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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 18-24, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the outcomes after acupoint application in patients with pharyngeal pain in a real-world settings, and analyze the characteristics of effective population and prescription characteristics of acupoint application.@*METHODS@#Based on CHUNBO platform, patients with pharyngeal pain who were candidates for acupoint application on the basis of physician-evaluation, were enrolled in a nationwide, prospective, 69-week multicenter observational study from August 2020 to February 2022. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match the confounding factors and the association rules were used to analyze the characteristics of effective population and prescription characteristics of acupoint application. Outcome assessments included the disappearance rate of pharyngeal pain (within 3, 7, and 14 days), disappearance time of pharyngeal pain, as well as adverse events.@*RESULTS@#Of 7,699 enrolled participants, 6,693 (86.9%) received acupoint application and 1,450 (21.7%) with non-acupoint application. After PSM, there were 1,004 patients each in the application group (AG) and non-application group (NAG). The disappearance rate of pharyngeal pain in the AG at 3, 7, and 14 days were all higher than those in the NAG (P<0.05). The disappearance time of pharyngeal pain in the AG were shorter than that in the NAG (logrank P<0.001, hazard ratio=1.51, 95% confidence interval: 1.41-1.63). The median age of effective cases was 4 years, mainly 3-6 years old (40.21%). The disappearance rate of pharyngeal pain in the application group with tonsil diseases was 2.19 times higher than that in the NAG (P<0.05). The commonly used acupoints for the effective cases were Tiantu (RN 22), Shenque (RN 8) and Dazhui (DU 14). The commonly used herbs for the effective cases were Natrii sulfas, Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, and Herba Ephedrae. Among them, Natrii sulfas was applied to RN 8 most frequently (support 84.39%). A total of 1,324 (17.2%) patients experienced AEs, and mainly occurred in the AG, with significant difference in the incidence of AEs between goups (P<0.05). All AEs reported were the first grade, and the average regression days of AEs was 2.8 days.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupoint application in patients with pharyngeal pain resulted in improved effective rate and shortened duration, especially children aged 3-6 years old, and those with tonsil diseases. Acupoint of RN 22, RN 8 and DU 14, Natrii sulfas, Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, and Herba Ephedrae were the most commonly used herbs in the treatment of pharyngeal pain.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Acupuncture Points , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Prospective Studies , Pain
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 8-13, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the cause of inconsistency between the results of trisomy 7 by expanded non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT-PLUS) and trisomy 18 by prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#A pregnant woman who received genetic counseling at Jiaozuo Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital on July 5, 2020 was selected as the study subject. NIPT-PLUS, systematic ultrasound and interventional prenatal testing were carried out. The middle segment and root of umbilical cord, center and edge of the maternal and fatal surface of the placenta were sampled for the validation by copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq).@*RESULTS@#The result of NIPT-PLUS indicated that the fetus has trisomy 7. Systematic ultrasound has shown multiple malformations including atrioventricular septal defect, horseshoe kidney, and rocker-bottom feet. However, QF-PCR, chromosomal karyotyping analysis, and CNV-seq of amniotic fluid samples all showed that the fetus was trisomy 18. Validation using multiple placental samples confirmed that the middle segment of the umbilical cord contains trisomy 18, the center of the placenta contained trisomy 7, and other placental sites were mosaicism for trisomy 7 and trisomy 18. Notably, the ratio of trisomy 18 became lower further away from the umbilical cord.@*CONCLUSION@#The false positive results of trisomy 7 and false negative trisomy 18 by NIPT-PLUS was probably due to the existence of placental mosaicism. Strict prenatal diagnosis is required needed aneuploidy is detected by NIPT-PLUS to exclude the influence of placental mosaicisms.


