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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 329-335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970469

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is an autoimmune disease that seriously affects the physical and mental health of patients, but its pathogenesis is still unclear. At present, clinical treatment drugs include conventional synthetic disease modifing anti-rheumatic drugs(csDMARDs), nonsteroid anti-inflammtory drugs(NSAIDs), hormones, small molecule targeted drugs, biological agents, etc. These drugs can relieve the clinical symptoms of most patients with RA to a certain extent, but there are still many limitations, such as drug adverse reactions and individual differences in drug efficacy. Therefore, the research on drug treatment targets and the development of low-toxicity drugs helps further improve the precise prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of RA. There is an urgent need for efficient and low-toxic treatments to delay the clinical progress of RA. As a treasure of Chinese culture, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is widely used as an alternative therapy in the treatment of various diseases, and has a significant clinical efficacy. TCM therapy(including monomer traditional Chinese medicine, classical compounds, and non-drug therapies) has a significant curative effect on RA. Based on the literature research in recent years, this paper reviewed the clinical and mechanism research of TCM therapy in the treatment of RA, and provided more in-depth thinking for the wide application of TCM therapy in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 749-754, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012224

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of Mayo MASS and R2-ISS staging systems in patients newly diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: A total of 371 patients newly diagnosed with MM in Jiangsu Province Hospital were included in the study. Cytoplasmic light chain immunofluorescence with fluorescence in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH) was performed to detect cytogenetic abnormality. Clinical characteristics were combined to analyze the disease stage and evaluate the prognosis. Results: There were 37 (10.0%), 264 (71.0%), and 70 (18.8%) patients in R-ISS stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) times were 37, 25, and 14 months (P<0.001). The median overall survival (OS) times were not reached (NR), 66, and 30 months (P<0.001). There were 71 (19.1%), 140 (37.7%), and 160 (43.2%) patients in Mayo MASS stages Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ, and the median PFS times periods were 43, 27, and 19 months (P<0.001), and the median OS times were NR, NR, 35 months, respectively (P<0.001). There were, 23 (6.2%), 69 (18.6%), 222 (59.8%), and 57 (15.4%) patients in R2-ISS stages Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ, respectively. The median PFS times were 47, 31, 25, and 15 months (P=0.001), and the median OS times were NR, NR, 49, and 55 months, respectively (P<0.001) . Conclusion: Based on the R-ISS staging system, Mayo MASS, and R2-ISS prognostic staging system incorporated 1q21+, which allows a better stratification. However, the proportion of stage Ⅲ patients in Mayo MASS and R2-ISS staging systems is relatively high, which is considered related to the high incidence of 1q21+ and ISS Ⅲ in the Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 648-654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965794

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the changes in corneal aberrations and the characteristics of visual quality after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(T-PRK)and femtosecond small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)in the correction of low myopia.METHODS: Prospective cohort study. A total of 32 cases(32 eyes)with low myopia who underwent T-PRK surgery and 45 cases(45 eyes)of SMILE surgery at Weifang Eye Hospital from April 2021 to April 2022 were selected. The uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), spherical equivalent(SE), corneal higher-order aberrations(HOAs)and objective visual quality were compared between the two groups.RESULTS:All patients completed the surgery successfully without complications such as infection. At 3mo postoperatively, the safety index was 1.13±0.16 and 1.16±0.17(P=0.48)and the efficacy index was 1.10±0.20 and 1.15±0.18(P=0.27)in the T-PRK and SMILE groups, respectively. The percentage of UCVA(LogMAR)≤0 in the T-PRK and SMILE groups was 94% and 98%, respectively. The percentage of the residual SE within ±0.5D was 88% and 87% in the two groups, respectively. The HOAs and spherical aberration in both groups were significantly increased(P≤0.01), and the increase was not statistically significant between the two groups(P=0.31, 0.89). There was no significant change in horizontal coma, horizontal trefoil and vertical trefoil in both groups(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The vertical coma in SMILE group was significantly increased(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001), while there was no significant change in T-PRK group(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05), and the increase was significantly greater in SMILE group than in T-PRK group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). There was no significant difference in objective scattering index(OSI), modulation transfer function cut off frequency(MTFcut off), Strehl ratio(SR), visual acuity(VA)100%, VA20% and VA9% between the two groups(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:Both T-PRK and SMILE showed good safety, efficacy, and visual quality in correcting low myopia, while SMILE induced more vertical coma than T-PRK.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 567-572, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965778

