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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe and analyze the status quo of cardiovascular clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses including both Chinese medicine (CM) and integrative medicine, through systematic literatures searching and quality assessment.@*METHODS@#Data bases including Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database were searched for published CM or integrative cardiovascular clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses. The website www. medlive.cn was also retrieved as supplementary. The clinical practice evaluation tool AGREE II was used to assess the quality of included guidelines or consensuses.@*RESULTS@#A total of 31 relevant clinical practice guidelines or expert consensuses were included, covering diagnosis, treatment, Chinese patent and patient fields. Common cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart diseases, heart failure and arrhythmia were also involved. Through analysis it was found that both the quantity and quality of included guidelines have been improved year by year. A total of 4 evidence-based clinical practice guideline has been found, one of which was a guideline project plan. Except that, the remaining 27 reports were all consensus-based guidelines. The scores of each field, from highest to lowest, were clarity of presentation (58%), scope and purpose (54%), stakeholder involvement (28%), rigor of development (21%), applicability (13%) and editorial independence (8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although clinical practice guidelines in cardiovascular domain of Chinese have gained increasing concern, with both quantity and quality improved, there is still huge gap in methodology and reporting standards between CM guidelines and international ones. On the one hand, it is essential to improve and standardize the methodology of developing CM guidelines. On the other hands, the evaluation system of evidence and recommendation with CM characters should be developed urgently.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of apoptotic drug Navitoclax (NTX) combined with chemotherapy drug Daunorubicin (DNR) on apoptosis of erythroleukemia cells.@*METHODS@#K562, HEL and TF-1 cells in logarithmic growth phase were treated with NTX, DNR and combination of the two drugs. CCK-8 test, Annexin V-DAPI double-staining flow cytometry, real-time RT-PCR were used to detect cell growth, cell apoptosis and expression of BAX, BAK, BCL-2, BCL-xl and BIM respectively. The effects of NTX, DNR and combination of the two drugs on apoptosis of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#NTX combined with DNR could significantly inhibit the growth of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells; Apoptosis detection results showed that the apoptotic rate of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells in combination group was significantly higher than that in NTX and DNR single group; the expression level of apoptosis-related genes BAK and BAX in K562 cells in combination group was significantly higher than that in two single drug groups, and the expression level of anti-apoptotic protein genes BCL-2 and BCL-xl was significantly lower than that in two single drug groups (P<0.05); the expression level of BAK in HEL cells treated with combined drugs for 24 hours was higher than that in DNR group (P < 0.05); the expression level of BCL-2 in TF-1 cells treated with combined drugs for 24 hours was lower than that in two single drugs groups while the expression level of BAK in 48 hours was the highest in combined drugs group, and the expression level of BCL-2 and BCL-xl in combined drugs group was lower than that in NTX group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NTX combined with DNR can significantly promote the apoptosis of erythroleukemia cell lines K562, HEL and TF-1, and induce the expression of apoptosis-related genes. This study provides a new scheme for the clinical treatment of erythroleukemia.


Subject(s)
Aniline Compounds , Apoptosis , Daunorubicin , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute , Sulfonamides
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2657-2673, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878519

ABSTRACT

To investigate the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and the changes of rhizosphere microorganisms in the rhizosphere soil of Leymus chinensis during the remediation of PAHs contaminated soil by Comamonas testosteroni (C.t)-assisted Leymus chinensis, we evaluated the removal of PAHs in the rhizosphere of Leymus chinensis using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), analyzed the bacterial community and the diversity in Leymus chinensis rhizosphere soil by high-throughput sequencing technology, characterized the correlation among PAHs degradation and bacterial community components performing redundancy analysis (RDA) and network analysis, and predicted PAHs degradation potential via PICRUSt software in this paper. The degradation of PAHs in the rhizosphere of Leymus chinensis was promoted, the abundance and diversity of bacteria and the correlation among bacteria and PAHs were changed, and the degradation potential of PAHs in Leymus chinensis rhizosphere soil was enhanced in the later stage of phytoremediation (60-120 d) due to the incorporation of C.t. The accelerated degradation of three PAHs (Nap, Phe, BaP) was accompanied by the differ abundance and correlation of Proteobacteria (Sphingomonas, MND1, Nordella), Actinomycetes (Rubrobacter, Gaiella), Acidobacteria (RB41) and Bacteroides (Flavobacterium) affected by C.t. The results provide new insight into the microorganism choices for microbial assisted plant remediation of soil PAHs and the mechanisms of enhanced PAHs degradation via the combination of Comamonas testosteroni engineering bacteria and plants.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Comamonas testosteroni/genetics , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons/analysis , Rhizosphere , Soil , Soil Microbiology , Soil Pollutants
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824356

