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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 589-595, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of predicting proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in adults after spinal deformity surgery based on back-forward Bending CT localization images and related predictive indicators.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 31 adult patients with spinal deformity who underwent posterior osteotomy and long-segment fusion fixation between March 2017 and March 2020. There were 5 males and 26 females with an average age of 62.5 years (range, 30-77 years). The upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) located at T 5 in 1 case, T 6 in 1 case, T 9 in 13 cases, T 10 in 12 cases, and T 11 in 4 cases. The lowest instrumented vertebrae (LIV) located at L 1 in 3 cases, L 2 in 3 cases, L 3 in 10 cases, L 4 in 7 cases, L 5 in 5 cases, and S 1 in 3 cases. Based on the full-length lateral X-ray film of the spine in the standing position before and after operation and back-forward Bending CT localization images before operation, the sagittal sequence of the spine was obtained, and the relevant indexes were measured, including thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), local kyphosis Cobb angle (LKCA) [the difference between the different positions before operation (recovery value) was calculated], kyphosis flexibility, hyperextension sagittal vertical axis (hSVA), T 2-L 5 hyperextension C 7-vertebral sagittal offset (hC 7-VSO), and pre- and post-operative proximal junctional angle (PJA). At last follow-up, the patients were divided into PJK and non-PJK groups based on PJA to determine whether they had PJK. The gender, age, body mass index (BMI), number of fusion segments, number of cases with coronal plane deformity, bone mineral density (T value), UIV position, LIV position, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, osteotomy grading, and related imaging indicators were compared between the two groups. The hC 7-VSO of the vertebral body with significant differences between groups was taken, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate its accuracy in predicting the occurrence of PJK.@*RESULTS@#All 31 patients were followed up 13-52 months, with an average of 30.0 months. The patient's PJA was 1.4°-29.0° at last follow-up, with an average of 10.4°; PJK occurred in 8 cases (25.8%). There was no significant difference in gender, age, BMI, number of fusion segments, number of cases with coronal plane deformity, bone mineral density (T value), UIV position, LIV position, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and osteotomy grading between the two groups ( P>0.05). Imaging measurements showed that the LL recovery value and T 8-L 3 vertebral hC 7-VSO in the PJK group were significantly higher than those in the non-PJK group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in hyperextension TK, hyperextension LL, hyperextension LKCA, TK recovery value, LL recovery value, kyphosis flexibility, hSVA, and T 2-T 7, L 4, L 5 vertebral hC 7-VSO ( P>0.05). T 8-L 3 vertebral hC 7-VSO was analyzed for ROC curve, and combined with the area under curve and the comprehensive evaluation of sensitivity and specificity, the best predictive index was hC 7-L 2, the cut-off value was 2.54 cm, the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 60.9%.@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative back-forward Bending CT localization image can be used to predict the occurrence of PJK after posterior osteotomy and long-segment fusion fixation in adult spinal deformity. If the patient's T 8-L 2 vertebral hC 7-VSO is too large, it indicates a higher risk of postoperative PJK. The best predictive index is hC 7-L 2, and the cut-off value is 2.54 cm.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Lordosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 186-189, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of dermal and subcutaneous injection of autologous peripheral blood nucleated cells in improving periocular wrinkles.Methods:Eighteen cases of beauty seekers who planned to improve periocular wrinkles were selected as the research objects of this study. Autologous nucleated cells and blood active components were isolated and purified by negative collection mixed method and evenly injected into the periocular skin of patients. VISIA image analysis system, and satisfactory score were used to detect and evaluate the related characteristics of periocular skin at different stages before and after treatment. The scores were compared and analyzed, and the complications after treatment were recorded.Results:The 18 patients were followed up. The score of VISIA periorbital static wrinkles decreased from (22.09±8.21) before treatment to (18.31±7.84) one month after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-7.495, P<0.05). 17 patients were satisfied; After 3 months of follow-up, 15 cases were satisfied. The texture, consistency and pore state of periorbital skin were improved in some patients (10 cases). Conclusions:Autologous peripheral blood nucleated cell therapy can improve periorbital wrinkles, especially skin fine lines, and geta high satisfactory rate. There are almost no adverse reactions after the treatment, which is worthy of clinical application.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 312-317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes in the nerve fiber layer of the cornea in patients with demyelinating optic neuritis (DON) and its correlation with visual acuity.Methods:A cross-sectional study. From March 2021 to July 2022, 27 cases (39 eyes) of DON patients diagnosed in the Department of Neurology and Ophthalmology of Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study. According to the serological test results, the patients were divided into aquaporin 4 antibody associated optic neuritis (AQP4-ON group) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody associated optic neuritis (MOG-ON group), with 15 cases (19 eyes) and 12 cases (20 eyes) respectively. According to previous history of glucocorticoid treatment, the patients were divided into glucocorticoid treated group and non-glucocorticoid treated group, with 17 cases (27 eyes) and 10 cases (12 eyes) respectively. Twenty healthy volunteers (20 eyes) with age- and gender-matched were selected as the control group. All eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) examinations. BCVA was performed using Snellen's standard logarithmic visual acuity chart, which was converted into logarithmic minimum angle resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. The corneal nerve fiber length (CNFL), corneal nerve fiber density (CNFD), corneal nerve fiber branch length (CNBL), corneal nerve fiber branch density (CNBD) and the density of corneal dendritic cells (DC) were detected by IVCM examination. Parameter comparison between groups by t-test and Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test. The correlation between logMAR BCVA and pamameters of corneal nerve fibers were analyzed using Spearman analysis. Results:The CNFL, CNFD, and CNBL of the DON group and the control group were (10.67±2.55) mm/mm 2, (57.78±12.35) root/mm 2, (3.27±1.34) mm/mm 2, and (13.74±3.05) mm/mm 2, (70.95±13.14) root/mm 2, and (4.22±1.03) mm/mm 2, respectively; the difference in CNFL, CNFD, and CNBL between the two groups were statistically significant ( t=4.089, 3.795, 2.773; P<0.05). The CNFL, CNBL, and CNBD of the affected eyes in the MOG-ON group and AQP4-ON group were (12.02±2.13) mm/mm 2, (3.80±1.19) mm/mm 2, (47.97±8.86) fibers/mm 2, and (9.25±2.19) mm/mm 2, (2.72±1.19) mm/mm 2, (39.43±13.86) fibers/mm 2, respectively; the differences in CNFL, CNBL, and CNBD between the two groups were statistically significant ( t=-4.002, -2.706, -2.306; P<0.05). The corneal DC density of the patients in the hormone treated group and the non-hormone treated group was (24.43±8.32) and (41.22±9.86) cells/mm 2, respectively. The difference in corneal DC density between the two subgroups was statistically significant ( P<0.001). Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant negative correlation between logMAR BCVA and CNBL and CNFL in patients with DON ( r=-0.422, -0.456; P<0.05). Conclusions:There are different degrees of corneal nerve fiber damage in patients with different types of DON. There was a negative correlation between BCVA and the length of corneal nerve fibers.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 46-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993775

