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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Wuzi Yanzong Wan made of different processed products on the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in rats with kidney essence deficiency, and explore its protective effect on spermatogenic cells. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into the blank group, model group, whole raw product group, pharmacopoeia group and salt-processed product group, with 8 rats in each group. The kidney essence deficiency model was replicated by giving tripterygium glycoside tablets (the dose of 20 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The flow cytometry (FCM) was used to analysis the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in testis, the immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) in the testis. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to compare the contents of eight components (chlorogenic acid, ellagic acid, hyperoside, isoquercitrin, verbascoside, astragalin, kaempferol and schisandrin) in Wuzi Yanzong Wan made of different processed products, the mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile (A)-0.4% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-5 min, 5%-15%A; 5-10 min, 15%-17%A; 10-25 min, 17%A; 25-35 min, 17%-26%A; 35-60 min, 26%-56%A), the detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. Result:Compared with the model group, the total apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells, protein expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in each administration group were improved. Among them, the pharmacopoeia group and salt-processed product group had significant effects (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the improvement effect of the pharmacopoeia group and salt-processed product group was significantly better than that of the whole raw product group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The contents of chlorogenic acid, hyperoside, isoquercitrin and verbascoside in Wuzi Yanzong Wan were increased after the herbal medicines being processed with salt-water. The content of ellagic acid in the salt-processed product group increased, while it decreased in the pharmacopoeia group. The contents of verbascoside, astragalin, kaempferol and schisandrin in samples from the salt-processed product group were greater than those in samples from the pharmacopoeia group. Conclusion:Wuzi Yanzong Wan may reduce the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in rat testis by inhibiting the expression of Bax and promoting the expression of Bcl-2, and exert its effect of nourishing kidney and enriching essence. The enhanced anti-spermatogenic effect of Wuzi Yanzong Wan after processing may be related to the changes in chemical composition content after processing.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921796

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a major chronic disease threatening women's health. It has topped the global cancers as the diagnosed cases outnumbered lung cancer patients in 2020. Internal damage due to the seven emotions is an important cause of breast cancer and the disorders of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis and endocrine system and the abnormal immune defense mechanism in response to psychological stress all affect the occurrence and development of breast cancer. It is noteworthy that the theory of seven emotions in traditional Chinese medicine and the psychological stress theory of modern medicine have something in common in some aspects. Therefore, this study explored the correlation between internal damage due to the seven emotions and psychological stress and analyzed the molecular biological mechanisms of psychological stress influencing breast cancer from the perspective of modern medicine, which is helpful to reasonably prevent breast cancer and other related tumors and improve the prognosis of breast cancer patients through emotion regulation.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Emotions , Female , Humans , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Stress, Psychological
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887966

ABSTRACT

Indigo Naturalis has a long history of medicinal use with particularity and complexity in its processing. Before the Ming dynasty,Indigo Naturalis was extracted from the top layer of zymotic fluid,called " purified Indigo Naturalis". In modern processing,the precipitate " crude Indigo Naturalis" is dried to produce Indigo Naturalis after impurity removal. The form of Indigo Naturalis slices has undergone significant changes in ancient and modern times. In view of this,the quality comparison between crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis was conducted in this study with modern analytical techniques. Firstly,chemical composition was analyzed with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS,and the chemical composition of scent with HS-SPME/GC-MS/MS. The content of indigo,indirubin,total ash,and water-soluble extract was determined as well as the inorganic composition in crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis. Then,their microscopic morphology was observed and the surface element composition was investigated. Finally,the antipyretic activities of crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis were compared in the fever rat model induced by lipopolysaccharide and 2,4-dinitrophenol. The results demonstrated that the purified Indigo Naturalis had a faster and more lasting antipyretic effect,while the crude Indigo Naturalis had almost no antipyretic effect. This study is of great significance to the research on processing technology of Indigo Naturalis and provides reference for the formulation of its quality standards,production specifications and calibration procedures.