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the short-term visual quality outcomes after femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and evolution implantable collamer lens(EVO-ICL)implantation for the correction of moderate myopia.METHODS: Prospective control study. A total of 51 cases(51 eyes)with moderate myopia who underwent SMILE or EVO-ICL implantation surgery at Weifang Eye Hospital from April 2021 to February 2022 were selected. They were divided into SMILE group(30 patients, 30 eyes)and EVO-ICL group(21 patients, 21 eyes)according to the surgical methods. The changes of visual acuity [uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity(CDVA)], diopter [spherical equivalent(SE)] and related parameters of optical quality analysis system(OQAS Ⅱ)were observed before surgery and at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery, and the quality of vision(QoV)questionnaire was completed.RESULTS: At 3mo after surgery, the safety index(postoperative CDVA/preoperative CDVA)of SMILE gruop and EVO-ICL group were 1.20(1.00, 1.20)and 1.20(1.00, 1.38), respectively, the efficacy index(postoperative UDVA/preoperative CDVA)were 1.00(1.00, 1.20)and 1.00(1.00, 1.20), respectively, and the percentage of SE within ±0.50D was 87% and 100%, respectively. In SMILE group, the objective scattering index(OSI)was increased after surgery, while modulation transfer function cutoff frequency(MTF cutoff), contrast visual acuity(VA)100%, and VA20% at 1wk and 1mo after surgery, and Strehl ratio(SR)and VA9% at each time point after surgery were all decreased compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The OSI, MTF cutoff, SR and VA of EVO-ICL group showed no difference at each time point after surgery compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The most common visual symptoms after SMILE and EVO-ICL implantation were visual haze and halos, respectively.CONCLUSION: Both SMILE and EVO-ICL implantation have good safety, efficacy and predictability in the short term after the correction of moderate myopia. Both groups had visual symptoms after surgery, but the overall satisfaction of patients was high. Furthermore, EVO-ICL implantation has better objective visual quality performance.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1085-1090, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of resolvin D1 (RvD1) in alleviating brain injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) through regulating autophagy pathway in pigs.Methods:Nineteen male domestic pigs, weighing 30-41 kg, were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: sham group (S group, n=5), CPR group ( n=7), and RvD1 group ( n=7). In the S group, the animals only experienced general preparation. In the CPR and RvD1 groups, the pig CPR model was established by 8 min of cardiac arrest caused by electrically induced ventricular fibrillation, and followed by 5 min of CPR. At 5 min after resuscitation, a dose of 0.6 μg/kg of resolvin D1 was injected via femoral vein in the RvD1 group, and the same amount of vehicle was similarly administered in the other two groups. At 1, 3, 6, and 24 h after resuscitation, blood samples were collected from the femoral vein to measure serum concentrations of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100β protein by ELISA. At 24 h after resuscitation, neurological function was evaluated by neurological deficit score (NDS), and then the animals were euthanized to obtain cerebral cortex for measuring the expressions of phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK), phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR), microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3 II) and p62 by Western blot. The variables were compared with One-way analysis of variance and then the Bonferroni test among the three groups. Results:During 24 h after resuscitation, the NDS was significantly increased accompanied with significantly greater concentrations of NSE and S100β in serum in the CPR and RvD1 groups compared to the S group (all P<0.05). However, the NDS was significantly decreased at 24 h after resuscitation [(182±34) vs.(124±18), P<0.05], and serum NSE and S100β were significantly reduced starting 3 h after resuscitation in the RvD1 group compared to the CPR group [NSE (ng/mL): (23.1±3.8) vs. (18.0±2.2) at 3 h, (27.3±2.9) vs. (19.8±1.4) at 6 h, and (28.1±1.3) vs. (15.1±2.1) at 24 h; S100B (pg/mL): (1 611±208) vs. (1 322±100) at 3 h, (1 825±197) vs. (1 410±102) at 6 h, and (1 613±138) vs. (1 183±139) at 24 h, all P<0.05]. The expression levels of p-AMPK and LC3 II were significantly increased while the expression levels of p-mTOR and p62 were significantly decreased at 24 h after resuscitation in the CPR and RvD1 groups compared to the S group (all P<0.05). However, the expression levels of p-AMPK and LC3 II were significantly lower and the expression levels of p-mTOR and p62 were significantly higher at 24 h after resuscitation in the RvD1 group compared to the CPR group [p-AMPK: (0.28±0.08) vs. (0.17±0.03); LC3 II: (0.33±0.09) vs. (0.21±0.04); p-mTOR: (0.13±0.02) vs. (0.16±0.02); p62: (0.16±0.05) vs. (0.22±0.02), all P<0.05]. Conclusions:The protective mechanism by which RvD1 alleviates brain injury after CPR in pigs might be related to the inhibition of neuronal autophagy mediated by AMPK/mTOR pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929628

