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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906695

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:评价活化自体淋巴细胞过继性免疫治疗(adoptive immunotherapy,AIT)是否有助于改善原发性肝细胞癌的临床疗效。方法:选取2016年8月至2018年12月在中国人民解放军总医院第五医学中心确诊的64例原发性肝细胞癌患者,通过分层随机法分为免疫治疗组(n=29)和对照组(n=35)。免疫治疗组患者取60 ml外周血分离制备单个核细胞并在含OKT-3和IL-2的培养基中活化培养,回输前进行质控检测。免疫治疗组中的Ⅰ~Ⅲ期患者(n=14)于一线治疗后接受自体淋巴细胞输注(3个月内输注6次),Ⅳ期患者(n=15)仅接受自体淋巴细胞输注;对照组患者接受肝细胞癌相关的其他治疗。疗效评估的主要终点是2年无复发生存(relapse-free survival,RFS)率,次要终点为无进展生存期(progression-free survival,PFS)和总生存期(overall survival,OS)。结果:入组患者中位随访时间为2.8年(0.2~4.2年)。免疫治疗组29名患者共接受了167次(计划174次,完成率96%)预定淋巴细胞输注(平均每人次回输9.30×109个细胞,其中CD3+HLA-DR细胞约占63%),治疗期间未观察到3级或4级不良反应发生。与对照组相比,免疫治疗组患者2年RFS率显著升高(62.1% vs 22.9%,OR=0.181,95%CI:0.06~0.54,P=0.002),中位PFS(28 vs 8个月,P=0.004)和中位OS(38 vs 34个月,P=0.915)均显著延长。在Ⅰ~Ⅲ期患者中,免疫治疗组(n=14)2年RFS率较对照组(n=18)显著升高(92.9% vs 33.3%,OR=0.38,95%CI:0.004~0.368,P=0.005),中位PFS明显延长(38 vs 14.5个月,P=0.005),而两组OS间无显著差异;Ⅳ期患者两组间PFS(P=0.077)及OS(P=0.994)均未见显著差异。结论:活化自体淋巴细胞AIT为安全可行的肝细胞癌辅助性治疗方法,可提高Ⅰ~Ⅲ期肝细胞癌一线治疗后RFS率、延长患者RFS时间,而对进展期肝细胞癌患者的PFS和OS无明显影响。

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798338

ABSTRACT

@#程序性细胞死亡是多细胞生物死亡的重要生物学过程,其调控方式复杂,对维持细胞内环境稳定十分重要。在过去 的几年中,除了凋亡之外,对程序性细胞死亡的非凋亡形式的研究也取得了进展。p53作为经典的肿瘤抑制因子,除了控制细胞 增殖和凋亡外,也参与非典型细胞死亡调控。p53通过对其下游靶点的转录调控以及与关键蛋白的直接作用,直接或间接调节细 胞的非典型死亡。本文对p53在凋亡、铁中毒、细胞程序性坏死、自噬性细胞死亡、有丝分裂灾难、副凋亡等几种非典型细胞死亡 模式中的作用作一综述,为肿瘤抑制机制的阐明及癌症药物研制提供相应参考。

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798319

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: To evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy and follow-up of dendritic cell (DC) vaccines in combination with cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK) treatment in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2013, 29 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (pathologically confirmed as renal clear cell carcinoma) were treated by DC vaccines-CIK at the Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital. The 29 patients included 24 male and 5 female, with a median age of 57(32-81) years old. Mature DC vaccine was obtained by gene transfection technology and CIK cells were obtained by i n v i t r o culture; and DC vaccine-CIK was infused back to patients through lymphatic drainage area and vein by each course. Twelve patients received first line treatment, 6 patients received second line treatment after the disease progression by targeted drug therapy or cytokine therapy, and 11 patients received third-linetreatment or above. The long-term clinical efficacy and overall survival rate were evaluated. Results: The median follow-up time was 5 (1-7) years. Treatment cycle was over 2 (2-23) cycles. One case (3.4%) achieved complete remission, 9 cases (31%) achieved partial responses, 13 cases (44.8%) demonstrated stable disease over 3 months and 6 patients (20.7%) developed progressive disease. The objective response rate was 34.4%,and the disease control rate was 79.2%. Stable disease for more than one year realized in 19 cases (65.5%). The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 93.1% (27/29), 65.5% (20/29) and 51.7% (15 / 29), respectively. Neither the median progression-free survival (PFS) nor the median survival time was achieved. No adverse reactions above grade 3 were observed during treatment. Conclusion: DC vaccines-CIK therapy for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma is affirmative; it achieved good disease control and long-term survival with controllable safety, and prolonged the survival time for advanced renal cell carcinoma patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750562