Subject(s)
Animals , Indigo Carmine , Indigofera , Plant Extracts , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887965

ABSTRACT

The soaking and fermentation of Baphicacanthus cusia( Nees),the important intermediate link of Indigo Naturalis processing,facilitates the synthesis of indigo and indirubin precursors and the dissolution of endogenous enzymes and other effective components,while the role of microorganisms in the fermentation is ignored. The present study investigated the changes of microbial community structure in Indigo Naturalis processing based on 16 S amplicon sequencing and bioinformatics. Meanwhile,the contents of indigo,indirubin,isatin,tryptanthrin,indole glycoside,etc. were determined to explore the correlation between the microorganisms and the alterations of the main components. As demonstrated by the results,the microbial diversity decreased gradually with the fermentation,which bottomed out after the addition of lime. Proteobacteria,Bacteroidetes,and Firmicutes were the main dominant communities in the fermentation. The relative abundance of Proteobacteria declined gradually with the prolongation of fermentation time,and to the lowest level after the addition of lime. The relative abundance of Firmicutes increased,and that of Bacteroidetes decreased first and then increased. The contents of effective substances in Indigo Naturalis also showed different variation tendencies. As fermentation went on,indole glycoside decreased gradually; indigo first increased and then decreased; indirubin and isatin first decreased and then increased; tryptanthrin gradually increased. Those changes were presumedly related to the roles of microorganisms in the synthesis of different components. This study preliminarily clarified the important role of microorganisms in the soaking and fermentation and provided a scientific basis for the control of Indigo Naturalis processing and the preparation of high-quality Indigo Naturalis.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Indigo Carmine , Indigofera , Indoles , Microbiota
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887964

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) processing is a traditional pharmaceutical technology unique to China,which is an important means to ensure the safety and effectiveness of clinical medication. As China' s intangible cultural heritage,it contains a wealth of wisdom. With the evolution and optimization of processing methods,Indigo Naturalis,an ancient dye,has gradually become an effective medicine for the treatment of high fever in children,colitis,psoriasis,and leukemia. However,the quality of Indigo Naturalis pieces is difficult to be fundamentally improved due to the unique traditional processing method,complex technology,unclear principle,and outdated equipment. After spending 20 years in exploring the inheritance,innovation,and transformation of ancient lawtheory-principle-technology-equipment-quality control in Indigo Naturalis processing,our research group has basically expounded the processing principle and realized the modern expression and industrial transformation of traditional technology. As China enters a new era,the TCM industry has begun to undergo the high-quality transformation. It is urgent to carry out new excavations and improve the processing,quality,and clinical application of Indigo Naturalis pieces,to better inherit and innovate traditional processing technologies and meet people's demand for high-quality TCM health services.


Subject(s)
Child , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Indigo Carmine , Indigofera , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Psoriasis
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1453-1459, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887086

ABSTRACT

Galli Gigerii Endothelium Corneum (GGEC) represents digestion-promoting medicines with measurable effects and extensive clinical application. However, its effective components are not clear. The quality control index in the current edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia is rather elementary and does not reflect its clinical efficacy. In this study, a bioassay method based on pepsin activity was proposed as a novel quality control method. With pepsin activity as the evaluation index, the extraction of GGEC was optimized and a method for the determination of biological potency was established by using the qualitative reaction parallel line method. The biological potency and consistency of 20 batches of GGEC were investigated. To provide scientific evidence in support of this bioassay method, two validation experiments were designed. One was to study the viscosity-reducing activity of a nutritional semi-solid paste after adding GGEC samples with differing potency. The other was to correlate the gastric residual rate in mice and pepsin activity with the alcohol soluble extract content. The results showed that the optimal preparation method was to dilute crude powder of GGEC with 50 volumes of water and subject to ultrasonic extraction at 300 W and 40 kHz for 0.5 h. The shape of the dose-response curve was similar to that of the positive control drug multienzyme tablets and the precision, intermediate precision and repeatability met the methodology requirements. The results showed that the potency of 20 batches of samples ranged from 13.49 to 34.69 U·mg-1, with an average value of 22.21 U·mg-1. The validation experiment demonstrated that the effect of reducing the viscosity of the nutrient paste became more significant as GGEC sample potency increased. The correlation coefficient R of gastric residual rate with pepsin potency and alcohol soluble extract content was 0.867 and 0.518, respectively, which indicated that the pepsin potency was highly correlated with in vivo activity. This study shows that a bioassay method based on pepsin activity is reliable and reproducible for GGEC and could provide reference method for the quality evaluation of other digestant herbs.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 45-53, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780559