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of lymphocyte subsets between elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis and non-elderly patients and its clinical significance.Methods:A total of 124 patients with rheumatoid arthritis in Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from January, 2017 to December, 2019 were enrolled.The patients were divided into elderly group(≥60 years old, 34 cases)and non-elderly group(<60 years old, 90 cases). Rheumatoid arthritis activity(DAS-28)scoring was performed for each patient.Peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs)were extracted by Ficoll density centrifugation.Lymphocytes were labeled and detected by 18-color flowcytometry with more than 30 fluorescent antibodies.Results:DAS-28 scoring showed that the disease activity score of the elderly group(4.56±1.89)was higher than that of the non-elderly group(3.37±1.49)( t=3.633, P<0.001). Flow cytometry showed that MAIL%T(mucus-associated lymphoid tissue T cell subset)( Z=-2.798, P=0.005), Tn%CD8 T cells(initial CD8 T cells)( Z=-2.179, P=0.029), VD2% T(Vδ2+ T, γδT cell subtype)( Z=-2.806, P=0.005), PD1-CD28-%Th( Z=-2.050, P=0.040)and IGM+ D-%B( Z=-2.376, P=0.017)were lower in the elderly group than in the non-elderly group.While, CD45+ CD27+ %CD8 T cells( Z=-3.069, P=0.002), abT%T cell(αβT cells)( Z=-2.103, P=0.035), CD27-CD28+ %T cells( Z=-2.341, P=0.019), ASC%PBMC( Z=-2.341, P=0.019)and ASC%CD19+ ( Z=-2.000, P=0.046)subgroup expression were higher in the elderly group than in the non-elderly group. Conclusions:The disease activity of elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis is significantly higher than that of younger patients.The expressions of abT%T and CD4% abT in effector T cells of elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis are higher than those of younger patients, while the expression of VD2% T is lower.The expression level of CD45RA+ CD27+ %CD8 T with cytotoxic effect is higher; However, the expression level of Tn%CD8 T in naive cells is lower.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1833-1841, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978656

