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Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 57(4): 578-586, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-712932


This work studied the immobilization of Cercospora kikuchii lipases on chitosan microparticles by chemical attachment on chitosan acetate microparticles activated by glutaraldehyde (CAM) added before or after the enzyme and physical adsorption on highly deacetylated chitosan hydrochloride microparticles (CHM). Lipases covalently immobilized on pre-activated CAM showed better performance retaining 88.4% of the enzymatic activity, with 68.2% of immobilization efficiency (IE). The immobilized enzyme retained an activity of about 53.5 % after five reuses, using p-NPP as substrate. Physical adsorption of lipase onto highly deacetylated CHM showed 46.2 % of enzymatic activity and 28.6% of IE. This immobilized derivative did not lose activity up to 80 days of storage at 4°C, while lipases immobilized on pre-activated CAM maintained its activity up to 180 days at same conditions. Taken together the results indicate that chitosan microparticles provide an optimal microenvironment for the immobilized enzyme to maintain good activity and stability.

Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 53(3): 629-632, May-June 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-548584


Papulaspora immersa and Arthrinium state of Apiospora montagnei Sacc. were isolated from the roots of Smallanthus sonchifolius (yacón). The crude extracts from their cultures inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Kocuria rhizophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. The more relevant results were observed in the ethyl acetate extract from P immersa against P aeruginosa (90 µg/mL) and ethyl acetate extract from Arthrinium state of A montagnei Sacc. against P aeruginosa (160 µg/mL). The two endophytic fungi isolated from yacón roots as well as their antimicrobial activity detected in the crude extracts cultures were being reported for the first time.

Mesmo havendo grandes investimentos, a resistência a fármacos continua sendo um grave problema de saúde pública. Produtos naturais têm prevalecido como a maior fonte de novas drogas e muitos deles são isolados de sistemas simbióticos: microorganismos-plantas. Os fungos endofíticos Papulaspora immersa e Arthrinium state of Apiospora montagnei Sacc. foram isolados de raízes de Smallanthus sonchifolius (yacón). Extratos de culturas destes fungos apresentaram atividade antibacteriana frente Staphylococcus aureus, Kocuria rhizophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Escherichia coli, sendo as mais relevantes observadas nas frações acetato de etila provenientes dos fungos P. immersa e Arthrinium state of Apiospora montagnei Sacc. frente a P. aeruginosa, apresentando CIM de 90µg/mL e 160µg/mL, respectivamente.

Braz. j. microbiol ; 36(2): 190-195, Apr.-June 2005. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-421724


Os efeitos de compostos benzênicos de plantas, respectivamente ácido cinâmico, ácido coumárico, ácido ferúlico, ácido cafeico e aldeído cinâmico, sobre o crescimento da colônia e a morfologia das hifas de Neurospora crassa foram investigados. Acido cinâmico, ácido ferúlico e aldeído cinâmico inibiram o crescimento colonial, mas não produziram diferencas visíveis sobre as hifas. Acido cafeico e ácido coumárico não inibiram o crescimento, mas alteraram a morfologia das hifas. Os resultados sugerem que os ácidos cafeico e coumárico afetam provavelmente a manutencão da polaridade (a contínua deposicão de material da parede na ponta em extensão), enquanto aldeído cinâmico e os ácidos cinâmicos e ferúlico diminuem a velocidade de crescimento, mas não alteram a polaridade das hifas. Actina no citoesqueleto e no Spitzenkõrper apareceu difuso e não estava claramente visível na presenca de um dos compostos benzênicos na cultura.

Benzene/chemistry , Hyphae/growth & development , In Vitro Techniques , Neurospora crassa , Benzene/pharmacology , Neurospora crassa
Braz. j. microbiol ; 32(4): 327-330, Oct.-Dec. 2001. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-314807


Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that the fungus Penicillium frequentans produces high levels of polygalacturonase and pectinesterase. Endopolygalacturonase I (Endo-PG I) and Exopolygalacturonase I (Exo-PG I) were previously purified and characterized. In the present study two extracellular polygalacturonases were separated, partially purified and biochemically characterized. Both were characterized as exopolygalacturonases so they were named exopolygalacturonase II (Exo-PG II) and exopolygalacturonase III (Exo-PG III) which had a molecular mass of 63 kDA (Exo-PG II) and 79 kDA (Exo- PG III). The K(m) values were 1.6 and 0.059 g/L and the V(max) values were 2571 and 185 U/mg, respectively. The optimim temperature was 50ºC for both enzymes, while the optimum pH was 5.0 for Exo-PG II and 5.8 for Exo-PG III.

Clinical Enzyme Tests , Fungi , In Vitro Techniques , Penicillium , Polygalacturonase , Culture Media , Methods