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Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 659-662, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465688


Objective To investigate the effect of special CT monochromatic images on improving imaging quality in Budd-Chiari Syndrome.Methods 40 patients with Budd-Chiari Syndrome underwent CT venography (CTV)with gemstone spectral imaging (GSI).Using the optimal contrast to noise ratio (CNR)curve of GSI software,the optimal CNR monochromatic images of the infe-rior vena cava and hepatic vein were chosen.The CT value of the intrahepatic segment of inferior vena cava,hepatic vein and the same level liver tissue were measured,and the CT value of the same region were measured on 140 kVp mixed energy images and 70 keV images.CNR on the optimal monochromatic images,the 140 kVp mixed energy images and 70 keV images were calculated respectively,and the image quality of the optimal monochromatic image,the 140 kVp mixed energy images and 70 keV images were subjective scoring.One-way ANOVA was used for statistical analysis using SPSS1 7.0 software.Results The optimal keVs from monochromatic images were distributed at 40 keV (50%)and (5 1 ± 1 )keV (50%)for IVC and 40keV (25%)and (53 ± 3)keV (75%)for HV.The CNR and CT value and subjective score of IVC/HV got from the optimal monochromatic images were signifi-cantly higher than those from 140 kVp mixed energy images and 70 keV images respectively(P <0.01 ).Conclusion The optimal monochromatic images provide higher image quality of IVC and HV in patientswithBudd-Chiari syndrome.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464369


Purpose To study the clinic-pathological features, differential diagnosis and prognosis of extragastrointestinal stromal tumor ( EGIST) arising in the vulva and the rectovaginal septum. Methods Clinical manifestations, pathological features, immunohisto-chemistry, gene mutations, treatment and prognosis were analyzed in 1 case of EGIST arising in the vulva and 2 cases of EGIST arising in the rectovaginal septum with review of related literature. Results Case 1 was a 59-years-old woman who was found to have a 4. 4 cm × 3 cm × 3 cm recurrent mass in the right vulva after 6 months of the first resection. Case 2 was a 58-years-old woman who presen-ted with a 7. 3 cm × 6. 1 cm × 4. 6 cm mass in the rectovaginal septum. Case 3 was a 41-year-old woman who presented with an 8. 6 cm × 7. 4 cm × 6. 7 cm mass in the rectovaginal septum. Histologically, the uniform spindle cells showed the interlacing fascicular, whirl-pool and palisade patterns with high cellular density. Mitotic figures were readily identified. Immunohistochemical evaluation revealed that the tumor cells exhibited strong and diffuse staining for CD117, CD34, NES, H-Caldesmon and DOG-1. Molecular analysis showed the gene mutation of c-Kit exon 11 in all 3 cases. Conclusion EGIST should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the mesenchymal tumors arising in the vulva and the rectovaginal septum. The immunohistochemical evaluation and molecular genetic tes-ting are crucial tools for the differential diagnosis and assessment of the prognosis and targeted therapy of EGIST.