ABSTRACT

Objective @# To evaluate the expression of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in gingival tissue endothelial cells from type 2 diabetic rats with chronic periodontitis and to explore the role of RAGE in the pathogenesis of diabetes in cases with chronic periodontitis.@*Methods@#Sixty 7-week-old female Wistar diabetic obese rats were randomly divided into two groups. Periodontitis was induced in 30 rats by silk ligation, and the other 30 rats were used as the control group in which the periodontal tissues were not treated. One week after periodontal ligation and inoculation, the periodontitis and control group rats were randomly divided into two subgroups; the first subgroup was fed a high-fat diet, and the second group was fed a low-fat diet. Thus, 15 rats per group were included in the high-fat diet periodontitis (HF/P), low-fat diet periodontitis (LF/P), high-fat diet periodontal health (HF/C), and low-fat diet periodontal health (LF/C) groups. Glucose tolerance tests were performed weekly to measure the fasting insulin and blood glucose levels and the insulin resistance index to verify successful construction of the rat diabetes model. After successful modeling of chronic periodontitis, the rats were sacrificed at the 13th week after measurement of the serum necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and leptin levels. The tooth periodontal tissues were prepared and sectioned to observe histological changes. Immunofluorescence double staining was used to detect the density of RAGE-positive endothelial cells in the gingival tissues of the four groups.@* Results @#The serum fasting blood glucose and insulin levels and insulin resistance index were significantly higher in the HF/P and HF/C groups than in the LF/P and LF/C groups (P < 0.01). The serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in the HF/P and LF/P groups than in the HF/C and LF/C groups (P < 0.01). The serum leptin levels were significantly higher in the HF/P group than in the other three groups. The density of RAGE-positive endothelial cells was significantly higher in the HF/P and HF/C groups than in the LF/P (P=0.001) and LF/C groups (P=0.040). The density of RAGE-positive endothelial cells in the HF/P group was higher than that in the HF/C group (P=0.027).@*Conclusion@#Endothelial cells in type 2 diabetic rats with periodontitis have increased gingival tissue RAGE and serum leptin levels.

5.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 79-82, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668092

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness of arthroscopy assisted percutaneous internal fixation and open reduction of traditional surgery for tibial plateau fractures. Methods Between January 2012 and January 2015, 178 patients with tibial plateau fractures were treated with arthroscopy assisted percutaneous internal fixation (arthroscopy group, n = 99), and control group (n = 79) with traditional surgery for the treatment of tibial plateau fractures. The operation time, fracture healing time, intraoperative and postoperative blood loss and complications were compared between the two groups. Knee function score and the range of motion were measured according to American Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score standard. Results Compared with control group, the amount of blood loss in arthroscopic group was less than that in control group (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in the operation time compared with control group. After 18~24 months follow-up, the HSS score of the arthroscopic group was higher, the wound healing time was shorter and the complication occurred less, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion The two treatment methods can achieve good clinical results, but after arthroscopic microscopic examination of the tibial plateau fractures with benefits such as: less blood loss, not increased the operation time, shorter healing time and less complications, higher HSS score while reduced the suffering of patients and improved the efficacy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238371