Subject(s)
Child , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Trisomy/genetics , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/genetics , Placenta , DNA Copy Number Variations , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Aneuploidy
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 277-283, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005395

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the clinical efficacy of minimally invasive foldable capsular buckle(FCB)scleral buckling in treating rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD).METHOD: This retrospective study enrolled 11 patients(11 eyes)with RRD treated with minimally invasive FCB scleral buckling at the Hainan Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from May to July 2023. The surgeries were performed without subconjunctival anesthesia, extraocular muscle pulling, intraocular positioning, retinal cryotherapy or drainage of subretinal fluid, or FCB suture fixation. Furthermore, the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), intraocular pressure and complications were observed.RESULTS: Minimally invasive FCB scleral buckling was performed on 11 eyes, with successful retinal reattachment in 10 eyes(91%), and the remaining 1 eye(9%)had postoperative retinal re-detachment and underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil filling for multiple retinal tears. One-time successful surgery was in 4 eyes(40%), gas injection in vitreous body after the surgery was performed in 1 eye(10%), FCB position adjustment after the surgery was performed in 3 eyes(30%), gas injection in vitreous body and FCB position adjustment after the surgery were performed in 2 eyes(20%); and FCB was removed 4-12 wk after the surgery in 5 eyes(50%), without retinal redetachment. The average BCVA(LogMAR)of the 10 eyes improved from 1.30±1.10 before surgery to 0.37±0.39 at 4 wk after surgery(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01); the average preoperative intraocular pressure was 11.51±3.37 mmHg and 13.72±2.57 mmHg at 4wk after surgery(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). No serious complications occurred.CONCLUSION:Minimally invasive FCB scleral buckling effectively treats RRD with minimal injury, simple operation, time-saving, and fewer complications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic value of 3 diagnostic criteria of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants with gestational age<32 weeks. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 285 preterm infants with BPD admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2019 to September 2021, who were followed up regularly after discharge. The primary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or severe respiratory morbidity from 36 weeks of corrected gestational age to 18 months of corrected age, and the secondary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or neurodevelopmental impairment. According to the primary or secondary composite adverse outcomes, the preterm infants were divided into the adverse prognosis group and the non-adverse prognosis group. The 2001 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) criteria, 2018 NICHD criteria, and 2019 Neonatal Research Network (NRN) criteria were used to diagnose and grade BPD in preterm infants. Chi-square test, Logistic regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Delong test were used to analyze the prognostic value of the 3 diagnostic criteria. Results: The 285 preterm infants had a gestational age of 29.4 (28.1, 30.6) weeks and birth weight of 1 230 (1 000, 1 465) g, including 167 males (58.6%). Among 285 premature infants who completed follow-up, the primary composite adverse outcome occurred in 124 preterm infants (43.5%), and the secondary composite adverse outcome occurred in 40 preterm infants (14.0%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that severe BPD according to the 2001 NICHD criteria, gradeⅡand Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 2 and 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria were all risk factors for primary composite adverse outcomes (all P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.70 and 0.70 vs. 0.61, Z=4.49 and 3.35, both P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.38, P=0.702). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the secondary composite adverse outcomes were all associated with grade Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria (both P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.71 and 0.71 vs. 0.58, Z=2.93 and 3.67, both P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.02, P=0.984). Conclusion: The 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria demonstrate good and comparable predictive value for the primary and secondary composite adverse outcomes in preterm infants with BPD, surpassing the predictive efficacy of the 2001 NICHD criteria.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age