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of the number of high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities (HRCA) on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: A total of 360 patients with newly diagnosed MM admitted to Jiangsu Province Hospital between November 2013 and September 2020 were included in this study. Cytoplasmic light chain immunofluorescence with fluorescence in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH) was used to detect HRCA. Cytogenetic abnormalities were combined with clinical characteristics and outcomes for further analysis. Results: Among the 360 patients, 120 patients (33.3%) presented with no HRCAs, and 175 (48.6%) , 61 (16.9%) , and four (1.1%) patients had one, two, and three HRCA (s) , respectively. Patients were divided into three groups, including the no-HRCA group, one-HRCA group, and ≥two-HRCA group, according to the number of HRCAs. There were significant differences in the R-ISS stage, hemoglobin level, albumin level, and the proportion of bone marrow plasma cells among the three groups (P<0.05) . The COX proportional-hazards model identified extramedullary disease (P=0.018) , HRCA ≥ 2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P<0.001) as independent risk factors for progression free survival (PFS) and identified lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ≥ 220 U/L (P<0.001) , HRCA ≥2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P=0.005) as independent risk factors for overall survival (OS) . The median PFS was 28 months, 22 months, and 14 months (P=0.005) for the three cohorts, and their OS was not reached,60 months, and 30 months (P=0.001) , respectively. Conclusions: HRCA ≥ 2 is an independent risk factor for decreased survival in patients with newly diagnosed MM. More HRCAs result in heavier tumor burden, as well as a higher risk of disease progression and death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 684-687, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the predictive value of the UK Myeloma Research Alliance Risk Profile(MRP)score based on clinical outcomes in elderly patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(NDMM).Methods:Patients aged ≥65 years with NDMM in our hospital from March 2018 to September 2021 were divided into three groups with low, medium and high risk according to MRP scores.Their therapeutic efficacy, adverse effects, and survival were analyzed.Results:A total of 63 NDMM patients were enrolled with median age of 69 years(65-84 years)and median follow-up of 13.3(1.2-43.4)months.Based on MRP score, there were 22 patients in the low-risk group, 13 cases in medium-risk group, 28 patients in the high-risk group.The median progression-free survival(PFS)time of the three groups was 38.4, 25.1 and 21.2 months respectively, and the estimated 2-year PFS rate was 83.9%, 60.0%, and 45.6%, respectively(all P=0.177). The estimated 2-year overall survival(OS)rate was 100.0%, 90.0%, 74.6%, respectively(all P=0.049). Among patients with grade 2 or above hematological adverse events, there were 20 cases(71.4%), 7 cases(53.8%)and 8 cases(36.4%)in the high-, medium-and low-risk groups, with statistically significant differences( χ2=6.154, P=0.046). Among patients with grade 3 or higher non-hematological adverse events, there were 17 cases(60.7%), 5 case(38.5%)and 5 cases(22.7%)in the high-, medium-and low-risk groups, with statistically statistical significance( χ2=7.389, P=0.025). The patients experiencing interruption, delay or replacement of chemotherapy regimen were 6 cases(46.2%)and 19 cases(67.9%)in the medium-and high-risk groups, which were higher than in the low-risk group(31.8%, χ2=6.543, P=0.038). Conclusions:It is feasible to conduct MRP score in elderly NDMM patients.The MRP score can be used to predict the adverse events of chemotherapy, etc, and has certain value for the prognosis evaluation of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 94-99, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of Chaihu Shugansan combined with abdominal acupuncture on depression caused by chronic pain,and to explore its mechanism. Method:A total of 97 patients with depression caused by chronic pain were randomly divided into control group (49 cases) and observation group (48 cases). Patients in both groups received routine western medicine treatment,including necessary psychological intervention and taking paroxetine. Control groupobservation groupcontrol group Patients in control group were treated with Xiaoyaowan,and patients in observation group were treated with Chaihu Shugansan combined with abdominal acupuncture. Both groups were treated for 6 weeks. The levels of serum neurotransmitters,cytokines and Hamilton depression rating scale(HAMD) before and after treatment were compared between two groups<bold>.</bold> Result:There was no significant difference in HAMD scores of the two groups before treatment and the HAMD scores of two groups after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and the HAMD scores in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT),norepinephrine (NE),and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) between two groups before treatment. After treatment,the levels of serum 5-HT,NE,and BDNF in two groups were significantly higher than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and the levels in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6),interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) before treatment. After treatment,the levels of serum IL-6,IL-1<italic>β</italic> and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were significantly lower than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and the levels in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:On the basis of psychological intervention and paroxetine administration,the combination of Chaihu Shugansan and abdominal acupuncture exerts their respective advantages. It treats both symptoms and root causes of depression,relieves the degree of depression,reduces the classification of depression,and regulates the levels of neurotransmitter and cellular inflammatory factors,and inhibits inflammatory response. The clinical effect is significant.