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nemonoxacin as a combination drug in the treatment of patients with adult community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the Department of Respiratory. Methods The data of patients with CAP treated with nemonoxacin as an agent in a combined therapy and admitted to Department of Respiratory of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from July to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients' symptoms, curative effects and adverse reactions were recorded. Results Totally 48 patients with CAP were treated with combined nemonoxacin, including 6 patients with severe pneumonia. All the patients were treated with intravenous drip of β-lactams combined with oral nemonoxacin 500 mg, once a day. After 3 days of treatment, the improvement rate of symptoms was 47.92% (23/48), and 89.58% (43/48) of the patients were cured or improved after (9.83±3.49) days of treatment, no adverse reactions occurred during the period of oral administration;91.67% (44/48) of the patients were satisfied with the effect of medication. Compared with 178 CAP patients who were hospitalized in Department of Respiratory in the same period in 2017, the patients' length of stay in hospital in the present study was shorter (days: 12.52±4.45 vs. 14.53±6.73, P < 0.05). Conclusion As a combination drug, nemonoxacin is a safe and effective treatment for CAP patients admitted to Department of Respiratory, it can better control symptoms, shorten hospitalization time, induce less adverse reactions and its patients' tolerance is good.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817739

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】Diabetes mellitus is a risk equivalent for coronary heart disease. This retrospective study was designed to investigate the risk factors of the progression of coronary lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes(T2DM)and Non- diabetes Mellitus(NDM).【Methods】 526 patients with T2DM and 425 patients with NDM at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between March 2001 and January 2017 who underwent coronary imaging studies(coronary angiography or coronary CTA)twice during the same period were enrolled. The effects of cardiovascular risk factors on the progression of coronary lesions were analyzed in parallel in these two types of patients.【Results】Risk factors of the progression of coronary lesions in T2DM patients included smoking(OR = 1.836,95% CI:1.030~3.371,P = 0.04),Lp(a) [OR = 1.001,95% CI:1.000~1.002,P = 0.004(baseline);OR = 1.001,95% CI:1.000~1.002,P = 0.009(re-examined)],HbA1c leve[l OR = 1.471,95% CI:1.030~2.100,P = 0.034(re-examined)],uncontrolled LDL-C(OR = 1.882,95% CI:1.091~3.245,P = 0.023),TC[OR = 2.029,95% CI:1.028~4.008,P = 0.041(re-examined)]and low HDL-C [OR = 0.017,95% CI:0.040~0.729,P = 0.017(re-examined)]. Comparative risk factors in NDM included BMI[OR =1.746,95%CI:2.462~2.712,P = 0.026(baseline);OR = 0.001,95%CI:0~0.394,P = 0.025(re-examined)],uncontrolled LDL-C(OR = 2.875,95%CI:1.669~4.952,P < 0.001)and low ApoA[OR = 0.282,95%CI:0.082~0.971,P = 0.045 (baseline);OR = 0.117,95%CI:0.038~0.835,P = 0.029(re-examined)]. Lowest level of progression was found in the group with HbA1c<6.5%[0(0~3.4)points/year vs 0.3(0~3.0)points/year vs 1.0(0~5.1)points/year,P = 0.049. 0(-0.4~2.7)points/year vs 0.6(0~4.0)points/year vs 0.9(0~4.2)points/year,P=0.029]in T2DM patients.【Conclusion】Except for achievement of LDL- C goals,there might be some differences in risk factors for progression of coronary lesions between T2DM and NDM patients. Smoking,Lp(a),TC,HDL- C and control levels of HbA1c are independent predictors in T2DM as well as BMI and ApoA in NDM. Lowering HbA1c to less than 6.5% may delay progression of lesion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817704