5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 468-471, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of esketamine for multimodal analgesia on opioid consumption and gastric motility in mechanically ventilated non-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS Forty cases of mechanically ventilated non-surgical patients in the ICU of our hospital from February 1st, 2023 to July 31st, 2023 were selected and randomly divided into control group and esketamine (S-K) group using grouping method with opaque envelopes, with 20 cases in each group. Control group was given sufentanil, and S-K group was infused with Esketamine hydrochloride injection at a constant rate of 0.2 mg/(kg·h)+ sufentanil. The treatment period length, analgesic compliance rate, sedation level, analgesic and sedative consumption, and gastric motility indexes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS There was no statistically significant difference in the treatment period length, analgesic compliance rate, sedation level, or the consumption of propofol and midazolam between the two groups (P>0.05). The consumption of sufentanil in the S-K group was significantly less than control group (P< 0.05). Compared with 1 h after randomization, the antral contraction frequency, antral contraction amplitude and antral motility index of patients in the S-K group were significantly higher at 72 h after randomization and were significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Esketamine may reduce opioid consumption and improve gastric motility in mechanically ventilated non-surgical ICU patients while ensuring a level of analgesic sedation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 88-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the expression patterns of SMG family members and aortic dissection by comparing the expression levels of SMGs in aortic wall of patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection(AD) and normal controls.Methods:The aortic wall samples were collected from 31 normal controls and 65 patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection. The mRNA levels of SMGs in the aortic wall were quantified by RT-PCR, and the correlations between SMGs and aortic diameters of patients with aortic dissection were analyzed.Results:The results of RT-PCR showed that compared with normal aortic wall, the mRNA levels of SMG3(0.642±0.529 vs. 1.126±0.858, P=0.023), SMG6(0.737±0.652 vs. 1.877±1.902, P=0.005), and SMG7(0.624±0.449 vs. 1.339±0.866, P=0.00067) were obviously increased in aortic wall of patients with aortic dissection, while comparable mRNA levels of SMG1, SMG2, SMG4, SMG5, SMG8 and SMG9 were detected between these two groups. In addition, there was no significant correlation between the expression levels of SMG3, SMG6, SMG7 and aortic diameters. Conclusion:The expression levels of SMG3, SMG6 and SMG7mRNA were significantly increased in patients with aortic dissection, suggesting that they may promote the occurrence of aortic dissection, and targeting SMG family members expected to a novel strategy for the prevention and treatment of aortic dissection.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 787-795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994895

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore anti-seizure medication (ASM) treatment patterns, seizures, maternal and fetal outcomes and offspring outcomes of pregnant women with epilepsy (PWWE) who withdraw ASM in the first trimester of pregnancy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the PWWE database registered in West China Hospital, Sichuan University from January 2009 to October 2022. Patients who withdrew ASM therapy in the first trimester and those who maintained ASM therapy throughout pregnancy were included. Withdrawal in the first trimester was defined as discontinuation of ASM between 0 and 3 months of pregnancy. Sixty-five PWWE (withdrawal group) who withdraw ASM in the first trimester were included, and 130 PWWE (maintained-therapy group) who took ASM throughout pregnancy in West China Hospital during the same period were matched 1∶2. Demographic characteristics, ASM, seizures, maternal and fetal outcomes within 1 year were compared between the 2 groups. In the subgroup analysis, the withdrawal group was divided into a full withdrawal group ( n=53) and a resumption group ( n=12) according to whether the ASM was resumed in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, and the 2 groups were stratified and compared. Results:In the withdrawal group, the proportion of patients with bachelor degree below [72.3% (47/65) vs 54.6% (71/130), χ 2=5.68, P=0.017], family income less than 5 000 yuan per capita [44.6% (29/65) vs 18.5% (24/130), χ 2=14.98, P<0.001], a family history of epilepsy [12.3% (8/65) vs 3.1% (4/130), χ 2=4.90, P=0.027], and a second pregnancy [43.1% (28/65) vs 26.2% (34/130), χ 2=5.72, P=0.017] was higher than in the maintained-therapy group. The proportion of patients who received multiple ASM was lower in the withdrawal group than in the maintained-therapy group [16.9% (11/65) vs 38.5% (50/130), χ 2=9.35, P=0.002]. In the withdrawal group, the rate of seizures with tonic-clonic seizures during pregnancy [50.8% (33/65) vs 31.5% (41/130), χ 2=6.81, P=0.009] and seizure exacerbation during pregnancy [32.3% (21/65) vs 9.2% (12/130), χ 2=16.41, P<0.001] was higher. The preterm birth rate in the withdrawal group was lower than that in the maintained-therapy group [4.6% (3/65) vs 19.2% (25/130), χ 2=101.70, P<0.001]. The rate of seizure exacerbation during pregnancy was higher in the resumption group than in the full withdrawal group [7/12 vs 26.4% (14/53), χ 2=3.22, P=0.073]. Conclusions:PWWE with a family history of epilepsy and a second pregnancy were more likely to withdraw ASM during pregnancy. After withdrawal, the seizures during pregnancy were significantly worse, but the preterm birth rate of offspring was relatively reduced.