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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910187


Objective:To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of indocyanine green (ICG) navigation in the surgical resection of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE).Methods:Seven women undergoing surgery for AWE in First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (from July 1, 2021 to October 1, 2021) were collected. After exposure of the focus, ICG were used intravenously (0.25 mg/kg) as fluorescent dye for the intraoperative evaluation of AWE vascularization. Resection of the AWE was guided by direct visualization of the focus under standard laparoscopy with a near-infrared (NIR) camera head. Surgical margin around the AWE (3, 6, 9 and 12 point) and the margin under the focus were obtained for postoperative pathological examination of endometriosis. Time from injection to fluorescence visualization, the proportion of fluorescence visualization, time of fully resection of AWE, side effects related to the use of ICG, perioperative complications as well as the pathological result of the surgical margins were recorded.Results:ICG fluorescence of the AWE were seen in 5 patients (5/7). The mean time from injection to fluorescence visualization was (46.7±9.8) s. The mean time of fully resection of AWE was (16.4±7.0) minutes. There were no side effects related to the use of ICG. The rate of class-A wound healing was 7/7. All of the surgical margins were confirmed endometriosis-negative by postoperative pathological examination.Conclusion:ICG fluorescence visualization could conduct accurate resection of AWE, which is clinically safe and effective.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742762


Objective To explore the clinical features of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) combined with solid malignant neoplasms. Methods The clinical data of 8 CML patients with solid malignant neoplasms who were admitted to the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University, the Central Hospital of Nanyang City, the First Affiliated Hospital of Science and Technology University of Henan, and the Central Hospital of Xinxiang City from August 2006 to August 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features, treatment and prognosis of the patients were summarized with the review of literature. Results Among the 8 patients, 3 were male and 5 female, aged 40-76 years, with a median of 50 years old. Seven cases were in CML chronic phase, and 1 was in accelerated phase. Seven patients were treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), and only 1 patient was treated with hydroxyurea. In 8 patients, two cases presented with synchronous multiple primary cancer (SMPC), 6 cases presented with heterochrony multiple primary cancer (HMPC). two patients received the operation, 1 patient received the operation and chemotherapy, 4 patients received chemotherapy, and 1 patient received the isotope treatment. One SMPC patient died and another one was under treatment, and 6 HMPC patients were under treatment. ConclusionsThe relationship between CML and solid malignant neoplasm is under discussion, but patients with CML and solid malignant neoplasm are not unusual. Clinicians should raise awareness to avoid misdiagnosis. The treatment should follow the two main lines that are comprehensive treatment and individualized treatment.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619772


Objective To explore the effect of inhibition of miR-214 expression on the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells via regulation of E2F3 expression.Methods The expression of miR-214 in SMMC-7721, HepG2, SK-Hep-1 and Huh 7 cells was examined by RT-PCR.Hepatocellular carcinoma cells were transfected with miR-214 NC and miR-214 mimics with liposomes.The expression of miR-214 was detected by RT-PCR.The cell viability was detected by MTT assay.Cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst staining.Cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry.Western blot, RT-PCR and dual luciferase reporter gene assay were used to detect whether E2F3 was a downstream target gene of miR-214.Results The expression of miR-214 in SMMC-7721, HepG2, SK-Hep-1 and Huh 7 cells was 0.83±0.08, 0.32±0.03, 0.33±0.03, and 0.08±0.01, respectively.The expression of miR-214 in the HepG2 cells was the lowest, so HepG2 cells were selected as the subsequent experimental cell line.Compared with the miR-214 NC group, the expression of miR-214 (0.65±0.06 vs.0.14±0.01) was up-regulated, the cell viability (0.35±0.03 vs.0.69±0.06) was decreased, cell apoptosis rate [(36.37±3.43)% vs.(3.74±0.34)%] was increased, the G1 phase of the cell cycle (57.79±5.78 vs.45.319±4.53) was prolonged, the expression of E2F3 protein (0.23±0.02 vs.0.98±0.09) and mRNA (0.24±0.02 vs.0.99±0.10) was significantly down-regulated in the miR-214 mimics group (P<0.01).Conclusion miR-214 mimics suppress the HepG2 cell proliferation via targeted down-regulation of E2F3 expression.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445147


Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of standard or reduced doses of bortezomib combined with adriamycin and dexamethasone in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).Methods Fifty-two newly diagnosed,refractory and relapsed patients received bortezomib [1.3 mg/m2 (standard dose group,26 patients) or 1.0-1.1 mg/m2 (reduced dose group,26 patients) on day 1st,4th,8th and 11 th],and adriamycin (10 mg/m2) plus dexamethasone (40 mg/d) on day 1 st-4th,and were treated for 1-6 courses.Adverse events were graded and compared.Results After treatment,the overall response rate of standard dose group [80.8%(21/26)] and reduced dose group [88.5%(23/26)] had no significant difference (P =0.739).The rate of neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in two groups had no significant difference[23.1%(6/26) vs.15.4%(4/26),P=0.281 ; 11.5%(3/26) vs.7.7%(2/26),P=0.620].The rate of Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade peripheral nerve disease,herpes zoster,lack of power and abdominal distension in standard dose group were significantly higher than those in reduced dose group [15.4%(4/26) vs.3.8%(1/26),P =0.038;26.9%(7/26) vs.7.7%(2/26),P =0.029;38.5%(10/26) vs.15.4%(4/26),P=0.045; 19.2%(5/26)vs.3.8% (1/26),P =0.028].Conclusion Reduced dose of bortezomib appears to result in similar overall response rate,but better tolerance and safety compared with standard dose.