ABSTRACT

Plant polyphenols have a wide range of pharmacological activities and application prospects. Liquid polyphenol preparations have special physical phases and complex chemical compositions, with problems such as poor stability and easy precipitation during production and marketing. Taking the multi-precipitation mechanism of plant polyphenol liquid preparations as an example,we discuss the chemistry and composition of the precipitation, how it forms, whether precipitationcan be controlled, and the interaction law of three precipitation approaches. An unstable mechanism model is proposed where hydrolyzed tannin hydrolysis and catechin non-enzymatic oxidative polymerization repeatedly induces associative colloid aggregation and precipitation. This study explains the complex physicochemical changes in polyphenol solutions and the microcosmic mechanism of instability in the induced system and proposes a steady state reconstruction of liquid polyphenol preparation consistent with the common law of precipitation and control. It has scientific significance for promoting the development and manufacture of high quality liquid polyphenol preparations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872901

ABSTRACT

Objective:High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprints of liposoluble and water-soluble fractions of Xiaojinwan were established and the similarity of fingerprints was evaluated, so as to explore the quality consistency of Xiaojinwan. Method:Chromatographic separation was carried out on Welch Ultimate AQ-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% phosphoric acid solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (liposoluble fraction of 0-5 min, 40%B; 5-10 min, 40%-50%B; 10-20 min, 50%-60%B; 20-30 min, 60%-65%B; 30-40 min, 65%-70%B; 40-50 min, 70%-80%B; 50-60 min, 80%-90%B; 60-65 min, 90%-95%B; 65-75 min, 95%-100%B; 75-80 min, 100%B; water-soluble fraction of 0-20 min, 2%-5%B; 20-30 min, 5%-10%B; 30-37 min, 10%-20%B; 37-45 min, 20%-30%B; 45-50 min, 30%-40%B; 50-58 min, 40%B), the flow rate was 1 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 30 ℃. The detection wavelengths of the liposoluble and water-soluble fractions were 202, 250 nm, and their injection volumes were 10, 20 μL, respectively. A total of 30 batches of Xiaojinwan from five manufacturers were detected by HPLC, the chromatographic peaks of each part were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and identified. Result:A total of 55 chromatographic peaks were detected in the fingerprints, and the similarity of fingerprint of 30 batches of Xiaojinwan was quite different. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of fingerprint similarity of liposoluble and water-soluble fractions of Xiaojinwan were 21.5% and 32.8%, respectively. There were significant differences in the quality of samples from different manufacturers and the same manufacturer, and the chemical consistency evaluation results were dominated by liposoluble fraction, and the main reason for the chemical difference of this preparation was the composition of Liquidambaris Resina. Conclusion:The quality consistency of Xiaojinwan is poor. The establishment of two-fraction fingerprint provides a new idea for the overall quality evaluation and control of Xiaojinwan, and can provide a reference for the quality consistency evaluation of traditional pills.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828406

ABSTRACT

Fatigue is a widespread and complex physiological phenomenon. Chronic fatigue can lead to cardiovascular dysfunction, mental disorders and other serious pathological reactions. Therefore, how to relieve fatigue accurately and effectively is an important proposition to implement the concept of "Healthy China" in the new era. As an important part of Chinese medicine health industry, Chinese medicine health food has been developing rapidly in recent years. At present, there are 1 157 kinds of anti-fatigue health food on the market in China, most of which are single Chinese medicine and its compound. However, their functions are generally labeled as "anti-fatigue", and their function positioning is too extensive and unclear. With the deepened understanding of fatigue classification and its physiological and pathological basis, it is urgent to be combined with the progress of modern chemical and pharmacological stu-dies to differentiate and precisely position the anti-fatigue health effects of traditional Chinese medicine. For this purpose, the classifications of fatigue were summarized in this paper, and the mechanism of fatigue was explained from the aspects of energy metabolism, accumulation of metabolites, oxidative stress, inflammation, hypothalamus pituitary adrenal axis and so on. We selected 10 traditional Chinese medicines which are most frequently used in health food, analyzed their anti-fatigue effect mechanisms, and summarized the best types of anti-fatigue food, so as to promote the scientific development of anti-fatigue health food industry, expand the market application scope of anti-fatigue health food, better respond to the construction of a healthy China and serve for people's health.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Food , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827977