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 803-809, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the awareness status and its influencing factors among parents of preschool children.Methods:Data was collected from the National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for 0-18 Year Children in China. A total of 2 625 children aged 3-5 years and their parents living in northern and southern regions of China were randomly selected by multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. The physical measurements were performed for the children, including height and weight; and the body mass index (BMI) and age-for-BMI Z-score (BAZ) were calculated. The questionnaire survey was conducted for the parents, including the demographic characteristics of parents and their children, the perception of their child′s nutritional status (overweight/obesity, normal, wasting) etc. According to WHO standards, the nutritional status of the children was classified as wasting, normal and overweight/obesity. The awareness of parents on their children′s nutritional status was classified as underestimated, correct, overestimated and unclear. Parents′ inability to correctly judge children′s nutritional status was defined as cognitive bias, including underestimation bias and overestimation bias. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of parents′ underestimation or overestimation of children′s nutritional status.Results:Among 2 625 enrolled preschool children, there were 1 312 boys (50.0%) and 1 313 girls (50.0%); and 648 (24.7%), 944 (36.0%) and 1 033 (39.3%) children aged 3, 4 and 5 years, respectively. One parent (mother, farther or others) of each child was selected for survey, and most of them were mothers (1 998(76.1%)). The prevalence rate of overweight/obesity and wasting was 10.3% (270/2 625) and 1.4% (38/2 625), respectively; and 2 317 children (88.3%) were normal. Among all parents surveyed, 1 766 (67.3%) were correct about their children′s nutritional status (correct group), 612 (23.3%) underestimated their children′s nutritional status (underestimated group), 213 (8.1%) overestimated their children′s nutritional status (overestimated group) and 34 (1.3%) were not aware of their children′s nutritional status (unclear group). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that girls ( OR=0.817, 95% CI: 0.678-0.984), living in rural areas ( OR=0.801, 95% CI: 0.662-0.969), large birth weight of child ( OR=0.639, 95% CI: 0.420-0.970) were protective factors for parents underestimating children′s nutritional status. Living in the northern region ( OR=1.698, 95% CI: 1.260-2.290), large birth weight of children ( OR=1.826, 95% CI: 1.149-2.902), father with overweight/obesity ( OR=1.467, 95% CI: 1.089-1.977) and maternal overweight/obesity ( OR=1.778, 95% CI: 1.308-2.417) were the risk factors for parents to overestimate the nutritional status of children. Conclusions:The survey shows that parents of preschool children have a relatively high cognitive bias on the nutritional status of their children. Parents of girls, living in rural areas or having child with large birth weight are less likely to underestimate the nutritional status of children; parents living in northern regions, having a child with large birth weight, or with overweight/obese are likely to overestimate the nutritional status of children.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 23-29, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between the preoperative nocturnal blood pressure pattern and postoperative complications in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery.Methods:A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in 131 elderly patients undergoing elective laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery under general anesthesia between September 2018 and September 2021.All subjects underwent 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 1 day before surgery and, based on the nocturnal blood pressure pattern, patients were divided into two groups.Those with the nocturnal blood pressure reduction rate ≥0% entered the nocturnal blood pressure reduction group(Group D, n=80), and those with the reduction rate <0% entered the nocturnal blood pressure increase group(Group R, n=51). Differences in postoperative complication rates between the two groups were compared, and multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of postoperative complications.Results:(1)Compared with Group D, the prevalence of diabetes and left ventricular mass index were significantly increased and the mean nighttime SBP and DBP were significantly increased in Group R( P<0.05); (2)Compared with Group D, the incidence of acute kidney injury and acute heart failure in Group R was significantly higher( P<0.05), with the relative risk( RR)values at 2.941(95% CI: 1.344-6.435)and 3.660(95% CI: 0.991-13.512), respectively; (3)Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that elevated blood pressure at night was an independent risk factor for acute kidney injury after surgery( OR=3.700, 95% CI: 1.286-10.648, P=0.015); (4)Kaplan-Meier curves for acute kidney injury and acute heart failure showed that the cumulative incidence of events in Group R was significantly higher than that in Group D(Log rank test: P<0.05). Conclusions:For elderly patients undergoing selective laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery, preoperative nocturnal blood pressure patterns were associated with postoperative complications.Elevated preoperative nocturnal blood pressure increases the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury and heart failure, and elevated nocturnal blood pressure is an independent risk factor for acute kidney injury.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 668-672, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992995

