role of rs 12145833 polymorphism of SDCCAG 8 gene in the intervention of childhood obesity among different ethnic populations are needed.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 891-895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986004

ABSTRACT

A 50-year-old man with a 15-year history of elevated blood glucose and an approximately 2-year history of diarrhea was admitted to the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. The initial diagnosis was type 2 diabetes. After repeated pancreatitis and pancreatoduodenectomy, severe pancreatic endocrine and exocrine dysfunction including alternating high and low blood glucose and fat diarrhea occurred. Tests for type 1 diabetes-related antibodies were all negative, C-peptide levels were substantially reduced, fat-soluble vitamin levels were reduced, and there was no obvious insulin resistance. Therefore, a diagnosis of pancreatic diabetes was clear. The patient was given small doses of insulin and supplementary pancreatin and micronutrients. Diarrhea was relieved and blood glucose was controlled. The purpose of this article is to raise clinicians' awareness of the possibility of pancreatic diabetes after pancreatitis or pancreatic surgery. Timely intervention and monitoring may reduce the occurrence of complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Pancreatitis, Chronic/complications , Malnutrition/complications
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 713-719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985552

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the performance of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid detection in screening of contacts of COVID-19 cases in same flights and provide evidence for the effective screening of persons at high risk for the infection in domestic flights. Methods: The information of passengers who took same domestic flights with COVID-19 cases in China from April 1, 2020 to April 30, 2022 were retrospectively collected,and χ2 test was used to analyze positive nucleic acid detection rates in the passengers in different times before the onsets of the index cases, in different seat rows and in epidemic periods of different 2019-nCoV variants. Results: During the study period, a total of 433 index cases were identified among 23 548 passengers in 370 flights. Subsequently, 72 positive cases of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid were detected in the passengers, in whom 57 were accompanying persons of the index cases. Further analysis of the another 15 passengers who tested positive for the nucleic acid showed that 86.67% of them had onsets or positive detections within 3 days after the diagnosis of the index cases, and the boarding times were all within 4 days before the onsets of the index cases. The positive detection rate in the passengers who seated in first three rows before and after the index cases was 0.15% (95%CI: 0.08%-0.27%), significantly higher than in the passengers in other rows (0.04%, 95%CI: 0.02%-0.10%, P=0.007),and there was no significant difference in the positive detection rate among the passengers in each of the 3 rows before and after the index cases (P=0.577). No significant differences were found in the positive detection rate in the passengers, except the accompanying persons, among the epidemics caused by different 2019-nCoV variants (P=0.565). During the Omicron epidemic period, all the positive detections in the passengers, except the accompanying persons, were within 3 days before the onset of the index cases. Conclusions: The screening test of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid can be conducted in the passengers took the same flights within 4 days before the onsets of the index cases on board. Passengers who seated within 3 rows from the index cases can considered as the close contacts at high risk for 2019-nCoV, for whom screening should be conducted first and special managements are needed. The passengers in other rows can be classified as general risk persons for screening and management.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , China , Nucleic Acids
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 935-940, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985499

ABSTRACT

The incidence of perinatal disease and perinatal mortality in small for gestational age infants increased significantly. This group of people is prone to a variety of long-term metabolic diseases and cardiovascular diseases, and is also prone to growth retardation and neurodevelopmental delay, which will seriously affect the long-term quality of life of children. The article studies the neurodevelopmental outcomes of small-for-gestational-age infants. By reviewing and sorting out previous literature, the neurodevelopmental disorders of small-for-gestational-age infants are analyzed according to five aspects: intellectual development, motor development, language development, sensory development, and mental illness. The classification and summary were carried out, and the influencing factors of neurodevelopmental disorders of SGA were also evaluated, so as to provide reference for promoting the improvement of neurodevelopmental outcomes of small-for-gestational-age infants.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Child , Infant , Humans , Gestational Age , Quality of Life , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Fetal Growth Retardation/epidemiology
12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 424-431, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964809

ABSTRACT

Liver cirrhosis is a common chronic liver disease in clinical practice, and the main causes of this disease include virus, alcohol, and immunity. Patients may experience a variety of complications in the late stage of liver cirrhosis, including upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, and liver cancer, among which upper gastrointestinal bleeding is the main cause of death, and therefore, the control and prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by liver cirrhosis is the key to reducing mortality rate and prolonging survival time. This article summarizes the commonly used minimally invasive methods for the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in liver cirrhosis and analyzes the indications for different treatment methods and related advances, so as to provide a reference for clinicians to choose the most suitable treatment regimen for the patient, thereby improving the survival rate of patients.