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the predictive value of blood eosinophil in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps(eosCRSwNP)by analyzing the characteristics of eosCRSwNP adult patients in Guangdong Province, China.【Method】From Oct.2017 to Sep.2018,a total of 108 eosCRSwNP adult inpatients scheduled for surgery in Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Head and Neck Surgery,The Third Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University were enrolled. They were divided into eosCRSwNP(n = 39) and non-eosCRSwNP(n = 69) group by the pathologic features. The demographic and clinical features were collected and compared.【Results】The eosCRSwNP group accounted for 36.1% while non-eosCRSwNP group accounted for 63.9% in our study. A higher prevalence of allergic rhinitis,asthma and higher blood IgE level,bilateral Lund-Mackay score of posterior ethmoid sinus,ethmoid to maxillary Lund-Mackay score ratio, peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage and peripheral blood basophil absolute count and percentage were found in eosCRSwNP patients. Only peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage were independent predictors of eosCRSwNP. The cutoff absolute value of 0.275×109/L demonstrated a sensitivity of 74.4% and a specificity of 72.5% while the cutoff relative value of 4.32% demonstrated a sensitivity of 74.4% and a specificity of 73.9%.【Conclusion】Non-eosCRSwNP was predominant in Guangdong. EosCRSwNP differs from non-eosCRSwNP in many clinical features,while peripheral blood eosinophil count and percentage were independent predictors of eosCRSwNP.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779424

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the relationship between the concentration of air pollutants and daily emergency department visits for different diseases (circulatory system disease, digestive system disease, nervous system disease and respiratory system disease) in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province. Methods The daily average concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2, carbon monoxide (CO) and PM2.5 and the daily maximum 8-hour concentrations of O3, the daily average temperature, the relative humidity and cause -specific emergency department visits of the four major diseases from 2015 to 2017 were collected in Guangzhou. Semi-parametric generalized additive model was used to analyze the relationship between the concentration of pollutants and daily cause-specific emergency department visits. Results The daily average concentrations of SO2, NO2, CO, O3 and PM2.5 during the study period were 13.24 μg /m3, 45.96 μg /m3, 0.97 mg /m3, 123.77 μg /m3 and 36.22 μg /m3, respectively. For circulatory system disease,the independently significant associations of SO2 with emergency department visits in single-pollutant models (2.91%, 95% CI: 1.00%-4.85%), and multipollutant models (4.39%, 95% CI: 1.22%-7.67%) were observed. Conclusion The ambient SO2 increases the risk of emergency department visits due to circulatory diseases in Guangzhou. Comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken to reduce the emission of SO2.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772016

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and molecular biological characteristics of a neonate with myeloid proliferation related to Down syndrome (DS).@*METHODS@#The neonate, who was suspected for Down syndrome, was analyzed in terms of clinical feature, peripheral blood cell morphology, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), immunological classification and other laboratory tests. On hundred and fourteen leukemia-related genes were subjected to next-generation sequencing (NGS).@*RESULTS@#Laboratory test revealed obvious abnormal liver function and coagulation function, anemia, and extreme leukocytosis. Cell smear indicated significantly increased progenitor cells, which conformed to proliferation of megakaryocytes. FISH showed trisomy 21. By NGS, c.220+dupT, a novel mutation, was identified in exon 2 of the GATA1 gene, which encodes a N-terminal activation domain and has a frequency of 95.8%. No mutation was identified among the remaining 113 genes.@*CONCLUSION@#The neonate had DS and GATA1 gene mutation. High percentage of circulating blasts should be considered as transient myelodysplasia but not congenital leukemia.