ABSTRACT

The iterative innovation of processing technology is one of the important tasks in studies on processing of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). It is also the prerequisite for modern, refined, automatic and intelligent manufacturing of TCM pieces. Microwave processing is a new fire processing technique developed in the recent 30 years, with a unique thermodynamic form, and energy transfer and transformation laws. Moreover, it owns the advantages of a high processing efficiency, good product properties and low production energy consumption, with great application prospects. This paper introduced the study overview of microwave expansion technology in the food industry, reviewed the origin of microwave processing technology of TCM, and expounded the basic concept, principle and main purpose of microwave processing technology used in TCM. Then, the impacts of drug factors and microwave factors on the microwave processing effect were summarized, the industrial equipment that could be used for microwave processing was listed, and the impacts of microwave heating on starch, polysaccharide, protein and other components in Chinese herbal medicines were analyzed. Furthermore, the study advance of microwave processing of 14 herbs was investigated, including Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparaia, Galli Gigerii Endothelium Corneum and Asini Corii Colla; and the appearance and components of herbs processed by traditional processing method and microwave processing method were compared, so as to reveal the opportunities and challenges of microwave processing technology in the industrial transformation. We hoped that the systematic study of microwave processing technology could provide new ideas and techniques for the high-quality and high-level development of the TCM pieces industry in the new era, and promote its inheritance, innovation and transformation.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Microwaves , Quality Control
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827941

ABSTRACT

Animal medicines have been called "medicine with affinity to flesh and blood" by doctors of all ages, which always act as an important branch of Chinese medicine. They have various types, extensive sources and long application history, with unique cli-nical effects in anti-coagulation, anti-thrombosis, anti-fatigue, immune regulation, anti-tumor, anti-convulsion and so on. Most animal medicines contain proteins, fatty acids, and trimethylamine oxides, which are prone to decomposition and produce substances such as biological amines, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, trimethylamine and ammonia with unpleasant odors. The stench produced by the combination of various odors can easily cause side effects such as nausea and vomiting, which would probably affect the drug compliance and clinical efficacy in patients, and block the development of high-quality animal medicines. At present, we have insufficient understanding on sources and formation mechanism of the stench of animal medicines, lacking development of taste-masking technology. Therefore, the universality, formation, vomiting mechanism, evaluation methods, and masking technology of stench of animal medicines were summarized in this paper, so as to deepen the recognition of stench, provide references for the development of animal medicines deodorization technology, enhance patients' compliance with animal medicines, and promote animal drugs to better serve public health in the new era.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fatigue , Humans , Neoplasms , Taste , Technology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846523

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the forming process of gel patch and explore the compatibility-synergistic mechanism of Aconiti Radix-Zanthoxyli Pericarpium volatile oil gel patch. Methods: According to the indexes of skin followability, disclosing ability, initial adhesion and peeling degree, the substrate-property of eight commercially gel patches was evaluated. Then, with the comprehensive sensory evaluation, initial adhesion, stickiness and peeling degree as the index, single factor experiment and mixture design experiment were used to screen the proportion of matrix excipients of gel patch. Taking the number of acetic acid-induced writhing in mice as the index, the drug loading of gel paste was screened by in vivo animal evaluation. In addition, the compatibility effect of Aconiti Radix-Zanthoxyli Pericarpium volatile oil gel patch was studied by using formaldehyde-induced pain model and metabolomics. Results: Different brands of gel plaster had great difference in their skin followability, disclosing ability, initial adhesion and peeling degree. The initial adhesion and peel degree of gel patch had great influence on its disclosing ability and the greater the initial adhesion and peel degree were, the worse disclosing ability was. The matrix of the Aconiti Radix gel patch was 3% polyacrylic acid sodium NP700, 1.5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium, 0.25% Carbomer, 0.06% crystalline aluminum chloride, 0.1% ethylenediamine tetra acetic acid two sodium, 26% glycerol, 61.5% water, 4% diatomaceous earth, 0.15% tartaric acid; Drug dosage of each gel patch was 560 mg extracts of Aconiti Radix. Zanthoxyli Pericarpium olatile oil could enhance the analgesic effect of Aconiti Radix gel patch, which might be mainly through glycerol phospholipid metabolism and linoleic acid metabolism. Conclusion: To ensure better adherence and disclosure of gel patch, the initial adhesive force of gel patch should be controlled between 7-18 balls and the peel degree should be controlled between 0.03-0.97 kN/m. The Prepared Aconiti Radix gel patch has a good appearance, adhesion and shape with a clear analgesic effect, and Zanthoxyli Pericarpium olatile oil can enhance analgesic effect of Aconiti Radix gel patch. This study provides a basis for the development and application of new preparations for the external use in Aconiti Radix.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2195-2203, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780351