13.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 60-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996417

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of the TST-IGRA two-step method in the screening of close contacts of active tuberculosis patients among three high schools in Jinshan District in 2020-2021,and to provide evidence for improving the prevention and control of tuberculosis in schools. Methods Three school tuberculosis outbreaks in Jingshan District from 2020 to 2021 were included in the present study. After excluding active tuberculosis, tuberculin skin test and γ-interferon release assay (IGRA) were conducted to screen latent infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in close contacts, and the necessity of the two-step method was analyzed. Results A total of 362 close contacts were screened in the three outbreaks, and 350 people were tested by TST. Comparing the results of TST and IGRA among different types of close contacts, it was found that the positive rate of TST in teachers was higher than that in students(54.84% vs 20.38%,P<0.05). The positive rate of TST among students from high-burden areas of pulmonary tuberculosis in Shanghai was higher than that of local students(24.71% vs 18.80%,P<0.05). IGRA detection was performed on those with moderate and strong positive TST results, and the results showed that the positive rate of IGRA in those with strong positive TST results was only 17.7%, with Kappa value of 0.3. Conclusion The prevention and control of tuberculosis in school should strengthen the annual health examination of teachers and staff, promote timely medical treatment for suspected tuberculosis symptoms, reasonably increase the screening frequency of students in high-burden areas of tuberculosis in Shanghai, and collect students’ previous history of tuberculosis exposure. When screening close contacts, after excluding active tuberculosis, it is recommended that TST and IGRA should be combined to determine latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and achieve accurate intervention.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2396-2401, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To systematically evaluate the safety and effectiveness of intravenous human immunoglobulin (IVIG) combined with cyclophosphamide in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to provide an evidence-based basis for clinical medication. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI and Wanfang database, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about IVIG combined with cyclophosphamide versus cyclophosphamide alone based on glucocorticoids were collected. The quality of the included literature was evaluated with Cochrane 5.1.0 risk of bias assessment tool after literature screening and data extraction, and meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.4 software. RESULTS A total of 13 RCTs were included, involving 842 patients. Meta-analysis showed that compared with cyclophosphamide alone, IVIG combined with cyclophosphamide improved the overall response rate of systemic lupus erythematosus [RR=1.23, 95%CI(1.15, 1.32), P<0.000 01], lowered the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index [MD=-2.05, 95%CI(-2.51, -1.60), P<0.000 01], relieved 24 h proteinuria [MD=-1.29, 95%CI(-1.57, -1.01), P<0.000 01], reduced the inflammatory factor MCP-4 [MD=-28.04, 95%CI(-32.72, -23.37, P<0.000 01)], IL-4 [MD=-1.66, 95%CI(-1.96, -1.36), P<0.000 01], and boosted immune complement C3 [SMD=0.74,95%CI(0.34,1.14), P=0.000 3] and complement C4 [SMD=0.99,95%CI (0.31,1.67), P=0.004]; it had similar incidence of adverse drug reactions to cyclophosphamide therapy alone [RR=0.81, 95%CI (0.57, 1.17), P=0.26]. CONCLUSIONS Compared with cyclophosphamide alone, IVIG combined with cyclophosphamide has a positive role in improving the overall response rate of treating SLE, improving clinical symptoms, reducing inflammatory factors, improving immune function, but the results should be interpreted with caution.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 333-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular network of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in Yunnan Province and the factors influencing it.Methods:Demographic data and plasma samples of HIV/AIDS patients in Yunnan drug resistance monitoring database from 2018 to 2021 were collected. HIV-1 pol gene fragments (protease and reverse transcriptase region) were amplified using RT-PCR and then sequenced. The optimal gene distance was selected and a molecular network was constructed based on the sequences of CRF01_AE genotype. Results:In this study, a total of 967 sequences of CRF01_AE genotype were obtained by sequencing. At the optimal gene distance threshold of 1.75%, a total of 320 sequences were involved in the network with a rate of 33.1%, and 84 clusters were identified. In the regional distribution, one cluster dominated by multiple regions, one cluster dominated by Zhaotong, one cluster dominated by Honghe and five clusters dominated by Wenshan were formed in the network. In the network, 75.8% of heterosexual men were connected with other heterosexual men and 54.1% were connected with heterosexual women. There was potential transmission among 66.7% of men who have sex with men (MSM). HIV/AIDS patients in Chuxiong, Dali, Dehong, Honghe, Lincang, Pu′er, Wenshan, Yuxi and Zhaotong were more likely to be involved in the network that those in Kunming. People who were 50 years old and above were more likely to be involved in the network than those less than 25 years old. Factors influencing HIV/AIDS patients with HIV-1 CRF01_AE infection to become high-risk transmitters in Yunnan were not found and further study on this subject was needed.Conclusions:HIV-1 CRF01_AE strains had spread actively in different regions of Yunnan Province and the transmission network was complex. Dynamic monitoring of CRF01_AE strains should be strengthened and a precise intervention for high-risk transmitters should be performed to reduce new infections.