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of the nephrotic syndrome is complex and the pathological types are diverse, so the minor symptoms in its early phases are difficult to detect. Renal biopsy is the gold indicator for the diagnosis of renal pathology and progression, but poor patient compliance shows, and the optimal treatment time is often delayed. Therefore, the discovery of biomarkers for early diagnosis and disease progression monitoring is of great clinical significance. In this study, doxorubicin-injured podocyte models were used to simulate human kidney disease at different stages of progression. LC-MS-based metabolomic technology combined with statistical methods was used to screen and identify the potential biomarkers associated with early injury or progression of podocytes. The results of cell viability, apoptosis tests and podocyte structural protein analysis showed that the model was successfully constructed, and the degree of podocyte injury was significantly different between the two modeling methods. According to VIP > 1 and P < 0.05 based on the orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model, nine differential metabolites reflecting early podocyte injury and twelve differential metabolites reflecting the injury progression were screened, respectively. ROC analysis was adopted to focus on the potential biomarkers that can reflecting the early podocyte injury including L-tryptophan, guanosine triphosphate (GTP), 5′-thymidylic acid (dTMP) and thymidine, and the biomarkers reflecting the injury progression of podocytes composed of L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine acid, uridine 5′-diphosphate (UDP) and guanosine 5′-diphosphate (GDP) AUC > 0.85. It indicated that these eight metabolites may have high sensitivity and diagnostic ability. This study provides a reference for the research on biomarkers of progressive diseases.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1413-1416, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978645

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the correlation between meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)patients and their sleep quality.METHODS: Retrospective case-control study. A total of 150 MGD patients treated in our hospital from January 2021 to October 2022 were selected and divided into sleep disorder group(75 cases, PSQI&#x003E;10 points)and control group(75 cases, PSQI≤10 points)according to the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI). Both groups were scored using the ocular surface disease index(OSDI), underwent meibomian gland-related examinations(eyelid margin morphology, meibomian gland secretion ability, meibomian gland secretion quality score), corneal fluorescein staining(FL)score, Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt), tear film break-up time(BUT)was measured, and sleep indicators(sleep quality, sleep latency, subjective sleep quality, sleep time)were evaluated.RESULTS: There were significant differences in OSDI score, FL score, SⅠt, BUT, eyelid margin morphology score, meibomian gland secretion ability score, and meibomian gland secretion quality score between the two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). In the sleep disorder group, PSQI score, sleep latency score, subjective sleep quality score, and sleep time score were significantly positively correlated with OSDI score, FL score, meibomian gland secretion ability score, and meibomian gland secretion quality score(P&#x003C;0.05); PSQI score, subjective sleep quality score, and sleep time score were significantly positively correlated with eyelid margin morphology score(P&#x003C;0.05); PSQI score, sleep latency score, and subjective sleep quality score were significantly negatively correlated with BUT and SⅠt(P&#x003C;0.05); sleep time score was significantly negatively correlated with BUT(P&#x003C;0.05); sleep latency score was not significantly correlated with eyelid margin morphology score(P&#x003E;0.05); sleep time score was not significantly correlated with SⅠt(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The ocular surface condition of MGD patients is correlated with multiple sleep quality indicators, and a decline in sleep quality may increase the risk of MGD.

