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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500052


Objective To investigate the relation between the balloon occlusion test ( BOT) and the anatomy of the circle of Willis ( CW) , and to explore the role of balloon occlusion test in the treatment of internal carotid artery permanent occlusion. Methods Selected the clinical data of 49 patients (52 sides) who had BOT in our hospital from October 2009 to June 2015,and analyzed the relationship be-tween the occurrence rate of anterior communicating artery ( AcoA) / posterior communicating artery ( PcoA) and the positive rate of BOT retrospectively. Results The occurrence rate of the AcoA was 97. 9%, and the occurrence rate of PcoA in one side was 82. 7%. Negative rate BOT accounted for 92. 3% and AcoA occurred in all, while the positive rate accounted for 7. 7%, including 2 cases of right superior ar-teria cerebri anterior combined with ipsilateral PcoAs absence, 1 case of left superior arteria cerebri anterior combined with ipsilateral PcoAs absence, and 1 case of AcoA and PcoAs absence. Conclusion Before the permanent occlusion of the internal carotid artery, it’ s necessary to clarify the redistribution of the compensatory way of blood flow in the AcoA-absent cases. Implementing permanent occlusion for cases with complete circle of Willis would cause less ischemic risk.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491200


Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of curcumin derivatives C66 treatment on hepatic fibrosis .Methods Thirty three C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 3 groups:normal control group ,model control group and curcumin derivatives C66 treatment group .Nine mice in normal control group were fed with water and food .Hepatic fibrosis model was induced in 24 mice by intraperitoneal injection of 40% carbon tetrachloride at a dose of 4 mL/kg for the first time ,followed by 2 mL/kg twice a week for 6 weeks . At week 6 ,6 mice were randomly selected to perform pathological examination to evaluate whether the hepatic fibrosis were successfully induced .Mice with hepatic fibrosis were randomized into model control group and curcumin derivatives C66 treatment group with 9 mice in each group .From week 6 on ,mice in the treatment group were lavaged with curcumin derivatives C66 at a dosage of 10 mg ·/(kg · d) .The rest mice were administered with equivalent dosage of 0 .5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium .Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ,aspartate aminotransferase (AST ) and liver hydroxyproline ( Hyp ) contents were detected , and the semi‐quantitative analysis of liver fibrosis was performed by pathological examination in hepatic tissue by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson staining .The expressions of collagen Ⅰ ,α‐smooth muscle actin (α‐SMA) mRNA and collagen Ⅰ ,α‐SMA ,nuclear factor‐kappa B p65 (NF‐κB p65) ,inhibitor kappa B alpha (IκBα) protein in each group were detected by quantitative real‐time polymerase chain reaction (RT‐PCR) and Western blot .Data were analyzed with one‐way ANOVA analysis .Results The serum levels of ALT and AST in model control group ,C66 treatment group and normal control group were (202 .71 ± 19 .66 ) U/L , (233 .42 ± 23 .97 ) U/L ;(102 .00 ± 11 .04 ) U/L , (120 .87 ± 13 .83 ) U/L ;(36 .66 ± 6 .37) U/L and (43 .33 ± 8 .08)U/L ,respectively .The differences between model and normal control group were both significant (t=23 .96 and 22 .39 ,respectively ;both P<0 .05) .The C66 treatment group showed significantly lower levels of serum ALT and AST in contrast with model control group (t =11 .56 and 10 .52 ,respectively ;both P<0 .05) .Compared to the model control group ,hepatic Hyp contents in normal control group and C66 treatment group were significantly different (t= 17 .50 , P< 0 .05;t=11 .45 ,P<0 .05) .Collagen Ⅰand α‐SMA mRNA expressions in C66 treatment group were remarkably lower in contrast with that in model control group (t= 7 .23 and 7 .95 ,respectively ;both P< 0 .05) . Protein levels of Collagen Ⅰ ,α‐SMA and NF‐κB p65 decreased in C66 treatment group ,while IκBαincreased significantly (all P<0 .05) .Conclusion The application of C66 can contribute to the regression of liver fibrosis and the mechanism may rely on the regulation of NF‐κB expression .

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 429-433, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469108


Objective To study the effectiveness of niacinamide in treating maintenance hemodialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia.Methods It was a prospective and randomized controlled trial.Patients with hyperphosphatemia (serum phosphate > 1.45 mmol/L) were randomly assigned into two groups:control group (continue their original phosphate binder and rocaltrol treatment) and niacinamide therapy group (additionally received niacinamide,titrated from 600 mg/d to 1200 mg/d).The treatment lasted for 8 weeks.Serum phosphate and calcium were tested every 2 weeks and normalized protein catabolic rate and other relevant indexes were tested monthly.Results 100 patients were recruited and 93 of them completed the trial,including 44 from the therapy group and 49 from the control group.By the repeated measures analysis of variance,changes of serum phosphate in two groups displayed a statistical significant difference,but the levels of serum calcium in both remained steady.At the end of trial,compared to control group,therapy group appeared decreased serum phosphate levels [(1.59±0.36) mmol/L vs (1.94±0.25) mmol/L,P < 0.001] and increased serum HDL levels [(1.32±0.54) mmol/L vs (1.09±0.41) mmol/L,P=0.02].Meanwhile,two groups showed no significant difference in intact parathyoid hormone and alkaline phosphatase.Adverse reactions including thrombocytopenia and gastrointestinal dysfunction were observed in niacinamide therapy group.Conclusions Niacinamide is effective on controlling hyperphosphatemia along with phosphate binder in maintenance hemodialysis patients.It also increases the serum HDL levels.Nonetheless,it is important to monitor the number of platelet.