Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Year range
APMC-Annals of Punjab Medical College. 2016; 10 (1): 36-40
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185534


Objectives: To determine the significance of indwelling time for bacterial colonization of DJ stents by measuring the frequency of bacterial colonization in such stents after endoscopic Urological surgery. Place And Duration: Study was done from September 2014 to November 2015 [15 months] in Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad

Methodology: 68 patient were included in the study who undergone Percutaneous nephrolithotomy [PCNL] and Ureterorenoscopy [URS] for renal and ureteric stones respectively with DJ stenting. Sterile nature of urine was assured in pre-operative circumstances and patients with active urinary tract infection were excluded from the study. Urinary cultures were performed at 2-4 weeks, 5[th] week and more than 6[th] week of indwelling time and lower end of DJ stent cultures were also performed after removal

Results: 68 patients were included in the study with mean age 48.5 years [20-77 years age limits]. Among 68, 38 were male patients and 30 were female. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy [n = 5] and ureterorenoscopy [n =63] were the procedures after which DJ stenting was performed. Out of 68, 36 patients undergone right sided stenting and 32 patients undergone left side ureteric stenting. Urine culture was positive in 1 [1.47%] case and DJ stent cultures were positive for bacterial colonization in 4 [5.8%] cases. We do not found any statistical association between stent culture analysis and variables like gender, age of patient, or laterality. However we find statistical significance between stent indwelling time and colonization as evident by the results that the rate of colonization was 2.7% when indwelling time was less than 4 weeks, 4% colonization when indwelling time was 5 weeks as compared to 28.5% colonization when indwelling time was more than 6 weeks

Conclusion: These results showed that colonization rates increases when indwelling time increases especially when indwelling time exceeds 6 weeks. This study also refers to the fact that DJ stents can be kept safely for maximum duration of 6 weeks and indwelling time greater than 6 weeks will be associated with complication of urinary tract infection. Moreover this study also showed that one may find an infected colonized stents even if urine culture is negative for any growth

Pakistan Oral and Dental Journal. 2015; 35 (3): 395-400
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174229


In this study, which was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry Rawalpindi, the rate of satisfaction among patients who had dentofacial skeletal discrepancy and under gone orthognathic surgery along with orthodontic treatment from January 2010 till June 2015 was investigated. This retrospective study was conducted among fifty three patients who underwent Orthognathic surgery treatment from oral maxillofacial surgery department formed the study group. Patients were recalled for follow-up for their evaluation and to fill the questionnaire and those patients, who could not come for follow up were called on their personal phone numbers. Forty patients responded to fill the questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 19 questions. The survey response rate was 75.4%. Thirty five [87.5%] patients were satisfied with their final facial profile, and 37 [92.5%] were with their final esthetic profile. Related to the function 30 [75%] patients showed improvement in chewing ability, while 35 [87.5%] had no temporomandibular joint problem I pain post-operatively. The perception of patients for psychosocial benefits of treatment was positive, 27 [67.5%] patients stated that their social communication and 30 [75%] patient's self-confidence had improved a lot after treatment. It is concluded that orthognathic surgery was satisfactory and accepted treatment for dento-facial deformity, for improvement of appearance of individuals. On the other hand, any dissatisfaction that occurred in few individuals it was due to unrealistic expectations of the patients and expertise of surgeon and I or orthodontist