7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1050-1068, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982460

ABSTRACT

The axon initial segment (AIS) is a highly specialized axonal compartment where the action potential is initiated. The heterogeneity of AISs has been suggested to occur between interneurons and pyramidal neurons (PyNs), which likely contributes to their unique spiking properties. However, whether the various characteristics of AISs can be linked to specific PyN subtypes remains unknown. Here, we report that in the prelimbic cortex (PL) of the mouse, two types of PyNs with axon projections either to the contralateral PL or to the ipsilateral basal lateral amygdala, possess distinct AIS properties reflected by morphology, ion channel expression, action potential initiation, and axo-axonic synaptic inputs from chandelier cells. Furthermore, projection-specific AIS diversity is more prominent in the superficial layer than in the deep layer. Thus, our study reveals the cortical layer- and axon projection-specific heterogeneity of PyN AISs, which may endow the spiking of various PyN types with exquisite modulation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Axon Initial Segment , Synapses/physiology , Pyramidal Cells/physiology , Cerebral Cortex , Axons/physiology
8.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 5-5, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928829

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and susceptibility to silicosis.@*METHODS@#First, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) data were comprehensively analyzed in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of eight participants (four silicosis cases and four healthy controls) exposed to silica dust to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs (DE-lncRNAs). The functional SNPs in the identified DE-lncRNAs were then identified using several databases. Finally, the association between functional SNPs and susceptibility to silicosis was evaluated by a two-stage case-control study. The SNPs of 155 silicosis cases and 141 healthy silica-exposed controls were screened by genome-wide association study (GWAS), and the candidate SNPs of 194 silicosis cases and 235 healthy silica-exposed controls were validated by genotyping using the improved Mutiligase Detection Reaction (iMLDR) system.@*RESULTS@#A total of 76 DE-lncRNAs were identified by RNA-seq data analysis (cut-offs: fold change > 2 or fold change < 0.5, P < 0.05), while 127 functional SNPs among those 76 DE-lncRNAs were identified through multiple public databases. Furthermore, five SNPs were found to be significantly correlated with the risk of silicosis by GWAS screening (P < 0.05), while the results of GWAS and iMLDR validation indicated that the variant A allele of rs1814521 was associated with a reduced risk of silicosis (OR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.62-0.94, P = 0.011).@*CONCLUSION@#The presence of the SNP rs1814521 in the lncRNA ADGRG3 is associated with susceptibility to silicosis. Moreover, ADGRG3 was found to be lowly expressed in silicosis cases. The underlying biological mechanisms by which lncRNA ADGRG3 and rs1814521 regulate the development of silicosis need further study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Silicosis/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 220-223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935930