Subject(s)
Down Syndrome , Genetics , GATA1 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Infant, Newborn , Mutation , Trisomy
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Syndrome is one of the most important concepts in Chinese medicine (CM) theory. However, it was not well accounted in most of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).@*OBJECTIVES@#To determine whether CM syndrome differentiation affects the treatment results, functional constipation (FC) was selected as a target disease, and MaZiRenWan (, MZRW), a classic CM formula commonly used for constipation with excessive heat syndrome, was selected for study.@*METHODS@#It is an 18-week prospective double-blinded, doubledummy RCT, including 2-week run-in, 8-week treatment and 8-week post treatment follow-up. A total of 120 FC patients diagnosed as excessive heat syndrome will be recruited from the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Baokang Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Patients will be randomly allocated into fixed MZRW (f_MZRW) granule group, modified MZRW (m_MZRW) granule group or bisacodyl group. For m_MZRW group, no more than two herbal granules can be added according to the syndrome differentiation for individual participants. The primary end point is the mean of complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) per week during the treatment period. Secondary end points include mean of CSBMs per week during follow-up, stool form, global symptom improvement, constipation and constipation-related symptoms assessment, CM syndrome change, and reported adverse events.@*DISCUSSION@#This trial is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of these three interventions for FC patients with the CM syndrome of excessive heat, and to determine the change of CM syndrome and the progress of disease during the treatment course. The results are important to explore whether syndrome differentiation is important for the therapeutic effect of a formula on a disease. [Trial registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (Reg No. ChiCTR-TRC-13003742); protocol version: MZRW/NSFC-81173363 (2015.05.04)].


Subject(s)
Constipation , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 700-700, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757878

ABSTRACT

In the original publication the grant number is incorrectly published. The correct grant number should be read as "17140901600". The corrected contents are provided in this correction article. This work was partially supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 81670470 and 81600149), a grant from the Shanghai Municipal Commission for Science and Technology (17140901600, 18411953500 and 15JC1400201) and a grant from National Key Research and Development Program (2016YFC0905100).

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744387

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between daytime sleepiness and anxiety,depression in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods A total of 117 patients with sleep -snoring from September 2015 to September 2017 who admitted to the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University were collected for general information.ESS,SDS,SAS questionnaire and polysomnography were detected.The differences between simple snoring and OSAHS group were compared,and the correlation between Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS),Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS),Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS) score was analyzed.Results The scores of ESS,SDS and SAS in the OSAHS group were (16.24 ± 3.82) points,(46.27 ± 9.01) points,(48.21 ± 9.44) points,respectively,which were higher than those in the simple snoring group [(6.0 ± 2.58) points,(35.50 ± 18.40) points,(36.55 ± 17.97) points] (t =-14.425,-2.521,-2.780,all P < 0.05).There was a correlation between SDS or SAS score and ESS score in OSAHS group(r=0.419,0.313,all P <0.05).Conclusion The sleepiness and anxiety,depression in OSAHS patients is more severe than simple snoring;ESS score in OSAHS patients can reflect the severity of the disease,the degree of sleepiness in patients with OSAHS is related to depression and anxiety.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It has been proved that various bone substitute materials combined with blood derivatives contribute to osteogenesis. At present, no relevant reports have been reported on the combination of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) combined with advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) in the repair of bone defects. OBJECTIVE: To observe the characteristics and effects of β-TCP combined with A-PRF for repair of bone defects. METHODS: Thirty-nine Japanese big ear rabbits (provided by the Chengdu Dashuo Experimental Animal Center in China) were randomly divided into A-PRF group (n=12), β-TCP group (n=12), composite group (n=12), and blank control group (n=3). A 6.0 mm× 8.0 mm cylindrical critical bone defect was made on the lateral femoral condyle of each side of hind legs of each rabbit and filled in with different materials in corresponding groups, respectively. No implantation was done in the blank control group. The whole femur of each rat was taken at 1, 2 and 3 months after implantation, and X-ray films were taken as well as receptor activator nuclear factor kappa B ligand and osteoprotegerin immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Over time, X-ray films showed high-density shadow in the bone defect area in the A-PRF group, and there was a centripetal growth trend from the edge of bone defect to the center, while in the β-TCP group and composite group, there was a centripetal decrease trend from the edge to the center of the bone defect, and finally the density was close to natural bone or consistent to the surrounding bone tissues. (2) Receptor activator nuclear factor kappa B ligand and osteoprotegerin immunohistochemical analysis showed a positive expression in all the groups. The order of the mean absorbance value in the four groups was as follows: the composite group> β-TCP group> A-PRF group> blank group, all of which were statistically significant (P < 0.05). To conclude, β-TCP combined with A-PRF has a better osteogenic effect than individual use.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1001-1004, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818106