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 49-57, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the activation of microglia in hippocampus of depressed and anxious mice induced by maternal separation with acute restraint stress and the expression of interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>),interleukin-6(IL-6),tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>), investigating the mechanism of Wenyang Jieyu prescription in treating anxiety and depression. Method:Eighty four male C57BL offspring were randomly divided into control group, acute restraint stress group and model group on postnatal day 0(PD0). Maternal separation combined with acute restraint stress was used to prepare anxious and depressed model mice, dividing the model mice into model group, Wenyang, Jieyu, Wenyang Jieyu and fluoxetine group according to random number table method. During the period of PD21-PD90, the control, acute restraint stress and model mice were fed with normal diet, with the other groups fed with corresponding medicine mixed diet. The Wenyang, Jieyu and Wenyang Jieyu groups were given 5.85, 12.03 and 16.71 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> respectively. The fluoxetine group was given 2.60 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>. Open field, zero maze test and social interaction tests were used to evaluate the anxiety and depression of model mice. The expression of Iba-1 in hippocampal microglia was detected by immunohistochemistry(IHC). The mRNA expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, Iba-1 and glucocorticoid receptor(GR)were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with the control group, total movement distance and time spent in central zone in 5 min of the model mice significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), time spent in opened arm and total movement distance decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), investigation time during testing and training increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression of Iba-1 protein and mRNA,IL-1<italic>β</italic>,IL-6,TNF-<italic>α</italic> mRNA significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), the expression levels of GR mRNA significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The result of IHC staining showed that microglia were over activated. Compared with the model group, total movement distance and time spent in central zone in 5 min of mice in the Wenyang Jieyu and fluoxetine group significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01).Time spent in opened arm significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Investigation time during testing and training significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression of Iba-1 protein and mRNA,IL-1<italic>β</italic>,IL-6,TNF-<italic>α</italic> mRNA significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression of GR mRNA increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). IHC staining showed the microglia recovered. Time spent in opened arm of mice in the Wenyang group and Jieyu group significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), time spent investigating during testing decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the expression levels of Iba-1 protein and mRNA,IL-6 mRNA significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression of GR mRNA of mice in the Wenyang group significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the expression of TNF-<italic>α </italic>mRNA significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Total movement distance of mice in the Jieyu group increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), time spent investigating during training decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05),the expression level of IL-1<italic>β </italic>mRNA significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). IHC staining showed that microglia recovered partly in both groups. Conclusion:The comprehensive curative effect and pharmacological action of Wenyang Jieyu prescription were better than Wenyang prescription and Jieyu prescription. Wenyang Jieyu prescription can treat anxiety and depression in maternal separation and acute restraint stress mice, its possible mechanism may be related to the decreased activation of microglia, down-regulation of IL-1<italic>β</italic>,IL-6,TNF-<italic>α</italic> expression and up-regulation of GR expression.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 55-62, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the activation of microglia and the expression of inflammatory factors in hippocampus of mice with depression-like behavior after mother-infant separation (MS) combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stress, and to explore the possible anti-depression mechanisms of Wenyang (WY), Jieyu (JY), and Wenyang Jieyu (WYJY) prescriptions from the perspective of warming Yang and relieving depression. Method:Seventy offspring mice were randomly divided into a normal group (<italic>n</italic>=10), a LPS stress group (<italic>n</italic>=10), and a modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=50). After undergoing 8 h·d<sup>-1 </sup>mother-infant separation during postnatal day 5 (PD<sub>5</sub>)–PD<sub>14</sub>, mice in the modeling group were further divided into the MS + LPS group, WY group, JY group, WYJY group, and fluoxetine (FLU) group, with 10 in each group. The birth date of the offspring mice was recorded as PD<sub>0</sub>. The mice in the normal, LPS, and MS + LPS groups were fed a normal diet during PD<sub>21</sub>–PD<sub>90</sub>, while those in the other groups were treated with the mixtures of corresponding drugs and feed, followed by seven-day intraperitoneal injection of LPS since PD<sub>91</sub> for inducing depression. The depression-like behavior of mice in each group was detected in the open-field, O-maze, and social interaction tests. The protein expression of microglia-specific ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba-1) in the hippocampus was assayed by immunohistochemistry, and the mRNA expression of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>), Iba-1, and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with the normal group, the LPS group exhibited significantly reduced residence time at the central area within 5 min (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and shortened total exercise distance (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In the MS + LPS group, the open-arm activity time and the total activity distance decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01, <italic>P</italic><0.05), whereas the training, discrimination and exploration time increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression of Iba-1 in hippocampal CA1 region of mice in the LPS and MS + LPS groups was remarkably elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the LPS group, the MS + LPS group displayed significantly prolonged distance of 5-min exercise (<italic>P</italic><0.05), increased training, discrimination and exploration time (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated Iba-1 expression in hippocampal CA1 area (<italic>P</italic><0.01). As revealed by comparison with the MS + LPS group, both the total 5-min exercise distance (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and the training and discrimination time (<italic>P</italic><0.01, <italic>P</italic><0.05) of mice in each administration group was significantly shortened. The discrimination and exploration time of mice in the JY, WYJY, and FLU groups was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the expression of Iba-1 in hippocampal CA1 region of mice in each administration group was significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The warming Yang and relieving depression method helps to inhibit the occurrence and development of depression due to its efficacy in activating microglia in hippocampus of depression mice and lowering the expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, and TNF-<italic>α</italic>.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1624-1627, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867441