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the practicability and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB). Methods: Data of 53 cases with transjugular liver biopsy from June 2015 to June 2020 were collected. LABS-100 was used in all patients who underwent transjugular liver biopsy. Among them, 45 cases and eight were biopsied via hepatic vein and intrahepatic segment of the inferior vena cava. The surgical indications, related complications, and postoperative pathological diagnosis were analyzed and summarized. Results: TJLB was successful in all patients, with an average of 2.8 punctures per case. Satisfactory liver tissue and histopathological diagnosis was obtained in all patients. Two cases developed a cervical hematoma that was improved spontaneously, and one patient developed an intrahepatic hematoma that was improved after conservative treatment. Conclusion: TJLB is a practical and safe method for patients with contraindications to percutaneous liver biopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy/methods , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Jugular Veins , Liver Diseases/pathology
10.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 981-987, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognostic factors of vision of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody positive associated optic neuritis (ON) after methylprednisolone pulse therapy.Methods:A clinical observational study. A total of 32 patients (47 eyes) with MOG antibody positive ON were observed and followed up in the ophthalmology department of Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University and Beijing Puren Hospital from March 2019 to January 2022. Clinical data including the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and orbital magnetic resonance imaging were recorded. The BCVA was examined by Snellen visual acuity chart, which was finally converted into the logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) for statistical analysis. There were 22 case (38 eyes) with complete image data. All patients were treated with intravenous methylprednisolone pulse (IVMP) for 3-5 days. According to the intervention time (from onset to glucocorticoid treatment), the patients were divided into three groups: <7 d group, 7-14 d and> 14 d group, with 16, 13, 11 eyes, respectively. The median follow-up time was 28 months. After 1 week, 1, 3 and 6 months treatment, the same equipment and methods were used for relevant examinations to observe the changes of visual acuity and the factors influencing the prognosis of visual acuity after IVMP treatment. Logistic regression and linear regression were used to analyze the prognostic correlation factors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the critical cut-off point of intervention timing.Results:Among the patients, 16 were male and 16 were female. The median onset age was 26 years. The onset duration time was 5-60 days. There were 18 cases (56.3%, 18/32) with abnormal serum immune indexes. The initial symptom was decreased vision with unilateral or bilateral ON. Seventeen (53.1%, 17/32) cases had unilateral ON and 15 (46.9%, 15/32) cases with bilateral ON. Thirty-six eyes (76.6%, 36/47) got optic disc edema, 37 eyes (78.7%, 37/47) accompanied by pain of ocular movement. The nadir logMAR BCVA was mean 1.69±0.13. Long T2WI signals with segmental thickening in the orbital segment of the optic nerve were obtained in 27 eyes (71.1%, 27/38) and in 24 eyes (63.2%, 24/38) with optic nerve and sheath enhancement. During the follow-up period, there were 10 cases of relapse (31.3%, 10/32). The logMAR BCVA of attacked eyes were 0.52±0.09, 0.22±0.06, 0.12±0.06, 0.10±0.06 at 1 week and 1, 3 and 6 months after IVMP treatment, respectively. The rate of BCVA improvement was the fastest at 1 week after treatment, and BCVA returned to stability at 3 months. Logistic regression analysis showed that the timing of intervention was significantly correlated with the prognosis of vision in primary onset patients (odds ratio=12.17, P=0.006), with a negative linear regression relationship ( r=-0.48, 95% confidence interval -0.71--0.17, P=0.008). Comparing the logMAR BCVA between the intervention time >14 group with the <7 group and the 7-14 group, there were statistically significant difference ( P=0.017, 0.037), respectively. The cut-off point of ROC curve to predict the optimal intervention time was 13.5 days. Other factors such as: gender, age, predisposing factor, pain of eye motion, edema of optic disc, bilateral ON, imaging changes, abnormal autoimmune indicators were not associated with the prognosis of visual acuity. Conclusion:The timing of hormone intervention in primary onset patients is an important factor affecting the prognosis of vision and the optimal intervention time window of IVMP is two weeks.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1428-1431, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990574

ABSTRACT

Obesity is one of the most challenging global public health issues, and more than half of adults in Chia are overweight or obese. Obesity has been shown to be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, colon cancer and other specific cancers, and has become a serious threat and even a danger to the health and quality of life of the nation. With the mature development of bariatric surgery in the last 20 years, it is now widely recognized for its effectiveness and safety in the treatment of obesity and related metabolic diseases, as well as improving patients′ life expectancy and quality of life. However, previous data from the literatures suggest that some patients require revisional surgery after bariatric surgery, with the incidence of revisional bariatric surgery as 5% to 50%. The main reasons for revisional bariatric surgery are poor post-operative outcomes, including the lack of significant weight loss, weight regain and no significant improvement or even recurrence of associated metabolic disease, and other reasons include the development of anaemia, malnutrition and long-term chronic pain. Currently, there is only the East Asian expert consensus on revised bariatric surgery proposed by Chinese Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery in 2018. However, there are still no uniform standards regarding the indications, contraindications and surgical modalities of revisional bariatric surgery in clinical practice. The authors summarize the latest researches of revisional bariatric surgery, in order to provide the guidance value for clinical practice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 471-476, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958814