ABSTRACT

Soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) can decoy the toxic AGEs and is considered to be a protective factor.This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between intrafollicular sRAGE levels and clinical outcomes in infertile women of young or advanced maternal age (AMA) undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).A total of 62 young women and 62 AMA women who would undergo IVF were included in this prospective study.The intrafollicular sRAGE concentration was measured to determine its association with the number of retrieved oocytes,fertilized oocytes,high-quality embryos or achievement of clinical pregnancy in young and AMA women,respectively.Besides,correlations between sRAGE and age or follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were examined.We found that the intrafollicular sRAGE levels were higher in young patients than those in AMA patients,suggesting that the sRAGE levels were inversely correlated with age.In young patients,sRAGE showed no correlation with the number of retrieved oocytes,fertilized oocytes,high-quality embryos or achievement of clinical pregnancy.But it was found that AMA patients with more retrieved oocytes,fertilized oocytes and high-quality embryos demonstrated higher sRAGE levels,which were a prognostic factor for getting clinical pregnancy independent of age or FSH level.In conclusion,the sRAGE levels decrease with age.Elevated intrafollicular sRAGE levels indicate good follicular growth,fertilization and embryonic development,and successful clinical pregnancy in AMA women,while in young women,the role of sRAGE may not be so predominant.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238358

ABSTRACT

As one of the earliest markers for predicting pregnancy outcomes,human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) values have been inconclusive on reliability of the prediction after frozen and fresh embryo transfer (ET).In this retrospective study,patients with positive hCG (day 12 after transfer) were included to examine the hCG levels and their predictive value for pregnancy outcomes following 214 fresh and 1513 vitrified-warmed single-blastocyst transfer cycles.For patients who got clinical pregnancy,the mean initial hCG value was significantly higher after frozen cycles than fresh cycles,and the similar result was demonstrated for patients with live births (LB).The difference in hCG value existed even after adjusting for the potential covariates.The area under curves (AUC) and threshold values calculated by receiver operator characteristic curves were 0.944 and 213.05 mIU/mL for clinical pregnancy after fresh ET,0.894 and 399.50 mIU/mL for clinical pregnancy after frozen ET,0.812 and 222.86 mIU/mL for LB after fresh ET,and 0.808 and 410.80 mIU/mL for LB after frozen ET with acceptable sensitivity and specificity,respectively.In conclusion,single frozen blastocyst transfer leads to higher initial hCG values than single fresh blastocyst transfer,and the initial hCG level is a reliable predictive factor for predicting IVF outcomes.

8.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 58(2): 208-215, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-744316

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to evaluate the aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula activity, and the main pathway was detected on lung cancer by extracts of T. chebula. Aqueous extract of T. chebula was separated using a zeolite, and five fractions of T. chebula extract were obtained and analyzed by ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Antiproliferative activity was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) methods against human lung cancer (A549) and mouse lung cancer cell line LLC. T. chebula acts by regulating the Bcl-2 family protein-mediated mitochondrial pathway detected by western blot. Fraction 4 of the T. chebula extract showed much function and was thus studied further. Fraction 4 increased the activation of caspase-3, induced PARP cleavage, and promoted cytochrome c release into the cytoplasm. These data suggest that T. chebula acts by regulating the Bcl-2 family protein-mediated mitochondrial pathway and provide evidence that T. chebula deserves further investigation as a natural agent for treating and preventing cancer.

9.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(1): 194-203, Mar. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-743785

ABSTRACT

The present study was to investigate the effects of visfatin on the morphological structure and function of the rat uterus during inflammation. The expression and distribution of visfatin, morphological structure, eosinophils (EOS), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and cytokines in the uterus of the LPS-induced rat were studied using hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE), immunohistochemical methods, western blots and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The present study showed that visfatin positive cells dispersed widely in the uterus, and strong positive staining was observed mainly in the cell cytoplasm. Compared with saline group, in visfatin group, more uterine glands were found, EOS increased, and the difference was significant (P<0.05), MPO reduced, and the difference was significant (P<0.01). In addition, visfatin was able to increase the secretion of IL-1b, IL-6, and TNF-a (P<0.01). Compared with LPS group, in vifatin+LPS group, the uterine glands of the lamina propria increased, the myometrium became thinner, the number of EOS and MPO reduced obviously, but the difference was not significant (P>0.05), and after LPS stimulated body, visfatin decrease the level of IL-1b, IL-6, TNF-a (P<0.01). The above results suggest that visfatin could affect the morphological structure of rat uterus; Visfatin could modulate the inflammatory response in rats' uterus by regulating the quantity of inflammatory cells, such as EOS and MPO, and the level of inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1b, IL-6, TNF-a.