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the expression level of malignant biological marker gene in locally advanced low rectal cancer tissues after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with XELOX, so as to provide guidance for clinical treatment.Methods:Based on the established inclusion and exclusion criteria, 104 patients with locally advanced low rectal cancer treated in the Surgery Department of the Affiliate Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2017 to January 2018 were included in the study. Based on the random number table method, they were divided into observation group and control group, with 52 patients in each group. Radical resection was performed in both groups, while radical resection was performed directly in the control group, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy with XELOX plus radical resection was performed in the observation group. The effect of tumor resection in the two groups was compared and analyzed, and the expression levels of tumor markers and malignant biological marker genes in the tumor tissues after surgery were determined. The 3-year postoperative survival rate of the two groups was followed up.Results:The R0 resection rate was 96.15% in the observation group and 80.77% in the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the serum levels of cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 50 (CA50) before the operation in the two groups ( P>0.05). One week after the operation, the serum levels of CA19-9, CEA and CA50 in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Through detection, the relative mRNA expression levels of PPTG and Smad4 in the postoperative observation group were higher than those in the control group, while the relative mRNA expression levels of Runx3 and APC were lower than those in the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The 3-year follow-up survival rate in the observation group was 90.38%, significantly higher than 78.85% in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of XELOX neoadjuvant chemotherapy in radical resection of locally advanced low rectal cancer has important clinical value in reducing tumor malignancy, improving tumor resection effect and improving survival.