ABSTRACT

China national medical centers and national regional medical centers are the key entities to expand the availability of quality medical resources and ensure they are better distributed among regions. It is of great significance for the centers′ high-quality development to understand the key issues in the construction and progression of centers by evaluating the performance of their function fulfillment. The evaluation framework of this study was based on the " structure-process-outcome" model. The study was divided into three stages, including centers′ self-evaluation, data reporting, and on-site investigation and evaluation. The team conducted the evaluation on 15 entity hospitals supporting 6 national medical centers and 5 national regional medical centers that had been approved by October 2020. As the results showed, the funding and policy support for these centers from governments at all levels were increased, the internal and external management mechanism of the centers were preliminarily set up, the functions of the centers were executed properly, and the " radiation effect" of the centers was in place gradually. The key problems hindering the fulfillment of functions concern the mechanisms that were not sound and need to be further refined, which included the field of financial investment and policy guarantee for the entity hospitals, internal and external management of centers, introduction and cultivaton of the talented, and the innovation and transformation of scientific achievements which facilitates breakthroughs in core technologies. To promote the efficient implementation of functional tasks of the centers, the authors proposed four suggestions. First, the " commission and province co-construction" mechanism should be further improved to augment investment and policy guarantee from the government. Second, the internal organization and management mechanism of each centers should be optimized. Third, the reform and innovation in the training and management system of the talented medical personnel should be accelerated. Last, the health needs oriented mechanism for scientific research innovation and achievements transformation should be established.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935533

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pediatric diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration and to analyze their relationship with prognosis. Methods: Forty-one cases of childhood diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University (39 cases) and Xi'an Children's Hospital (2 cases), from July 2016 to July 2020. The clinical manifestations, imaging data, histopathology, immunohistochemical phenotype and molecular genetics features, tumor size, site and histological grading were evaluated. Results: Among the 41 cases, 21 were males and 20 females, the age of onset was 3-14 years, the average and median age was 7.6 years and 7.0 years, respectively. The tumor sites were brain stem (n=36) and other locations (n=5). The clinical manifestations were dizziness, gait disturbance, and limb weakness, etc. The MRI features were variable. The histology varied from low-grade to high-grade glioma with neuron differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells expressed H3K27M, GFAP, and Olig2. Genetic study showed that 76% (16/21) of tumors had H3F3A gene mutation, mostly accompanied by TP53 (62%, 13/21) missense mutation; five tumors (24%, 5/21) had HIST1H3B gene mutation, accompanied by missense mutations in ACVR1 and PI3K pathway-related gene PIK3CA (4/5) and PIK3R1 (1/5) mutations. The prognosis was dismal with only one alive and others died. The average and median overall survival time was 7 months and 4 months, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age, tumor location, radiologically maximum tumor diameter, histologic grading, and surgical methods were not significantly associated with overall survival rate (P>0.05). Conclusions: Pediatric diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27 alteration have unique clinicopathological and genetic characteristics. The prognosis is poor. The tumor location and histopathologic grading are not related to prognosis. New specific drugs and comprehensive treatment are needed to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Glioma/pathology , Histones/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 419-422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934326