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of fetal lung volume and mediastinal shift angle (MSA) based on fetal MRI in predicting the prognosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).Methods:Fetuses with left CDH that did fetal MRI in Xinhua Hospital Affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from September 2016 to January 2022 were retrospectively collected. There were 65 patients, and their gestational age was 29 (26, 35) weeks when they were diagnosed with left CDH by MRI. Observed fetal lung volume and MSA were measured based on fetal MRI, and observed/expected lung volume (o/eFLV) based on gestational age was calculated. The clinical data were collected from birth to discharge, and patients were divided into survival group and death group in case of prognosis at discharge, with 54 cases in the survival group and 11 cases in the death group. The student′s t test was used to compare the difference of o/eFLV and MSA between the survival group and the death group, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of o/eFLV and MSA in predicting the prognosis of left CDH. Results:The o/eFLV of the survival group was 51.5%±18.3%, higher than that of the death group (27.8%±4.4%), and the difference was significant ( t=8.29, P<0.001). The MSA of the survival group was 33.1°±1.2°, lower than that of the death group (41.8°±2.7°), and the difference was significant ( t=-11.15, P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of o/eFLV to predict the fetal survival or death was 0.939 (95%CI 0.851-0.983), the cutoff value was 33.8%, the sensitivity was 100%, the specificity was 88.9%. The AUC of MSA was 0.998 (95%CI 0.941-1.000), the cutoff value was 37.2°, the sensitivity was 100%, the specificity was 98.2%. Conclusions:The o/eFLV and MSA that were measured based on fetal MRI can effectively predict the fetus′s prognosis with left CDH.

11.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 188-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992076

ABSTRACT

Restricted and repetitive behaviors is the characteristic clinical manifestation of many neuropsychiatric diseases, which seriously affects the work, study and daily communication of patients, and brings huge mental and economic burden to the family and society.Its causes are complex and its manifestations are diverse.Current studies have shown that microglia is closely related to the occurrence of restricted and repetitive behaviors, and the in-depth study of microglia has become a research hotspot to explore the mechanism of restricted and repetitive behaviors.In recent years, studies have found that restricted and repetitive behaviors of various neuropsychiatric diseases (such as frontotemporal dementia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, autism spectrum disorder) are related to microglia.However, reliable evidence for the exact mechanism of microglia involved in restricted and repetitive behaviors remains lacking.This article reviews the recent research progress of microglia involved in restricted and repetitive behaviors.It is expected to provide a new theoretical basis and therapeutic targeting cell for the development and treatment of neuropsychiatric diseases related to restricted and repetitive behaviors in the future.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 146-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the association of appendicular skeletal muscle mass(ASM) to fat mass(FM) ratio in early pregnancy with the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:A total of 468 pregnant women who visited the Nutritional Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital or Shunyi Maternal and Child Care Service Center in 2018 and 2019 were recruited. Detailed information and clinical data were collected. The body components were measured using the bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) method during early pregnancy (< 14 weeks) and the ASM to FM ratio was calculated. The patients were divided into the GDM group and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group according to the results of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) performed during 24-28 weeks. Binary logistics regression was used to explore the correlation between the ASM/FM ratio and the risk of GDM. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve of subjects was used to evaluate the predictive value of ASM/FM ratio for GDM and the cut-off value was reported.Results:Compared to the NGT group, the ASM and FM in early pregnancy in the GDM group were significantly higher, while the ASM/FM ratio was significantly lower. A lower ASM/FM ratio in early pregnancy was one of the risk factors of developing GDM. The cut-off value of the ASM/FM ratio was 0.809. The area under the ROC curve for predicting GDM increased from 68.1% to 72.3% when ASM/FM ratio was incorporated, with a significant difference by Delong test ( P = 0.006). Conclusion:Inadequate muscle mass would increase the risk of GDM and the ASM/FM ratio could serve as a predictor of GDM.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1179-1182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of case-based learning (CBL) combined with flipped classroom in the teaching of experimental diagnostics in the integrated course of Diagnosis and Treatment Fundamentals. Methods:The cluster random sampling method was used to select the class of 2019 in the eight-year program and the class of 2020 in the five-year program, with the major of stomatology in Air Force Medical University. The 24 students in the observation group received CBL combined flipped classroom, and the 37 students in the control group received traditional teaching. The two groups were compared in terms of theoretical assessment score, classroom assessment score, comprehensive ability, self-learning ability, and degree of satisfaction with teaching. SPSS 22.0 was used for the t-test. Results:The observation group had a significantly higher theoretical assessment score than the control group [(74.88±3.46) vs. (71.89±4.45), P<0.05]. The observation group had significantly better scores of practical skill assessment than the control group ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly better scores of comprehensive ability and self-learning ability ( P<0.05). The observation group had significantly better scores of satisfaction with teaching than the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of CBL combined with flipped classroom in the teaching of experimental diagnostics in the integrated course of Diagnosis and Treatment Fundamentals can improve theoretical knowledge, practical skills, comprehensive quality, and satisfaction with teaching among students, and therefore, it holds promise for application in teaching.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 838-842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991421

ABSTRACT

Practice teaching is an important link in the training of public health talents in colleges and universities. At present, there are still some problems in the education of public health and preventive medicine in the colleges and universities in China, such as attaching greater importance to theory than to practice and weak training of practical skills among students. In view of this situation, a public health practice teaching model of "internal-external interactions" has been constructed in Dalian Medical University with focuses on the following aspects: ①experiments in the university are optimized based on social needs; ②the practice base outside the university is expanded based on the teaching in the university; ③"internal-external interactions" are adopted to enhance practice training and improve post competence. The teaching practice shows that the implementation of the teaching model of "internal-external interactions" can help to improve practice teaching ability, promote the improvement in the training quality of public health talents, and meet the social demand for application-oriented professionals.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 297-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of rumination on learning burnout of nursing undergraduate students and the mediating role of psychological capital between rumination and learning burnout of nursing undergraduate students.Methods:A total of 296 undergraduate nursing students from three medical colleges were assessed by using ruminative responses scale, learning burnout questionnaire and psychological capital scale. SPSS 20.0 was used for t-test. Pearson correlation was to analyze the relationship among psychological capital, learning burnout and ruminative thinking. AMOS 20.0 was used to construct and analyze the mediating model of psychological capital and its mediating effect was tested by Bootstrap method. Results:The average score of rumination of nursing undergraduate students was 46.60±11.40, learning burnout score was 56.18±11.25, and psychological capital scale score was 99.93±15.27. There was a significant difference among the rumination, psychological capital, and learning burnout scores in whether there was curriculum failure ( P < 0.05). The total score of rumination was positively related to the total score of learning burnout ( r = 0.39, P < 0.01), and was negatively related to the total score of psychological capital ( r = -0.53, P < 0.01). The total score of rumination was negatively related to the total score of psychological capital ( r = -0.46, P < 0.01). The psychological capital played a partial mediating role between rumination and learning burnout. The mediating effect value was 0.216, accounting for 61.521% of the total variation. Conclusion:The rumination can both directly affect the learning burnout of nursing undergraduate students and indirectly affect the learning burnout through psychological capital. Psychological capital plays a bridge role in improving rumination related to learning burnout.