16.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 325-330, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the prenatal diagnosis features, classification and pregnancy outcome of anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery branch from the aorta (AOPA).Methods:This study involved 14 cases who were prenatally diagnosed with AOPA in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center between June 2016 and August 2022. Prenatal and postnatal echocardiographic features, postpartum diagnosis, surgical treatment and pregnancy outcome in these cases were summarized and analyzed by descriptive analysis.Results:Out of the 14 fetuses, there were seven fetuses with proximal-type AOPA (including three isolated AOPA, three Berry syndrome and one with interruption of the aortic arch, aorticopulmonary septal defect and ventricular septal defect) and another seven with isolated distal-type of AOPA. Among the seven cases of proximal-type AOPA, two were terminated and five were born alive. The postpartum diagnosis was consistent with the prenatal diagnosis in the five babies who later underwent surgical treatment with good outcomes. Among the seven cases of distal-type AOPA, one was terminated; two were initially diagnosed as AOPA in the neonatal period but then as unilateral absence of pulmonary artery (UAPA) due to tapering or closure of the ductus arteriosus during follow-up; the other four were confirmed with UAPA after delivery. All of the six neonates underwent surgical treatment with good outcomes.Conclusions:Prenatal diagnosis and classification of AOPA should be as accurate as possible. It is recommended that the distal-type of AOPA could be diagnosed as UAPA after delivery and treated according to UAPA. Both kinds of patients should be treated with surgery timely after delivery to ensure a good prognosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 254-257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995096

