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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286883


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the characteristics of lymphocyte phenotypes in hepatitis B virus (HBV) transgenic mice and the effect of exogenous interferon-α on virological profiles and lymphocytes phenotypes of the mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HBV transgenic mice and wild-type (WT) mice were examined for serum levels of HBsAg, HBcAb, IL-21, and IL-6 using ELISA. The frequencies of CD4(+)T and CD19(+)B cells separated from the liver, spleen, and peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Nine HBV transgenic mice were injected subcutaneously with recombinant mouse interferon alpha (rmIFN-α) and another 9 transgenic mice were injected with PBS, and their HBsAg, HBV DNA, IL-6, and IL-21 levels and frequencies of peripheral blood CD4(+)T and CD19(+)B cells were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HBV transgenic mice showed a high level of HBsAg with a detectable level of HBcAb and significantly increased serum levels of IL-21 and IL-6 as compared with WT mice (P<0.05). The transgenic mice had a significantly lower frequency of CD4(+) T cells in the peripheral blood, liver and spleen (P<0.05) but a significantly higher frequency of CD19(+) B cells in the liver (P<0.05). An inverse correlation between intrahepatic CD4(+) T cell frequency and serum HBsAg level while a positive correlation between intrahepatic CD19(+) B cell frequency and HBcAb level were found in HBV transgenic mice. Administration of rmIFN-α significantly increased the frequencies of CD4(+) T and CD19(+) B cells in the peripheral blood and the serum level of IL-6 in HBV transgenic mice (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HBV transgenic mice have lymphocyte subset dysregulation and exogenous interferon-α can modulate the immune function of the mice by regulating the frequencies of lymphocyte subsets.</p>

Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , B-Lymphocytes , DNA, Viral , Blood , Hepatitis B , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Interferon-alpha , Pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Interleukins , Blood , Liver , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets , Cell Biology , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Phenotype , T-Lymphocytes