ABSTRACT

As one of the pregnancy complications, Placenta accreta is becoming increasingly common. Ultrasound is the primary technique for prenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta, whereas the features of the image are complex and the diagnostic criteria are not still uncover. This article reviewed the ultrasonographic features of placenta accrete on two-dimensional, color doppler and power doppler ultrasonography.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807571

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The serotype screening of Shigella flexneri from 1934 to 1965 preserved by the National Center for Medical Culture Collections was carried out, and the molecular characteristics of the serotype conversion strains were studied.@*Methods@#Serotyping of Shigella flexneri in this study was conducted by slide agglutination and multiplex PCR, respectively. The gtrⅡ gene sequence alignment and pulsed field gel electrophoresis typing were performed on the serotype conversion strains.@*Results@#Among the 255 strains of Shigella flexneri preserved in CMCC (B) from 1934 to 1965, 79 were carrying gtrⅡ gene, of which 19 strains and 1 strain were agglutinated with the Y serotype and X serotype, respectively, and furthermore, the multiplex PCR assays results showed serotypes 2a and 2b, respectively, and the strains were considered to have serotype conversion. The 20 strains carrying the gtrⅡ gene showed multiple nucleotide mutations. Besides 3 strains of 3 amino acid mutations, the amino acid sequences of the other 17 strains showed a stop codon in advance, resulting in functional inactivation of gtrⅡ. PFGE analysis revealed that the similarity between the serotype Y strain carrying the gtrⅡ gene and the serotype 2a strain was 75.8%-100%, and the similarity between the serotype X strain carrying the gtrⅡ gene and the serotype 2b strain was 81.6%-100%.@*Conclusion@#Mutations in the gtrⅡ gene are more complicated in serotype-transforming Shigella flexneri serotype Y or X strains. Molecular typing suggests that the serotype-transforming Shigella flexneri serotype Y or X strains may be derived from the Shigella flexneri serotype 2a or 2b, and advance the serotype conversion to 1949.

15.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 992-1006, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775482

ABSTRACT

Inhibitory GABAergic interneurons are fundamental elements of cortical circuits and play critical roles in shaping network activity. Dysfunction of interneurons can lead to various brain disorders, including epilepsy, schizophrenia, and anxiety. Based on the electrophysiological properties, cell morphology, and molecular identity, interneurons could be classified into various subgroups. In this study, we investigated the density and laminar distribution of different interneuron types and the co-expression of molecular markers in epileptic human cortex. We found that parvalbumin (PV) and somatostatin (SST) neurons were distributed in all cortical layers except layer I, while tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) were abundant in the deep layers and white matter. Cholecystokinin (CCK) neurons showed a high density in layers IV and VI. Neurons with these markers constituted ~7.2% (PV), 2.6% (SST), 0.5% (TH), 0.5% (NPY), and 4.4% (CCK) of the gray-matter neuron population. Double- and triple-labeling revealed that NPY neurons were also SST-immunoreactive (97.7%), and TH neurons were more likely to express SST (34.2%) than PV (14.6%). A subpopulation of CCK neurons (28.0%) also expressed PV, but none contained SST. Together, these results revealed the density and distribution patterns of different interneuron populations and the overlap between molecular markers in epileptic human cortex.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Brain Chemistry , Genetics , Physiology , Cerebral Cortex , Metabolism , Pathology , Child , Cholecystokinin , Metabolism , Epilepsy , Pathology , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Physiology , Humans , Interneurons , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Neuropeptide Y , Metabolism , Parvalbumins , Metabolism , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Metabolism , Somatostatin , Metabolism , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase , Metabolism , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752117