12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 368-377, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719330

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and asparaginase-based regimens are the best first-line treatments. Data on the role of specific circulating lymphocyte subsets in the progression of ENKTL are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical correlation and distribution of circulating absolute CD4+ T-cell counts (ACD4Cs) in ENKTL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively searched medical records for 70 newly diagnosed ENKTL patients treated with pegaspargase-based regimens. Comparison of ACD4Cs as a continuous parameter in different groups was calculated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Stage III/IV, B symptoms, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, monocytopenia, high-intermediate and high risk International Prognostic Index (IPI) and Korean Prognostic Index (KPI), high risk Prognostic Index of Natural Killer Lymphoma (PINK), and lower lymphocytes were significantly associated with low ACD4C at diagnosis. With a median follow-up time of 32 months, patients who had an ACD4C < 0.30×109/L had a worse OS. Median OS was 11 months and median PFS was 5 months in the low ACD4C cohort. There were significant differences in both OS and PFS between the two cohorts. Moreover, multivariate Cox analysis identified ACD4Cs as an independent predictor for OS and PFS. CONCLUSION: Low ACD4Cs were associated with poorer survival and could act as a negative predictor for ENKTL patients treated with asparaginase-based regimens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Count , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes
13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12): 805-808, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of eltrombopag in the treatment of refractory acquired pure red cell aplasia(PRCA). METHODS: Three patients with refractory acquired PRCA treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University/Jiangsu Province Hospital from March 2018 to May 2019 were treated with eltrombopag(75 mg/d). The clinical data were collected for evaluating efficacy and tolerance. RESULTS: The erythrocyte count(P=0.039), hemoglobin concentration(P=0.018) and reticulocyte percentage(P=0.046) in 3 patients were significantly higher than those before treatment. The platelet count was higher than that before treatment(P=0.024). The leukocyte count and absolute neutrophil count increased in 2 patients, and decreased in 1 patient, but still remained in the normal range(P=0.924; P =0.565). Total bilirubin(TBIL) and direct bilirubin(DBIL) increased in 1 case; alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and serum creatinine(Scr) increased in 1 case; palpitation occurred in 1 case. All the side effects were alleviated after symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSION: Eltrombopag has certain efficacy and good tolerance in the treatment of refractory acquired PRCA, which is worthy of further exploration.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2047-2051, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697292