El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar los efectos de la visfatina sobre la estructura morfológica y la función del útero de la rata durante la inflamación. Se estudiaron la expresión y distribución de la visfatina, la estructura morfológica, eosinófilos, mieloperoxidasa y citoquinas en el útero de rata mediante la tinción de H&E, métodos inmunohistoquímicos, Western blots y ELISA. El estudio mostró que las células visfatina positivas se dispersan ampliamente en el útero, junto a una fuerte tinción positiva, principalmente en el citoplasma de la célula. En comparación con el grupo control, en el grupo visfatina, se encontraron más glándulas uterinas, se observó un aumento de EOS y la diferencia fue significativa (p<0,05), MPO reducida siendo esta diferencia también significativa (p<0,01). Además, la visfatina fue capaz de aumentar la secreción de IL-1b, IL-6 y TNF-a (P<0,01). En comparación con el grupo LPS, visfatina+grupo LPS, las glándulas uterinas de la lámina propia aumentaron, se observó un miometrio más delgado, y número reducido de EOS y MPO, sin embargo, la diferencia no fue significativa (P>0,05). Después de estímulo LPS en el cuerpo, se registró un nivel menor de visfatina en IL-1b, IL-6, TNF-a (P<0,01). Los resultados anteriores sugieren que visfatina podría afectar a la estructura morfológica del útero de rata. Además, podría modular la respuesta inflamatoria en el útero mediante la regulación de la cantidad de células inflamatorias, tales como EOS y MPO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Uterus/drug effects , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase/pharmacology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Rats, Wistar , Peroxidase/drug effects , Inflammation , Neutrophils/drug effects
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243240

ABSTRACT

INFLAMMATORY myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), also known as inflammatory pseudotumor or plasma cell granulomas, is an uncommon fibro-inflammatory lesion which is composed of inflammatory cells and myofibroblastic spindle cells. Its pathogenesis is still unknown. The tumor commonly occurs in the lung, upper respiratory tract, live, orbit, abdominal membrane, retroperitoneum, and genitourinary tract.It rarely involves the central nerve system, especially the middle cranial fossa. As far as we know, there are no more than 5 reports of IMT that developed in the middle cranial fossa without involving temporal bone. IMT can occur at any age but primarily affects children and young adults. It is difficult to diagnose IMT by clinical and imaging characteristics only. Here we present an 82-year-old female with intracranial IMT arising from the meninges and without involving temporal bone, which was diagnosed as malignant meningioma before operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cranial Fossa, Middle , Pathology , Female , Granuloma, Plasma Cell , Pathology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Meningioma , Pathology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260075

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of propofol on the mRNA expression of Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) in BV-2 cells during mimic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in vitro. BV-2 cells, a mouse microglia line, were cultured and divided into 4 groups at random: control group (group C),ischemia/reperfusion group (group I/R), low-dose propofol (25 μmol/L) intervention group (group PF25) and high-dose propofol (100 μmoi/L) intervention group (group PF100). The mRNA expression of TLR4 and NF-kB was measured by means of RT-PCR. TNF-а levels in the supernatants of BV-2 cells were detected by ELISA. The results showed that the mRNA expression of TLR4 and NF-kB was significantly higher in groups I/R, PF25 and PF100 than in group C (P<0.01). And the TNF-а level in the supernatants was elevated in groups I/R, PF25 and PF100 as compared with that in group C (P<0.01). After pre-treatment with propofol, the mRNA expressions of TLR4 and NF-kB and the TNF-ct level were significantly decreased in groups PF25 and PF100 in comparison to those in group I/R (P<0.01). And the decrease in those indicators was more significant in group PF100 than in group PF25 (P<0.01). It was concluded that propofol exerted brain-protecting effects during I/R injury by suppressing the mRNA expressions of TLR4 and NF-kB and deceasing the TNF-а level.

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