ABSTRACT

Xiaojin pills, the first choice for clinical treatment of breast hyperplasia, were selected to explore the suitability of a bioactivity assay with chemical fingerprinting for the development of an overall quality evaluation assay. The liposoluble and water-soluble fraction fingerprints of Xiaojin pills were established. The ability to inhibit platelet aggregation and the rate of inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) for 16 batches of Xiaojin pills from several manufacturers was analyzed; the chemical fingerprints of these samples were correlated with the bioactivity and chemical analysis. The animal protocol was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Approval, ID: 2018BL-002. Results showed that the antiplatelet aggregation activity of 16 batches was 0.712-1.278 U∙mg-1, with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 15.4%. COX-2 inhibition was 52.07%-68.95% and the RSD was 8.91%. The results showed that there was little difference in the biological effects of these samples. However, the chemical fingerprint consistency of these 16 batches of Xiaojin pills was poor, and the similarity of nearly half of the samples was less than 0.9. The total peak area of Xiaojin pills was 32.74%-165.37% across samples, showing very poor chemical consistency. In order to explore the reasons for the poor chemical consistency despite good consistency in the biological assays, the fingerprint chromatogram was analyzed by multivariate statistical analysis. The main chromatographic peaks were identified. The results showed that the similarity of Xiaojin pills was mainly determined by the prominent chromatographic peaks 17, 18, 20, 23 and 27 in the liposoluble fingerprints, which were identified from Liquidambaris resina and Angelica sinensis Radix. However, Liquidambaris resina and Angelicae sinensis Radix had almost no anti-platelet aggregation activity or COX-2 inhibitory effect at the normal prescription ratio. As a result, the ability to utilize chemical fingerprints to evaluate the quality consistency of Xiaojin pills is limited. The selection of biological evaluation methods that reflect clinical efficacy could make up for the shortcomings of chemical evaluation methods for quality assessment, and provide new ideas and methods for the overall quality evaluation of complex Chinese patent medicines.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the odorous components and their contents in raw products, wine-processed products, vinegar-processed products and wheat bran-processed products of Periplaneta americana. Method:Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was used to extract the volatile components from different processed products, the chemical compositions were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and the relative contents of each component was calculated by peak area normalization method. Result:A total of 41, 32, 40 and 47 components were respectively identified from raw, wine-processed, vinegar-processed and wheat bran-processed products of P. americana, involving a total of 13 common components. Conclusion:The odorous components in the raw products are mainly derived from aldehydes, alcohols, amines, hydrocarbons and other volatile substances. Odorous components can be reduced effectively and flavoring substances can be increased by wine, vinegar and wheat bran processing. This study provides a scientific basis for the further study of correcting odor of P. americana, it also provides a reference for analysis and correction of odor of animal medicines.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710187

ABSTRACT

AIM To prepare and characterize SiO2 solid dispersions of Curcumae longae Rhizoma extract.METHODS For the solid dispersions prepared by solvent evaporation method,its ratio of extract to carrier (SiO2) was screened by in vitro dissolution test,and the characterization was achieved by determination of particle size,specific surface area,porosity,micromorphology observation,infrared spectroscopy and X-ray.RESULTS When the ratio of extract to carfer was 1:8,three main components (bisdemethoxycurcumin,demethoxycurcumin and curcumin) in the extract reached the highest accumulative dissolution rates.Compared with physical mixture,the solid dispersions demonstrated lower particle size,specific surface area and porosity.Extract was dispensed in the carrier in an amorphous state.CONCLUSION SiO2 solid dispersions can obviously improve the dissolution rates of the main components in Curcumae longae Rhizoma extract.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771568