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the accuracy and safety of using normal saline as a medium to guide the catheter lumen to assist the localization of the catheter tip. Methods This study included the patients with hematological malignancies in our fully implantable venous port. We enrolled 105 patients from January 2014 to December 2015 as control group, and 220 patients from January 2016 to June 2017 as the experimental group. The control group used the traditional fully implantable venous port after the chest X slice to determine the location of the catheter tip. The experimental group used the intracavitary electrocardiogram location technology to assist the complete implantable venous port catheter tip positioning catheter, then chest X film. Results No catheterization occurred in all the patients. The rate of catheter placement was 100%. In the experimental group, 179 patients (81.36%) had the best placement of catheter tip (i.e., superior vena cava right atrium junction, CAJ), and 35 patients (52.38%) in the control group had the best placement of catheter tip. The proportion of the catheter tip located in the best position (the superior vena cava auricular commissure and CAJ) in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (χ2=29.615, P < 0.05). Conclusions By the injection of saline guided endocardial mapping real-time monitoring of totally implantable venous transfusion port catheter tip position, can guide the surgeon to grasp the real-time operational direction of totally implantable venous transfusion port catheter tip, accurately positioning the catheter tip position, improve the surgical success rate, worthy of clinical use.

15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 238-242, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691012

ABSTRACT

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most common congenital disorders in childhood. Its diverse pathological changes require different treatments and result in different outcomes. Although many studies have been conducted on DDH, some special pathology is still unrecognized. We here presented a rare case of a one-year and eleven-month old girl with DDH; a half-free intra-articular osteocartilaginous tissue was found in her right hip joint. X-ray, computer assisted tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed to evaluate the pathological changes. MRI revealed some positive findings. The patient experienced open reduction and histopathological examination of the small tissue. Through gross anatomy it is a half-free intra-articular osteocartilaginous tissue, which can fully match a fossa observed at the femoral head. Histopathological examination found that the tissue was composed of collagenous fiber and cartilage-like tissue. Interestingly, we found the expression of type I collagen according to immunohistochemical analysis, which indicated that the cartilage-like tissue was formed due to laceration of the articular cartilage. This kind of disorder should be included as one of the pathologies of DDH. The most possible origin of this tissue is the femoral head which we speculate may have been fractured before.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Hip Dislocation, Congenital , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 251-255, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693719

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of Lai's acupuncture therapy combined with Chinese herbal decoction for the treatment of infertility with ovulatory dysfunction, and to summarize the experience of Professor Lai Xin-Sheng in treating infertility. Methods Ninety-six infertility patients with ovulatory dysfunction were randomized into treatment group and control group, 48 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with Lai's Tongyuan acupuncture therapy for regulating Governor Vessel to tranquilize mind, inducing meridian Qi to original Qi, and was also given oral use of Chinese herbal decoction of Lai's Yiyun Recipe for promoting gestation. The control group was treated with Chinese herbal decoction alone. The treatment began exactly after the completion of menstruation period and lasted 15 days for one treatment course, covering 3 courses. And then the patients of the two groups were followed-up for 3 months. Therapeutic effect and pregnancy rate were evaluated after treatment, serum levels of estradiol and progesterone were examined, and abdominal ultrasonography was used for monitoring the maximum diameter of the dominant follicles and endometrial thickness before and after treatment. Results (1) Three cases from the treatment group and 5 cases from the control group were dropped out, and the final case number in the treatment group and control group was 45, 43 respectively. (2) The total efficiency of the treatment group was 88.9%, and that of the control group was 81.4%. The effect of the treatment group was better than that of the control group (P < 0.05). (3) The pregnancy rate of the treatment group was 73.3%, higher than that of the control group (51.2%), the difference being significant (P < 0.05). (4) After treatment, the maximum diameter of the dominant follicles and endometrial thickness in the two groups were obviously improved(P < 0.05 compared with those before treatment), and the improvement in the treatment group was superior to that in the control group (P < 0.05). (5) After treatment, the serum levels of estradiol and progesterone in the two groups were obviously improved(P < 0.05 compared with those before treatment) , and the improvement in the treatment group was superior to that in the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion The therapeutic effect of Lai's acupuncture therapy combined with Chinese herbal decoction is superior to that of Chinese herbal decoction alone, showing an obvious synergistic effect by shortening the course of treatment and enhancing pregnancy rate.