16.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 768-780, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010798

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have revealed that patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) exhibit differences in symptom severity and prognosis, indicating potential HCM subtypes among these patients. Here, 793 patients with HCM were recruited at an average follow-up of 32.78 ± 27.58 months to identify potential HCM subtypes by performing consensus clustering on the basis of their echocardiography features. Furthermore, we proposed a systematic method for illustrating the relationship between the phenotype and genotype of each HCM subtype by using machine learning modeling and interactome network detection techniques based on whole-exome sequencing data. Another independent cohort that consisted of 414 patients with HCM was recruited to replicate the findings. Consequently, two subtypes characterized by different clinical outcomes were identified in HCM. Patients with subtype 2 presented asymmetric septal hypertrophy associated with a stable course, while those with subtype 1 displayed left ventricular systolic dysfunction and aggressive progression. Machine learning modeling based on personal whole-exome data identified 46 genes with mutation burden that could accurately predict subtype propensities. Furthermore, the patients in another cohort predicted as subtype 1 by the 46-gene model presented increased left ventricular end-diastolic diameter and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. By employing echocardiography and genetic screening for the 46 genes, HCM can be classified into two subtypes with distinct clinical outcomes.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 303-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for exploring alternative resources of Gentiana rigescens from the plants of Gentiana. METHODS The contents of four components (gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, swertioside and amarogentin) in the roots and rhizomes from 3 plants of Gentiana (G. rigescens, G. cephalantha, G. delavayi) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The chemical compositions in the above roots and rhizomes were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization quarter-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS), and the differences were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA). RESULTS Four active components such as gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, swertioside and amarogentin were detected in the roots and rhizomes of G. rigescens and G. cephalantha, and the contents of the four components were similar in both. The contents of gentiopicroside in the root and rhizome of G. cephalantha and G.rigescens were more than four times of the limit standard of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (Part Ⅰ) in 2020; However, only swertiamarin, swertioside and amarogentin were detected in the roots and rhizomes of G.delavayi, and the contents of swertioside and amarogentin were 34.12 and 8.81 times of those of G. rigescens, respectively. In addition, a total of 33 compounds 术。E-mail:515227235@qq.com were identified from the roots and rhizomes of 3 plants of Gentiana by UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS, mainly iridoids. Additionally, G. rigescens and G. cephalantha contained xantones, G. delavayi contained flavonoids. PCA showed that there was a small difference between G. rigescens and G. cephalantha; however, there was a big difference between G. delavayi and G. rigescens. CONCLUSIONS The difference between the roots and rhizomes of G. cephalantha and G. rigescens from the same origin is small and there is substitutability; while the difference in the chemical components from roots and rhizomes between G. delavayi and G. rigescens is great and G. delavayi cannot be used as medicine instead of G. rigescens.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 910-921, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980842

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of obesity has increased worldwide in recent decades. Genetic factors are now known to play a substantial role in the predisposition to obesity and may contribute up to 70% of the risk for obesity. Technological advancements during the last decades have allowed the identification of many hundreds of genetic markers associated with obesity. However, the transformation of current genetic variant-obesity associations into biological knowledge has been proven challenging. Genomics and proteomics are complementary fields, as proteomics extends functional analyses. Integrating genomic and proteomic data can help to bridge a gap in knowledge regarding genetic variant-obesity associations and to identify new drug targets for the treatment of obesity. We provide an overview of the published papers on the integrated analysis of proteomic and genomic data in obesity and summarize four mainstream strategies: overlap, colocalization, Mendelian randomization, and proteome-wide association studies. The integrated analyses identified many obesity-associated proteins, such as leptin, follistatin, and adenylate cyclase 3. Despite great progress, integrative studies focusing on obesity are still limited. There is an increased demand for large prospective cohort studies to identify and validate findings, and further apply these findings to the prevention, intervention, and treatment of obesity. In addition, we also discuss several other potential integration methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proteome/metabolism , Proteomics , Prospective Studies , Obesity/genetics , Genomics , Genome-Wide Association Study