ABSTRACT

Objective: To conduct a comprehensive and systematic review of the efficacy and safety of Wenxin Keli (WXKL) in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) . Methods: Seven databases (PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web ofScience, CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP and SinoMed) were searched to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inceptions to 1 October, 2018. Two review authors independently assessed the methodological quality andanalyzed data by Cochrane handbook and the Rev Man 5.3 software. Begg.s test was conducted to assess publication biasvia Stata 14 software. Results: Twenty-four RCTs with 2246 patients were included in this review. Compared with blankcontrol, placebo or western medicine alone, WXKL alone or combined with western medicine could effectively reducerapid ventricular rate (MD=-7.14, 95%CI:-8.42——5.87), the frequency and duration of AF. It could also shorten thesinus rhythm conversion time (MD=-3.04, 95%CI:-3.47——2.61), increase the sinus rhythm conversion rate (RR=1.19, 95% CI: 1.09~1.29) and decrease recurrence rate of AF (RR=0.28, 95% CI: 0.13-0.59) . Besides, WXKL alone orcombined with western medicine was beneficial for improving the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (MD=3.44, 95% CI: 0.87-6.01), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) (MD=-2.47, 95% CI:-2.86——2.08), left atrialdiameter (LAd) (MD=-0.91, 95%CI:-1.58——0.25) and P wave dispersion (Pd) (MD=-4.04, 95%CI:-4.15——3.93) .WXKL combined with low-dose amiodarone was superior to conventional-dose amiodarone alone in improving themaximum P wave (Pmax) (MD=-8.25, 95% CI:-10.33——6.17), and WXKL combined with conventional-doseamiodarone is more effective (MD=-13.10, 95%CI:-13.65——12.55) . Compared with the control group, the treatmentgroup had fewer adverse reactions, and the Begg.s test did not find any publication bias. Conclusion: WXKL alone orcombined with western medicine exhibited better therapeutic effects in the treatment of AF, but these results still needhigh-quality evidence to verify.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752113

ABSTRACT

The herb-drug combination is becoming more and more common. The safety evaluation method is a complex evaluation system. This paper analyzed Pubmed database from 2008 to 2018, and summarized the characteristics of safety evaluation method, and the characteristics are listed as below: (1) Exposure safety issues in real world; (2) The combination use is complex and difficult to evaluate. There are the existing safety assessment methods including literature induction, prospective test, questionnaire survey, etc. Although safety evaluation has been carried out from different angles, there is still a lack of comprehensive and reasonable safety evaluation method. The team tried to combine clinical phenotype and mechanism characteristics to provide more reasonable methodological support for clinical safety evaluation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752112

ABSTRACT

This study introduces 5 methods of causality assessment of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) domestic and overseas. According to the assessment of ministry of public health of China, the key points about the relevance analysis have been illuminated for the post-evaluation of Chinese patent medicine. Under the guidance of the causality assessment, we should describe the ADR reports in detail and further detect the accurate ADR warning signals. In order to supplement the ADR information, more researches concerning the ADR mechanism should be fully explored.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752111

ABSTRACT

The insufficient reporting of adverse reactions of Chinese proprietary medicines is common. In addition, there is a lack of safety information in the specifications of Chinese proprietary medicines, which led to less evidence for clinical safety of Chinese proprietary medicines in clinical practice. It is urgent to carry out post-marketing clinical safety re-evaluation of Chinese proprietary medicine. Developing a clinical safety evaluation data set for Chinese proprietary medicine may reduce the insufficient reporting of safety information and the inconsistency of data reporting in similar studies, as well as include more studies in systematic reviews, so that they can provide higher-level evidence for clinical safety of Chinese proprietary medicine. This paper proposes a method for developing core data set of clinical safety evaluation of Chinese proprietary medicine: firstly, the application scope of core data set for clinical safety evaluation was determined according to the characteristics of diseases, population, research objectives, administration methods, evaluation methods, etc. Systematic reviews and semi-structured interviews should be conducted to develop the list of original items for clinical safety evaluation. Based on the list, Delphi surveys can be developed in different stakeholders. Then the final core data set can be developed via consensus meetings.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752110

ABSTRACT

In clinical practice, the application of Traditional Chinese Medicine injections (TCMIs) has several problems, for example, at some time, the components are complicated, the ingredients and pyrogen are uncontrollable, the usage, the dosage, and the drug interactions are unclear and the method of application is also ambiguous and non-standard. The factors have restricted the development of TCMIs. Based on the policies of the TCMI package inserts since 2006, this paper takes consideration of the problems and gives suggestions of making strict, normal and evidence-based TCMI package inserts.

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