17.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 548-551, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607559

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of the real-time three-dimensional ultrasound Bi plane technology in evaluation of the foramen ovale blood in fetus.Methods The coronal plane of inferior vena cava entering the right atrium in 186 normal fetuses were obtained.The dimensions of foramen ovale (DFO) and inferior vena cava at the entrance of right atrium (DIVC) were measured in the coronal plane.The ratio of DFO and DIVC (DFO/DIVC) was calculated.The correlation be tween DFO/DIVC and gestational age was analyzed.Results There was no correlation between DFo/DIvc and gestational age (r=0.228,P>0.05).There were 155 cases during second trimester (21 28 weeks),and the DFO was (4.46±0.57)mm,DIVC was (4.55±1.22)mm,DFO/DIVC was 1.03±0.22.There were 31 cases during late pregnancy (29-36 weeks),and the DFO was (5.20±0.43)mm,DIVC was (5.90±1.33)mm,DFO/DIVC was 0.92±0.17.The mean 95% confidence interval of DFO/DIVC was (0.98,1.04),the 95% normal reference range was (0.80,1.44).Conclusion The coronal plane of inferior vena cava entering the right atrium can be obtained with real-time three-dimensional ultrasound Bi-plane technology,the flow from the inferior vena cava enters right atrium which is divided by the upper atrial septum can be observed,which is important in evaluating the foramen ovale blood.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1275-1277, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641113

ABSTRACT

To the cataract patient after corneal refractive surgery, if the intraocular lens power was determined by conventional formulas, different refractive errors may be produced after intraocular lens implantation.This inaccuracy of the lens power mainly came from 2 aspects-errors of corneal refractive power measurement and errors of formulas.Besides, imprecise of ocular axial length measurement and invalid lens position calculation also contributed to the inaccuracy of lens power.Therefore, in order to reduce refractive errors of cataractous surgery in patient underwent refractive surgery, appropriate method should be used to estimate the refractive power of corneal, and proper formula should be selected to calculate intraocular lens power.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1932-1935, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641076

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the histopathologic changes of Reis-Bücklers corneal dystrophy ( RBCD) . · METHODS: Cornea buttons were obtained from patients in 1 pedigree who underwent lamella keratoplasty. Sections with HE and special staining which included symplectic blue staining and Masson staining and Congo red staining were observed under light microscope. Two normal cornea specimens ( donated corneas from eye bank) were used as control. ·RESULTS:In those patients, the bowman's membrane disappeared. The main lesion was in bowman's membrane through HE staining, positive through PAS Congo red staining and Masson staining, negative through symplectic blue staining. ·CONCLUSION: The Reis-Bücklers corneal dystrophy is characterized as geographic map-like lesion of bowman's membrane, and the abnormal extracellular deposit is amyloid protein fiber.

20.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 92-96, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667809

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore suitable pre-processing methods for the TCM clinical data based on prospective study on insomnia treated by syndrome differentiation. Methods Based on the TCM shared clinical and research information platform and by using man-machine combination method, data cleaning rules, physician review, rule revision, procedural import and batch processing were used to conduct pre-processing for data in prospective study on insomniac treated by syndrome differentiation of 8 TCM doctors. Results Totally 27534 rules for symptoms data of individual treatment of insomnia were made and 1036 rules for diagnostic data, 842 rules for therapeutic ways, 540 rules for formula data, 3785 rules for data of Chinese materia medica. Conclusion Different kinds of terminology concepts were normalized at different levels, at the same time, characteristics of individualized treatment based on syndrome differentiation were reserved. Appropriate pre-processing methods can be used in the reaserch of individualization and standardization of TCM syndrome differentiation clinical data and can provide support for data mining.

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