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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1048-1054, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779693

ABSTRACT

In this study, the three dimensional(3D)organoid culture system was established by liquid overlay method, and applied as an effective model to evaluate the hepatic injury of susceptible compounds in Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Compared with the ordinary two dimensional(2D)culture of liver cells, the albumin expression of L02 cells and HepG2 cells were increased by 2.5 and 6.7 times in the 3D organoid culture system, respectively. After the cultivation of 21 days, urea generation levels of 3D culture were increased by 8.3 and 15.5 times. More importantly, HepG2 cells were more suitable to development of organoids than L02 cells. The gene expressions of phase I and II drug metabolism enzymes of HepG2 cells cultured as 3D organoids were significantly increased than that in 2D culture, such as the fold changes of CYP2C9 was up to 381.9, CYP3A4 to 87.0, CYP2D6 to 312.6. In addition, drug transporter relative genes were also up-regulated. The results demonstrated that the liver synthesis and metabolic function of the 3D model were better than that of the 2D cultured hepatocytes. The results of hepatotoxicity evaluation showed this developed model can be used to assess the hepatotoxicity of acetaminophen and other positive control drugs, which were considered with defined hepatotoxicity. On the 3D culture model, the IC50 value of repeated drug dose administration was significantly lower than that of single dose administration. However, the IC50 of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-cis-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside(cis-SG), which is the susceptible compound in Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., could not be detected in 2D cultured model. With the treatment of a single dose administration in organ 3D culture model, the IC50 of cis-SG was 1.9 times than that of cyclosporine A, and the IC50 of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside(trans-SG)was 4.1 times than cis-SG. The hepatotoxicity results of cis-SG and trans-SG on the 3D cultures were similar to in vivo toxicity results obtained in previous work. On organ 3D culture model, the IC50 of cis-SG with repeat of administration decreased compared with that with single dose administration, suggesting that long-term medication may increase the risk of liver injury. In summary, the 3D organoid culture system can be used for a long period to preserve the capacity of liver synthesis and metabolism. The organoids were a model suitable for evaluation of mechanism of the drugs with low toxicity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853784

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of six components (indirubin, peimine, peiminine, ginkalide A, ginkalide B, and ginkalide C) in Baikening Granules. Methods: Preparing the samples solution by Soxhlet's extraction using methanol-chloroform as solvent, and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) with a polarity-switching electrospray ionization (ESI) source between positive and negative modes was used for the quantification of indirubin, two peimisines, and three bilobalides. The detection was performed on an Inertsutain C18 column (75 mm × 3.0 mm, 2 μm) using a mobile phase consisted of methanol-acetonitrile and 2 mmol/L ammonium acetate water solution with gradient elution lasting 6 min. Results: All of the analytes showed good linearity (r ≥ 0.995 8) in the tested ranges. The precision, repeatability, and stability of the method were good for the six components. The average recoveries were in the range of 96.5%-105.1% with relative standard deviations (RSD) ≤ 4.2%. Conclusion: The new established polarity-switching LC-MS-MS method has been proven to be highly sensitive and effective in evaluating the quality of Baikening Granules, and peimine, peiminine, ginkalide A, ginkalide B, and ginkalide C are quantified in this drug for the first time.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 692-699, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327963

ABSTRACT

Novel hydrophobic absorbents were synthesized by immobilizing butyl derivative onto the highly cross-linked agarose beads manufatured in China, which are used as matrix. The effect of the spacer arm length (3C, 8C and 10C) and ligand density (from 13 to 45 micromol/mL) on the hydrophobicity were investigated using purified Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) expressed by CHO cell lines. Also considering the effects of salt concentration and pH on HBsAg recovery and purification factor, orthogonal experiment design method was used to evaluated the absorbents. The results showed the butyl-S absorbent with the spacer arm length of C8, the ligand density of 22 micromol/mL gel showed the best performance for the separation of HBsAg. Approximately 100% HBsAg recovery and 60 as purification fold were achieved by this media under the operating condition of pH 7.0 and 9% of salt concentrateion.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Animals , CHO Cells , Chromatography, Agarose , Methods , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Recombinant Proteins
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