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 679-683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980778

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on liver protein kinase B (Akt)/forkhead box transcription factor 1 (FoxO1) signaling pathway in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, and to explore the possible mechanism of EA on improving liver insulin resistance of type 2 diabetes mellitus.@*METHODS@#Twelve male 2-month-old ZDF rats were fed with high-fat diet for 4 weeks to establish diabetes model. After modeling, the rats were randomly divided into a model group and an EA group, with 6 rats in each group. In addition, six male Zucker lean (ZL) rats were used as the blank group. The rats in the EA group were treated with EA at bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Weiwanxiashu" (EX-B 3), and "Pishu" (BL 20). The ipsilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Weiwanxiashu" (EX-B 3) were connected to EA device, continuous wave, frequency of 15 Hz, 20 min each time, once a day, six times a week, for a total of 4 weeks. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) in each group was compared before modeling, before intervention and after intervention; the serum levels of insulin (INS) and C-peptide were measured by radioimmunoassay method, and the insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated; HE staining method was used to observe the liver tissue morphology; Western blot method was used to detect the protein expression of Akt, FoxO1 and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) in the liver.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, compared with the blank group, FBG was increased in the model group and the EA group (P<0.01); after intervention, compared with the model group, FBG in the EA group was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the serum levels of INS and C-peptide, HOMA-IR, and the protein expression of hepatic FoxO1 and PEPCK were increased (P<0.01), while the protein expression of hepatic Akt was decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the serum levels of INS and C-peptide, HOMA-IR, and the protein expression of hepatic FoxO1 and PEPCK were decreased (P<0.01), while the protein expression of hepatic Akt was increased (P<0.01) in the EA group. In the model group, the hepatocytes were structurally disordered and randomly arranged, with a large number of lipid vacuoles in the cytoplasm. In the EA group, the morphology of hepatocytes tended to be normal and lipid vacuoles were decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#EA could reduce FBG and HOMA-IR in ZDF rats, improve liver insulin resistance, which may be related to regulating Akt/FoxO1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Zucker , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Insulin Resistance , C-Peptide , Electroacupuncture , Liver , Signal Transduction , Insulin , Lipids
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 427-431, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking on menstrual migraine (MM) of qi stagnation and blood stasis, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 cases of MM with qi stagnation and blood stasis were randomly divided into an observation group (51 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (51 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking. The bloodletting was performed at vein at upper 1/3 of the dorsalis near the ear helix; the auricular point sticking was performed at Pizhixia (AT4), Neifenmi (CO18), Jiaogan (AH6a), Nie (AT2), Zhen (AT3), Shenmen (TF4) and Yidan (CO11). The auricular points of both ears were alternate used. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein was given once every 7 days, 3 times were taken as a course of treatment, and 1 course of treatment was given; the auricular point sticking was given once every 3 days, and 6 times of treatment were given. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of flunarizine hydrochloride capsules. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, flunarizine hydrochloride was given 2 capsules per time, once a day for 3 weeks. The menstrual headache index and visual analogue scale (VAS) score of the two groups were observed before treatment, one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and the second menstrual cycle after treatment; the migraine-specific quality of life questionnaire (MSQ) score and the serum levels of estradiol (E2) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were compared before treatment and one menstrual cycle into treatment; the clinical efficacy was evaluated at one menstrual cycle into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the menstrual headache index and VAS scores were reduced at one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and second menstrual cycle after treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MSQ scores and the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT in the two groups were increased at one menstrual cycle into treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 95.8% (46/48) in the observation group, which was higher than 73.5% (36/49) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking could relieve headache intensity, improve the quality of life in patients with MM of qi stagnation and blood stasis, which may be achieved by raising the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT to improve the level of hormone in the body.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture, Ear , Bloodletting , Serotonin , Capsules , Flunarizine , Qi , Quality of Life , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Headache/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points
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