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) are a class of immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system that mainly involve the optic nerve and spinal cord. As an important environmental factor, the gut microbiota may play an important role in the occurrence and development of NMOSDs. Previous studies have shown that the structure and number of intestinal flora in NMOSDs patients are different from those of normal healthy people. The altered intestinal flora may cross-react with central nervous system autoantigens, induce T cell differentiation, and affect short-chain fatty acids, etc. The metabolite secretion pathway triggers the occurrence of NMOSDs. The summary of the changes of gut microbiota in patients with NMOSDs and the possible underlying mechanisms by summarizing the literature, aim to provide more effective treatments for the prevention and treatment of NMOSDs in the future.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 266-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of adventitial inversion technique for root repair in patients with acute type A aortic dissection(ATAAD).Methods:Between 2015 and 2018, ATAAD patients with dissected root and underwent open surgery were included. The exclusion criteria were as follows: previous root intervention, traumatic dissection and patient underwent root replacement(Bentall or David procedure). 490 ATAAD patients were included, 366(74.69%) male and 124(25.31%) female, aged(51.28±10.99) years(range 24-77 years). The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed with ANOVA/ nonparametric test and Chi- square test. Follow-up mortality and reoperation were displayed with Kaplan- Meier curve. Results:All patients were technically divided into three groups: adventitial inversion(A), direct suture(B) and Cabrol-shunt(C). The mean age in group A was(53.05±11.09) years, whereas worse cardiac and renal function occurred in group C. The mean duration of HCA, CPB and ACC were shortest, with a highest average of minimum rectal temperature during surgical interval in group A. Postoperative complications and early mortality were similar among groups. There were no significant differences of mid-term mortality and reoperation among these three techniques. Though no late reintervention for aortic root was found in both group A and B, the root diameter was more stable in group A during follow-up period[(33.14±3.74)mm vs.(34.51±3.83)mm vs.(33.89±3.89)mm, P=0.008]. Conclusion:Adventitial inversion technique is safe and effective for root repair in patients with ATAAD, achieving satisfactory short- and mid-term effects.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 367-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933087

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia etiology is diverse and the pathogenesis is complex.It is closely related to limited activity, malnutrition and a variety of clinical diseases, which seriously affects the quality of life in the elderly and has become a global common health problem.This review focuses on the literature of non-drug interventions for sarcopenia in the past five years, focusing on the relationship of multimodal exercise, intestinal flora, parenteral nutrition and comprehensive intervention with sarcopenia, in order to provide a new basis for formulating scientific and effective non-drug intervention for sarcopenia.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 771-775, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the psychosomatic experience and needs of patients with lumbar cistern drainage after transnasal endoscopic sinus surgery in neurosurgery while lying in bed.Methods:Using the purposeful sampling method, one-to-on, face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted among 12 patients with lumbar cistern catheter drainage who were treated in Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from July to August 2020. Colaizzi phenomenology study was used to analyze the interview data, and summarized the themes.Results:The experience and needs of patients with lumbar cistern catheterization during the catheter placement were summarized into 3 themes. Obvious physical and mental discomfort: pain, discomfort of body position restriction, expectation minimization constraint scheme. Knowledge and cognitive needs: understand the reasons for intubation, intubation time and precautions. Affectionate and professional care needs: eager for professional care and more attention from medical staff, eager to be accompanied by family member to achieve greater improvement of comfort.Conclusions:Clinical nursing should be based on the patient′s psychosomatic feelings and needs, actively explore personalized intervention measures suitable for patients with lumbar cistern drainage, and formulate corresponding predictive care content to improve patients′ compliance, comfort and satisfaction.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2069-2075, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954973