ABSTRACT

Xiaojin Pill, was firstly recorded in Life-saving Manual of Diagnosis and Treatment of External Diseases, with its primitive name of "Xiaojin Dan". Xiaojin Pill is a classic prescription for treating carbuncle and it is the first choice for Chinese medicine in the clinical treatment of hyperplasia of mammary glands. In this paper, the literature reports on Xiaojin Pills were summarized and the historical evolution, material basis, pharmacological action, quality control and other problems were systematically discussed to explore the potential problems in every aspect of the development status, and put forward the development countermeasures, providing reference for the modernization research and development of Xiaojin Pills.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Research
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773575

ABSTRACT

According to folk usage of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the present study was designed to determine the feasibility of the stems and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. as a new medicinal resource. Fourteen alkaloids in mother roots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. And multivariate analysis methods, such as clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to analyze the difference among various parts. In addition, the acute toxicity, analgesia, and anti-inflammatory tests were carried out. The results suggested that the contents of alkaloids in mother roots and fibrous roots were approximate, but those of leaves and stems were different from mother roots and fibrous roots. The results of the acute toxicity testing demonstrated the toxicity of fibrous root was strongest, and mother roots were slightly less toxic than fibrous roots. The stems and leaves were far less toxic than mother and fibrous roots. In addition, the analgesia and inflammatory tests showed the effects of the various tissues had no difference each other. These results provided a basis for developing new complementary and alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Simultaneously, the approach may also turn wastes into treasure and promote the development of circular economy.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Toxicity , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812364

ABSTRACT

According to folk usage of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the present study was designed to determine the feasibility of the stems and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. as a new medicinal resource. Fourteen alkaloids in mother roots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. And multivariate analysis methods, such as clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to analyze the difference among various parts. In addition, the acute toxicity, analgesia, and anti-inflammatory tests were carried out. The results suggested that the contents of alkaloids in mother roots and fibrous roots were approximate, but those of leaves and stems were different from mother roots and fibrous roots. The results of the acute toxicity testing demonstrated the toxicity of fibrous root was strongest, and mother roots were slightly less toxic than fibrous roots. The stems and leaves were far less toxic than mother and fibrous roots. In addition, the analgesia and inflammatory tests showed the effects of the various tissues had no difference each other. These results provided a basis for developing new complementary and alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Simultaneously, the approach may also turn wastes into treasure and promote the development of circular economy.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Toxicity , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1524-1532, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779756

ABSTRACT

Anthocyanins has a high health benefits and biological activity, which can make the solution easily absorbed and has a bright color, beautiful appearance in oral liquid. However, due to its particularity antioxidant activity, it is easy to be affected by the external physical and chemical factors, and then oxidation, polymerization, degradation and other unstable phenomena occurs that seriously affect the stability of products and shelf life. The traditional methods of pH regulation, deoxygenation and light avoidance could not meet the demand of stable anthocyanins. Addition of stabilizer to anthocyanins is a new effective way to improve the stability of anthocyanins. This paper is prepared to summarize systematically the principle and application methods of anthocyanins stabilizers to explore the key technology of clarification and stabilization of traditional Chinese medicine in the natural oral liquid, which may provide theoretical support and technical reference for the development and utilization of anthocyanins stabilizer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258492

ABSTRACT

To increase the permeation and retention of isopsoralen in skin, and improve its bioavailability.Isopsoralen loaded nanostructure liquid carrier (IPRN-NLC) was prepared by high pressure homogenization andoptimized by orthogonal experiment with the encapsulation efficiency, drug loading and average particle size as the evaluation indexes. The in vitro transdermal permeation of IPRN-NLC was evaluated by Franze diffusion cells.The results showed that solid-liquid lipid ratio of optimum IPRN-NLC formulation was 7∶3,drug-lipid ratio of 1∶30, 1% surfactant. Under these conditions, IPRN-NLC had an average encapsulation of (90.25±0.73)%,drug loading of (1.56±0.27)% and an average particle size of (305±1.57) nm.The in vitro transdermal permeation results showed that IPRN-NLC could increase the amount of IPRN permeated though skin, with 3 times of the epidermal retention as compared with IPRN solution. From the results we can know that the IPRN-NLC prepared by high pressure homogenization can improve the permeation andaccumulation of IPRN in the skin, with wide application prospects in the field of transdermal administration.

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