ABSTRACT

Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the leading causes of neonatal death and no effective therapeutic drugs are currently available. Breastfeeding is a safe and effective preventive measure for NEC. Human breast milk-derived exosomes (HM-exos), which are membranous vesicles in breast milk, play an important role in maintaining the integrity of the intestinal barrier and promoting the repair of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) damage through protecting IECs from oxidative stress, improving the proliferation and migration of IECs, maintaining the tight connection between IECs, inhibiting inflammatory response and regulating immune response.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 547-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between the development of postoperative delirium and sleep quality in elderly patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.Methods:The medical records of elderly patients who underwent elective non-cardiac surgery from May 2011 to November 2013, aged ≥ 65 yr, with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ, were collected. The patient′s age, gender, body mass index, years of education, preoperative comorbidities, and results of the last preoperative laboratory examination; sedatives given at the night before surgery, anesthesia methods, intraoperative medication, anesthesia time, surgical time, surgical type, whether it was a malignant tumor, and intraoperative intake and output; postoperative analgesia methods, subjective sleep quality scores and postoperative delirium were collected.The patients were divided into delirium group and non-delirium group according to whether delirium occurred on the morning of 1st postoperative day and later. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for postoperative delirium and evaluate the relationship between postoperative delirium and sleep quality.Results:A total of 700 patients were ultimately enrolled, and 111 patients developed delirium, with an incidence of 15.9%.The results of multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that poor sleep quality on the night of surgery, advanced age, previous stroke history and postoperative intensive care unit admission of patients with catheters were risk factors for postoperative delirium ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Poor sleep quality on the night of surgery, advanced age, previous stroke history and postoperative intensive care unit admission of patients with catheters are the risk factors for postoperative delirium.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 307-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of exosomes derived from bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs-EXO) on the postoperative cognitive function and silent infomation regulator 1 (SIRT1)/ nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway in aged mice.Methods:BMSCs-EXO were isolated by differential centrifugation method and then identified. Twenty healthy male C57BL/6 aged mice, aged 18 months, weighing 35-40 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=5 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), operation group (O group), BMSCs-EXO group and EX527 (SIRT1 inhibitor)group. The abdomen regions were shaved for sterilization without exploratory laparotomy in Sham group. Exploratory laparotomy was performed in O group. BMSCs-EXO 50 μg was injected through the tail vein at 1 h before surgery in BMSCs-EXO group. EX527 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected daily at 1-3 days before surgery, and BMSCs-EXO 50 μg was injected through the tail vein at 1 h before surgery in EX527 group. Morris water maze test was used to evaluate the learning and memory ability for 5 consecutive days staring from the 1st day after surgery. Mice were sacrificed at 1 h after the end of Morris water maze test on day 5 after surgery, and the hippocampal tissues were collected for observation of the pathological changes of hippocampal CA1 region and for determination of the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1β mRNA (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction) and SIRT1 and NF-κB p65 (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the times of original platform crossing were decreased, the swimming time spent in the original platform quadrant was shortened, the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1β mRNA was up-regulated, the SIRT1 expression was down-regulated, the NF-κB p65 expression was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes of hippocampal tissues in CA1 region were found in O group. Compared with O group, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the times of original platform crossing were increased, the swimming time spent in the original platform quadrant was prolonged, the expression of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA was down-regulated, the expression of SIRT1 was up-regulated, the expression of NF-κB p65 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes of hippocampal tissues in CA1 region were significantly attenuated in BMSCs-EXO group ( P<0.05). Compared with BMSCs-EXO group, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the times of original platform crossing were decreased, the swimming time spent in the original platform quadrant was shortened, the expression of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA was up-regulated, the SIRT1 expression was down-regulated, the NF-κB p65 expression was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes of hippocampal tissues in CA1 region were accentuated in EX527 group. Conclusions:BMSCs-EXO can improve the postoperative cognitive function in aged mice, and the mechanism may be associated with the activation of SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 505-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of laparoscopic versus open liver resection for colorectal cancer liver metastasis on the interval between surgery and chemotherapy, the perioperative outcomes and the prognosis of patients.Methods:A total of 127 patients undergoing colorectal cancer liver metastasis resection in the Department of General Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, from January 2014 to February 2023 were retrospectively analyzed, including 81 males and 46 females, aged (60.0±8.9) years. Based on surgical approaches, the patients were divided into the laparoscopic group ( n=33) and the open group ( n=94). After propensity score matching (PSM), 26 cases in the laparoscopic group were matched with 45 cases in the open group. The maximum tumor diameter, proportion of tumors involving both lobes, and proportion of solitary tumors, interval between surgery and first cycle of chemotherapy, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay and the prognosis of patients were compared between the two groups after matching. Survival curves and rates were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and log-rank test. Results:After PSM, there were no significant differences in the baseline data of patients, including tumor maximum diameter, proportion of tumors involving both lobes, and proportion of solitary tumors between the two groups (all P>0.05), indicating comparability. After matching, the interval between surgery and first cycle of chemotherapy in the laparoscopic group (34.4±11.2) d was shorter than that in the open group (46.7±28.0) d, the laparoscopic group had a lower incidence of postoperative complications[0 vs 20.0%(9/45)] and a shorter postoperative hospital stay[6.0 (5.0, 6.2) d vs 8.0 (7.0, 11.5) d] compared to the open group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the recurrence-free survival rate (χ 2=3.27, P=0.070) and the cumulative survival rate (χ 2=0.001, P=0.974) between the two groups. Conclusion:In patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis, laparoscopic liver surgery showed a lower incidence of postoperative complications and a shorter postoperative hospital stay compared to open surgery. The interval between surgery and first cycle of chemotherapy is shorter after laparoscopic surgery. The long-term prognosis is comparable in the laparoscopic and open surgery.

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