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of programming-based neuroverbal psychological intervention on the mental health and coping mode of caregivers.Methods:Chinese and English databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, WanFang, VIP and literature on the impact of neuro-linguistic programming on nursing mental health and response methods were collected. The retrieval time limit was from self-built library to January 2022.Quality evaluation and data collation of the included literature were conducted. All data were analyzed by Meta-analysis using RevMan5.4, Stata15.0 software.Results:7 literature articles were included, a total of 1 293 nursing staff, the results of Meta-analysis showed that the psychological intervention experimental group applying neuro-linguistic programming was in somatization ( MD = -0.31, 95% CI -0.34 - -0.28, P<0.001), interpersonal relationship sensitive ( MD = -0.36, 95% CI -0.53 - -0.19, P<0.001), depression ( MD = -0.98, 95% CI -1.54 - -0.42, P = 0.006), anxiety ( MD = -0.97, 95% CI -1.43 - -0.51, P<0.001), adversary ( MD = -0.29, 95% CI -0.52 - -0.06, P = 0.010), remorse ( MD = 0.25, 95% CI 0.16 - 0.34, P<0.001), help ( MD = -0.42, 95% CI -0.58 - -0.27, P<0.001), fantasy ( MD = 0.25, 95% CI 0.22 - 0.29, P<0.001), retreat ( MD = 1.06, 95% CI 0.37 - 1.76, P = 0.003) was statistically different when compared to the control groups. Conclusion:Psychological intervention based on neurolinguistic programming has a significant positive effect on mental health and coping style of nursing staff, which can reduce psychological emotions and improve coping ability.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 277-285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the serum microRNA (miRNA) expression and examine the impact of miRNA expression profiles on T helper type 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) imbalance among patients with cystic echinococcosis, so as to provide insights into the illustration of the mechanisms underlying chronic Echinococcus granulosus infections, and long-term pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Total RNA was extracted from the sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, and subjected to high-throughput sequencing with the Illumina sequencing platform. Known miRNAs were annotated and new miRNAs were predicted using the miRBase database and the miRDeep2 tool, and differentially expressed miRNAs were identified. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted using the software miRanda and TargetScan, and the intersection was selected for Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, miRNAs that targeted genes relating to key transcription factors RORC and FOXP3 that determine the production of Th17 and Treg cells or their important regulatory pathways (PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways) were matched.@*RESULTS@#A total of 53 differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, including 47 up-regulated miRNAs and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. GO enrichment analysis showed that these differentially expressed miRNA were involved DNA transcription and translation, cell components, cell morphology, neurodevelopment and metabolic decomposition, and KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed miRNA were mainly involved in MAPK, PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, there were 3 miRNAs that had a potential for target regulation of RORC, and 15 miRNAs that had a potential to target the PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Significant changes are found in serum miRNA expression profiles among patients with E. granulosus infections, and differentially expressed miRNAs may lead to Th17/Treg imbalance through targeting the key transcription factors of Th17/Treg or PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways, which facilitates the long-term parasitism of E. granulosus in hosts and causes a chronic disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Echinococcosis/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Th17 Cells , Transcription Factors/genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 324-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936215

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate ferroptosis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and its regulation by M2 macrophage-derived exosomes. Methods: LSCC and adjacent noncancerous tissue samples were collected from 32 patients treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin between September 2018 and April 2021, including 26 males and 6 females, aged 43-79 years. The expressions of ferroptosis marker glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4) in LSCC and adjacent noncancerous tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). The correlations between GPX4 expression and clinicopathological factors in LSCC were analyzed. Biological changes of TU212 cells after treated with ferroptosis-induced agent erastin were detected by transmission electron microscope, cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), clone test, reactive oxygen species(ROS), malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione(GSH), JC-1, RT-PCR and western blot. Exosomes were isolated from the supernatant of M0/M2 macrophages (M0-exos/M2-exos) and co-incubated with erastin-treated TU212 cells to detect the change of ferroptosis in cells of each group. The data were analyzed by SPSS software of version19.0. Results: GPX4 expression in LSCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent noncancerous tissues (2.04±0.65 vs. 0.99±0.09, F=30.36, P<0.001), and was closely related to T stage and clinical stage (Ⅰ-Ⅱvs.Ⅲ-Ⅳ: 1.75±0.39 vs. 2.18±0.71, F=2.25, P<0.05; T1-2 vs. T3-4: 1.71±0.42 vs. 2.20±0.69, F=2.06, P<0.05). In TU212 cells treated with erastin, mitochondrial crest became smaller, membrane density increased, proliferation rate decreased, intracellular ROS level increased, mitochondrial membrane potential depolarized, GSH content decreased, intracellular MDA level increased and expressions of GPX4 mRNA and protein decreased. Change of M0 into M2 macrophages was induced by IL-4 stimulation. When erastin-treated TU212 cells were incubated with M2-exos, cell proliferation was partially restored and GPX4 expression was enhanced, and also with the recoveries of levels of ROS, MDA and GSH (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Ferroptosis is one of the cell death ways of LSCC. M2-exos may inhibit ferroptosis of LSCC cells.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Exosomes , Ferroptosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Macrophages , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
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